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Full text of "Gospel Messenger, The (1962)"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/gospelmessengerv111mors 



Gospel 



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IIFSSENGFR 



JANUARY 6. 1962 




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In This Issue — 

Young Brethren Farmers 

by Madeleine Greene 

Church and community in Falfurrias, 
Texas, benefit from a rural service minis- 
try in which many volunteers share. At 
left, Archie Patrick, pastor, talks with 
project leaders Jerry and Betty Yoder. 



The Church and the 
Soviet Union 

by Norman J. Baugher 

The first section of an interview report 
on the state of Christian churches in the 
Soviet Union deals with the Russian 
Orthodox Church. 



Communism^ s 
Greatest Enemy 

by John C. Middlekauff 



Kulp Bible School — 
Our Village 

by Pattie Stern 



Gospel Messenger 

^'Thy Kingdom Come" 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
111., at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance ifor mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCHIBER: Religious News Service. 
Ecumenical Press Service 

JANUARY 6, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 1 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Christian Churches and Atheistic Gov- 
ernments 3 

The General Forum — 

Young Brethren Farmers. 

Madeleine Greene 4 

The Church and the Soviet Union. 

Norman J. Baugher 10 

Communism's Greatest Enemy. 

John C. Middlekauff 13 

A Year Is a Day. 

Margaret J. Anderson 14 

Kulp Bible School — Our Village. 

Pattie Stem 17 

At 105 Years Retired Minister Sees 

Hope for Peace 18 

Roy McAuley — College President .. 19 
Columbia City Brethren Form New 

Congregation 20 

Reviews of Recent Books 20 

Fresno Church Honors Yearouts .... 22 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 24 

Church News 27 



Our Contributors 

Madeleine Greene is a staff writer 
for the Corpus Christi Caller-Times, 
Texas. 

Norman J. Baugher, general secretary 
of the General Brotherhood Board, rep- 
resented the Church of the Brethren at 
the New Delhi World Council Assembly. 

John C. Middlekauff is the pastor of 
the New CarUsle church, Ohio. 

Margaret J. Anderson is a free-lance 
writer Hving in Minnesota. 

Pattie Stern, with her husband, Irven, 
is serving the church in Nigeria, at the 
Kulp Bible School for training lay lead- 
ers of the church. 



READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

should be a place for him to serve 
in the church of his choice. 

We need to be realistic about the 
situation and not appeal to young 
men to dedicate their lives to the 
Christian ministry on the basis of a 
critical need for more ministers, 
when in reality the need does not 
exist. — C. G. Hesse, Petersburg, W. 
Va. 



Need More Strong Congregations 

In the Oct. 21 issue is an article 
by Galen B. Ogden entitled "Christ 
Calls Us to Extend and Conserve the 
Church," which has the following 
paragraph: "Heretofore, we assumed 
that our inability to fill the pulpits 
with capable pastors was due to 
shortage of trained ministers. How- 
ever, recent studies indicate that is 
not the case. We have empty pulpits, 
not because we do not have enough 
ministers to fill them, but because 
we do not have enough strong con- 
gregations to support the men who 
have dedicated their lives to the min- 
istry. Consequently, almost every 
year we find four or five of our strong 
ministers leaving the Church of the 
Brethren to serve in other denomina- 
tions, or leaving the ministry to go 
into business." 

This has been a conviction of 
mine for a number of years. It is a 
situation which should be of much 
concern to the church. To be sure, 
there are now a number of vacant 
pulpits amply able to provide ade- 
quate support for a pastoral pro- 
gram. However, these pulpits are 
vacant because the kind of men 
which these churches wanted were 
not available; hence the pulpits are 
vacant and filled by interim pastors. 

It is almost tragic for a young man 
to prepare for the pastoral ministry 
only to discover that there is no 
place for him in the Church of the 
Brethren which provides adequate 
support. 

For a number of years we have 
been told that there were forty or 
more pulpits vacant, when in reality 
the most of these pulpits were vacant 
because the congregations were not 
strong enough to take care of a full- 
time pastoral program. Appeal after 
appeal was made to young men to 
prepare for the pastoral ministry and 
there has been a response on the part 
of the young men. It should be of 
much concern now whether they will 
be given an opportunity to serve in 
the church of their choice. 

Pastors in the Church of the Breth- 
ren are not required to retire at a 
certain age as in some denomina- 
tions; hence they may serve as long 
as they are physically able. Denom- 
inations that have an age limit for 
retirement can hold in check the pos- 
sibility of an oversupply. Surely the 
church has a moral responsibility in 
this matter. After a young man has 
completed his preparation there 



Takes More Than Walls or Prayers 

I was pleased to read the article, 
"Are Institutional Homes the An- 
swer?" by Kermit Eby. He most 
adequately points out some of the 
problem areas that exist today in 
our Brethren Homes. 

I do not feel that the suggestions 
ofi^ered by Dr. Eby can be carried 
out to the fullest extent, but great 
strides toward their attainment can 
be made. We must re-examine our 
Brethren Homes structure, purpose, 
and goals. Then we should follow up 
by hiring as directors professional 
social workers with an understanding 
of gerontology and its ramifications. 
The problems surrounding our aging 
population are ever on the increase 
with the advent of miracle drugs and 
antibiotics. The basic question is 
what are the Brethren doing to meet 
this ever growing need? 

Dr. Eby points at the evils of 
bureaucracy and institutionalization, 
and this I accept, but in our hasten- 
ing to avoid this so-called evil, we 
see many of our present Brethren 
Homes on the other end of the con- 
tinuum. Here they are lacking in 
structure, headed by nonprofession- 
als, directed by boards who are well 
meaning but ignorant of the facts, 
and supported by apathetic parish- 
ioners. To quote a social worker 
friend, "It takes more than brick 
walls and prayers to make a home." 

I too feel as Dr. Eby that there 
is much more that might be said on 
the subject, but if this stimulates 
conversation and, may I add, action, 
it has served its purpose. — Joseph B. 
Mann, 1442 L Spartan Village, East 
Lansing, Mich. 

A Memorial Service 

After years of thinking and read- 
ing about funeral services, I have 
come to this conclusion for myself. 
When I come to the end of my jour- 
ney here on earth, I would want the 
remains to be taken to the funeral 
home and left there until time for 
Continued on page 23 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



Christian Churches and Atheistic Governments 



EDITORIALS 



ON HIS way to attend the World Council 
Assembly in India, Norman J. Baugher, 
general secretary of the General Brotherhood 
Board, spent several days in the Soviet Union. 
There he had some unique opportunities to 
question leaders of the Russian Orthodox and 
Russian Baptist churches concerning their ac- 
tivities as Christian churches in a Communist 
land. 

The Gospel Messenger presents in this issue 
the first section of Brother Baugher's report on 
his conversations. The second part, dealing with 
the Russian Baptist churches, will follow next 
week. A third section, offering observation and 
conclusions about the church in the Soviet 
Union, will appear in the January 20 issue. 
The writer's evaluation of the Russian church 
situation appears only in the final article. We 
beheve the entire series of articles will help our 
readers to become better acquainted with the 
church in the Soviet Union and to form their 
own conclusions as to its vitahty and perma- 
nence. 

Meanwhile, let us call attention to one re- 
curring phrase of the Communist approach to 
the church. There has been a deliberate attempt 
on the part of the Communist leaders both to 
foster atheism and to discredit the Christian 
faith. While permitting churches to continue 
many of their functions and while allowing in- 
dividual freedom of beHef, the Communists 
have sought to win young people especially 
away from the faith of their fathers. Yet, even 
after years of living under communism, the in- 
fluence of church customs prevails. So the 
atheistic governments have instituted their own 
rites and ordinances which they hope will re- 
place Christian ceremonies. 

As a substitute for confirmation, govern- 
ment officials have introduced youth dedication 
ceremonies. At the time when most Christian 
young people would be expected to take a stand 
for Christ and the church, the state brings tre- 
mendous pressure on them to participate in 
atheistic rituals. As a substitute for infant bap- 
tism, the Communists advocate "name-giving" 
ceremonies. There are similar nonreligious 
counterparts provided for marriages and funer- 
als. 

The Soviets are also active in promoting 
secular holidays as a replacement for Christian 
feast days. In Communist lands Christians still 
observe Christmas, yet the government seeks to 
make it a patriotic feast day centered around a 
"winter tree" in place of a Christmas tree. 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



Similarly, organized atheism seeks to supplant 
pre-Lenten observances by a "winter festival," 
to turn Easter into a "spring festival," and 
Pentecost into a "tree-planting" festival. 

These antichristian efforts do have their ef- 
fect, but they are not nearly as successful as 
their promoters would wish. There have been 
many references in Soviet journals urging loyal 
Communists to greater zeal in counteracting 
Christian customs. In spite of all the propa- 
ganda that seeks to discredit religious observ- 
ances, they do continue. 

Faithful Christians who find ways to worship 
and serve their Lord under such trying condi- 
tions deserve our cooperation and support. In- 
stead of being quick to criticize any signs of 
weakness in their testimony, we ought to look 
more closely at our own witness. Have we 
allowed paganism to take over our Christian 
hohdays? Are we indifferent about the signifi- 
cance of our rites and ordinances? And do we 
use such opportunities as our free society offers 
to propagate the faith we cherish? God needs 
trustworthy servants who will continue to be 
his witnesses in Marxist lands. Here also. — k.m. 



The Truth About Dancing 

THE man who ought to know something 
about social dancing is Arthur Murray. As 
the operator of some 500 dance studios around 
the world, his name is practically synonymous 
with organized methods of teaching all kinds of 
people to dance. 

He told an interviewer recently that he 
thinks only about ten per cent of the people 
who dance really enjoy it. Then why do they 
do it? "It's thrust upon them by convention," 
he rephed. Then he added, "When people are 
dancing, they are showing off." 

Now that we know the truth about dancing, 
it would be interesting to learn why some other 
rituals of modem life have their hold on so many 
people. At one time the hypocrites were those 
who paraded their false piety before men. 
Nowadays it is more common to show off by 
disclaiming any piety and to parade one's con- 
formity with what is fashionable. In either case 
the values are false. 

Let Christians point the way toward genu- 
ine enjoyment. Though it sounds paradoxical 
to say it, we are hkely to find it not in self- 
indulgence but in self-denial. — k.m. 



I ON FLAT Texas ranch land near Falfurrias, a cluster of 
white buildings stands framed in a thin-steeled, arched en- 
trance gate. In one, forty small children concentrate on their 
kindergarten teacher's English. From another come the 
sounds of lunch in the making. 

Two boys carrying buckets of fresh eggs walk from the 
chicken house. Two more survey their dairy. In the fields 
beyond, a tractor works its way slowly up and down the 
cultivated rows. 

It is midmoming on the Brethren Service farm. Nine 
young men and women, members of the Church of the 
Brethren, are deep in their day's routine. 

Hard work — done for others — is the norm here. Plain 
living is the way of life. "It is a simple life with lots of 
happiness and lots of joy," said Mrs. Jerry Yoder. For the 
last eight years she has taught the farm's kindergarten, a 
fundamental part of the service project. Hundreds of little 




oung Brethren Farmers 



Spanish-speaking children have learned their first English 
from her. 

Betty Yoder and her husband are typical of the young 
people who hve and work at the farm. As much as any two 
persons can be, they are typical members of their faith. She 
wears no makeup, though some of the young women do. 
Neither she nor Jerry smoke or drink. They rarely attend 
movies. They do not dance. Their "concept of life" is more 
serious than frivolous. 

But there is much laughter in their hves and content- 
ment. Part comes from their quiet, undramatic sense of 
service to others, whether members of their faith or not. 

They express this belief in the action of such projects 
as the service farm, operated by the Brethren Service Com- 
mission. The only one sponsored by the church in Texas, it 
is a link in a chain of such projects in the United States and 
abroad. 

The young men and women, usually of college age, who 
work the farm volunteer for one or two years of service. They 
sell the eggs from the chickens they raise and the milk from 
their dairy herd to support, among other programs, their free 
kindergarten for area families, a well-baby chnic planned 
last fall and nondenominational Bible classes on Sunday 
evening. 

The farm is a nonprofit organization. The volunteers 
receive $10 a month their first year and $15 a month if they 

by Madeleine Greene 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



They teach and serve others on project 




The girls who are in the volunteer 
program do the washing, cooking, 
and cleaning. Drying dishes are (left 
to right) Betty Yoder, Patricia 
Moneyheffer, and EUie Chierchio 



stay a second year. They come 
from all over this country and 
Canada. Some are from farms 
and rural communities; others 
are city children who have 
scarcely seen a cow before. 

The Yoders met on the farm. 
Betty had lived for several years 
in Falfurrias before volunteer- 
ing for the service project as a 
kindergarten teacher. Jerry was 
a city boy from Dayton, Ohio. 
But like the five boys now at the 
farm, it did not take him long 
to learn to drive a tractor. "The 
'old hands' are pretty good 
about showing the new boys 
the ropes," he said. 

Even for boys reared on a 
farm, Texas ranching is vast- 
ly different from midwestem 
wheat farming or cultivating 
the rollings hills of Pennsyl- 
vania. "The five acres we 
worked at home wouldn't even 
be called a farm down here," 
said one young man from Bris- 
tol, Ind. 

While Jerry was out break- 
ing in his tractor, Betty was up 
at dawn to help in the kitchen. 
The volunteers live in the two- 
story unit house with their 
"house parents," the farm man- 
ager and his wife. The boys 
room on the second floor, the 
girls on the first. 

The three girls presently at 
the project do all the cooking, 
cleaning and washing for the 
group of youthful volunteers. 
They alternate, spending a week 
at each chore. "I had never 
cooked before when I arrived," 
said a pretty, brown-haired girl 
as she competently maneu- 
vered a pot of boiling macaroni 
off the stove. 

Breakfast at the farm is at 7 
a.m. The boys, up at 4 a.m., 
come in from the fields at the 
clanging sound of an iron tri- 



angle. After breakfast comes a 
devotional period followed by 
a "business" session. 

Under the leadership of the 
Rev. Archie L. Patrick, pastor of 
the church and director of the 
farm, the volunteers discuss any 
changes to be made in the 
routine and receive their work 
assignments. Then they go to 
their jobs. 

For Betty, until she and Jerry 
recently moved to their own 
home, this meant boarding one 
of the farm's buses to pick up 
"her" children and bring them 
back to school. Now one of the 
girls at the farm rides the bus. 
One or two of the boys act as 
drivers. 

From 8:30 to 11 a.m. Betty, 
assisted by two of the volun- 
teers at the farm, is absorbed by 
the kindergartners. The chil- 
dren are divided according to 
their ability to speak Enghsh. 
"For those who don't speak 
English, most of the time is 
devoted to teaching them lan- 
guage, using pictures and con- 
versation. Those who speak 
English are introduced to pre- 
first grade reading and arithme- 
tic," Betty Yoder said. 

In her quiet way, she does 
more than teach the children. 
She gives them a special identi- 
ty of their own. On birthdays 
she even bakes the birthday 
child a cake. "Some of them 
have never seen a cake with 
candles. Their eyes just spar- 
kle. It's really a happy occasion 
for them," she said, her own 
eyes lighting. 

Children who come to school 
barefoot go home with shoes on 
their feet — thanks to their 
teacher or one of her assistants 
on the project. But the "gift" is 
never mentioned, never talked 
about. 



Betty Yoder teaches Spanish-speaking children English in the kindergarten 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



They work with community's youth 




William Kline, Jerry Yoder, Vernon 
Ludvvig (back to front) feed the 
chickens and gather the eggs, the 
sale of which helps support the well- 
baby clinic and the kindergarten 



At the end of the morning, 
which includes a recreation 
period and break for refresh- 
ments, the teacher and her as- 
sistants ride home with the 
children on the buses. 

Lunchtime at the farm is a 
gay meal. Mingled with the 
more serious discussion of the 
morning's work or a problem 
that has arisen or a project in 
the offing is the happy teasing 
banter inevitable when a group 
of nineteen and twenty-year- 
olds gather. 

After lunch comes a lull. The 
early risers may nap. The girls 
start dinner and heat the iron 
for the piles of clean clothes. 
One of the boys may go out to 
repair the tennis court; another 
to mow the grass; and still an- 
other to deliver some eggs. 

On Monday evenings two of 
the boys sponsor a Boy Scout 
troop. Others coached a Little 
League team last summer. Last 
fall they organized and taught 
classes on safety on the farm — 
sharing knowledge they learned 
from a county agent. 

On Wednesday nights there 
are Bible classes open to 
nonmembers of the church. 
Driving the farm buses, the 
volunteers pick up anyone in- 
terested and return him. 

During the winter, every 
other Thursday night the young 
volunteers help with the youth 
organization. They seem to 
have almost immediate com- 
munication with the teen-agers 
in the community and quickly 
involve themselves with their 
way of life, making them their 
friends. 

The volunteers attend regular 
Sunday worship services and 
Sunday school and have non- 
denominational Bible classes 



Sunday night. There are two 
kindergarten groups, one taught 
in Spanish, the other in English. 

Many winter evenings are 
spent on "visitations." "Our 
young people visit in the homes 
and encourage the famiHes in 
any area in which they see a 
need," Mr. Patrick said. 

Whenever disaster, accident, 
or sickness strikes, the volun- 
teers are prompt to offer their 
services. They may patch up a 
house or travel to Galveston to 
help clean up hurricane dam- 
age. 

All is not work, however. 
Saturdays bring shopping trips 
to toviTi. Free nights mean ex- 
cursions to the ball park and, 
once in a while, a movie. And 
a weekend afternoon may see 
the group off on a picnic to the 
King Ranch. 

The Church of the Brethren 
originated in Germany in 1708. 
Members first came to America 
in 1719, setthng in German- 
town, Pa. The Brethren came to 
Texas about 1900 and to Fal- 
furrias in 1926. Seeing a need 
for service work among the 
Spanish-speaking population in 
the area, the church later estab- 
lished the service farm. 

"It is our rehabilitation and 
service program which makes 
us different from other denomi- 
nations," Mr. Patrick said. "Our 
work is not only for members of 
our denomination but to take 
care of all humanity's needs. 
We have a relief program in 
Europe although we have no 
churches there. 

"The Heifers-for-Relief pro- 
gram originated in our denomi- 
nation. Our fann here is a 
process place for an interde- 
nominational relief program 

Continued on page 15 



It is milking time and Donald Anderson (kneeling) prepares to hook up 
the electric milker while Jerry Yoder (center) and Jeff Simmons look on 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



r^,Avwyfl,™^^vW^fi«y<'^^:^'Tp^oj^ >"•' 




PART I 



The 



Church 



and the 



Soviet Union 



by Norman J. Baugher 



Christians are coiled upon to seize opportunities 
to build bridges of understanding and reconcilia- 
tion between themselves and their churches as 
well as between nations. En route to the New 
Delhi Assembly of the World Council of Churches, 
my wife and I took the opportunity to visit 
Moscow, Russia, for the purpose of gaining a 
modest firsthand knowledge of the churches and 
of church life in the Soviet Union. We spent 
three intensive days in interviews with representa- 
tives of the Orthodox Church of Russia and visit- 
ing several of her institutions; then two days with 
representatives of the Raptist Union of the Soviet 
Union. 

The information which follows is compiled 
from our numerous notes and from recollections 
of interviews. Material is not quoted directly or 
attributed to specific persons although it repre- 
sents a careful effort to give a fair summary of 
replies to our inquiries. The material is presented 
somewhat as if the reader were reviewing our 
private notebook and will be offered in three in- 
stallments: one dealing with the Orthodox Church 
of Russia, another with the Raptist Union of the 
U.S.S.R., and a third with our impressions and 
observations. The two churches studied include 
most of the Christians of Russia, although there 
are also important groups of Armenians and 
Lutherans in parts of Russia on our tour. 



10 



The contacts with the Orthodox Church of 
Russia included, first, a visit to the department 
of foreign relations for a one-hour interview 
with the Reverend Archbishop Nikodim, who 
heads the department's responsibiUty for all ex- 
ternal affairs of his church. Then we went with 
a special guide to the Novo Devisky nunnery 
by invitation of Archbishop Nikodim to witness 
a special mass he observed upon his departure 
for New Delhi as head of their delegation to 
the Assembly. 

We next visited Zagorsk with a representa- 
tive of the department of foreign relations to 
learn of the monastery and ancient churches 
located there and to spend four hours in intimate 
conversation with Director Father Constantine 
of the theological academy where young men 
are trained for both the priesthood and the 
monastic life. 

Following is a summary not of our impres- 
sions and analyses but of our inquiries and an- 
swers received regarding the Orthodox Church 
of Russia: 

Can you tell us something of the life of the 

Orthodox Church of Russia? 

The Orthodox Church has twenty thousand 
parishes in seventy-three dioceses in the Soviet 
Union. There is no registry of communicants 
and, therefore, no accurate record of member- 
ship can be given but estimates place it some 
where between twenty-five and fifty milHons. 

How many priests are there and how are they 

trained? 

There are approximately 35,000 priests. The)^ 
are trained in six church-sponsored institutions 
including four seminaries which give training 
equivalent to high school and two theologica" 
academies which give training equivalent to col- 
lege in the United States. These institution; 
graduate about 300 priests annually. In addi 
tion, men may train for the priesthood b) 
correspondence courses. The total number o 
new priests each year is about one thousand. 



Do you have an adequate supply of priests arte 
how do the people regard them? 
There is a shortage of well-trained priest 
but no shortage if we count all the untrainec 
priests. There is an encouraging trend of younj 
men entering the priesthood. The older peopL 
feel that young priests indicate the spark o 
faith is being kept ahve. 

GOSPEL MESSENGE) 



The Revolution occurred in Russia in 1917. How 
do you compare pre-Revolution training for 
the priesthood with post-Revolution train- 
ing? 

Before the Revolution the clergy was a very 
privileged class. Special training was provided 
by the church for the children of the clergy. 
Often candidates for the priesthood were simply 
pursuing the easiest road to a privileged status. 
The clergy as a whole was really badly educated 
and often wrongly motivated. Since the Revo- 
lution the clergy are in no privileged position. 
One must truly wish to serve God and the church 
to enter the priesthood. Whereas the state once 
encouraged the priesthood, now it tends to dis- 
courage this calling. 

Are any limitations placed by the state on theo- 
logical training? 

Theological education is free and without 
limitation except that it shall not teach inter- 
ference with state political aflFairs which would 
violate the separation of church and state. 

What role do women play in the life of the 

church? 

While it is recognized that in some denomi- 
nations women are being ordained to the min- 
istry, this is not true in the Orthodox Church of 
Russia. There are no deaconesses, although 
women render considerable service through 
choir participation, caring for certain physical 
arrangements for the administration of the sacra- 
ments, financial management of parishes, elec- 
tion to ofiices in the diocese, and in entering 
upon the ascetic Hfe of a nunnery. 

Wliat program is there for children and young 

people? 

All training must take place in the church 
building. The training is principally through 
instructions in the sermon and in confirmation. 
From such instructions the mystical relationship 
with God is nurtured. This is more important 
than formal, classroom teaching. The primary 
task of the church is to nurture a man's spiritual 
relationship with God and the principal avenues 
of such nurture are worship, confirmation, and 
the administration of the sacraments. 

How is the rite of baptism administered? 

The Orthodox Church of Russia baptizes in- 
fants and older applicants for membership by 
trine immersion in the name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Baptism is 
followed by confirmation at the age of account- 
ability. Upon learning of the mode of baptism 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



practiced by the Church of the Brethren, it was 
stated that the trinitarian immersionist mode of 
baptism is the oldest known to Christendom. 
The further observation was made that a person 
immersed three times in another church could 
be admitted to membership in the Orthodox 
Church without rebaptism but by being anoint- 
ed with oil. 

What is the central meaning of holy commun- 
ion? 

The bread and wine become miraculously 
the actual body and blood of Jesus Christ in the 
holy communion. They are the actual sacrifice 
in death made by the Lord. The bread and 
wine are administered simultaneously by the 
priest to the communicant from a common 
chalice. This discussion included description of 
the Church of the Brethren love feast and con- 
siderable interest was manifested in the practice 
of feet-washing. The head of the Orthodox 
Church of Russia is the Patriarch. Biennially he 




Religious News Service 

Archbishop Nicodim, head of the foreign affairs depart- 
ment of the Moscow Patriarchate, led the sixteen-man 
delegation from the Russian Orthodox Church, which was 
admitted to membership at the World Council Assembly 

11 



washes the feet of the bishops on Holy Thurs- 
day before Easter and at times the rite is prac- 
ticed in monasteries. 

T)oes the Orthodox Church of Russia share a 

concern for peace and understanding in the 

world? Could it consider 'participation in 

any type of pint exchange work or peace 

seminars for these ends? 

Students from other countries are attending 

Orthodox theological academies but these are 

from within the faith and not from outside the 

faith. Bishop John located in Germany would 

welcome a contact on behalf of a peace institute 

and would have the authority to cooperate in 

such a program. Anything which will further 

the cause of peace is important, although much 

tension exists between certain governments. 

What can the churches do to help prevent war 

and build peace? 

The church can do many, many things for 
peace. Preach peace. Teach the spirit of peace. 
People must be taught to yearn for peace. An 
interview with Albert Schweitzer was mentioned 
in which the interviewer asked the famous mis- 
sionary whether the church should be concerned 
for peace. Schweitzer responded by asking, "If 
Jesus were here, would he be concerned with 
peace?" The conclusion seemed obvious that 
Jesus would be concerned greatly and would ex- 
pect everyone of his followers to be concerned. 




Religious News Service 

The delegation from the Russian Orthodox Church leaves 
the assembly hall in New Delhi, India, to participate in 
the opening procession of the World Council Assembly 

12 



What relationship exists between the church 

and the state? 

The first fact is that the Revolution of 1917 
decreed the separation of church and state. 
There was to be no state church, a status the 
Orthodox Church of Russia had been enjoying. 
The separation meant among other things that 
the church was to have sole authority over mat- 
ters of its ovvTi internal affairs. 

A second important distinction is in regard 
to the Communist party, which is now the politi- 
cal party in power governing the state. The 
Communist party is atheistic and antireligious 
and puts forth constant teaching and propa- 
ganda disavowing religion. Though the Com- 
munist party members governing the state are 
not supposed to interfere with the church, they 
sometimes forget this Hmitation in their govern- 
ment functions. At such times the church must 
declare and defend her rights of separation from 
the state. The state is expected not to interfere 
with the internal affairs of the church and con- 
versely the church should not attempt to influ- 
ence the affairs of the state. 

What is the general attitude of the church 
toward the social effort in the Soviet Union? 
The tremendous economic achievements are 
very good. Before the Revolution the Russian 
people were terribly poor and illiterate. They 
were an agrarian people. Now there is food, 
there are schools, and there are jobs. The nation 
is industrialized. The country is prosperous. 
Such progress will continue and make even 
greater strides. The church believes the vastly 
improved general welfare of the people under 
communism is right frOm a Christian standpoint. 

Does the church receive any support from the 

state? 

The church is completely self-supporting. 
There are no state funds for the church and 
there are no exemptions or discounts to give the 
church any particular benefit or advantage. All 
of the church's support comes from the members 
of the church. The principal way for members 
to support their church is by purchasing candles 
which are made by the church and sold to her 
members at prices which are recognized by all 
as exorbitant. It represents the way by which 
the individual helps his church. The candles 
are lighted and placed before icons in the sanc- 
tuary as an act of worship. Other support for 
the church comes through regular offerings and 
collections on special feast days. 

Continued on page 15 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 




Communism's 
Greatest Enemy 



by John C. Middlekcmff 



The Spirit of God, working in the 
hearts of men, can overcome communism 



TN A former article I tried 
-*- to make clear that the way 
of life advocated by Karl Marx 
and the way of life taught and 
exemplified by Jesus Christ are 
irreconcilable — and one will 
destroy the other. 

Now in the face of the grave 
dangers which confront us there 
are several things we could do. 
We could close our eyes and 
hope that when we open them 
communism will be gone like 
the little man upon the stairs. 
But communism is a reality in 
our world, and, for the last 
forty years, it has known noth- 
ing but success, growth, in- 
creasing strength. To hope that 
it will fade away is simply un- 
realistic. 

We could declare war on 
Soviet Russia and attempt to 
wipe out communism by force 
of arms, by military tactics, by 
brute force. At least one de- 
nominational monthly magazine 
came close to favoring an im- 
mediate war with Russia. 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



This is hardly in keeping with 
the spirit and teachings of Jesus 
Christ. Unless I totally mis- 
understand the gospel, this 
manner of dealing with our 
enemies does not hannonize 
with the way of the cross, the 
way of sacrificing, reconciling 
love. 

In the second place, it is 
pretty well agreed that in an 
all-out nuclear war, there will be 
no victors, no vanquished, and 
no neutrals left. The major 
parts of this planet will be 
blasted, burned, lifeless rubble. 
Those who do survive will crawl 
out of their fallout shelters to 
find all food and water supplies 
contaminated, no sewage sys- 
tems operating, no electricity, 
no gas, all plant and animal life 
destroyed, all traces of civiliza- 
tion gone, and an earth so radio- 
active that life cannot long 
exist. 

Here and there in obscure 
comers of the earth, a few peo- 
ple might escape but the vast 



majority of the world's people 
would be wiped out together 
with our churches, hospitals, 
colleges, libraries, art museums, 
and productive capacity. Those 
who do manage to survive will 
find themselves in a world more 
hostile than that which our 
cave-dwelling ancestors knew. 

In the third place, ideas can- 
not be destroyed by bombs and 
bullets. We once thought that 
if we could get rid of Mussolini, 
Hitler, and Stalin that every- 
thing would be settled. All 
three are gone but now we ha\'e 
Ulbricht, Khrushchev, Mao Tse- 
tung and Castro. No, we will 
not blast communism oflF the 
earth; it will be destroyed only 
as we remove the conditions 
which breed it: injustice, 
poverty, discrimination, ex- 
ploitation, colonialism, and the 
military mentality — and as we 
substitute a better idea. 

Now in all seriousness I sub- 
mit that there exists in our 
world the better idea that can 



13 



ninnmiiiiiiiiiiiuiiniiiiiniiiuiiiiitininiinnniiiinnnniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 



iiniiiiinniniiiniiniiiiiiniiimiiiiim 



A YEAR IS A DAY 



by Margaret J. Anderson 

A new year is very much like an apartment building where 
all of its three hundred sixty-five rooms have doors electronically 
controlled to open only as they are approached. 

This need not cause alarm. Very few people would want 
any other arrangement. 

The Bible says a single day has aU the trials we can take. 
Are you not glad a year's measure is not lumped into one pile? 

Invariably those who have suffered a great deal for one 
reason or another say that when the going was roughest they 
learned to live just one day, or even one hour, at a time. Some 
people claim they learned to accept hfe in minute spoonfuls. 

Such procedure enables individuals to accompHsh much more 
than they thought possible. For each day has tasks of its own. 
This is life. Automobiles are assembled part by part. Books are 
written a page — no, a sentence at a time. A journey is taken 
mile by mile. A house is built board by board. 

I am confident, that when we learn to break the new year 
into day units we will greet it saying, "This is the year the Lord 
has made; I will rejoice and be glad in it." 



iiiiiiitniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 



iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiimTiiriiiiiiiiniriiiiiinttiiiiiiiiiiii 



replace communism and which, 
if adopted, would remove the 
fertile soil in which communism 
grows. That idea is the gospel 
of Jesus Christ. 

For years we have been bom- 
barded by the assertion that 
Protestants are an easy mark 
for communism, that Protestant 
denominations have been sub- 
jected to alarming infiltration 
and influence by the Commu- 
nists, that some Protestant 
clergymen have become fellow 
travelers. 

Since Protestants do not 
have a central self-publicizing 
headquarters, some of these 
fraudulent claims have gained 
widespread acceptance in our 
world. But the facts are other- 
wise. 

Every fair-minded investiga- 
tion of the charges that Protes- 
tant ministers and Protestant 
denominations are "soft" on 
communism has proved them to 
be false. On February 22 of 
this year. Chief Inspector 
William C. Sullivan of the FBI 

14 



in a speech in Cincinnati said: 
"The truth of the matter is that 
the Communist Party, U.S.A., 
has not achieved any substan- 
tial success in exerting domina- 
tion, control, or influence over 
America's clergymen or reli- 
gious institutions on a national 
scale. There can be no question 
as to the loyalty of the over- 
whelming majority of the Amer- 
ican clergy to our nation and 
the fact that they have been 
among the most consistent and 
vigorous opponents of commu- 
nism." In particular, he labeled 
as a "patent falsehood" that 
communism has infiltrated 
Protestant churches and Protes- 
tant clergymen. 

The charge usually stems 
from the fact that when the 
church and her ministers speak 
out against war, injustice, ex- 
ploitation, and other concerns 
of the church, those who oppose 
these views try to discredit 
those who work for peace, 
goodwill, and brotherhood by 
calling them Communists Thus, 



when a group of Episcopalian 
ministers get arrested in Jack- 
son, Mississippi for trying to 
break down discrimination in 
interstate bus travel, those who 
belong to the Ku-Klux Klan and 
the White Citizens Councils try 
to label them Communists. 

Well, the church has been in 
the forefront of the fight for 
justice, peace, brotherhood, and 
goodwill ever since it came into 
existence, for it has accepted 
the leadership, the lordship, of 
the One who said of his own 
ministry: "The Spirit of the 
Lord is upon me, because he 
has anointed me to preach good 
news to the poor. He has sent 
me to proclaim release to the 
captives and recovering of sight 
to the blind, to set at liberty 
those who are oppressed, to 
proclaim the acceptable year of 
the Lord" (Luke 4:18ff). 

Since Christ is interested in 
the total man, there is not a 
single aspect of his life in which 
he does not have a concern, and 
Christianity has been concerned 
about race relations, poverty, 
peace, freedom, etc., for nearly 
2,000 years while communism 
has talked about some of these 
things for less than 100 years. 

Why has America resisted 
Communist propaganda? Our 
forefathers wrote into our 
Constitution provisions guar- 
anteeing freedom of worship, 
freedom of conscience; the First 
Amendment to the Constitution 
guarantees the separation of 
church and state and prohibits 
tax money for any religious 
groups. And these concepts are 
essentially the Protestant under- 
standing of the relationship be- 
tween church and state. 

Protestant Christianity with 
its emphasis on the Bible has 
insisted upon freedom of con- 
science, freedom of religion, 
civil liberties, and has had a 
deep-seated contempt for all 
kinds of tyranny — especially 
tyranny of the mind and the 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



spirit. Protestantism insists that 
every man must be free to make 
his decisions, to freely give his 
loyalty (to both God and the 
state), to be free of compulsion 
in matters of faith and con- 
science. 

Wherever men enjoy freedom 
of rehgion, freedom of con- 
science, freedom of spirit, there 
commimism runs up against its 
most dangerous and determined 
enemy. 

Protestant Christianity has 
concern for man's body as well 
as his spirit, and thus Christians 
work for the elimination of 
poverty, injustice, disease, dis- 
crimination, exploitation, and 
all the other conditions that 
provide communism with such 
a fertile seedbed. The Christian 
church has sent its missionaries 
into all the comers of the earth 
not only to save men's souls but 
to educate their minds, heal 
their bodies, feed their stom- 
achs, etc., helping them to 
enjoy the good things of this 
life. 



Protestant Christianity has 
more basic concerns than just 
getting people to come to 
church. Those of us who walk 
in the footsteps of Tyndale, 
Huss, Wycliffe, Luther, Wesley, 
Williams, and Mack are con- 
cerned about a spirit, a loyalty, 
a commitment, a way of life 
that is Christlike, that is scrip- 
turally sound. We believe that 
the Spirit of God, working in 
the free minds and hearts of 
men, will produce a climate that 
will smother an atheistic, ma- 
terialistic communism and pro- 
duce God's kingdom on earth. 

Protestant Christianity is 
communism's greatest enemy. 
"Now the Lord is the Spirit, 
and where the Spirit of the 
Lord is, there is freedom" (2 
Cor. 3:17). 

Young Brethren Fanners 

Continued from page 8 

which sends animals to Mexico 
to various churches there." 
The permanent congregation 



of the Church of the Brethren 
at Falfurrias has grown from a 
few church leaders to 143 mem- 
bers. Seventy-five per cent are 
Latin American. 

The minimum age for the 
volunteers on the farm, mem- 
bers of the Brethren Volunteer 
Service, is nineteen. They take 
a two-month training course at 
New Windsor, Maryland. The 
classes cover such fields as 
Bible and basic beliefs, chil- 
dren's and youth club work, 
social problems, recreation, in- 
tercultural relations, and paci- 
fism. 

Reprinted by permission from 
the Corpus Christi Caller-Times 



No Marxist concept of human so- 
ciety and life can do away with the 
fact that there are still a lot of trage- 
dies to be faced. There wiU be sin, 
guilt, and failure, even though every- 
one is a Marxist. The fate of the 
world is not decided in Moscow, 
Washington, or Berlin, but before the 
throne of God. — Bishop Hanns Lilje, 
chairman of the United Evangelical 
Lutheran Church of Germany. 



The Church and the Soviet Union 

Continued from page 12 

Are new churches being built? 

New churches are being built in many vil- 
lages but the number was not given. Since all 
property belongs to the state, church proper- 
ties per se are state ov\med. Permission must be 
granted by the state to allocate materials to build 
a church, although thereafter it may be en- 
larged without further permission. The state 
pays for the construction of the building. Since 
in the Revolution all church property was seized 
by the state, it seems only fair that now the state 
finance any new construction. 

How do you describe the quality of religious 

faith among the people? 

With the passing of a state church and with 
the separation of the church from the state, the 
church's life and continuation has depended en- 
tirely upon the Spirit of God in the lives of the 
people. There is now a readiness to demonstrate 
religion more. Ostentation is passing. The 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



churches do not offer any comfort or security 
or acceptance. Yet people attend, they take com- 
munion, and they give generously. Greater sin- 
cerity of religious faith exists now than before 
the Revolution. It is not tme that there are 
only old people in the churches whose faith has 
survived since pre-Re volution days. Anyone 
who is now fifty years old has had his faith 
nurtured since the Revolution, and millions are 
much younger than this. The church has never 
been more vital or faithful in the history of 
Russia. 

What is the Orthodox Church's understanding 
of the "oneness" being sought in the ecu- 
menical movement? 

This problem was faced for the first time at 
New DeUii and is soon to be answered. But the 
foundation must be an understanding of com- 
mon principles and a common pra)'er. Adora- 
tion and worship of God are primar\' for the 
believer, and it should be possible to make 
common prayer together to the One in whom 
unity exists. 

15 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



W. Harold Row, Graydon Snyder, Lee Whipple and 
Leland Wilson will participate in a TV panel discussing 
"Are Neighbors Obsolete?" Chicago area viewers may 
turn to station WNBQ at 9:00 a.m. Sunday, January 7. 

Andrew Holderreed, who was seriously injured in a 
fall in November, is steadily recovering. He had hoped 
to be in his home in Poona, India, by Christmastime. 
Your continued prayers on his behalf are requested. 

During the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity, 
Jan. 18-25, Christians in more than fifty countries will 
ofiFer prayer for the division which separates them. 
The theme selected by the Faith and Order Commission 
of the World Council of Churches is "I am in the 
midst of you as one who sei-ves" (Luke 22:27). 

There were fifty-five new congregations organized 
in the five-year period, Oct. 1, 1956, to Sept. 30, 1961. 
This is one more than was reported in the recently 
produced folder, Thanks to You. Omitted from that 
folder was the Tucson church, organized October 1956; 
Brotherhood support for the church began in 1960. 
Dean M. Miller is pastor. 

Plans for the new campus of Bethany Biblical 
Seminary were released to prospective bidders on Janu- 
ary 1. The bids will be received February 1 and, 
if the bids are favorable, groundbreaking will proceed 
soon thereafter for all or part of the new development. 

John Barwick is conducting a party on a seven- 
week cruise of the Mediterranean. They plan to be 
in Rome for Palm Sunday in the morning and in Athens 
in the afternoon. Easter week will be spent in the Holy 
Land. Others who might be interested should contact 
him at the Colonial Hotel, York, Pa. 

Ron Rowland, recording secretary of the General 
Council of Men's Fellowship, recently reported on the 
German Kirchentag to the annual meeting of United 
Church Men, held in Toronto, Canada, the first week 
in November. The Kirchentag is a lay gathering of over 
100,000 persons held annually. It grew very rapidly 
following World War II. Brother Rowland was sent 
as the official representative of United Church Men. 

The Eastern Region and its five districts will be hosts 
during two weekends of January to a series of interpre- 
tation meetings. Especially invited are pastors, church 
board chairmen, treasurers, ministerial and finance 
board members. Gospel Messenger correspondents. Gos- 
pel Messenger and Leader subscription representatives, 
church school secretaries, newsletter editors, and di- 
rectors of interpretation. Guest leaders will be Kenneth 
I. Morse, Howard E. Royer, Harl L. Russell, Revie 
Slaubaugh, and Leland Wilson. Host churches include: 
North Atlantic District, Jan. 12, Coventry, Pottstown, 
5:30 p.m.; Eastern Pennsylvania, Jan. 13, Bareville, 
10:15 a.m., and Annville, 6 p.m.; Southern Pennsylvania, 
Jan. 14, Shippensburg, 2:30 p.m., and First, York, 5:30 
p.m.; Middle Pennsylvania, Jan. 19, Burnham, 6 p.m., 
and Jan. 20, Twenty-eighth Street, Altoona, 10 a.m.; 
Western Pennsylvania, Jan. 20, Mt. Pleasant, 2 p.m., 
and Jan. 21, Walnut Grove, Johnstown, 2:30 p.m. 
16 



Cuban refugees need resettlement opportunities. 
There are 70,000 Cuban refugees in camps in Florida 
who need sponsors. In the faith that Brethren will re- 
spond to this need, some refugees have been received 
at the Brethren Service Center in New Windsor to 
await resettlement. For information write to Immigra- 
tion Services, Brethren Service Center, New Windsor, 
Md. 



Seminar Registration Deadlines 

Brethren Youth Seminar, Feb. 4-9, 1962. Registration 
due by Jan. 15, 1962. 

Brethren Adult Seminar, March 4-9, 1962. Registration 
due by Feb. 12, 1962. 



Bethany Names Three to Faculty 

Three faculty appointments were announced in mid- 
December by President Paul M. Robinson of Bethany 
Biblical Seminary, effective next fall. Dale W. Brown, 
presently at McPherson College, wUl teach in the semi- 
nary's department of theology, succeeding William M. 
Beahm, who is retiring. Donald F. Dumbaugh, now 
at Juniata College, will teach in the department of 
church history, succeeding Floyd E. Mallott, who also 
is retiring. Marlin Heckman, a graduate student in li- 
brary science, will become librarian succeeding Miss 
Carrie Simmers, who will become associate librarian. 

Ruth Early Named Washington Representative 

Ruth Early, former director of immigration services, 
has been appointed Washington representative for the 
Church of the Brethren, beginning Jan. 1. She will serve 
in the new capacity half-time, located in the Washington 
ofiice of the National Council of Churches. She will 
continue half-time also as associate secretary of the 
National Service Board for Religious Objectors. 

As Washington representative. Miss Early will facili- 
tate Brethren witness on legislative matters, keep congre- 
gations advised of current developments in government, 
and help arrange annual seminars for Brethren youth 
and adults. 



The Church Calendar 
January 7 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: Laws for Living. Ex. 32; 34; 
Deut. 5:1-21; Matt. 5:1-20. Memory Selection: Think 
not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; 
I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. 
Matt. 5:17 (R.S.V.) 

Jan. 7-14 Universal Week of Prayer 

Jan. 12-14 General Services and Finance Commission con- 
ferences in Eastern Region 

Jan. 19-21 General Services and Finance Commission con- 
ferences in Eastern Region 

Jan. 21-28 Church and Economic Life Week 

Jan. 28 - Feb. 4 Youth Week 

Feb. 4-9 Youth Seminar, Washington and New York 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



Wi\, 



" 'MlllSi 



;@[Kl@@[L 



OUR VILLAGE 





LIFE in Kulp Bible School 
village begins early in the 
morning. By daylight the men 
have eaten a handful of cold food, 
shouldered their hoes or hitched 
up a team of oxen and are on their 
way to the farms. 

The women are stirring around 
the compound, bringing water, 
sweeping, or grinding flour for the 
morning meal. Promptly at 7:00 
they are in the classroom, studying 
reading, writing, Bible, or other 
subjects until 8:00. After their 
morning class they will hurry 
home to cook the morning meal 
for their families. 

At about 10:00 or shortly before, 
the men come in from the fields, 
clean up and eat breakfast, then go 
off for their turn in the classroom. 
They begin each day with chapel, 
followed by Bible and related 
courses, and agricultural courses. 

The women take up in the fields 
where the men left off. They 
spend the day hoeing, stopping 
briefly to nurse the baby or 
gather leaves for the soup for sup- 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



per, and return to their com- 
pounds about 3:30. As they come 
in from the fields, they meet their 
husbands going back to the farms, 
since their classes finish at 3:30. 

The women quickly wash them- 
selves, change their clothes, and 
appear in the classroom again to 
spend the hour from 4:00 to 5:00 
studying. Then the women keep 
busy until dark, drawing water 
again, grinding, or hoeing in their 
okra and bean kitchen gardens, 
and cooking supper. After supper 
the school building is lighted with 
electricity and the men return 
there to study their lessons for the 
next day. At 10:00 the generator 
is stopped, the lights go out, and 
the men return to their com- 
pounds and another day is ended 
in the Bible school village. 

As the moon rises over the scene 
it glints from the metal roof of the 
school and reflects palely from the 
white cement sides of the water 
tank rising up fourteen feet. The 
village slumbers peacefully, with 
only the tiny crackling of a small 



fire in an occasional compound to 
break the stillness of the African 
night. The village looks neat and 
orderly, for this is a "model vil- 
lage" built on a uniform pattern. 

The village is laid out along 
five cross streets, with a wide main 
street dividing it in half from east 
to west. The large main street is 
named after the principal river of 
Nigeria, and so is called Niger 
Avenue. The cross streets are 
named after other African rivers: 
Benue, Hawal, Yedseram, Gong- 
gola, and Nile. Naming was done 
by the students. 

Each compound is fifty feet 
square and contains a round mud 
house for cooking and a rectangu- 
lar mud house, twelve by twenty- 
two feet with two rooms. All the 
houses are thatched with grass. 
Since there was insufficient money 
to buy grass mats to fence the 
compounds, the students under- 
took to do tliis work themselves. 
The women spent days carrying 
in cornstalks, which the men then 
tied up into compound fences, 

17 



thus giving themselves some pri- 
vacy, and greatly improving the 
appearance of the village. 

Behind each compound is a 
vegetable garden of the same size 
as the compound. The compounds 
are laid out on a checkerboard 
pattern, so that each compound is 
faced on three sides by garden, 
and on the front by a street. This 
also increases privacy. Each stu- 
dent has dug a latrine in his com- 
pound, and if he wishes to keep 
chickens or ducks, he must have 
them adequately fenced and 
housed. 

At present there are a total of 
twenty-five famihes or nearly one 
hundred persons living in the 
Bible school village. All building 
has been paid for by the Nigerian 
Church. It is devoutly hoped that 
there will be sufficient funds to 
double the size of oiu: village and 
take in an additional class next 
year. 

In their vegetable gardens, the 
students have planted various 
kinds of vegetables, leaning heavi- 
ly toward tomatoes, sweet corn, 
carrots, and peppers, but also 
planting other kinds of new veg- 
etables to try them. They have 
planted zinnias, marigolds, and 
balsam at their doorways and 
around the houses inside the com- 
pound walls. 

The village is organized govern- 
mentally into four "zones," each 
having its chief, with one village 
head over all. The chiefs were 
chosen by vote, and the students 
showed wisdom in the selection of 
their village head, in choosing an 
older man with a family, a li- 
censed minister, one who has had 
twelve years of experience as an 
evangelist in an outlying village. 

Problems within the "zone" are 
settled, if possible, by the chief of 
the zone, but if he feels he cannot 
settle it, it is taken to the village 
head and his council of the foiu: 
zone chiefs. Thus the village 
problems are handled; the school 
problems are handled by the prin- 
cipal of the Bible school. 

The women are also organized 
among themselves so that they can 
be more efficient in their activi- 
ties of grinding and carrying water 

18 




The man in the dugout canoe awaits his passengers at the crossing 
of the Benue River near Yola. The motor ferry is at the other bank 



for those women who are sick or 
who have a new baby. 

There is also a dispenser 
who dispenses aspirin, anti- 
malarial medicine, eye drops, 
diarrhea mixture, etc., morning 
and evening for the lesser ills of 
the community. Serious illnesses 
or emergencies are taken either to 
the government hospital in Mubi 
(twelve miles away) or the mis- 
sion hospital in Lassa (thirty-five 
miles distant). 

On Sunday morning the entire 



village, and other worshipers from 
the surrounding area, gather for 
Sunday school and church. In the 
early afternoon the men sit under 
the village council tree and chat, 
and frequently the women take 
the children for a walk. Soon the 
men will begin their Sunday after- 
noon preaching in nearby villages. 
A day at the Bible school is 
often long and exhausting, but it 
provides occasions for joy and op- 
portunities for learning to live in 
a Christian community. 



At 105 Years 

Retired Minister Sees 

Hope for Peace 



H "I have lived to see one great 
wonderful change in my lifetime. 
For a century I watched nations 
train young men to kill and to make 
war, and now, on my 105th birthday, 
I am heartened because my own 
country and others are beginning to 
train young men for peace." 

The words were those of Dr. 
Arthur Judson Brown, retired Pres- 
byterian minister and missions ex- 
ecutive, as he was interviewed by 
Religious News Service on his birth- 
day. Still active, an avid reader, he 
is an ofiBcer of the Coimcil on Re- 
ligion and International Affairs, 



formerly known as the Church Peace 
Union. 

His reference to training young 
men for peace (the Peace Corps) per- 
haps best typifies the hopes of Dr. 
Brown. His first personal tragedy 
came from war (his father was killed 
in the Civil War when he was only 
eight years old) and his daily news- 
paper now carries headlines of a 
world seemingly on the brink of 
another conflict. 

"It is hard not to feel oppressed 
and depressed in these times," he 
said. "I have watched the same 
evil forces at work in the world in 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



the last ten years that caused all the 
wars of my lifetime, but this time I 
think they will fail. Public sentiment 
has prevented war so far, and right- 
eous public sentiment can prevent 
all wars." 

The elderly minister said he be- 
lieved the country should support 
every eflFort made by the President 
that will bring peace and prevent 
wars. His other advice? "Be of good 
cheer and have faith in God." 

Is there more evil in the world 
than when Dr. Brown started out in 
Wisconsin as a young minister in 
1883? "It just seems so," he said. 
"We have the same evils of Babylon 
and Tyre. They are pretty much 
xmchanged. Science has made the 
evil man more valuable to evil; his 
thoughts and his actions are trans- 
mitted so rapidly around the world. 
But I say this. The forces of right- 
eousness are stronger now than when 
I was a young man, they are stronger 
than they were only a year ago and 
they will always grow stronger to 
counter the forces of evil." 

Dr. Brown played a leading role 
in early ecumenical conferences 
which eventually led to the forma- 
tion of the World Council of 
Churches at Amsterdam, the Nether- 
lands, in 1948. 

On his birthday. Dr. Brovm was 
honored at a party given at the Inter- 
church Center here by the United 
Presbyterian Church's Commission 
on Ecumenical Mission and Rela- 
tions. He is the commission's secre- 
tary-emeritus and served as secretary 
of its predecessor, the Presbyterian 
Board of Foreign Missions, for 34 
years before mandatory retirement 
in 1929. 

Dr. Brown is the oldest living 
elector of New York University's 
Hall of Fame (some of his votes went 
to Booker T. Washington, Thomas 
Alva Edison, and Woodrow Wilson) 
and he is the author of 16 books on 
missions. He is the only living 
charter member of the Council on 
Religion and International Affairs, 
which was formed as the intercreedal 
Church Peace Union by Andrew 
Carnegie in 1914. 

Bom in 1856 at Holliston, Mass., 
he was educated at Lane Theologi- 
cal Seminary at Cincinnati, Ohio. He 
was a Presbyterian pastor in Wiscon- 
sin, Illinois and Oregon before mov- 
ing to the First Presbyterian church 
here in 1895. — Religious News 
Service. 

JANUARY 6. 1962 




Roy McAuley-CoUege President 

■ On a lonely stretch of road in Kansas some 
years ago a man scurried from the cab of a 
truck, pulled some surveyor's equipment from 
the back of the vehicle, set it up with hasty 
proficiency, and then stepped aside to allow 
his boss to get on with the job at hand. As the 
young fellow later described it, he was an 
"engineer's flunky." 

On October 28, 1961, that same young 
man moved quietly to the chancel of the 
Elizabethtown church, Pa., where he was 
formally inaugurated as the ninth president of 
Elizabethtown College. 

He is Roy Edwin McAuley, now forty 
years old. And, since he gave up his "flunky" 
duties, he has successfully aligned two 
careers: the ministry and higher education. 
After stowing away that engineering equip- 
ment, he went on to earn degrees at McPherson College (B.S., 1944), 
Bethany Seminary (B.D., 1946), the University of Omaha (xM.A., 1949), 
and the University of Denver (Ed.D., 1955). 

A minister ordained by the Church of the Brethren, Brother McAuley 
served several congregations as pastor prior to devoting his major efforts to 
college teaching and administration. 

During the week prior to his inauguration as president of Elizabethtown 
College, a reporter from an area newspaper interviewed Dr. McAuley "to 
see what makes him tick." 

The newsman came away impressed by several basic components of 
Dr. McAuley 's personality. In the reporter's words: "The guy is really 
sincere in what he believes. He talked about the great potential the college 
has, and I know he wasn't simply mouthing platitudes. He answered every- 
thing I asked him, but he tended to weigh his words carefully. He's got a 
good sense of humor, too. He'll do all right, believe me." 

Dr. McAuley is a great believer in proper communication by college 
personnel, both on and off the campus. One of the first acts of his ad- 
ministration involved contacting representatives of the faculty, alumni, com- 
munity, student body, and the Church of the Brethren to outline his general 
program and solicit their views on the role of the college. Out of these and 
other contacts will come a long-range plan to guide the development and 
course of the college over the next ten to twenty years. 

His general philosophy as president of the college was outlined in his 
acceptance address at the inauguration. He said: "It is on the basis of 
three premises that 1 accept this ofiice. First of all, there is a great need for 
higher education projected within the Christian context. Secondly, there 
is a- place for this higher education within the Church of the Brethren. And 
thirdly, there is a continuing need for the liberal arts kind of education." 

Dr. McAuley married the former Arlene Nicholson in 1943. And, as 
he is quick to explain, she did much to help him gain his higher education. 
The McAuley household is rounded out by three children: Arthur V., 
sixteen; Mark R., fourteen; and Anne C, nine. 



Our grandfathers could wait for a twice-a-week stagecoach 
without running a temperature; modern man gets mad if he misses 
one section of a revolving door. Life is gulped down, not savored. 
The only new vice of the past three hundred years is the breathless 
blasphemy of speed. Pascal's profound word is considered mere 
gibberish: "The unhappiness of mankind is due to one thing, we 
have not the wisdom to remain in tranquility at home." 

James W. Clarke in Dynamic Preaching 
(Fleming H. Revell Company) 



19 



Form New Congregation 



Moyne Landis (second from left), pastor 
of the Columbia City congregation, 
with the ministerial committee, from 
left. Glen Frank, Paul and Wayland 
Zumbrun 




► ON SEPTEMBER 24, 1961, 
seventy-eight charter members gave 
birth to a new Church of the Breth- 
ren congregation in Columbia City, 
Ind., a city of some five thousand 
persons, located on U.S. 30 about 
twenty miles northwest of Fort 
Wayne. 

Galen B. Ogden, the Brotherhood 
secretary of the Ministry and Home 
Mission Commission, and Mark 
Schrock, the district executive secre- 
tary of Northern Indiana, were the 
guest speakers for the day. Many 
interested Brethren and others from 
the area joined the local group in 
celebrating the occasion. 

Although the chartering ceremony 
followed a quick succession of de- 
velopments during recent months, 
the Brethren had been looking for- 
ward to the organization of a new 
congregatioH in Columbia City for 



many years. 

The present development is unique 
in that the new nucleus has de- 
veloped to this point without finan- 
cial assistance from either the district 
or the Brotherhood. At the same 
time it has included both the district 
and Brotherhood in its budget. 

The fellowship rented, with option 
to purchase, a church house recently 
vacated by another denomination. 
For a pastor they secured the services 
of Moyne Landis, a retired pastor 
and former district executive secre- 
tary of Southern Ohio. Services have 
been conducted regularly since May 
7 when ninety-four persons were 
present for the church school and 
one hundred ten for morning wor- 
ship. 

The present movement started in 
earnest on April 29, 1960, when aft- 
er much prayer and conversation 



among the Brethren living in the 
area, thirty-nine persons met to dis- 
cuss the possibility of starting a new 
church. At this meeting which was 
directed by Galen Whitehead, chair- 
man of the Northern Indiana ministry 
and church extension commission, a 
committee was elected to pursue the 
possibilities of organizing a new 
congregation. 

This committee, consisting of 
Hugh Frank, Glen Frank, Gerald 
Hively, David Krall, Chester Perry, 
Jack Rex, Milton Schubert, Russell 
Sherman, and Paul Zumbrun, met 
three weeks later and formulated a 
questionnaire to be sent to persons 
likely to be interested. Included 
were questions such as these: Do 
you believe a Church of the Brethren 
should be located in the Columbia 
City area? In what ways would you 
be willing to support a new church, 



Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
ily constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
church libraries are marked with an asterisk ( * ) . — Editor. 



Animals That Clothe Us. Irene 
Butler Englebert. Sterling, 1960. 
48 pages. $2.25. 

An interesting and comprehensive 
story of the animals — from silkworm 
to egret — that have provided the 
materials which are used to make 
clothing for man. It is well-illus- 
trated with clear, small print. Sug- 
gested by publisher for ages six to 
20 



twelve, but more suitable for ages 
nine to fifteen. — E. Louise Larick, 
La Verne, Calif. 

A Hard Look at Adult Christian 
Education. John R. Fiy. West- 
minster, 1961. 150 pages. $3.50. 

The thesis of this book is that 
adult education as it exists in Protes- 
tant churches today needs revision 



largely because its goals are neither 
basic nor realistic. 

The author claims that goals are 
not basic because they point to 
church education rather than to 
Christian education. They are not 
realistic because they are not and 
cannot be reached. 

Mr. Fry also feels that small 
groups are failing in many places 
because they fail to reach the per- 
sonal problems of the members or 
enlist general participation, or they 
deviate into discussions of almost! 
anything. 

The author posits that "what is ' 
GOSPEL MESSENGER 




by prayer, through regular attend- 
ance, as a church worker, by giving 
financial assistance? In what other 
ways? 

Twenty-three questionnaires were 
returned to the committee with the 
following results: Nineteen families 
were in favor of a Church of the 
Brethren in Columbia City, two were 
not in favor, and two were undecid- 
ed. Also, on the questionnaire it was 
indicated that nineteen would sup- 
port the church by prayer, nineteen 
as church workers, and sixteen 
through financial assistance. The 
survey revealed that forty-one adults 
and forty-five children could be ex- 
pected to attend regularly. 

Greater interest was added when 
the Church of God in Columbia City 
asked the Brethren if they would be 
interested in purchasing their old 
building, since they had outgrown 



their facilities and were planning to 
relocate at the north edge of the 
city. At this point Merlin Clark, a 
Brethren sociologist from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago who has had 
considerable experience in helping 
various denominations locate new 
church sites, was called in to survey 
the city and make recommendations. 
He favored the establishment of a 
new Church of the Brethren congre- 
gation in Columbia City. 

Subsequently a general meeting 
was held in the Church of God to 
review the results of the surveys, to 
discuss the terms of acquiring the 
new property, and to determine next 
steps. Since the large majority of 
the prospective members were from 
the nearby Blue River congregation, 
the group relied heavily on the ad- 
vice and counsel of their official 
board. 

After much prayerful considera- 
tion those who attended the general 
meetings were given an opportunity 
to register their intention to become 
members of the new congregation. 
The majority responded favorably. 
The group proceeded to lease the 
Church of God property for one 
year, with the option to purchase at 
the end of the year. 

The first organizational meeting 
was announced through the local 
newspaper for Jan. 9, 1961, inviting 
all interested persons to attend. At 
this meeting church and Sunday 
school officers were elected and ad- 
ditional plans were made for the 
future. The Church of God people 
vacated the building at the end of 
April, at which time the Brethren 
moved in. 

Under the wise leadership of 
Brother Landis and the enthusiastic, 
capable, and committed efforts of 
the- members, this new congregation 
has laid a solid foundation for a 
vigorous church in Columbia City. 



needed is the presence of Christians 
who, prompted by the Spirit, speak 
to each other about the graciousness 
of God and exhibit through mutual 
confession and exhortation their ulti- 
mate loyalty to Jesus Christ as 
Lord." 

Concrete procedures are proposed 
which would help accomphsh the 
results which are envisioned in the 
thesis of the book. — Anna M. 
Warstler. 

The Minister's Own Mental 
Health. Editor, Wayne Oates. Chan- 
nel Press, 1961. 335 pages. $4.95. 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



I hear some of my colleagues in 
the ministry are not making it. At 
least the popular press is writing that 
"nervous breakdowns" from the 
pressures of parish and family are 
on the rise among the clergy. 

Under the distinguished editor- 
ship of Wayne E. Oates comes this 
excellent volume, contributed by 
thirty-four leading ministers, psy- 
chologists, and physicians, giving in- 
telligent, reliable consideration to 
the minister's own mental health. 
These writers discuss the healthy 
minister, his motivation and inner 
stresses, and give guidance in help- 



ing the minister determine his self- 
image, his role in the family. Hazards 
of the high calling are also discussed. 
It is reassuring to know that there 
is no greater number of breakups 
in the ministry than in any other 
helping profession. It is further re- 
assuring to know that there are reli- 
able methods being used to help 
determine the "success" or "failure" 
of these entering religious work. For 
those giving serious consideration to 
the role of minister in these days, 
I strongly recommend this book. — 
Robert Mock, West Milton, Ohio. 

Four Centuries of the English 
Bible. John Reumann. Muhlenberg, 
1961. 63 pages. $1.00. 

A very brief survey of the history 
of the English Bible by the professor 
of New Testament at the Lutheran 
Theological Seminary in Philadel- 
phia. Suitable only for a quick, cap- 
sule introduction. — David J. Wieand, 
Ramallah, Jordan. 

" Strangers Then Neighbors. Clar- 
ence Senior. Anti-Defamation 
League, 1961. 88 pages. 95c. 

The United States from its very 
beginning has been marked by a 
diversity of the source of its popula- 
tion. With the arrival of each new 
immigrant group the name calling, 
suspicion, and fear began. "Much 
of the misunderstanding of the 
stranger was due to the differences 
between his customs and habits and 
those of older Americans." The 
present group, the Puerto Ricans, 
seem to be the strangers within our 
portals, and this book is a fine at- 
tempt at helping to bridge the gap 
between the two cultures. For the 
many of us who have Puerto Ricans 
moving into our neighborhoods, our 
schools, factories, etc., this presents 
some excellent aids for understand- 
ing and helping these people. The 
final chapter is written by Dr. S. 
Robert Shapiro, principal of a Bronx 
school and chairman of the Commit- 
tee for Helping the Non-English 
Speaking Pupil, on how the schools 
can help meet the needs of our new- 
est neighbors. — Ruby Rhoades, Em- 
erson, N. J. 

An Opening Way. Dan Wilson. 
Pendle Hill, 1961. 30 pages. 35c. 

The author is director of Pendle 
Hill, having been on the staff since 
1950. He spent a three weeks' vaca- 
tion with his family in which he did 
nothing purposefully, but all the 
time was reliving his past life, keep- 
ing himself open to new revelations 

21 




Irene Armey, administrative assistant of the Fresno 
church, presents the book of memories to Floyd Yearout 



Fresno Church Honors Yearouts 

■ Elder and Mrs. Floyd A. Yearout were the guests of 
honor at an appreciation dinner given by the Fresno 
church in fellowship hall on Sunday evening, Sept. 17, 
1961. The entire church joined in paying tribute to 
the wide range of services rendered by the Yearouts 
since their coming to Fresno in 1928. 

All joined in singing two of Brother Yearout's favorite 
hymns. Two other favorites of his were sung as special 
numbers during the program. There were speakers from 



the various age groups to tell the story of the many 
ways in which both Brother and Sister Yearout have 
generously shared and served in the work of the church. 
Both have been teachers in the church school. Mrs. 
Yearout, practical and artistic, is always ready to do 
her part in improving and beautifying the Lord's house. 

Brother Yearout's active ministry began in the 
ChowchiUa congregation, where he was elected and 
installed in 1922. He was ordained to the eldership 
in Fresno in 1940. As a minister and teacher, in organ- 
izing and planning, in building and administration, in 
counseling with individuals and in giving sound advice 
and guidance to the church as a whole he has set a 
splendid example of Christian stewardship of service 
and substance based upon sincere self-committal. 

His service reached beyond the local church: to 
the district as a member of the board of administration 
and trustee of La Verne College; to the Brotherhood 
as a member of the General Brotherhood Board and a 
member of the building committee responsible for the 
planning and completion of the new General OflSces 
Building in Elgin. 

Harold D. Fasnacht, president of La Verne College, 
and Harry K. Zeller, Jr., pastor of the La Verne church, 
spoke feelingly of Brother Yearout's untiring and gener- 
ous services to the college and to the Brotherhood at 
large. Pastor Jacob T. Dick expressed sincere apprecia- 
tion for the help and support of the Yearouts in the 
present program of the church and expressed the hope 
for many years of active participation in the future. 



of truth. This pamphlet is the retell- 
ing of this mental adventure. In re- 
ality it is his spiritual pilgrimage 
as he seeks to maintain "an opening 
way" from his inner self to God. 

One unaccustomed to mystical 
contemplation will find parts of the 
pamphlet diflBcult to read. Never- 
theless, there are jewels of thought 
you will grasp which make it well 
worth reading. — Mrs. Charles E. 
Zunkel, Port Republic, Va. 

Making the Ministry Relevant. 

Edited by Hans Hofmann. Scrib- 
ners, 1960. 170 pages. $3.50. 

So many questions are raised these 
days in regard to the relevancy of 
the ministry of the church. Psychol- 
ogy, psychiatry, sociology — these all 
have priority in the minds of many 
people. 

Hans Hofmann has done a real 
service in bringing together in a 
book answers from some of the lead- 
ing theologians and Christian think- 
ers of our time. Paul Tillich, 
Reinhold Niebuhr, Samuel H. Miller, 
Kenneth E. Appel, M.D., Seward 
Hiltner, and Reuel Howe — these are 
the contributors to the book. Every 
pastor will find real help in this book. 
The author says that the book is 
written from the basic assumption 
"that the Christian faith is highly 
22 



relevant and its ministry has a sig- 
nificant place and function in our 
culture and time. The crucial point 
is whether we have been slow in 
recognizing the real potency of our 
faith and hence ineflBcient in our 
ministry." 

Every pastor will find real help 
and inspiration for his job in this 
book. He will see the ministry as 
to persons, persons seeking a faith 
that is relevant to their daily work 
and the world they live in. And 
when the pastor sees this task he 
will sense a new challenge which 
will drive him to ask the same ques- 
tions himself which his people are 
asking. I hope all readers will find 
it as helpful and as challenging as 
this writer did. — W. Glenn McFad- 
den, Pasadena, Calif. 

A Call to Faith. Rachel Hender- 
lite. John Knox, 1961. 224 pages. 
$1.75. 

The value of this book to the aver- 
age Christian is demonstrated by the 
fact that it is now in its seventh 
printing. Originally produced in 
1955 as a study volume for adults 
in the Presbyterian Church, U.S., it 
makes a striking contribution to our 
comprehension of basic Christian 
theology. Three major sections, 
God's Work for Man, God's Work in 



Man, and Man's Work With God, 
cover the whole area of God's action 
and man's response. The chapters 
deal with the fundamental doctrines 
of the Christian faith — God, the Bi- 
ble, man, incarnation, atonement, 
the Holy Spirit, the church, the king- 
dom of God, and eternal life! Three 
concluding chapters speak of ethics, 
worship, and service as proper 
responses to God's deeds of 
redemption. 

Although this is not a new book 
it may be new to many. It should, 
however, not long remain unfamiliar. 
It is one of those rare volumes that 
needs a place in every Christian fam- 
ily's hbrary. — Floyd Bantz, McPher- 
son, Kansas. 

'How Love Grows in Marriage. 

Dr. Leland Foster Wood. Channel 
Press, 1961. 254 pages. $3.50. 

When reading the writings of Dr. 
Wood, you get the feeling that he 
is writing a personal letter with your 
own address on it. It is very easy 
to understand why millions of 
couples have and will continue to 
read Dr. Wood's writings. You do 
not get the theoretical "laboratory" 
advice, but a face-to-face personal 
counseling of a friend who is inter- 
ested in your marriage not as a sta- 
tistic, but as a unit of love. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



This new, revised, and gready 
expanded edition is abundant in 
helpful illustration and deals with 
such pertinent topics as We Grow 
Into Our Abihty to Love, It Is Nor- 
mal for Love to Grow, and Marriage 
Achieves Its Heights Through 
Growth. Here is a book for those 
who are planning toward marriage 
and whose plans have recently led 
them into marriage. — Jo Anne and 
Robert Mock, West Milton, Ohio. 

"One Great Ground of Hope. 
Henry P. Van Dusen. Westminster 
Press, 1961. 205 pages. $3.95. 

This is an encyclopedia of facts 
concerning Christian missions and 
their relation to the Christian church 
and to Christian unity. The author 
is a recognized authority on the his- 
tory and growth of the Christian 
church and Christian missions. His 
knowledge has come through com- 
prehensive study and through his 
active participation in church and 
missionary conferences around the 
world. The book is a study of the 
achievements of the Christian church 
and the power of Christian missions. 

In the face of the frequently heard 
accusation that Christian missions 
have been superseded, the facts re- 
corded in this book show that Chris- 
tian missions have had, and still 
continue to have, a tremendous in- 
fluence in world-wide Christian fel- 
lowship and in the ecumenical 
movement. The long list on twenty- 
five pages of missionary conferences, 
of chmch councils, and of church 
unions, in itself proves the extensive 
growth in Christian unity that has 
taken place in the last one hundred 
sixty-five years. 

This volume should be a resource 
book in all seminary libraries and 
in libraries of those churches which 
are awake to the spread of the 
church throughout the world, and 
it should be read by every Christian 
who may be underestimating the 
sweep of Christian outreach. — Anet- 
ta C. Mow, La Verne, Calif. 

Infant Baptism in the First Four 
Centuries. Joachim Jeremias. West- 
minster Press, 1960. Ill pages. 
$3.50. 

One could hope that a brilhant 
scholar among us might pubHsh a 
work as thorough, scholarly, and 
convincing to support our views re- 
garding baptism! This is a master- 
piece in scholarly research, drav^ang 
heavily from the Bible, tradition, and 
the study of early Christian epitaphs 
and inscriptions. It presents the his- 
torical material relating to the his- 

JANUARY 6, 1962 



tory of infant baptism in the first 
four centuries. It assumes, naturally, 
that this concept of baptism is 
authentically Christian and Bibli- 
cally valid. 

The purpose of this review is not 
to refute this thesis but to say that 
the author (professor of New Testa- 
ment theology and rabbinic and 
Palestinian studies, Gottingen Uni- 
versity), in terms of his purpose, has 
done his job magnificently and that 
a careful study of this book should 
send Brethren to a thoughtful, schol- 
arly, Bibhcal and historical study of 
our position. I covet this kind of 
research and scholarship for every 
doctrine and position we cherish! — 
Harold Z. Bomberger, McPherson, 
Kansas. 

"The Hymn and Congregational 
Singing. James R. Sydnor. John 
Knox Press, 1960. 192 pages. $4.50. 

Ministers, church musicians, and 
worship leaders will find this book 
interesting, informative, and inspira- 
tional. A good bibhography of re- 
sources on all phases of chvirch music 
is included. 

The author has done a superb job 
in discussing hymns, hymn playing, 
organization of hymnals, and re- 
sponsibilities of leaders in simple, 
nontechnical language. The final 
section deals with aspects of guid- 



ance for choice of hymns for use 
with various age groups and for vari- 
ous types of meetings. Dr. Sydnor 
emphasizes the value of families 
learning hymns in the home and of 
the need to read and study hymns 
in private. 

Hymn singing is one important 
way that Christians respond to the 
presence of God. The quality of the 
congregation's singing often exhibits 
the quality of the congregation's 
faith. — Mildred M. Etter. 



Readers Write 

Continued from page 2 

the burial. Family and friends could 
call there. 

Before going to the cemetery, the 
family and friends would go to the 
church. They would go there to 
meet God and renew their strength. 
In place of the casket there might 
be a cross, symbol of the death of 
our Lord, and candles, symbol of 
life, or some other arrangement that 
would have meaning for the living. 

The funeral director would not 
need to help with this service but 
would be waiting at the church at 
the close of the service. The family 
would then proceed from the church 
to the cemetery for the burial. — 
Mrs. Raymond Naragon, North Lib- 
erty, Ind. 




■ Church of the Brethren officials participating in the Middle Penns>lvania 
district parsonage dedication at Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, were left to 
right: John Fike, district treasurer; Bernard King, district executive secre- 
tary- Harold Metzler, builder of the parsonage; Stewart Kauffman, district 
moderator; Calvert N. ElHs, General Brotherhood Board representative; 
Perry Liskey, dedicatory speaker; Delbert Hanhn, district finance commission 
chairman; w'iUiam Smith, building committee chairman; and Berkey Knavel, 
ex-moderator of the district. The district parsonage located on Cassidy 
Avenue next to the junior-senior high school, is the home of the district 
executive secretary, Bernard King, who came to the district post m August 
of this year. He serves as counselor and coordinator of the work of fit t>'-one 
Chiu-ch of the Brethren congregations in central and south-central 
Pennsylvania. 

23 



News and Comment From Around the World 



Yugoslav Baptist Union 
Fonns Home Mission Board 

A home mission board has been 
established for the first time by the 
Yugoslav Baptist Union, according 
to an announcement by the Southern 
Baptist Convention. The board's 
principal functions will be "to pro- 
mote Christian stewardship among 
the churches and reach into the 
southern part of our country with 
the gospel." 

In addition, the board will admin- 
ister the pastoral aid fund which has 
been supplemented for several years 
by an annual grant from the South- 
ern Baptist Convention's foreign mis- 
sion agency. 

Brooks Hays Takes Oath as 
Special Presidential Aide 

Brooks Hays, former president of 
the Southern Baptist Convention, 
has become a special assistant to 
President Kennedy. The president 
indicated that Mr. Hays will be giv- 
en primary responsibility in the field 
of foreign policy, although his advice 
will also be consulted on domestic 
matters. His first assignment will be 
to assist in the development of a new 




Religious News Service 

Plans for the Methodist-sponsored 
United Nations church center, shown 
in the architect's sketch above, call 
for a twelve-story aluminum and 
tinted glass building with a ground 
floor of honed granite. Architect 
William Lescaze designed the center 
to harmonize with the UN buildings 
across the street. Intended to serve 
as an interreligious center for liaison 
with the UN, the building will 
have space available for other re- 
ligious groups that wish to maintain 
oflices there 
24 



program of foreign trade promotion 
and reduction of tariff barriers. 

In Congress for sixteen years, Mr. 
Hays was a member of the House 
Foreign Affairs Committee. He is 
expected to work with the White 
House on liaison with Protestant 
groups. Observers have noted that 
relations between the nation's first 
Roman Catholic President and the 
Protestant clergy and religious 
agencies have been increasingly cor- 
dial, a relationship which Mr. Hays 
will undoubtedly help to cultivate. 

Karl Barth to Make 
First American Visit 

Dr. Karl Barth, one of the world's 
most famous Protestant theologians, 
will make his first visit to the United 
States in April. He will give a series 
of five lectures at the University of 
Chicago Divinity School, April 23- 
27, and will also participate in two 
public meetings there which will 
feature panel discussions with young 
American theologians. He has also 
accepted an invitation to lecture at 
Princeton Theological Seminary in 
connection with the seminary's 150th 
anniversary. 

Doctor Barth, seventy-five years 
old, has announced his retirement 
from his post on the theological fac- 
ulty at the University of Basel, but 
is still teaching there until his suc- 
cessor can take over. He was a 
leader in the Protestant resistance 
to Hitler in the Nazi regime. Be- 
cause of his refusal to take an oath 
of allegiance to Hitler, he was forced 
to give up his teaching position at 
the University of Bonn in 1934. He 
left Germany and went to the Uni- 
versity of Basel in 1935. 

Because of his theological empha- 
sis on the supremacy of God, and 
the limitations of man. Doctor Barth 
has been accused by some theo- 
logians of implying that man can 
do nothing to alter the course of 
events. He has maintained that the 
church cannot afford to become al- 
lied with any one political system. 

Brazilian Clergy Ease Tensions 
After Burning of Church 

Reports from the city of Guara- 
tingueta in Brazil have credited 
Roman Catholic and Protestant 
clergymen there with easing tension 
after a mob wrecked and burned a 
local worship center of the Evangel- 
ical Protestant Church of Brazil. 
Some 500 rioters stormed into the 




Religious News Service 

Dr. Jorg Zink of the Evangelical 
Church of Wurttemberg (right) is 
believed to be the only Protestant 
minister in Germany who devotes 
full-time service to a television min- 
istry. He is shown conferring with a 
TV technician at a studio in Stuttgart 
where he broadcasts his programs 



church after the pastor had broad- 
cast a talk in which he attacked 
devotion to the Virgin Mary. 

Police authorities reported later 
that the rioters were mainly local 
troublemakers and political agitators 
rather than persons of deep religious 
convictions. The crowd destroyed 
all the furniture, books, musical in- 
struments, and other equipment in 
the Pentecostal church and then set 
fire to the building. Three adjacent 
buildings also burned down. During 
the riots, several persons, including 
a police sergeant and three soldiers 
were injured. 

Local Catholic clergy exhorted 
their congregations to remain calm 
and not to let themselves be led by 
persons more desirous of causing 
trouble than in defending the Cath- 
olic faith. At the same time, the 
municipal council adopted a resolu- 
tion urging Protestant clergymen to 
avoid preaching sermons that could 
hurt the feelings of followers of other 
religions. 

African Students in U.S. 
Seldom Consult Clergymen 

Although a survey of African stu- 
dents in the United States showed 
that 79% of them were mostly satis- 
fied with their training, there was 
much in the report of concern to 
America's churches. 

The survey, conducted by the In- 
stitute of International Education, 
revealed that in times of stress, when 
the African student was beset by 
GOSPEL MESSENGER! 



ocial or economic worries, he sel- 
dom turned to a clergyman for aid. 
[n only eight per cent of the cases 
involving a "call for help" by African 

tudents did they turn to a clergy- 
man. They turned more often to 
professors, to other Africans, or to 
an American family. African stu- 
dents at forty-four colleges were 
linterviewed. 

Dr. King Renews Plea for Second 
"Emancipation Proclamation" 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Bap- 
tist minister and integration leader, 
has again called upon President Ken- 
aedy to issue a second "emancipation 
proclamation" for Negroes. 

Doctor King said the Emancipa- 
tion Proclamation in 1863 freed the 
Negroes from bondage but, he said, 
they were now in another kind of 
slavery "covered up with niceties." 
He pointed out that segregation is 
a problem in the North as well as 
in the South. He told listeners that 
Negroes must never use "second- 
slass methods" to achieve "first- 
3lass" citizenship, saying that im- 
moral methods could never bring a 
id moral end. 



Religion Statisticians Urge 
[Jniiorm Rules for 
Reporting Membership 

A proposal that religious groups 
adopt uniform ground rules for 
epordng membership and other sta- 
istics was made at the annual meet- 
ng of the Association of Statisticians 
Df American Religious Bodies. 

At the present time various pro- 
cedures are used by difiFerent church 
jodies in counting members. These 
Jiclude placing on membership rolls 
Jiose who have been baptized, con- 
armed, or have reached a certain 
'ige. Members of the association, 
A/hich comprises Protestant, Roman 
Catholic, and Jewish statisticians, 
ivere urged to continue efiEorts to 
Jstabhsh more uniform statistical 
nethods. 

Sightfold Protestant Growth 
.Reported in Latin America 

An eightfold growth in the num- 
ber of baptized Protestants has oc- 
mrred in Latin America since 1937. 
The Evangelical Foreign Missions 
Association said that the most com- 
plete survey of Protestant member- 
;hip undertaken in Latin America 
hows 3,441,445 baptized members 
)f all Protestant bodies in South and 
Central America. 

The over-all Protestant "commu- 
lity" in Latin America was estimated 
t 8,470,000 persons, including chil- 
ANUARY 6. 1962 







Religious News Service 



Zulu Chief Albert Luthuli of South 
Africa has been awarded the Nobel 
Peace Prize for 1960 in recognition 
of his work in employing peaceful 
means while seeking to end apartheid 
in his country. The Christian leader, 
son of an African missionary of the 
Congregational Christian Churches 
has been exiled for eight years to 
a Negro reservation by the South 
African government. The govern- 
ment granted him a passport so 
that he could receive the award 



dren who attend Protestant mission 
schools or Sunday school classes but 
who are not yet of age for church 
membership and also persons who 
attend Protestant worship services 
regularly but who have not yet com- 
pleted the requirements for member- 
ship or made a formal commitment. 

Khrushchev Sends Birthday 
Greetings to Pope 

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, 
in a gesture which reportedly caused 
"extreme surprise" in Vatican circles, 
conveyed personal greetings in writ- 
ing to Pope John on the occasion of 
his eightieth birthday. His message 
was presented through the Russian 
ambassador in Rome. 

The message marked the first time 
since before the Bolshevik Revolu- 
tion in 1917 that a head of govern- 
ment in Russia had directly contacted 
the supreme leader of the Roman 
Catholic Church. 

Few School Children in Hungary 
Get Religious Training 

Less than one third of the children 
in Communist Hungary's state-run 
primary schools are receiving reli- 
gious instruction, according to a re- 
port from Budapest. The minister 
of education told a press conference 



that 27% of youngsters under ten 
in the largely Roman Catholic coun- 
try are receiving instruction in reh- 
gion from clergymen at their parents' 
request. 

Catholic observers said this low 
percentage was due to economic and 
social penalties automatically in- 
curred by parents who display what 
the Communist authorities regard as 
an "uncooperative" attitude toward 
the atheistic regime. 

South Africa Bars U.S. Visit 
by Nobel Peace Prize Winner 

The American Committee for Af- 
rica has announced that the South 
African government refused to per- 
mit Chief Albert Luthuli, winner of 
the 1960 Nobel Peace prize, to visit 
the United States. Chief Luthuli, in 
a letter to the committee, said that 
the passport issued by the segrega- 
tionist government restricted him to 
the city of Oslo, Norway, where he 
received the award from the Nobel 
committee. 

The Zulu chieftain has been re- 
stricted for some time, at govern- 
ment order, to a reservation for 
Negroes. The government issued 
him a passport good only for ten 
days. 

Slight Increase Reported 
in Ministerial Students 

A slight increase in the number 
of persons preparing for the ministry 
has been noted in 1961 over last 
year, according to a report of the 
American Association of Theological 
Schools. The association, which 
comprises Protestant seminaries in 
the U. S. and Canada, said member 
schools reported enrollment of 
20,466 theological students in the 
annual autumn survey. The totals 
include most Protestant students at 
the postcollege level in preparation 
for the ministry. 

Dr. Jesse H. Ziegler, associate di- 
rector of the association, reported 
that Canadian enrollment is at its 
highest in six years. He said all of 
this needs to be seen against the 
background of increasing general 
population, increasing total Protes- 
tant membership and increasing col- 
lege and university graduating 
classes. 

The stafiF of the AATS has no clear 
answers as to the failure of the 
churches to enlist men for its min- 
istries in numbers comparable to 
these increases. Dr. Ziegler said, 
"possible reasons that have been sug- 
gested are competition with recruit- 

25 



merit by industry, questioning 
regarding the relevance of the church 
and its ministry, rising costs of the- 
ological education, especially for 
married students, relative lack of 
grants comparable to other fields to 
assist the student without financial 
resources, lack of clarity regarding 
the ministries of clergy and laymen, 
and voices speaking appreciatively 
of church and ministry less clear and 
fewer than those speaking critically." 

Ban on Religious Processions 
Nullified by Netherlands Court 

The Netherlands Supreme Court 
recently decided that a provision of 
the Dutch constitution prohibiting 
rehgious processions, except those 
already in existence in 1848, has 
been nullified. 

Holland's constitution of 1848 
banned any new religious proces- 
sions in public streets except where 
they were traditional and still active 
in that year, which was one of 
revolution and anticlerical liberalism 
throughout Europe. This meant that 
religious processions were outlawed 
except in the provinces of Brabant 
and Limburg, which were Roman 
Catholic centers at the time. 

Corruption in Government Target 
of Massachusetts Church Council 

An all-out war on corruption in 
government will be waged in 1962 
by the Massachusetts Council of 
Churches, composed of 1,800 Protes- 
tant churches of a dozen denomina- 
tions. The director of the council's 



department of social relations, 
stressed that the public must be 
aroused to bring about changes 
in conditions marring the state's 
reputation. 

The department will concentrate 
on the legislature as soon as it con- 
venes in January to seek stricter laws 
combating all kinds of gambling, 
conflict of interest among officehold- 
ers, graft, narcotics peddling, and 
other crimes. 



Presbyterians Urge Widening 
World Friendships, 
Understanding 

Some 3,260,000 United Presby- 
terians were called upon by the de- 
nomination's General Council to lay 
the foundation for international un- 
derstanding by "cultivating in all 
the world that spirit of friendship 
which Jesus taught us." 

In a Christmas message the coun- 
cil urged all Presbyterians to seek 
opportunities to widen their world 
friendships. The message was dis- 
tributed to more than 9,000 United 
Presbyterian churches, with an ac- 
companying letter from the denomi- 
nation's moderator. 

The message said, "If each Amer- 
ican Christian would begin now to 
learn the language of another people, 
would seek to understand their cul- 
ture and thus share with them their 
aspirations and ours, it would be 
an excellent substitute for fretting 
and a token of our faith that history 
is not coming to a calamitous end." 




Augustana Lutherans Plan 
Uniiorm Reception Service 
for New Members 

A new uniform order of service is 
being planned by the Augustana 
Lutheran Church for the reception of 
members. It was requested by the 
church's executive council to help 
members become better informed in 
regard to their duties and responsi- 
bilities as communicants. 

Usual methods of accepting mem- 
bers in Lutheran parishes include 
confirmation, through reaffirmation 
of faith by lapsed members, and by 
letter of transfer. 

Washington Cathedral Project 
May be Completed by 1975 

Construction of the Washington 
Cathedral (Episcopal) in the District 
of Columbia, which began in 1907 
with a target date of the year 2000 
for completion, may be finished by 
1975. Dean Francis B. Sayre of the 
cathedral said building could be 
completed by that date if the current 
pace of construction work can be 
maintained. To complete the edifice 
will require the expenditure of about 
$15,000,000. 

News Briefs 

Sunday morning services were to 
be discontinued in January in 121 
parishes of the Swedish National 
Lutheran Church because of a short- 
age of clergymen. The National As- 
sociation of Swedish Parishes says 
the government refuses to allow the 
church sufficient funds for an ade- 
quate number of clergymen. 

The Methodist Church in Taiwan 
(Foraiosa) and Hong Kong regis- 
tered membership gains of nineteen 
per cent for the past year. This 
membership increase continues an 
upward trend in the number of 
Methodists in Taiwan and Hong 
Kong since the denomination began 
work there shortly after the Commu- 
nists took over the China mainland 
in 1949. 



Bishop Chandu Ray (left), first Pakistan bishop of the 
Anglican Church, discusses the new American Bible 
Society "finger-phono" with Dr. Gilbert Darlington, 
Bible society consultant who was instrumental in the 
development of the new device to make the Bible avaQ- 
able around the world. Operated simply by turning the 
record with the finger, the little phonograph will play 
records of the Scriptures in every language. The 
machines are inexpensive and easy to use and will be 
distributed especially in areas where there is a shortJ 
age of electrical power and mechanical skills 
Religious News Service 

GOSPEL MESSENGEI 



Anniversaries 



Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Allison cele- 
brated their fifty-seventh wedding anni- 
versary on Nov. 7, 1961. They have 
twelve children, twenty-five grand- 
children, and sixteen great-grandchil- 
dren. — Ada C. White, Lewistown, Pa. 

Mr and Mrs. William Hertzler of 
Myerstown, Pa., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Nov. 30, 1961. 
They are members of the Little Swatara 
congregation, Pa. They have one 
daughter. — Mrs. Carl Brightbill, Myers- 
town, Pa. 

Brother and Sister J. C. Inman cele- 
brated their fiftieth wedding anni- 
versary at Sidney, Ohio, on May 14, 
1961. They have four daughters. 
Brother Inman spent forty years in 
pastoral service but is now retired. — 
Mrs. J. Dale Kyser, Sidney, Ohio. 

Brother and Sister Henry Stahl cele- 
brated their sixty-third wedding armi- 
versary on Sept. 25, 1961. They have 
been members of the McFarland church 
since 1917. There are two sons, six 
grandchildren, and six great-grand- 
children. — Mrs. A. R. Grober, McFar- 
land, Calif. 

Brother and Sister Galen K. Walker 
of La Verne, Calif., celebrated their 
golden wedding anniversary on Nov. 
26, 1961. Brother Walker served fifty 
years in the ministry. They have three 
* children and nine grandchildren. — H. 
M. Brubaker, La Verne, Calif. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Webber of 
Myerstown, Pa., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Nov. 11, 1961. 
They are members of the Little Swatara 
congregation. Pa. They have one son. 
— Mrs. Carl Brightbill, Myerstown, Pa. 



Obituaries 



Armstrong, Allen, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Milford Armstrong, was born in 
Putman County, W. Va., Dec. 16, 1896, 
and died at Edinburg, Va., Nov. 15, 
1961. He was married to Ula Mae 
Reynard on Oct. 11, 1923. He was a 
member of the Wakeman's Grove 
church, Va. The funeral service was 
conducted by Bro. Joseph S. Ritten- 
house, and burial was in the Cedar- 
[wood cemetery, Edinburg, Va. — Faye 
Wakeman, Edinburg, Va. 
I Bish, Jessie Viola, daughter of Rezin 
land Hannah Albert, was bom Jan. 31, 
1873, at Warfieldsburg, Md., and died 
Nov. 10, 1961, at Rocky Ford, Colo. In 
1895, she was married to Royer Bish. 
She had been a member of the Church 
of the Brethren from young woman- 
hood, serving with her husband in the 
oflBce of deacon for many years. Sur- 
,u! viving are her husband, two daughters, 
, I three sons, and one sister. The funeral 
service was conducted by the under- 
""i signed in the Rocky Ford church, and 
' 1 burial was in the Rocky Ford cemetery. 
— Wilbur R. Hoover, Rocky Ford, Colo. 
Hamel, Eva Lena, was born at Anna, 
:Ohio, Oct. 27, 1883, and died Nov. 17, 
[lit 1961, at Carleton, Nebr. She was a 
member of the Bethel church at Carle- 
ton. Surviving are two daughters, three 
sisters, and five grandchildren. The 
funeral service was conducted at the 
Bethel church by the undersigned, and 
CElifANUARY 6, 1962 



burial was in the adjoining cemetery. — 
Sylvus D. Flora, Carleton, Nebr. 

Metzler, Mary Ellen, daughter of 
Alexander and Elizabeth King Miller, 
was born May 5, 1868, near Nappanee, 
Ind., and died Nov. 23, 1961. On Aug. 
18, 1889, she was married to Christian 
Metzler, who died April 24, 1951. Sur- 
viving are two daughters, one son, ten 
grandchildren, and twenty-two great- 
grandchildren. She became a member 
of the Church of the Brethren in her 
youth. The funeral service was con- 
ducted in the Wakarusa church by Bro. 
Harvey S. Bowers, assisted by Rev. 
Duane Sholly, and burial was in the 
Olive cemetery. — T. G. Weaver, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

Pearson, Sarah Ahce, was born in 
Tippecanoe County, Ind., March 19, 
1910, and died Nov. 29, 1961, at Pyr- 
mont, Ind. In 1928, she was married to 
Emmert Pearson. Surviving are her 
husband, one daughter, two grandchil- 
dren, three sisters, and two brothers. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Ralph Petry, and burial was in 
the Pyrmont cemetery. — Mary A. 
Wagoner, Delphi, Ind. 

Peters, Daisy Mable, daughter of Ben- 
jamin H. and Drusilla Boone Layman, 
was born near Wirtz, Va., Sept. 18, 
1880, and died Nov. 10, 1961, at Peru, 
Ind. On Feb. 10, 1903, she was mar- 
ried to Hiram Franklin Peters, who 
survives. Six children, eleven grand- 
children, twelve great-grandchildren, 
and four brothers also survive. Early in 
life she became a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. She was a founder 
and charter member of the Peru con- 
gregation. The memorial service was 
conducted in the Peru church by Bro. 
Carl Showalter, assisted by Bro. C. R. 
Oberlin, and burial was in the Green- 
lawn cemetery at Mexico, Ind. — Mrs. 
Orville Sonofrank, Peru, Ind. 

Porter, Decatur Wray, was born Aug. 
1, 1885, and died Oct. 14, 1961. A 
number of children, grandchildren, and 
great-grandchildren survive. The fu- 
neral service was conducted at tlie Hol- 
lins Road church, Roanoke, Va., by Bro. 
Ernest E. Muntzing, and burial was in 
the Mt. View cemetery. — Mrs. lona 
Sarver, Roanoke, Va. 

Sarver, Samuel E., was born May 1, 
1877, and died June 28, 1961. Surviving 
are five children, sixteen grandchildren, 
and twenty-one great-grandchildren. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. E. E. Muntzing, and burial was 
in the Sarver cemetery in Craig County. 
— Mrs. lona Sarver, Roanoke, Va. 

Rupert, J. Harry, son of John and 
Anna Rupert, was bom in McVeytown, 
Pa., March 18, 1881, and died at Reed- 
ley, Calif., Nov. 25, 1961. He was 
married to Mary Rose Hollenberg on 
Sept. 8, 1907. He became a member 
of the Church of the Brethren in his 
youth and was active serving as a dea- 
con and in the educational, missionary, 
and other endeavors of the church. 
Surviving are his wife, one son, two 
daughters, five grandsons, one great- 
grandchild, and one sister. The fu- 
neral service was conducted by the 
undersigned. — Carl Beckwith, Reedley, 
Calif. 

Summers, John Wilham, son of Wil- 
liam and SaUie Trump Summers, was 
born near Hardin, Mo., April 17, 1885, 
and died at Richmond, Mo., Nov. 28, 
1961. On Jan. 19, 1908, he was married 



to Edna A. Summers, who died Feb. 21, 
1940. On June 4, 1946, he was married 
to Mary Josephine Fleming, who sur- 
vives. He was a member of die Church 
of the Brethren. The funeral service 
was conducted by the undersigned, 
and burial was in tlie Wakenda ceme- 
tery. — Harold G. Correll, Hardin, Mo. 

Workman, Gladys Fern, daughter of 
C. Jay and May Workman, was born 
Jan. 12, 1907, and died Nov. 6, 1961. 
She became a member of the Church of 
the Brethren early in life. Surviving are 
her father and one brother. The funeral 
service was conducted by the under- 
signed in the Danville church, Ohio, 
and burial was in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — William H. Loucks, Danville, 
Ohio. 

Workman, Stella Marie, died Sept. 
21, 1961, at the age of seventy-seven 
years. She was a member of the Church 
of Christ. Surviving are one daughter, 
one son, and two grandchildren, and 
one brother. The funeral service was 
conducted by the undersigned in the 
Danville Church of the Brethren, Ohio, 
and burial was in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — William H. Loucks, Danville, 
Ohio. 



Church Neivs 



Western Kansas 

Prairie View — One has been bap- 
tized and one received on reaffirmation 
of faith. The project of the vacation 
Bible school was furnishing school kits 
for the Nigeria mission schools. How- 
ard Baldwin was licensed to the minis- 
try at a service conducted by the execu- 
tive secretary, Gorman Zook. The con- 
gregation is sponsoring a Scout troop in 
the community. The Sunday school is 
steadily increasing in number wiUi an 
average attendance of 105 for tlie past 
year. Bro. Mark Emswiler continues 
as pastor, and Bro. James Elrod is the 
moderator for this year. The women's 
fellowship has done rehef sewing and 
made hospital gowns for Nigeria. They 
also sent packages to some of the mis- 
sionaries and children's packages to 
the Lybrook mission. They cooperated 
in local, district, regional, and national 
work. — Mrs. Raymond Daniels, Modoc, 
Kansas. 

Wichita, First — PhyUis Ingram be- 
gan her work as director of Christian 
education on Sept. 1. Our congrega- 
tion conducted the worship service at 
Cowtown, a replica of Wichita one 
hundred years ago, on the afternoon of 
Sept. 17. On Sept. 27, we had a dedi- 
cation service for the newly elected 
members of the church board and Chris- 
tian education workers who were meet- 
ing in a retreat at the church. As part 
of die observance of Christian educa- 
tion week, we viewed the film. The 
Great Challenge, on Sunday evening 
and had a banquet in honor of the 
teachers and workers who had served 
during die past year. The pastor, James 
Beahm, is president of the Wichita 
Ministerial Association for this current 
year. On Oct. 25, Glen Smiley of the 
Fellowship of Reconciliation was the 
guest speaker. The youth fellowship 
participated in the CROP collecdon 
with the United Christian Youth Move- 
ment of Wichii-1. The laymen con- 



Reuel L. Howe 



HEREIN IS LOVE 



Consistent with the pene- 
trating thought typical in 
his previous bootcs. Dr. 
Howe speaks with em- 
barrassing frankness on a 
subject widely discussed 
in theological circles to- 
day. It is the tendency of 
church groups and indi- 
viduals as well, to revolve 
in a private orbit and 
neglect the prime princi- 
ple of the church — that 
of demonstrating the love 
of Jesus Christ through 
Christian love in action. 

Cloth, $3.00; paper, $1.50 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



ducted the worship service on Lay- 
man's Sunday. Living and Growing as 
a Christian Family was the theme for 
the school of family living held Nov. 5 
to Dec. 3. — Phylhs A. Ingram, Wichita, 
Kansas. 

Southern Missouri and Arkansas 
Mountain Grove — Several members 
of our church attended camp at Shel- 
tering Heights and two served as lead- 
ers. Mary Dadisman, a missionary in 
Nigeria, gave a talk about her ex- 
periences there. Two have been bap- 
tized and four received by letter. In 
September, Bro. L. M. Baldwin was in- 
stalled as pastor by Lawrence Lehman, 
district field secretary. The women of 
the church have been knotting com- 
forters and gathering clothing for re- 
lief. The pastor conducted a week's re- 
vival meeting which concluded with 
the love feast. The recently organized 
women's fellowship is cooperating 
wdth the women of the Greenwood 

28 



church. We joined with several other 
churches for a Thanksgiving service, at 
which the pastor, L. M. Baldwin, 
brought the message. Many of our con- 
gregation attended the dedication 
service for the new church at Cabool. 
— Dora Atkins, Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Peace Valley — Visiting ininisters in 
our congregation have been Brethren 
Ralph Hofhnan of Indiana, William 
Bosserman of Illinois, Paul Hunter of 
Florida, Baxter Mow of Virginia, and 
Oliver Dilley of Kansas City, Mo. 
Brother and Sister Galen Gerdes of 
Illinois and Brother and Sister Oscar 
Fike of Indiana attended the love feast 
on Nov. 1. Brother Fike ofiBciated. A 
nuniber of our members attended the 
district conference at Cabool and also 
the dedication of the new church there. 
Vada Woody was the director of the 
vacation Bible school. Ten attended 
camp and Quinter Bosserman served as 
a director. Five of the women of the 
Berean Mennonite church were guests 
of our women's fellowship. We have 
enjoyed the films. With His Help, The 
Choice, and Harvest of Shame. The 
district men's and women's rally was 
held in our church on Nov. 9. We had 
a service the evening before Thanks- 
giving Day. Phil Truesdale, a neigh- 
borhood boy, showed pictures and lec- 
tured about his work with a gospel 
team in Ecuador during last summer. 
Elverda Fike, who has completed her 
year in BVS, is now teaching in Pennsyl- 
vania. Juanita Fike has returned to 
teaching at Quinter, Kansas, after be- 
ing in a work camp in Ecuador during 
the summer. — Mrs. Robert Haney, West 
Plains, Mo. 

Michigan 

Hope — One of our Sunday school 
teachers attended the laboratory school 
at Manchester College. The pastor, 
Rommie Moore, had charge of the daily 
devotions over the Hastings radio sta- 
tion the week of Sept. 3. During the 
absence of our pastor, Mr. and Mrs. 
Earl Atkinson and Carl Welch filled the 
pulpit. On Layman's Sunday three lay- 
men spoke, Mrs. Clare Eash, represent- 
ing the women, Larry Wieland, the 
men, and Jo Arm Walton, the young 
people. Dan West had three planning 
sessions with twenty of the church 
workers, ending with a family night 
supper. The every-member canvass was 
conducted Sept. 25 and 26. Nine of our 
chuurch school workers attended the 
life and leadership training school in 
Grand Rapids five evenings in October. 
This school is sponsored by the Grand 
Rapids Kent County Council of 
Churches. We observed the love feast 
service on World Communion Sunday. 
On Oct. 24, Charles Baldwin, mission- 
ary to Nigeria, spoke about his work 
there. We had the first of our twelve 
Christian family life programs on Nov. 
16. After the potluck supper, we had a 
program centering about the theme. 
Families and Thanksgiving. The offer- 
ing was turned over to CROP. — Wil- 
mina Wieland, Freeport, Mich. 

Northeastern Ohio 

Center — The church entered a soft- 
ball team in the league sponsored by 
Stark County. Some of the women at- 
tended the breakfast of the United 
Church Women, at which Dr. E. C. 
Beach spoke. During the absence of 



the pastor, the pulpit was filled by 
Dr. Milford Hinkle, Reverend Apple, 
and Reverend Ruble. The CBYF had 
charge of one Sunday and on another 
Sunday, the vacation Bible school pro- 
gram was given. The $30 collected at 
the vacation Bible school bought bee- 
hives for Mexico. A number of the 
women attended the camp at Camp 
Zion. The junior church is sponsoring 
an African student for one year at 
Waka Training School in Nigeria. In 
August the congregation was host to 
the Stark County Bible Class Federation 
meeting. After a carry-in diimer, the 
commissions of the church met to plan 
the programs for the coming year. 
Goldie Schwartz, missionary to India, 
spoke one Sunday evening. Elsie 
Bechtel, who spent two years in Aus- 
tria, spoke at a special night meeting 
of the ladies' aid. The younger chil- 
dren collected $32 for UNICEF at Hal- 
lowe'en time. Grayce Brumbaugh spoke 
about her work in Nigeria. The women 
had made kimonos and receiving blan- 
kets for her to take back to Nigeria. 
On Nov. 26, the congregation was host 
to the neighborhood churches for a 
singspiration. — Mrs. Barbara Paulus, 
East Canton, Ohio. 

Reading — The women's work had 
its annual Thanksgiving service on Nov. 
19. The film. Give Thanks Always, was 
shown. Roberta Kiirtz, who won the 
national youth oratorical contest, pre- 
sented her oration. Apathetic Christians. 
At the August council, John Blough was 
chosen elder. He gave the address at 
the home-coming on Sept. 17. — Mrs, 
Edward E. Braid, Homeworth, Ohio, 

Northwestern Ohio 

Lakewood — The commitments foi 
our work during this year were mad« 
on Sept. 17, when an emphasis wai 
placed on tithing. In August, we hac 
a prayer vigil for peace in connectioi 
with the BVS Unit. Lakewood wa; 
host for the teachers and Christian edu 
cation commission members for a dis 
cussion of Brethren curriculiun. Eleano 
Painter, a licensed minister of Fostoria 
Ohio, filled the pulpit on Aug. 27. Bro 
John Good conducted services, endini 
with the love feast on Sept. 30. Mem 
bers of our church have attendee 
various conferences related to thei 
interests. Our congregation was repre 
sented at the Sunday school conven 
tion at the St. Paul's EUB church i! 
Millbury. Nov. 10 was visitation da 
at the Fostoria Home. James O'suga o 
the Church of Christ at Fayette, Ohic 
brought a program of music at th 
women's fellowship on Nov. 9. Mr: 
Rosina Reddin was the speaker in th 
absence of the pastor. Four person 
have been baptized. — Mrs. Frank Mc 
Laughlin, Millbury, Ohio. 

Southern Ohio 

Eversole — Guest speakers have bee 
Rufus King, Charles Wells, Clarenc 
Priser, Paul and Naomi Kinsel, Job 
Martin, J. Oliver Dearing, Chester Ha: 
ley, Ivan Eikenberry, Kenneth Har 
man, and Earl Shank. Chester Harle 
had an installation and consecratic 
service for deacons and their wives c 
Sept. 24 at the harvest and homecon 
ing service. Those installed were M 
and Mrs. Marvin UUery, Mr. and Mi 
Paul Simmons, and Mr. and Mrs. Fore 
GOSPEL MESSENGE 



'helps. The pastor, Frank Nies, was 
' !;he preacher for the revival services 
'! Xov. 12 to 26. The church participated 

n the union Thanksgiving service at the 

ohnsville EUB church on Nov. 22. 

virs. Russell Helstern was the speaker 
^ or the mother and daughter banquet. 
''• The women's fellowship has been or- 
i ;anized into five circles, under the lead- 
' 'rship of the president, Ruth Bell, in 
j' order to reach more women in the 
'' hurch. The congregation was host to 

he pastors' and ministers' fellowship 
■ )f Southern Ohio. Harold Pickett was 
' he speaker for the father and son ban- 
* luet. During the year, two have been 
'' eceived by letter and two by baptism. — 

Vnna M. Landis, Brookville, Ohio. 



Eastern Pennsylvania 



Conewago — Bro. Wilbur Lehman 
vas the evangelist for services following 
I'hich seven were baptized. Dave 
Caser, a returned BVS'er, gave a talk 
md showed pictures of his work in Aus- 
ria, where he had served two years. 
Jrother and Sister Mark Keeney gave 
alks about their work in Africa. The 
somen's fellowship showed the film, 
ladiant Treasure. The guest speaker 
or the temperance program was C. F. 
limes of Wilhamsport. The youth en- 
ertained the young people's group from 
our other churches. Under the spon- 
orship of the men's fellowship, the Bun- 
:ertown community men's chorus pre- 
ented a program of music. Earl Farney 
if Midway was the speaker for a pro- 
pram on peace. Four of our youth and 
'outh counselors attended the regional 
onference at Huntingdon, Pa. The 
■outh of our church had a weekend re- 
reat for the purpose of reorganization. 
Jro. D. I. Pepple was the evangehst 
or our fall meeting. Seven were bap- 
ized. Brethren John Patrick and Ollie 
levener were the guest ministers at 
he love feast. — Ellen E. Young, Her- 
hey. Pa. 

Elizabethtown — During July, the 
tiinister of education, John Hilficker, 
iirected a two weeks' day camp for 
)oys and girls of grades five through 
ight on the farm of one of our mem- 
)ers. A number of our boys and girls 
ittended camp at Camp Swatara and 
ome of the adults gave leadership. 
Llso during July, we had the first re- 
[ional family life institute in our church. 
This was directed by Earl K. Ziegler, 
vith Roy Dickerson and Richard N. 
ley serving as leaders. Our congrega- 
ion joined the other churches in town 
a Sunday evening community services 
luring the summer. We also joined with 
hem in a Reformation Day service at 
he Lutheran church. John Hilficker has 

Iompleted his work as minister of 
ducation and returned to Bethany 
■eminary to finish his work for a de- 
:ree. On Sept. 24, the church school 
workers and others met in a service of 
ededication at which A. G. Breiden- 
tine was the speaker. With a slogan, 
)ebt Free by '63, we conducted an 
very-member visitation in which 170 
isitors served. When the pastor, Nevin 
rlJl. Zuck, installed the new pastor of 
i iie Palmyra church, Roy E. McAuley 
1 reached for our congregation. Glenn 
)i ;. Zug and H. Eugene Eisenbise also 
M poke during the absence of the pastor. 
ill >pportunities of the older adult volun- 
re||5er service were symbolized in four 
^NUARY 6, 1962 



weeks which Alfred Eckroth, Sr., gave 
at the West Side Christian Parish in Au- 
gust. We had our love feast service on 
World Communion Sunday. The pastor 
had a service of dedication for parents 
and their children recently. The women 
have helped mend and iron at the 
Nefi^sville Home. They joined with the 
United Church Women of the town in 
sponsoring a project of clothing and 
school bags for Latin America. The 
missions and service commission 
planned a four-day peace program 
with the theme. The Christian Witness 
for Peace in Today's World. Dan West 
served as leader. The choral union of 
Elizabethtown College, directed by 
Prof. Nevin Fisher, presented a concert 
of hymns and anthems one evening in 
November. — Ruth N. Eby, Mount Joy, 
Pa. 

Ephrata — The church cooperated 
with the other congregations of the town 
in a vacation Bible school. During the 
pastor's absence, the pulpit was filled 
by Brethren Roy McAuley, V. Lester 
Schreiber, and Clyde Nelson. Forty-one 
of the children and youth spent a week 
at Camp Swatara. During July and 
August, we participated in the com- 
munity vesper service held on Sunday 
evenings on the grounds of the Ephrata 
Cloisters. A number of our members 
attended tlie Billy Graham crusade in 
Philadelphia. Eleven persons spent a 
day working at the New Windsor cen- 
ter. Twenty comforters have been made 
for relief. Mark Keeney and his wife 
spoke and showed pictures of their 
work in Nigeria. The contributions 
brought to the harvest home service 
were given to the Children's home at 
Nefl^sville. The senior citizens of the 
church were entertained at a dinner by 
the women's fellowship. Four children 
from the Pilot House, Baltimore, Md., 
spent some time in the homes of our 
congregation. Some of our members 
took part in the district choral festival 
in the Lebanon high school auditorium. 
A number of the men attended the dis- 
trict men's fellowship banquet. The 
children's hour group resumed its regu- 
lar meeting each Wednesday after 
school. The congregation is sending 
the Gospel Messenger into each home. 
The pastor conducted a membership 
class prior to the revival held by Bro. 
David Markey. Twelve were baptized 
and ofie received by letter. Sixteen of 
our young people have left for college. 
An Elizabethtown College group gave 
a religious drama. — Mrs. H. Spencer 
Fry, Terre Hill, Pa. 

Florin — William Longenecker and 
Roy Longenecker represented our con- 
gregation at the Annual Conference. 
One hundred fifty-three was the average 
attendance for the vacation Bible school 
held the last two weeks in June. The 
men raised sweet potatoes as their 
project this summer. Bro. D. Paul 
Greene of Elizabethtown College was 
the speaker for the harvest meeting. 
A group of our members attended the 
Billy Graham meetings in Philadelphia 
on Brethren night. Brother and Sister 
Clarence Heckman spoke at one of our 
Sunday morning worship services. 
Since their retirement, we are now 
supporting Ruth G. Clark, who is serv- 
ing in Nigeria, West Africa. The men 
and women wrapped bandages to be 
sent to Nigeria. Roy Forney of Harris- 
burg and John Patrick of the Big Swa- 



EVERY DAY 
DEVOTIONS 
FOR YOUTH 

WALTER L. COOK 



The aim of this book is 
to suggest how young 
Christians can apply their 
faith to everyday living, 
not in a vacuunn, but at 
home, with the neighbors, 
at school, on a date, on 
the athletic field, in their 
social groups, as a citizen, 
and at church. 
Fifty-six devotions. $1.75 

CHURCH of the 
BRETHREN GENERAL 
OFFICES 
Elgin, Illinois 



tara church were speakers at the love 
feast service. Bro. Clarence Brubaker 
conducted our evangelistic meeting. — 
Effie Ruth Eshelman, Mount Joy, Pa. 

Maiden Creek — Bro. Mark Keeney, 
missionary to Africa, spoke one Sunday 
morning. Bro. Glenn W. Crago of the 
Nefi^sville Children's Home gave a talk 
at the vacation Bible school program. 
Some of our members attended the out- 
door service at Belleman's church. On 
Aug. 20 we had a fellowship meeting 
at Bro. Howard Reber's home. In the 
afternoon, six were baptized and in the 
evening Dean Allen gave a talk. A 
number of our members attended the 
Billy Graham crusade in Philadelphia. 
We have started study of the manual in 
Christian doctrine. Brother Kline of the 
Myerstown church was the speaker for 
our rally on Sept. 24. David Markey 
officiated at the love feast service. 
Bro. Cyrus Krall was elected to a three- 
year term as moderator and part-time 
pastor. The election was in charge of 
Brethren Abram Eshelman and David 
Markey. — Mrs. Helen P. Reber, Cen- 
terport. Pa. 

Little Swatara — A group of our 
vi'omen ironed at the Neffsville Home. 
Rev. Geran Haggberg of Sweden 
preached at the morning serNicc on 
Aug. 6. He is in this country attending 
college and was a guest at the home of 
Mark Keeneys. Bro. Joseph Moyer 
was the evangelist for the meeting at 
the Schubert house. Twelve persons 
made a decision for Christ. Lester 
Royer spoke at one of the evening serv- 

29 



;miy 



*MH$aL Lome 



The 
Early Rain 



Campbell Long 

• is a novel based on the 
experiences of three 
conscientious objectors 
as they tried to resume 
their normal lives and 
vocational interests 
following the close of 
World War II. 

• is a narrative which 
lifts up those human 
values such as love, 
understanding, patience, 
and toleration, without 
which life degenerates 
to subhuman levels. 

$3.00 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



ices. Our church gave a program of 
music at the Mohler's church. Norman 
Patrick and Ray Gibble were guests for 
the love feast service. Mark Keeney 
spoke at the Neffsville Home, when our 
congregation had charge of the service. 
In the evening of music, the Hanover- 
dale male quartet, the Weik family 
octet, Kiehmer-Royer mixed quartet, 
the Reading choir, the Annville girls' 
chorus, and the Mountville-Fairview 
male quartet participated. Dr. Roy 
McAuley, president of Elizabethtown 
College, was the speaker for the father- 
son fellowship. — Mrs. Carl Brightbill, 
Myerstown, Pa. 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Carson Valley — Bro. Emmert Fred- 
erick is serving as our moderator for 
the next two years. The food gathered 
together at the harvest home meeting 
was taken to the Home at Martinsburg. 

30 



The evangelist, Bro. Howard J. Kreider 
of Milford, Ind., held a two-week meet- 
ing; as a result six persons were bap- 
tized. The love feast concluded the 
meeting. Plans are under way to have a 
full-time pastor for our church. We 
sent fourteen cartons of clothing to New 
Windsor during November. The wom- 
er's work prepared fruit plates for each 
guest at the Morrison Cove Home for 
Thanksgiving. Our congregation was 
host to the Blair County hymn sing on 
Nov. 5. Brethren Merle Hoover and 
Louis Jackson and their wives were in- 
stalled into the office of deacon. The 
Sunday school classes have moved into 
the new building. — Mrs. Russell C. 
Clapper, Duncansville, Pa. 

Lewistown — Kenneth C. Martin, Jr., 
was installed as our new pastor on Sept. 
3. Bro. Bernard King, the new district 
executive secretary, brought the mes- 
sage and had charge of the service. The 
following Friday evening we had a 
congregational hymn sing and a fellow- 
ship to become acquainted with Brother 
Martin and his wife. We observed the 
love feast service on Oct. 8 with Brother 
Martin officiating. Seven of our youth 
and four adults attended the youth 
banquet at Everett. Mrs. Bert Wright 
is directing a youth choir which was re- 
cently organized. A program of music 
was given by the Bunkertown men's 
chorus. Judge Lehman spoke to the 
youth on Nov. 19. Five have been re- 
ceived by letter. Some of our women 
attended a meeting of the auxiliary of 
the Martinsburg Cove Home. — Ada C. 
White, Lewistown, Pa. 

North Atlantic 

Philadelphia, First — The oflFering 
from our vacation Bible school held in 
July will be used to help estabhsh a 
church among the Navajo Indians. Dur- 
ing the summer, thirteen of our young 
people attended Camp Swatara. Our 
church was one of the forty-foiu: 
churches of our denomination partici- 
pating in the Billy Graham Phila- 
delphia crusade. Prayer meetings were 
held throughout the siunmer in the 
homes of members. This fall a group 
is studying a Bible course prepared by 
Billy Graham. A second class meets on 
Thursday mornings. A new adult Sim- 
day school class, especially for new 
njembers, is being taught by the minis- 
ter, W. Dean Grouse. Carl Reber, Day- 
ton Kreider, and Lester Rosenberger 
conducted the morning service on Lay- 
man's Sunday. The women's fellowship 
sponsored a family night at which the 
pageant. Our Family and God, was 
presented. The district leadership 
training school was attended by thirteen 
of our members. Mrs. Betty Reber and 
Mrs. Mary L. Riethof attended the 
Eastern Region laboratory school and 
workshop. Ralph Rybercheck, repre- 
senting the Door to Life Gospel Min- 
istries, showed color films of missionary 
work in Stirinam. David Bevington, a 
student at Eastern Baptist College, is 
the assistant minister. Two have been 
baptized and two received by letter. — 
Mary L. Riethof, Lafayette Hill, Pa. 

Southern Pennsylvania 

Hanover — Under the able leadership 
of Bro. Glen Kinsel, the church is 
growing in interest, attendance, and 
membership. More than sixty have 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a free 
service in the interests of assisting 
individuals or famihes to relocate or 
seciure employment in Brethren com- 
munities. It does not provide for the 
advertising of goods or property for 
sale or rent. Information on paid ad- 
vertising may be obtained from the 
Chiu-ch of the Brethren General Offices. 

This service is part of the Brother- 
hood program, assigned for administra- 
tion to the Social Welfare Department 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject notices 
is reserved. Since no verification of 
notices is made no responsibihty can 
be assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it is 
necessary that the number be given, 
Write Brethren Placement Service; 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, 
Elgin, 111. 

No. 550. Wanted: Three registered 
nurses to work in a new, modern hos- 
pital. Active Brethren church near by 
Contact Jesse C. Simonds, Superin- 
tendent, Okeechobee Hospital, Okee 
chobee, Fla. 

No. 551. Young married couple seel 
employment in Brethren community, i 
possible. Experienced in dairy farminj 
but willing to try other work. Higl 
school education. Both have served ii 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Contact 
Jack Lein, R. 1, Stanley, Wis. Phone 
Midway 4-2403. 

No. 552. Wanted: The HoUansburi 
community, 14 miles from Greenville 
Ohio, is seeking a general practio 
physician. We have two Brethrei 
chiu-ches in our community. Pleas- 
contact: Village Council, HoUansburg 
Ohio. 



been added to tlie chiu-ch in the las 
two years. On account of crowded cor 
ditions and lack of parking space, th 
church has voted to relocate. A plarj 
ning committee is inspecting difFerer 
locations and will purchase one i 
soon as an appropriate one is foum 
The church has reorganized, electing 
board of thirty members, divided int 
six commissions. The children's choi 
directed by Linda Sterner, sings oe 
Sunday each month at the mornin 
worship service. Bro. Robert Moc 
conducted a week's meeting the la 
week of September which conclude 
with the love feast on World Commui 
ion Sunday. The congregation has sei 
clothing and other essentials to Ne 
Windsor for rehef. Robert Brow 
Horace Walker, and Mrs. Walker repr 
sented the congregation at the distri 
meeting at the Sugar Valley churc 
The women's fellowship directed tl 
harvest home service on Sunday ev 
ning, Nov. 26. — Lottie Hipes Bovraia 
Hanover, Pa, 

GOSPEL MESSENGI 



Western Pennsylvania 

Johnstown, Roxbury — The church 
lans for fellowship, growth, and serv- 
e. The mothers and daughters and 
le fathers and sons organizations each 
ad a banquet. We participated in a 
ommunity Bible school. A special 
r\'ice of installation for the church 
tficers and teachers was held. Mon- 
je Good, missionary to Africa, spoke 
nc Sunday. Our congregation was 
\ est to the vocational leadership work- 
, lop and the presentation of self-allo- 
r ation. The district children's work di- 
I ?ctor explained curriculum changes to 
le teachers. Two new deacons have 
ecn elected and were installed for a 
robationary period. The Elvis Cay- 
jrds, our new missionaries, were here 
)r a fellowship dinner. We had twenty- 
X campers at Camp Harmony. Those 
raduating from high school were hon- 
red at a special service and with gifts. 
'ra Huston spoke on peace. The juniors 
a\e had a class in church member- 
.ip. We also had a service in honor 
f senior citizens. Ten have been bap- 
'■ zed and five received by letter. — Mrs. 
" alph Kniss, Johnstown, Pa. 
' Maple Grove — The church had a 
edication and home-coming service on 
ct. 22. The original building was dedi- 
ited sixty-seven years ago. It has been 
)mpletely remodeled inside and new 
3WS and new piano and organ have 
sen installed in the past year. Three 
jars ago the basement was built with 
/e new Sunday school rooms added. 
he chinch building was moved back 
Dout fifty-five feet to a new location 
: this time with a new entrance to the 
isement added. Robert Jones of Win- 
on-Salem, N. C, dehvered the dedica- 
iry sermon. Ministers that have served 
[aple Grove have been Brethren E. 
lue, P. C. Strayer, J. E. Murphy, 
halmer Dilhng, Robert Jones, and 
ichard Gillin. Once each year the 
lildren of the church school are given 
penny. At the end of the year a mis- 
Dn story is presented and these pen- 
es are collected. More than 10,000 
jnnies have been saved and collected 
the past two years. — Mrs. Florence 
elley, Elton, Pa. 

Rummel — John Byers, the new pas- 
r, has been with us since June. In 
ily we had an election of officers for 
le new year. The evangelistic meet- 
gs were conducted in September by 
rother Byers, concluding with the love 
ast on Oct. 1. Two were baptized 
id fovir received by letter. Clarice 
!an Ott has returned home from the 
immer work camp at Fresno, Calif. 
he women's fellowship participated in 
aking school bags for the children in 
)uth America. We have appointed a 
immittee to investigate future expan- 
)n of our church facilities. — Mrs. Lois 
iwzer, Rummel, Pa. 



North and South Carolina 



,0 Melvin Hill — The average attend- 
ni ice at the vacation Bible school was 
sf rty-two. A nursery for preschool chil- 
li 'en during the morning worship serv- 
os 3 was recently set up. Sixteen campers 
;pl tended Camp Carolina during the 
st( mmer. The pastor, Charles Rine- 
ati irt, directed the youth camp. Bro. B. 
tl Wampler of Johnson City, Tenn., 
ev nducted a one-week revival. As a 
jiilsult, seven were received into the 
urch and seven were rededicated. 
iClNUARY 6, 1962 



Since the last report, eleven have been 
added to the church. We have remod- 
eled and added facilities to our Sunday 
school. The youth meet every Sunday 
night for special study. They carried 
on the UNICEF program for the first 
time in the community, collecting $32. 
We have an active Scout troop of 
twenty-one boys. Under the leadership 
of the board of Christian education, we 
have entered the experimental project 
on family education. We are planning 
a school of missions, the first in our 
congregation. — Mrs. Henry Wyant, 
Spartanburg, S. C. 

Eastern Virginia 

Hollywood — Bro. Paul Sanger of 
Ruckersville, Va., began a week's 
meeting on Oct. 22 and closed the fol- 
lowing Sunday night with a love feast. 
Brother and Sister O. R. Hersch of 
Manassas, Va., were visitors at the 
love feast service. The church was 
strengthened by Brother Sanger's stay 
with us. — Bertha M. Quann, Freder- 
icksburg, Va. 

First Virginia 

Roanoke, Hollins Road — On Aug. 13, 
we dedicated the new education build- 
ing and remodeled sanctuary. Our 
congregation was host to the district 
conference, Aug. 25-27. On the first 
Sunday in October, we had a dedica- 
tion service for all the Sunday school 
workers. Bro. David Rogers of the 
Central chinch held our fall preaching 
mission. Three were baptized and one 
was received by letter. A junior choir 
has been organized and is singing 
regularly under the direction of Mrs. 
Bob Stamback. The joint leadership 
training school with Williamson Road 
has been completed. The pastor and 
the choir had charge of services at the 
Roanoke Rescue mission in October. 
We joined with three community 
churches for a service on Thanks- 
giving eve. — Mrs. lona C. Sarver, Ro- 
anoke, Va. 

Northern Virginia 

Linville Creek — The Northern Vir- 
ginia church leaders' conference was 
held at our church in September. We 
had an installation and dedication 
service . for all Sunday school officers, 
teachers, and church officers following 
the worship service on Sept. 24. All 
church members were sohcited through 
the every-m ember canvass. The men 
of the church participated in the wor- 
ship service on Layman's Sunday. We 
had a week of planned visitation in 
lieu of the fall evangeHstic meeting. 
Thirteen of our women helped process 
clothing at the New Windsor relief 
center. Thirteen of the men attended 
the district men's banquet at Mill 
Creek. On Nov. 5, we had a recogni- 
tion service of the fifth anniversary of 
the dedication of the Linville Creek 
church. The district church extension 
commission sponsored a meeting on 
evangelism at our church, with Bro. 
Sam Flora, Jr. as guest leader. The 
congregation was host to the Broadway 
community Thanksgiving service, at 
which Rev. William Keller, pastor of 
the Broadway EUB church, was the 
speaker. — Mrs. W. Wallace Hatcher, 
Broadway, Va. 

Luray — Bro. Carson Key held a 




THE MIND 
OF JESUS 



WILLIAM BARCLAY 

More than a study of the historical 
Jesus, this book is infused with the 
author's devotion for the Savior. 
In his tender and reasonable study 
of the picture of Jesus, there 
breathes a real compassionate 
understanding of the Christ who 
walked among men and suffered 
for them in perfect love. Here is 
an enthusiasm which quickly in- 
fects the reader and draws him to 
a clearer understanding of the 
profound humanity of the divine 
Jesus. $5.00 

CHURCH of the BRETHREN 

GENERAL OFFICES 

Elgin, Illinois 



revival meeting. Doctor Schlaubach 
spoke on missions and showed slides of 
Ethiopia one evening. The church was 
host to the district men's banquet. 
Nine of our women spent a day at 
New Windsor processing clothing. We 
had a mother-daughter banquet in May. 
The Beacon Bible class spends one Sun- 
day each quarter visiting tlie elderly 
and sick, singing and providing wor- 
ship for them. The pastor and his wife 
were teachers for the district Bible 
school teachers' training meeting. We 
had a class for adults at the vacation 
Bible school. The youth had two ball 
games with the Mathias church, went 
on a weekend camping trip, had a lawn 
social, and bought equipment for their 

31 



MY NEW ADDRESS IS 



Name 

R. D. or St. 



P.O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 



1 



Classified Advertising 

BRETHREN — 55 or older, plan- 
ning for retirement — cordially in- 
vited to learn about Sebring Manor 
and Lorida Estates. Write: Florida 
Brethren Homes, Inc., P.O. Box 
273, Sebring, Fla. 



SANCTUARY ARRANGEMENT — 
A new method of church seating 
that all users like. Installations 
may be seen at the New Presby- 
terian church, Charlottesville, Va.; 
the College Street church. Bridge- 
water, Va.; Brethren church, Se- 
bring, Fla. Write for information: 
J. D. Wampler, 119 Oak Ave., Se- 
bring, Fla. 



recreation room. Wayne Judd was li- 
censed to the ministry. Our new pastor 
is Vernon Merkey. — Ruth Painter, Lu- 
ray, Va. 

Second Virginia 

Barren Ridge — The women's fellow- 
ship had a joint meeting of the circles 
and made favors for a hospital party 
that was held in December. Prof. 
Philip Trout conducted a music institute 
one Sunday. The senior choir has sung 
at several churches for evanglistic 
services. A youth choir is being organ- 
ized. The youth had a weekend re- 
treat at Brethren Woods to plan for this 
year's work. They also attended the 
movie, Question Seven, and gave a 
Christmas play. Peace on Mars. We 
now have a nursery for children under 
three years. The pastor preached the 
sermon for the union Thanksgiving 
service. We sent Christmas greetings 
to our missionary, Miss Louise Sayre. — 
Mrs. John W. Gilbert, Staunton, Va. 

Southern Virginia 

Boones Mill — In the absence of the 
pastor, Bro. Ezra Bowman filled the 
pulpit. The men had a fellowship sup- 
per in July with the meal being pre- 
pared and served by the men. During 
the week of Oct. 2-8, A. J. Caricofe of 
Pennsylvania conducted evangelistic 
services. As a result four were baptized. 
We observed the love feast service on 
Nov. 14, followed by the home-coming 
service on Sunday. On Thanksgiving 
eve we had a Thanksgiving service and 
viewed a film following it. — Mrs. Craw- 
ford Turner, Boones Mill, Va. 

First West Virginia 

Keyser — Benton Rhoades preached 
for us one Sunday morning and at- 
tended the four-in-one conference at 
Oakland, Md. We had a dedication 
service for parents and children on 
Mother's Day. Arthur Dean, church 
building counselor, met with us to dis- 
cuss and draw up plans for enlarging 
the church. Mrs. Carl Ludwick di- 
rected the vacation Bible school. Seven 
of our teachers attended the training 
session held in the Methodist church in 
Newcreek. Our congregation led all 
of the churches of the district in at- 
32 



tendance at Camp Galilee this year. 
All age group camps were well at- 
tended. We supplied one counselor for 
the junior camp and one for the junior 
high camp. The women's fellowship 
presented a play at district meeting at 
the Maple Spring church, Eglon. They 
plan to give the same play in the Moore- 
field church. The pastor, C. H. Cam- 
eron was elected moderator for this 
coming year. Ernest Muntzing of Ro- 
anoke, Va., was the evangelist for the 
revival meeting. We observed the love 
feast on World Communion day. Bibles 
were presented to those coming into 
the junior department. — Prema Lips- 
comb, Keyser, W. Va. 

Old Furnace — Thirty-six took part 
in the day-camp program the last week 



of July. Susie Thomas visited our 
church and showed slides of the work 
she is now doing in Japan. We had 
twenty-three campers and four coun- 
selors at Camp Galilee this summer. 
The following ministers were leaders 
for our evangelistic services: Reverend 
Miller of the Pinto Mennonite church, 
Bro. Jesse C. Pittman of Beaver Run, 
Bro. Stine Hockman of Romney, Broth- 
er Beard of the Short Gap Methodist 
church, and Bro. Levi Zeigler of West 
ernport. A community hjnnn sing closed 
the service. We had our love feast on 
World Communion Sunday. The wom^ 
en's fellowship has sent 1,100 pounds 
of clothing to New Windsor. The min- 
ister conducted a dedication service for 
the church school teachers and workers 
and officers. The tenfold area CBYF 
meeting was held in our church. 
Mrs. Earl Ellifritz, Ridgeley, W. Va 



CATHERINE MARSHALL 



a woman s 
pilgrimage 
in faith 




Beyond 
Our Selves 



With a skillful blend of deeply inspirational thought, coupled with 
loving and significant recollections of her own life, Catherine Marshall 
has created a vibrant, memorable book. Beyond Our Selves is, quite 
literally, a spiritual autobiography and will answer the needs of 
anyone searching for a more meaningful life, a more pertinent faith, 
and a more direct relationship with God. $4.95 

CHURCH of Ihe BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, III. 



GOSPEL MESSENGE 



Cnii^tcA cf Cn£<!LMe/a^t£/i^ 




MFSSENGFR 



JANUARY 13. 1962 




Religious News Service 



GI 



Birthday at a Jungle Hospital if ever a man deserved to enjoy his )ears of 
retirement, it would have been the jungle doctor, Albert Schweitzer, who many years ago 
dedicated his skill and his understanding to helping those in need and in pain. But Albert 
Schweitzer, soon to celebrate his eighty-seventh birthday, has not yet retired. He continues his 
quiet ministry at his African hospital. And he still works untiringly for peace among men 
everywhere. Long ago Dr. Schweitzer earned the respect of scholars for his studies in theology 
and philosophy. He was equally renovmed for his artistry as an organist. But the world 
community has learned to regard him as a great humanitarian who does not know how to retire. 



Gospel Messenger . 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

Greatest Need of the Hour 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
111., at $3.50 per annum In advance. Life 
Bubscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 
Ecumenical Press Service 

JANUARY 13. 1962 
Volume 111 Number 2 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Birthday at a Jungle Hospital 1 

Is the Church Grounded in This Jet 
Age? 5 

Noble Statements — Ignoble Actions 5 

The General Forum — 

Wanted: Worldly Christians. 

Richard A. Bollinger 3 

"We're Not Yet Ready for Integra- 
tion" (verse). Edith Lovejoy Pierce 4 

The Church and the Soviet Union. 
Part II. Norman J. Baugher 6 

A Message to the Churches 9 

Let's Have Purposeful Living for Re- 
tirement Years. J. Marion Roynon . . 10 

Take Time to Live. Phyllis Thompson 12 

God Is Speaking. Listen! Robert Mock 14 

Class Reunion (verse). 

Howard W. Winger 15 

Our Daily Bread. Gerald Neher 18 

BVS'ers ". . . Unto All the World." 
Richard Stern 20 

World Council of Churches Assembly 
Adopts Significant Statements 22 

Review of Recent Books 23 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 24 

Church News 27 



Contributors to This Issue 

Richard A. Bollinger is pastor of the 
Rochester Community Church, Topeka, 
Kansas. 

/. Marion Roynon is the administra- 
tor of Hillcrest Homes in La Verne, 
California. 

Robert Mock is pastor of the West 
Milton chiu-ch in Ohio. 

Phyllis Thompson hves in Ambon, 
Indonesia, where her husband teaches 
in a theological school. 



In this world today a few men 
have threatened the world so that 
there is turmoil, and peace is almost 
out of the picture. I appeal to 
Brethren to pray eamesdy and not 
only to pray — but pray and fast that 
the heart of "K," and all other Uke 
leaders, be changed. 

God can handle this affair much 
better than man. You know Nineveh 
was saved, and in only three days' 
time. Who knows but that "K" has 
come into the world for such a time 
as this that the world might see the 
demonstrations of God's power. 

God will hear us unitedly. "De- 
light thyself in the Lord and he vdll 
grant thee the desires of thine heart" 
(Ps. 37:4). -Clark C. Myers, 547 
ffighland S. E., Grand Rapids, Mich, 

Not Possible 

I am sure that the intentions of 
S. Mohler were honest and sincere 
when he proposed in a letter to the 
Gospel Messenger (Dec. 2) that those 
who refuse to pay taxes because of 
their military implications might hon- 
orably avoid imprisonment by in- 
creasing contributions to church and 
relief work. 

The suggestion is not, I believe, 
possible under the present tax laws 
unless one has a number of personal 
deductions as well as many deduct- 
ible expenses. Let's take an example 
of a married couple who earned 
$6,000 during the year. They would 
have $1,200 personal deductions and 
could give a maximum of 30% to 
church and charity, a total of $3,000 
which could be deducted. This 
leaves $3,000 on which taxes have 
to be paid. Even if unlimited con- 
tributions were deductible, ovir hypo- 
thetical couple would have to give 
$4,800 or 80% and be able to live 
on $1,200 allowed for personal de- 
ductions to be immune from impris- 
onment for nonpayment of taxes. — 
Rollin E. Pepper, 1414H Spartan 
Village, East Lansing, Mich. 

Unaware 

Flattery is a pleasant poison. In 
a measurable quantity such as money 
churches can be equated and ranked. 

If this must be done I am sug- 
gesting it be done simply and with- 
out comment. Then let it be for- 
gotten. I believe it is blessed for a 
church to be unaware of the extent of 
its own goodness. — Mrs. Robert 



Kelley, 703A Pleasure Road, Lan- 
caster, Pa. 

Concerning Selfishness 

The statements of the brother from 
Ohio (Dec. 9 Gospel Messenger) are 
quite disturbing, especially his state- 
ment that God gave his only begot- 
ten Son that he might receive honor 
and glory for a selfish purpose. The 
Scriptures tell us that Christ came to 
seek and to save that which was lost 
(Luke 19:10). He came that men 
might have life and that they might 
have it more abundantly (John 
10:10). 

God surely was not selfish or he 
would not have given his only be- 
gotten Son to suffer and to die for 
the sins of the whole world. . . . 

Missionaries give the best of their 
lives trying to change others from 
already satisfied ways. If they were 
selfish they would not be concerned 
about the lost. The only real satiS' 
faction we can have is when Christ 
rules and reigns within our lives and 
when we share our faith with those 
who know him not. 

We are not selfish when we strive 
to win souls for Christ and his king- 
dom. - Mrs. M. E. Shaffer, Box 154, 
Shrewsbury, Pa. 

The Real Thing 

I am quite interested in the Johnny 
Appleseed story (Nov. 25 issue). It 
is not a legend; it is the real thing. 
My grandmother and mother lived on 
the road he traveled, and Johnny, as 
they called him, traveled that road 
to go to his farm over by Mt. 
Blanchard. He stopped at their 
house more than once. The Indians 
told him that if he would ride a 
white horse they wouldn't kill a man 
on a white horse, for fear it would 
be he. His trees are all gone. The 
largest tree I ever saw was a small 
Rambo. It was at least over two 
feet through; that Rambo was the 
last Johnny Appleseed tree. 

If any one thinks Johnny Apple- 
seed is a myth, just tell him he is 
very mistaken. I was too young to 
see him; I am only ninety-one years 
old now. He wore his coon hide 
skullcap with a coon tail on behind! 
— it was quite an honor to have him 
stop in. He didn't make the trip 
often. We were all Brethren for a 
long time. — Eliza B. Freed, Wil- 
liamstown, Ohio. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



by Richard A. Bollinger 



WANTED: Worldlu Christians 



A N IDEA has lodged itself 
^1. in my head which I can- 
QOt shake loose. I am intrigued 
by the thought that our trouble 
as Christians comes not so much 
from being too worldly as from 
not being worldly enough. 
What God needs are genuinely 
worldly Christians. 

I am quite aware that this is 
not the usual way of speaking 
about Christianity. But I sub- 
mit that the thesis has an hon- 
orable pedigree whose ultimate 
authority is the Bible itself. 
For God so loved the world," 
begins the most familiar verse 
in the New Testament. There 
you have the whole essence of 
this strange notion. Christian 
worldliness derives from God's 
own worldliness. And God is 
worldly in that he created the 
world and called it good, and 
has ever since been calling his 
creation back to himself. 

I suspect we had best begin 
by defining what we mean by 
worldly Christianity so as to 
forestall misunderstanding. By 
worldly Christianity we do not 
intend the violent overthrow of 
all outward marks of faith. It 
has nothing to do v^th making 
Christian faith less distinctive 
or demanding. Nor does it 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



mean giving up the practice of 
love and humihty and those 
other quahties which long have 
been the hallmark of Christian 
grace. 

By worldly Christianity, rath- 
er, we are trying to point out 
the direction Christian commit- 
ment takes and the sphere in 
which it is lived. We use 
this term worldly in order to 
disabuse ourselves of the sub- 
terfuge of so much pseudo- 
Christian thinking, namely that 
being Christians makes us 
"otherworldly" creatures some- 
how divorced from the reahties 
of earthly existence. 

Indeed, the alert reader of 
the New Testament discovers 
there not world-denial but 
radical world-affirmation. The 
servants of the Word find them- 
selves in the thick of life's 
toughest problems, compelled 
to challenge both prince and 
pauper with the gospel, agents 
of reconciliation between God 
and man. 

We will have to be absolutely 
honest with ourselves when we 
talk like this. Our faith so sel- 
dom measures up to this healthy 
kind of worldliness. Two short- 
comings plague us. One is 
narrow otherworldliness which 



jealously guards itself from any 
intrusion. It plays "I've got a 
secret" with the world, daring 
outsiders to guess its relevance 
to modem times if they can. 

The other shortcoming is a 
false worldliness. Here the 
standards of success appropriate 
to the marketplace, the canons 
of conventional morality, and 
other values of society are con- 
fused with the articles of Chris- 
tian faith. It was this kind of 
worldhness which so aroused 
the ire of Jesus when he drove 
the money changers out of the 
temple. A like paganism in 18th 
century England made John 
Wesley cry out, "Oh who will 
make the Enghsh into honest 
heathen?" 

As Christians and as the 
church we must come to recog- 
nize that God demands as our 
response something more com- 
pelhng than either the bland 
otherworldhness or the crass 
worldhness which is so much 
with us. As disciples we are bid 
not to make our peace with the 
world, nor yet to carve out a 
special reservation in it, but to 
participate with our Lord in 
overcoming the world. 

What are the implications of 
discipleship that is worldly in 

s 



these terms? Dietrich Bon- 
hoeffer, who by virtue of his 
own martyrdom in World War 
II as a victim of the Nazis has 
a right to speak about such 
things, has written this arresting 
sentence: "When Christ calls 
a man, he bids him come and 
die." Using that insight, let us 
speak now of the worldly Chris- 
tian as one who dies. To what 
does he die? 

For one thing, he dies to 
narrow intellectual horizons. In 
view of past Christian history 
which has exhibited some of 
the world's best thinking, it 
seems odd to have to underline 
this point. Yet so often in our 
own day Christians fear to al- 
low their minds freedom. We 
are anxious lest some new dis- 
covery will put Christianity out 
of date. We keep trying to 
marshal support from scientists 
and philosophers for the exist- 
ence of God — as if anyone 
could prove it anyway I 

Being a worldly Christian sets 
a different temper for the mind. 
It does not fear what science 
will learn next. This is not to 
say we put our trust in what the 
mind finds. Our confidence lies 
in what God reveals, not in what 
man discovers. Nevertheless, 
what God reveals does not con- 
tradict the freedom of the mind, 
and God expects us to use our 
minds in the service of what he 
reveals. 

The worldly Christian also 
dies to immature emotional at- 
tachments. The story goes that 
a certain Brethren, when the 
going got rough for his point 
of view in council meeting, left 
the church muttering, "I don't 
know what's going on here, but 
I'm agin it!" Perhaps this il- 
lustrates the fact that not un- 
commonly what are taken to be 
firm convictions turn out to be 
nothing but emotional attach- 
ments which never got a high 
school education. 



Do you recall the occasion 
noted in Luke's gospel when 
Jesus sent James and John on 
ahead to make sleeping arrange- 
ments in Samaria? The Samari- 
tans would have nothing to do 
with them. Whereupon the 
"sons of thunder" exploded, 
"Lord, do you want us to bid 
fire come down from heaven 
and consume them?" The Scrip- 
ture tells us Jesus turned and 
rebuked them. That is proof 
enough that Jesus means his 
disciples, ancient and modem, 
to give up childish emotional 
commitments which hinder true 
Christian growth and action. 

How dismally we fail to let 
Christ transform our emotions, 
especially in the political 
sphere. The admission of Red 
China to the United Nations 
cannot even be discussed dis- 
passionately in our country. 
Civil Defense is fast becoming 
an emotional matter which, one 
fears, it soon will be un-Ameri- 
can to criticize. 

Again, the worldly Christian 
dies to irresponsibility. Irre- 
sponsibility goes beyond merely 
weak and foolish actions. Its 
grossest aspect may well be in- 
activity. Doing nothing says in 
effect, "A plague on both your 



houses. I don't care what hap- 
pens." 

The Christianity of our day 
must face up to the charge of 
neglect in this matter of respon- 
sible action. The pious beat 
their chests and say, "God wiU 
take care of us whatever hap- 
pens." I have no doubt that in 
its proper setting this sentiment 
smacks of good theology. But 
what does it mean? Does it 
mean that God blesses things as 
they are, especially "our" side? 
Does it mean that God really 
does not care about what hap- 
pens to the world, just so long 
as people are seeking personal 
salvation? Or is it perhaps an 
implicit acknowledgement that 
God cannot do anything in our 
kind of world, so we had better 
not risk thinking he can? Our 
unexamined pieties frequently 
proclaim not faith but fatahsm. 

A worldly Christian will 
never settle for the "what will 
be will be" doctrine. He takes 
God far too seriously for that. 
He is willing to take risks, even 
though the complacent lookers- 
on may later have the satisfac- 
tion of saying, "I told you so." 
He keeps clearly in mind that 
his reason for acting is not a 

Continued on page 13 



"WE'RE NOT YET READY FOR 
INTEGRATION" 

EDITH LOVEJOY PIERCE 
Give us more time to wallow in our sins: 
This town is not where brotherhood begins. 
We need more time to get from here to there; 
We haven't started moving anywhere. 
Unruly haste, and things get out of hand. 
Leave us our little houses built on sand. 
Our rights are threatened. Grant another stay. 
We're not yet ready for the Judgment Day. 
A thousand years, and things will start to whiz. 
We are not ready yet. — Alas, God is. 



GOSPEL MESSENGER 



[s the Church Grounded in This Jet Age? 



EDITORIALS 



THE most recent edition of a popular encyclo- 
pedia devotes six pages to Jesus Christ. It 
seems almost providential that in the center of 
the middle volume there v^^ould be a concise 
review of his ministry and his message. 

But when you turn the next page you dis- 
over that the editors have allotted another 
itfeix pages to the subject of jet propulsion. Side 
by side with the miracles of Jesus are the won- 
ders of the jet age. 

Observing this alphabetical association, you 
are tempted to make comparisons. Do jets de- 
serve as much space as Jesus? In another ten 
^ears, will Jesus get only four pages while some 
Qew high-speed, high-powered development 
receives twice as much attention? 

You can pursue that line of inquiry, but it 
is probably unfair to the encyclopedia's editors. 
They have done their best to describe the world 
in which we live; and we should be grateful 
that after two thousand years the lowly Man 
of Nazareth is still such a force that he must 
be reckoned with in this modem age. Though 
Jesus lived long before the age of invention and 
rapid transportation, the history of the Christian 
movement bears witness to the startling changes 
that his gospel has injected into the hves of 
persons — from the first century until this one. 

Instead of begrudging the attention that 
new sources of power receive in our day, we 
would do better to ask why the church today is 
often so lacking in power. Where is the dynamic 



that once threatened to turn the world upside 
down, that infiltrated a pagan civilization with 
radical ideas and new ideals? Is the church so 
comfortably settled in its way that it is per- 
manently grounded? We think not, but it will 
take more than the usual blasts of warm air 
from the pulpit to give it the propulsion it needs. 

Some of us believe there are stiU untapped 
sources of power lurking in the church of Jesus 
Christ. We have his own promise that power 
will come. In the early church we can see the 
evidence of its fulfillment. What a takeoff Pente- 
cost must have been, with tongues of fire to 
ignite the explosive winds of the Spirit and thus 
to inspire ordinary men and transform them 
into dynamos of spiritual energy. 

Pentecost can come again — in the jet age. 
The church need not remain at a standstill if it 
takes stock of its stores of spiritual fuel and 
learns once again how to ignite its cold engines. 
The slumbering church can be propelled for- 
ward and lifted to new heights by the sparks 
of the Spirit. Our greatest need today is not to 
apologize for Jesus Christ or to protest against 
those modem forces that may threaten to over- 
shadow him. What we need is rather the ex- 
plosion of a new force to upset comfortable 
churches and scatter their emissaries abroad as 
a testimony to the dynamic character of the 
Christian gospel. The most powerful jets do 
not have anything to compare with the thrust 
of the gospel. But who will release it? — k.m. 



Noble Statements — Ignoble Actions 



some 



Prime Minister Nehru of India had 
fine words to say last month to delegates 
to the World Council Assembly. But the visitors 
had scarcely left his country before he contra- 
dicted his noble statements by an ignoble act 
of aggression. 

The Indian statesman, speaking to church- 
men from all over the world, deplored the "cold- 
war spirit" in international relations. He said, 
"If we speak peace, we must adopt in some 
measure the ways of peace." No wonder the 
delegates applauded. 

But just a few weeks later the Indian army 
marched into Goa and took it by force. This 
was an evidence of far more than the cold-war 
spirit Mr. Nehru rightly criticized. This was a 
mihtary action directed by a man who has 
eulogized the ways of peace. No wonder it was 
greeted by storms of protest, even from India's 
best friends. 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



We know the explanations that Mr. Nehm 
oflFered. They are similar to the excuses that 
are used to justify military force on most occa- 
sions. But having such worthy objectives still 
does not make a case for aggression. The end 
does not justify the means. India is in a position 
of leadership today because Mahatma Gandhi 
conducted its campaign for independence by 
non- violent methods. It is tragic that his pupil, 
the present prime minister, has turned away 
from the ways of his teacher. 

Statesmen often have difficulty in squaring 
their actions with the noble principles they 
enunciate. It is easy for Americans to criticize 
India for taking Goa, yet only a few months ago 
we attempted the use of force in Cuba. All of 
which reminds us how much easier it stiU is 
to cry "Lord, Lord" than to observ^e what the 
Lord tells us to do. No]:)le statements, like 
noble intentions, are not enough. — k.m. 



y-^^^ravf/n^-^^^^/x;}^^'^ 




Church 



and the 



Soviet Union 



by Norman J. Baugher 



Christians are called upon to seize opportunities 
to build bridges of understanding and reconcilia- 
tion between themselves and their churches as 
well as between nations. En route to the New 
Delhi Assembly of the World Council of Churches, 
my wife and I took the opportunity to visit 
Moscow, Russia, for the purpose of gaining a 
modest firsthand knowledge of the churches and 
of church life in the Soviet Union. We spent 
three intensive days in interviews with representa- 
tives of the Orthodox Church of Russia and visit- 
ing several of her institutions; then two days with 
representatives of the Baptist Union of the Soviet 
Union. 

The information which follows is compiled 
from our numerous notes and from recollections 
of interviews. Material is not quoted directly or 
attributed to specific persons although it repre- 
sents a careful effort to give a fair summary of 
replies to our inquiries. The material is presented 
somewhat as if the reader were reviewing our 
private notebook. This section deals with the 
Baptist Union of the U.S.S.R. 



PART II 

THE position of Protestant faith in the Soviet 
Union is both similar to and distinct from 
that of Russian Orthodoxy reported last week. 
Protestants united in the AU Union Council of 
Evangelical Christian Baptists include the Bap- 
tists, the Evangehcals (Plymouth Brethren), 
and the Pentecostals. They have a church in 
Moscow^ w^ell-knov^Ti outside Russia because of 
publicity given to it abroad. The Baptist group 
is the largest and most vigorous Protestant 
group and is organized throughout the Soviet 
Union as the Baptist Union, Other groups in 
the Soviet Union are Lutherans and Armenians. 

We spent two interesting and intensive days 
in fellowship, worship, and conversations with 
the Baptist Union people. Among those inter- 
viewed were Rev. Jakov Zhidkov, president of 
the Baptist Union and senior minister of the 
Moscow church, Rev. Alexander Karev, general 
secretary of the Baptist Union, Rev. Iha Oclov, 
preacher of the Moscow church, member of its 
foreign department and a dental surgeon, and 
eight other members of the staflp of the Baptist 
Union and of the Moscow church. 

We worshiped in this congregation on a 
Sunday morning when 2,000 persons crowded 
into the service and received communion and on 
a Sunday evening which included a wedding 
service. We were guests at a staff luncheon in 
the church and had opportunity to see their 
facilities, discuss the program of the church, and 
interview the leaders. 

We offer the following account of our visit: 
questions asked and the summary from our notes 
of answers given. No attempt is made here to 
analyze the answers or to give our personal im- 
pressions. If the reader had been along, this 
is what he would have heard: 

We were impressed greatly with the two services 
we attended. Tell us something of the Bap- 
tist Union church of Moscow. 
The congregation numbers 4,650 members 
and is growing steadily. There is only one 
church building for the congregation in Moscow, 
but many small groups meet in homes. Though 
the church seats only about 600, the average | 
Sunday morning attendance is 2,000 and the 
average Sunday evening attendance is about 
1,500. At midweek services the attendance is 
about 1,500 also. There is a choir of 60 voices 
and a pipe organ 100 years old. 

There are nine ministers on the staff but 
several of them serve also on the staff of the 
Baptist Union of the U.S.S.R. In addition to the 
staff members the Moscow congregation has ten 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



I 



)reachers. Since the congregation is made up 

|)f the three Protestant bodies which had work 
'* n Moscow before the Revolution of 1917, the 
^J ninisterial staff comes from all three groups — 

3aptists, Pentecostals, and EvangeUcals (Plym- 

)uth Brethren). 

low large is the Baptist Union in the U.S.S.R.? 

Is it growing? 

There are about 545,000 baptized members 
)f the church in about 550 congregations. Eight 
:o ten thousand are baptized annually and the 
i, growth is more rapid than ever before. There 
ire no baptisms under age eighteen or the num- 
3er would be much greater. 






■J 



low are ministers trained? 

The Baptist Union has not believed histori- 
ally in professional training for the clergy. They 
ire trained at the feet of Christ. There are no 
jchools for training the clergy, and this is not 
iue to any church-state problems. Each con- 
gregation has a pastor in charge of the workers 
who generally serves full-time. 

In addition to the pastor, each congregation 
!has an average of about six "preachers." These 
preachers represent a form of lay ministry in 
which they are employed outside the church 
but give freely of their time to the preaching of 
the Word of God to the people. Considerable 
[importance is attached to the system of "preach- 
iers" in that it multipUes the number performing 
ministerial functions and involves laymen in the 
significant task of preaching the gospel. 



What classes and organizations are there in the 

church? 

No youth or children's organizations are per- 
mitted. Candidates for membership receive in- 
struction over a two-year period. The choir is 
permitted to rehearse for public worship serv- 
ices. 



May the church he openly evangelistic? 

There is no widespread public mission or 
evangehstic program. It vrauld be impossible 
to hold a Billy Graham-type of evangehstic 
meeting. But this is not so bad. There are over 
five hundred thousand members, and every 
member is encouraged to be a missionary. Every 
member is supposed to have five to ten people 
who hsten to him about Christ and the church. 
So there is enough freedom of religion to give 
the church many opportunities and the church 
is growing. 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



How did the Revolution of 1917 and the coming 

into power of the Communist Party change 

the life of the church? 

The church's principles are evangelical and 
eternal and not flexible or changeable on ac- 
count of the revolution. Before the revolution 
Baptists (and other Protestant groups) were a 
sect dominated and oppressed by the state 
church, which was the Russian Orthodox 
Church. After the revolution a decree was made 
that all churches should be equal, and this gave 
the Baptists (and other Protestant groups) a 
new recognition and status. 

The laws and decrees regarding religion as- 
sure freedom to preach openly and without 
control of the sermons. However, because the 
socialist government is materialistic, the church 
is not encouraged and, indeed, is taught against 
as is God himself. 

How does the church feel about the program of 

the Soviet Union? 

There are two parts of the Communist pro- 
gram: economic and ideological. The economic 
achievements for the betterment of living con- 
ditions are very good. Things are so much better 
than ever before. The early Christians held 
things in common. This part of the Communist 
program the church can support and encourage. 
The ideology the church cannot support. This 
part teaches against God and rehgion. It is 





Religious News Service 

The Angenskalna Baptist church of Riga, Latvia, has 
been closed by Soviet authorities who evicted the 500- 
member congregation from its 40-year-old church in the 
heart of the city. Although nationalized when the 
Russians took over Latvia in 1940, the church was used 
by the congregation until recently when the Communist 
officials decided they need the building. Only three 
of the eight Baptist churches in Riga now remain open 



atheistic and wrong. The church must stand 
against this, and is trying to do this in difiBcult 
circumstances. The party program is for free- 
dom, happiness, equahty, and labor for all. 
The church can go along with this, but it needs 
to add to it the teachings of Christ, for they are 
the foundation of hfe. 

How is the church's relationship to society con- 
ceived? 

The church would seem to exist to declare 
salvation in Jesus Christ. The most important 
thing that can happen is for a man to be saved 
and to live the Christian hfe. The church does 
not exist to bring about social change. It exists 
to nurture faith in God through Jesus Christ, 
the devotional life, and a personal Christian 
life. This conception of the church's role is 
much the same now as it has been for centuries 
and is not a point of view developed because of 
the pressures of communism. It is theologically 
rooted. 

Representatives of the Baptist Union partici- 
pated at both the Puidoux and Prague Peace 
conferences at which Brethren were repre- 
sented also. What impressions were left by 
these encounters between persons from East 
and West? 

There seemed to be genuine appreciation for 
the opportunity to meet with persons from the 
West to discuss some of the theological and ethi- 
cal aspects of peace. There is not an acceptance 
of pacifism. Weapons would seem to be neces- 
sary for the sake of order in the world. But it 
is most important to all work for peace. 

Is there fear of war in the Soviet Union? 

War was very real and tragic to some of 
those interviewed. Mr. Zhidkov lost three sons 
in the last war and the interpreter in the foreign 
department lost two brothers. Out of this ex- 
perience there was strong consensus that war 
is terrible to face; everyone fears it. 

Is there expectation that there may he another 

war? 

Many feel that there may be a war between 
the United States and the Soviet Union, but 
they do not want it. U.S.A. policies in arms and 
agitation cannot be understood. Soviet news- 
papers carry very httle about the recent resump- 
tion of nuclear testings. No instructions have 
been given by the government to the people of 
the Soviet Union regarding fallout shelters and 
there are no evidences anywhere in Moscow 
that any kind of program is under way for 
building either family or community shelters. 




Religious News Service 

Polish Baptists recently dedicated a new $120,000 
Baptist building (top) in Warsaw in a three-day series 
of services opened by the Rev. Alexander Kircum as he 
held up the Bible inviting the worshipers in (bottom) 



What relationship does the Baptist Union have 

with other bodies? 

The Baptist Union of the U.S.S.R. is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist World Alliance. The Rev. 
Jakov Zhidkov is the president of the AU Union 
Council of Evangehcal Christian Baptists and a 
Vice-president of the Baptist World Alhance. 
He recently visited Canada in a fraternal ca- 
pacity. He expressed grave concern about the 
unchristian deceit and misrepresentation by cer- 
tain fundamentalist publications in America re- 
garding his relationships to the Baptist World 
Alliance and his position in relation to com- 
munism. 

The Baptist Union has a foreign department 
which is responsible for the exchange and study 
of religious pubHcations around the world, the 
carrying on of correspondence with many 
churches, agencies, and individuals of many 
countries, and serving as host and interpreter 
for foreign visitors. The three staff members of 
the department exhibited considerable knowl- 
edge of church life and Christian thought in 
many lands. The department library of church 
publications and correspondence is quite re- 
flective of world Christendom. The department 
would welcome exchanging official pubHcations. 
with the Church of the Brethren. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



¥hat is the reaction to the application of the 
Orthodox Church of Russia for membership 
in the World Council of Churches? 
The Baptist Union is happy for this apphca- 

ion, approves it, and hopes that it will be ap- 

roved by the New Delhi Assembly. (Later it 

vas approved. ) 

Is the Baptist Union considering applying for 

membership in the World Council of 

Churches? 

This question is being given serious study. 

application is not anticipated immediately 
lut probably membership will be sought some 
le in the future. Two of the groups compris- 



ing the Baptist Union, the Plymouth Brethren 
and the Pentecostals, are reluctant until more 
time is provided to study the council. 

What is your feeling toward Christians of other 

lands? 

There is great, great eagerness to establish 
fraternal relations. Visitors to the Soviet Union 
with church interests are welcome. The Baptist 
Union is eager to learn to know other people of 
God outside the Soviet Union. Continued con- 
tacts with the Church of the Brethren would be 
a source of joy and enrichment. If mutual ef- 
forts can be developed these shall be explored 
with all the openness possible and practical. 
Christ is surely the only hope of the world. 



^or\d Council IKssemh\\}x 

MESSAGE to 



li "pHE Third Assembly of the World Council 
" -i- meeting in New Delhi addresses this letter 
the member churches and their congregations. 
CI Ve rejoice and thank God that we experience 
ere a fellowship as deep as before and now 
t'ider. New member churches coming in con- 
iderable numbers and strength both from the 
ncient orthodox tradition of Eastern Christen- 
dom and from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and 
ther parts of the world visibly demonstrate that 
Christianity now has a home in every part of the 
vorld. In this fellowship we are able to speak 
nd act freely, for we are all partakers together 
^ith Christ. Together we have sought to under- 
tand our common calling to witness, service, 
nd unity. 

We are deeply grateful for the prayers of 
ountless Christian people and for the study of 
ur theme, Jesus Christ the Light of the World, 
•y which many of you have shared in our work. 
■Jow we return to our churches to do, with you, 
he things that have been shown to us here. 

All over the world new possibilities of life, 
reedom, and prosperity are being actively, even 
lassionately pursued. In some lands there is 
lisillusionment with the benefits that a tech- 
licaUy expert society can produce, and over all 
here hangs the shadow of vast destruction 
hrough war. Nevertheless, mankind is not para- 
yzed by these threats. The momentum of 
change is not reduced. We Christians share 
len's eager quest for life, for freedom from 

ANUARY 13, 1962 



the CHURCHES 



poverty, oppression, and disease. God is at 
work in the opening possibilities for mankind 
in our day. He is at work even when the powers 
of evil rebel against him and call down his 
judgment. We do not know by what ways God 
will lead us, but our trust is in Jesus Christ, 
who is now and always our eternal life. 

When we speak to men as Christians we 
must speak the truth of our faith: that there is 
only one way to the Father, namely Jesus Christ, 
his Son. On that one way we are bound to meet 
our brother. We meet our brother Christian. 
We meet also our brother man, and before we 
speak to him of Christ, Christ has already sought 
him. 

Christ is the way and, therefore, we have to 
walk together witnessing to him and sewing all 
men. This is his commandment. There is no 
greater service to men than to tell them of the 
living Christ and no more eflFective witness than 
a hfe o£Fered in service. The indifference or 
hostihty of men may check our open speaking 
but God is not silenced. He speaks through the 
worship and the sufferings of his church. Her 
prayers and patience are, by his gracious ac- 
ceptance of them, made part of the witness he 
bears to Christ. 

We need to think out together in concrete 
terms the forms of Christian service for today 
and together act upon them. In no field has 
Christian cooperation been more massive and 

Continued on page 13 



Let's have 



PURPOSEFUL LIVIN 



FOR RETIREMENT YEARS 



by J. Marion Roynon 



THE percentage of persons 
reaching age sixty-five is 
steadily increasing. It is esti- 
mated that at the present time 
one person in twelve has 
reached the age of sixty-five, 
but by 1975 the ratio will be 
one in eight. 

The economics of today's 
living demand that many of 
these people be classified as 
retired citizens. The status of 
retirement — lack of income as 
the result of one's labor — means 
many things. In many cases, it 
means the lack of adequate in- 
come to meet the demands of 
efficient hving conditions; this 
in turn means that the inade- 
quacy must be implemented in 
various ways. 

The retiree must curtail liv- 
ing expenses to live within the 
income provided from retire- 
ment funds accrued, or he may 
need to seek a type of living 
whereby he may share expenses 
with other members of his fami- 



ly or with others of like hving 
requirements. 

Along with inadequacy of in- 
come, another factor becomes 
paramount — the lack of securi- 
ty not only because of the status 
in which the retiree finds him- 
self but of his fear for what the 
future may hold. Other condi- 
tions, besides the financial, 
cause this age group to seek a 
change in hving status. Physi- 
cal or mental deterioration or 
regression, the loss of near rela- 
tives or friends or their inabihty 
to help, and the present eco- 
nomic and social modes which 
make it impractical and nearly 
impossible for two or three age 
groups to live together in the 
same household are reasons for 
seeking the shelter of a differ- 
ent environment. 

The church, through its 
founding of retirement homes 
for the aging, is attempting to 
meet the needs of this segment 
of our population. It is a field 



10 



which is exceedingly recom- 
pensing in the reward cherishec 
by the Christian. Where a pro- 
gram, motivated to create ar 
atmosphere of brotherly love, i; 
developed and administered 
the recipients of such devotioi 
are aware "that God cares too.' 
Many retired persons hav( 
the financial ability to pay foi 
the services rendered in 
church home. The role of the 
church in this instance is tcl 
provide a program that is stim , 
ulating and productive to the 
individual. The church organi' 
zation should not be caugh 
charging those who can afforc 
it a higher rate in order to meei 
the deficit in programing foii 
those who are unable to pay 
This is enforced voluntary con 
tribution and is httle credit t( 
church welfare participation 
Most homes will rely on othe; 
means of developing a func 
which wiU provide "scholar I 
ships" for those otherwise quali 

GOSPEL MESSENGEII 

J 



ied but who do not have the 
lecessary funds for residency. 

Retirement homes should be 
ocated in a community so that 
he resident has the opportunity 
:o participate as a citizen of the 
jommunity to the extent of his 
ibihty. The desire to communi- 
late, to participate, and to 
)e alert continues usually to 
he end of life. There are homes 
vhich provide a weU-rounded 
jrogram of activities to meet 
-he spiritual, mental, physical, 
md social needs of the resident, 
rhe program includes: Bible 
itudy, prayer services, Sunday 
/espers, writing and apprecia- 
ion of poetry, book reviews, 
"ormal physical exercises, shuf- 
leboard, croquet, sewing, paint- 
ng, ceramics, rug weaving, 
leUing of materials produced by 
he residents, programs of lec- 
tures and pictures, visiting 
places of educational and in- 
trinsic interest, birthday din- 
aers, picnics, socials and parties 
m special occasions such as 
Christmas, Halloween and New 
ITear's Eve. An activities coun- 
cil is elected to work with the 
director to formulate and aug- 
iment the program. It should 
36 stressed that the program is 
or the benefit of the residents 



and not to give a job for the 
director. 

Included in the Home pro- 
gram should be the security of 
care when one is physically un- 
able to care for one's self. It is 
well that the facilities and pro- 
gram are such that registrants 
are induced to enter before they 
are a physical hability. In this 
way residents are respected be- 
cause they are well and strong. 
If they have participated in a 
program of cooperative assist- 
ance to the needy, they are 
known to have been that kind 
of an individual in the event 
they become incapacitated, 
rather than to be known as and 
treated as a sickly person. 

Ministering to aches and 
pains through an adequate 
physical and mental therapy 
program is essential. Many resi- 
dents have become able to walk 
again and to perform many 
muscular activities which had 
been thought to be passe. 
Many people of retirement age 
are finding life to be much 
more rewarding and invigorat- 
ing and with much more pur- 
pose by having contracted to 
live with a community of people 
with common purposes and 
high ideals. They have come to 
a home geared to a program of 



hving rather than going to a 
place to die. 

Christians believe that every 
individual is bom with the God- 
given right to be loved, to be- 
long, and to have the privilege 
of performing to the best of his 
ability. To have Hved a life of 
usefulness and then to have 
reached the age in life, when 
bodily functions cause a cur- 
tailment in the habitual activi- 
ties of former years in no way 
lessens a person's claim to these 
rights. 

None of us ever reaches the 
time when he does not often 
feel the need that the child so 
aptly expresses in his desire to 
have someone "to hold his 
hand." We want security of 
being with someone who cares. 
Many homes for the aging are 
"adding life to the years" of 
their residents by providing the 
facilities and the program which 
make the later years meaning- 
ful. 



The World Refugee Year stamp 
plan yielded $1,500,000 to aid Arab 
refugees from Palestine and other 
refugees around the world. Seventy- 
five postal administrations from five 
continents contributed to the pro- 
gram. Before its completion, the 
stamp plan may realize another 
$100,000. 




The architect's drawing of the proposed Home for the Aging to be built at Bridgewater, ^'irginia, 
by the districts of Eastern, Northern, and Second Virginia and First and Second West \'irginia 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



by Phyllis Thompson 



take time to 



live 



THE telephone is ringing, 
the baby is crying, the 
neighbor is calling, the clothes 
are spinning, there's a knock on 
the door, and the coffee aroma 
from the kitchen is beckoning! 
I think nothing of this because 
it is a typical morning. 

I need to sew and I would 
hke to work in the yard. The 
boy would enjoy a swim at the 
pool, but if I do not attend the 
committee meeting this after- 
noon someone wiU question my 
devotion. 

The evening is the same story. 
I must choose from three places 
of equal importance the one 
place to devote my time. May- 
be I can get the baby into bed 
before I catch the seven o'clock 
bus for downtown. 

I hear people talking about 
having interests outside the 
home, being involved in a pro- 
gram which enables a wife to 
be an educationally fit com- 
panion to her husband. And I 
begin to think, "And how little 
of 3iat I seem to dol" Time goes 
so quickly. Some things are 
accomplished while others are 
left undone, but not unnoticed. 
What is the purpose of living? 
To be always chasing myself 
around? Do I really take time 
to hve my hfe? 

12 



Then one day all of this 
"tornado" hving changed. How? 
Our family moved to a foreign 
country. 

All was new. There was 
much to learn. The biggest 
thing I noticed was having so 
much time to learn it in. It 
was not hard to understand! 
We were new and not yet in- 
volved with living here. How 
do I spend my time now? There 
were many hours needed for 
language study, other hours for 
learning about our new home- 
land, places to visit and people 
to meet. But then what? There 
were stiU more hours in the day. 

The phone had stopped ring- 
ing. The neighbors did not 
come as often. The quick serv- 
ice train to the city was gone. 
There were no committee meet- 
ings to attend, and our partici- 
pation in church activities was 
still limited to Sunday services. 

There was a new type of 
busyness which occupied the 
day, and yet the mind was 
not as swamped. The evenings 
were quiet, except for soimds 
of neighboring folk enjoying an 
evening walk. There was time 
to sit and hve — but how? Why 
did I feel guilty at just sitting 
and listening to a record or 
reading a novel? Just sitting! 



Was this not enjoying life? 

Why do we get so involved 
in hving that we fail to live? 
Why do so many have disturbed 
minds and confused hves? Is it 
social pressure or pressure from 
ourselves to be involved, well 
thought of, and "in the know"? 

In the Book of Isaiah we 
read: 

" In returning and rest you 
shall be saved; in quiet- 
ness and in trust shall be 
your strength; 
And you would not.' " 

Are we one of the "would 
nots"? There certainly will 
come a time when we cannot 
just "keep on keeping on." 
There will come a time when 
our bodies will demand a rest 
and relaxed pace of living. May- 
be we shall be ready to take the 
rest or maybe we wiU not, but 
the demand will come. Then 
we may* find it easier to gain the 
art of sitting still, hstening, and 
meditating, and not have a 
guilt feeling because of it. 

At this time, when we under- 
stand, we shall find there is 
plenty of time for play with the 
children, table talk with the 
husband, meditation for the 
wife alone, and, yes, even time 
for a choice of outside-the-home 
activities. When we choose 

GOSPEL MESSENGER) 



what we shall participate in, we 
shall find ourselves making a 
real contribution to the organi- 
zation we have chosen instead 
of just an attempt at it. 

I have heard missionaries re- 
mark how they have appreci- 
ated the family living they feel 
they have achieved as they 
enter another part of the world 
and find time to live together. 
I fully endorse the statement. 

We came to contribute to the 
country of Indonesia, but I feel 
the Indonesian people have 
made the first contribution, 
sharing their art of sitting, 
empty-handed, resting, or chat- 
ting, and often just using the 
gift of thinking. My wish to all 
is that we, together, can master 
the art of taking time to hve! 



Wanted: 
Worldly Christians 

Continued from page 4 

foohsh optimism about the 
bright new world just around 
the comer, but a faithful re- 
sponse to the God who calls 
him into the partnership of suf- 
fering. "We must hve a world- 
ly hfe," Dietrich Bonhoeffer 
wrote from prison, "and so par- 
ticipate in the sufl^erings of 
God." 

Narrow intellectual horizons, 
immatinre emotional attach- 
ments, irresponsibility — these 
the worldly Christian dies to. I 
am painfully aware how nega- 
tive and judgmental this all 
sounds. There is another side. 
The worldly Christian also hves 
for something. He dares to 
be authentically otherworldly. 
That is to say, his confidence 
and hope are fed, not by what 
he can bring about in the world 
or in what he sees happening, 
but by the trust which has been 
called forth in him by God in 
Christ. 

Here is the conclusion of the 
matter: as Christians we are 
faced with the urgency of be- 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



coming disciples in the world 
and for the world, because we 
belong to him who loves the 
world. 

"God so loved the world." 

A Message to the Churches 

Continued from page 9 

eflFective than in service to 
people in every kind of distress. 
There is no more urgent task 
for Christians than to work to- 
gether for community within 
nations and for peace with jus- 
tice and freedom among them, 
so that the causes of much con- 
temporary misery may be root- 
ed out. We have to take our 
stand against injustice caused 
to any race or to any man on 
account of his race. We have to 
learn to make a Christian con- 
tribution to the service of men 
through secular agencies. Chris- 
tian love requires not only the 
sharing of worldly goods but 
costly personal service. All over 
the world young people are giv- 
ing an example in their spon- 
taneous offering of themselves. 

We must together seek the 
fullness of Christian unity. We 
need for this purpose every 
member of the Christian family, 
of Eastern and Western tra- 
dition, ancient churches and 
younger churches, men and 
women, young and old, of every 
race and every nation. Our 
brethren in Christ are given to 
us, not chosen by us. In some 
things our convictions do not 
yet permit us to act together, 
but we have made progress in 
giving content to the unity we 
seek. Let us, therefore, find out 
the things which in each place 
we can do together now, and 
faithfuUy do them, praying and 
working always for that fuller 
unity which Christ v^dUs for his 
church. 

This letter is written from the 
World Council of Churches' 
Assembly. But the real letter 
written to the world today does 
not consist of words. We Chris- 



tian people, wherever we are, 
are a letter from Christ to his 
world "written not with ink but 
with the spirit of the living 
God, not on tablets of stone but 
on tablets of human hearts." 
The message is that God in 
Christ has reconciled the world 
to himself. Let us speak it and 
live it with joy and confidence 
"for it is the God who said 'Let 
light shine out of darkness' who 
has shone in our hearts to give 
the hght of the knowledge of 
the glory of God in the face of 
Jesus Christ." 

Advances in Civil Rights 

America achieved its greatest leg- 
islative advances in civil rights since 
the Civil War during the seven years 
followdng the Supreme Court's his- 
toric school desegregation decision 
in 1954, according to the American 
Jewish Committee. 

The period also witnessed for the 
first time widespread use of popular 
demonstrations, such as sit-ins and 
freedom rides to achieve racial 
equality. The committee made these 
observations in its annual summary 
of civil rights advances in the U.S. 
Louis Caplan, president of the com- 
mittee, listed the following gains 
during 1961 as being especially 
noteworthy: 

1. For the first time since the 
Supreme Court ruling, school de- 
segregation was accomplished with- 
out incident in Atlanta, Dallas, 
Memphis, New Orleans, Little Rock 
and other cities of the South. 

2. Congress extended the life of 
the Federal Civil Rights Commission 
for two more years. 

3. Twelve new law suits were 
initiated by the Justice Department 
in Southern counties to insure Negro 
Americans the right to vote. 

4. Minnesota, New Hampshire, 
New Jersey, New York and Pennsyl- 
vania joined four other states in out- 
lawing discrimination in private 
housing. 

5. Idaho, New Hampshire, North 
Dakota and Wyoming barred dis- 
crimination in pubhc accommoda- 
tions. 

6. Enforceable fair employment 
practice laws were passed by the 
Ilhnois, Kansas and Missouri legis- 
latures, bringing the total to twenty. 

7. Continued segregated travel 
has been challenged by the Freedom 
Riders. 

13 



Qod 

LISTEN! 



by Robert Mock 



DIOGENES of old went 
about with his hghted 
lamp, looking for an 
honest man. He was but one of 
vast multitudes who have, each 
in his own way, sought to find 
the real meaning of life. Where 
are life's values to be found? 

For him who is sincere in his 
search for the hfe Christ came 
to bring, there are many hghts 
to point the way, but none that 
is quite so indispensable as the 
Ught that comes from God's 
written Word. Now we all be- 
lieve this with our minds, but 
we do not practice this belief 
in daily hfe. For many church 
members the Bible is a closed 
book — in a noticeable place in 

14 



our house, but closed. It is 
really a hidden volume though 
it still stands as a best seller 
around the world. And, truth- 
fully, we can no more be a 
Christian without reading the 
Bible than we can stay alive 
without eating food. 

Rediscovery of the Bible has 
always brought new life to the 
church. At the Renaissance, 
Greece "arose from the dead 
with the New Testament in her 
hand." The Reformation began 
when Martin Luther learned 
from Erasmus' Greek Testament 
that the scripture did not say, 
"Do penance," as the Vulgate 
has it, but rather, "Change your 
mind!" God's demand is not for 
penance, but for penitence and 
repentance. 

John and Charles Wesley and 
a httle company of their Ox- 
ford friends read the Bible for 
themselves and the Great 
Awakening began. George 
Whitefield saw no hope for "the 
wild Irish," as he called them, 
unless the Bible should be put 
into their peculiar dialect. The 
name of Jonathan Edwards is 
associated with no particular 
version of the Bible, but no 
small part of his ministry was 
devoted to translating into the 
idiom of New England ideas 
which in the Bible were phrased 
in the language of another land 
and another age. 

But why read a book 1,000 
years old? At first glance, there 
may be no reason. The Bible 
seems to be strange reading 
in our high-powered, space- 
conscious age. Its place names 
sound peculiar: Samaria, Kir- 
jath-jearim, Beer-sheba, Galilee, 
Ashdod, Cana, Jericho. Much 
more familiar and important for 
us are places hke Washington, 
D.C., Moscow, Kuwait, Algeria, 
Laos, Stanleyville, Cape Ca- 
naveral. Even the characters 
of the Bible answer to unusu- 
al names: Isaiah, Habakkuk, 
Nahum, Magdalene, Tabitha. 



More famihar are names hke 
Kennedy, Rusk, Khrushchev, 
Hoffa, Grissom, Mickey Mantle, 
Marilyn Monroe. The Biblical 
heroes fought with strange 
weapons, ate unfamihar foods, 
played instruments whose 
sounds we cannot imagine, and 
apparently used strange, crude 
terms of speech. 

So why read the Bible? There 
is only one reason to read the 
Bible. It is that the Bible speaks 
with the authority of God. 
When we read the Bible our 
gaze must be riveted first on 
God. And please — do not mis- 
understand. The Bible does not 
present us with an idea of God, 
a theological essay on God's at- 
tributes, or a well-articulated 
metaphysic of God and the uni- 
verse. It presents us plainly 
and simply with God. Any 
other book of religion, philoso- 
phy, or science may tell us 
about God. But in the Bible we 
meet God. 

Any person who gives regu- 
lar attention to the reading of 
the Bible may discover for him- 
self that he is face to face not 
merely with a moving record 
of the dead past, but with a hv- 
ing person — with a living per- 
son who confronts him with 
commands, love, and friendship. 
This person is active, vivid, 
ardent, persuasive, authorita- 
tive, and sovereign. We face 
him everywhere in these strange 
pages. He is always the same 
being, yet ever actively inter- 
vening in hmnan events and in 
men's lives to draw them to 
himself. 

There is no substitute for 
reading the Bible. It is impossi- 
ble for a responsible person to 
be a Christian and not read the 
Bible. That Book still stands 
unrivaled as the witness to the 
earliest saving deed of God in 
human history. The Bible alone 
records with authentic fuUness 
how God came to save man, to 
give us a new age by making 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



il iis new creatures in Cln-ist. 
ei The God of the Bible is the 
til Supreme Being who creates the 
Ci sarth and its fuUness, who 
ig masters the sea and rides the 
di winds, who lays out the glori- 
s 3US expanse of the heavens as 
Di I garment, beyond whom is no 
power, and beside whom is no 
other god. This God calls 
A.braham to his service; he con- 
verses almost man to man with 
Moses; he inspires the prophets; 
and he extends his providential 
control over the hfe of his na- 
tion, giving that nation rein to 
stray away to the point of 
apostasy and destruction, but 
always working out in spite of 
this his own goals. 

And most astonishing of all, 
this God of Abraham, Isaac, and 
Jacob, the God of Moses, the 
torrential power of judgment 
speaking doom to the nation 
through the prophets, this com- 
passionate and eager Master, 
Lord and Savior of Israel, be- 
comes in the gospels a living 
man, whose life and teachings 
introduce us to the same mighty 
and loving will. As that man 
wrestles with the dire enemies, 
sickness, sin and death, he em- 
ploys only human power which 
has nevertheless been elevated 
to invincibility by divine love. 
You simply cannot read the 
Bible without facing God, and 
unless we read it with our gaze 
riveted on God, it will remain 
a closed book. The Bible will 
live for you if you can see be- 
yond the words and thought 
forms of the Bible. These words 
and thought forms are only the 
shell that hold the kernel of 
God's personal word to us. 

When we read the Bible, we 
meet God; he is coming to us 
and he is talking. He is ex- 
tending an invitation — an in- 
vitation and an alternative. If 
you hsten you will hear it on 
almost every page of the Bible. 
The invitation is: "Come with 
me and hve." The alternative 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



is: "Reject me and die." This 
invitation and the alternative is 
often referred to as the Cove- 
nant. 

From the time Adam and 
Eve made hfe miserable for 
themselves in the Garden of 
Eden, God has been calling: 
"Come with me and hve." 

God spoke this way to Abra- 
ham: "Go, from your country 
and your kindred and your 
father's house to the land that 
I will show you. And I will 
make of you a great nation, and 
I will bless you, and make your 
name great, so that you will be 
a blessing" (Gen. 12:1-2). 

In the New Testament, God 
gives the call to "come with me 
and live" in the person of Jesus : 
"Follow me and I will make you 
become . . ." (Mark 1:17). Be- 
come what? John in reflecting 
on this idea later writes: "To 
all who received him, who be- 
lieved in his name, he gave 
power to become children of 
God. . ." (John 1:12). 

Paul speaks several times of 
being obedient to the heavenly 
call. And Paul always saw him- 



self in God's triumphant train 
moving on to victory. The let- 
ter to the Hebrews speaks of 
those who endured every kind 
of injustice because they had 
heard the call, the invitation. 

And at the end, John on the 
isle of Patmos proclaims, "Halle- 
lujah, the Lord God omnipo- 
tent reigneth." God continues 
to extend the invitation to you 
to "come with me and live." 

This is why the Danish phi- 
losopher, Soren Kierkegaard, 
writes, "You must say to your- 
self in reading the Bible: It is 
about me that this is written.' " 
For he felt that the Bible is a 
personal letter to each of us, 
with our home address upon it. 
And he who would open the 
letter will read an invitation, 
"Come with me and hve." 

It is related of a certain Scot- 
tish minister that "he never read 
the Scripture as if he had vmt- 
ten it: he always read it as if 
listening for a Voice." It is of 
first importance for us aU, 
whether in public or in private, 
to read God's Book "as if listen- 
ing for a Voice." 



CLASS REUNION 

BY HOWARD W. WINGER 

Long liave we journeyed from that ancient land 
Of early light and soaring enterprise. 
Time-marked the faces, travel-wise the eyes 
That make Aurora now youth's contraband! 
We meet again to clasp the friendly hand. 
To send a college cheer up to the skies. 
To introduce our consanguinities. 
Then turn again each to his foreign strand. 

But lives are tangent to the college years 
That one time formed the shoii adjacent side; 
Though Time with silent macrocosmic gears 
Through mounting moments pries the angle 

wide. 
The base endures. We all are class mates yet 
And shall be till we meet the infinite! 



15 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



The Brethren Service Commission is seeking the 
names and addresses of all Brethren persons in the Peace 
Corps program. If you have such information, write 
immediately to the Brethren Service Commission, 
Church of the Brethren General OflBces, Elgin, 111. 

Cecil Beeson, Sr., Box 1, Hartford City, Ind., would 
like to secure a copy or copies of the history of the 
Mississenewa Church of the Brethren, Delaware County, 
Indiana, for the Blackford County Historical Society 
and for his own personal use. Anyone having a copy 
which he would be willing to part with, please get in 
touch with Mr. Beeson, stating the price of the book. 

A McPherson College debate team, consisting of 
Kenneth Ullom of Wiley, Colo., and Weyland Beeghley 
of Pierson, Iowa, placed fourth among thirty-four teams 
in a Nebraska invitational debate tournament, Dec. 1-2. 
The McPherson team, both freshmen, won four debates 
and lost one. The only loss was to the winning team 
of the tournament. 

A new manual. Pastors' Salaries and Related Em- 
ployment Considerations, is now available from the 
Church of the Brethren General OflBces, Elgin, 111., at 
20c per copy, or $2 per dozen. The Ministry and Home 
Mission Commission recommends that the chairman of 
each local ministerial commission order at least a dozen 
copies to be shared with various oflBcials in the con- 
gregation. 

Nine McPherson College students have been selected 
for Who's Who Among Students in American Uni- 
versities and Colleges for the 1961-62 edition. The nine 
included Wesley Albin, Grundy Center, Iowa; Lyle 
Dobson, Stromsborg, Nebr.; Marianne Bittinger Dob- 
son, McPherson; Larry Elliott, Fredericksburg, Iowa; 
GaU Fillmore, Nampa, Idaho; Lois Keim, Peoria, 111.; 
James Nettleton, Albert Lea, Minn.; Terrell Phenice, 
Welsh, La.; and Irma Wymore, Beatrice, Nebr. 

Two congregations of the Church of the Brethren 
are located within fifteen miles of Fort Lewis, Wash., 
or McCord Air Force Base, Wash. Each welcomes 
service personnel at its services. Special requests to 
contact individuals by name at the bases will be hon- 
ored. One of the congregations is the Tacoma church, 
located at 84th and D Streets; pastor, Bruce Flora, 
8424 East D St., Tacoma. The other is the Olympia 
Community Church of the Brethren at 4501 GriflBth 
Road, Olympia; pastor. Homer D. Kimmel, R. 9, Box 
317-A, Olympia. 

Manchester CoUege has been awarded a grant of 
$26,000 by the National Science Foundation for support 
of a research project carried on by the physics depart- 
ment. This grant will make it possible for the college to 
continue research projects initiated several years ago. 
Dr. Charles S. Morris and Dr. L. Dwight Farringer are 
the principal investigators on the project. In addition, 
several carefully chosen undergraduate physics majors 
will be attached to the project as research assistants. The 
research program will be carried out during the summer 
months on a part-time basis during the regular academic 
year. 

16 



May Fellowship materials for 1962 are available 
from P & D, 475 Riverside Drive, New York, N. Y. The 
packet, 50c, includes the pamphlet. Our Family, which 
is the focus for the observance, May 4. 

Joseph Long, director of youth work, was named to 
the executive committee of the Committee on Youth 
Work, National Council of Chtu-ches. The governing 
body is giving major attention to redefining the role of 
the youth program in the ongoing work of the churches. 

Paul M. Kline, instructor in art at Bridgewater Col- 
lege, along with two other Virginia artists, will exhibit 
work in the Virginia artists' rotating exhibit which 
started Dec. 7. The work these three artists will exhibit 
will remain on display in the Virginia Museum's Twen- 
tieth Century Gallery through Jan. 29. Mr. Kline wiHl 
exhibit two wood relief carvings and three paintings 
done by burning in wax. 

To help bring the comfort of the Scriptures to per- 
sons who are grieving the death of a loved one, the 
American Bible Society has issued a small leaflet sug- 
gesting specially chosen Bible readings — one for each 
day for a period of sixty days. The leaflet is titled Bible 
Readings in Time of Bereavement and may be obtained 
from the American Bible Society, 450 Park Ave., New 
York 22, N. Y., at 65c per hundred. 

The Music and Worship Committee of the Brother- 
hood recommends two books for all church musicians. 
These books are: Music in Protestant Worship, by 
Dwight Steere ($4.50), and Music and Worship in the 
Chm-ch, by Lovelace and Rice ($4.00). The committee 
is also promoting the magazine. Music Ministry, for 
those with music responsibilities in the church and 
church school. Inquiries about the work of the com- 
mittee should be addressed to the committee, Church 
of the Brethren General OflSces, Elgin, 111. 

Wayne F. Geisert, dean of McPherson College, is 
currently serving as a consultant to Bacone College, 
Bacone, Okla. His work at the institution involves him 
in consulting activities relative to the total program. The 
college is working toward membership in the North 
Central Association of Colleges and Universities. The 
institution is sponsored by the American Baptist Con- 
vention through the American Baptist Home Missions 
Society. Located near Muskogee, Okla., the school has 
a long tradition of serving a clientele of American 
Indian youth. 

Merlin and Dorothy Garber will complete their term 
of service as directors of the Brethren Service program 
in Austria on Jan. 1, 1962, and wall be replaced by 
Ardon and Vema Denlinger. During their term of 
service, the Garbers arranged for the completion of the 
Karlsschule project in Vienna and the beginning of the 
project at Hinterbruhl, which now involves volunteers 
from six nations. Contact vdth the Protestant churches 
has increased through the interest of the president of the 
Protestant Churches in Austria. Regular invitations are 
received from local churches for the Brethren Service 
workers in Austria to present their peace programs. 
Following their termination in Austria, the Garbers plan 
to travel in several countries before returning to the 
United States. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



Plans for a Holy Land tour, annoimced in last week's 
Messenger, have been canceled, according to word 
From John Barwick, who was to have conducted the 
tour. 

The organization formerly called the Church Peace 
Union has changed its name to Council on Religion and 
International Affairs. The oflBces are located at 170 E. 
64th St., New York 21, N.Y. 

Reprint copies of the article, Pension Plans: Breth- 
ren vs. Private, which appears in the January Leader 
magazine are available without cost. Address your re- 
quest for one or more copies to the Pension Board, 1451 
Dundee Avenue, Elgin, Illinois. 

Before They Say "I Do" is a twenty-eight-minute 
film designed to help ministers in premarital counseling. 
It would be especially appropriate for use in ministers' 
fellowship meetings. A 16 mm soimd motion picture, 
it rents for $9.00, and can be secured from the Church 
of the Brethren General OflBces, Elgin, lU. 

Dr. Lowell V. Heisey, professor of chemistry at 
Bridgewater College, Va., has been named secretary of 
the Virginia Section of the American Chemical Society 
for 1962. The Virginia Chemical Society is the pro- 
fessional organization of the approximately 800 chem- 
ists in northern and central Virginia. 

A copy of the book, The Descendants of Jacob 
Hochstetler, by Rev. Harvey Hostetler, is wanted by 
Rev. Thomas M. Hostetler, Box 143, Staunton, Ind. He 
is eager to obtain a copy of the book as he is engaged 
in research concerning the family. If anyone has a 
copy he is willing to dispose of, please get in touch 
directly with Reverend Hostetler at the address given. 

Sixty debate teams from twenty-five colleges and 
universities were expected to enter the annual McPher- 
son College economy debate tournament on Jan. 6. Four 
rounds of debate were held during the day. Prof. Wil- 
liam Brooks, associate professor of speech and debate 
coach, directed the tournament. This McPherson 
tournament was started by M. A. Hess, now retired, 
longtime debate coach at McPherson College. The 
tournament was so named because there are no entry 
fees or trophies awarded. 

A seminar in the problems of economically under- 
developed areas has been added to the curriculum at 
Manchester College. During the term now in session 
the seminar is focusing on Southeast Asia. The goals 
of the seminar are to acquaint students with the history, 
culture, and problems of the area, and to stimulate an 
interest in Asian subjects which may lead to a greater 
awareness of Asia and a genuine understanding of its 
problems. Assisting in the course are Eldon Burke, 
Rodrick Rolston, Richard Harshbarger, and Neal Merritt. 

The Brethren mission tour to Ecuador returned to 
the States, Dec. 30, after an eight-day visit in Quito, 
Calderon, and Los Delicias. The tour was comprised of 
Clark Bashore, Jonestown, Pa.; Miss Dorothy Brown, 
Bakersfield, Calif.; F. D. Cleeves, Eaton Rapids, Mich.; 
Reverend and Mrs. Delbert Hanlin, Woodbury, Pa.; 
Miss Hazel Kennedy, Elgin, 111.; Mrs. Mary Wanner, 
Pottstovra, Pa.; J. Galen Whitehead, New Paris, Ind.; 
Howard E. Royer, leader, Elgin, 111., and traveling with 
the tour one way, Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Koontz, Everett, 
Pa. 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



Action on Nuclear Tests 

Members are urged by the Brethren Service staff to 
write to William C. Foster, Director, U. S. Arms Control 
and Disarmament Agency, Washington 25, D. C, ask- 
ing 1) that atmospheric nuclear weapons tests not be 
resumed, 2) that the U. S. sign a test-ban agreement 
with the USSR relying upon "national systems" of detec- 
tion of atmospheric, underwater and outer space 
weapons tests in view of the USSR's refusal to agree to 
an international inspection system, and 3) that the U.S. 
renew its moratorium on all underground tests for a 
limited time period during which negotiations at Geneva 
could be intensified to establish the basis for internation- 
al inspection of underground tests. A Brethren Service 
Action Sheet on Nuclear Tests has been sent to pastors 
and Brethren Service chairmen. 

Action on Fallout Shelters 

The Brethren Service staff suggests that persons op- 
posed to the government's fallout shelter proposals do 
not have to accept the booklet on fallout protection 
which the government is planning to mail to every fam- 
ily. The General Brotherhood Board adopted in Novem- 
ber a statement advising Brethren not to build family 
fallout shelters and expressing serious reservations about 
the civil defense program. If members wish, they can 
give expression to their opposition by mailing the book- 
let, unopened, back to the White House. Or better yet, 
they can write to President Kennedy concerning their 
convictions about fallout shelters. 

Change of Address 

The Von Hall family arrived safely in Lagos, Ni- 
geria, on Dec. 6. Their new address is expected to be 
Lassa, P. O. Mubi, via Yola, Northern Nigeria. 

The Church Calendar 
January 14 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: One God. Ex. 20:1-3; Deut. 
6:4-9; Matt. 6:24; John 14. Memory Selection: No one 
can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one 
and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one 
and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mam- 
mon. Matt. 6:24 (R.S.V.) 

Jan. 12-14 General Services and Finance Commission con- 
ferences in Eastern Region 

Jan. 19-21 General Services and Finance Commission con- 
ferences in Eastern Region 

Jan. 21-28 Church and Economic Life Week 

Jan. 28 - Feb. 4 Youth Week 

Feb. 4-9 Youth Seminar, Washington and New York 

Feb. 11 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Seven baptized in the Burnettsville church, Ind. Fifteen 
baptized and three received by letter in the Goshen City 
church, Ind. Eleven baptized and one received by letter in 
the Nettle Creek church, Ind. Sk baptized in the Pontiac 
church, Mich. Four baptized in the Potsdam church, Ohio. 

Three baptized and one received by letter in die Florin 
church, Pa. Twelve baptized and three received by letter 
in the White Oak church, Pa. 

Seven baptized and two received by letter in the Pleasant 
Valley church, Tenn. Four baptized and five received by 
letter in the Barren Ridge church, Va. Nineteen baptized 
and two received by letter in the Coulson church, Va. Four 
received by letter in the Woodbridge church, Va. 

17 




Vegetable display at the agricultural fair 



Gerald Neher photos 



THE short-handled hoe has 
been the main implement 
used for many years to make a 
living in the Church of the Breth- 
ren mission area in Nigeria. In the 
past many man-hours were spent 
gathering great stacks of firewood 
to smelt a little precious metal 
from ore-producing rocks to make 
a hoe. During these years man 
hoed only enough to produce 
food for his family. 

Africa is changing and farming 
methods are changing with it. 
Young men are looking for oxen 
and plows to take some of the 
drudgery out of making a living 
from the soil. Shifting cultivation, 
farming one plot for five or six 
years, and then cutting another 
plot from the bush will soon come 
to an end as the pressure of popu- 
lation increases. 

In this new era, it is only fitting 
that young Christian men at the 
Kulp Bible School should learn 
new methods of farming and 



accept innovations as part of their 
training for village work. 

Farming is an integral part of 
the school for two reasons. One 
of these is that the students need 
to support themselves while they 
are in school. The Nigerian 
Church is growing fast and ex- 
tending rapidly. It has many areas 
of outreach and cannot at the 
same time support the students 
while they are in school. 

The second reason is that the 
students are learning new farm- 
ing methods to take back to 
their home communities to which 
the majority will return when 
they finish their three years in 
school. There they will be lay 
leaders, making their living from 
the soil. They will aid the local 
church programs by teaching 
classes in religious instruction, by 
preaching, and by giving leader- 
ship to the church community. 

Even before the students' 
houses were built at the school, 



18 



they were clearing the land for 
their new farms. In preparing a 
new farm in Northern Nigeria, 
one must first cut the trees off just 
above the ground so the oxen can 
see them as they pull the plow 
through the fields. The trees will 
sprout again but after the new 
sprouts are cut off several times 
the stump will die and then soon 
be destroyed by termites. After a 
few years the field will be free of 
stumps and easy to plow. After 
the trees are cut, the brush is then 
gathered together and binrned. 

In the traditional method of 
farming, the farmers then wait 
for the first rain to plant. They 
plant immediately so that the 
weeds and grass do not get start- 
ed before the crops. If the rains 
do not continue the seed will 
sprout only to be scorched by the 
hot sun. The farms must then be 
planted again. 

The students in the school are 
learning to farm with teams of 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



I 



oxen and plows rather than by 
the traditional method of the 
hand hoe. The plows and oxen 
have several advantages: 

1. It is possible to wait until 
the rains are sure to continue be- 
fore planting. 

2. The grass that has grown up 
is turned under as fertilizer. 

3. Planting can be done on the 
ridges which will keep the crops 
iup out of the water during the 
heavy rainy season. 

4. It makes it possible to culti- 
vate the field with the same oxen 
and plow which was used to do 
the plowing in the first place, with 
a minor adjustment on the plow. 

5. Such a method enables the 
students to be in school and still 
farm as much as they could if 
they were farming by hand. It is 
not nearly so tiring to farm in 
this manner, and the time not 
spent in the field can be used to 
good advantage in studying. 

6. The greatest advantage is 
that while they are learning to 
plow it is also easy for them to 
accept innovations in crop rota- 
tion, soil conservation, and plant- 
ing. 

While in school each student 
has two acres, which are planted 
to cotton, peanuts, and guinea 
corn. The produce from these 
crops will be used to maintain the 






'rsii^e t 






v^'?^ 




With the oxen and plow with which they prepare the ground for sowing the 
grain, the students at Kulp Bible School cultivate the growing crops 



student and his family while they 
are in school. The cotton and most 
of the peanuts will be sold as cash 
crops and the money will be used 
to buy clothing, household equip- 
ment, and food supplies. 

The guinea corn is the staple 
food of the students and will be 
ground and made into a mush to 
be eaten twice daily. To the mush 
is added a sauce which is pre- 
pared with various ingredients, 
usually some of the following: 



okra, cowpeas, peppers, tomatoes, 
greens, dried fish, or meat. 

There are one hundred ten 
acres of farmland at the school, 
but only half of it was cleared this 
year as there is only one class in 
the school. The other half will be 
cleared by the incoming class 
next year. 

The land is being developed to 
maintain fifty students for an in- 
definite period of time rather than 
to follow the traditional methods 




Kacla ka iji kunyoyinka su 
hi kuiari naka 

Ka duba yadda riiiiiata 
^kan daukc'kasa da 
itakin 




Ka ifi su a giciye haka 
Ka duba yadda ruiua 
da taki su kan zaitna su g 
amfani c]ona._ . Jtf' 




On this display at the fair the sign reads: "Do not make 
your furrows follow the slopes like this! See how the water 
is carrying ofiF the soil and fertilizer from the farm" 
JANUARY 13, 1962 



On this display of the right way to plow, the sign reads: 
"Make them crosswise like this! See how the water and 
fertilizer are staying to benefit the farm" 

19 



of shifting cultivation. One meth- 
od being used to maintain the 
soil is the use of commercial ferti- 
lizers. The school has a dealer- 
ship in a commercial fertilizer 
which the government subsidizes 
to encourage its use. 

Much of the land that was 
acquired had been cropped con- 
tinuously for many years and 
was considered worn-out. Other 
pieces had been left to return to 
grass and trees. When the plow- 
ing was being done this year, we 
were told on several occasions that 
it was useless to plant certain areas 
for nothing would grow. Now 
that the crops are in their prime, 
neighbors walk down the road 



looking at the best crops in the 
community, planted on the worn- 
out soil. 

An insecticide was used to treat 
the seed before planting and it 
was only necessary to plant once 
while some in the surrounding 
community planted as many as 
five times. Soon after the school 
crops were up the people of the 
community started coming to buy 
the insecticide. 

Many requests came for ferti- 
lizer but only a small part of the 
demand could be filled as the sup- 
ply soon sold out. 

The students go to their farms 
at daybreak and stay there until 
about nine-thirty when they come 



in to eat food. The students' wives 
go to school for an hour during 
this period. Then the wives go to 
the farms while the men are in 
school. School is out at three- 
thirty and the men again go to 
their farms until dark while their 
wives come in to attend classes 
and prepare food. 

The peanuts will soon be dug, 
the guinea com is heading, and 
the cotton is setting bolls. Chil- 
dren play along the edge of the 
peanut fields to keep the monkeys 
from digging up all the peanuts 
but the hard work is mostly done. 
We at the school are thankful to 
almighty God for such a success- 
ful &st year. 



BVS'ers "...Unto All the World" 



► The fifty-second Brethren Volunteer Service train- 
ing unit this fall was one of the larger units in BVS his- 
tory. Made up of fifty-three young persons from a 
variety of geographical areas and educational back- 
grounds, the unit was brought together at New Windsor, 
Md., for two months of training, beginning Oct. 2, and 
was scattered once more to far comers on Dec. 1. Under 
a new training director, Don Snider, and a group of 
"faculty" men ranging from preachers to professors 
from New York to California, the training period was 
made extremely challenging for all unit members, 
whatever their background. 

A new Brethren Service project is the mobile dis- 
aster team. This team of four men is presently serving 
in its first disaster in British Honduras, the result of Hur- 
ricane Hattie. Organized quickly after the hurricane 
hit the Latin American coast, the men were briefed as 
to specifics of the area and flew south while the rest of 
the unit was still training. The personnel of the newly 
formed disaster team is made up of Penn State Uni- 
versity graduate in agricultural education John Hoover 
of Elizabethtown, Pa.; Franklin and Marshall College 
science graduate Glenn Bruckhart of Palmyra, Pa.; civil 
engineering graduate W. B. Nolen of Bassett, Va.; and 
David Badger of West Salem, Ohio, trained in agricul- 
tural science and animal husbandry. Bruckhart did 
some of his undergraduate work at Elzabethtown Col- 
lege; Nolen, at Bridgewater College; and Badger, at 
Manchester College. They are prepared to work with 
the Hondurans at Belize until help no longer seems 
drastically needed. Contributions to the Brotherhood 
emergency disaster fund make possible the disaster 
team. 

Other assignments: Linda Baldwin of Roanoke, Ala., 
has gone to Phoenix, Ariz., to work with American Indi- 
ans; Wayne Bert of Detroit, Kansas, has sailed for 
Europe; Bill Blough of Sharon, Pa., stayed at New 
Windsor to work in the printing oflSce; Gordon Brooks 
of South Laguna, Calif., to the National Institutes of 
Health in Maryland, to work as a normal control pa- 
20 



tient at NIH; Frank Brown of Roanoke, Va., to Balti- 
more, Md., to assist in slum rebuilding, including that 
of human morale; Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Burger of 
Moravia, Iowa, to the Brethren Service Center at Nap- 
panee, Ind.; Lynn Cabbage of Prairie City, Iowa, to 
International Voluntary Services in Liberia, Africa; 
David Cassel of Souderton, Pa., to maintenance work 
at New Windsor; Chloe Ann Cupp of Circleville, Ohio, 
to the Brethren Service farm in Falfurrias, Texas; 
Wahnita Ecker of Westminster, Md., to the Brethren 
Home for the Aging in Wooster, Ohio; Bill Eliott of 
Fredericksburg, Iowa, to maintenance work at New 
Windsor. 

Gary Frampton of Conemaugh, Pa., is working at 
the state mental hospital in Hastings, Miim.; Susie 
Gochenour of Woodstock, Va., doing secretarial work 
at New Windsor; Helen Herr of York, Pa., is sailing for 
Europe; Harry Houff of Mount Crawford, Va., driving 
trucks out of New Windsor for Church World Service; 
Karen Hubbard of Pampa, Texas, to work with children 
in Richfield, Utah; Janet Keiper of Johnstown, Pa., to 
slum rehabilitation work in Chicago, 111., at the West 
Side Christian Parish; Mary Keyser of Harleysville, Pa., 
to slimti rehabilitation in Washington, D. C; Shirley 
Krall of Cerro Gordo, 111., to work with the Children's < 
Aid Society in NeffsviUe, Pa.; Henry Kreyssler of La 
Verne, Calif., to Europe; Bonnie Lein of Chicago, 111., 
to work along with Karen Hubbard in Richfield, Utah; 
Garth Litzinger of Bedford Heights, Ohio, to Brethren 
Service at New Windsor; Bonnie Mellinger of Cerro 
Gordo, 111., also to secretarial work at New Windsor; 
and Ken Meyer of East Stroudsburg, Pa., to Europe. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Michael of La Verne, Calif., 
are at New Windsor presendy awaiting further decision 
on their assignment; June Middleton of Dayton, Ohio, 
has gone to Europe; Doris Jean Miller of Oakton, 
Va., to Europe; John MiUs of Centerville, Ind., to Eu- 
rope; Bob Minnich of Claremont, Calif., also to Europe; 
David Morris of Saint George, Va., to Casa de Amis- 
tad Community Center at Brawley, Calif.; Chris 

GOSPEL MESSENGER : 




Ted Kimmel 

Front row, left to right: Henry Kreyssler, Theron Nunemaker, Mary Keyser, Karen Hubbard, Clara Rae Walters, Janet 

Keiper, Joann Rupe, and Bill Elliott 

Second row: Diana Burger, Bonnie Mellinger, Linda Baldwin, Helen Herr, Shirley Krall, June Middleton, Susie Goche- 

nour, Gloria Rainwater, Deanna Small, and Brenda Schnepp 

Third row: Stephen Burger, Doris Jean Miller, Bonnie Lein, Sandy Sager, Virginia Sutherland, Barbara Rochelle, Chloe 

Ann Cupp, Carolyn Brown, Wahnita Ecker, Gail Michael, Ann Haynes, Richard Stem 

Fourth row: Fred Michael, Gunnar Nildasson, John Mills, David Cassel, Bob Minnich, Gordon Brooks, Dale Motes, 

Val Petersen, Chris Neumarm, Frank Brown, Andreaan van Maas, Wendell Sweitzer, and W. B. Nolen 

Fifth row: Glenn Bruckhart, CliflFord Scales, Jerry Tietjens, Garth Litzinger, John Hoover, Gary Framplon, Wayne Bert, 

Bill Blough, Dave Badger, Ken Meyer, Harry Houff, David Morris, and Don Snider 



Neumann of Timonitim, Md., to Trenton's Mercer Street 
Friends Center, N. J.; Gunnar Niklasson of Gistad, 
Sweden, will travel about speaking and doing children's 
work for the Brethren Service Commission; Theron 
Nunemaker of Wakarusa, Ind., to the North Avenue 
Community Center in Fresno, Calif.; Val Petersen of 
Santa Maria, Calif., to NIH, Bethesda, Md.; Gloria Rain- 
water of Essex, Mo., to work with Children's Aid, Nelfs- 
ville, Pa.; Barbara Rochelle of Wenatchee, Wash., to 
Europe; Joann Rupe of Nanty-Glo, Pa., to a children's 
home in Baltimore, Md.; Sandy Sager of Quicksburg, 
Va., to the Church of the Brethren Home in Mexico, 
Ind.; and Clifford Scales of Bassett, Va., to the research 
department of the University of Michigan hospital, Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

Brenda Schnepp of Beaverton, Mich., is a new 
normal control patient at NIH, Bethesda, Md.; Deanna 
Small of Decatm:, Ind., is to work at the community 
center in Fresno, Calif.; Richard Stem of Tonasket, 
Wash., to assist in the volunteer service offices at Elgin, 
III.; Virginia Sutherland of Hagerstown, Ind., to the 
Fahrney-Keedy Home at Boonesboro, Md.; Wendell 
Sweitzer of New Freedom, Pa., to the Brethren Service 
project in Falfurrias, Texas; Jerry Tietjens of Hiawatha, 
Kansas, to Europe; Adriaan van Lutsenburg Maas of 
Mountain Lakes, N. J., to Europe; and Clara Rae Wal- 
ters of Nappanee, Ind., to nurse at the Brethren Service 
project in Puerto Rico. 

Those BVS'ers going to Europe are assigned to the 
Brethren Service Commission in Germany for further 
study before being reassigned to different parts of Eu- 
rope, the Near East, and North Africa. 

— Richard Stern 
JANUARY 13. 1962 



Fifteen Million Are Homeless 

A question constantly asked is, "How many refugees 
are there in the world?" The answer varies according 
to the way in which the term refugee is defined and 
statistics are compiled. This explains why one expert 
can estimate the total at twelve million and another at 
forty million. 

The U.S. Committee for Refugees has now made a 
World Refugee Audit for the fiscal year 1960-61, and 
reached the conclusion that under the strictest interpre- 
tation of the term, fifteen million homeless people are 
refugees. According to the committee, these refugees 
include 100,000 Cubans; 300,000 Baluba tribes-people 
displaced from their homes in the Congo; 127,000 
Angolan fugitives from the strife-torn Portuguese col- 
ony; 20,000 Tibetans in Nepal. 

The audit hsts 3,500,000 refugees from East Ger- 
many and notes that although many have been inte- 
grated there are still about 300,000 in camps. The list 
also includes 3,000,000 refugees in Pakistan, 3,000,000 
in India; 1,100,000 in Hong Kong; 1,100,000 in the 
Middle East; 1,000,000 in South Korea; and 900,000 
Vietnamese refugees. 

High School Students Protest 

Scores of Mormon high school students in Ogden, 
Utah signed a petition calling on parents and youths 
to boycott theaters showing films emphasizing sex, 
violence or objectionable language. The petition also 
urged theater operators to do something about the prob- 
lem of immoral movies. 

21 



World Council of Churches Assembly 

Adopts 
Significant 
Statements 



► There is no more urgent task 
facing Christians today than that of 
working together for peace with jus- 
tice and freedom among nations and 
between races. The Third Assembly 
of the World Council of Churches 
underscored this conviction in a mes- 
sage addressed to the hundreds of 
thousands of local congregations of 
its 198 member churches arovmd the 
globe. 

The message, adopted at the con- 
clusion of the eighteen-day assembly, 
Nov. 18 — Dec. 6, was drafted by a 
fourteen-member committee headed 
by Dr. Kathleen M. Bliss, general 
secretary of the board of education 
of the Church of England. 

Calling upon Christians to unite 
"so that the causes of much con- 
temporary misery may be rooted 
out," the 577 delegates stressed that 
"we have to take our stand against 
injustice caused to any race or to 
any man on account of his race." 

The assembly also aflBrmed that 
all Christians must go forward in 
the cause of unity between "every 
member of the Christian family, of 
Eastern and Western tradition, an- 
cient churches and younger churches, 
men and women, young and old, of 
every race and nation." 

The message was one of several 
statements which the delegates ad- 
dressed to the churches. They were 
drafted during long hours spent in 
studying some of the thorniest prob- 
lems facing the church and the world 
today. They were then discussed by 
the entire assembly before being 
commended to the chmrches for fur- 
ther study and action. 
22 



Three of the most important state- 
ments dealt with Christian responsi- 
bility in the areas of unity, witness, 
and service, subthemes under the 
general assembly theme, Jesus Christ 
the Light of the World. 

Unity 

The 8,000-word docimient on 
unity declared that the present im- 
passe in "intercommunion diflEer- 
ences" among member denomina- 
tions demands an all-out efiFort to 
break through to fresh understand- 
ings of unity, especially as it is ex- 
pressed at the Lord's table. 

Noting the rising tide of impa- 
tience among young people and 
others regarding the impasse, the 
statement said the churches are 
pressed to reexamine "all possible 
next steps that might be discovered, 
at any and all levels of their denomi- 
national life." "Wherever existing 
convictions allow for more direct 
progress towards intercommunion 
between churches, it should be made 
without waiting for consensus and 
common action in the ecumenical 
movement as a whole," it said. 

Witness 

After taking a sharp look at pres- 
ent attempts to win the unchurched, 
the statement on witness suggested 
that small Christian "cell" groups 
may succeed in many areas where 
conventional church programs are 
proving to be completely irrelevant. 

Creation of such "cells" should 
prove especially effective in many 
urbanized or industrialized areas of 
the West, the assembly said. In such 



areas, many people do not under- 
stand traditional presentations of 
the gospel or feel uncomfortable in 
conventional church settings. As a 
possible solution to this problem, it 
was suggested that local churches es- 
tablish small "cells" of salesgirls and 
typists, industrial workers, tech- 
nicians, and educators, who will try 
to be "the people of God in their 
own particular context." 

While noting the "obvious danger 
of fragmentation," the statement con- 
tended that such new forms of Chris- 
tian fellowship may help the 
ordained ministry to rediscover its 
function "as a traveling apostolate 
and as a focus of imity." 

The farsighted witness statement 
looked forward to the day when pas- 
tors of different confessions would 
function as a team, and when church 
buildings would become centers of 
these "cell" groups, thereby exhibit- 
ing that all Christians belong to one 
Lord "in whom all human categories 
and classes are made one." 

Service 

The statement on service deplored 
the habit of thinking of persons as 
potential victims or potential de- 
stroyers in nuclear war because such 
sentiment reduces sensitivity to hu- 
man value. "Such sensitivity is 
blunted by callous use of abstract 
speculation concerning the millions 
who will die or survive in nuclear 
war, and by calculations concerning 
the percentage of all persons in fu- 
ture generations who will suffer from 
genetic distortions as a result of nu- 
clear tests," it stressed. 

"Churches should keep remind- 
ing nations and governments of the 
long-term effects upon human life 
of preoccupation with nuclear arma- 
ments and the prospects of nuclear 
war," it added. 

The statement further condemned 
governments which have resorted to 
mass terrorism to preserve their pow- 
er. "There is no greater desecration 
of the human in men than to intimi- 
date and torture them in order to 
force them to obey the political au- 
thorities against their consciences," it 
said. 

"Where a church cooperates with 
a state to force men's conscience or 
to establish or preserve systems of 
oppression it is guilty of a great 
betrayal," it warned. 

Calling upon the churches to 
identify themselves with oppressed 
races in their struggle to achieve 
justice, the statement added: "The 
church has to put its own house in 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



order. It must not be a segregated 
society. No one should be denied 
the right of worship, membership, 
service, and full participation in the 
activities of any church because of 
race." 

The assembly also expressed its 
solidarity with all those who serve 
and suffer to eliminate race or color 
discrimination or segregation, espe- 
cially in South Africa. "Christians 
everywhere are involved in the strug- 
gle," the assembly said in a message 
to Christians in South Africa. "May 
all who thus serve and all who suffer 
be strengthened. We pray that as 
the peoples of Africa move into their 
new day, the church of Christ will 
play an ever-increasing role in pro- 
moting understanding, justice, faith, 
hope, and love." 

Member churches were also called 
upon "to do all in their power to re- 
sist every form of anti-Semitism." 
The assembly noted that "situations 
continue to exist in which Jews are 
subject to discrimination and even 
persecution." 

Still another action of the assembly 
was to put in more explicit terms 
the basis that has been part of its 



constitution ever since the ecumeni- 
cal movement was organized in 1948. 

New Basis 

A resounding vote of 383 to 36, 
with 7 abstentions, supported the 
proposal to replace the original basis 
which simply said that the World 
Council of Churches "is a fellowship 
of churches which accept our Lord 
Jesus Christ as God and Savior." 

The revised formulation declares: 
"The World Council of Churches is 
a fellowship of churches which con- 
fess the Lord Jesus Christ as God and 
Savior according to the Scriptures 
and, therefore, seek to fulfill to- 
gether their common calling to the 
glory of the one God, Father, Son, 
and Holy Spirit." 

In another action, the assembly 
reiterated an invitation to nonmem- 
ber churches to join the World Coun- 
cil, providing they were willing to ac- 
cept its basis for membership. It 
asked for further contacts with non- 
member churches to dispel misunder- 
standings, to discuss theological is- 
sues and to further "participation in 
such activities as may appear to be 
mutually desirable." 



Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
ily constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
church libraries are marked with an asterisk (*). — ^Editor. 



*The Context of Decision. Gor- 
don D. Kaufman. Abingdon, 1961. 
126 pages. $2.50. 

If the issues of life were clearly 
black and white, the making of eth- 
ical decisions for the Christian would 
be simple. When various tints of 
^ gray enter the picture, the situation 
! becomes quite complex. Knowing 
what is most Christian to do is not 
so obvious when relative values must 
be weighed and considered in so 
many problems. 

Dr. Kaufman helps the reader un- 
derstand his dilemma. He also 
points him to a basic theology of 
Christian ethics that will help clarify 
the background out of which a 
Christian must make a decision. 
Furthermore, he states the areas of 
responsibility to which the Christian 
must refer before the decision is 
! made. However, once this is done, 
one still cannot avoid making his 
own decision. "We alone must take 
the responsibiHty for our choice . . ." 
"Each Christian must personally 
bear responsibility before God for 
his resolution of issues." 
JANUARY 13, 1962 



The concluding chapter uses 
Christian pacifism as a specific ex- 
ample of how the Christian must 
struggle in the context of decision. 
Can a Christian pacifist be a nation's 
secretary of state? His reply is a 
most interesting one for a Mennonite 
scholar reared in the Anabaptist tra- 
dition as Dr. Kaufman has been. — 
Floyd E. Bantz, McPherson, Kansas. 

* Forgiveness and Hope. Rachel 
Henderlite. John Knox Press, 1961. 
127 pages. $2.75. 

The author lifts up some elements 
of Protestant theology which have 
been neglected in Christian educa- 
tion. Four theological problems are 
considered: the nature of faith, the 
nature of man, Christian ethics, and 
the meaning of history. She defines 
faith as man's response to God's 
revelation, his acceptance of God's 
invitation to covenant. The church 
must communicate this kind of 
faith — it must lead people to God 
so they may respond to him. It is 
important that the church's teach- 
ings reflect in content and procedure 



and pervading spirit the gospel of 
God's grace. A most timely book 
written in a concise and challenging 
way. — Glee Yoder, McPherson, 
Kansas. 

The One Baptism. Stephen J. 
England. Bethany Press, 1960. 95 
pages. $1.95. 

Stephen J. England, a distin- 
guished scholar, minister, and edu- 
cator, dean of the Graduate Seminary 
of Phillips University, is a member 
of the Disciples of Christ. He is also 
a member of the Faith and Order 
Commission of the World Council 
of Churches. 

In this little ninety-five page vol- 
ume, he discusses the changes which 
have taken place in the ecumenical 
movement with regard to the impor- 
tance of baptism in relation to church 
unity. Once regarded as of little 
consequence, it has now moved into 
the center of increasingly vigorous 
and vital discussion and considera- 
tion. Karl Barth precipitated this 
by his treatise, The Teaching of the 
Church Regarding Baptism. This 
Dr. England briefly reviews. Then 
he follows with a brief presentation 
of the counterattack by Oscar Cull- 
man, Baptism in the New Testament, 
pointing out the strengths and weak- 
nesses of the arguments of each. He 
mentions briefly, also, W. W. 
Flemington's The New Testament 
Doctrine of Baptism. 

He gives a chapter on the his- 
torical survey of the issue of baptism 
among the Christian (Disciples of 
Christ) Churches and traces the ar- 
guments of Thomas and Alexander 
Campbell and of Barton W. Stone, 
whose two groups of Christian 
churches later were united. He 
points up the variety of viewpoints 
within these churches, as well as 
their agreements. They argue for 
baptism (immersion — New Testa- 
ment) as vital to the expression of 
the remission of sins and as the bond 
of unity among the followers of 
Christ. 

Following the historical past, a 
chapter is given to current-day atti- 
tudes, teaching, and practices on 
baptism among Disciples of Christ. 
Then the final chapter is given to 
a presentation of his own insights 
as to the New Testament teaching 
regarding baptism. 

As a whole, this is a most helpful 
book and points up the trends, and 
charts some of the areas for fiu^er 
study and discussion in the ecimnen- 
ical scene, regarding this very vital 
New Testament practice. — Charles 
E. Zunkel, Port Republic, Va. 

23 



News and Comment From Around the World 



Former Quaker Aide Co-Leader 
of New Antiarmament Group 

An antiarmament group to seek 
peaceful solutions to threats of war 
and world tensions has been formed 
under the name. Turn Toward Peace. 
Twenty-seven church, labor, veter- 
ans, professional and public affairs 
groups have consented to relate 
their work with the new organization. 
It includes both pacifist and non- 
pacifist members who will work for 
"ideas that do not represent a pre- 
dominantly military response to the 
problem of Communist expansion." 

Heading the new organization as 
national coordinators are Robert 
Pickus, formerly with the American 
Friends Service Committee, and San- 
ford Gottlieb, political action director 
of the National Committee for a Sane 
Nuclear PoHcy. 

German Church Groups 
Ask Rexiniting of Families 
Split by Berlin Blockade 

Protestant, Roman Catholic, and 
other organizations in Berlin have is- 
sued a strong appeal for the re- 
uniting of German families separated 
by the Communist-built Berlin barri- 
cade. A Working Committee of West 
German Family Organizations has 
urged "that the wall between West 
and East Berlin be torn down, that 
barbed wire between the two sec- 
tors be removed, that mine fields be 
cleared and that death strips again 
be turned into productive land." 

The plea was made in identical 
messages to the United Nations Sec- 
retary General, the World Council of 
Churches' Assembly, to Pope John 
XXIII, and the International Union 
of Family Organizations. 

The message declared, "While men 
of all peoples and races may meet 
unhampered and all discriminations 
are being ever more abolished, death 
traps have been established right 
across Germany in the very heart of 
Europe, and Germans are ordered 
to shoot Germans." 

Quaker "Self-Tax" Plan 
Assists United Nations 

More than $60,000 annually is 
being donated to the United Nations 
by Quakers and their neighbors in 
the United States, Canada, and 
Mexico. They are following the 
"self-tax" idea of an Arizona woman 
who suggested that those who feel 
the UN is the one tangible symbol 
of the world community should tax 

24 




Religious News Service 

Three American Methodist missionaries who spent three months in Portugal 
and Angola jails are shown as they arrive in New York after a flight from 
Lisbon. Accused of "conniving with terrorists" in Angola, they were arrested 
on September 5 and held until deported from Portugal on December 3. Left to 
right, they are Rev. Edwin LeMaster, Marion Way, Jr., and Fred Brancel. A 
fourth missionary, Rev. Wendell Lee Golden, released from jail on the same day, 
returned to Africa to rejoin his family in Southern Rhodesia 



themselves one per cent of their in- 
comes to aid the peace organization. 
Quakers and other Americans who 
support the program have been 
quietly donating more than $5,000 
each month for the past year. Most 
of the money received from the 
Quaker-inspired campaign is being 
used to help build low-cost homes 
in the newly emerging country of 
Somalia, on Africa's east coast. 

N. C. Families Pledge Fallout 
Shelter Cost to United Nations 

A pledge suggested by a Presby- 
terian minister in Chapel Hill, N. C, 
not to build fallout shelters but to 
give the cost of one to the United Na- 
tions has been signed by at least 
twenty-seven families in that area. 

The pledge reads, "We are deeply 
concerned that the Civil Defense pro- 
gram for fallout shelters is producing 
a sense of false security which de- 
ludes people into the belief nuclear 
war can be made safe for the few 
in the world who are able to 
build and equip shelters." 

Of those signing the pledge, about 
one half are aflBliated with the Chapel 
Hill Friends Meeting. The others 
include ministers, University of 
North Carolina faculty members, and 
private citizens. 

Priest Reports Church 
Gains in Nigeria 

A soft-spoken Irish priest from 
Eastern Nigeria, among the first of 
some 1,000 clergy to arrive in Dallas, 
Texas, for the Inter-American Con- 
gress of the Confraternity of Chris- 
tian Doctrine, said the progress be- 
ing made by the church in the Ogola 



diocese, where he is stationed, was 
"simply amazing." Father Martin 
McManus said in his diocese, which 
has a population of about 1,000,000, 
there are some 100,000 children in 
church schools. 

The total number of Catholics in 
Nigeria is given as 1,600,000 with 
five African bishops. He said the 
church "does not try to impose a 
European civilization" on the Ni- 
gerians. "A lot of the native cus- 
toms are very good. We try, as best 
we can, to Christianize the best of 
these customs." 

Graham Urges Worldwide 
Evangelistic Effort 

Billy Graham in an interview 
while he was attending the Third As- 
sembly of the World Council of 
Churches at New Delhi, India, said 
that a five-year, worldwide evange- 
listic effort should be made in which 
all Christians would be urged to par- 
ticipate. 

He said the world situation "is in 
convulsion, divided by ideological, 
national, and racial tensions." He 
added, "If ever mankind ought to 
be ready to listen to the church it is 
now." 

Cordier Honored for 
United Nations Service 

Andrew W. Cordier, United Na- 
tions Under Secretary for General 
Assembly Affairs, was honored re- 
cently for more than fifteen years of 
devoted service to the world organi- 
zation. 

A scroll inscribed with a quota- 
tion from Isaiah and a bronze can- 
GOSPEL MESSENGER 



delabrum were presented to him on 
behalf of the National Council of 
Jewish Women in a ceremony at 
UN Headquarters. Mrs. Joseph Wil- 
len, president of the service organiza- 
tion said that the Biblical quotation, 
"And the work of righteousness shall 
be peace," and the menorah, which 
symbolizes light and peace, embody 
the international aspirations for 
which Mr. Cordier has worked. 

After the presentation, Mr. Cordier 
said the importance of the role of 
the Secretariat transcends the na- 
tional interests. 

Southern Baptists Urged 
to Appoint Negroes 
for Airicon Missions 

Baptist students in Arkansas have 
urged the appointment of Negro 
workers to serve with missionaries of 
the Southern Baptist Convention in 
Africa. A resolution adopted by the 
'state Baptist Student Convention 
called on the denomination's foreign 
mission board to make its African 
missions a joint effort with Negroes 
and whites. 

Australian Churches 
to Aid Rehigees 

Churches throughout Australia 
were asked, just prior to Christmas, 
to raise at least $250,000 for refugees 
in some forty countries. The nation- 
wide drive was organized by the 




Religious News Service 

The U. S. Post OfBce has issued a com- 
memorative postage stamp (inset) to 
mark the centenary of the birth of 
Dr. James Naismith, Canadian-bom 
Presbyterian clergyman who invented 
the game of basketball. Dr. Naismith 
devised the sport in 1891, when he was 
an instructor at the International YMCA 
Training School, Springfield, Mass. He 
Idied in 1939 

JANUARY 13, 1962 



Australian Commission for Inter- 
Church Aid and Service to Refugees. 
In last year's effort more than $100,- 
000 was realized for world relief. 

Dutch Reformed South 
African Missionaries 
Ordered From Nigeria 

Nigeria has ordered a Dutch Re- 
formed missionary group from South 
Africa working in the northern part 
of this country to close its church and 
other institutions and leave Nigeria 
by next April. The Nigerian minis- 
ter of internal affairs, Aljahi Usman 
Sarki, was reported to have observed 
that "it would be best" if the mission- 
aries departed immediately. 

The official reason given for their 
ouster was that since South Africa 
recently became a republic her citi- 
zens are no longer members of the 
British Commonwealth and are there- 
fore being treated as foreigners by 
Nigeria. Unofficial views, however, 
base the order on mounting feelings 
against the racial segregation poli- 
cies of the South African govern- 
ment. Many Africans connect seg- 
regation with South Africa's Dutch 
Reformed churches, which generally 
support the government's policies. 

The Nigerian parliament recently 
passed a bill requiring visas for all 
persons, including missionaries, com- 
ing from South Africa. The bill was 
seen as an attempt to prevent any 
new missionaries from entering the 
country. 

United Lutherans Assign First 
Negro Missionary to Africa 

A New York radio technician was 
commissioned as a missionary of the 
United Lutheran Church in America, 
thus becoming that denomination's 
first .American Negro to be desig- 
nated to work in Africa. He will 
serve as a technical director for the 
Lutheran World Federation's new 
Voice of the Gospel radio station in 
Africa. He will be assigned to the 
Tanganyika studios. 

The station is scheduled to begin 
operation late next year. It will 
transmit programs to all Africa, the 
Near East, and Southern Asia, with 
Lutheran churches in the various 
countries operating the local stations. 

Orthodox Jewish Women Ask 
Drive Against Sunday Laws 

The Women's Branch of the Union 
of Orthodox Jewish Congregations 
has called for a drive against Sunday 
closing laws, which they said dis- 
criminate against those religious 
groups which observe the Sabbath 




Religious News Service 

Bonn postal authorities are issuing this 
special twenty-pfennig stamp to pro- 
mote the "bread for the world" cam- 
paign of the Evangelical Church in Ger- 
many. In its third year the drive has 
netted more than .$10,000,000. Funds 
are used for food shipments, immediate 
aid measures, and long-range agricul- 
tural, medical, and housing programs in 
underdeveloped areas around the world 



on another day. They urged their 
branch aflBliates and all other ele- 
ments in the Jewish community to 
oppose extension of Sunday closing 
laws and to seek repeal of existing 
laws. 

The convention also registered its 
opposition to the practices of some 
schools and colleges which, it said, 
scheduled examinations and other 
required activities on the Jewish Sab- 
bath and other holy days. 

Anglican Churchmen Divided 
on More Liberal hitercommunion 

Clergymen in the Church of Eng- 
land are almost equally divided in 
their opinions concerning a recent 
appeal by thirty-two Anglican theo- 
logians for a more liberal policy on 
intercommunion. The appeal was 
addressed to the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury and the Archbishop of York. 
It said that "an increase in the num- 
ber of occasions when Christians of 
different denominations who sincere- 
ly seek union could meet at holy 
communion would prove a powerful 
influence toward uniting the church." 

This position was disputed in an- 
other statement signed by fifty-three 
members of the church's house of 
laity. They argued that communion 
is the expression of an already ex- 
isting unity, and must not be seen 
as "merely a means and instrument 
towards unity." They also reafSnued 
their belief that only a clergyman 
ordained by a bishop in the line of 
apostolic succession should adminis- 
ter the sacraments. 

25 



IN 



CHRIST 




E. STANLEY JONES 

364 page-a-day devotions 
which lead you into a deeper 
understanding of just what it 
means to be "in Christ" — the 
differences it can make in 
your life and living when 
you are "in Christ" and what 
happens when you are 
"out." $2.50 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin. Illinois 



Obituaries 



Byers, William Henry, son of Wilbur 
D. and Carrie E. Shipp Byers, was born 
near Greencastle, Pa., and died at 
Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 2, 1961, at the 
age of thirty-eight years. He was a 
member of the Waynesboro church. 
Surviving are his wife, Helen Weagley 
Byers, one daughter, one son, two sis- 
ters and one brother. The funeral service 
was conducted by Bro. Beverly B. 
Good, and burial was in the Price's 
cemetery. — Thelma M. Widdowson, 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

Custer, Harvey D., was bom Nov. 24, 
1883, and died March 31, 1961. He 
was married to Bessie Martin, who 

E receded him in death. He was a mem- 
er of the Castine church, Ohio. Sur- 
viving are two sons and five daughters. 
The funeral service was conducted at 
the Castine church by Bro. John Good, 
and biuial was in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Mildred Holsapple, New 
Madison, Ohio. 

Dewalt, Richard E., son of Richard 
and Nancy Ail Dewalt, was bom at 
Harrisburg, Pa., Feb. 13, 1955, and 
died Oct. 2, 1961. He was a member 
of the Spring Creek Sunday school. In 
26 



addition to his parents, he is survived 
by two brothers, one sister, three grand- 
parents, and two great-grandparents. 
The funeral service was conducted at 
the Spring Creek chinrch by the under- 
signed, and burial was in die adjoining 
cemetery. — J. Herbert Miller, Hershey, 
Pa. 

Dressier, Lucille G., daughter of 
John and Sarah Swigart Breininger, was 
born Feb. 5, 1907, in Lewistown, Pa., 
and died in 1961. Smrviving are her 
husband. Grant A. Dressier, one son, 
one brother, and two grandsons. She 
was a member of the Maitland chmrch, 
Pa., where the funeral service was con- 
ducted by Bro. George Reedy. Bvirial 
was in the William Lind Memorial 
cemetery. — Margaretta E. Leiter, Lew- 
istown, Pa. 

Ellinger, Minnie A., daughter of Dan- 
iel and Elizabeth Howe Zook, was bom 
at Maitland Nov. 24, 1874, and died in 
1961. She was married to Jacob El- 
linger, who preceded her in death. Sur- 
viving are one son and one grandson. 
She was a member of the Maitland 
chinrch. Pa. The funeral service was 
conducted by Rev. Raymond Dibble, 
and burial was in the Maitland ceme- 
tery. — Margaretta E. Leiter, Lewis- 
town, Pa. 

Fike, Howard, was bom in Elk Lick 
Township, Pa., Aug. 25, 1881, and died 
in Meyersdale, Pa., Oct. 1, 1961. His 
wife, Susan, died in 1951. SmMving 
are two daughters, five grandchildren, 
six great-grandchildren, and two great- 
great-grandchildren. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by Bro. Arthur Hunn 
in the Meyersdale church, of which he 
was a member, and burial was in the 
Union cemetery. — Pauline Snoeberger, 
New Enterprise, Pa. 

Cant, James L., son of William and 
Mary Williams Gant, was bom May 
6, 1875, in Auglaize County, Ohio, and 
died Nov. 17, 1961, at Findlay, Ohio. 
In 1911, he was married to AUie Watts, 
who died in 1959. Surviving are one 
son, two daughters, five grandchildren, 
five great-grandchildren, and one broth- 
er. He was a member of the Eagle 
Creek church, Ohio. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted at the church by the 
undersigned and Rev. Norman Rupert, 
and burial was in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — John W. Johnson, Williamstown, 
Ohio. 

GrofiF, Amanda M., daughter of Henry 
and Ehzabeth Meashey Nauman, died 
Oct. 6, 1961, at the age of seventy-six 
years. She was a member of the Florin 
church. She was married to Hiram H. 
Groff, who preceded her in death. Stn:- 
viving are two daughters, one son, nine 
grandchildren, sixteen great-grandchil- 
dren, and four brothers. The funeral 
service was conducted by Brethren 
Howard Bemhard and Henry Becker, 
and burial was in the East Fairview 
cemetery.— Effie Ruth Eshelman, Mount 
Joy, Pa. 

Hurlbut, Harry E., was born in South 
Haven, Mich., April 9, 1885, and died 
at St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 4, 1961. He 
was a member of the Mountain Grove 
church. Mo. Surviving are his wife, 
one stepson, two stepdaughters, and 
one sister. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by the undersigned, and burial 
was in the South Haven cemetery. South 
Haven, Mich. — L. M. Baldwin, Moun- 
tain Grove, Mo. 



Illig, Delia Jane, daughter of San- 
ford and Elizabeth Walker, was bom 
in Texas County, Mo., June 1, 1877, 
and died at Houston, Mo., Nov. 8, 1961. 
In May 1913, she was married to W. 
H. lllig. Siurviving are her husband, 
one son, two sisters, and two brothers. 
In 1932, she became a member of the 
Greenwood church. Mo. The funeral 
service was conducted by Bro. Ramey 
Cass and the undersigned, and buri^ 
was in the Greenwood cemetery. — L. 
M. Baldwin, Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Keener, Cora Maglalena, daughter of 
Josiah and Catherine Knoll Keener, 
was bom at Freeburg, Ohio, and died 
at Paris, Ohio, Oct. 8, 1961, at the age 
of eighty-four years. She was a mem- 
ber of the Freeburg church. Surviving 
is one son. The funeral service was 
conducted by the undersigned, and 
burial was in the Salem church ceme- 
tery. — John W. Johnson, Williamstown, 
Ohio. 

Kelley, Kennedy, son of Grafton and 
Jessie Brown Kelley, was bom in Mont- 
gomery county, Ohio, June 12, 1911, 
and died Aug. 26, 1961, at Yellow 
Springs, Ohio. He was a member of 
the Stony Creek church. Surviving are 
his wife, Virgie, one brother, and one 
sister. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by Bro. John Tomlonson, and 
burial was in the Glen Haven Memorial 
Gardens. — Mary Early, Bellefontaine, 
Ohio. 

Kyle, Cora E., daughter of David S. 
and Susan E. Kuhn, was born Jyne 30, 
1882, near Mound City, Mo., and died 
Nov. 17, 1961. She became a member 
of the Church of the Brethren early in 
life. On July 2, 1902, she was married 
to Wilham M. Kyle. Surviving are her 
husband, one sister, one brother, and 
eight grandchildren. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by Rev. J. Karl Jones, 
and burial was in the Pleasant View 
cemetery near Belleville, Kansas. — 
Anna M. Kuhn, Belleville, Kansas. 

Miller, Ben S., was bom Jan. 8, 1878, 
in Virginia, and died Dec. 2, 1961, in 
Parsons, Kansas. He became a mem- 
ber of the Parsons church at an early 
age. On April 13, 1902, he was mar- 
ried to Lillian Calvert, who died in 
1920. Surviving are his second wif^ 
Essa Pearl Morrison Miller, whom he 
married in 1922, two stepdaughters, 
one stepson, and one sister. The funeral 
service was conducted by Brethren 
Earl Myers and Ralph Hodgden, and 
burial was in the Blakley cemetery at 
Madison, Kansas. — Mrs. Blanche E. 
Milks, Parsons, Kansas. 

Miller, Marie, was born in Kentucky, 
and died at Dover, Ohio, at the age of 
seventy-eight years. She was married 
to Menno H. Miller, who died in 1947. 
She was a member of the Sugarcreek 
church, Ohio. Surviving is one brother. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Robert Fryman, and burial was in 
the Union Hill cemetery. — Mrs. Peter 
Domer, Sugarcreek, Ohio. 

Simmons, Sarah Jane, daughter of 
Christian and Anna Wine Simmons, 
died Nov. 28, 1961, at the age of nine- 
ty-three years. She was a member of 
the Cedar Grove church, Tenn. The 
funeral service was conducted at the 
Cedar Grove church by Brethren Rhett i 
Petcher and Ray Wine. — Mrs. Rhett R. 
Petcher, Kingsport, Tenn. 

Singer, Peter B., son of Peter and 

Susan Baum Singer, died Nov. 1, 1961, 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



it the Neffsville Home, Pa., at the age 
if seventy-seven years. He was a mem- 
)er of the White Oak congregation, 
iurviving are his wife, Ida Brandt 
iinger, four children, six grandchildren, 
ind one great-grandchild. The funeral 
«rvice was conducted by Bro. Jere 
Dassel, and burial was in the Hernley 
vlennonite cemetery. — Esther W. Cas- 
«1, Manheim, Pa. 

Wolf, Emery C, son of John and 
vlary Wolf, was born in Stark County, 
3hio, May 3, 1881, and died Nov. 21, 
1961, near Hartville, Ohio. He became 
1 member of the East Nimishillen 
;hurch at the age of fifteen years. On 
Dct. 5, 1901, he was married to Susan 
iinsley, who survives, together with one 
»n, three grandchildren, seven great- 
jrandchildren, and one sister. The fu- 
leral service was conducted by the 
indersigned, and burial was in the 
;hurch cemetery. — Merlin G. Shull, 
'>Iorth Canton, Ohio. 



Church News 

Southern Missouri and Arkansas 

Greenwood — James Parks of the 
3ood Shepherd church in Springfield, 
Mo., was the evangelist for our meet- 
ngs. Fifteen persons were added to 
■Jie church. The laymen have been 
loing some necessary repair work about 
he church. CBYF have covered the 
vindows to look like stained glass, and 
iiey are finishing an altar set to pre- 
sent to the church. A new pulpit was 
lonated also. The new minister, Le- 
.and Baldwin, has started on his work. — 
Phyllis Wolfe, Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Missouri 

' Warrensburg — Ira Metzker has be- 
lun his second year as our pastor. The 
noderator this year is James Baile. 
Samuel McCluney directed the every- 
uember visitation and Dee Halley the 
jvery-member canvass. The men's 
group has been reorganized; they have 
lad a breakfast and a talk illustrated 
Dy slides by the head of the local con- 
servation commission. Nine members 
jf the women's fellowship attended the 
women's district rally in Kansas City, 
rhe group has collected clothing, 
litamps, and nylon hose as part of their 
'projects for reHef. The fellowship sent 
i telegram to President Kennedy urg- 
jjig him to proclaim a week of prayer 
:or peace. One member, also, keeps 
he group up to date on measures of 
interest in government legislation. Mrs. 
iHarold Baile represented the district at 
iie Missouri Council of Churches con- 
vention in Columbia. The pastor is on 
•he board of directors of the council 
'ind is also serving on the ministry to 
nstitutions. The church was well repre- 
sented at the district meeting in the 
Rockingham church near Hardin. This 
vas the first conference for the corn- 
Dined districts. Charlotte Metzker at- 
tended the North American Youth 
Ecumenical Assembly in Ann Arbor. 
; Fourteen members of our congregation 
attended the meeting for church work- 
ers conducted by James Bowman and 
Salen Ogden in Kansas City. The 
;hurch was host to a subregional youth 
;abinet laboratory the first part of De- 
cember. Bro. James Mohler of Leeton, 
ANUARY 13, 1962 



If two 

are to become 

one 

DEWITT L. MILLER 



The purpose of this book is to help older youth and young adults 
develop a Christian concept of marriage that will guide them in 
evaluating maturity, in selecting their life partners, and in under- 
standing and satisfactorily handling the major adjustments of early 
married life. Courtship and marriage are discussed freely. This is a 
Faith for Life series book and can be used as an elective study 
course. Paper, $1.00 

CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, Illinois 



who is ninety-one years old, preached 
a strong doctrinal sermon. In spite of 
his age, he is still active in chujch 
work. Mrs. John Baile is serving as 
secretary at the city Council of Church 
Women this year. — Nan Mohler Scott, 
Warrensburg, Mo. 

Middle Indiana 

Roann — On Sept. 3, we had our 
home-coming during which we had a 
surprise for our minister and wife who 
had served fifty years in the ministry. 
We had a This Is Your Life program in 
the afternoon. Two were baptized and 
two were received by letter following 
the meetings conducted by Bro. Ken- 
neth Holhnger in September. The 
young" people sponsored a family night 
at which the DeLauters showed pic- 
tures of their trip to Annual Confer- 
ence. The men have been doing some 
repairs on the parsonage and have put 
new glass doors at the church entrance. 
Some of the women spent a day at Nap- 
panee helping to process clothing. — 
Edith Hoppes, Wabash, Ind. 

Northern Indiana 

Little Pine — Bro. John D. Metzler, 
Jr., brought the message at the morning 
worship service when the new pastor, 
Ralph W. Hoffman, was installed. Mr. 
and Mrs. Porter Bechtel, members of 
our church, are now in Baltimore in 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Before 
they left, we had a fellowship supper 
for them and for the new pastor and his 
wife. The women have been mending 
clothing and making comforters for re- 
lief. Wilham Khne, who recently re- 
turned from two years volunteer work 
at Falfurrias, Texas, told about his 
experiences there. — Mrs. Lowell F. 
Brock, Goshen, Ind. 



Northeastern Ohio 

Sugarcreek — A number of the juniors 
and junior-highs and their leaders at- 
tended camp at Camp Zion. Also some 
of the women attended the women's 
meeting at camp. Bro. J. Perry Prather 
of the Ashland City church conducted 
the evangehstic services at the Baltic 
church in September. A number of 
our members attended it. The Christian 
education committee of our congrega- 
tion has been meeting with the Com- 
munity Council of Religious Education. 
The women's fellowship has been mak- 
ing garments for babies and blankets 
for relief. The new altar furniture has 
been made possible through the gifts of 
Mrs. Celia Moomaw and Mrs. Lida 
Moomaw in memory of their husbands. 
We had a loyalty dinner on Oct. 26, at 
which time the film, SpUt-Level Family, 
was shown. The children of congrega- 
tions in the community visited towns 
round about for donations to UNICEF. 
We joined in the community Thanks- 
giving worship service at the Evangeli- 
cal United Brethren church on Thursday 
morning. Beginning with Nov. 5, mis- 
sioners began visiting in every home 
in the congregation. Lee Oats, a lay- 
man in the Akron church, spoke about 
the new Bretliren Home. We had a 
musical program for two churches, Bal- 
tic and our own. Sugarcreek was host 
to the subdistrict youth meeting on 
Nov. 9. Six have been baptized and 
three received by letter. — Mrs. Peter 
Domer, Sugarcreek, Ohio. 

Silver Creek — During the absence 
of our pastor, Ted Candy, Owen Cole, 
Roger Harding, and Chester Harrington 
filled the pulpit. Seven were baptized, 
two rebaptized, and six rededicated as 
a result of the meeting held by Bro. 
John Mishler of Decatur, Ind. Several 

27 





CHARLENE JOHNSON 

This book is for young married 
people who are eager to 
estabHsh their homes on a 
sound Christian basis. "True 
beauty is spiritual; it radiates 
from within, and is revealed on 
the outside." This is the 
essence of each chapter as the 
author writes of furniture 
arrangement, meal planning, 
family relationships, good 
grooming, entertaining, study 
for self-improvement and 
community service. Scripture, 
poems and illustrations add to 
the uplifting theme. $2.50 

Church of the Brethren 
General Offices 
Elgin, Illinois 



children were dedicated recently at 
our morning worship service. Our 
church joins with the churches of the 
community for the Good Friday service. 
World Day of Prayer, and Thanksgiv- 
ing. The local congregation was host 
to the fall youth conference. The men 
have been responsible for some im- 
provements about the church; a new 
well and the painting of the church and 
parsonage roofs. The women's fellow- 
ship has been making comforters, 
quilts, and collecting clothing for re- 
lief. We had an every-member can- 
vass on Dec. 10 — Mrs. Ottie Fisher, 
Pioneer, Ohio. 

Southern Ohio 

Trotwood — Since May 1, eight have 
been received by letter and two by 
baptism. Lou Cox of the Dayton YMCA 
spoke at the father and son banquet on 
The Olympics. Marjorie Denlinger di- 
rected die vacation Bible school. Three 
church groups have contributed money 
for pigs for Paraguay. At the July busi- 
ness meeting Michael Hodson was li- 
censed to the ministry for three years. 
The church also authorized a change in 
organization to provide for a steward- 
28 



ship commission of five members sepa- 
rate from the finance commission. Ivan 
Eikenberry spoke at two worship serv- 
ices on Aug. 20, and he and his wife, 
Mary, conducted a question and answer 
period for all of the adult classes. On 
Sept. 5 Bro. Auburn Boyers began his 
work as minister of Christian education. 
An installation service was conducted 
for him by Bro. Chester Harley on Sept. 
24. The women's fellowship has 
wrapped bandages and sewed for Beth- 
any hospital and the county children's 
home. In cooperation with family life 
commission they sponsored a family 
Christmas craft night. The ladies' aid 
has made crib covers, big blankets, and 
donated new blankets and a sum of 
money to the Brotherhood program 
and to the local program. The youth 
have had a number of activities during 
the summer and fall. In November they 
discussed conscientious objectors, the 
Brethren Volunteer Service, and the 
Peace Corps. Paul Robinson, president 
of Bethany Biblical Seminary, was the 
guest speaker at the morning worship 
hour on Nov. 5. The pastor conducted 
a dedication service for nineteen chil- 
dren and their parents the first Sunday 
in December. At the district confer- 
ence. Homer Royer, moderator of our 
congregation, was elected a member 
of the district board, and assistant mod- 
erator, Mark Shellhaas, to the Standing 
Committee of the Ocean Grove Confer- 
ence. — J. C. Flora, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Eastern Peimsylvania 

White Oak — Visiting ministers have 
been Brethren Kenneth Hershey, Ches- 
ter Petry, and Lester Markey. Donald 
Miller and Vernon Nell were the speak- 
ers for the harvest meeting and Bible 
conference. At this time, we took an of- 
fering for home missions and the Neffs- 
ville Orphanage. Bro. Harry Wolgemuth 
spoke at the time the achievement 
offering was taken. Visiting ministers 
at the fall love feast were Brethren 
Abram Eshelman, who officiated, and 
Kermit Strite. At this time we took an 
offering for foreign missions. Bro. John 
Geary held our evangehstic services as 
a result of which twelve were baptized. 
At the young people's meetings Bro. 
James Ober spoke on the second com- 
ing of Christ, Bro. Monroe Good about 
the mission work in Nigeria, and Bro. 
Roger Markey about the home mission 
point at Knobsville, Pa. The women 
have been sewing for the local hospitals 
and working at the Neffsville Brethren 
Home. — Esther W. Cassel, Manheim, 
Pa. 



Middle Pennsylvania 

Maitland — After serving as supoly 
minister, Bro. George Reedy was called 
as full-time pastor in April 1961. He 
was installed on May 16 and a reception 
followed the service. The attendance 
has been growing at both morning and 
evening worship and at the midweek 
prayer meeting. Nine have been bap- 
tized. We had a mother and daughter 
banquet and a father and son banquet. 
A number of tlie young people attended 
camp. Bro. Perry Liskey was the speak- 
er for the home-coming on Sept. 17. 
This was followed by two weeks of 
evangelistic meetings. The pulpit was 
filled by ministers from the area 
churches. Bro. Fern Dunmire officiated 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a free 
service in the interests of assisting 
individuals or families to relocate or 
secure employment in Brethren com- 
munities. It does not provide for the 
advertising of goods or property for 
sale or rent. Information on paid ad- 
vertising may be obtained from the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices. 

This service is part of the Brother- 
hood program, assigned for administra- 
tion to the Social Welfare Department 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject notices 
is reserved. Since no verification of 
notices is made no responsibihty can be 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it is 
necessary that the number be given. 
Write Brethren Placement Service, 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, 
Elgin, III. 

No. 551. Young married couple seek 
employment in Brethren community, if 
possible. Experienced in dairy fanning 
but wilhng to try other work. High 
school education. Both have served in 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Contact: 
Jack Lein, R. 1, Stanley, Wis. Phone: 
Midway 4-2403. 

No. 522, Wanted: The Hollansburg 
community, 14 miles from Greenville, 
Ohio, is seeking a general practice 
physician. We have two Brethren 
churches in our community. Please 
contact: Village Council, Hollansburg, 
Ohio. 



at the love feast on World Communion 
Sunday — Margaretta E. Leiter, Lewis- 
town, Pa. 

North Atlantic 

Amwell — Elder Ira C. Holsopple and 
his twin brother, Harry, of Penn Run, 
Pa., observed their ninetieth birthday 
anniversary at the home of the former. 
A brother, Edwin, was a guest, as well 
as other relatives, at the open house, 
in their honor. Since this occasion, Har- 
ry Holsopple died on Oct. 14. Of the 
family of eleven, only two survive. — 
Mrs. Henry Seiders, Rahway, N. J. 

Mardela 

Fairview — Some filmstrips have been 
shown in the children's department. 
Several persons attended the district 
conference at Easton, at which Bro. 
Paul H. Bowman, Sr., was the guest 
speaker. A number of our members 
attended the district supper at Camp 
Mardela, the proceeds of which are to' 
be used for the camp swimming pool. 
The women of the church had daily 
prayer meetings prior to and during 
the revival services conducted by Anna' 
Mow, former missionary to India. Seven 
GOSPEL MESSENGER! 



ersons were rededicated. On Nov. 19, 
Iro. Wilmer Crummett, district execu- 
ve secretary, delivered the sermon, 
iterwards everyone enjoyed a Thanks- 
iving dinner. — Helen N. Bridge, Cor- 
ova, Md. 



fri 



Ridgely— Since Sept. 1 Roy Judy, 
r., of Greenwood, Del., has been serv- 

ig as pastor. He is also the moderator 
f the church. Alton McDaniel, who 
erved at Ridgely the past three years, 

studying at Bethany Biblical Semi- 
ary. A group of the members spent 

day at the Brethren Service Center 
t New Windsor, helping to process 
lothing. Special events for observance 
f Christmas included a program on the 
loming of Dec. 17, a candlelighting 
srvice on the evening of the 24th, and 
n evening of caroHng during the week. 
'he youth made cookies for Christmas 
exes which were sent to the aged and 
but-ins. Merle Grouse, on furlough 
rom Ecuador, will hold our pre- 
laster services April 9-15. Brother 
rouse is a former member of our 
ongregation. The youth sponsored a 
jeaker from Alcohohcs Anonymous on 
)ec. 10. A member of our youth group, 
Jan Segar, represented CBYF of the 
Dutheastern region at the national 
abinet meeting held in Elgin during 
Christmas week. — Mrs. Lewis Cherry, 
idgely, Md. 

Northern Virginia 

Greenmount — Under the leadership 
f the pastors, Guy E. Wampler and 
saac J. Garber, a number of significant 
liings have been happening in this 
even-church congregation. For some- 
ime there has been discussion and plan- 
ling for dividing into two separate 
ongregations, Greenmount, Fairview, 
nd Mt. Zion on the west side and Pine 
Trove, Bethel, Melrose, and Bethany on 
he east. We hope to achieve more 
eadership and possibly reach more 
iiembers with a division. All of the 
hurches have shown an increase in 
giving over a ten-year period, but this 
vas especially evident on the east side. 
='or the past year the Bethel church 
las had an active women's fellowship. 
riie Bethel and Melrose churches have 
I joint youth group. These two church- 
s had a union Thanksgiving service at 
he Bethel church house. An electric 
)rgan was recently installed. Bro. Ray- 
:nond Shoemaker conducted evangehstic 
ervices at Bethany, which resulted in 
ix being baptized and four received by 
etter. Fairview church also had an 
;yangelistic service conducted by Guy 
V Wampler, Jr. Four were baptized 
;nd four received by letter. A heifer, 
lonated and raised by the Greenmount 
nen's fellowship, was dedicated in 
'Jovember in a service at the Fair- 
j'iew church. The four women's fel- 
owships of the west side churches had 
^ joint meeting at which Mrs. Lena 
l^^illoughby of Bridgewater spoke. The 
phristian education commission of the 
congregation is urging each church to 
pave a training class for teachers and 
ifficers during the Sunday school hour 
he first quarter of this year. They are 
jiflering assistance in planning for it. 
During the month of January they are 
jponsoring a school for everyone in the 
•ongregation on the theme. How to Be 
I Good Christian. The home and family 

Continued on page 32 
ANUARY 13, 1962 



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le limit on the number 

if times you can collect. 

'ays whether you are in 

he hospital for only a 

Joy or two, or for many 

veeks, months, or even 



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ys $2,000.00 cash for accidental death, 
ys $2,000.00 cash for loss of one hand, or 
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ys $6,000.00 cash for loss of both hands, or 
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APPLICATION FOR 

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Street or RD# 

City Zone State 



Date of Birth; Month_ 
My occupation is_ 
My beneficiary is_ 



_Day_ 



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_HeighL_ 



_Weight_ 



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1 also apply for coverage for the members of my family listed below: 


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FORM GS 713-3 



_Signed:X 



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Each adult age 
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Each adult age 
65-100 pays 



Each child oge 1 6 
and under pays 



IF YOU PAY 
MONTHLY 



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6. 



3. 



(F YOU PAY 

YEARtY 



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60. 



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MAIL THIS \ 
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Continued from page 29 

life commission is planning for our 
cottage and church prayer services this 
spring. Bible schools were held at the 



The COMPANY 

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Dr. Trueblood demands that 
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Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



Greenmount, Fairview, Pine Grove, 
Melrose, and Bethel churches. A num- 
ber of the young people, junior highs, 
and juniors enjoyed a camping ex- 
perience at the new camp. Brethren 
Woods. A harvest meeting for the con- 
gregation was held on Sunday this year 
instead of on the usual weekday. Spe- 
cial music and hymn singing were fea- 
tured in the program with Joseph Miller 
of Broadway, Va., having charge of the 
music. The churches all had an every- 
member visitation in September and a 
consecration service for teachers and 
oflScers. There has been a series of 
vocational meetings. Each church ob- 
served Thanksgiving with a service of 
some type. The joint CBYF is planning 
for a trip to New Windsor to help pro- 
cess clodiing. — Mrs. Glenn Armentrout, 
Linville, Va. 

Southern Virginia 

Antioch — On Oct. 1, the pastor con- 
ducted an installation service for all 
teachers and officers of the church 



Classified Advertisinj; 

SANCTUARY ARRANGEMENT ■ 
A new method of church seatinj 
that all users like. Installation; 
may be seen at the New Presbyi 
terian church, Charlottesville, Va,l 
the College Street church, Bridge, 
water, Va.; Brethren church, Sei 
bring, Fla. Write for information 
J. D. Wampler, 119 Oak Ave., Se 
bring, Fla. 



school and church. We observed th 
love feast on Nov. 4. The next momin 
we had a home-coming service in ob 
servance of the eighty-eighth anni 
versary of the church's organizatior 
The pastor, Carson M. Key, deUver© 
the message on the subject. The Valu 
of the Church. In the afternoon, Wai 
ren D. Bowman delivered the dedicator' 
sermon for the new educational uni 
and remodeled sanctuary. The pian 
for the sanctuary was donated as 
memorial by one of the families in th 
congregation. A number of our youn; 
people attended the fall youth rally a 
Christiansburg. — Blanche Jamisoi 
Boones Mill, Va. 



32 



ministeR's Book of trie month 



SELECTION for FEBRUARY 



The Minister and the Care of Souls 



DANIEL DAY WILLIAMS 



What does being a "pastor" mean in today's age of outer space and 
inner anxiety? The author opens new perspectives on the problems 
and potentials of the modern ministry and shows how both the 
light of faith and also the scientific imderstanding of psychology are 
necessary for ministers to fulfill the goal of all pastoral care; the 
bringing of salvation to the human spirit. 

Regular price $3.50; to members $2.45 plus postage and handling 

CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES Elgin. lUinoi! 

GOSPEL MESSENGEI 



Gospel 



mmw 



JANUARY 20. 1962 




Three Lions 



The Instrument of Praise 

"pHE most ancient organs may have been pagan in their origin. An old legend attributes the 
I-*- invention of the organ to Pan, who fashioned it out of reeds and pipes. But there are also 
juite ancient references to the organ as an instrument for praising God: "Praise him with stringed 
nstruments and organs." . . . Since the latter years of the Middle Ages the pipe organ has been 
he most complex of musical instruments, and its home has been chiefly in the sanctuary of 
churches, where its thousands of voices have trumpeted and sung the praises of almighty God. 



Gospel Messenger 

"Thy Kingdom Come" 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
111., at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service. 
Ecumenical Press Service 

JANUARY 20, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 3 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

The Instrument of Praise 1 

More Than a Major Health Problem . . 3 

No Pews for Rent, but Are They Free? 3 

The General Forum — 

The Word Alive. Inez Long 4 

Nations United in Christ. 

Edward K. Ziegler 7 

The Music of Praise 10 

The Church and the Soviet Union. 

Norman J. Baugher 12' 

The Days When the Heavens Open. 

Frances Bowman 14 

Take the Offensive. Howard H. Keim 18 
World Day of Prayer, 1962. Myrta Ross 23 
Tanganyika, a Fertile Stronghold of 

Christianity 24 

Reviews of Recent Books 26 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 20 

Church News 29 



Our Contributors 

Inez Long, wife of the pastor of the 
Lancaster church, Eastern Pennsylvania, 
and a member of the General Brother- 
hood Board, viTote The Word Ahve for 
a worship service at the General OfBces 
at Elgin, Illinois. 

Edward K. Ziegler, pastor of the 
Oakton church, Virginia, writes of his 
impressions of the New Delhi Assembly 
of the World Council, where he was an 
official representative of the Church of 
the Brethren. 

Frances Bowman is wife of the pastor 
of the Wooster church, Ohio. 

Howard H. Keim is the pastor of the 
Peoria church. Southern Illinois. 



Tax Refusal Would Destroy 
Government 

When Brother Zunkel's letter to 
the government refusing to pay all 
of his tax was published in the 
Messenger, several folks suggested 
that I should write in reply to it. . . . 

Now it is not my intention to try 
to give any suggestions as to how 
much we should spend for defense 
or anything else. I simply want to 
call attention to the fact that it 
would be impossible to run a govern- 
ment allowing such action by its 
citizens. 

In my community there is a large 
group of good people that have no 
use for high schools. I know some 
people that think the billions of dol- 
lars spent on farm crop support is 
worse than wasted. Some people 
even think that our money spent for 
relief in backward countries is 
wasted, etc. I could go on and on 
naming things that many people do 
not approve. 

I expect that if the government 
would allow people to pay tax only 
for the things that they approve the 
majority of the people would pay 
much less tax. Some might even find 
excuses not to pay any tax. 

Certainly no good Brethren would 
want to follow a course that would 
destroy our government even though 
it is not perfect. — Charles W. 
Wampler, Harrisburg, Va. 

Stop Deluding Ourselves 

For some time we have been read- 
ing in the papers articles encourag- 
ing families to build fallout shelters. 
How much value would they be? 

A modem nuclear bomb com- 
pletely destroys everything within an 
area ten to fifteen miles across, and 
for some distance beyond that, the 
intense heat would melt anything. 
Then for miles away tremendous air 
pressures and vacuums from the 
blast and the terrific fire storms that 
would follow would ruin the ven- 
tilating system which is the weak 
spot of a shelter. A few weeks ago 
Russia's big blasts aflFected barom- 
eters all over our country. One can't 
imagine the force of the air near 
the blast. 

But let us suppose that one has 
been far enough from any of the 
many blasts of a nuclear war to come 
from a shelter alive. What does one 
find? First of all, there is either 
no food, or whatever is left is highly 



radioactive, including farm animals 
and crops, and the soil itself would' 
be contaminated for years. There? 
would be no pure water except pos-j 
sibly in deep wells, and there prob-} 
ably would be no electricity to pump' 
it, as well as no electricity for heat 
or light. Transportation systems 
would be broken down, and there 
would likely be no law or order as 
each person fought for his own oi 
his family's survival. Medical care 
would be practically nonexisteni 
while many of the survivors would 
be dying a slow, agonizing deatt 
from radiation sickness. 

If a nuclear war comes, the lucky 
people will be those who will be 
killed instantly. Why don't we stop 
deluding ourselves building shelters 
and devote all our effort to building 
real world peace? — Mrs. Emersor 
Fike, Blue Ridge, Va. 

Begin to Understand 

In Moscow, at Christmas tinie 
some years ago, I met a girl namec 
Vera. 

Vera: "Why do you hate us sc 
much?" 

Myself: "Because you are so ma 
terialistic and cruel." 

Vera: "But you are materialistic 
You are always praising materia' 
goods and saying how you hav<i 
so much more money than othei; 
people." 

Myself: "I mean it's because yoi 
don't have any religion." 

Vera: "We believe that the whoI< 
world could be fed, and be neigh 
bors." 

Myself: "But you have destroyec 
so many who are innocent." 

Vera: "So have you. Your In 
dians. ... So have we. And w» 
have suffered, too, more than you 
for so many years." Her voice broke, 
"So much talk about being righteous 
it turns all men to stone. At leas 
we could begin to understand." - 
Ehzabeth E. Hoyt, Professor of Eco 
nomics, Iowa State University 
Ames, Iowa. 

Death Penalty 

Many oflBcial denominational state 
ments on the death penalty, includi 
ing two Brethren pronouncements! 
are collected in a useful booklet 
What Do the Churches Say on Capi: 
tal Punishment? (30c from 144 S; 
Quaker Lane, West Hartford 71 
Conn.). — Edward A. Manice, STij 
Yale Station, New Haven, Conn. 

GOSPEL MESSENGEli 



No Pews Tor Rent, Bi t Are They Free? 

Two churches in New York City have dis- 
continued their age-old custom of renting 



EDITORIALS 



— pews to member famihes. In one case the 
change of pohcy could mean a loss of revenue 
for the church, which has averaged about 
$15,000 a year income from this source. Among 
its pew holders were once such wealthy families 
as the Vanderbilts, Behnonts, and Morgans. But 
the present leadership of the church now advo- 
cates tithing and reports that former pew renters 
are increasing their pledges to the total budget 
of the church. 

Among other churches there is an age-old 
custom of regarding our places of worship as 
being "free" and available to any worshipers. 
Indeed, we have sometimes been so proud of 
our "free" churches — and even our "free" min- 
istry — that we have assumed that, like salvation, 
^ everything about them was free of charge. Not 
being required to rent a pew, not being ex- 
pected to pay a minister's salary, it was easy 
for some Christians to get the idea that such 
(services need not be paid for. But this is not 
the case. If pews are available to anyone, it is 



because someone sacrificed time and money to 
place them in a sanctuary. If ministerial leader- 
ship was once provided "free," it was because 
the volunteer pastor and his family paid a high 
price. 

So among the "free" churches, as well as 
among those fashionable ones in which the 
wealthy once paid a price to have a prominent 
place, there is one great requirement of members 
and that is a sense of stewardship, a feeling of 
responsibility for the total work of the church. 

The best age-old custom we can think of is 
the one followed by the Macedonians, whose 
"abundance of joy and their extreme poverty 
have overflowed in a wealth of liberality." They 
gave according to their means "and beyond 
their means, of their own free will." No pew 
renters there; they were lucky to have a place 
to sit down. But neither were they the benefici- 
aries of someone else's sacrificial gifts; they were 
the ones who sent aid to Paul when other groups 
ignored his need. 

Let us have more churches hke the church 
of the Macedonians. — k.m. 



YOU are invited to drop your dimes in the 
containers at the lunch counter. Or you 
may prefer to make a larger contribution 
when ladies in your community engage in the 
March of Dimes for the worthy cause of pro- 
tecting children against poho and related dis- 



More Than a Major Health Problem 



eases. 



By all means support this effort to tackle a 
aational health problem. But as you do so, ask 
yourself and your neighbors how you can do 
something about a menace that is 155 times 
more prevalent than polio. We are referring to 
ilcohohsm. 

Is it not strange that we can recognize the 

public danger and the private sujffering that 

cancer, polio and tuberculosis cause, but when 

t comes to one of the most widespread public 

lealth problems, one of the greatest threats to 

iafety and well-being, when it comes to facing 

It: :he obvious effects of alcohol, we close our eyes? 

tf [here are six times as many alcoholics as there 

'* ue cancer patients in the U. S. There are eleven 

; imes as many alcoholics as there are active 

oases of tuberculosis. Yet, as Dr. Caradine R. 

i iooten, general secretary of the Methodist 

Board of Temperance, says, "The American 

fl ; ANUARY 20, 1952 



people raise millions of dollars each year to 
fight cancer, TB and polio, but spend billions 
($10,700,000,000) to help spread the vims that 
causes alcoholism." 

If these figures seem impersonal, think back 
over the recent holidays when your newspaper 
reported on the many tragic accidents due to 
drinking. Consider the homes in which alco- 
holism takes a heavy toll, not only physically 
and financially, but in spiritual deprivation as 
well. The solutions for this national health 
hazard are not easy to come by, but it will help 
considerably if Americans generally at least face 
up to the situation as it is. When we become 
truly concerned we may be ready not only to 
offer help in rehabilitating alcoholics, but also 
in limiting the irresponsible advertising and 
discouraging the senseless consumption of al- 
coholic beverages. — k.m. 



If we think ourselves sitting in judgment on the 
world — a very favorite posture of the church and the 
clergy, by the way — we had better take warning. The 
world may be sent by God, and unless we deal with it 
seriously and humbly we may indeed be in great danger. 
— Samuel H. Miller, dean. Harvard Divinity School. 



The 

WORD 
ALIVE 



God, Our Creator, 
We know ourselves to fee 
Driven, like Adam and Eve, 
From a fooVs paradise. 

Match our Mood and hone, our mortal frame, , 
Against the folly we have dome and dear again. 

The Garden of Eden is sealed off; 

Only in memory can we return 

'Til every atom of God's dream for us 

Has spent its energy, 

And the flaming angel is not guard hut guide. 

To the City of Lights. 

Fire or poison dmst? 
Death in some nice street? 
We do not know. 
But this is sure: 
Our destiny is Thee; 
Thy will, disclosed or hid. 
Is life and death, 
Our all in all. 

God, we pray, 

Let our folly pass away. 

Without a cross. 



Nevertheless, 
Nevertheless, 
May we he faithful. 

Thy will he done. 



by Inez Long 



Christ comes alive for any age 

when Christians translate the 

Living Word into living language 



H A LIVING LANGUAGE is oiie which haSi 
energy to create new words. Our English 
language, unlike Latin, for instance, is a 
living language because new words come 
into the English vocabulary year after 
year. Latin is dead. Its vocabulary is 
fixed. By contrast, when Noah Webster 
published his first dictionary in 1828, 
there were 70,000 words in his unabridged 
work of the Enghsh language. The latest 
edition of Webster has 450,000 words and 



GOSPEL MESSENGER 




Religious News Service 

100,000 of these were entered since the previous edition. 

Christians are called upon to create words to revitalize the 
living Word for every generation. Our coinage is words in 
common circulation today. In our age, words like foolishness, 
emptiness, futility, absurdity and folly have taken on new 
meaning because vital writers are handling them in fresh 
ways. 

Albert Camus, French writer, called this age the age of 
the absurd. "In an irrational world like ours," he said, "the 
absurd is the result of trying to reason about the human 
condition." This idea is not new to Christians who have long 

JANUARY 20, 1962 



affirmed that God made foohsh the 
wisdom of the world. Yet Camus 
has succeeded in giving new poig- 
nancy to the idea by flexing strong 
words that tighten the muscles of 
flabby minds, including the minds 
of Christians too often static and 
weak from ease and disuse. 

The signs that Christians are 
not intimidated by words with a 
new twist are heartening. There is 
a story making the roimds of col- 
lege campuses these days about a 
student so irrational in his rehgious 
devotion that the fellows fashioned 
a foolscap and printed on it, "A 
Fool for Christ." They set it on 
his head. Later they were surprised 
to find that he had printed some 
words of his own on the back. As 
he went across campus, the fellows 
were faced with the ironic question, 
"Whose Fool Are You?" He knew 
that in an age of the absurd, a fools- 
cap is standard attire for everyone. 
Indeed, the Christian of today looks 
at the fool's paradise which we 
have built with our wisdom and 
sees some giant absurdities. 

First, the absurdity of fact. We 
are obsessed with the idea that 
there can be finality, perfection, all 
wrapped up in one neat human 
package. Experimental science has 
turned into modem dogma. Social 
planners have surefire solutions. Na- 
tions compete for Utopian schemes, 
each laying claim to an absolute 
ideology. Have Christians become 
dazzled, too, by perfectionahsm? 
Are we blind to the basic premise 
of our faith that man cannot trans- 
form this world by his own making 
into an earthly paradise? 

The Christian knows himself, 
instead, to be a pilgrim. He has 
here no abiding place. He knows 
that no five-year plan, no crusade 
for Christ, no hour of decision, no 
pietist people under the Lordship of 
Christ, will bring in a perfect new 
day. This is not what the Christian 
seeks. 

Christians are not tourists, work- 
ing up for retirement in a trouble- 
free Riviera. Christians are not 



colonists, staking out claims in 
clean, virgin territory with the 
hope of building a Garden of 
Eden, where never is heard a 
discouraging word and the skies 
are not cloudy all day. Instead, 
the Christian knows himself to 
be on pilgrimage so long as he 
lives upon the earth. 

We are a people en route. 
We move toward a Holy City 
which will be there for the 
faithful because God is there. 
If our very mortality makes 
precious this life and invites us 
to live it intensely, Christians 
know that this life is nothing 
compared to the glory that is 
set before us. 

Second, the absurdity of 
crisis. Our age is filled with 
crisis and revolution. Uncount- 
ed numbers of men, full of hate 
and revenge, look forward to 
retribution by which they can 
"return to their rights." They 
live to die in revolution which 
will set things forever right. 
Revolutionists believe that the 
world is so horribly evil that 
they are justified in using any 
horror which will change it. 
Death, mass murder, purges, 
terror — these are the weapons 
which revolutionists will use, if 
necessary, to bring in the new 
day. 

Revolution eats its way 
through vast areas of the world. 
Change, of course, is necessary. 
Revolt and rebellion can be 
healthy protests against abso- 
lute power. But revolution in 
our day means unlimited power 
to use unlimited freedom to in- 
flict whatever suffering is neces- 
sary to win, and then to keep, 
unlimited power over people 
rendered powerless. 

The Christian, instead, is 
creative. In our age the Chris- 
tian may not be called upon to 
refashion the world but simply 
to keep the world from destroy- 
ing itself. Christians are called 
upon to take shattered pieces 



and fill up the yawning gaps so 
that a working design can be 
formed. This creative work is 
not dramatic. It is tedious, un- 
publicized, often crude. But 
to take old broken patterns and 
reshape them into useful de- 
signs takes creativity of the 
highest dedication. Always the 
creative Christian sees as his 
task the utilization of what is at 
hand. To see symptoms of 
trouble, to take the edge off 
crisis before it festers and 
poisons — this is the creative 
task of the Christian as he lives 
with broken men and nations. 
The Christian knows that a 
gentle stimulus is more effective 
than a harsh one. He is like 
pliant steel, gossamer fine but 
firm. 

Third, against the absurdity 
of person, the Christian finds 
his total security in God, per- 
sonalized by Jesus Christ. 

Our age of togetherness is an 
age of bosom love. We have in- 
flated love into sweet attraction 
between persons. Even theo- 
logians have been misread ( be- 
cause our age does not take 
time to read them accurately) 
so that we reduce their concepts 
to the "I — Thou" relationship. 
All of this grows out of the 
plaintive appeal of our age for 
someone who will totally under- 
stand, who will completely ac- 
cept, who will approve all that 
we do so that we will be saved 
forever from loneliness, defeat, 
and rejection. 

If anyone is so unfortunate as 
to think he has found such a 
person and if he is so doubly 
unfortunate as to marry the per- 
son or serve him as boss or hail 
him as political messiah or even 
worship him as God, disillusion- 
ment is the third stage of such 
unfortunate alliances. There is 
no such relationship for man. 
Man is never free of pain, lone- 
liness, despair, or struggle on 
this earth. 

My daughter just completed 



a book called The Yearling, by 
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. I 
read the book in my senior year 
in college when it received the 
Pulitzer Prize. Together we re- 
read the last few pages of the 
story of a boy who had to re- 
linquish his cherished child- 
hood pet — a fawn, a yearling 
— to which he had given all the 
body-mind-soul love of a child. 
As he saw his beloved pet killed, 
he felt for the first time the 
anguish of being human and the 
demand made upon him to ab- 
sorb suffering like a man. The 
author wrote in a final para- 
graph, "The boy did not beheve 
he should ever again love any- 
thing — man, woman or even 
his own child — as he had loved 
the yearling. He would be 
lonely all his life. But a man 
took it for his share and went 
on. 

If the Christian knows him- 
self to be a child of God, still he 
is hardly the understood child 
as our age has developed the 
concept of childhood in our 
greater generosity of spirit to- 
ward the needs of children. The 
Christian understands well that 
the tension between a resisting 
universe and its Maker, be- 
tween rebelhous man and God 
does not disappear in a warm 
bath of personal affection be- 
tween creature and Creator. 

The Christian sees his image 
as a child of God through the 
Son of God whose flesh bore de- 
feats endured, disasters passed, 
and triumphs won. This is the; 
cross. We have a God of the 
cross. In Christ on the cross 
the Christian takes his image of 
all that it means to be human, 
stumbling, rising, falhng again.; 
In the cross he also knows what 
it means to be saved from the 
doom of his hiunanity, for he is 
kept by grace and forgiveness 
through all failure in full identi- 
ty with him in whose image hej 
is made, in whose will he is} 

Continued on page 9 

GOSPEL messenger! 




'T^HE Third Assembly of the 
-'- World Council of Churches, 
which met in New Delhi, No- 
vember 18 to December 5, was 
both a Christian church version 
of the United Nations, and a 
twentieth century Pentecost ex- 
perience. Even before this 
assembly, the 175 member 
churches represented a wide 
spectrum in faith and order, in 
Christian tradition, and in their 
basic understanding of the 
Christian faith and mission. 

At New Delhi, two actions of 
the assembly resulted in a great 
widening of this spectrum. One 
was the integration of the Inter- 
national Missionary Council in- 
to the World Council, as its new 
Division of World Mission and 
Evangelism. The other action 
was the receiving and welcom- 
ing into membership of twenty- 
Ithree churches, from every part 
of the world. 

As a backdrop for the assem- 

JANUARY 20. 1962 



by Edward K. Ziegler 

Photos by the World Council of Churches 

bly sessions, there was a huge 
deep blue banner with the sym- 
bol of the World Council, and 
the Greek word OIKOUMENE. 
The symbol represented far 
more than the great dream of 
spiritual unity of Christ's fol- 
lowers in every land. For here 
we experienced this unity. The 
new churches coming into mem- 
bership represented many lands 
— Pentecostal churches in Chile, 
a Reformed Church of New 
Caledonia, a Baptist Church in 
Cameroun, a Bantu Congrega- 
tional Church and one in Samoa, 
Presbyterian Churches in Ni- 
geria, Pakistan, the New Hebri- 
des, and Trinidad, Lutheran 
Churches in Tanganyika, Con- 
go, and the United States, 
Anglican Churches in Rhodesia 
and Uganda, the Orthodox 
Churches of Russia, Bulgaria, 



Roumania, and Poland — all 
these brought us a great step 
nearer the fulfillment of Christ's 
prayer that all his followers 
should be one. 

THE CHURCH IN THE WHOLE 
WORLD 

In the deliberative and busi- 
ness sessions of the assembly, 
speeches were made in English, 
French, German, and Russian. 
Through the miracle of elec- 
tronics and the amazing skill of 
young interpreters, all of us 
could hear instantaneous trans- 
lations of all that was said. We 
could exclaim, "We hear, each 
of us in his own native lan- 
guage." The leaders of the 
emerging churches of Africa, 
Asia, and the island world car- 
ried their full share of thought, 
worship leadership, inspiration- 
al addresses, and responsible 
work throughout the assembly. 
It was a deeply moving experi- 
ence to be led in worship by a 




The six presidents of the World Council of Churches for the next six years are, from left: Sir Franc 
Ibiam of Nigeria, Dr. Martin Niemoeller of Germany, Archbishop lakovos of North and South America, D 
Arthur Michael Ranisey, Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. David Moses of India, and Charles Parlin of the U.S.i' 



Baptist pastor from Central 
Africa, a Zulu bishop from 
South Africa, a young leader 
from Indonesia, a Methodist 
bishop from The Argentine. 

Powerful addresses by a Pres- 
byterian doctor who is governor 
of Eastern Nigeria, a Burmese 
pastor, a brilliant young so- 
ciology professor from Tokyo, 
a devout and seasoned scholar 
from South India, as well as 
by leaders from Europe, Ameri- 
ca, and Australia, gave us a 
world sweep of Christian con- 
cern, compassion, and prophetic 
vision. And when the presidi- 
um for the next term of years 
and the Central Committee 
were elected, again there was 
evidence that the mantle of 
responsible leadership is now 
being carried with equal grace 
and wisdom by men and women 
from many of the younger 
churches. 

The kind of vigorous, critical 
thought which the worldwide 



church of Christ needs was ex- 
pressed boldly by men like Sir 
Francis Ibiam of Nigeria, one 
of the new presidents of the 
council, Dr. Tokanara of Japan, 
Father Verghese and Dr. De- 
vanandan of India, as well as 
by Dr. Sittler of Chicago and 
President Pusey of Harvard or 
by a brilhant mathematics pro- 
fessor from Oxford and a theol- 
ogy professor from Amsterdam. 

PARTNERSHIP IN MISSION 

Since the Edinburgh Mission- 
ary Conference under the lead- 
ership of John R. Mott and 
J. H. Oldham in 1910, the Inter- 
national Missionary Council has 
had a vast and honored minis- 
try, uniting in partnership most 
of the churches sending out mis- 
sionaries, and later the emerg- 
ing Christian councils in the 
lands where the missionary 
movement has given birth to 
the new churches. Now, after 
years of careful preparation and 
earnest prayer, this great move- 



ment has come home as th 
Division of World Mission ani 
Evangelism of the World Courj 
cil of Churches. 

This act of integration is sig 
nificant in two areas: (1) Th 
mission emphasis, the oblige 
tion and high privilege of wil 
ness, now is at the very heart c 
the ecumenical movement. Ani 
(2) all churches, whether th 
ancient Orthodox Churches c 
the Near East and North Afric 
and Eastern Europe, the grea 
"state" churches of Wester 
Europe, or the vigorous denom 
nations on the American scent 
are now united in full mission 
ary partnership with the sc 
called younger churches. 

This amounts to full recoe 
nition that there are no longe 
mother churches and daughte 
churches, no longer "foreig| 
mission fields," but that now w 
are all partners in obediencf! 
with equal and worldwide re I 
sponsibility for such witness ami 

GOSPEL MESSENGE 



service as God gives us spiritual 
gifts to carry on. 

More than once in the as- 
sembly there was recognition of 
the need of an interchange of 
spiritual ambassadors. Now, it 
seems clear, there is need for 
Christian prophets and church- 
men to come from India and 
Nigeria, from Japan and the 
Philippines to bring inspiration 
and counsel to the churches in 
Britain, Germany, and America. 
From here on, this new partner- 
ship in mission will bring about 
a vigorous cross-fertilization in 
faith and church life. New Del- 
hi represents a long and pur- 
poseful stride forward in this 
matter. 

The great increase in Eastern 
Orthodox membership in the 
World Council will require 
much patient exploration and 
attempts to understand one an- 
other as we work together. 
Under God, the sense of mission 
and the need for witness in these 
churches may be greatly deep- 
ened. And all of us may come 
to a richer understanding of 
our common faith as we work 
with these brethren. They have 
a deep concern about the tend- 
ency of Western churches to 




On the platform at the New Delhi 
World Council of Churches Assem- 
bly are Dr. Ernest A. Payne, Bap- 
tist, England, vice-chairman of the 
Central Committee (left), and Dr. 
W. A. Visser 't Hooft, general 
secretary of the World CouncQ 



proselyte among them. The 
meaning of partnership in mis- 
sion with these ancient and 
proud heirs of the Christian tra- 
dition will be a matter of deep 
study and prayerful consulta- 
tion for years to come. 

PENTECOST? 

Yes, for here at New Delhi 
we saw again Babel in reverse. 




Churchmen from different parts of the world get together at the Third 
Assembly at New Delhi, India, as Bishop Otto Dibelius (left) of Berlin 
shakes hands with Metropolitan Yoannis (right) of the Coptic Orthodox 
Church of Egypt. With them is a member of the Salvation Army of India 
JANUARY 20, 1962 



Here from many cultures and 
many tongues, we came and 
found that the Holy Spirit had 
brought about a unity that was 
far beyond what we expected or 
could contrive. 

Yes, for as we worked, prayed, 
worshiped and visited together, 
and even amid the ecclesiastical 
machinery, there was from 
time to time the sound of the 
great winds of the Spirit. And 
when men and women whose 
witness had been forged in the 
fires of persecution in South 
Africa, in German concentration 
camps, behind iron curtains, 
and in the crucible of emerg- 
ing nationalisms, there were 
tongues of fire and moments of 
tremendous spiritual power. 

Yes, for here Christ's prayer 
that we all be one in him, came 
a great long step nearer fulfill- 
ment. 



The Word Alive 

Continued from page 6 

bound. We are never relin- 
quished by him who, though 
his very mercy sends us sorrow, 
toil, or woe, will bring us 
through folly to triumph. 

The Christian symbolism of 
the cross bears its marks upon 
the faithful. The cross is a 
foolish symbol for an age 
of worldly-wise absurdities, as 
Paul said: "The cross is folly to 
those who are perisliing, but to 
us who are being saved it is the 
power of God. For it is written, 
T will destroy the wisdom of the 
wise and the cleverness of the 
clever I will thwart.' Where is 
the wise man? Where is the 
scribe? Where is the debater of 
this age? Has not God made 
foolish the wisdom of the 
world? . . . For Jews demand 
signs and Greeks seek wisdom, 
but we preach Clmst cioicified, 
. . . whom God made our wis- 
dom, our righteousness and 
sanctification and redemption." 




The Music 

of 

Praise 




10 



GOSPEL MESSENGER 




"Let everything that breathes praise 
the Lord! Obviously this impHes the 
blending of human voices in hymns 
of praise (like the men of the Welsh 
Miners' Choir of Putney, Vermont). 
But it also involves, as the psalmist 
well knew, the reverent use of other 
delicately furnished musical instru- 
ments, as, for example, the graceful 
harp (to the left), or the harmonium, 
a type of reed organ so common in 
many small churches. Even the print- 
er's skill and the engraver's crafts are 
enlisted for purposes of praise. Else 
how could a singer or an instrumen- 
talist know how to "praise God in his 
sanctuary," to "praise him for his 
mighty deeds," and "according to his 
exceeding greatness"? 



Photos by Three ^ions 
JANUARY 20, 1962 




The 



Church 



and the 



Soviet Union 









by Norman J. Baugher 



Christians are called upon to seize opportunities 
to build bridges of understanding and reconcUiOr- 
tion between themselves and their churches as 
well as between nations. En route to the New 
Delhi Assembly of the World Council of Churches, 
my wife and I took the opportunity to visit 
Moscow, Russia, for the purpose of gaining a 
modest firsthand knowledge of the churches and 
of church life in the Soviet Union. We spent 
three intensive days in interviews with representa- 
tives of the Orthodox Church of Russia and visit- 
ing several of her institutions; then two days with 
representatives of the Baptist Union of the Soviet 
Union. 

The following summary represents our evaluation 
of the impressions we received of the church in the 
Soviet Union. 



Part III 

TXT'E HAVE given an account of our study of 
' » the Orthodox Church of Russia and the 
Baptist Union of the U.S.S.R. Throughout the 
account we have concentrated on reporting the 
gist of the answers to our many inquiries. We 
have refrained from personal analysis and evalu- 
ation. We wish in this third part to make a few 
personal observations of the state of the church 

12 



in the Soviet Union and of conditions generally 
growing out of our contacts and impressions 
during the seven days in Moscow. 

Contrary to many impressions before the 
visit, the church in the Soviet Union does not 
appear to be dying. It is not having an easy time 
of it because all official teaching and propaganda 
is oriented toward atheism. The church appears 
hmited in work with certain crucial age groups, 
such as children and youth, and appears to be 
supported predominantly by middle and older 
age people. But of considerable importance is 
the fact that even these middle and older age 
people are mostly people who since the revolu- 
tion in 1917 have found the church to be sig- 
nificant for their lives. 

Church life is dependent upon the initiative, 
interest, and integrity of the believers. There is 
no advantage to be gained in status, employ- 
ment, or reputation by belonging to the church. 
The revolution's decree to separate church and 
state has worked to strengthen rather than weak- 
en the church. This appears true for both the 
Orthodox Church and the Baptist Union. 

A specific development of recent decades 
has been in stewardship. Communicants have 
learned to give sacrificially for the work of the 
Lord because they know the church has no 
support other than from the members. Neither 
the Protestant group nor particularly the Ortho- 
dox body are in financial need. 

The church is compelled to find that delicate 
path between faithfulness and faithlessness in 
an unfriendly world. The church in a Commu- 
nist land is not the only church facing this test; 
indeed, this has been the test of the church in 
every land of every age since the first century. 
It is a debatable question in Christian history 
whether the church is likely to be less faithful 
or more faithful when compelled to hve in ex- 
treme tension with the culture and society in 
which it is set. 

History will need to prove the situation in 
the Soviet Union. My impression is that the 
church is seeking earnestly to be faithful to its 
best understanding of what the gospel's central 
demand is for this situation. Contrary to some 
criticisms I have read of the so-called com- 
promises and betrayals to communism of church 
leaders in Russia, I believe there is a sincere 
and humble attempt being made to be faithful 
followers of the Lord. There is reason to beheve 
such criticisms are rendering grave injustice, are 
bearing false witness against brethren in Christ, 
and may be added hindrance for the church in 
Russia. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



In stating the foregoing impression with 
complete frankness, I wish to state also that 
certain theological concepts held by the church 
in Russia seem to be tragically limited. Among 
the Orthodox with whom worship is central in 
the Christian experience, I have the impression 
the Protestant Reformation has had practically 
no influence. If Russian Orthodoxy is going to 
be relevant in a society as expanding and ag- 
gressive as communism appears to be develop- 
ing in the Soviet Union, the church must 
undergo an internal revolution. It appears to be 
still going much the same way it must have 
been pursuing when rejected in the revolution. 

The Protestant movement represents a 
theology of nearly thirty years ago. It argues 
the "monkey" and "mud" theories of creation. 
It conceives the church's role as strictly the 
nurture of the individual's perpendicular rela- 
tionship with God. Such concentrated pre- 
occupation with what is certainly the church's 
central function has tended to allow the church 
to rationalize its lack of involvement in all the 
influences of life which mold and affect the 
whole person. It is tragic in a society that 
places a premium on education that the church 
does not give professional training to its min- 
isters. 

There appeared on many instances in our 
contacts a tension or reticence when matters of 
church and state were mentioned. Whether this 
was true or only an imagined condition is prob- 
ably impossible to ascertain. It would be under- 
standable if true and probably indicates deeper 
and more complex issues than casual acquaint- 
ance and conversation could expect to involve. 

The thoughts of people seem controlled. 
There is only one source of information. At 
numerous points in conversations' limited in- 
formation was discernible. Where information 
was available it was likely known also to us, 
and the source of the information was rather 
obvious. The supreme tragedy of the situation 
is that there is a seeming lack of grasp that addi- 
tional information might be both available and 
relevant. 

All of this was especially the case in discus- 
sions that touched on international relations, 
"war and peace, and the history of relations be- 
tween our countries. This condition leads to an 
inflexibility of thought which we felt on numer- 
ous occasions. Every problem has its answer, 
every question has its solution, and every piece 
fits neatly into some master puzzle in which 
everyone beheves explicitly. 

JANUARY 20, 1962 



The church seems to support quite frankly 
and with enthusiasm the economic develop- 
ments which have raised the standard of living 
for the people. At this point the church is in 
complete sympathy with the Communist gov- 
ernment. But the church's very presence in the 
Soviet Union is a contradiction and rejection of 
communism's denial of God. On this count the 
churches in the Soviet Union stand as a tower 
of faith and light, and it would behoove all 
Christians of the world to pray that God would 
strengthen his people in the Soviet Union who 
stand at such a critical place and time in human 
history. 

Every opportunity for fraternal relations, ex- 
changes, and greetings with the churches and 
people of the Soviet Union should be seized. 
Visitors to the Soviet Union are welcome. They 
are given a full diet of propaganda by the oflBcial 
government intourist service. But it is a broad- 
ening and sharpening experience. Some things 
that might have been taken for granted are 
challenged. Wrong images of conditions, pro- 
grams, and people are corrected. There are op- 
portunities for Christian witnessing on a 
personal basis. 

The churches need to feel the concern and 
interest of the total world fellowship of Chris- 
tians. We plan to send the Gospel Messenger 
to the Baptist Union. They are eager to learn 
of their Christian brothers in other lands. I 
know of a plan to send a few personal theologi- 
cal books to one of the theological academies of 
the Orthodox Church. Perhaps sometime fra- 
ternal workers can fellowship in a peace insti- 
tute or work camp. We should stand ready and 
continue to pursue aggressively possibilities for 
fraternal workers to be located within the Soviet 
Union in connection perhaps with a church situ- 
ation. 

The acceptance of the Russian Orthodox 
Church into the World Council of Churches is 
most welcome and strategic. It is imperative to 
talk together and to hear with precision what 
we say to each other as churches. The day 
should come soon for the Baptist Union of the 
U.S.S.R. to apply for membership also so that 
there is a dual representation from the people 
of Russia in this world fellowship of churches. 

The visit to the Soviet Union with particular 
emphasis on studying the church's life comes to 
a close. As I write these words in the hotel in 
Moscow a few hours before departure for New 
Delhi, I feel ever so deeply that God "has en- 
tiTJSted to us [all of us] the ministry of recon- 
ciliation" in Jesus Christ. 

13 




Drawings by Harry Durkee 



COMEWHERE deep down in the heart of 
^ every man and woman is a great longing, a 
yearning, an intense something that will not be 
put down or put off. It is hard to describe this 
dynamic feeling, for it defies description, but 
somehow there is this bursting to be free at the 
center, this desire to have one's gifts, one's 
talents flowing out from this center. It must 
be the great unfathomable desire to be, to be 
alive, to give, to extend oneself, and thus some- 
how to become more than we are. Unless my 
life can pulse, flow, move, I am all dead inside, 
all stopped up like the closed perfume bottle. 

Perhaps this desire is like the great human 
cry for fresh air in a hot stuffy room, like the 
need for wings on which to float and soar above 
the mundane and the commonplace. 

It seems tragic that many of us who are 
women, plod through life without being aware 
of the depths within us crying for expression. 
The food we stand preparing is just "something 
to eat" and that is all. The laundry is just some- 
thing that "has to be done." When all around 
us the world is literally drenched and drowned 
with miracle and wonder, we stumble and 
bungle through life blind, maimed, and crippled. 

When food itself is such an eloquent mystery, 



14 



when each ripe tomato or peach or apple is a 
silent sermon of inconceivable depth, it is truly 
a sacrament to prepare food. We could ap- 
proach the peeling of a potato with reverence, 
for a little scrappy piece of an old dried shriveled 
potato, buried in the dirt, was incomprehensibly 
fed and watered by God's almighty hand, and 
lo! here are other potatoes that are smooth and 
fresh, round and brown. 

Perhaps this burning longing is too great 
and big a thing to describe is the inescapable 
human need to worship, to adore, to say "thank 
you" and yet know only dimly Him whom we 
thank; perhaps it is the need to reach out a 
fimibling, faltering, frantic hand in search of 
the almighty hand. Without this seeking, with- 
out this finding, we as persons become horribly 
lost and the world becomes stinking, putrid, 
senseless, and stupid. 

Unless I can pour myself out for Something 
or Someone, unless I can be continually empty- 
ing myself in some form of praise and service, 
I can scarcely tolerate my stagnant, stale, 
selfish self. Therefore, if at the very inner core 
of me I am a thankful, joyous, giving person, 
I must be continually searching for channels in 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



[vhich to place my thankfulness, my joys, my 
lioves. 

Where shall I find these channels? How far 

I have to look for the "right" ones? How 

uch time must I spend searching for places 

••into which I can unreservedly let flow my gifts 

to life? How many channels shall I choose? 

Does my inner spirit, my heart of hearts, feel 

at home in this clanging, banging, raucous world 

of ours in which we race and rush through many 

tasks half way and scarcely ever do anything 

I really well any more? Which does God prefer, 

'; quality or quantity? 

As for me, the places into which I can pour 
my love and praise are so near to me that they 
are hurting me. I can reach out and touch them; 
I am surrounded by them ( sometimes smothered 
by them). They are so close to me that some- 
times I cannot see them. They are like the little 
boy playing hide-the-thimble who is "it." "You're 
hot!" "You're burning up!" shout his playmates, 
but he does not see the thimble under the leaf 
in the planter upon which he rests his hand. 

On occasional treasured days I too am "burn- 
ing up" and I know it. On these days I see 
clearly that the most important channels 
through which I let flow my gifts to life are 
my cooking stove, my kitchen sink, my vacuum 
cleaner, my washing machine, my iron, my 
needle. True, I have learned to place my 
praises to God in other channels as well. There 
is my voice, my pen, my formal education. But 
I have faith to believe that the whirr of my 
washing machine is as pleasing to God's ears as 
the solo that I may sing in church on Sunday 
morning. I believe that the hand that reaches 
out in love to the tired heart of a husband or 
a child is, if anything, even more beloved by 
God than the hand which pens an' occasional 
article. 

But the days when the heavens truly open 
for me are the days when I realize that out of 
the careful nurture of a Christian home, a 
Christian college, and a Christian seminary I 
have made a momentous choice — to place most 
of the gifts of my mind, body, and spirit into 
the role of a Christian homemaker. 

On these days not only do the heavens open, 
not only is the world filled with light, but the 
loving, encouraging voice is there, saying, "This 
is my beloved daughter, in whom I am well 
pleased." 

Have the heavens opened for ^■ou? Have 
you heard the voice? 

JANUARY 20, 1962 



Listen at His Feet 

ERNESTINE HOFF EMRICK 

We tJiought of her as Martha, 
hut she's lately not the same, 

And those who know her well suspccl 
that Mary is her name. 

Now she who Jcneiv no peace unless 
each room were clean and neat 

Can leave the dishes in the sink 
and listen at His feet. 




15 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



PLEASE NOTE! 

Do not send money or checks to any of the 
Church of the Brethren personnel serving in 
Indonesia. Since they are not permitted to be 
in possession of American money in any form, 
such action can cause serious difHculties with 
Indonesian authorities. All financial matters 
should be handled through the Church of the 
Brethren General OflBces, Elgin, 111. 



Marie Eby Dadisman, wife of Lee Dadisman of 
Femald, Iowa, died Jan. 4, after a long illness. She 
was the stepmother of Missionary Mary Dadisman and 
Pastors Claude and Elmer Dadisman. 

David K. Hanawalt of Blain, Pa., expresses apprecia- 
tion for the prayers and get-well wishes from friends 
while he was in the hospital for surgery during the 
Christmas season, and since his return home. 

Myrtle Crist Porter, author of Little Red Hummy, 
Brethren Heritage in Kansas, a Panoramic History of 
the Quinter Church, and other Brethren literature, died 
at her home near Quinter, Kansas, on Dec. 27. 

Members of the Church of the Brethren who live or 
are spending the winter in or near Port Charlotte, Fla., 
are invited to get in touch with Dean L. Weaver, 711 
Conried St., phone NA 5-4092; or Rev. Frank Williar, 
E. 411 Gardner Drive, both in Port Charlotte. This 
town is on the west coast of the state, about midway 
between Sarasota and Fort Myers. 

TV and Radio Programs 

Directions '62 ABC-TV, Sundays, 3:00-3:30 p.m. 
ET. The National Council of Churches returns to the 
air for a series of four programs — Feb. 4, 11, 18, 25 — 
which will have as the theme The Development of 
Hymns. John Bloch will write the scripts. 

Look Up and Live. CBS-TV, Sundays, 10:30-11:00 
a.m. ET. Contemporary expressions of faith through 
the arts is the theme for the four National Council spon- 
sored program series, which began Jan. 7. For Jan. 21 
the subject is Keep a Civil Tongue in Your Cheek, a 
Christian commentary in the revue form. After a quick 
blast of a nonreligious piece of commentary, a sample 
of the work of a major artist, John Bloch, will be given. 
The Upbeat Downbeat is the subject for Jan. 28. This 
will be the church-oriented work of Ed Summerlin with 
combo and chorus played against the poetry of John 
Harrel. 

This segment of Look Up and Live is addressed to 
young people in terms they use and understand. 

National Radio Pulpit. NBC network, Sundays, 
10:05 — 10:30 a.m. ET. Dr. Ralph Sockman's topics 
for Jan. 21 and 28 are: The Force of Fidelity and Life 
Escapes. 

The Art of Living. NBC network, Sundays, 9:15 — 
9:30 a. m. ET. Dr. Norman Vincent Peale's topics for 
Jan. 21 and 28 are: Why Worry When You Can Pray 
and Cure for a Gloomy Outlook. 
16 



Capital gifts totaling more than $460,000 have beeB| 
reported to date in the Manchester College March ol 
Progress campaign, Rufus King, director of develop- 
ment, announced. This total represents gifts reported; 
during the thirty area campaigns completed so far. 

The Brethren Adult Seminar will be held in Wash- 
ington, D. C, and New York City, March 4-9. Two 
copies of the brochure describing the program and giv- 
ing information about expenses have been sent to each 
pastor. A registration form is also part of the brochure. 
Plan now to attend. The enrollment for the 1961 
seminar was 104. 

A scholarship fund for $510 was received by Man- 
chester College from the District of Michigan to initiate 
a student scholarship fund in memory of J. Edson Ulrey. 
The money was contributed by interested donors 
throughout the district. Brother Ulrey, who died 
few years ago, was a leader in the Michigan Districtjl 
and for thirty years a trustee of Manchester College. i| 

Elizabethtown College will add a major in physics 
to its course offerings starting next fall, Dean Jacob E. 
Hershman has announced. This expansion of the de- 
partment aims at training students who have graduate 
school as the objective, training in the area of teaching 
for certification in the field of physics, and strengthen- 
ing the preengineering program of the college. Eight 
new courses and two laboratory sessions will be added 
to the present curriculum. 

The Brethren Youth Seminar is to be held Feb. 4-9, 
1962, at Washington, D. C. and New York. Favorite 
personalities from past Brethren Youth Seminar pro- 
grams who have accepted speaking responsibilities for 
the 1962 Brethren Youth Seminar are: Andrew W. Cor- 
dier, UN assistant secretary general for general assem- 
bly affairs; Warren Mullen, former Washington corres- 
pondent for Kiplinger News; A. J. Muste, secretary 
emeritus of the Fellowship of Reconciliation; Herman 
Reissig, secretary for international affairs. United ' 
Church of Christ; Byron Johnson, official of Interna- 
tional Cooperation Administration and fonner congress- 
man; James Hamilton, National Council of Churches, 
Washington office; Kenneth Maxwell, National Council 
of Churches, director of international affairs; Franklin 
Jackson, president, National Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Colored People, Washington, D. C, 
branch; Harold Sherk, executive of National Service 
Board for Religious Objectors; and Asdrubal Salsamen- 
di of United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cul- 
tural Organization. Two new personalities on the pro- 
gram will be: Arthur Waskow, expert on civil defense, 
and Congressman Albert Quie of Minnesota. 

BSCM Conference 

Walking Through the Bible With the People of God 
was the general theme of four addresses given by Dr. 
Everett Tilson at the Brethren Student Christian Con- 
ference held at Elizabethtown College during the 
Thanksgiving holidays. Dr. Tilson, a member of the 
faculty of the Methodist Theological School in Dela- 
ware, Ohio, gave the 155 students attending the con- 
ference some new insights into the truths of the Bible 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 






od brought about a new appreciation for the continuity 
f the Old and New Testaments. In addition the stu- 
Ws participated in several challenging worship ex- 
iiences, including the dramatic worship, The Figure 
n the Cross, given by the host college under the direc- 
ioi of Mrs. Clarence Enterline. 

Students at the conference came from the following 
chools in addition to the Church of the Brethren col- 
iges and seminary: Ashland, Ohio State, Purdue, 
Jniversity of California, University of Cincinnati, Uni- 
ersity of Pannsylvania, Millersville State College, 
lorthwestern University, Princeton University, Ship- 
lensburg State College, Hershey Junior College, and 
Jniversity of Illinois. 

Var and Peace Film 

The Language of Faces is a film about war and 
leace — here and now. It depends neither on news- 
eels of past wars nor fantasies of future ones. It is 
bout a war which exists in the present tense, about 
>ombs that are exploding in slow motion — in the tum- 
ig of a million heads, in another million yawns at the 
leadlines, in another million quiet nods to the mass 
(reduction of mass destruction. 

The picture is dark, but there is a crucial difference 
)etween darkness outside and darkness inside. If we 
an admit to the war within, we at least have a place 

start. And if we are numb to the language of words, 
ve can speak in "the language of faces." Beginnings 
)eing made and this film shows one, not for the sake 

1 strategy or propaganda, but for the sake of self- 
fjevelation. If the seeds of war exist in each man, so 
■ nust the seeds of peace. The question is which we 

hall nurture. 

The Language of Faces can best be used with adult 
liscussion groups. This 16 mm sovmd film runs 17 
ninutes and may be rented from the Church of the 
brethren General OflBces, Elgin, 111. Rental, $5.00. 

'National Youth Cabinet Meets in Elgin 

The high point of Annual Conference for youth will 
lot be bathing in the Atlantic, but in a positive witness 
or peace. Sensing the urgency of our times and 
loting the close proximity of the Annual Conference to 
iVashington, the youth cabinet took action to request 
he opportunity for youth to participate in a peace 
-valk/vigil in Washington during the tinje of the 
Conference. 

A statement by a cabinet member that many youth 
;lo not know anything about Brethren Volunteer 
iService led to a discussion about ways to share informa- 
tion about this program with youth in the church. It 
>\as felt that BVS is one of the best ways for youth to 
?xpress in concrete terms their Christian faith and that 
nany more youth should be participating in the pro- 
jgram. A paper with six specific recommendations for 
Igreater promotion of BVS was adopted by the cabinet. 

Wilfred Nolan of Bassett, Va., chairman of the 
Southeastern Region CBYF, was elected the new chair- 
|man of the youth cabinet. A student at Bridgewater 
College, he served as a youth field worker in Southern 
! Pennsylvania and attended the North American Ecu- 
menical Youth Assembly. 

Attending this annual meeting of the cabinet Dec. 
26-29, were: Pacific Region — Sandy Spear, Robert 
Heiny, David Stover; Western Region — Treva Brown, 
Doris Coppock; Central Region — Ralph Detrick, Dan 
West, James Delk, Ruth Davidson, Rosalind Buck; 
JANUARY 20, 1962 



Eastern Region — Barbara Zuck, Berkey Knavel; South- 
eastern Region — Wilfred Nolan, George Keim, Alan 
Segar. 

Disappointment Over Disarmament Agency 

The U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 
is off to "a bureaucratically slow, financially and politi- 
cally uncertain start" because of lack of funds, stringent 
security regulations, a cautious director, and lack of 
public support. This is a distinct disappointment to 
those who have hoped that establishment of the first 
permanent disarmament planning agency would help 
activate American commitment to a negotiated agree- 
ment or general disarmament. 

The Brethren Service staff suggests that members 
(1) write the agency's director William C. Foster, De- 
partment of State, Washington 25, D.C., urging an 
imaginative approach to disarmament and enclosing 
signs of public support such as letters-to-the-editor, 
newspaper reports of public meetings, and copies of 
resolutions; (2) write their congressman asking him to 
communicate with Director Foster expressing support 
for a major research program into the economic, politi- 
cal, and psychological as well as the technical aspects 
of disarmament; (3) visit local opinion leaders in 
church, business, labor, university, and public affairs 
groups to acquaint them with the need for a more 
vigorous performance by the agency. 

Ordained to the Ministry 

Robert Rowe, ordained in the Pleasant Valley 
church, Tennessee. 

Irving Glover, ordained in the Big Swatara church, 
Eastern Pennsylvania. 

Philip M. Kulp, ordained to the eldership in the 
Ridge church. Southern Pennsylvania. 

The Church Calendar 

January 21 

Lesson outline hosed on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: God Is Spirit. Ex. 20:4-6; John 
4:5-26. Memory Selection: God is spirit, and those who 
worship him must worship in spirit and truth. John 4: 
24 (R.S.V.) 

Jan. 21-28 Church and Economic Life Week 

Jan. 28 - Feb. 4 Youth Week 

Feb. 4-9 Youth Seminar, Washington and New York 

Feb. 11 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 13-15 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, Va. 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 25 Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. Harper S. Will of Ft. Wayne, Ind., in the Green- 
castle church. Pa., Feb. 18-25. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Seven baptized in the Live Oak church, Calif. 

Four baptized in the Swan Creek church, Ohio. Four 
baptized in the Tiffin church, Ohio. 

Seven baptized and two received by letter in the Ambler 
church. Pa. Twelve baptized and two received by letter in 
the East Fairview church. Pa. Three baptized and two re- 
ceived by letter in the Ridge church. Pa. 

Two baptized in the Midland church, Va. 

17 



THE problem of evil is as old as mankind. People 
often ask, "Why do we have rattlesnakes, flies, or 
mosquitoes?" "Why do we have disease, poverty, and 
crime?" "Why do we have adultery, drunkenness, and 
war?" "Why didn't God make everything and everyone 
good, while he was in the process of creation?" 

To answer these questions we must ask another: 
"What was the purpose of God in the creation of this 
little planet and its inhabitants?" Did he wish to 
estabhsh here a nice little society of properly behaving 
robots? Did he want unquestioning obedience? Or did 
he want to establish the king- 
dom of God — a community of 
free persons, who would love 
him with all their hearts be- 
cause of who they discov- 
ered him to be, and who would 
dwell together in righteous fel- 
lowship and mutual service? 
By his very nature, God de- 
sires to win man rather than 
force him to be obedient to 
his wiU. Under no circum- 
stances will God remove our 
freedom to be disobedient to 
him and to make wrong 
choices in life. For it is in the 
process of exercising this free- 
dom, of learning through our 
mistakes, and rising above our 
temptations that we become 
mature, moral persons. 

Then we do right not be- 
cause we are compelled to do 
so, but because we understand 
and love what is right and 
good. We discover the higher 
values that accrue both to our- 
selves and to our society, when we are honest, truthful, 
and fair in all our relationships. 

But goodness is never a passive thing. It is forever 
on the march with God, seeking the lost, feeding the 
hungry, binding up the wounds of those who have been 
mutilated by the forces of evil in the world. It takes 
the offensive, to overpower evil with good. 

Take the offensive with your resources. God has 
given man considerable freedom with the resources of 
life. He was instructed to subdue the world and be 
master over it. He has made tremendous progress. But 
because his attitudes and choices are often wrong, the 
resources are sometimes used for evil rather than for 
good. 

President Kennedy, in a recent speech before the 
United Nations, outlined a detailed and excellent pro- 
gram for world disaiTnament. He further proposed to 
use the surplus food of the world to feed the hungry 
and raise their standard of living. Good people must 





18 



Offensive 

by Howard H. Keim 

GOSPEL MESSENGI 



m. 



J 



t the pace for the world corn- 
unity and for the neighbor- 
ed. When good people lead 
te way in the right direction, 
(hers will follow. 
Jesus said, "If your enemy 
lingers, feed him." Christian 
] ople have found joy in doing 
lis, and the results have been 
; lazing. But we must do more. 
lOst of us are satisfied to live 
a small fraction of our po- 
itial. What resources of time 
d goods we waste! If we only 
jciplined ourselves as indi- 
luals and as congregations, 
could visit the sick, revive 
ictive members, and evange- 
e the community for Christ, 
st resources of talent go un- 
ed in the church because we 
3 too timid. 

'God did not give us a spirit 

timidity but a spirit of power 

d love and self-control" (2 

1:7). Our material re- 

rces are staggering, but they 

id to stagger us with their 

eer weight, because we al- 

V ourselves to be enticed 

^ay from the basic simphcities 

life which Jesus knew so well 

d appreciated so much. 

Take the ofi^ensive with com- 

ssion. An ancient theory per- 

ts down to our day, that to 

I'stroy evil society must de- 

jS'oy the evildoer. Jesus re- 

prsed this idea. He said he 

cme to save sinners. He dem- 

«, strated the loving compassion 

(' God by forgiving individuals 

Mom his society condemned 

i d wanted to kill, the woman 

t:<en in adultery (John 8:1-11 ) 

I d the thief on the cross ( Luke 

i :43), to mention only two. 

J9US taught the way of recon- 

(iation and forgiveness and 

< en love of one's enemies. This 

i taking the oflFensive to over- 

*(me evil with good. 

Using our potential of wasted 

time we could visit the sick, 

revive inactive members, and 

evangelize the whole community 

World Council of Churches 
] ^lUARY 20, 1962 



When our attitude and action 
toward evil persons are truly re- 
demptive in the spirit of Jesus, 
evil may be overcome because 
the bad person is converted to a 
good person. But even if the 
evil person is not changed from 
his evil ways, as it sometimes 
happens, the chain reaction of 
evil is broken by the power of 
redemptive love, which starts a 
chain reaction of its own. 

Jesus was not successful in 
changing all sinners. He died 
on a Roman cross, and in this he 
provided a way for the salvation 
of all. It is not a cheap and 
easy answer to the problem of 
evil in the world, but it is the 
most magnetic answer that has 
ever been found. Thousands of 
lives are transformed every year 
because the Spirit of God 
prompts some of his children to 
take the offensive with com- 
passion. 

The futility and the costliness 
of the alternative solution pro- 
posed by the world are becom- 
ing more evident all the time. 
Nations drain themselves into 
bankruptcy to build and main- 
tain the instruments of war and 
retaliation. Our national securi- 
ty is diminishing proportionate- 



ly. If half these resources were 
invested, through an offensive 
of Christian love, to feed the 
hungry, clothe the naked, and 
release the oppressed, how 
much happier the world would 
be! 

Take the offensive in suffer- 
ing. The price of saving sinners 
and bringing to fulfillment the 
kingdom of God is the cross. 
The cross is not alone what God 
did through Christ on a skull- 
shaped hill outside Jerusalem 
two thousand years ago. It is 
also the suflFering Spirit of God 
transplanted to the life of every 
believer in every age. It must 
be incarnated in the life of 
every congregation of Chris- 
tians around the world. Only 
this willingness, in the spirit of 
Jesus, to suffer imprisonment, 
ridicule, beatings, and death 
will be able to overcome the 
evils of nationalism, racism, al- 
coholism, and war. 

The cross is the strongest 
magnet in the world. The free- 
dom riders and the students in- 
volved in the sit-in movement 
in the South have done more in 
two years to change the pubhc 
opinion of the nation than ser- 
mons and addresses did in a 
hundred years. Suffering love 




has redemptive power. Many 
a youth has been turned from a 
life of evil by a praying, suffer- 
ing mother. Saint Augustine 
was drawn from worldly dissi- 
pation to the Christian life by 
his good mother Monica. 

God is at times unable, even 
through sufiFering, to save evil- 
doers. At times he is unable to 
prevent injustice and infliction 



of suffering on innocent people 
by the acts of evil men. He is 
unable because he wiU not take 
man's freedom to choose evil. 
But he has taken the offensive 
in sending his beloved Son into 
the world as a "suffering serv- 
ant." He is forever reminding 
us of this through the cross. 

When Jesus came to the 
Garden of Gethsemane he had 



to choose between saving 1 
Hfe or saving his way of Hfe 
the suffering servant of Gc 
He chose to do the latter b 
cause he knew it to be the w 
of God. We too must choo; 
Let us take the offensive in si 
fering for righteousness, if nei 
be, for this is the way to li 
and a better world and the kir 
dom of our God. 



News and Comment From Around the Worl 



Catholic University in Poland 
Avoids Suppression by Reds 

One of the oldest paradoxes of 
Communist educational intransigence 
is the fact that the Polish government 
allows the Catholic University of 
Lublin to continue to exist. 

The university was threatened re- 
cently with confiscation after being 
handed a bill which would tax it out 
of existence. But now it appears to 
have received a reprieve and will 
continue as the only non-Communist 
university in the Marxist world, for 
the time being at least. 

Graduates of the university easily 
obtain jobs in Poland. One of its 
specialities is the teaching of lan- 
guages, a subject much neglected 
in Poland. The students are in great 
demand by publishing houses, ex- 
port-import offices, and travel bu- 
reaus. 

The Catholic institution has about 
1,800 students and half of them 
benefit from scholarships. Its library 




is one of the most famous in Europe. 
Possibly one of the reasons the uni- 
versity is allowed to exist is that it 
is one of the most important centers 
of historical research in the world. 
It has been found in Communist 
countries that once the Marxists take 
over a library or museum valuable 
works of art and historical books be- 
gin to "disappear." 

EKID Campers' Mission Brings 
Church to German Vacationers 

The Evangelical Church in Ger- 
many carried on a program last sum- 
mer to provide pastoral care for 
some 60,000 Germans on their sum- 
mer vacations abroad. 

During the summer months 118 
pastors held services at 74 vacation 
resorts in Western Europe, mainly in 
Holland, Denmark, Austria, and 
Italy. Organizers of the so-called 
"campers' mission" said the church 
program would be expanded next 
year to bring services to German 



Dr. Laton E. 
Holmgren (left), 
a secretary of the 
American Bible 
Society, presents 
a set of Bibles 
in the five official 
languages of the 
United Nations to 
R. Daniel Hogg, 
chief of the UN 
interpreters' 
section. The 
Bibles will be 
used by the 
interpreters in 
accurately 
translating 
Biblical 

quotations. The 
official languages 
of the UN are 
English, Russian, 
Spanish, French, 
and Chinese 



Religious News Service 



SO 



vacationers in Greece, Yugosla\ 
and Spain. 

Under the program, individ 
pastors or missionary teams are 
signed to specific vacation sites 
camping grounds, or are directed 
tour vacation resorts with mol 
chapels. 

1.000 Protestant Youths Voltmti' 
to Serve in Undeveloped Lone; 

More than 1,000 West Gem 
Protestant youths have voluntee 
for assignments in underdeveloj 
countries abroad with the Work 
Committee of Evangelical Churc i 
in Germany for Service Overseas 

The committee is a subsidiary! 
the Bread for the World campai 
of the Evangelical Church in C; 
many. It selects and trains voll 
teers for technical and charita* 
work in underdeveloped nations, i 

The yoimg people include graj 
ate students, craftsmen, technicia 
and social workers. Before the yoDl 
are sent out they receive thoroii 
training, which includes the spec 
social, religious, and cultural c 
ditions in countries where they ' ! 
serve. 

Although the young Germans 3 
not go about as missionaries, t i 
are expected to practice their Ch • 
tian faith in everyday life, to la 
remove any false concepts ab'l 
Christianity among foreign peo :. 

Adventists Flee to Safety 
From Shelled &fission Compoi 1 

A band of Seventh-day Advent :, 
including eleven women and ei t 
children, literally ran for their 1 i 
as they escaped from the crossfire i^ 
battling United Nations and Kata J 
troops, in the Congo. 

Because no cease-fire could f 

arranged during the fifty -two hd 

GOSPEL MESSENiil 






ley were under siege, the missionary 
roup finally had to leap from win- 
3WS of mission buildings and dash 

waiting cars that had been driven 
jhind the Adventist compoimd. 

During the course of the siege, the 
dventist mission was struck by at 
ast thirteen direct hits from mor- 
irs, bazookas, bombs, and cannon, 
he buildings were located about one 
iindred yards from a UN head- 
uarters and directly in the line of 
•e between UN troops and the Ka- 
ngans. 

lergymen Urge Organization 
Formers Into Unions 

Thirty-five prominent individuals, 
; whom more than half are clergy- 
len, have called for the organization 
• farm workers into unions to help 
lem "realize their rights both on the 
lb and in the larger society." 

They urged George Meany, presi- 
ent of the AFL-CIO, to continue 
lat organization's drive to get agri- 
ultural labor in the union move- 
lent. 

They said, "The nation's two mil- 
on seasonal and migrant farm work- 
rs are the poorest, most underem- 
loyed and least protected members 
E our labor force. Because of their 
overty and powerlessness, farm 
workers cannot organize themselves 
ithout help from their brothers in 
16 labor movement — the same kind 
f help that was necessary to organ- 
ic the steel industry and the textile 
idustry in the thirties." 

rational Council Schedtiles 
')verseas Churchmonship 
istitutes 

A new interdenominational pro- 
ram to prepare Christian laymen to 
■e more efi^ective spokesmen for their 
aith has been launched by the Na- 
ional Council of Churches. 

The council will sponsor its first 
nstitute on Overseas Churchmanship 
1 January at Stony Point, N. Y. 
vbout seventy-five laymen and wom- 
n, many of whom have government 
r other jobs that will take them 
broad, are scheduled to attend the 
nstitute. The popularity of a similar 
irogram for the United Presbyterian 
"hurch, which was started five years 
go, led the National Council to 
iponsor the same type of program on 
'n interdenominational basis. 

It is estimated that more than 
|. million and a half Americans, in- 
{:luding 600,000 civilians, live and 
vork in countries outside the United 
itates. 
ANUARY 20, 1962 




Women Witness for Peace 

► Brethren women from the Chicago area joined nearly 100 companions 
on Dec. 1, in a peace march in front of the Chicago Board of Health. This 
was a protest by the women against the arms race and the testing of nuclear 
weapons. It was particularly aimed at calling attention to the health danger, 
not only to those living, but also to the yet unborn. After marching for an 
hour, they were received by the president of the Chicago Board of Health 
to discuss questions concerning the hazards of radioactive fallout. 

Mrs. William Kuenning of Lombard, 111., a member of the York Center 
Church of the Brethren (pictured at left, above), made this statement, "I 
feel it is time that we say something! We must not stand idly by while the 
future of the human race is at stake. If we really believe in peace and 
disarmament, we ought to be willing to do something about it." 



Pakistan Christians Protest 
Censorship of School Texts 

Christians and other religious 
minority groups in Pakistan have 
viewed with alarm a Pakistani gov- 
ernment edict that all school books 
be censored to make certain they 
contain no material "objectionable to 
Islam." The West Pakistan Develop- 
ment Advisory Council said the gov- 
ernment was taking the steps to 
ensure that educational institutions 
do not indoctrinate young Pakistanis 
with "anti-Islamic ideas." 

It was reported that history books 
would be rewritten to present such 
events as the Crusades from the 
Moslem rather than the Christian 
viewpoint. At present a number of 
history books in use in Pakistani 



schools are the works of Englishmen, 
who viewed this particular period 
from the Western point of view. 

Churches-Sponsored Peace 
Corps Urged by- 
New Zealand Methodists 

New Zealand Methodists ap- 
proved the idea of a peace corps sent 
from that country to aid underde- 
veloped nations, but suggested that 
the effort be sponsored by church 
groups instead of the government. 
The New Zealand Methodist Confer- 
ence said such a corps would be 
more realistic and probably better 
if undertaken by qualified individuals 
supported by the churches. 

The conference urged the govern- 
ment to set aside at least one per 

21 



cent of the national income for the 
economic development of needy na- 
tions. It also commended parliament 
for recently abolishing the death 
penalty for murder, but suggested 
that capital punishment be barred 
for crimes of treason against the 
country. 

Preference for Religious 
Christmas Cards Reported 

Christmas cards in recent years 
have reflected an increasing desire 
to stress the spiritual character of 
the holiday and de-emphasize its ma- 
terial aspects. 

Jerry Cooper, president of Friend- 
ly Greetings, which will distribute 
some 9,000,000 greeting cards this 
year in every state in the nation, said 
that while more and more people 
are selecting religious themes for 
their Yuletide messages, interest in 
humorous Christmas cards has gone 
steadily downward. 

Until a few years ago, the great 
bulk of the more than one billion 
Christmas cards sold in the United 
States annually were distributed 
through regular commercial chan- 
nels. Today, however, the proceeds 
from the sale of about seventy per 
cent of all Christmas-card box assort- 
ments go to church groups and other 
nonprofit organizations which use 
the funds for a wide variety of proj- 
ects and activities. 

Two Conscientious 
Objectors Star in Film 

Two film stars who have taken the 
conscientious objector position in re- 
lation to military service are appear- 
ing in a movie version of the political 
novel. Advise and Consent, which 
will be released soon. 

They are Lew Ayres and Don 
Murray, who will portray the roles 
of Vice-President of the United 
States and Senator from Utah, re- 
spectively, in the new film. 

Mr. Ayres spends much of his 
time working for the Conference of 
Universal Reason and Ethics, a 
group dedicated to organizing re- 
ligious leaders to help mold public 
opinion. In a recent article in the 
Gospel Messenger Don Murray de- 
scribed the Homeless European Land 
Program, which he helped to found. 

Week of Unity Observances 
Planned by World Council 

Christians in more than fifty coun- 
tries around the world will again 
ofi^er prayers for an end to the di- 
visions which separate them during 
22 




Religious News Service 

Often criticized as an apologist of the 
Soviet regime and a leading promoter 
of its "peace" campaign. Archbishop 
Nikolai of the Russian Orthodox Church 
died in Moscow of a heart attack at the 
age of sixty-nine years. Formerly head 
of the department of external affairs of 
the Moscow Patriarchate, he resigned 
last year. Although at first opposed to 
the Russian Church's joining the World 
Council, he had an important share in 
the final decision to apply for member- 
ship 



the Week of Prayer for Christian 
Unity, Jan. 18-25. 

The theme of this year's observ- 
ance will be service — "I am in the 
midst of you as one who serves." 
This was one of the three main 
themes of the Third Assembly of the 
World Council of Churches. 

The same theme will also be used 
in a leaflet prepared for Roman 
Catholics participating in their 
Week of Prayer observances. 

In many areas, the week has be- 
come an occasion for new ecumeni- 
cal endeavors such as interconfes- 
sional Bible study, retreats, discus- 
sions, and conferences. A number of 
congregations in Europe have used 
the occasion to make contributions 
on behalf of the poor of another con- 
fession. 

Greece Orders Ouster 
of Evangelical Minister 

Security police in Katerini, Greece, 
have ordered the Rev. Argos Zod- 
hiates, a minister of the Greek Evan- 
gelical Church, and his family to 
leave Greece when his visa expires 
late in January. No explanation for 
the ouster was given by police. 

Since 1947 Mr. Zodhiates has 



served as pastor of the Katerij 
Evangelical church. With a membtf 
ship of 650 families, the congreg; 
tion is the largest Protestant pari> 
in a predominantly Orthodox cou 
try. Mr. Zodhiates is a Greek frc 
Cyprus and a British subject. 

In Thessalonika, Greece, two j 
hovah's Witnesses were each se 
tenced to forty-five days in jafl, fine' 
and placed under police supervisi' 
following their conviction on charg 
of proselytizing, which is outlaw 
in Greece. 

Governments Pledge $2.9 NElli(. 
for UN Refugee Programs 

About $2.9 milhon was pledgl 
by 28 countries for the 1962 progrr 
of the United Nations High Co 
missioner for Refugees. 

Other governments are expected 
announce their pledges for refug 
work at a later date. The amor 
pledged for next year is about t 
same as that for 1961. 

Mongi Slim of Tunisia, preside 
of the General Assembly, warn 
that the refugee ofiice must expa 
its efforts because of additional pre 
lems raised by displaced perse 
from Algeria and other parts 
Africa. 

President Names Church 
Leaders to "Freedom ] 

From Hunger" Unit 

President Kennedy recently i 
pointed Bishop Edward E. Sw! 
Strom, executive director of Cathc 
Relief Services and Charles P. T{ 
a former officer of the Federal Coi 
cil of Churches, to a commit 
headed by former President Ha 
S. Truman to launch U.S. part: 
pation in the United Nations Fr 
dom from Hunger campaign. In ( 
United States the new group will 
known as the U.S. Freedom fr 
Hunger Foundation and it \ 
"spearhead American participat 
in a global effort to treat the und 
lying causes of hunger and mali'. 
trition." 

Two former first ladies, \'i 
Eleanor Roosevelt and Mrs. Wo 
row Wilson, and Adlai E. Stevens i 
U.S. Ambassador to the United h 
tions, were among the thirty -th 
prominent citizens appointed 
membership on the committee t 
will launch the foundation. 

Mr. Kennedy said the foundat 
will cooperate closely with the F( 
for Peace program directed 
George McGovem and with the 1 
partment of Agriculture and 
Agency for International Devel 
ment. 

GOSPEL MESSENC 



:^orld Day of Prayer, 1962 



By Myrta Ross 



lib 



The horizons of World Day of 

lyer widen each year. Many 

imsands more women tlian ever 

fore from a growing number of 

nmunities will come together next 

irch 9, to celebrate the annual 

ervance. In more than 20,000 

vns and cities in the United States 

Ijidicated prayer groups will gath- 

;ri — a giant contrast to the handful 

:e j}0 knelt together on the first World 

y of Prayer 76 years ago. 

Farther and farther the message 

I ithis important event on the Chris- 

01 n calendar reaches each year. 

t bmen from the plains of Iowa join 

supplication with those in the 

Ji Epical Tongas, in the icebound 

rclctic, across Asia, Africa, Europe, 

?i|} Americas and the islands of the 

)tt is. 

'^'"World Day of Prayer is a sacred 

' |liday for our women," writes one 

pm Tanganyika, East Africa. "From 

I'my villages they arrive, some 

llJking for eight hours. Pastors add 

pir messages. Last year one pastor 

d to ford several rivers, and he 

^is nearly swept away by the swift 

* iter. 'But I forgot the trouble on 

" 3 way when I saw all those women 

^itening so eagerly to the word of 

'™)d,' he said." 

' "The situation changes almost 

'■^tm hour to hour here in the Con- 

J;' ," another writes from Leopold- 

le, "but preparations for World 

"iiy of Prayer go on as usual." 

Each year the service of worship 

prepared by women in a different 

untry. The service for 1962 comes 

)m Uruguay, and the theme is 

or God so loved the world." In 

United States the observance is 

onsored by United Church Wom- 

, a general department of the Na- 

'Hal Council of Churches. 

"Months of preparation go into 

3 World Day of Prayer so tliat its 

irit is yearlong in influence," noted 

rs. Paul Moser of New York, na- 

nal chairaian of World Day of 

itjayer in the U.S.A. "And, again, 

3 day's widening horizon is demon- 

ated by the global interests of the 

J [ )men participating. Each year the 

t ering is a vital paii; of the spiritual 

art of the day." 

Two areas of need have been 



ndi. 



Fo 



.-ell 



* 



chosen for special appeal in 1962, 
centering in Alaska and Africa. An 
unfinished task, begun during the 
75th anniversary year in 1961, 
awaits in those newly developing 
sections of the world. 

In Alaska the focus is on Anchor- 
age. Wide material progress is evi- 
dent there as economic opportunities 
call Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, Amer- 
icans. The rapidity of movement is 
breathtaking. But there is a shining 
need for coordination that would 
help create a Christian community, 
a united undertaking to relate the 
people to one another and to the 
church. World Day of Prayer offer- 
ings will provide a Christian worker 
for this task — one endowed with 
warmth of faith and friendship and 
understanding of the power of one- 
ness in community. 

The 1962 special offering for 
Africa will help establish a broad- 
casting and audio-visual center for 
the whole of Africa; equip two Cap- 
itol recording studios in Elizabeth- 
ville and Luluabourg in the Congo 
and one in Uganda plus a broadcast- 
ing-recording station in Nigeria. 

Africa is reported to have five and 
a half million radio receivers, and 
the number of sets is increasing at 
the rate of a million a year. Govern- 



ments in the newly independent 
countries are offering more and more 
time for Christian broadcasting. Al- 
ready World Day of Prayer gifts 
have helped strengthen the Mindolo 
center at Kitwe, where script writers, 
producers, and broadcasters are be- 
ing trained to use this vast new 
means of communication across the 
African continent. 

They can help carry out the 
advice of the Kitwe Writers' Confer- 
ence in 1961, calling "every Chris- 
tian in Africa to active proclamation 
of the good news." That "good 
news" has to do with the whole of 
life, and includes programs on home 
and family, health, gardening, and 
community interests as well as the 
direct gospel message. 

Another special 1962 overseas 
focus will be on the training of wom- 
en of the Protestant churches for 
fuller service in today's world. This 
will include visiting lectureships or 
exchange professorships among the 
twelve colleges in India, Pakistan, 
Korea, Japan, and Africa now aided 
by World Day of Prayer offerings. 
It becomes a thrilling possibility that 
a teacher of French in Cameroun 
Christian College might go to Isa- 
bella Thoburn College, India, to 
teach French; one who has taught 
Bible or science at Kinnaird might 
exchange a year with a teacher at 
Ewha in Korea. Thus the bond of 
Christian fellowship and understand- 
ing can grow among the colleges 
which have a common link in the 
World Day of Prayer. The widening 
of horizons of faculty members 
would extend to the students also. 




VUARY 20, 1962 



Representing the Church of the Brethren at the World Council Assembly in 
New Delhi, India, were Norman J. Baugher, general secretary of the General 
Brotherhood Board, and Edward K. Ziegler, pastor, Oakton church, Va. 

23 




TANGANYIKA 



Johnson from Monkmeyer 
A shepherd boy of Tanganyika 



Further World Day of Prayer gifts 
make possible books and magazines 
written in many tongues with em- 
phasis on Christian principles and 
distributed throughout Asia, Africa 
and Latin America. And through 
the education of the public carried 
out by women throughout the 
United States, animated by World 
Day of Prayer's broadening interests, 
the plight of migratory workers has 
become known. Today churches, 
joined with government and in- 
dustry, are awakened and are shar- 
ing the responsibility for the shame 
and long neglect. They are now 
seeking to bring a better kind of 
life to these people who contribute 
so much to our economy and to the 
well-being of every American. 
24 



A fertile stronghold 



► Tanganyika, which recently be- 
came the 28th African nation to gain 
independence and was slated to be- 
come the 104th member of the 
United Nations, is regarded by 
Protestant and Roman Catholic mis- 
sionary authorities as promising to 
become one of the continent's most 
fertile strongholds of Christianity. 

Political observers meanwhile have 
predicted that Tanganyika, whose 
326,000 square miles approximate 
the size of California and Oregon 
combined, will become a democratic 
showplace among the new African 
nations. In doing so they pointed 
to the orderly and peaceful manner 
in which its people, Africans, Asians, 
and Europeans, have evolved toward 
independence, and the sense of re- 
sponsibility with which they are fac- 
ing up to educational, social, and 
economic challenges. 

Tanganyika's population of 9,- 
500,000 is mostly pagan, and the 
Moslems, numbering some 1,600,- 
000, represent the largest religious 
community. However, there are 
around 1,300,000 Catholics and over 
500,000 Protestants. Both Christian 
communities have benefited from 
the friendly conditions in a country 
where interracial and interreligious 
relations are such that Catholic 
Bishop James Holmes-Siedle, Eng- 
lish-born head of the Kigoma See, 
was moved a few years ago to say: 
"Of all the countries I know in 
Africa, I prefer to be in Tanganyika 
. . . where future prospects are the 
brightest." 

As recently as last October, newly 
enthroned Anglican Bishop Trevor 
Huddleston of Masasi — a former 
missionary in the Union of South 
Africa, where he was expelled for 
writing a book criticizing the gov- 
ernment's racial segregation policy — 
had this to say during a visit to 
Chicago: "Tanganyika, which has 
no racial problem, could easily set 
the pace in East, Central, and even 
South Africa, in the matter of himian 



relations, provided she is given 1 
fullest possible backing and supp 
in the coming crucial years 
emergence." 

At the same time, he admonishi 
"The Christian church in Tangany; 
must concern itself with such '\ 
spiritual' matters as running wat 
decent roads, electricity, impro\ 
farming methods, hospitals, scha 
and social services of all kinds." 

Symptomatic of the favorable ; 
nation of the Christian communil 
was the fact that when independei 
celebrations were staged at Dar 
Salaam, the capital, Laurian Cai 
nal Rugambwa, Bishop of Rutab( 
the first African ever to be mad 
prince of the church — occupied 
place of honor beside Premier Jul 
Nyerere, himself a devout Catho 
as are about ten members of ■ 
Legislative Council. 

Other Protestant leaders, in ad 
tion to Bishop Huddleston, have a 
joined in optimistic appraisals ! 
Christianity's future in the forrj 
British-administered UN trust te\ 
tory. One was Dr. Melvin A. He! 
marberg, executive director of n' 
sions for the Augustana Luthe' 
Church in the United States, wh 
has some 100 missionaries in T 
ganyika. He likened the country 
the "eye of a hurricane" in conb 
to surrounding African nations i 
described a recent visit to the 1 
therans of Tanganyika as "I, 
touching anew and afresh the A 
of the Apostles." Among them, 
said, "Christianity permeates all 
life." 

Protestant missionary work 
Tanganyika dates back to the ti 
before World War 1, when the a 
belonged to Germany and sto 
foundations were laid by Gem 
Lutheran missions. At present tb 
are seven Lutheran churches 
Tanganyika, all of which w 
praised by the minister of health j 
labor last year for their "excelle 
educational and medical work. 

GOSPEL MESSEN* 



At the well in Tanganyika 



istianity 



There are also the Buhaya Evan- 
ilical Church and a new "Tan- 
nyika African Church" which was 
rmally constituted in 1960. Last 
jar, also, a new Anglican province — 
imprising the dioceses of Central 
inganyika, Masasi, South West 
mganyika and Zanzibar — was set 
) and Dr. Leonard J. Beecher, 
ishop of Mombasa, enthroned as 
first archbishop. 

At work, too, in Tanganyika are 
irious British, Danish, Swedish, 
id American missionary societies. 
he American societies include Men- 
jnite and Seventh-day Adventist as 
ell as Lutheran bodies. In addi- 
on, work is carried out by three 
itemationally supported bodies — 
16 Africa Island Mission, the 
riends Service Council, and the 
loravian Missions. 

Catholic missionary work began in 
878 when Pope Leo XIII sent the 
rst White Father missionaries to 
anganyika. The Catholic Church 
"i represented by two archdioceses, 
|5urteen dioceses and two abbeys- 
.ullius. Of the nineteen archbishops 
nd bishops, five are African. The 
'atholic population embraces 350 
,>arishes served by 1,098 priests, of 
vhom 254 are Africans. There are 
65 African nuns and some 2,000 
ifrican seminarians. In some dio- 
eses the proportion of Catholics is 
s high as eighty per cent and in 
ithers as low as seven per cent. 

In 1959, the Catholic bishops 
ounded the Catholic Welfare Or- 
;anization to coordinate efforts in 
uch fields as education, medical 
vork, and social assistance. Last 
une a notable demonstration of 
Oatholic-Protestant cooperation was 
)rovided when representatives of the 
Ilatholic organization met with oflB- 
nals of the Christian Council of 
Tanganyika, a Protestant body, to 
iiscuss educational matters of com- 
non interest. 
(ANUARY 20, 1962 




Signs of Renewed Interest 
in Scriptures, Survey Shows 

There are signs of rediscovery and 
renewed interest in the Scriptures, 
according to E. H. Robertson, di- 
rector of an international study on 
the place and use of the Bible in the 
life of the churches. 

The study was initiated five years 
ago by the United Bible Societies, 
including the American Bible So- 
ciety. Mr. Robertson says, "There 
is ample evidence of a turning to the 
Bible. There is also evidence that 
when men turn to the Bible, honest- 
ly seeking to know God's will, he 
speaks with clear tones, relevant and 
meaningful to our situation. The 
understanding of the Word of God 
and the power of the Word of God is 



Johnson from Monkmeyer 



conditional upon obedience. There 
are no other conditions." 

Record Budget Recommended 
for American Bible Society 

The Advisory Council of the 
American Bible Society has recom- 
mended a record-breaking budget of 
more than five million dollars for 
1962 to meet an unprecedented de- 
mand for Scriptures from people all 
over the world. The council is made 
up of representatives of over fifty-five 
Protestant denominations. 

The demand for Scriptures still 
outruns the society's resources de- 
spite new records of distribution 
constantly being achieved. In 1960 
the society distributed over twenty- 
three million Bibles and portions. 

25 



Reviews of Recent Books 



Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
ily constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
church libraries are marked with an asterisk (*). — ^Editor. 



Rufus Jones Speaks to Our Times. 

Harry Emerson Fosdick. Macmillan, 
1961. 289 pages. $1.95. 

As Dr. Fosdick says in the Intro- 
duction to this book, "Rufus Jones 
cannot be put into print. He wrote 
fifty-seven books and uncounted ar- 
ticles and editorials. ..." Rufus 
Jones was a "radiant person." To 
know him was a "kindling, stimulat- 
ing experience." "He possessed the 
'inner light' about which he wrote." 
In this anthology of Dr. Jones' 
writings. Dr. Fosdick has given us 
some of the cream of this gigantic 
soul. I read the book many years 
ago and was spiritually thrilled, 
deeply moved, and marvelously 
blessed by the experience. Anyone 
who is seeking for a surer footing 
for an abiding faith can be richly 
blessed by reading it. It is the sort 
of book one wants to return to and 
to read over again and again to re- 
fresh one's soul and rekindle his life 
and love for God. Dr. Fosdick pays 
tribute to Rufus Jones as one whose 
"social law in the spiritual world" 
was greatly appreciated as he, on 
entering the ministry, confused by 
the theological wrangles of his time, 
was seeking a sure footing for his 
faith. 

In creating this anthology. Dr. 
Fosdick arranges the materials from 
Rufus Jones' writings under thirteen 
categories. He begins with Where 
Is God? How Does God Reveal Him- 
self? What Is Man? He has such 
other interesting headings as How 
Explain Conscience? What Is Vital 
in Religion? Is Science Enough? 
What Does Prayer Mean? What Is 
the Christian Way of Life? and Why 
Believe in Immortality? 

In this anthology one will discover 
that "Rufus Jones has a message for 
these present times and for the fu- 
ture . . . while Rufus Jones did live 
yesterday, his thought was always 
dealing with tomorrow. He was a 
historian but he studied what had 
been for the sake of what might 
be. ... As he closed his address at 
his eightieth birthday dinner he 
said: 1 do not for a minute forget 
that I am on Pisgah and looking over 
a sweep of vision which another than 
myself must bring to realization. It 
will be young Joshuas, not eighty- 
year-old veterans, that will lead on 
26 



to new goals. But there, in front 
of us, is the land to be won.' " 

Every thoughtful, eager Christian 
can read with great profit this an- 
thology of this mighty Quaker 
saint. — Charles E. Zunkel, Port Re- 
public, Va. 

The Impact of Atomic Energy. 

Erwin N. Hiebert. Faith and Life 
Press, 1961. 302 pages. $4.00. 

This is an excellent history of the 
development of atomic power from 
the discovery of X rays to the 1960 
statements of the historic peace 
churches pertaining to atomic en- 
ergy. From the standpoint of the 
scientist, historian, and churchman 
the presentation is sound. It is rath- 
er easily read and understood with- 
out great technical knowledge. The 
author presents sitmulating insights 
into the feelings of nuclear and bio- 
logical scientists about the use of 
atomic bombs, health hazards from 
fallout, the armaments race, curtains 
of secrecy, and the threat of nuclear 
war. Throughout the book one 
senses the author's personal con- 
victions toward war which seem 
unquestionably related to his Men- 
nonite background. Peaceful uses of 
atomic energy are also clearly 
defined. 

This book will be a distinct aid 
to the nonscientist in understanding 
the atomic age and in taking his 
place in it intelligently. It would be 
most helpful to ministers and others 
without scientific training who wish 
to speak intelligently about atomic 
e n e r g y. — W. Donald Clague, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Dialogue and Destiny. Albert Ed- 
ward Day. Harper, 1961. 192 
pages. $3.50. 

Dr. Day, a well-loved pastor with 
a half-century of pastoral experience 
behind him, is deeply sensitive to 
the shallowness of contemporary life. 
"The world is full of discussion and 
debate . . . polite and conventional 
conversation," he says. "But there is 
little of the dialogue that creatively 
brings together deep question and 
delivering answer ..." He draws 
upon his rich experience to show 
how genuine dialogue can "enlarge 
mental and spiritual horizons, help 
men in the discovery of their real 



? 



11 



selfhood, enrich their fellowsl; 
with others, quicken their knov 
edge of God, and stimulate th< 
efforts toward a diviner society, 
of which he contends, are essent 
to the fulfillment of human destir 
The book is enriched with com 
less personal references and expe 
ences out of the author's pastoi 
counseling ministry, revealing he 
true dialogue enables individuals 
discover their ultimate meaning ai 
destiny as children of God. — Ci 
E. Myers. 

* The Sermon on the Mount ai 
Its Meaning for Today. Ernest Trii 
Thompson. John Knox Press, 196 
128 pages. $1.45. 

Although not academic and cril 
cal in its approach, here is one 
the finest and most helpful interpr 
tations of the Sermon on the Mouj 
available for the layman, chur( 
school teacher, and pastor. In th 
Aletheia inexpensive paperback r 
print, it should be widely used 
a special church school unit, for mi( 
week Bible study series, youth grow 
study, and personal spiritual growti 
Pastors looking for a significai 
series in a preaching program wi 
not be disappointed. The autlu 
succeeds in the goal of his title: F 
makes his insights relevant for toda;^ 
His illustrations are original, ricl!' 
compelling, and relevant — somi 
thing rarely found. Superb is h) 
first chapter. The Historical Bad! 
ground. { 

Brethren who have cherished an| 
attempted to take seriously this pa;] 
sage from the teaching of Jesus wii 
value highly the help this stud 
gives. — Harold Z. Bomberger, Mi 
Pherson, Kansas. 

Valiant for the Truth. David Oti 
Fuller. McGraw-Hill, 1961. 46 

pages. $7.95. 

The author of this "treasury ( 
evangelical writings" takes his tit) 
from Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progres: 
where a scene depicts a dialogu 
between Greatheart and Valiant-foi 
Truth. 

He has chosen selected passage 
usually the less well known of sta 
warts of the Christian faith, rangin 
across the vast centuries of tl 
church's life. Some of these passag< 
are quite fresh and little known, : 
is the case of the Epistie to Dioj 
netus, penned by an unknown write 
in classical Greek, probably in tl 
second century. In 1592, it wj 
printed in Greek and Latin by Hem 
Stephens, a French printer. Oth( 

GOSPEL MESSENGI 



le known passages are Archbishop 
inmer's last words before he was 
med to death at the stake, and a 
tually unknown essay of Jonathan 
.wards. 

Each contributor is given an ex- 
jtionally well-written, brief bio- 
iphical sketch which shows how 

was indeed a Valiant-for-Truth. 
JBeginning with St. Paul's fifteenth 
apter of First Corinthians, we 
ve lengthy or brief passages from 
hanasius, Anselm, Ambrose, 
irysostom, Augustine, John Huss, 
lomas a Kempis, Savonarola, Lu- 
ir, Zwingli, Cranmer, John Knox, 
hn Calvin, Richard Baxter, John 
myan, Jonathan Edwards, John 
esley, George Whitefield, Francis 
bury, William Carey, and a num- 
r of other worthies of more recent 
les, including Alexander Maclar- 
, Talmadge, Moody, and Spurgeon. 
From Martin Luther we have his 
ayer the morning before the Diet 

Worms, and his defense and ex- 
anation of all the articles of his 
lich were condemned by the Ro- 
an Pope; from John Bunyan, we 
ve Grace Abounding, from Jona- 
an Edwards, An Unpublished Es- 
on the Trinity, from David 
rainerd. Diary Selections, from 
dmadge. Jealousy. These selec- 
)ns give some idea of the wide 
nge of choices. 

This is really a very remarkable 
illection of writings which will give 
e reader a sense of the thinking 
id faith of men of many genera- 
)ns, and that of men who are 
msidered some of the greatest 
lurchmen of all time. — Charles E. 
unkel. Port Republic, Va. 

'For One Moment. Christmas 
arol Kauffman. Herald Press, 1960. 
56 pages. $3.25. 

In reality, this is a book of the 
ivful consequences of war. It is a 

niographical story, written in the 
lost dramatic, soul-searching fash- 
m of any biography I have ever 
jad. In graphic detailed descrip- 
ons, we follow almost breathlessly 
le little lad of five, Herbe Engel- 
art of Dresden, Germany, through 
n almost unbelievably frustrated 
ad ill-treated childhood. There is 
ne blow after another all the way 
) maturity; one can scarcely realize 

j [lat all of this could happen to any 

■ ne person, but it did. 

To know God for one moment was 

is agonizing soul-cry, as he awaited 

eath with his hands tied behind 

I im and his face to the wall in a 

j'ommunist prison. At the end of 

\NUARY 20, 1962 



four minutes, he was to be shot, un- 
less he confessed he was a spy. 
Since he was not a spy, this he would 
not do. Before his last breath, his 
whole being cried out, "My God, I 
ask not that you save my life — only 
to know the way, the truth." 

Was it any wonder he had come 
to deny a God? You will live the 
reason why with Herbe. You will 
feel his heartache at five when he 
and his brother Willie are dragged 
away from their mother and older 
sister by a "Papa" they did not really 
know, to live with him and his new 
young, selfish war bride whom they 
were forced to call "Mother." 
You will feel the tender affection of 
Herbe for his mentally retarded 
brother Willie and weep with them 
when they are torn apart as Herbe 
at nine years of age is sent to a 
school in Czechoslovakia to become 
a priest. 

For a time he found in Hitler 
the idol of all he thought was good 
and true, only again to find it end 
in bitter disillusionment after giving 
all he had in World War II and win- 
ning medals for heroic action. The 
death of Willie, a frustrated ro- 
mance, no one or nothing to cling 
to culminated in an empty life, not 
worth the living. 

And then it happened. In soul 
distress, all the accumulated agony 
of a lifetime cried out to know God 
for just one moment. God answered. 
He saved his life, and of a surety 
Herbe knew God lived. Through 
Bible reading, study, prayer, and 
Christian friends, Herbe came to 
know God as his "refuge and 
strength." His new convictions are 
deep and sincere. We leave them in 
Toledo, Ohio, settled there as a D. P. 
family sponsored by a church. 

This' is an unforgettable reading 
experience. The true story of Herbe 
Englehart is symbolic of countless 
others who suffer from the curse of 
war. 

This is a fine book for church li- 
braries, for women's fellowship 
groups, and as well, for youth. — 
Mrs. Charles E. Zunkel, Port Repub- 
lic, Va. 

Below the Surface. Alice I. Hazel- 
tine. Abingdon Press, 1958. 223 
pages. $3.95. 

This is an intriguing and exciting 
collection of seventeen adventure 
stories. Young teeners should thrill 
to the discoveries made underground 
of former civilizations, treasures, rel- 
ics, and accomplishments. 

The more recent underwater ex- 



A 
guide 

to 
group 
Bible 
study 



TAKE and READ 

E. H. Robertson 

This book finds an answer to 
the question of effective Bible 
study in the Bible study groups 
of Europe. Describing several 
groups in action, the author 
shows how basic principles 
growing from their experiences 
can be applied by Christians 
everywhere. $1.75 



Church of 

Ihe Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



plorations make Lloyd Bridges very 
small time. 

The determination of these hunt- 
ers in desert heat, Mikimoto's seem- 
ingly endless work in creating the 
cultured pearl, the sand hog and his 
continual game with death, all add 
up to challenging reading. — Anna 
Kepner, Gettysburg, Pa. 

Treasury for Special Days and Oc- 
casions. E. Paul Hovey. Fleming 
H. Revell, 1961. 317 pages. $3.95. 

Another commendable collection 
of quotations on a wide variety of 
subjects, coming from wide reading. 
Paul E. Hovey has an unusual ability 
to gather insights and illustrations 
that become a rich treasury for use 
by those who speak and teach to 
enrich and illumine their messages. 
It will be a helpful and useful tool 
for all who treasure such resources. — 
Charles E. Zunkel, Port Republic, 
Va. 

27 



CLIP and MAIL TODAY 



^loridcL ^ebruarvf 9-iJtA to ^^Ineteentk 



After serving the West Virginia and Western Maryland districts in 
Self-Allocation meetings late in January and early February, I wiU be 
driving on south to Florida. It is my intention to serve members in the 
Sunshine State for approximately two weeks subsequent to arrival the eve- 
ning of February 5. 

My coming by car enables me to have conversation with those members 
who would like to obtain information concerning a Christian will, the ex- 
ceptional benefits of the Brotherhood's Annuity Plan, the advantages of 
investing in the million dollar Church Extension Loan Fund, or other 
means by which our world-wide work may receive benefit, with generous 
income being assured to those members who place funds with the General 
Brotherhood during their lifetime. 

You who desire to confer with me about any of the above mentioned 
possibilities or other interests should feel free to write and request that I 
visit you. Your confidence will be respected fully and you will incur no 
obhgation because of our conversation. If you are a Florida resident or 
anticipate being a visitor there between February 5 and 19, why not take 
advantage of this opportunity to talk with me personally sometime during 
the two weeks I will serve in Florida? Simply fill in the following invitation 
form and mail it to me, designated "personal," without delay. This deeply 
appreciated cooperation will enable me to effect travel economies as I journey 
throughout the state. 

Harl L. Russell, Director of Special Gifts 
General Brotherhood Board 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, Illinois 

Dear Brother Russell: 

I (we) ■wish to visit with you about my (our) interest in 



I (we) are at home usually during the day, or between 
(a.m.) (p.m.) and (a.m.) (p.m.) 



Name 



St.; R.F.D. 
City 



Phone 



State 



Anniversaries 

Mr. and Mrs. Earl Coover celebrated 
their fiftieth wedding anniversary on 
Nov. 16. They are members of the 
Stony Creek church, Ohio. — Mary 
Early, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 



Obituaries 

Anderson, Marion Luther, was born 
Oct. 13, 1896, in Wood County, Ohio, 
and died Nov. 27, 1961. He was a 
member of the Deshler church, Ohio, 
serving in the office of deacon. Surviv- 
ing are his wife, Iva Anderson, three 
children, and eight grandchildren. The 
funeral service was conducted by Breth- 
ren J. F. Hornish and James Philip 
Shankster, and burial was in the Mc- 
Comb Union cemetery. — Mrs. Marvel 
Anderson, Hoytville, Ohio. 

Balmer, Laura S., daughter of James 
and Martha Shirk Moore, died Oct. 21, 
1961, at Lancaster, Pa., at the age of 
eighty-three years. She was a mem- 
ber of the White Oak congregation, Pa. 

28 



Surviving are eight children, nineteen 
grandchildren, twenty-seven great- 
grandchildren, and two sisters. The fu- 
neral service was conducted at the 
Longenecker church by Brethren Jere 
Cassel and Ollie Hevener, and burial 
was in the adjoining cemetery. — Es- 
ther W. Cassel, Manheim, Pa. 

Becker, Landis C, son of Samuel and 
Erma Gibble Becker, died Nov. 10, 
1961, at Lititz, Pa., at the age of sev- 
enty-two years. He was a member of 
the White Oak congregation. Surviving 
are his wife, Sadie Hershey Becker, two 
children, six grandchildren, two broth- 
ers, and seven sisters. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted at the Longenecker 
church by Brethren Jere Cassel and 
Ollie Hevener, and burial was in the 
adjoining cemetery. — Esdier W. Cassel, 
Manheim, Pa. 

Bowers, George H., son of Walter 
and Susanna Boone Bowers, was born 
in Roanoke, La., and died Nov. 18, 
1961, at the age of fifty-eight years. He 
was a member of the Florin church, Pa. 
Surviving are his wife, Margaret Myers 
Bowers, four sons, four grandchildren, 
and four brothers. The funeral service 
was conducted by Brethren Howard 



Bernhard and Henry Becker, and bur 
was in the West Greentree cemetery. 
Effie Ruth Eshelman, Mount Joy, I 

Brenner, Ira C, son of David aj 
Susan Minnich Breimer, was bo 
Sept. 14, 1872 and died Oct. 30, 19( 
at his home in Brookville, Ohio. C 
Sept. 14, 1895 he was married to Vio 
Troutwine, who died Jan. 1, 196 
He had been a member of the Churi 
of the Brethren for more than fif 
years, the last thirty years which 1 
had served as deacon in the Brookvil 
church. Surviving are one daughtt 
one son, five grandchildren and elev( 
great-grandchildren. The funeral ser 
ice was conducted by Bro. Fred He 
lingshead at the Brookville church ar 
biurial was in the Parish cemete 
nearby. — Mrs. Lucille Dull, Brool' 
ville, O. 

Brown, Wilbur F., son of Simon 
and Martha Noll Brown, was bom 
Waynesboro, Pa., and died Dec. 
1961 at Waynesboro at the age < 
seventy-three years. He was a men 
ber of the Waynesboro church. Su 
viving are his wife, Carrie E. Gardn( 
Brown, one daughter, one son, foi 
grandchildren and eight great-gram 
children. Funeral service was coi 
ducted by Brethren Beverely B. Goo 
and Kenneth Franklin and burial Wc 
in the Green Hill cemetery. — Thelm 
M. Widdowson, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Bryan, Lydia Fisher, died at Dixoi 
111., Dec. 7, 1961 at the age of eight) 
seven years. On Jan. 1, 1901 she w£i 
married to C. A. Bryan, who sm-vive' 
Five daughters, seven grandchildrei 
eight great-grandchildren, one sistt 
and one brother also survive. The fi 
neral service was conducted in th 
Dixon church by Bro. Wayne Mille 
and burial was in the Chapel Hill ceir 
etery. — Mrs. Bertha Bowers, Dixoi 
111. 

Day, Agnes Leona, daughter c 
Osceola and Anna Salyards, died a 
Bethesda, Md., Nov. 29, 1961 at th 
age of seventy-six years. She wa 
married to Peter Day, who precede^ 
her in death. She was a member o 
the Cedar Grove church, Va. Survi\ 
ing are eight children, four sisters, anc 
three brothers. The funeral service 
was conducted at the Cedar Gro\ 
church by Bro. William L. Zirk, as 
sisted by Rev. L. O. Dasher, am 
burial was in the Emmanuel cemeter; 
at New Market. — Mrs. Eunice K, 
Showns, Mt. Jackson, Va. i 

Fetterman, Minnie M., was bon 
Oct. 29, 1890 and died Dec. 6, 196:| 
at Windber, Pa. Surviving are threij 
daughters, five grandchildren, one sisi 
ter and six brothers. She was a mem| 
ber of tlie Montgomery church. Pa.! 
where the funeral service was conducte< 
by Bro. Ivan Fetterman. Burial was ii 
the Montgomery cemetery. — Mrs. Flor 
ence Donahey, Glen Campbell, Pa. 

Gibbel, Anna, daughter of Cyru: 
and Lizzie Gibbel, was born Aug. 10 
1900 at Brunnerville and died Nov 
28, 1961 at Ephrata, Pa. A graduate 
of Elizabethtown College she was i 
faithful member of Middle Creel 
church. Pa. Surviving is one sister 
The funeral service was conducted a< 
the Middle Creek church by Brethrer 
Bard Kreider, Henry Wenger and El 
mer Brubaker, and burial was in the 
adjoining cemetery. — Emma L. Zook 
Lititz, Pa. 

GOSPEL MESSENGEI 



Kufford, Odis G., was bom Sept. 19, 

17 and died Nov. 18, 1961. In 1917 

iivas married to Grace Grouse, who 

|l in 1956. He is survived by three 

four daughters, thirteen grand- 

ren, and one great-grandchild. 

memorial service was conducted 

3ro. H. R. Richards, and burial was 

|he Rossville cemetery. — Lillian A. 

lord, Rossville, Ind. 



■ebiehl, Aurora Mary Ghristianna, 
ghter of Jacob and Elizabeth 
biehl, was born near Rossville, 
, June 5, 1878 and died Nov. 5, 
1 at Lafayette, Ind. She was bap- 
:d in the Ghurch of the Brethren 
y years ago. One brother and two 
lers survive. The memorial service 

conducted by Bro. R. H. Richards, 

1 burial was in the Pleasant View 
letery. — Lillian A. Hufford, Ross- 
e, Ind. 

latliflF, Lura Agnew, died Nov. 24, 
51 at the age of eighty-four years. 

Dec. 2, 1899 she was married to 
s Ratliff, who preceded her in death. 

2 became a member of the Church 
the Brethren at Topeco, Va., April 
<2. Surviving are six sons, two 

lighters, two sisters, twenty grand- 

Idren and eleven great-grandchil- 

;n. The funeral service was con- 

cted at the Topeco church by Breth- 

1 A. L. Warner and S. B. Alderman, 

i burial was in the church cemetery. 

Hattie H. Keith, WiUis, Va. 

Redner, Garl Wesley, son of Glar- 

ce and Maude Williams Redner, 

id Nov. 25, 1961 in an automobile 

cident at Northfield, Mass., at the 

e of thirty-five years. Surviving are 

5 wife, two daughters, his parents, 

ree sisters and one brother. The fu- 

ral service was conducted by Bro. 

sverly Smith at Summit, Va., and 

irial was at the Salem cemetery. — 

rs. Sada Craun, Bridgewater, Va. 

Sheller, Ernest N., was born near 

dora, Iowa, Jan. 6, 1883 and died in 

uramount Galif., Aug. 29, 1961. In 

)09 he was married to Mamie Moore. 

irviving are his wife, two daughters, 

X grandchildren, three sisters and 

ur brothers. The funeral service was 

)nducted at the Paramount Methodist 

lurch by Rev. Wayne Ulrickson, and 

[irial was in the Rose Hills Memorial 

ark. — The family. Paramount, Galif. 

I Shoemaker, Nina Elizabeth, daugh- 

I'r of John and Vallie Harshman, was 

'orn near Myersville, Md., Dec. 1, 

;904 and died Sept. 7, 1961. She was 

■ member of the Beaver Greek church, 

Id., for thirty-eight years. Surviving 

re her husband, John Shoemaker, one 

aughter, one son, six grandchildren, 

vo sisters and four brothers. The 

'meral service was conducted by Bro. 

'.'yrus Strite, and burial was in the 

lOse Hill cemetery, Hagerstown. — 

Irs. Glarence Farver, Hagerstown, 

Id. 

Yoder, Ira Daniel, was born June 
, 1878, at Somerset, Pa., and died at 
:ovina, Galif., Dec. 2, 1961. He was 
|ireceded in death by his wife in 1959. 
j'urviving are one son, one daughter, 
|ive grandchildren, five great-grand- 
hildren, one brother and one sister, 
i'he memorial service was conducted 
Q the La Verne church by the under- 
igned, and burial was in the Ever- 
green cemetery. — Harry K. Zeller, Jr., 
-.a Verne, Galif. 
ANUARY 20, 1962 



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HIS PEN IN HER HAND 

Compiled by Anetta C. Mow 

Over 225 poems by Brethren 
women, suited for general 
reading for enjoyment and 
inspiration and for use in 
family devotions and in pub- 
lic worship services. $2.00 



HANDBOOK ON BRETHREN HYMNS 

Ruth B. Slatler and Nevin W. Fisher 

Each hymn written by a Brethren author 
and each hymn set to a tune by a Brethren 
composer is discussed by Mrs. Statler as 
to its spiritual implications and, in many 
cases, as to its origin and history. Follow- 
ing each such discussion is a set of sug- 
gestions, written by Mr. Fisher, for the 
song leader in order that the most effec- 
tive use may be made of the hymn. A 
brief biographical sketch of the authors 
and composers is also included. $1.50 



CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. Illinois 



Church News 

Southern California and Arizona 

Tucson — Marie Andrews, a senior 
at the University of Arizona, was the 
soloist at a vesper service one Sunday 
evening. As a part of the service the 
pastor gave readings. The Christmas 
program was held on Dec. 17. We 
have had a net gain in membership of 
twenty-five members. The attendance 
has increased 19% and the congrega- 
tional giving 22%. Seventeen persons 
of our fellowship attended the Arizona 
Brethren camp at Gamp Tontozona 
near Payson. Harley Arnett and Loren 
Woods brought messages on Layman's 
Sunday. Four members attended the 
district conference in October. The 
youth of the church are corresponding 
by tape recording with the youth of 
the Ghurch of the Brethren in Ecuador. 
During the month of September the 
church was challenged to commitments 



of time and resources tlirough the 
every member canvass. The pastor 
was in charge of the training sessions 
for the visitors. The youth held a 
weekend retreat at Mt. Lemon in Oc- 
tober. Tlie pastor, Dean M. Miller, 
has been appointed chaplain at the 
juvenile Detention Home, a work 
sponsored by the Tucson Council of 
Churches. — Clara Banks, Tucson, Ariz. 

Colorado 

First Grand Valley - On Sept. 1, 
Ernest Jehnsen became pastor. The 
installation service was in charge of 
Ed Duncan, the district executive sec- 
retary. The congregation remodeled 
the parsonage early in the summer in 
anticipation of tlie pastor's coming. 
Ten persons have been received by 
letter. We were host to the World 
Community Day service on Nov. 3. A 
number of the younger women assisted 
in the migrant camp at Palisade during 

29 



Christian 
Affirmations 

Costen J. Harrell 

Dealing with such subjects 
as Love, Grace, Faith, Life, 
Death, and the Coming of 
the Kingdom, Bishop Harrell 
here has set down a clear, 
inspiring picture of the core 
of Christianity — valuable to 
any reader who seeks to 
discover these basic Christian 
affirmations for his own life. 
$2.00 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices. 

Elgin, Illinois 



the fruit harvest, and some have helped 
with the younger children at the state 
home at Grand Junction. We had a 
Thanksgiving supper and family night 
on Nov. 19. The youth fellowship as- 
sisted by the aid service served break- 
fast preceding the Thanksgiving serv- 
ice. The women have a coffee hour 
once each month in the homes of the 
members. The aid service sent a layette 
and children's clothing, toys, and 
treats to the Lybrook mission for Christ- 
mas. In observance of the Christmas 
season, the primary department gave a 
program, A Birthday Party for Jesus, 
on the 17th of December and a group 
presented the play. Stranger at the 
Door, on Dec. 20. — Mrs. Berma V. 
Kelley, Grand Junction, Colo. 

Middle Indiana 
Spring Creek — The children's de- 
partment collected clothing and mon- 
ey for relief instead of going out for 
trick or treat. The Menno Men's 
chorus of Goshen, Indiana brought a 
message in song on Nov. 26. Bro. Ken- 
neth Long held our revival meetings in 
November. Since then two have been 
baptized. The women meet once a 
month to make quilts and comforters 
for relief. At the last council meeting, 
we decided to send $200 toward help- 
ing Cuban refugees. — Mrs. Walter 
Warner, Pierceton, Ind. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 
Fredericksburg — Bro. James V. 
D'Amico conducted the evangelistic 
30 



services in the Meyer church in Au- 
gust. Ben Lew, a Christian Jew, was 
the speaker at the midweek service on 
Aug. 16 in the Fredericksburg church. 
Another special program was the re- 
port by Lois Bross on her Internation- 
al Christian Youth Exchange. Sixteen 
youth and two leaders attended Camp 
Swatara during the summer. On Sept. 
5 we had a reception for ten new 
members at the Meyer church followed 
by baptismal service. Bro. J. Becker 
Cinder was the guest minister for the 
Harvest Home service in the Fred- 
ericksburg church. A number of our 
congregation attended the Labor Day 
Christian education conference at 
Heidelburg. Faye Gibbel reported on 
her volunteer service work at Falfur- 
rias, Texas and Michael Kurtz of Rich- 
land spoke at a German service in the 
Wenger church. Fourteen of our con- 
gregation participated in the district 
chorus festival at the Lebanon High 
school. Other guest speakers at serv- 
ices have been Bro. Roy E. McAuley, 
president of Elizabethtown College; 
Robert S. Young, who spoke at the 
kitchen dedication in the Meyer 
church; Brethren James V. D'Amico 
and Conway E. Bennett, who were 
ministers at the love feast service; and 
Richard H. Hackman, who gave a 
temperance talk in the Meyer church. 
Our congregation was represented at 
the district meeting and at the district 
children's meeting. Recommitment 
Sunday was observed at both churches 
on Sunday morning, Nov. 5. Henry 
Hackman showed pictures of his work 
in Poland in the Fredericksburg 
church. The youth attended the film- 
spiration at Elizabethtown sponsored 
by the district youth. Bro. William L. 
Gould of Lebanon was the guest speak- 
er for the Thanksgiving service at the 
Fredericksburg church. — Grace E. 
Meyer, Ono, Pa. 

North Atlantic 

Philadelphia, Bethany — The Herald 
choir of Delaware County, Pa., gave a 
concert of sacred music at the evening 
service Sept. 17. A program by the 
beginners, primary, and junior depart- 
ments was given on Rally Day when 
promotion to new classes took place. 
Three were baptized on Oct. 15 and 
in the evening the love feast was ob- 
served. The congregation decided to 
observe love feast on World Com- 
munion Sunday, beginning next year. 
Clarence Rosenberger, field man for 
Juniata College, was the speaker on 
Nov. 12. Pat and Donald Maconaghie 
of Ireland, representatives of the Euro- 
pean Evangelistic Crusade, were speak- 
ers at the morning and evening serv- 
ices Dec. 3. Bro. Ralph Schlosser of 
Elizabethtown conducted three serv- 
ices in a study of the book of James 
the first part of December. — Mrs. 
Anna B. Glessner, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Western Pennsylvania 

Asher Glade — We had a vacation 
Bible school in July. Roy W. Umbel 
represented the congregation at dis- 
trict conference at Camp Harmony. 
The pastor, Joseph A. Lewis, attended 
the Bethany extension school at Juni- 
ata College in August. Bro. Donald 
Fornwalt, pastor of the Farmington 
Bethel church, was the evangelist for 
our meetings in August. Five were 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a 1 
service in the interests of assisi 
individuals or famihes to relocate 
secure employment in Brethren C( 
munities. It does not provide for 
advertising of goods or property 
sale or rent. Information on paid 
vertising may be obtained from 
Church of the Brethren General OfBi 






This service is part of the Brotit 
hood program, assigned for adminisi 
tion to the Social Welfare Departm 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject noti 
is reserved. Since no verification 
notices is made no responsibihty can 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it 
necessary that the number be giv 
Write Brethren Placement Servil 
Church of the Brethren General OflBc 
Elgin, III. 

No. 551. Young married couple s< 
employment in Brethren community, 
possible. Experienced in dairy farm: 
but willing to try other work. Hi 
school education. Both have served 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Conta 
Jack Lein, R. 1, Stanley, Wis. Phoi 
Midway 4-2403. 

No. 552. Wanted: The HoUansbx 
community, 14 miles from Greenvi] 
Ohio, is seeking a general pract 
physician. We have two Brethi 
churches in our community. Pie; 
contact: Village Council, Hollansbu 
Ohio. 



baptized. We observed the love fe< 
at Markleysburg on Oct. 1. The woi 
en's circle will begin quilting at t 
regular meetings. The young peoj 
went Christmas caroling. — Edith 
Frazee, Friendsville, Md. 

Southern Pennsylvania 

Upper Conewago — Bro. S. Clyi 
Weaver of East Petersburg, Pa., spo' 
at the home-coming service. Bro. J 
seph M. Baugher brought the mornii 
message at Latimore. Bro. Donald . 
Miller of Shady Grove and Milton '. 
Yohe of Hanover were guest ministe 
at the love feast service. The Bib 
conference was held at the Mumms 
house the first part of November wi 
Brethren D. I. Pepple, Clarence \ 
Horst, Norman W. Patrick and Dona 
E. Miller as the speakers. Kern 
Strite of Hagerstown, Md., broug 
the Thanksgiving day message at S 
East Berlin house. Bro. Lester Marki 
spoke at the Latimore house recent) 
Thirteen have been baptized since o 
last report. Bro. Ralph E. Schildt h 
been elected elder for one year. 
Frances E. Shaffer, East Berlin, Pa. 

Middle Maryland 

Welsh Run — Brethren David L 

high from the Pleasant Hill congreg 

tion and Rufus Bucher of the Whi 

Oak congregation were guest mini 

GOSPEL MESSENGl 



s at the love feast. Brother Bucher 
ciated. On Sunday morning Brother 
high taught the lesson and Brother 
cher delivered the morning message. 
3. Samuel Parmer, a member of the 
ck Creek congregation, brought the 
anksgiving Day message. We took 
an offering of $137 for the Brother- 
»t|od Fund. — John D. Martin, Mer- 
rsburg. Pa. 

Western Maryland 
Oak Park — The district executive 
:retary, Owen Stultz, installed tlie 
w pastor of the Oak Park congrega- 
3[j( n, J. Stanley Earhart. The newly 
iij[, jchased parsonage was dedicated in 
iifjj ;tober. Nine have been baptized and 
1 received by letter recently. Sever- 
new books have been purchased for 
te library and new toys for the nurs- 
y with the money received from the 
cation Bible school. Brother Mar- 
1, chairman of the every member 
._ j nvass, reported a successful campaign. 
iie congregation was host to the West- 
en a Maryland men's banquet. Eleven 
3Jj fTSons attended the sessions of the dis- 
ct conference at the Oak Grove 
urch. The women have collected 
led clothing for relief and they spon- 
red the mother-daughter banquet and 
e school of missions. The youth have 
H ;en giving at several churches the play, 
ad You Never Know, on the theme of 
mily life. They have also been repre- 
nted at the round tables and training 
ssions at the district. The evangelism 
mmittee and the adult class have 
rmulated a prayer chain whereby each 
i luticipating family will be called on 
times of sickness or otlier needs. The 
fering received at the Thanksgiving 
lis iipper was given to Share Our Surplus. 
in Ihe junior choir, under the direction of 
(rs. Elwood Sanders, has been singing 
1 the Sunday morning worship services 
\ice each month. Sam Petre, who has 
een a faithful participant in the serv- 
es of the church, has entered Brethren 
sjolunteer Service. — Mrs. Frank B. 
iser, Oakland, Md. 



Eastern Virginia 



Woodbridge — The new pastor, New- 
|)n Poling, assumed his duties in Sep- 
;mber. The congregation purchased a 
ew parsonage near the church. We 
lelebrated our fifth aimiversary with 
inch and afternoon service at which 
( hilip Norris of College Park, Md., was 
I 16 speaker. We observed the love 
idst on the evening of World Com- 
lunion Sunday. We had a work day 
1 October to paint, clean and complete 
he Sunday school area. For one week 
1 iXovember, Brother Poling had morn- 
ig devotions over WPRW at Manassas, 
'a. The Occoquan Council of Churches 
ponsored a Christmas carol sing for the 
ommunities about us. Other Christmas 
irograms included a youth carol sing, a 
antata by the choir and a special 
Christ's Birthday Party" with a cov- 
;red dish supper, carol sing and gift 
ervice when each child presented a 
!ift to the Christ Child. These were 
hen distributed to needy children in 
he community. — Mrs. Rosalene D. 
Tagliaferre, Springfield, Va. 

Second Virginia 

Pleasant Valley — Bro. Earl Mitchell 
)f Roanoke, Va., was the evangehst for 
)ur meetings. Six were baptized. Bro. 
ANUARy 2U, 1962 



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CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, Illinois 




31 



served the love feast on World Widl 
Communion Sunday. During Septen 
ber and October our pastor presented 
series of eight sermons, Sermons i 
Stained Glass, interpreting the scene 
and symbols in the sanctuary window 
The church ofiBcers and teachers wer 
installed at a morning service. Sine 
our last report we have had the follow 
ing as guest speakers: James Bryan 
Eugene Nolley, Jessse Robertson an> 
Louis Fracher. The women's fellowshi 
circles made children's clothing an 
school bags and filled the bags wit 
school supplies for Latin Americi 
These were presented on World Con: 

Name munity Day. The speaker for this sen 

ice was Merle Crouse, missionary 

R. D. or St Ecuador. During the worship servic 

one Sunday morning, a number 

P.O Zone State babies were dedicated. One Sunda 



MY NEW ADDRESS IS 



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address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 



Wilmer Crummett resigned as pastor to 
accept the position of executive secre- 
tary of the districts of Eastern Mary- 
land and Mardela. He and his family 
had been at Pleasant Valley for three 
years. In the absence of a pastor, Bro. 
W. Donald Clague, the moderator, and 
Wilham G. Willoughby, both from 
Bridgewater, are sharing the pulpit. 
Fourteen juniors and junior highs at- 
tended camp this summer. Three of the 
juniors attended Camp Brethren Woods, 
a new camp that is getting under way. 
Late in November the pastoral board 
sponsored a Christian vocation ban- 
quet for the youth, teachers and ad- 
visers. Miss Kathryn Eye, a Methodist 
missionary for the Congo, was the 
speaker. The youth spent one weekend 
at New Windsor for the purpose of 
learning about Brethren Volunteer 
Service. We have two young people in 
volunteer service; one is in her second 
year in Germany. The Christmas pro- 
gram was given on the morning of Dec. 
24. It consisted of a play. The Most 
Heavenly Hosts, and music by the com- 
bined choirs. We have planned a mid- 
winter church school for the last two 
Sunday nights in January and the first 
two Sunday nights in February. — 
Verma E. Garber, Weyers Cave, Va. 

Summit — Since our last report. Gar- 
old Sanger has been licensed to the 
ministry. Bro. Guy Stump had charge 
of the service and preached on Sunday. 
Bro. Charles Zunkel conducted the re- 
vival Oct. 2 to 7. As a result seven were 
baptized, and three were received by 
letter. Since then three other letters 
have been received. Twelve young 
people attended Camp Bethel and Camp 
Brethren Woods this past summer. 
Five of our youth are at college this 
year. We observed the love feast on 
World Communion Day. We had a 
school of peace for four nights in No- 
vember. The women's fellowship has 
divided into three groups for this year. 
— Sada Craun, Bridgewater, Va. 

Valley Bethel — Four of our women 
attended the district women's fellow- 
ship at the Little River church. Five 
juniors and primary girls attended the 
women's retreat at Brethren Woods in 
September. Bro. Boyd Cupp moderated 
the council meeting in September. We 
had our love feast the second Sunday 
82 



evening in October. Mrs. Cora Bussard 
and Mrs. Arnold Ruckman served as 
delegates to the district meeting. The 
Sunday school has purchased a table 
and chairs for the nursery class in the 
church. The church participated in 
the Crusade for Excellence of Bridge- 
water College. Our Christmas program 
was given on Christmas eve. — Mrs. 
Eutis Bussard, Bolar, Va. 

Waynesboro — The church was repre- 
sented at the following meetings: dis- 
trict leaders conference at the Lebanon 
church, district conference at Mt. 
Vernon church, the women's fellowship 
at Pleasant Valley church, the men s 
fellowship banquet at Stuarts Draft 
church, and the youth workers confer- 
ence at the Elk Run church. We ob- 



evening a church family program fas 
tured an international dinner. The pre 
gram presented an exhibit of Self-Hel 
parcels from Church World Servict 
The community Thanksgiving servic 
was held in our church. — Mrs. G. U 
Terry, Waynesboro, Va. 

Southern Virginia 

Coulson — Bro. Donald Clay, the pa; 
tor, preached the rededication servic i 
in September. He also conducted j 
two week revival recently. Tweh'i 
were baptized. Brother Rufus McDan 
nel visited our church during the mee! 
ing and had charge of the services on 
night. In the fall nineteen were bar 
tized and two received by letter, j 
study of the Church of the Brethren i 
being carried on by one of the Sunda 
school classes for anyone interested 
and especially for new members. Th 
pastor is the leader for this study. - 
Mrs. Wanda Marshall, Hillsville, Va. 




KARL EARTH 

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Deliverance to the Captives 



CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. Illinois 



GOSPEL MESSENGEB 



fiospel 



m%Wii 



JANUARY 27, 1962 




The 

Cathedral 

Sculpture by Rodin 



Three Lions 



Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdom Come" 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE 



to the editorl 



The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and i 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
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eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
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authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
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MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service. 
Ecumenical Press Service 

JANUARY 27, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 4 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Religion Made News in 1961 3 

How Do You Witness for Peace? 3 

The General Forum — 

Amos: An Angry Young Man. 

C. Wayne Zunkel 4 

Therefore Choose Life. Roy A. Burkhart 7 
Olden Values (verse). 

Eva N. Ehrman 10 

Only in the Rain (verse). 

Ernestine Hoff Emrick 10 

Youth Counseling and the Local 

Church. Elmer I. Brumbaugh 12 

Trafalgar Rehearsal. Dale Aukerman 14 
The Year in Religion. 

Religious Ne'ws Service 18 

Reviews of Recent Books 21 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

NeviTS and Comment From Around the 
World 22 



Our Contributors 

The article about Amos, by C. Wayne 
Zunkel, the pastor of the Harrisburg 
church, Eastern Pennsylvania, is the first 
of a series of three on prophets. The 
other two deal with Hosea and Micah. 

Roy A. Burkhart is the pastor emeri- 
tus of First Community church, Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

Elmer I. Brumbaugh is a youth coun- 
selor with the Protestant Youth Coun- 
seling Services, sponsored by the Akron 
Area United Church Women, Akron, 
Ohio. 

Dale Aukerman is the secretary of 
the Puidoux Continuation Committee, a 
committee of European churchmen and 
historic peace church representatives. 
2 



Is Christ Left Out? 

About two thousand years ago a 
child was bom in the little town of 
Bethlehem of Judea. The night was 
quiet with a holy quietness, because 
this child was the Christ. Only the 
moving about of the cattle could be 
heard through the quietness. Out on 
the hillside were the shepherds 
watching their flock by night. This 
is the story of Christmas. 

Has this story been forgotten? 
Has this quietness of that Holy 
Night passed into oblivion? The 
noise and excitement of commerce 
seems to take away the sacredness 
of the whole season. 

This year some httle children were 
not permitted to sing the beautiful 
Silent Night. Instead, fireworks 
were shot oS to usher in the Christ 
child's season. Fireworks remind us 
of war, hate, destruction, and unrest. 
Did it mean that Christ is taken out 
of Christmas? Why couldn't the 
children sing of his birth instead of 
watching fireworks? 

Why can't we lay aside firearms 
and enjoy the abundant life with 
our fellowmen and not only permit 
the children to sing, but sing with 
them the song that the angels sang, 
"Glory to God in the highest, and 
on earth, peace and good will to 
men." He is the Prince of Peace. 
- Irene Bogue, 1007 N. Hickory St., 
Champaign, 111. 

Not Solely an Idea 

I do not question the good inten- 
tions of John C. MiddlekauflF in writ- 
ing "Karl Marx or Jesus Christ," but 
I believe that he, along with many 
other Brethren, seem to be seriously 
misled on one matter. It seems to be 
almost a basic Brethren tenet that 
"communism is an idea, and you do 
not kill ideas with bullets." I do 
not believe it is nor has been our 
puipose to "kill" the idea of commu- 
munism or any other ism, for that 
matter. It is part of the American 
proposition that each man is entitled 
to his own ideas, no matter how 
wrong or evil others may consider 
them. That is why the Communist 
Party of America has the right to 
function like other political parties. 
How can Mr. MiddlekauflF imply that 
we are trying to "kill" the idea of 
communism in view of this fact? 

The great mistake he made in the 
article I believe, was in picturing 
communism solely as an idea. One 



look at Hungary, at Laos, at Viet- 
nam, or at any other spot where com- \ 
munism is taking control or has done 
so, should be enough to convince 
him that communism is much more 
than an idea; it is more often than; 
not established and perpetuated byi 
military force. If we wish to combat 
communism, then we must not over- 
look its military aspect. No one' 
would claim that Nazism is "dead,"' 
but without an army we do not con- 
sider it dangerous enough to hinder 
George Lincoln Rockwell and his 
American Nazi Party. 

Mr. MiddlekauflF would probably 
reply that as Christians we cannot 
fight communism by military force. 
This may be true, but it does not 
change the fact that communism 
cannot even be understood, much 
less defeated in the world, if it is 
considered as a purely intellectual 
phenomenon. — Gary Porter, Box 
314, Manchester College, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

How Much Our Neglect? 

Recently the Gospel Messenga 
carried a notice of the forthcoming 
Conference of Brethren Homes and 
Social Welfare, stating that this was 
the fourth such conference being 
held. The word that bothered me 
most in the announcement was 
fourth. Why just the fourth when 
our church is over two hundred fifty 
years old? 

As an admitting oflBcer in a Balti- 
more, Md., hospital I run into prob- 
lems that most people close their 
eyes to, or situations so fantastic that 
the general run of people in com- 
fortable circumstances cannot be- 
lieve them to be true. 

How much our neglect — when 
every day I admit patients to oui 
hospital with a family history of five 
children, more or less, but never just 
one child, all with diflEerent fathers, 
and the mother never married to any 
of the men she has had children 
by. Fantastic, you say? But thej 
state encourages it. This mother re- 
ceives extra dividends for each addi- 
tional child, and a lump sum of 
welfare money each month besides 
for household bills, rent, food, etc. 
I could never set on paper the non- 
chalant attitude of the mother when 
confronting her with questions about 
family history, etc. It is an attitude 
of "So what? Every one does it, I 
deserve the money as much as any 
Continued on page 25 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



ielision Made News in 1961 



EDITORIALS 



rHE year 1961 was a year in which rehgion 
made news. If you question that assertion 
ake a look at the summary provided by Re- 
gions News Service (see page 18). 

It was a year in which rehgious news stories 
ften made the first page. It was a year for 
ontroversial questions involving matters of 
aith. Congress could not ignore religious as- 
pects of political issues. And national govem- 
lents, waging cold wars or preparing for hot 
nes, frequently had to reckon with the Chris- 
ian church, sometimes as an ally, sometimes as 
critic, sometimes as a stubborn force that 
»^ould not yield to totalitarian pressures. 

At the end of December some editors se- 
3cted the "top ten" religious stories of the year, 
lergers completed and mergers projected, 
dialogues" between Catholics and Protestants, 
r Christians and Jews, progress in brother- 
ood, and new pressures on Christians behind 
tie iron curtain — these were some of the 
lost prominent developments. But still one 
/onders, after all the statistics have been 
ounted, after all the conferences are over, are 
hese the most important evidences of religion as 
vital force in the world? 



Take the matter of statistical membership. 
Sixty-three out of every one hundred Americans 
are church members. But one is inclined to say, 
"So what?" Who would even dare to guess how 
many of the sixty-three practice their faith? 
Church attendance can be measured. Giving to 
local church finances can be recorded, but who 
knows the intensity of individual faith, the 
vitahty of personal devotion, the sincerity of 
prayer, the reality of a man's dependence upon 
God's grace? In this respect it often seems that 
the most significant tides in the affairs of men, 
the deepest spiritual currents are the most dif- 
ficult to measure. 

The year in religion? Only God knows 
whether the leading news stories tell more than 
the surface facts about it. Surely it is obvious 
that the Christian faith continues to be relevant 
to most of the issues that confront us. But it is 
also obvious that the organized activities of 
Christians do not always represent the spiritual 
realities that matter most. The best news story 
of all is the fact that God who was once in 
Christ, reconciling the world to himself, is still 
at work both in the church and in the world 
that he seeks to save. — k.m. 



I 



ilow Do You Witness for Peace? 



[' 



N THIS issue Dale Aukerman contributes an 
on-the-spot report of a mass rally held last 
eptember in London's Trafalgar Square. The 
icident he describes is but one in a series of 
ctions taken by concerned Britishers who are 
ipposed to the manufacturing, the storing and 
he testing of nuclear weapons. 

«The newspaper accounts we read in this 
ountry tend to regard such demonstrations as 
he crackpot behavior of beatniks and other 
lublicity seekers. But the movement for nuclear 
[isarmament is far more mature in its leader- 
hip and far more widespread in its influence 
han we have been led to believe. 

Dale Aukerman ends his report with a ques- 
tion. He knows that most of our readers are in 
iO mood to join a public demonstration. We 
ind it easy to criticize those who do participate. 
Jut the disturbing question remains : what then 
ire we doing that is better? What action are 
ve taking as the world speeds on toward a 
irobable catastrophe? 

This reminds us of the stand taken several 
Qonths ago by a Brethren minister who refuses 
pay taxes to be used for war purposes. Several 

ANUARY 27, 1962 



of our readers were quick to disagree with him, 
but hardly any one came forth with a more 
constructive way of witnessing against the use 
of tax money for destruction. 

In November about 50,000 women in 59 
cities took part in a grass roots movement called 
a "strike for peace." A number of Brethren 
women were involved. Again there were efforts 
to dismiss this spontaneous witness as the work 
of misguided idealists, but several government 
leaders took it seriously and listened to the 
women. This still may not appeal to our readers 
as the most constructive response to the current 
crisis, but again we must ask, "What are you 
doing that is better?" 

More recently groups of college students 
have journeyed to Washington to picket before 
the White House and othei^wise to display this 
concern for peace and disarmament. Two Men- 
nonite colleges were represented among the 
picketers. 

You say you do not like the idea of tax re- 
fusal, mass demonstrations, or such public pro- 
tests against the drift toward annihilation? 
Then show us a better way to witness. — k.m. 




Joseph Binder 



TF A minister stands in the midst of his people 
-*- today and speaks out against corrupt or 
self-seeking politicians, against immoral eco- 
nomic practices, or against the sins of his nation, 
people begin to grumble and say, "This isn't the 
point of a church. This message is 'social,' not 
religious. Why doesn't the man stick to the 
Bible?" 

Yet one of the earliest books of the Bible 
was written in the first place because a layman 
was angry about issues of "social" concern. 

That man was Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa, 
who supplemented his income by tending syca- 



more trees. He was evidently a poor man, with 
out social importance, who eked out a precariou; 
living among the limestone hills southeast o: 
Jerusalem. 

The sheep he tended were a peculiar breecj 
whose wool was of the finest quality. The house 
wives of the region of Tekoa enjoyed a wid( 
reputation for their homespun because of th( 
superior wool they used. But the shepherd.'i 
themselves were the butt of much ridicule be: 
cause of the bizarre appearance of the sheep 
which were almost naked of wool about the 
head and face. 

GOSPEL MESSENGES 



^^ 



■^^Jf- 



,.y/. 



Ajv. 



Since sheepherding did not provide suflBcient 
Qcome, Amos was forced to supplement his 
amings by tending the semiwild sycamore trees 
irhich grew in the lowlands east of Tekoa. The 
rees bore figs, and these figs were the insipid 
ruit eaten by the very poor. They became fit 
or eating only after they had been bruised dur- 
g the ripening process. It was necessary for 
he tender to climb the trees during the ripening 
eason and pinch them so that they might be- 
:ome a sticky sweet mass, suitable for eating. 

These two occupations — sheepherding and 
ending sycamore trees — give an indication of 
\iaos lowly station in hfe. The fact that his 
ather's name is not mentioned indicates that 
mos did not belong to one of the landed 
amilies. 

The Book of Amos is not long — just nine 
hort pages in our Bible. It does not take long 
o read. You can read it in an afternoon if you 
ut give it time equal to that which you give 
o the Sunday paper. 

And it is an interesting book. It has a certain 
ustic strength. As you come upon Amos' harsh 
lescriptive phrases, it is easy to see where he 
;ot his imagery. In his hfe in the out-of-doors 
s a shepherd, he had heard the roar of the lion 
Flis it leaps upon its prey. He had looked upon 
I 'he mangled remains of a poor animal that a 
vild beast had destroyed. He was familiar with 
he sterner aspects of life. And his life of ad- 
I'enture is reflected in all he writes, making it 
Graphic and strong. 

The Israel to which he spoke was a pros- 
perous nation. Under Jeroboam II, this was 
heir third and last great period of freedom from 
oreign domination and their last great period 
jf prosperity. Every great trade route between 
\sia and Africa stretched down across Palestine, 
rhey were in a position to collect taxes from 
-he entire East. The nation had passed from an 
igricultural to a commercial life. 

Cities had begun to grow up. Hebrew 
farmers began to leave their farms, and they 
drifted into the cities — some out of choice and 
jsome driven by necessity. For the first time 
■here appeared a mass of people without land 
to raise their own food who had become de- 
lOendent upon their day's labor for subsistence. 
There was overcrowding in the cities. There 
jwere periods of unemployment. Workers were 
jsometimes exploited. There was a strange lack 
of concern for the poor. 

Because of a long period of wars and be- 
cause of high taxation, the small proprietors 
were dispossessed. Outwardly there was wealth. 
But beneath the surface there was grumbling 

JANUARY 27, 1962 



and real financial hardship. The rich grew rich- 
er but the little man grew poorer. For the first 
time in their history, some could talk of summer 
houses and winter houses. And for the first time 
in their history there was an entire class of 
people known as the defenseless poor. Because 
of past wars, and as a result of the actions of 
those in positions of power, there began to be 
a vast difference in standards of living. 

Amos begins in chapters 1 and 2 by making 
a circle of the nations around Israel, invoking 
God's condemnation upon their sins. Damascus, 
Gaza, Tyre, Edom, the Ammonites, Moab and 
Judah. He really lays them low. 

He presents a kind of "anatomy of war." 
He catalogues the horrors caused by the devas- 
tation of the land, the deportation of whole 
towns into slavery, the violation of treaties, the 
ravaging of women, the mutilation of the dead. 

He is talking about the kind of world some 
of us know something about — war with all its 
modern devices has changed little in its per- 
sonal aspects. 

Amos lived too long ago to write of nuclear 
warheads or balhstic missiles. But he knew the 
depths to which men could sink. 




Vittono Bianchini 



Three Lions 



'Even though you offer me your burnt offerings . . 

I will not accept them, 
and the peace offerings of your fatted beasts 

I will not look upon. 
But let justice roll down hke waters, 

and righteousness like an everflowing stream.' '' 



". . . because they carried into exile a 
whole people . . . 
because he pursued his brother with 
the sword, 
and cast off all pity, . . . 
because they have ripped up women 
with child in Gilead, 
that they might enlarge their 
border. . . . 
because they have rejected the law 
of the Lord, 
and have not kept his statutes," 
because of these things they shall be punished! 
So far so good. Amos is talldng about those 
who live around them, neighboring countries. 
How our newspapers, how our preachers love to 
do this. A news commentator from time to time 
will break away from his prepared script to 
lecture Khrushchev on morality. The sins of 
Russia, the sins of China, the sins of Cuba, the 
sins of our own South! But rare indeed is the 
preacher, and almost nonexistent is the news- 
caster who dares to put his linger on major sins 
of his own country or his own community. We 
are very bold when we confess the sins of others. 
But when it comes close home, when it comes 
to confessing our own sins, one almost gets the 
feeling we have no serious sins. 

Amos begins where we all tend to begin, 
with the obvious sins of others. But Amos does 
not stop there. The harsh words he has for 
others are but a prelude to what he wants to 
say to his own people. He completes the circle 
of the nations round about. And his audience 
no doubt was saying, "What a good preacher. 
What a courageous preacher! He's really giving 
it to them." Folks want a preacher to preach 
boldly against sin — so long as it is someone 
else's sin. 

Amos talks about the sins of others the way 
people want. But without losing a stride, Amos 
goes right on: 

"Thus says the Lord: 
'For three transgressions of Israel, 

and for four, I will not revoke the pun- 
ishment; 
because they sell the righteous for silver, 

and the needy for a pair of shoes.' " 
His harsh words are mingled always with 
love and anguish. He recalls God's love for 
Israel, how God had brought them up out of 
Egypt and led them through the wilderness; 
how he had raised up prophets in their midst and 
had led some of their young men to deeper dedi- 
cation as Nazirites and to frugal, devout lives. 
"But you made the Nazirites drink 
wine, 



and commanded the prophets, 
saying, 'You shall not prophesy.' " 
You shut out the harsh message of God. And 
therefore you will be punished. 

They are a chosen people, he is telling them 
But they are not chosen in the sense that the 
think. God never intended them to act a 
"spoiled children." They are chosen in thi 
sense that God has special work for theni; 
They were called to special sacrifice and special 
service, not to special privilege. "Because 
love you I expect so much from you," he wa 
saying. 

Some of us are hke the Hebrews. We tall 
of our privileged position in the world as if i 
were ours because God loves us more than h' 
loves others of his children. If Amos were t 
move in our midst, he would surely say to u 
what he said to them: God's love does rest oi 
you. And God does choose you. But he doe 
not call you out to a life of ease and comfor 
while others are poor, naked, cold, hungry, an( 
ignorant. God calls men to service, to justice 
to concern for those who have not. 

Like us, the Israelites were a rehgious people 
God was very popular with them. They at 
tributed their prosperity to God's blessing upoi: 
them, and they sought to make God a particii 
pant in their prosperity. Religion was very popuj 
lar in their day as it is in ours. 

But Amos was sickened by their easy re 
ligion. 

"I hate, I despise your feasts, 

and I take no delight in your solemn 
assemblies. 
Even though you offer me your burnt 
offerings and cereal offerings, 
I will not accept them, 
and the peace offerings of your fatted beasts 

I will not look upon. 
Take away from me the noise of 
your songs; 
to the melody of your harps I will not 
listen. 
But let justice roll down like waters, 
and righteousness hke an ever- 
flowing stream." 
I hke Amos. Every time I read his book 
find new meaning. I like his sense of worship 
There are paragraphs in this little book whicl 
lift up his wonder and reverence toward God 
I like his picturesque speech. He is angr)' 
But he is artistic and a skilled user of word 
even in his anger. Instead of calling mei 
drunken fools, he teases them for not beinj 
willing to drink their liquors from glasses likt 



Continued on page 10 



GOSPEL MESSENGEl 



Therefore 

Choose 

Life 



Ve are willing to die for freedom; 
how can we help heat 
swords into plowshares? 



by Roy A. Burkhart 



fj A MERICANS are no longer apathetic. They 
^^ are aroused. They know that we as no other 
lation stand in the way of the movement to bring 
11 men under the power of world communism. 
Vherever I go people are eager to act. Many 
eel that we are in a crisis which is too complex 
or persons to handle. 

Man today stands at the gateway to a world 
)f which men have dreamed for centuries. He 
las within his grasp resources to solve most of 
he problems that face mankind, even food. 

ANUARY 27, 1962 




Moissaye Marans 



Authenticated News 



Yet never has he faced such 
peril. 

It is amazing that with the 
world moving toward nuclear 
suicide the church, the syna- 
gogue, the school, and the press 
are so silent about what can be 
done to stop this sheer madness. 

One wonders whether the 
death wish, often so dominant 
in the deep self, is not now in 
the heart of the human condi- 
tion. Are men today, as Norman 
Cousins said in a recent edi- 
torial, so fascinated with the 
face of death that they have 
lost their power to choose life 
and meet the requirements for 
its fulfillment in a world under 
law? Either we are in a crisis 
we do not know how to negoti- 
ate or we are caught in a mo- 
mentum toward war we cannot 
change. 

The memory of Christmas is 
still in our hearts. Is this not 
a good time to give up the face 
of death and see the face of 
Him whose birthday created a 
calendar that even the Russians 
recognize in the world of time 
and at whose birth heaven sang 
out: "Peace on earth among 
men of good will"? 

There is more we can do. 
What is it? 

Individual action is good. 
There are many persons who 
act alone, but there is more 
power in a group fellowship. 
Few of us got our education 
by correspondence courses; we 
went to college or the univer- 
sity. Why? We learn best in 
fellowship; we act most effec- 
tively as members of a group 
in which we get the benefit of 
the pooling of views and the 
gathering of information. We 
carry on better with the power 
of a group. 

We need positive groups, not 
to fight the negative ones, but 
to support leaders who are de- 
voted to the objectives that are 
part of the requirements for a 
free world and to turn the tide 



from war to peace. What could 
such a group do? 

First, there is still time. War 
has not begun. Freedom, how- 
ever limited, still exists. Let us 
rise up; let us meet and formu- 
late a plan of world order under 
law as President Kennedy out- 
hned to the United Nations. We 
could make an impact that 
would turn the tide from war to 
peace. Our President said, 
"Mankind must put an end to 
war, or war will put an end to 
mankind." 

In the President's address at 
Chapel Hill he picked up the 
challenge of the rightists and 
the military men when he 
warned against the illusion of 
"total victory and total defeat" 
and the desperate illusion of 
dead or red. At Chapel HiU, he 
said further, "While we do not 
intend to see the world give up, 
we shall do everything to keep 
the world from being blown 
up. 

We need, if we are to survive, 
a ground swell of public opin- 
ion that develops into a dy- 
namic movement for peace and 
a United Nations with a respon- 
sible authority of world law. 
President Truman stated this, 



! 



but he said it was an advanced 
idea that was ahead of our time; 
that public opinion had to be 
educated to it. President Eisen- 
hower in his book, Crusade in 
Europe, referred to the idea of 
a world organization for world 
law as the inspiration for our 
generation. When he was asked 
later what he intended to do he 
said, "The President can go 
only so far, for in questions like 
these the people must be ready 
for the great decisions." 

After President Kennedy 
made his great appeal to the 
United Nations, he later said 
that he could not take any 
strong initiative in this direc- 
tion luiless there were clear in- 
dications that the people are 
ready. 

Why are free men so silent? 
Do they want even the greater 
silence: the physical death of 
the people on this planet? Let 
us face it; man is irreplaceable. 

So let us talk peace. Let us 
pray for peace and become a 
part of the answer. Let us meet 
and formulate plans. Let us 
talk with others. Let us express 
ourselves to those who repre- 
sent us. 

Second, let us urge patient 




Religious News Service 

Church World Service cooperates in the relief and rehabilitation program for ■ 
3,000,000 Hindu refugees from Moslem East Pakistan. Many of the refugees 
live in more than 560 colonies around Calcutta under conditions shown here 

GOSPEL MESSENGER I 



egotiations such as that which 
rought a good solution in 
le United Nations Secretariat. 
)espite the deteriorations in 
oviet-American relations, quiet 
egotiations between the two 
lowers are fruitful. The Rus- 
ians withdrew from their 
roika proposal while we agreed 
arrangements which made its 
perations more acceptable for 
hem. 

The fact which is not general- 
y known is that for some years 
he top Russian representative 
n the Secretariat has been 
reated as an outsider and 
)arred from its inner councils. 
/Vhen U Thant told the general 



i 




Religious News Service 
Sharing our methods of produc- 
ing food with people on the vil- 
lage level where hunger is ever 
present will help to eliminate famine 
JANUARY 27, 1962 



assembly, November 3, that he 
would appoint a number of ad- 
visers, among whom would be 
Ralph Bunche and George Pet- 
rovich, he was telling the Rus- 
sians there would be a change. 

We need to tell this story of 
a victory for peace that never 
got enough publicity. We must 
tell it; we must get it printed. 
Let us write the President and 
other leaders, expressing grati- 
tude for it and urging more 
patient negotiations in other 
matters, including Berlin. We 
need to support our President 
here. 

Third, the feeling that nuclear 
war is inevitable and that we 
must go underground is almost 
universal in America but not so 
in other nations. Those who 
wish to build shelters can, but 
we need to face the fact that 
shelters cannot give complete 
protection. If we finally end in 
war, the citizens will be the 
target. No ventilating system 
has been devised to guard 
against fallout and all the germ- 
laden gases which are now in 
the arsenals of the major powers 
and primed for instant use. 

There is no adequate protec- 
tion. Even if there were, those 
who emerge will see the crust of 
the earth burned; everything 
that stands will be seared. There 
will be no communications, no 
hospitals, no institutions to at- 
tend to the needs of society. 
That is what nuclear war is. 

We need to help people get 
the facts in order that they may 
work with new imagination and 
powerful motivations for peace. 

Fourth, we can share our 
know-how with people at the 
village level. Food is still the 
major problem facing our world. 
Each night one half of the 
world's people go to bed hun- 
gry. Food is the greatest 
weapon in the cold war. Who 
understands this better than 
the Communists? Nobody. 

Several years ago, some stu- 



dents from India were talking 
with me. They said this : "When 
Communists come into an area 
to organize for their cause, we 
Hindus and Christians try to 
drive them out. They protest, 
asking us, 'Why are you against 
us?' We declare, 'You don't be- 
lieve in God.' They look sur- 
prised and say, 'You are wrong. 
We are God.' " These students 
then said to me, "How would 
you answer that?" 

Is it not interesting that 
Khrushchev's promises and 
boastings when he talks of 
abundant food that the Soviets 
will produce is in the future, al- 
ways in the future? 

But our problem unlike Rus- 
sia's and Red China's is not 
scarcity but overabundance. 
Our food surpluses have be- 
come unmanageable. We need 
to remember that there are hun- 
ger and famine in every area 
wherever we are in conflict with 
the Communists — throughout 
Asia, Africa, and South Ameri- 
ca. The miracle of our methods 
to produce food adapted to 
local situations would bring a 
worldwide revolution and with 
it would come other gains in 
terms of a growing world mar- 
ket that would in the end bless 



us. 



There are mighty channels 
through which we can work as 
the technical assistants of the 
United Nations: through Care, 
that not only gives things but 
that shares know-how; through 
World Neighbors, Inc., or- 
ganized in 1952, with ofiices 
in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 
which helps people in food, 
health, cottage industries, and 
literacy; through Agricultural 
Missions, 475 Riverside Drive, 
New York City, which operates 
all over the world in help- 
ing people help themselves; 
through Agricultural Aids, Los 
Angeles, California, which is at 
present working mostly in Afri- 
ca. In addition to these or- 




Religious News Service 

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, setting forth basic rights 
and freedoms which all peoples are entitled to enjoy is a beacon 
of hope to millions who are still denied true liberty and equality 



ganizations most church groups 
have their own programs of 
self-help. 

We can hold meetings where 
people may be informed; we 
can get stories in our local 
papers, and establish interviews 
over radio and television. When 
I was helping in the organiza- 
tion of World Neighbors, I 
spent a half hour with General 
Eisenhower, who was then 
President. After talking it over, 
he said what I shall never for- 
get: "If you can get Americans 
to respond in strong enough 
terms, you can stop communism 
in its trail and prevent war." 
What would that be worth? 

It comes down to what you 
will do. If there is to be a 
group, someone must take the 
lead. It may have to be you. 
If you are not the one to do it, 

10 



you 
can 
say, 
you 



can get the person who 
do it. My father used to 
"You can do anything if 
do not care who gets the 



credit 

The Bible says, "I have set 
before you life and death, . . . 
therefore choose life." It is 
sound advice. I have faith the 
tide can be turned from war to 
peace. Faith is not wishful 
thinking; it is reason grown 
courageous. 



Olden Values I 

BY EVA N. EHRMAN | 

Great-grandma walked the mile: 

to school 
And crossed the creek on fallei 

tree; 
She had desire to learn, to teach 
And visioned better days to see 

School buses come for youth to 

day 
And footlogs have become < 

lore — 
Desires for knowledge paved < 

way 
That we should value more anc 

more. 

Amos: An Angry Man 

Continued from page 6 

ordinary men but needing bowl 
to contain their wine. The) 
lie on their couches, anointing 
themselves with oil, but are not 
grieved over the decline of theii 
country. 

But most of all I am thrillec 
whenever I see a person whcj 
gets bitten by a bug which ini' 
pels him to preach. 

Jesus ofttimes felt his gospe 
was far more important thai; 
eating or sleeping. He got sc 
wrapped up in the work he wasj 
doing he simply forgot to eat 
When his friends scolded, toldj 
him he would surely ruin hij| 
health, he said, "My meat is tc 
do the will of God." 

This is the kind of man Amosj 
was. Overwhelmed by the im-| 
portance of what he had to sayJ 
Amos cried out, "The Lord! 
God has spoken; who can but| 
prophesy?" The world movesj 
forward only as there are suchi 
men and women whose lives arel 
gripped by a sense of purpose. 



ONLY IN THE RAIN 

by ERNESTINE HOFF EMRICK 

It's raining? Never mind! If you are wise. 

Let drops be in the air and not the eyes. 

Hope does not gleam when nothing's to complain, 

And rainbows glisten only in the rain. 



GOSPEL MESSENGER 



All Creatures of Our God and King 



by Kenneth I. Morse 



I 

■TP^HE stray dogs that roam the 
X streets of Itahan cities can testi- 
/ that every dog has his day. There 
one day each year that they are 
ife from the dog catcher. It is the 
3ast day in honor of St. Francis of 
.ssisi, who was the friend of all ani- 
lals, as well as a devout and lovable 
hristian. 

It will not surprise you, therefore, 
) leam that one of your favorite 
ymns, the one beginning "All Crea- 
ares of our God and King," is based 
pon a song by St. Francis. 
' Who was this amazing man who 
/as always pictured in the company 
f birds and animals? As a young 
lan growing up in Assisi, a town in 
taly, in the thirteenth century, he 
/as the leader of a gang of teen-agers 
Vho frequently got into trouble. But 
Vhen he was about twenty years old, 
16 began to think more seriously 
bout his life and how he could 
erve God. 

A number of events made a great 
mpression upon Francis. He went to 
var and was taken prisoner. He be- 
ame ill and almost died. For the 
:irst time he was concerned about 
j)overty and disease, and he remem- 
:)ered how Jesus was kind to beggars 
md lepers. Then one day in the 
'ittle chapel of St. Damian near his 
lome, it seemed to him that Jesus 
ipoke to him, asking him to build 
jiis church. He soon discovered that 
I lis call included the rebuilding and 
•estoring of not just one chapel but 
')f the spiritual life of Christians 
everywhere. 

Just as vigorously as Francis had 
)nce sought pleasure, now he sought 
:o live completely as he believed 
fesus Christ would live. His father 
! disinherited him, but he was not 
j discouraged. Instead, he deliberate- 
jly gave up all his claim to money and 
(Property, deciding to live as a hermit 
:and to make his home with lepers 
I and beggars. 
JANUARY 27, 1962 



First in a series of hymn studies to appear once a 
rently in the Gospel Messenger and the Leader. See 
February Leader for suggestions for musicians and 



Many of the stories that grew up 
about Francis reveal his great love 
for all created things. Not only birds 
and the small creatures of the forest, 
but even such dangerous animals as 
wolves were regarded with respect. 
Francis could live among them with- 
out fear and with the same kind of 
love he felt for all persons, even for 
those who so often opposed his work. 
And indeed there was opposition. 

But for a period of about fourteen 
years the movement that Francis 
started continued to grow. It spread 
because his followers were interested 
in helping the common people live a 
more Christian life. 

Few Christians have lived as in- 
tensely and yet as happily as did 
Francis. Just before he died at the 
age of forty-five, he went to the 
cloister of the church at St. Damian, 
knowing that he was already blind 
and had not long to live. There in 
the company of his good friend Clara 
who had started an order for women 
similar to his, he composed the lovely 
song of praise which has been called 
the Canticle to the Sun. 

This is the song from which our 
familiar hymn is adapted. About 
fifty years ago William H. Draper 
took the words of St. Francis and 
arranged them for a hymn to be sung 
as part of a children's festival in the 
church. In doing so he omitted 
many of Francis' references to nature 
in personal terms — he often spoke of 
"our brother the sun" and "our sister 
the moon," even of "our brother fire." 
Instead, the English pastor put the 
thoughts of Francis into the kind of 
poetry that sings well with a stirring 
tune. In this way a canticle from 
the Middle Ages became a hymn 
that children and adults love to sing 
today. 

It may have been true that even 
Francis of Assisi was borrowing 
when he composed his canticle. If 
you read Psalms 148 you cannot help 



month concur- 

page 25 of the 

worship leaders 

but observe how the ancient psalmist 
also called upon all created things — 
sun, moon and stars, fire and hail 
and wind, mountains and hills, beasts 
and birds, as well as men — to join 
in praising the name of the Lord. 

To take just one example of how a 
common theme runs through cen- 
turies of praise, consider these lines 
from Psalms 148. The psalmist said, 
"Praise him, sun and moon, praise 
him all you shining stars." In the 
words of St. Francis, "Praised be my 
Lord God with all his creatures, and 
specially our brother the sun, who 
brings us the day and who brings us 
the light . . . Praised be my Lord for 
our sister the moon and for the stars, 
which he has set clear and lovely in 
the heaven." 

As translated in The Brethren 
Hymnal the same elements in nature 
are described as "Thou silver moon 
with softer gleam." Whether you 
read the Hebrew psalm, listen to St. 
Francis' canticle, or sing the modem 
hymn, you find appropriate words for 
praising God and for singing your 
own alleluias. 

The hymn is usually sung in uni- 
son to a tune that comes from a 
German Easter hymn and first ap- 
peared in a songbook published more 
than three hundred years ago. 
Though the modem words and the 
melody from Germany would have 
seemed strange to St. Francis, it is 
his personality — and especially his 
feeling of affection for each one of 
God's creatures — that we think of 
when we sing. Because Francis of 
Assisi believed that we have one 
Father, who is the creator of this vast 
universe in which we live, he helps 
us realize our kinship with the sun 
and moon, with stars and oceans, 
with flowers and birds — all of whom 
are "creatures of our God and King." 

Reprinted from Twelve-Fifteen, by per- 
mission of the Methodist Publishing 
House. Copyright 1961. All rights reserved 

11 



Youth Counseling 

and the 
Local Church 



by Elmer L Brumbaugh 



TN MORE than thirty years 
-*■ of interviewing and counsel- 
ing juvenile deHnquents I have 
become aware of some of their 
problems and needs. I am im- 
pressed with the moral and 
spiritual poverty of most youth 
found in conflict with the laws 
and mores of society. It is most 
difficult to give counseling to 
these who have so little capaci- 
ty to receive it. Most have little 
regret for their misconduct and 
often see very little wrong in 
what they have done. They 
only regret being caught or 
found out. Some even seem 
honestly to feel that the sin is 
being caught rather than in 
wrongdoing. 

One can understand this feel- 
ing when he looks closely at 
adult attitudes and behavior. 
Children take their pattern 
from adults. Very frequently 
what we teach in word is not 
practiced in life. Convenience 

12 



and compromise take precedent 
over principle and truth. 

Here is an example: Jack 
was arrested for driving away 
from a service station without 
paying for the service received. 
His father was very upset and 
chagrined to think that his son, 
who had been in trouble before, 
would again embarrass his par- 
ents in this way. 

Jack's father begged for the 
release of his son from the de- 
tention home so that he could 
report to work the next day, 
"because," said the father, "I 
reported him oflF sick this morn- 
ing and if his employer learns 
that he is not eighteen years of 
age he will lose his job." The 
father thought it right to mis- 
represent the boy's age and to 
lie about his reason for absence 
from work, but it was wrong 
for the boy to cheat at the serv- 
ice station. 

The example just cited is all 



too typical. Children find it 
difficult to see the fine line be- 
tween right and wrong. The 
parents of this boy are active 
in their church and respected 
in their community. By far the 
greater number of delinquents 
come from unchurched famifies 
or where church experience has 
not been meaningful. 

However, the church has op- 
portunities and responsibihties. 
Youth need guides, standards, 
and strengths. The church rep- 
resents these needs and young 
people, as weU as adults, should 
find this source of help in the 
church. As was emphasized at 
the National Conference on 
Churches and Social Work in 
Cleveland recently, the message 
of the church must be clear and 
forceful. Where else can we 
hear the truth that makes men 
free and see right and wrong 
clearly defined? 

Youth need the guidance and 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



counsel of the church. The 
church must devise ways and 
means to make counsehng 
available and acceptable. Young 
people in trouble have ex- 
pressed unwillingness to seek 
advice and counsel from par- 
ents and pastors. They are un- 
willing to seek help because 
they feel that they are not un- 
derstood. They also fear the 
reactions, either expressed or re- 
pressed. They are embarrassed 
to speak of their problems with 
those whom they know disap- 
prove of their conduct. 

Counseling should come out 
of natural settings. The pastor 
who spends much time with his 
young people in youth meet- 
ings, in social gatherings, and 
in church services gains a great 
advantage. If he has taken per- 
sonal interest in young people 
and has demonstrated that he 
understands their needs and 
problems, the youth will find it 
easy to seek his counsel. Most 
pastors do not have the time 
they need to spend with young 
people. Here is where a min- 
ister to youth or a devoted lay 
couple with special interest and 
qualifications can make a dis- 
tinct contribution. 

Group counseling can be of 
immeasurable help to young 
people and can make it easy to 
seek personal and individual 
help. It is amazing how frank 
youth will be in the proper 
setting with their peers and an 
understanding adult leader who 
is able to win their confidence. 
A young person fears to reveal 
his ignorance in finding out 
about life. However, when the 
atmosphere is conducive and 
he knows he will not be mis- 
understood, he will express him- 
self. 

Parents are the natural coun- 
selors of their children. A boy 
should feel free to seek the ad- 
vice and counsel of his father. 
However, this is frequently not 
the case. Over the years a bar- 

14 



Trafalgar Rehearsal 



by Dale Aukerman 



THE bells of St. Martin's in the 
Fields haltingly pealed out the 
notes to the lines, "Our Shield and 
Defender, the Ancient of days, pa- 
vilioned in splendor, and girded 
with praise." It was a little past 5:15 
p.m., Sunday, September 17, Battle 
of Britain Day, and the RAF anni- 
versary procession had come and 
gone. Down Whitehall toward Par- 
liament Square a few people re- 
mained clustered at an exhibition of 
late military devices. But thousands 
pressed toward the thousands massed 
illegally on Trafalgar Square. 

The Committee of 100, including 
such internationally known figures as 
its president, Bertrand Russell, Lord 
Boyd Orr, Sir Herbert Read, John 
Osborne, and Michael Scott, had 
called for 10,000 to assemble under 
the Nelson Column at 5:00 p.m. and 
march to Parliament Square for a 
sit-down meeting in front of the 
Abraham Lincoln statue. The British 
Home Secretary banned any Commit- 



tee of 100 demonstration in a squi 
mile area, traditional London focus o: 
innumerable rallies, for the twenty 
four hours preceding Sunday mid 
night. TraflBc was not to be ob- 
structed. Sticking to its position that 
preventing a nuclear war is more 
important than maintaining traffic 
around Parliament Square, the Com-j 
mittee of 100 decided to go ahead: 
the meeting would be a protesll 
against the police ban as well as a 
call for banning the bomb. 

Scotland Yard was well prepared. 
Cordons of police — 4000 of them in 
all — lined the streets and squares. 
Their lorries and special buses waited 
everywhere in readiness. Inspec- 
tors with radio transmitters walked! 
around giving instructions. 

There was heavy rain the entiri 
morning and it looked as if thel 
weather would provide the police 
with fire hoselike help. But early 
afternoon drizzle turned into mildl 
mugginess, and the four to five 



rier may gradually grow up be- 
tween father and son — parent 
and child. This happens be- 
cause parents often just do not 
understand the adolescent and 
his problems. Not understand- 
ing each other makes communi- 
cation difiicult. Parents then 
may turn to rather stem disci- 
pline and comments rather than 
understanding and guidance. 

The church should provide 
opportunities for learning which 
baffled parents will frequently 
welcome. With qualified lead- 
ership parents can be brought 
together in discussion groups. 
In these informal but well- 
planned meetings parents find 
strength and comfort in sharing 
experiences. They learn that 
others have the same problems 
and concerns they have. 

Community agencies, such 
as the juvenile court, the 
family service society, the child 



guidance clinic, and in someB* 
areas colleges, have well-trained ■'. 
personnel available for speak- H, 
ing engagements. Family lifeBl 
courses can be offered by theP 
church. Taught by qualified HI 
personnel, these courses can bej 
of immeasurable help. Parents! 
should be kept informed of thej 
many books and magazines! 
which are now available for 
help in this area. The church 
needs also to keep information 
concerning agencies where help 
can be found when needed. 

The church should take lead- 
ership in counseling. It can 
take many forms, group counsel- 
ing with youth as well as per- 
sonal counseling. The church 
should take leadership in help- 
ing parents be good counselors 
by providing them with learn- 
ing experiences and with in- 
formation concerning places 
where help can be obtained. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



;housand sit-downers in the Square 
lad only the wet below to contend 
vvith. Newspapers got soggy, rain- 
:oats blotched, and the concrete 
gradually a httle drier. Inside the 
main pohce cordon several thousand 
nostly sympathetic standers had the 
iit-downers divided into large is- 
ilands. Each group had its chairman, 
succession of speakers, and cheering. 
Four policemen walked round the 
top of the base of the Nelson Monu- 
ment to prevent any loudspeaking 
.equipment from being set up there 
;as is usual in the numerous rallies. 

The first phase of arrests came 
when dozens of demonstrators un- 
lable to reach those in the central 
area of the Square began sitting 
down in the radiating street en- 
trances. Helmeted constables rushed 
about lifting, dragging, at times toss- 
iing the limp bodies back onto the 
icurbs. Tempers rose fast. Earlier 
ipolice smiles changed to looks of 
grim irritation. Onlookers booed or 
cried, "Watch out there — not so 
rough there." Buses pulled up, the 
loading began. When loaders are 
vexed and in a hurry, getting a limp 
body through a narrow bus door can 
be a most ungentle operation. 

The BBC the next morning could 
interpret everything in terms of the 
fine efiiciency of the police. But one 
got the feeling that in spite of all 
:the stern, smooth-running eflBciency 
imany of the police — and of the 
government authorities behind them 
— imeasily realized that force might 
not prove to be adequate answer to 
this new phenomenon. 
I The sit-downers presented much 
the range to be found on the side- 
walks of a largely postgraduate uni- 
versity campus: a fair number over 
thirty and under twenty, but most in 
between; some beards, a few exhibi- 
Itionist exteriors, but mostly quite 
down-to-earth people. There was a 
igood sprinkling of clerical collars, 
and even one in a wheelchair. 

At somewhat after 6:00 a young 
fellow mounted a pedestal at the 
edge of the north sit-down area: "I 
thought you might like to know what 
is happening. On the other side of 
the monument there is a group larger 
than you here. (Cheers.) We are to 
sit here till midnight when the public 
ordinance expires and then try to 
proceed to Parliament Square. Re- 
member that on Tuesday Bertrand 
Russell, eighty-nine years of age, was 
sent to prison for organizing this 
demonstration. If a ninety-year-old 
philosopher can take that, we can 
sit here till midnight." After slight 
JANUARY 27, 1962 



hesitation, maybe at the foodless 
prospect, the group cheered. 

Seven hours is a long while to sit 
crowded close together on wet con- 
crete. But the impromptu talks, each 
area with its own, helped make the 
hours glide. 

"I am an artist. I am forty-five 
years old. I am not a crank or a 
beatnik. My work is creating things. 
I am here because I don't want a 
world where there will be nobody to 
see the sculptures of Michelangelo, 
the frescos of Piero della Francesca, 
nobody to listen to the lovely music 
of Beethoven." 

"I was told to get up and sit down 
till I began feeling like a yoyo. I 
put my head on the ground and was 
about ready to go to sleep, when I 
suddenly got the feeling we are 
together, we are all in this together. 
There may yet be a new birth of love 
on the earth." 

"As a Christian I am sick and tired 
of the bishop pontificating in vague 
theological terms to justify nuclear 
war. I am sure that if Jesus were 
on earth in London he would be 
sitting here with us." "He is," some- 
one shouted. . . . "There should be 
a change in wording in some of the 
hymns: 'Onward Christian soldiers, 
marching on to war. With the cross 
of Jesus vaguely kept in mind.' " 

At intervals there was antinuclear 
singing using old popular or Sunday 
school tunes. There came an almost 
revival-meeting intensity with the 
tune "Life Is Like a Mountain Rail- 
road" and the chorus. 

Men and women, stand to- 
gether. 
Do not heed the men of war. 
Make your mind up now or 

never. 
Ban the bomb forevermore. 
Police activities outside the main 
cordon also kept excitement high. 
Every few minutes distant policemen 
could be seen hurrying limp bodies 
away. A group of several hundred 
who had a grandstand view from the 
steps of St. Martin's in the Fields 
and kept chanting "Ban the bomb" 
was broken up late in the evening 
with many arrests. 

The setting was spectacular: as 
main backdrop the illuminated Na- 
tional Gallery; close up, the high 
radiant spray of the two fountains; 
the lions; above, the column and 
beacon-lighted statue. 

Earlier in the week Bertrand Rus- 
sell and thirty-one members of the 
Committee of 100 were imprisoned. 
Others were elected to take their 
places. The most efi^ective police 



action against the sit-down was the 
singling out and arrest of most Com- 
mittee members and marshals early 
in the evening. Second- and third- 
line members and marshals had 
been designated to step in, but the 
arrangement faltered. Attempts were 
made to get through the standers 
and form one cohesive mass, but no 
more than a sprawling Y was at- 
tained, segmented into a number of 
groups according to voice range and 
having, because of the arrest of the 
marshals, no definite coordination. 

At 10:20 police loudspeakers an- 
nounced that the ban had been ex- 
tended twenty-four hours. A rem- 
nant Committee of 100 went into 
session between the fountains. There 
were more arrests. Discussion on 
what to do surged through the 
groups. Some wanted to try to press 
through the police cordon and move 
to Parliament Square. Others said, 
"We are here as a nonviolent dem- 
onstration. You can't get through a 
police cordon by nonviolence." 

Those speaking for the Committee 
of 100 decision not to attempt press- 
ing through the cordon to Parliament 
Square got the upper hand and clear 
majority support. At 11:40 a master- 
ful mediating announcement was 
made: there would be general dis- 
persal at 12:05, but the Committee 
and others wanting to would try to 
stay until 10:00 in the morning and 
the arrival of Bertrand Russell. 

At 12:30 a thousand police moved 
in to arrest the remaining three hun- 
dred demonstrators. Of this action 
Lord Kilbracken, an onlooker not in 
favor of civil disobedience, charged: 
"One constable would grab each 
demonstrator by an arm or a leg. 
Then, sometimes running, they would 
drag them for many yards across the 
Square, making sure to pull them 
through puddles whenever possible. 
It was degrading. To my horror I 
saw six policemen throw two middle- 
aged women and a middle-aged man 
into one of the fountains. A uni- 
formed police oflBcer reprimanded 
the constables for this." Altogether 
there were 1314 arrests. 

Why did those thousands do it? 
Bertrand Russell explained to the 
court, "It was only step by step and 
with great reluctance that we were 
driven to nonviolent civil disobedi- 
ence. I began my attempt to warn 
people by entirely orthodox methods. 
I expressed my fears in a speech in 
the House of Lords three months 
after the bombs were dropped on 
Japan. I called together scientists 



Continued on page 20 



15 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 










PLEASE NOTE! 

Do not send money or checks to any of the 
Church of the Brethren personnel serving in 
Indonesia. Since they are not permitted to be 
in possession of American money in any form, 
such action can cause serious difficulties with 
Indonesian authorities. All financial matters 
should be handled through the Church of the 
Brethren General Offices, Elgin, 111. 



Nevin H. Zook, moderator of Annual Conference 
and pastor of the Elizabethtown church. Pa., will be 
the speaker for the annual Bible conference in the Se- 
bring church, Fla., Jan. 28 to Feb. 4. 

Howard Erbaugh, pastor of the Hamilton church, 
Ohio, died Jan. 3, after a short illness. About the middle 
of December he entered the hospital, where examination 
disclosed an inoperable malignancy in his chest, affect- 
ing his lungs. Funeral services were held on Jan. 6 at 
the Hamilton church in the morning and at the Bear 
Creek church in the afternoon. 

Juniata College has been awarded $40,300 by the 
National Science Foundation to conduct a summer insti- 
tute for forty high school chemistry teachers, July 9 
to Aug. 18. The six-week institute in chemical equilib- 
rium will be directed by Dr. David M. Hercules, associ- 
ate professor of chemistry at Juniata. The institute will 
offer intensive courses with lectures, demonstrations, 
discussion sessions, laboratory work, and homework. 

A Methodist church in Tampa, Fla., has a new 
associate pastor whose duties as a full-time peacemaker 
is believed to be unique in Protestantism. Rev. George 
C. Hill has the title, minister of world affairs, and his 
assignment on the staff is to promote peace without 
compromising with Communist ideals. A lay member 
of the church originated the idea and offered to pay 
the salary of the additional minister for three years. 

A Public Health Service grant of $39,457 from the 
National Institutes of Health has been approved for 
Juniata College to conduct a research project on photo- 
induced luminescence studies under the direction of 
Dr. David M. Hercules in the department of chemistry. 
Plans call for the college to obtain a full-time postdoc- 
toral research associate to conduct the work on this 
project with the help of three undergraduate assistants. 

The forty-voice Juniata College choir is on an elev- 
en-day tour of eastern Pennsylvania and five other east- 
em states. The tour began Jan. 25 at the Shippensburg 
Area high school and will end on Feb. 4 after twenty- 
one concerts in churches and high schools and on 
television. Four other weekend tours to other sections 
of Pennsylvania and Maryland, an appearance on 
WFBG-TV, Altoona, and five concerts in Huntingdon 
are also scheduled. 
16 



Church construction in 1961 totaled $984,000,00( 
according to a preliminary estimate by the U.S. Censu 
Bureau. This is $29,000,000 less than the record o 
$1,013,000,000 set in 1960. 

A. Blair Helman, president of Manchester Collegi 
experienced a serious heart attack on Jan. 6. He is h 
the Lutheran hospital at Ft. Wayne, Ind., and is restinj 
comfortably. For the present visitors are not allowed 
Your prayers would be appreciated. 



& 



The Upper Room, an interdenominational devotion 
al guide, plans two new editions for publication in Indii 
in the near future. They will be in the languages o: 
Bengali and Santali. This will mean that the devotiona 
guide will be published in forty editions and thirty-fou; 
languages. 

The third annual leprosy seminar will be helc 
April 5-11 at the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital ii 
Carville, La., according to an announcement by Dr 
Oliver W. Hasselblad, president of American Lepros) 
Missions. Jointly sponsored by American Leprosy Mis- 
sions and the U.S. Public Health Service, the seminan 
provide brief orientation courses for missionary doctors 
nurses, and lay workers who will serve or are already 
serving where leprosy is prevalent. 

The greatest need today in the field of leprosy re- 
habilitation is for trained personnel, according to the| 
World Health Organization's latest booklet in its tech- 
nical report series. According to the report, more thanl 
twenty-five per cent of all leprosy patients have somej 
degree of disability. "The frequency of disablemeni 
places a heavy financial burden on society because a| 
great number of leprosy patients become incapacitated' 
for life." Emphasizing that early detection and treat- 
ment of leprosy patients is the best way of preventing! 
deformities, the report urged that every leprosy workeri 
be trained in the fundamental principles of leprosyl 
rehabilitation. 

Bridgewater College's membership in the Southern, 
Association of Secondary Schools and Colleges, the offi- 
cial educational accrediting agency in the South, has 
been renewed for another ten-year period. The college 
has been a member of the Southern Association since 
1925. Before membership is renewed each institution 
has to complete a self-study and a periodic visitation 
program. Bridgewater's self-study revealed that thirty- 
five per cent of her graduates entered graduate and pro- 
fessional schools, that she ranked among the upper 
third of all colleges in the nation in the number of 
graduates who obtained the doctorate in the arts, hu- 
manities, and social sciences between 1936-50, that she 
ranked sixtieth among all colleges in the proportion oft 
male graduates who received the M.D. degree during 
the ten-year period 1950-59, and that she ranked in the 
upper third of all colleges in the number of graduates 
who held positions on the faculties of 284 colleges 
studied in 1955. 

Licensed to the Ministry 

Glenn R. Bucher, licensed in the Elizabethtown i 
church, Eastern Pennsylvania. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER ' 



The Saudi Arabia government is sponsoring an ex- 
nsive study of present conditions in Africa with a view 
ward financing a campaign to spread Islam throughout 
e continent, it was reported over Mecca Radio. Saudi 
[■abia's estimated population of 10,000,000 is almost 
itirely Moslem. 



A grant of $30,000 has been received by Manchester 
College from Lilly Endowment, Inc., of Indianapolis. 
This unrestricted grant will be used for the current 
operations budget of the college during the present 
fiscal year. The college has received substantial as- 
sistance from the endowment for a number of years. 



The Canadian Churchman, publication of the Angli- 
n Church of Canada, charged in an editorial that 
e way denominational congregations spent money on 
lurch luxuries was the "scandal of Christianity." 
ngled out for criticism were such things as rubber- 
idded kneelers, gold curtains in churches, extravagant 
irking lots and landscaping, and excess outside light- 
g. The Churchman said the luxuries were obtained 
depriving Christians in other lands of much needed 

,^lp• 

\\ 

Dr. John W. Martin, Jr., associate professor of 
lemistry at Bridgewater College, is coauthor of a paper 
esented before the American Association for the Ad- 
incement of Science at the organization's meeting in 
enver. The paper, entitled Synthesis and Pharmalol- 
ly of a Series of Aromatic Hydrazides, is one of six 
iblications in its field and will be published in the 
■urnal of the Pharmaceutical Sciences. An alumnus of 
lidgewater College, Dr. Martin taught in the College 
Pharmacy at Butler University, Ind., before coming 
) Bridgewater last fall. 

With Hearts and Hands and Voices is the theme 
de for a series of TV programs on ABC-TV for Febru- 
y on the Directions '62 program. It is a series on the 
evelopment of the hymns of the church. The four 
irograms will be Selah (the conflict between psalm and 
Vmn singing). Kindly Light (the revival of learning 
Inch led to the bulk of the music as we know it in the 
lesent-day hymnals). The Morning Star (the cantata 
lorale school of singing that led from Luther through 
ach to the present day Moravians), and finally An Acre 
f Canvas (a story of gospel singing from the Great 
wakening through the Kentucky revival through Rode- 
eaver and Shea. Watch your local TV Cuide for these 
rograms and inform your friends and neighbors who 
light be interested. 

A new office has been established by the. National 
,'ouncil of Churches to serve as liaison between the 
i'eace Corps and the thirty-four Protestant and Orthodox 
odies affiliated with the interdenominational organiza- 
on. Dr. R. H. Edwin Espy, the council's associate 
eneral secretary, stressed that the National Council 
does not consider itself an organization which should 
negotiate for Peace Corps grants" or contracts." Named 
.irector of the office was Rev. C. Frederick Stoerker, 
i/ho will continue as head of the council-related Com- 
lission on Ecumenical Voluntary Service Projects. As- 
ociate director is Rev. T. A. Braun, formerly a staff 
lember of the Pennsylvania State University's Christian 
i.ssociation. Mr. Stoerker, outlining the Peace Corps 
ffice's aims, said it will supply to the churches informa- 
ion on the federal agency's work in underdeveloped 
ountries, as well as keep the Peace Corps informed on 
/hat the churches themselves are doing in the same 
eld. "In addition," he said, "we will deal directly with 
hurch young people interested in service in the Peace 
^orps who view this as an opportunity to express Chris- 
ian vocation." 
lANUARY 27, 1962 



A complete half-hour filmed version of the public 
service television series. Talk Back, was released to 
television stations across the nation on Jan. 1 by the 
Broadcasting and Film Commission of the National 
Council of Churches. Up to now the program, which 
helps solve real life problems through discussion, has 
combined filmed dramatizations with live panel dis- 
cussions. The all-film format will present a guest who 
is an authority in the subject and two interviewers. Talk 
Back is produced by the Methodist Television, Radio 
and Film Commission of Nashville, Tenn., and distrib- 
uted to television stations by the Broadcasting and Film 
Commission of the National Council. 

In a reverse twist in missionary giving, a Greenwich 
Village church, N. Y., received a gift of $1,000 from 
churches in East Asia. The gift was sent by the East 
Asia Christian Conference, a regional ecumenical organ- 
ization, to the Judson Memorial church. Each year the 
Conference sends contributions to two projects within 
Asia and to one on each of the world's major continents. 
The pastor of the church, Rev. Howard Moody, said 
the gift would be used for the arts program and the 
narcotics rehabilitation work. He pointed out that it 
is appropriate that the Judson Memorial church was 
chosen as a benevolence by a group of Asian Christians 
since the church was named for Adoniram Judson, a 
pioneer missionary to Burma. 

The Chmch Calendar 

January 28 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: Reverence for God's Name. Ex. 
20:7; Lev. 19:12; Matt. 5:33-37; 6:5-9; Luke 6:46. 
Memory Selection: Our Father who art in heaven. 

Hallowed be thy name. Matt. 6:9 
(R.S.V.) 

Jan. 28 - Feb. 4 Youth Week 

Feb. 4-9 Youth Seminar, Washington and New York 

Feb. II Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 13-15 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, Va. 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 25 Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 

Gains for the Kingdom 

The Nigerian churches report the following baptisms: 
twenty-eight in the Dille church, thirty-five in the South 
Margi church, seventeen in the Moda church, fifty-three in 
the Bbororo church, twenty-one in the Mubi church, twenty- 
two in the Dzanggola church, ninety-seven in the Kwaka 
church, sixty-one in the Lassa church, twenty-one in the 
Waka church, five in the Virgwi church, twenty in the Brishi- 
shiwa church, six in the Kwagu church. 

Three received by letter in the Waterloo church, Iowa. 
One baptized and four received by letter in tlie Quinter 
church, Kansas. 

Four received by letter in the Ambler church. Pa. Ten 
baptized and one received by letter in the Fredericksburg 
church. Pa. 

Ten baptized and two received by letter in the Mill 
Creek church, Va. 

17 



The 
Year 



m 



Religion 



by Religious News Service 



► 1961 is likely to be remembered 
in church circles as the year when 
the Russian Orthodox Church, largest 
body in Eastern Orthodoxy, moved 
decisively into the ecumenical orbit 
by becoming a member of the World 
Council of Churches. 

This dramatic event highlighted 
the WCC's Third Assembly at Nevi^ 
Delhi, India (Nov. 18-Dec. 6), the 
first to which the Roman Catholic 
Church sent official observers. The 
assembly was preceded two months 
earlier by another historic gathering, 
the Pan-Orthodox Conference at 
Rhodes, Greece, in which the Rus- 
sian Church was also a leading par- 
ticipant. The year saw the issuance 
of an epochal and widely-hailed new 
social encyclical, Mater et Magistra, 
by Pope John XXIII, and notable 
progress in preparations for the 
Second Vatican Council. 

Significantly, in all these develop- 
ments, the various faiths showed a 
lively common interest as the so- 
called dialogue for understanding 
between the churches gathered mo- 
mentum on a universal scale. Of 
exceptional interest were informal 
visits paid to Pope John by Presiding 
Bishop Arthur Lichtenberger of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, and by Brooks Hays, 
former president of the Southern 
Baptist Convention. 

On the dark side, the year saw 
fresh impetus given the Red war on 

18 



religion by the program adopted at 
the 22nd Communist Party Congress 
in Moscow. Of immediate concern 
in this context were antireligious de- 
velopments in Communist-controlled 
East Germany, Poland, and Cuba. 
Elsewhere — in Laos, Ceylon, Burma, 
South Africa, the Congo, Angola, 
and Algeria — political events also 
had deep religious repercussions. 

December marked the close of 
one of the most widely-publicized 
trials in history as an Israeli court 
doomed Hitler henchman Adolf 
Eichmann to the gallows for the 
extermination of 6,000,000 Jews. 
Summing up for the prosecution in 
August, Attorney General Gideon 
Hausner paid a memorable tribute to 
the Christian clergymen and laymen 
who saved many Jews from deporta- 
tion or death and in so doing brought 
"a spark of light in the dark night of 
Nazism." The trial was seen by ob- 
servers as challenging the moral 
conscience of people everywhere. 
They saw it as pointing to a new 
era of increased Christian-Jewish 
goodwill and as underscoring that the 
Nazi crimes were actually oflFenses 
against all mankind. In many com- 
munities, particularly in Germany, 
Protestant and Catholic "repentance" 
demonstrations were held as the trial 
progressed. 

In the United States, Catholic de- 
mands that parochial schools be in- 
cluded in any federal aid to educa- 



'§ 



tion, controversy over the mora] 
of atomic bomb shelters, the acti 
ties of extremist anti-Commun 
groups, and the inauguration 
President Kennedy's Peace Coi 
were headline topics. Meanwhile t 
U.S. Supreme Court, among otl 
decisions touching upon religious 
sues, upheld the constitutionality 
Sunday closing laws. 

Meeting under the shadow 
growing East-West tensions, 1 
World Council assembly stirred cri 
cism in some circles by voting 
admit the Russian Church to mej 
bership. The Vatican Radio warm 
that the Russian Church would 
used by the Soviet government 
"confuse the world" and as "a. gov 
for further persecution of religior 
But WCC general secretary Dr. \ 
A. Visser 't Hooft hailed the ent 
of the Russian Church as offering 
tremendous opportunity" for a re 
spiritual dialogue between the Eas 
em and Western churches th 
would "greatly erurich our ecumer 
cal tasks." 

Three other decisions taken 
New Delhi were expected to infli 
ence the ecumenical movement ft 
years to come. One was the int 
gration of the International Missioi 
ary Council into the WCC, thi 
bringing together two of the mai^ 
forces of worldwide Protestant an| 
Orthodox Christianity. The seco: 
was the approval of a detailed pi 
for Christian unity which called fc| 
interlocking communities of churcb 
which recognize one another's mo 
bers and ministers and allow jo: 
participation in communion. Th| 
third was the adoption of a n© 




Religious News Service 

Brooks Hays (right), former presiden 
of the Southern Baptist Convention, i 
shown in an audience with Pope John 
Msgr. Luigi Ligutti, Vatican represent* 
ative to the UN Food and AgricultUM 
Organization, arranged the meetinf 
GOSPEL MESSENGEfl 



Isis for WCC membership which 
> 3cifically mentions the Trinity and 
( 3 Scriptures instead of requiring 
( ly recognition of Jesus Christ as 
-rd, as in the original basis. 

In other actions, the WCC as- 
: nbly 1) condemned violations of 
1 igious liberty through "legal en- 
itments or the pressure of social 
( 5toms," 2) denounced anti-Semi- 
1 m as a "sin against God and man," 
; d 3) endorsed a report calling for 
1 3 creation of cells of Christian lay- 
)>n and women in areas where the 
(urch has lost contact with the 
! isses. 

The Pan-Orthodox Conference, 
lit of its kind since 1672, was at- 
tided by delegates from 12 major 
jistem Orthodox bodies, and by 
Iree WCC observers. It approved 
teological and social subjects to be 
i:5cussed at a forthcoming Pro- 
; nod and finally acted upon at the 
; xt Orthodox Ecumenical Council. 
' le conference also agreed to renew 
?ological talks between the Ortho- 
X Churches and the Church of 
.igland (Anglican) which were in- 
rrupted in 1931. This action was 
ken after a message was read from 
r. Arthur Michael Ramsey, who 
IS enthroned in June as the 100th 
chbishop of Canterbury. Formal- 
inducted in September was Dr. 
ederick Donald Coggan, the new 
rchbishop of York. 

International tension was height- 
led in October, when Russia re- 
med nuclear tests, a move promptly 
'otested by Protestant and Catholic 
oups around the world. In the pre- 
ous month. Pope John had called 
1 leaders of East and West to 
igotiate their differences and thus 
iminate the nuclear threat. His ap- 
al won unexpected endorsement 
om Soviet Premier Nikita S. 
hrushchev, who later surprised the 
orld by formally extending 80th 
rthday greetings to the Pope. 
In the United States, a controversy 
jveloped over the propriety of 
iclear bomb shelters after Jesuit 
ather L. C. McHugh upheld the 
oral right of a householder to use 
:treme force if necessary to repel 
iprepared neighbors from invading 
s family shelter. 

American churchmen — Protestant, 
atholic and Jewish — were increas- 
gly outspoken during the year in 
aming against the threat to nation- 
unity stemming from the divisive 
-tivities of such extremist anti- 
ommunist groups as the John Birch 
jciety, which aroused particular 
iNUARY 27. 1962 




Religious News Service 

Negro demonstrators held a prayer meeting in front of the Albany city hall 
(Georgia) to appeal for a just verdict for eleven Freedom Riders on trial 



criticism by charging that many 
clergymen were Communists or 
Communist sympathizers. 

President Kennedy's executive or- 
der in March setting up the Peace 
Corps on a temporary pilot basis was 
hailed with general satisfaction in 
religious circles, although some Prot- 
estant leaders were concerned as to 
whether Peace Corps cooperation 
with missionary organizations would 
violate church-state separation. 

The church-state issue was of 
much more immediate concern to 
Protestant and Jewish leaders who 
opposed Catholic demands for fed- 
eral school funds. In December, the 
National Catholic Welfare Con- 



ference challenged the Kennedy 
administration's position on the un- 
constitutionality of aid to church- 
related schools in an 82-page 
statement which contended that the 
Constitution permitted aid on a much 
broader scale than the government 
had been willing to concede. 

The U.S. shared a spotlight with 
South Africa as churchmen in both 
countries continued to confront the 
issue of racial segregation. "Freedom 
Riders" seeking to bring about the 
integration of public transportation 
in the Southern states were given 
strong backing by both Protestant 
and Catholic clergymen. However, 
in July, Attorney General Robert F. 




Religious News Service 

Representatives of Lutheran World Service hand out clothing to children 
and adults in Hong Kong. This distribution is especially important in 
winter because of the poor housing conditions on the crowded island 



19 



Kennedy urged the nation's clergy- 
men generally to play a more active 
part in fighting racial discrimination. 

In South Africa, Christian leaders 
were shocked when three Dutch Re- 
formed churches, reaflBrming sup- 
port of the government's segregation 
policy, withdrew from the World 
Council of Churches. In another de- 
velopment. Professor A. S. Geyser, 
minister of the Dutch Reformed 
Church of Africa, was brought to 
trial before a church commission on 
charges of heresy stemming from his 
opposition to the denomination's 
stand against admitting nonwhites 
to membership. 

New milestones were recorded in 
the U.S. in the diary of the Protes- 
tant unity movement. On January 1, 
the new American Lutheran Church, 
incorporating the old American 
Lutheran Church, the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, and the United 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, began 
functioning from headquarters in 
Minneapolis. On July 4 at Phila- 
delphia, the 1957 merger of the 
Congregational Christian General 
Coimcil and the Evangelical and Re- 
formed Church into the 2,250,000- 
member United Church of Christ 
became fully implemented. 

Formation of a new 3,200,000 de- 
nomination — the Lutheran Church 
in America — was assured in August 
when the last of four merging bodies 
ratified the agreement of consolida- 
tion. The new church, to be consti- 
tuted in June, 1962, brings together 
the Augustana Lutheran Church, 
the United Lwtheran Church in 
America, the Finnish Evangelical 
Lutheran Church (Suomi Synod), and 
the American Evangelical Lutheran 
Church. In May, more than a cen- 
tury of merger efforts reached a 
culmination when the American Uni- 
tarian Association and the Univer- 
salist Church of America voted for 
formal union into the Unitarian 
Universalist Association. 

Three major bodies gave affirma- 
tive responses to a union plan pro- 
posed in 1960 by Dr. Eugene Carson 
Blake, stated clerk of the United 
Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., 
and endorsed by Dr. James A. Pike, 
Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Cali- 
fornia. They included, in addition to 
Dr. Blake's own denomination and 
the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
the United Church of Christ. A 
fourth body involved — The Metho- 
dist Church — has not yet had an 
opporturuty ofiBcially to pass on the 
plan. 

Tliroughout the year, Protestant 
20 



and Catholic oflBcials were concerned 
over developments in a number of 
Asian and African countries. In 
Laos, the future of Christian work 
was imperiled when missionaries 
were caught up, with many slain or 
missing, in the struggle against Com- 
munist rebel forces. Other diGBcul- 
ties were reported in South Vietnam, 
where Red guerillas continued to 
attack mission stations. In Burma, 
the proclamation of Buddhism as the 
state religion made missionary work 
seem uncertain despite a declaration 
of religious liberty for all citizens. 
Another Buddhist stronghold is Cey- 
lon, where church schools were 
nationalized, visas denied to pros- 
pective new missionaries and a new 
special tax imposed on resident 
missionaries. 

In the Congo, desperate plights 
were reported by mission hospitals 
and social welfare agencies. And 
many casualties occurred among 
missionaries caught in the crossfire 
in Katanga Province between United 
Nations and native forces. From An- 
gola came reports of American 
Methodist missionaries arrested by 
Portuguese authorities and jailed for 
months on charges of helping native 
insurgents fighting against what they 
denounced as ruthless colonial op- 
pression. 

New troubles for the churches 
were reported in Communist-ruled 
European countries. In East Ger- 
many, the sealing of the East and 
West Berlin border by the Com- 
munists on Aug. 13 created a new 
ghetto of darkness and isolation for 
millions of Soviet Zone Christians. 
Predominantly Catholic Poland saw 
new restrictions on religious instruc- 
tion as the government continued to 
defy the church by stepping up its 
birth control program. In Decem- 
ber reports from Hungary and 
Czechoslovakia were that the Com- 
munists were making bids for better 
relations with the U.S. by permitting 
Josef Cardinal Mindszenty to emerge 
safely from his asylum at the U.S. 
Legation in Budapest, and restoring 
banished Archbishop Josef Beran to 
his See in Prague. 

In Cuba, 1961 saw Premier Fidel 
Castro's December boast that he had 
been a Marxist-Leninist from the 
start climax a year of intensive re- 
ligious persecution during which two 
bishops and hundreds of Catholic 
priests and nuns were exiled from 
the country. In September, a spon- 
taneous demonstration by 4,000 anti- 
Castro Catholics in Havana was an- 
swered by a new decree outlawing 



all religious processions. 

Statistics published in Octol 
showed U.S. church membership 
a record high of 114,449,217, 
63.6 per cent of the total populati 
of about 180,000,000. The brej 
down was 63,668,835 Protestan 
42,104,900 Catholics, 2,698,6 
Eastern Orthodox, 5,367,000 Je 
and 589,819 members of the C 
Catholic, Polish National Catho 
and Armenian Apostolic Church 
and 20,000 Buddhists. 

During the year, major Jewish ( 
ganizations hailed steps taken 
Protestant and Catholic chur 
leaders to eliminate references 
Jews in their texts and liturg; 
which might be deemed anti-Semit 
Meanwhile concern was voiced 
Jewish circles over the closing 
synagogues and the arrest and ii 
prisonment of Jewish leaders 
Soviet Russia, and anti-Semitic m 
breaks in Argentina, Algeria, More 
CO and Libya. 



Trafalgar Rehearsal 

Continued from page 15 



ll 



S 



of the highest eminence from 
parts of the world and am nc 
chairman of their periodic meeting 
They issue wise and reasoned repoi 
concerning nuclear warfare, its pro 
able disastrous results, and ways 
preventing its occurrence. No new 
paper notices these reports and th( 
have no effect either on govemmec 
or on public opinion. The popul 
press minimizes and ridicules the e 
forts of those working against nucle 
warfare, and television, with rare e 
ceptions, is closed to us. Nonviole 
civil disobedience was forced upi 
us by the fact that it was more ful 
reported than other methods of ma 
ing the facts known, and that causi 
people to ask what had induced 
to adopt such a course of action. W 
who are here accused are prepare 
to suffer imprisorunent because v 
believe that this is the most effecti' 
way of working for the salvation 
our country and the world. If yc 
condemn us you will be helping oi 
cause, and therefore humanity." 

And where are we Brethren le 
by all this? "I can't see that sort 
thing," you say? All right; but tl 
sit-downers act out of an inten; 
awareness that nuclear death may ■ 
any time wipe out a large part i 
mankind. What are you doing? Wh;| 
more radical witness can Christiaij 
together be making against the moi 
strous immorality of the arms race 
GOSPEL MESSENGI 



^ 



[eviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
urch of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
I arch libraries are marked with an asterisk ( * ) . — Editor. 



The Old Testament Story. Robert 
Gromet. Greenwich, 1960. 62 
ges. $2.50. 

Robert Y. Gromet, M.D., a prac- 
ing X-ray specialist, has here at- 
npted what has never been done 
fore. In simple poetic form, he 
s given us the Old Testament story 
d message. The major story, in- 
iding all of the most significant 
irtions of the Old Testament, are 
duded in unpretentious verse. A 
ild could understand most of it. 
is the sort of thing to whet the 
petite of the person unacquainted 
th the Old Testament, causing him 
read it all. For those who know 
^eir Old Testament, it has little 
lue except its own charm of style 
d brevity. — Charles E. Zunkel, 
>rt Republic, Va. 

Junior Choir Anthems for Advent 

id Christmas. Edited by W. Law- 
nce Curry. Westminster Press, 
)61. 32 pages. 50c. 

For a number of years children's 
loir directors have found much 
,;lpful music in the four volumes 

Anthems for the Junior Choir pub- 
j;hed by Westminster Press. The 
jithems for the Christmas season in 
ese four volumes have now been 
ought together into a new collec- 
)n, Junior Choir Anthems for Ad- 
;nt and Christmas. Similarly, those 
■r the Easter season have been pub- 
jihed in a new book. Junior Choir 
;nthems for Palm Sunday and 
aster. 

Choir directors will find these two 
3oks very useful in planning music 
r the two significant seasons of the 
au-ch year. — Mildred M. Etter. 

The Candle, the Lantern, the Day- 

§ht. Mildred Binns Young. Pendle 

!iU, 1961. 24 pages. 35c. 
This pamphlet is based on a simple 
irable of a woman who arose he- 
re dawn to begin her work in an 
d-fashioned kitchen. First a candle, 
len a lantern, and later the daylight 

'ere her sources of illumination. 

Ihe author describes her spiritual 
cperiences in three stages — she 
)mpares the candle to tradition 
ler early Quaker training); the lan- 
Tn to the vision of himian need 
ler work with her husband under 
le American Friends Service Com- 
vNUARY 27. 19G2 



mittee); the understanding of God 
which came when she recognized 
her own need as well as that of 
others. The search to find and know 
God resulted in ideas concerning 
God and Jesus which were satisfying 
to her and stimulating to any honest 
searcher for truth. — Mrs. Charles E. 
Zunkel, Port Republic, Va. 

Making Prayer Real. Lynn J. 
RadcliflFe. Abingdon, 1960. 254 
pages. $1.25. 

Nothing is more needed in the 
Church or the Brethren than a 
mighty upsurge of vital, God-cen- 
tered prayer. This title now in pa- 
perback form can be used effectively 
toward this end. 

Growing out of Pastor Radcliffe's 
personal experience in forming 
prayer groups and conducting semi- 
nars this book is organized into five 
parts: Prelude to Prayer, Contact 
with Power, The Way of Spiritual 
Discipline, The Way of Illumination, 
and The Way of Oneness with God. 

While some readers may feel that 
the types of prayer discussed are 
over-refined and that too much em- 
phasis is given to mysticism there are 
practical suggestions here which if 
followed wiU be the means of en- 
riching anyone's spiritual life. — 
David J. Wieand, Ramallah, Jordan. 

Values Men Live By. Morris 
Keeton. Abingdon, 1960. 224 
pages. $3.50. 

The comment on the jacket of this 
book is that "this book is an invita- 
tion to a beginning inquiry into 
major directions your life can take." 
It invites the reader "to apply the 
'powerful solvent of philosophy' and 
the perspectives of diverse cultures" 
to religious issues. 

This emphasis comes from the 
professor of philosophy and religion 
at Antioch College. 

Although this reviewer, because 
of the nature of his work, found 
the book not as practical as he would 
have hked, he can see that it would 
be an excellent book in philosophy 
classes in colleges. Perhaps this was 
the purpose of the book. However, 
no one is ever so mature in his 
faith that an inquiry into its meaning 
is not helpful. This book will be 



quite helpful to anyone wishing to 
make such inquiry. — W. Glenn 
McFadden, Pasadena, Calif. 

"At the Cross. Charles Ludwig. 
Warner Press, 1961. 80 pages. 
$1.25. 

In this book the author has writ- 
ten a tender but moving narrative 
about the last days of Jesus. He 
begins the meditations with the 
struggle in Gethsemane, going 
through the arrest, the trial, and its 
verdict. He leads the reader up the 
road to Calvary with deep insight 
and emotion, and helps one to expe- 
rience the crucifixion with renewed 
vividness. The final meditation cul- 
minates in the resurrection of Christ 
and its meaning for our world. The 
whole book is written with clarity, 
understanding, and empathy. It is 
an excellent meditation for any time, 
but it will be especially helpful and 
inspiring during the Lenten season. 
Ministers will find in it also much 
material for sermons. — Ruth B. 
Statler, Johnstown, Pa. 

" Daughter in Bondage. Phyllis 
Kinley. Warner Press, 1961. 175 

pages. $2.95. 

This very wonderful and exciting 
novel is set in present-day Japan, just 
outside of Tokyo. The writer, a mis- 
sionary's wife, has woven the cus- 
toms, habits, dreams, and hopes of 
the Japanese people into her story 
in such a unique and authentic 
fashion that one feels it is biography 
and not fiction. It is indeed an inter- 
esting way to acquire knowledge of 
another culture in an unforgettable 
way. 

In short, it is the story of a young 
Japanese bride who is forced to start 
her married life with her mother-in- 
law, because custom decreed this up- 
on the eldest son. Her struggle to 
live with a domineering, self-cen- 
tered, and cruel woman is heart- 
rending. It is only as she learns of 
Christ and his way of love from the 
missionary that she finds peace and 
happiness in the midst of trouble. 
Her sincerity as a Christian is chal- 
lenging. She was not the same 
person. She came to love the can- 
tankerous old woman whose hatred 
and spite had robbed her of all joy 
and left her an empty shell. She 
found a vibrant, joyous life, and a 
great peace filled her whole being. 
What a testimony for the Christian 
faith! Church libraries wiU do well 
to add this novel to their shelves. — 
Mrs. Charles E. Zunkel, Port Repub- 
lic, Va. 



News and Comment From Around the Worli 



Indian Cabinet Member Defends 
Use of Missionary Funds 

A legislator's demand that India 
prohibit the forwarding of money 
from abroad to foreign missionaries 
has been rejected by a cabinet min- 
ister in the government. 

A Hindu member of the lower 
house of the Indian Parliament 
charged that funds from abroad were 
being used for the "mass conversion" 
of Hindus to Christianity. 

However, the minister of home af- 
fairs repudiated the charge that 
missionary funds were being used 
solely for conversion purposes. He 
also denied another allegation that 
forcible conversions were financed by 
such funds. He said the money was 
being spent by Christian missions on 
educational activity and medical re- 
hef. 

Ashram Leaders Plan 
Retreats in African Coimtries 

Two missionaries who worked to- 
gether in India for almost half a 
century have embarked on a tour of 
several African countries to investi- 
gate the possibility of establishing 
Ashrams or spiritual retreats there. 

They are Dr. S. Jesudason, a na- 
tive of India and Dr. E. Forrester- 
Paton, a Scotsman. They believe 
that the particular expression of fel- 
lowship and service found in an 
Ashram has a vital role to play in 
countries divided by caste and in 
multiracial communities. 

The association of the two mission- 
aries began when they were studying 
medicine together in Britain. Both 
men were convinced that the Chris- 
tian church needed "a new vision of 
fellowship and service." They estab- 
lished the first Ashram in 1921. 

German Church Calls for 
Volunteer Overseas Workers 

An urgent appeal to young Ger- 
mans to volunteer for service in 
underdeveloped countries was issued 
as the Protestant-sponsored "Bread 
for the World" campaign launched 
its third year at a special ceremony 
in Berlin. 

What the drive needs more than 
funds, the appeal emphasized, "is 
men to help the African and Asian 
fellowmen to learn how to overcome 
ignorance and distress themselves. 
Whoever volunteers for such service 
does more to combat hunger and 
sickness in the world than tons of 
rice and medicines can do." 
22 



The relief drive is held under 
auspices of the Evangelical Church 
in Germany and the German Evan- 
gelical Free Churches. Leaders of 
both groups joined in issuing the 
call for young volunteers. 

Protestant Youths Charged 
With Antistate Activities 

Three members of the Protestant 
youth movement in Potsdam, East 
Germany, were sentenced by a dis- 
trict court to long jail terms on 
charges of antistate activities, ac- 
cording to reports reaching West 
Berlin. 

Church sources stressed that the 
charges against the three were en- 
tirely unfounded and that their trial 
obviously was another example of 
Communist persecution of young 
Christians because of their religious 
loyalties. 

They were convicted of allegedly 
misusing their connections with West 
German Christian groups in Mainz 
and Aachen to instigate slanderous 
actions against the Soviet Zone. 

Claim Discovery of Tomb 
of the Apostle Philip 

Archeologists in western Turkey 
have claimed the discovery of the 
tomb of Philip, one of the twelve 
apostles, and of a baptistry built by 
the Emperor Justinian at the tomb 
of John, the evangelist. 

Professor Paolo Verzone of the 
Polytechnic Institute of Turin, Italy, 
said the excavations he made in 
1957-58 at ancient Hierapolis, some 
150 miles from Smyrna, have result- 
ed in the identification of an early 
fifth century, octagon-sided church, 
as the traditional tomb of Philip. 
Meanwhile recent excavations in 
Ephesus, financed by an Ohio busi- 
nessman, have unearthed a baptistry 
regarded as the tomb of John the 
evangelist, also several chapels built 
around a sixth century basilica con- 
structed by Justinian, and early 
Christian liturgical scrolls. 

Much of the baptistry's original 
marble and mosaic work was report- 
ed well preserved. It contained a 
sunken basin into which early Chris- 
tian converts descended and were 
baptized. 

The apostle Philip preached in 
Asia Minor and is believed to have 
been crucified at Hierapolis during 
the persecution of Domitian. This 
tradition dates from the second cen- 
tury, but some authorities feel that 



the believed grave of Philip tl| 
apostle may have been that 
Philip the deacon, first centui 
evangelist and one of the seviHji 
deacons ordained by the apostles. 

Korean Protestants Question 
Policy on Political Crimes 

Protestants leaders in south KopI 
have issued an appeal to the milita 
government there asking that ti 
death penalty not be imposed <| 
persons now on trial for polil 
crimes. 

This is the first public protel 
against government policy to 1 
registered by any groups since tl| 
military junta took over last sumnK 
The petition was signed by IJl 
persons, primarily ministers of tl| 
Korean Presbyterian, Methodist 
Holiness churches. 

Nine persons have already bet 
sentenced to death and two ha> 
been hanged as a result of trials fa- 
fore the revolutionary court. Son 
400 persons have been brought I 
trial on charges of election frau 
graft, antistate and counterrevoli 
tionary activities. 

In their petition, the Protestan 
said: "Although we naturally co) 
sider severe punishment of thes 
criminals to be proper, yet we stronj 
ly desire that they be exempted froi 
execution." 

Missionaries Still Needed 
to Help Church in India 

Christian missionaries are sti 
needed in India "to help the churc 
fulfill its enormous unfinished tas 
in its witness to the Lordship < 
Christ in every area of life." 

This was the conclusion of Pro 
estant mission leaders who attende 
a consultation recently at Nagpu 
India. The four-day meeting on th 
missionary's role in India, describe 
as one of the most important of H 
kind, was attended by represent} 
tives of members of the Nation! 
Christian Council of India, which ii 
eludes nearly all non-Roman Catholi 
churches in that country. 

It was agreed that a missionary i 
India should "accept all the priv 
leges and responsibilities of membe) 
ship in the church in India which h 
has come to serve and abide by il 
rules and regulations while in Indiai 
Participants also urged that financis 
assistance from churches abroad b 
transmitted through the agencies ( 
Indian churches and not throug 
GOSPEL MESSENGB 



reign missionaries. All money 
ven abroad for work in India 
ould be channeled through the 
.dian church, it said. 

rhwenkfelders Mark 
Dunder's Anniversary 

The Schwenkfelder Church, one 
the oldest and one of the smallest 
otestant denominations in the 
orld, recently marked the 400th 
iniversary of the death of its found- 
, Caspar Schvvenkfeld von Ossig. 
ne church has only five congrega- 
Dns, four of them in the Perkiomen 
'alley section of Pennsylvania and 
16 in Philadelphia. Its total mem- 
jrship is around 2500. 
In historical influence and impact 
■ e tiny church, hovi^ever, rates a 
lapter in any history of denomina- 
)ns of Reformation origin. The 
:h\venkfelder Library at Penns- 
irg, Pennsylvania has 30,000 vol- 
nes and manuscripts covering the 
riod from the Reformation to 
e present. It also includes the 
nealogy of its members going back 
the original band who came to 
liladelphia from Central Europe to 
cape religious persecution in 1734. 
'■ Among the descendants, who are 
;ted, are two former governors of 
jnnsylvania, John Hartrahft, who 
as governor from 1873 to 1876, and 
artin Grove Brumbaugh, a promi- 
■nt leader of the Church of the 
'i-ethren, who was governor from 
)15-1919. 

To coincide with the anniversary 
nineteen volume set of the writings 
Caspar Schwenkfeld has been 
(impiled. Schwenkfeld was a noble- 
an of Ossig, Silesia, who lived from 
|t90 to 1561. He joined with Martin 
■ather in the Reformation, but dif- 
■ring with some of his policies, 
junded a movement known as 
Reformation by the Middle Way." 
For many years after coming to 
pnsylvania in 1742, the Schwenk- 
ilders worshiped only in private 
i)mes. Their first church buildings 
,ere similar to Quaker meeting 
imses. The general program of the 
iiurch functions through a General 
bnference. 

(Ssemblies of God Have 
liore Notional Workers 

I National workers serving with As- 
imblies of God missions in various 
!.rts of the world have increased 
ore than 250 per cent since 1955. 
lere are now around 12,000 such 
arkers. 

Church leaders also report that in 
e last six years nineteen new for- 
NUARY 27. 1962 



eign Bible schools were started, for 
a total of 70 operated by the de- 
nomination. There are more than 
1,000,000 members of the Assem- 
blies of God on foreign soil. In the 
U.S. denominational communicants 
total some 500,000. 

Leprosy Missions Group Needs 
Trained Medical Workers 

American Leprosy Missions has 
formed a medical committee to ad- 
vise on the training and recruitment 
of leprosy workers. Dr. Oliver W. 
Hasselblad, president of the agency, 
said this step to help recruit and 
train medical workers marks a change 
of emphasis in the organization's 
fifty-five-year-old work with leprosy 
patients. Working through forty- 
eight Protestant mission boards and 
cooperative communities, the mission 
gives financial aid to 260 treatment 
centers in thirty-three countries. 

Dr. Hasselblad said, "the time is 
coming when food, clothing, build- 
ings, equipment and medicines, for- 
merly our main concern, will be 
provided for leprosy patients by 
national governments and inter- 
governmental agencies. The grow- 
ing need is for trained personnel." 

Pope John Makes New 
Appeal for Christian Unity 

In an encyclical letter. Pope John 
recently made a new appeal for 
Christian unity. At the same time 
he made it clear that by Christian 
unity the Roman Catholic Church 
means unity under the authority of 
the Pope. 

Pope John said one of the purposes 
of the forthcoming Second Vatican 
Council would be to explore the 
possibility of a return to Rome by 
the "separated brethren." 

IFOR Advocates 

"Shelters for the Shelterless" 

The International Fellowship of 
Reconciliation has launched an ap- 
peal to Americans to donate money 
for housing in underdeveloped coun- 
tries instead of building fallout 
shelters. 

Called Shelters for the Shelterless, 
the program is endorsed by such 
people as Aldous Huxley, famous 
novelist; Dr. Henry J. Cadbury, for- 
merly chairman of the board of di- 
rectors of the American Friends 
Service committee; John Raitt, 
Broadway singer and actor; and 
Maxwell Geismar, literary critic and 
biographer. 

In a statement announcing the 
project, the Fellowship condemned 



the "sheer selfishness" of the shelter 
program which, it said, "means the 
luxury of building shelters which we 
vaguely hope will shield us from 
radioactive fallout although there 
are hundreds of millions of people 
who do not even have the bare neces- 
sities of life." 

Funds donated for the project will 
be channeled through the United 
Nations and other agencies. Experts 
in the field of international self-help 
housing will assist with the planning. 

Canadian Church Urges 
Admission of Red China 

The United Church of Canada's 
Board of Evangelism and Social 
Service has issued a statement urg- 
ing Canada to support the admission 
of Red China into the United Na- 
tions. Recognition of the Red 
Chinese was first urged by the 
United Church's General Council in 
1952. Subsequent general councils, 
which meet every two years, have 
repeated the plea. 

The board also provided a plan 
for reporting the transfer of church 
memberships. It pointed out that 
one Canadian family in four moves 
every year with the result that church 
rolls contain more than 100,000 
names of nonresident members. 
The board called for a well-organized 
visitation evangelism program to sup- 
plement pastoral calls. 

World Council Commission 
Sends Letter to Portugal 

In a personal letter to the foreign 
minister of Portugal, the chairman 
and director of the World Council 
of Churches' Commission of the 
Churches on International Affairs 
urged "restoration and observance of 
human rights and freedoms for all 
in Angola." The letter signed by 
Sir Kenneth Grubb, chairman of the 
commission, was authorized by the 
World Council's Central Committee 
at its recent meeting in New Delhi, 
India. 

A report condemning Portugal for 
repressive acts in Angola was adopt- 
ed by the Council's Third Assembly 
by a vote of 179 to 177. Because of 
the closeness of the vote, the report 
was referred back to committee. The 
delegates agreed to authorize the 
policy-making Central Committee to 
take appropriate action on the mat- 
ter. The delegates were reluctant to 
take any action that might be in- 
terpreted as singling out Portugal 
alone for criticism. 

The statement acknowledged that 
"Portugal is not alone in making mis- 

23 



takes in Africa." But the letter con- 
tinued: "We cannot but admit our 
pain and sorrow at reports from 
Angola of the mounting toll of refu- 
gees, wide-spread destruction and 
mortality, the apparent severity of 
reprisals, imprisonment, excessive 
punishment, or even death in un- 
explained circumstances of Christian 
pastors and laymen, as well as the 
detention of missionaries." 

Episcopalians Donate Nuclear 
Reactor to Japanese University 

An atomic research reactor do- 
nated by American Episcopalians 
has been installed at the new Nuclear 
Research Institute of St. Paul's Uni- 
versity in Yokosuka, Japan. 

This is the first nuclear reactor to 
be placed in use by a Japanese col- 
lege or university. It was given by 
Episcopalians in the United States 
to commemorate the 100th anniver- 
sary of the founding of the Episcopal 
Church in Japan. The reactor will 
be used for academic, agricultural 
and industrial research, medical ap- 
plications, and the training of nuclear 
scientists and engineers. 

Alcoholism Increasing Among 
West German Women 

Alcoholism is on the rise among 
West German women because of 
personal unhappiness and lack of re- 
ligious conviction, according to that 
country's Protestant Anti-Alcoholic 
Society. This finding was disclosed 
by recent research. 

Ernest Kmieschewski, director of 
the society, said most women drink- 
ers become alcoholics after failing to 
find husbands or because of unhappy 
marriages. He asserted that closer 
links with the churches and a re- 
surgence of religious belief would 
prevent many women from becoming 
addicts. 

Protestant and Catholic leaders in 
West Germany have made large- 
scale eflForts in recent years to curb 
the increasing number of alcoholics. 
It is reported that West Germans 
spend almost three billion dollars an- 
nually on alcoholic drinks. 

Jewish Philosopher Opposes 
Death Penalty for Eichmann 

Dr. Martin Buber, noted Jewish 
religious writer and philosopher, has 
indicated he would oppose the death 
sentence expected for Adolf Eich- 
mann. The eighty -four -year -old 
German-born scholar told Religious 
News Service that he would not 
seek amnesty or pardon for Eich- 
mann since these terms imply an act 
24 



of grace which would be improper 
for a man convicted of unprecedent- 
ed crimes against humanity. 

Dr. Buber said his intervention 
grows out of a lifelong opposition 
to the death penalty. Dr. Hugo 
Bergman, another Jewish philoso- 
pher, also opposes the death penalty 
as being against the spirit of Judaism 
even in an extreme case such as 
Eichmann's. 

Population Pressures Increase 
Hong Kong Refugee Problems 

About twenty per cent of Hong 
Kong's population continues to live 
in squatter conditions. Even with- 
out the influx of refugees — said to 
number 1,000 a month — the natural 
increase of about 91,500 in the popu- 
lation for the year points once again 
to dangerous pressures being built 
up in the colony. 

Mr. D. W. B. Baron, director of 
social welfare in Hong Kong, re- 
ports that the number of abandoned 
babies dropped last year from 205 to 
154. Nearly all were girls. Almost aU 
abandoned and orphaned babies can 
now be adopted into families in 
Hong Kong and abroad. 

A dispatch to Christian Science 
Monitor from Hong Kong says that 
although the optimum population of 
Hong Kong is believed to be 800,000 
there are now 3,200,000 persons liv- 
ing in the 400 square miles of the 
colony. 

Rabbinical Court Set Up 

To Deal With Family Problems 

In its first year of operation the 
Rabbinical Court of America has 
saved some 500 Jewish marriages, 
according to a statement by Orthodox 
leaders. The court established by 
the Rabbinical Council serves the 
entire Jewish community without re- 
gard to synagogue afiRliation, in the 
area of marital difliculties. 

Composed of three Orthodox rab- 
bis, the court sits once a week but is 
available at all times to deal with 
family problems. The court also has 
a central registry of vital statistics 
containing a roster of all recorded 
marriages, divorces and custody set- 
tlements. The court was established 
through a gift from a Jewish Ortho- 
dox lay leader, Gustav Stem. 

Prominent Humanitarians Send 
Statement to President Kennedy 

A group of leading humanitarians 
from eight countries, among them 
several widely-known religious fig- 
ures, sent a statement to President 
Kennedy calling upon the U.S. not 



to resume nuclear testing in the ! 
mosphere. 

Noting that recent Russian nude 
test explosions "have resulted 
grave and continued hazards of rai 
ation to humanity," the group urgt 
that the U.S. not follow the Sov) 
example, 'Taut refrain from atmc 
pheric tests and also cease its ci 
rent underground tests." 

Religious figures among the t 
persons signing the statement we 
Dr. Martin Buber of Jerusalem, noti 
Jewish religious writer and philos 
pher, Dr. Albert Schweitzer, farm 
Protestant medical missionary 
Africa; Canon Lewis John Collins 
St. Paul's Anglican Cathedral, Lo 
don, and Francois Mauriac, tl 
widely-read French Catholic write 
Five of the signers, including E 
Schweitzer and M. Mauriac ha' 
been Nobel Prize winners. 

Although their statement was a 
dressed to President Kennedy, 
asked all nuclear powers, includii 
France, "to refrain from furth 
nuclear test explosions." 



^1 



ill 
i 



News Briefs 

Relations between the Russij 
Orthodox church and Albanian 
thodox church have become increa 
ingly strained. According to 
spokesman for the Moscow Pat 
archate the tension between tl 
churches parallels the rift betwet 
Russia and Albania which resulti 



h 
ill 



i 



in the recall of the Soviet diplomat 
mission from the little Balkan coui 
try and the closing of the Albanis 
Embassy in Moscow. 

The general attitude of the Thii 
Assembly of the World Council ( 
Churches toward the Roman Cathi 
lie church was praised in an artic 
appearing in The Herald, ofiBd 
organ of the Catholic Archdiocese ( 
Calcutta. Although references I 
the Catholic church during tl 
World Council Assembly were ,ii 
frequent, the publication said thi 
they were always "correct and unde: 
standing." 

Christmas bundles contributed f 
the Mennonite Central Committe 
this year totaled more than 32,00{ 
the highest since the program bega 
sixteen years ago. Bundles went 1 
Algeria, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Korei 
Jordan, Paraguay, Austria and Fo! 
mosa. 

The promise of a more conciliator 
attitude toward Spain's small Pre 
estant minority on the part of civ! 
and ecclesiastical authorities w£ 
seen by one of the country's leadin 
GOSPEL MESSENGE 



( tholic spokesman in an article 
p ^lished by a church organization 
ii Madrid. The article stressed that 
v'ile Protestants number only .6 
f • cent of the population, the grow- 
i: influx of Protestant tourists 
" akes it essential for us to abandon 
aiosition of mere opposition." 

Canada and American Protestant 
liders have called for a closer co- 
Cjjration between the Canadian 
(iuncil of Churches and the Na- 
tial Council of Churches in the 
1 5. Representatives of both groups 
rned a committee to explore 
coortunities for more teamwork 
I ween the two national church 
c mcils. 

American voluntary agencies con- 
touted $164,439,000 worth of re- 
lic to persons overseas during the 
ft half of 1961. The majority of 
t' aid came from rehgious organi- 
zdons. Church World Service, the 
c'jrseas arm of the National Council 
c Churches, sent $19,476,000 in as- 
s:ance abroad. 



Readers Write 

Continued from page 2 

(,e else. What's wrong with it?" Or 
{e the attitude is that it is the com- 
imly accepted thing to do. 
How much our neglect — when 
I'ople have no knowledge of funda- 
il«tal material values. No knowl- 
t'ge of time and money budgeting, 
s iple health habits, or the energy 
(i drive to carry out such. They 
I'lst drive a 1960 car, they smoke, 
1th mother and father, and they 
( ily consume beer and liquor, as 
i;ularly as you and I might drink 
Ji'up of coffee. Yet the clothes these 
i'ople wear are dirty and ragged. 
|How much our neglect — when a 
li:le boy I'll call Jay was brought 
Ick to our hospital because his step- 
Ibther realized something was seri- 
( sly wrong with Jay. Little Jay had 
fjent most of his two years in our 
Hspital; he just would not grow, but 
i ally with a lot of love, care, and 
!(3cial attention and a lot of research 
il to diet, we had a fairly good- 
]|)king child in Jay. The doctor felt 
Ijit it was time to send him home 
tj learn to live with his family. Jay's 
)i)ther has several children, but with 
i;ferent fathers. In fact, when the 
i'pbrother brought little Jay back 
' us, the mother was in another hos- 
al delivering another child, not 
? child of Jay's father. Had the 
pbrother not brought little Jay 
;ck when he did, I doubt if he 
JS'UARY 27, 1962 



would have lived another day, for 
little Jay was so hungry and ill-kept 
that he was actually eating his own 
hands! How much our neglect? — 
Helen T. Tinley, Children's Hospital, 
3825 Greenspring Ave., Baltimore, 
Md. 



Anniversaries 

Mr. and Mrs. John H. Harshbarger 

celebrated their fiftieth wedding anni- 
versary on Nov. 23, 1961. They have 
three children, twelve grandchildren, 
and one great-grandchild. — Mrs. 
Charles Harshbarger, Virden, III. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. Howard Johnson of 
Gridley, Calif., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Dec. 24, 1961. 
They are members of the Live Oak 
church. They have seven children and 
twenty-nine grandchildren. — Florence 
Davis, Live Oak, Calif. 

Brother and Sister William La Pradd 
of Horsham, Pa., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Dec. 11, 1961. 
They are members of the Ambler 
church. They have two children, three 
grandchildren, and two great-grandchil- 
dren. — Mary E. Haring, Lansdale, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Lichty celebrated 
their fifty-eighth wedding anniversary 
on Dec 17, 1961. They are members 
of the Waterloo City church, Iowa. 
They have five children, ten grandchil- 
dren, and twenty-three great-grandchil- 
dren. — Mrs. S. R. Schlotman, Waterloo, 
Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Merle C. Strayer cele- 
brated their fiftieth wedding anniversary 
on Aug. 27, 1961. They are members of 
the Waterloo City church, Iowa. They 
have two children and five grandchil- 
dren. — Mrs. S. R. Schlotman, Waterloo, 
Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Galen K. Walker of 
La Verne, CaHf., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary in November 1961. 
The celebration also marked more than 
fifty years full-time pastoral service for 
Brother Walker. The Walkers have 
three children and nine grandchildren. — 
H. M. Brubaker, La Verne, Calif. 

George B. and Josephine Hershberger 
Wineland celebrated their golden wed- 
ding anniversary at their home in Mar- 
tinsburg. Pa., on Dec. 25, 1961. Both 
are active members of the Martinsburg 
Memorial church. They have one son, 
three daughters, and fourteen grand- 
children. — Mrs. C. O. Beery, Martins- 
burg, Pa. 



Obituaries 



Barb, Cornelia Frances, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Nesselrodt, was 
born in 1881 and died August 6, 1961. 
She was married to James Barb, who 
preceded her in death several years 
ago. She was a member of the Stony 
Creek church, Va., for many years. 
Surviving are three daughters, two 
stepdaughters and a number of grand- 
children. The funeral service was con- 
ducted in tlae Stony Creek church by 
Bro. Dee Flory, and burial was in the 
cemetery near the church. — Mrs. 
Eunice K. Showns, Mt. Jackson, Va. 

Barrett, Druzilla, daughter of Samuel 



and Salome Nedrow Landis, was born 
at Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 1, 1869, and 
died Dec. 14, 1961, at Bluffton, Ind. 
On May 22, 1888, she was married to 
James Barrett, who died in 1940. Sur- 
viving are a daughter, one sister, three 
grandchildren, and six great-grandchil- 
dren. She had been a member of the 
Markle church, Ind., for many years. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. W. C. Stinebaugh, and burial was 
at Ossian. — Jayde Brumbaugh, Markle, 
Ind. 

Bisker, Joseph A., was bom May 29, 
1896, and died Oct. 30, 1960. He was 
married to Elsie M. Boyd. He was a 
member of the New Fairview church, 
York, Pa. His wife and several step- 
children survive. The funeral was con- 
ducted by Brethren Murray Lehman and 
John D. Miller. — Roger Miller, York, 
Pa. 

Bowman, Jonas E., was born April 
23, 1877 at Floyd, Va., and died at 
Pomona, Calif., Dec. 9, 1961. He is 
survived by his wife, two daughters, 
seven grandchildren, eleven great- 
grandchildren, one half brother, five 
half sisters, two stepsons and one step- 
daughter. The memorial service was 
conducted in the La Verne church by 
the undersigned, assisted by Rev. C. H. 
Radford. Burial was in the Pomona 
Mausoleum. — Harry K. Zeller, Jr., 
La Verne, Calif. 

Brumbaugh, John E., son of Andrew 
and Susanna Rhodes Brumbaugh, was 
born at Martinsburg, Pa., March 9, 1909, 
and died at Montvale, N. J., Dec. 16, 
1961. He was married to Elsa Thorell 
on Nov. 4, 1934. Surviving are his wife, 
two children, one grandchild, one sister, 
and two half sisters. He was a member 
of the Martinsburg Memorial church. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Floyd Mitchell, and burial was in 
the Fairview cemetery. — Mrs. C. O. 
Beery, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Coffin, Haskell F., was born in Lynn, 
Mass., June 21, 1901, and died in Lima, 
Ohio, Dec. 7, 1961. He was married to 
Ruby Byerly. He was a member of 
the Pleasant View church, Ohio, where 
he had served as head usher for a num- 
ber of years and recently as a deacon. 
Surviving are his wife, two sons, and 
four grandchildren. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by Bro. David 
Wampler in the Pleasant View church, 
and burial was in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Paul Rusmisel, Colrmibus 
Grove, Ohio. 

Cornell, Philip A., son of WiUiam and 
Elizabeth Whitfield Cornell, was born 
May 21, 1886, in East Providence Town- 
ship, Pa., and died at Everett, Pa., Dec. 
10, 1961. He was married to Lydia May 
Foreman, who died on May 19, 1948. 
Surviving are six sons, two daughters, 
and twenty grandchildren. He was a 
member of the Everett church. Funeral 
service was conducted by Bro. Fred 
Bowman, and burial was in the Bed- 
ford cemetery. — Mrs. Perry Harclerode, 
Everett, Pa. 

Cowey, Robert M., son of Luther M. 
and Sadie E. Cowey, was born Dec. 4, 
1927, and died Aug. 7, 1961. He was 
married to Mary E. Smyser on Dec. 10, 
1947. He was a member of the New 
Fairview church, York, Pa. Surviving 
are his wife, two sons, and four daugh- 
ters. The funeral service was conducted 
by Brethren Jacob L. and John D. Mil- 
ler at the New Fairview church, and 

25 




Ho^ to 
Help through 

UNDERSTANDING 

Josephine Robertson 



Included in this thought- 
provoking book are means to 
help others through Christian 
friendship and understanding. 
Suggestions of what to say or 
not to say, of what to do or 
not to do, are only part of the 
valuable material which will be 
of deep interest to everyone 
who desires a greater 
understanding of others. $2.25 



Church of Ihe Brethren 
General Offices, 
Elgin, Illinois 



burial was in the adjoining cemetery. 
— Roger Miller, York, Pa. 

Craig, CliflFord, died Dec. 19, 1961, in 
Dayton, Ohio, at the age of seventy- 
three years. He was a member of the 
Mack Memorial church. Surviving is 
his wife, Grace. The funeral service 
was conducted by Bro. Raymond R. 
Peters. — Joan Macy, Dayton, Ohio. 

Davis, Ada, daughter of Nicholas L. 
and Sarah Angeline Spaid, was born 
at Concord, W. Va., Nov. 28, 1887, and 
died at Winchester, Va., Nov. 2, 1961. 
She is survived by her husband. Candy 
Davis, three sons, two daughters, two 
sisters, two brothers, and twelve grand- 
children. She had been a member of 
the Church of the Brethren since 1906. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Rev. Paul Dick, pastor of the Winchester 
Brethren church, assisted by Rev. Mark 
Anders, pastor of the Congregational 
Christian church of Timber Ridge. — 
Daniel B. Spaid, Junior, W. Va, 
26 



Dickerson, CofBe Claude, was bom 
in Floyd County, Va., Dec. 25, 1883, 
and died Dec. 17, 1961. He had been a 
member of the Beaver Creek church 
for fifteen years. He was married to 
Dovie Gardner, who preceded him in 
death seven years ago. Surviving are 
four daughters, three brothers, five sis- 
ters, sixteen grandchildren, and five 
great-grandchildren. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted at the Beaver Creek 
church by Brethren Archie Naff^ and 
Herman Spangler, and burial was in the 
adjoining cemetery. — India Dickerson, 
Floyd, Va. 

Fox, Arline, was born Aug. 27, 1902 
and died Nov. 23, 1961. She was mar- 
ried to Robert M. Fox, who survives 
together with five daughters, one son, 
four brothers and seven grandchildren. 
The funeral service was held at the 
Hanoverdale church. Pa., by Brethren 
Norman Patrick and Paul Hoover, and 
burial was in the Hanoverdale ceme- 
tery. - Clara Frysinger, Hummels- 
town, Pa. 

Freed, Mamie, daughter of Michael 
and Elizabeth Gottshall, was born June 
28, 1892, and died Dec. 11, 1961, at 
Salfordville, Pa. Surviving are her hus- 
band, WiUiam Freed, three sons, three 
daughters, eleven grandchildren, and 
one great-grandson. She had been a 
member of the Church of the Brethren 
for more than fifty years. The funeral 
service was conducted by Bro. Joseph 
Moyer, assisted by Brethren John and 
Jacob Moyer, and burial was in the 
Indian Creek cemetery. — Mrs. R. G. 
Musselman, Vernfield, Pa. 

Gibbel, Verda E., died Aug. 21, 
1961. She was married to Dr. J. P. 
Gibbel, who survives. For many years 
she had been a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. From 1926 to 1930 
she served at the Garkida Hospital, 
Nigeria, Africa. She was serving as the 
treasurer of the women's fellowship of 
Southern Ohio at the time of her 
death. In addition to her husband, 
two daughters, one son and four grand- 
children survive. The memorial serv- 
ice was conducted at the Greenville 
church by Bro. Clarence Fairbanks, 
and burial was in the Greenville cem- 
etery. — Grace Rhoades, Greenville, 
Ohio. 

Goehenour, Milton E., son of David 
and Barbara Goehenour, was born Jan. 
10, 1875 and died at Timberville, Va., 
Aug. 5, 1961. He was a member of 
the Cedar Grove church for many 
years, serving in the office of deacon 
for thirty-two years. Surviving is one 
sister. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by Bro. Dee Flory at the Cedar 
Grove church and burial was in the 
cemetery adjoining. — Mrs. Eunice K. 
Showns, Mt. Jackson, Va. 

Grable, Emma R., was born Dec. 7, 
1886, and died Oct. 12, 1961, in Union- 
town, Ohio. She was a member of the 
Hartville church, Ohio. Surviving are 
two sons, two sisters, five grandchildren, 
and eight great-grandchildren. The fu- 
neral service was conducted by Bro. 
Victor Bendsen, and burial was in the 
Uniontown Greenlawn cemetery. — 
Lloyd Grable, Uniontown, Ohio. 

Grossnickle, Maggie D., daughter of 
Nathan and Charlotte Gaver Eccard, 
was born Jan. 14, 1879 and died Feb. 
20, 1961. Her husband, Howard S. 
Grossnickle, preceded her in death. 
She was a longtime member of the 



iFa 






Beaver Creek church, Md., servii 
with her husband in the office 
deacon for many years. Surviving a 
two daughters, two sons, four grani 
children, nine great-grandchildren ai 
one sister. The funeral service w 
conducted by Bro. D. H. Miller assisti 
by Bro. Elmer Rowland, and buri 
was in the Beaver Creek cemetery. 
Mrs. Clarence Farver, Hagerstow 
Md. 

Harley, Alvin P., son of Henry ai 
Amanda Price Harley, was bom Ap; 
2, 1876, and died Dec. 2, 1961. He w 
married to EHzabeth Jones, who pt 
ceded him in death. For over six 
years, he had been a member of tl 
Royersford church. Pa. where he hi 
served as a deacon for many yeai 
Surviving are four children, thirte« 
grandchildren, one great-grandchil 
four brothers, and one sister. The m 
morial service was conducted by Re 
Gerald O'Donnell, assisted by Bi 
Alvin Alderfer, and burial was in tl 
Fernwood cemetery. — Martha 
Hershberger, Spring City, Pa. 

Hartman, John H., son of Samuel 
and Salome Hartman, was born April 
1887, and died Sept. 23, 1961. He hi 
been a member of the New Fairvie 
church, York, Pa., for forty-five yeai 
On June 22, 1913, he was married 
Mary Markey, who preceded him 
death. Surviving are three sons, ( 
daughter, and nine grandchildren. Tl 
funeral service was conducted at tl 
New Fairview church by Brethren Mu 
ray P. Lehman and John D. Miller, ai 
burial was in the adjoining cemetei 
— Roger Miller, York, Pa. 

Hess, Arthur R., was born May 
1894, and died Dec. 16, 1961, at Yor 
Pa. He was married to Eliza Sheet* 
He had been a member of the Chun 
of the Brethren since 1915. He w 
elected to the ministry in 1930 and o 
dained to the eldership in 1951. He 
survived by three daughters, one so 
one stepson, seven grandchildren, thri 
brothers, and two sisters. The funer 
service was conducted by Bro. Bru( 
Anderson, and burial was in the ^ 
Rose cemetery, York, Pa. — Frances 
Shaffer, East Berlin, Pa. 

Hoover, Nannie Alverta, daughft ll 
of Felix and Annie Frederick Showi 
ter, was born at Clappertown, Pa 
Dec. 1, 1904 and died at Pittsburg 
Pa., Nov. 24, 1961. She was a med ilu 
ber of tlie Williamsburg church. Pi 
On Feb. 16, 1923, she was married t 
Charles W. Hoover, who survives. Tw 
sons, one daughter, six grandchildr( 
and one sister also survive. The fune 
al service was conducted by Bro. I 
Howard Keiper, and burial was i 
the Presbyterian cemetery. — Elizabet 
Sollenberger, Williamsburg, Pa. 

Hull, George W., son of Abrahai 
and Hettie Ralfensberger Hull, VW 
born March 12, 1884, and died Dec. II 
1961, at Carhsle, Pa. He was marrie 
to Gartha Trostle. He became a meal tl 
ber of the Church of the Brethren i 
1909, and was elected to the minish 
in 1918 and ordained to the eldership! 
1935. For two years he served as pn 
siding elder of the Upper Conewas 
congregation. Surviving are one daugl 
ter, two sons, eleven grandchildrei j/^ 
and nine great-grandchildren. The f^ 
neral service was conducted at the Lat 
more meetinghouse by Bro. Harry 1 
Nell and the home ministers. Burial WJ jj^ 
GOSPEL MESSENGE ^^ 



JL 



k\ 



ith 



d 



te 



1 he adjoining cemetery. — Frances E. 

5 ffer, East Berlin, Pa. 

jmmel, James B., son of W. C. and 
A la Eckman Kimmel, was born Feb. 

2 1880, in Illinois, and died at Sheldon, 
la, Oct. 22, 1961. In 1907, he was 
D ried to Laura Stronks, who died in 
1 3. Surviving are two daughters, two 

6 s, two brothers, four sisters. The fu- 
ll -il service was conducted by Bro. 
I E. Pepple, and burial was in the 
I ,t Lawn cemetery at Sheldon. — Mrs. 
E H. Kimmel, Sheldon, Iowa. 

Cline, Melissa Susan, daughter of 
Ivid H. and Missouri Harshman 
I ille, was born Jan. 9, 1887 and died 
} y 15, 1961. She and her husband, 
> lliam E. Kline, had served in the 
I lC of deacon in the Beaver Creek 
c iich. Surviving are two sons, one 
c ighter, eight grandchildren, one sis- 
t and two brothers. The funeral 
s\ice was conducted by Brethren 
( n Heckman and J. Stanley Ear- 
1 t. Burial was in the Grossnickle 
c netery at Myersville. — Mrs. Clar- 
t e Farver, Hagerstown, Md. 

Cough, Clyde W., son of Harry and 
Crissa McCullough Kough, was born 
f:>. 15, 1896, in Armstrong County, 
f. and died July 11, 1961, at Cherry 
1 e, Pa. He was a member of the 
h atgomery church. Surviving are his 
ve, Edna Clark Kough, one son, two 

Sadsons. The funeral service was con- 
ted in the Montgomery church by 
E. J. H. Wimmer, and burial was in 
6 Elderton cemetery. — Mrs. Florence 
£ lahay, Glen Campbell, Pa. 

iulp, Mary, died at Lancaster, Pa., 
Iv. 15, 1961 at the age of eighty-one 
J irs. She was married to Ivan Kulp, 
vo preceded her in death. Surviving 
J one daughter, two sons, eight 
jndchildren, eleven great-grandchil- 
c n and one brother. She was a mem- 
h of the Middle Creek church. Pa. 
le funeral service was conducted by 
1). Bard Kreider, and burial was in 
t Middle Creek cemetery. — Emma 
1 Zook, Lititz, Pa. 

.l^andes, Elsie, daughter of William 
I' and Sallie Bowers Garber, was born 
i)t. 2, 1885 at Ft. Defiance, Va., and 
td Nov. 15, 1961 at Weyers Cave, 
^1. Surviving are her husband, Henry 
I; Landes, two daughters, four sons. 
Si en grandchildren and one sister, 
le funeral service was conducted by 
liv. E. H. Kyle, assisted by Rev. R. E. 
I debrandt, and burial was in the 
1 asant Valley Cemetery. She was a 
limber of the Methodist church. — 
Trma E. Garber, Weyers Cave, Va. 

.eedom, Fannie G., was born July 5, 
] 1, and died Dec. 24, 1961. She 
Vs a member of the Conewago church 
ii her early days but in more recent 
y rs, a member of the United Church 
Christ in Reading, Pa. The funeral 
s 'ice was conducted by the under- 
s led, and burial was in the HofFer''! 
c rch cemetery. — Nevin H. Zuck, 
E abethtown. Pa. 

.eiter, Ottie B., daughter of Bruce 
^ and Bertha Statler Kuhn, died at 
C encastle. Pa., Dec. 13, 1961, at the 
3 of seventy-six years. She was a 
c Iter member of the Greencastle 
: rch. Surviving are her husband, 
V liam W. Leiter, one son, one brotlier, 
3 two sisters. Funeral service was 
- ducted by the undersigned and 
f thren Wayne A. Nicarry and John E. 
j 4UARY 27, 19G2 



Rowland, and burial was in the Cedar 
Hill cemetery, Greencastle. — Samuel D. 
Lindsay, Greencastle, Pa. 

Long, Katie, was born Oct. 1, 1881 
near Boonsboro, Md., and died at 
Chambersburg, Pa., Nov. 14, 1961. She 
had been a member of the Welsh Run 
congregation for about thirty-five 
years. Surviving are two sons, two 
daughters, two sisters and two broth- 
ers. The funeral service was conduct- 
ed at the Welsh Run church by Breth- 
ren Clarence Hunsberger, Russell Mar- 
tin, and Henry Hunsberger. Burial 
was in the Manor church cemetery. — 
John D. Martin, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Lowe, Sidney, was born Nov. 6, 1877, 
at Arcadia, Fla., and died Dec. 15, 1961. 
Surviving are his wife, Sarah Sparkman 
Lowe, six sons, five daughters, thirty- 
four grandchildren, twelve great-grand- 
children, and one brother. The funeral 
service was conducted in the Okeecho- 
bee church by the undersigned, assisted 
by Bro. R. M. Durrance, and burial was 
in the Evergreen cemetery. — F. C. 
Rohrer, Okeechobee, Fla. 

Manning, Joseph E., died Dec. 11, 
1961 at the age of seventy-nine years. 
Surviving are his wife, Ethel, two sons, 
one daughter, and four grandchildren. 
He was a longtime member of the 
Church of the Brethren where he had 
served as a deacon and a Sunday school 
teacher for many years. The memorial 
service was conducted by Bro. Jasper 
Smith, assisted by Bro. John Wieand, 
and burial was in the Brethren ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Nellie Ogden, Batavia, 
Iowa. 

May, Sadie C, daughter of George 
C. and Agnes V. May, died Nov. 27, 
1961 at the age of seventy-two at 
Waynesboro, Va. A double funeral 
service for her and her brother, Den- 
nis W. May, who died the same day, 
was held at the Waynesboro E.U.B. 
church by Rev. Olin Kesner and Rev. 
David Glovier. Burial was in the Riv- 
erview cemetery. Miss May was a 
member of the Pleasant Valley church. 
— Verma E. Garber, Weyers Gave, Va. 
McClune, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. John Steele, died Dec. 4, 1961, 
at the age of seventy-nine years. Her 
husband. Maris Lindley McClune, 
preceded her in death. She was a 
member of the Mechanic Grove church 
for many years. Surviving are two 
daughters, two grandchildren, one sis- 
ter, and one brother. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by Bro. Murray 
Wagner, assisted by Rev. Roy Towns- 
end of the Little Britain Presbyterian 
church. Burial was in the Mechanic 
Grove cemetery. — Mrs. William P. 
Bucher, Quarryville, Pa. 

Metzger, Roger Lee, son of Robert 
and Edna Funderburg Metzger, was 
born in Clark County, Ohio, May 29, 
1941 and died Nov. 14, 1961 at Den- 
ver, Colo. He was a member of the 
Donnels Creek church, Ohio. Surviv- 
ing are his parents, two sisters, one 
brother and one grandfather. The 
funeral service was conducted by Bro. 
Robert Hoover and Mazie Swearingen, 
and burial was in the New Carlisle 
cemetery. — Edith Dresher, Springfield, 
Ohio. 

Miley, Tracy Lyrm, son of Gerald and 
Erma Ochs Miley, died near Ephrata, 
Pa., Dec. 17, 1961, in his second year. 
Surviving are his parents and four 




! The need 
for a moral 
and spiritual 
revolution 



MORE THAN 
SURVIVAL 



K. Morgan Edwards 

With a voice of assurance 
in an unsure world. Dr. 
Edwards speaks with 
hope and expectancy of 
a religious, moral, ethical 
and social revolution that 
would extend the life of 
the Western world and 
delay the visit of history's 
mortician. Four elements 

— soil, seed, sun and rain 

— make up the formula 
that produces revolution. 
They are the basic ideas 
behind this book. $2.25 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



grandparents. Funeral service was con- 
ducted by Bro. Guy E. Wampler, and 
burial was in the Bergstrasse cemetery. 
— Mrs. H. Spencer Fry, Terre Hill, Pa. 

Miller, Alma Mayfield, died Dec. 16, 
1961, at Independence, Kansas. She 
had been a longtime member of the 
Church of the Brethren. Surviving are 
her husband, Charles J. Miller, two 
daughters, one son, thirteen grandchil- 
dren, one sister, and two brothers. The 
funeral service was conducted by the 
undersigned, and burial was in tlie 
Mount Hope cemetery. — Van B. 
Wright, Independence, Kansas. 

Montgomery, Russell, son of John 
and Annie Chilcote Montgomery, was 
born April 13, 1896 at Mapleton De- 
pot, Pa., and died at Williamsburg, 
Pa., Dec. 1, 1961. He was married to 
Lavinia Brumbaugh, who survives. 
Two daughters, fi\'e grandchildren, 
three sisters and two brothers also sur- 

27 



FOR CHILDREN AGES 4 TO 8 



ikxl Spcah 
to Me 




GOD SPEAKS 
TOME 

MARY ALICE JONES 



The ways in which God speaks 
to us and makes us aware of 
His guidance and concern for 
our well-being are portrayed 
with a sense of joyous wonder 
as they appear to a child. 
The teachings of Jesus and the 
Bible, and the role of the 
church, are all dwelt on as 
sources of strength and com- 
fort. $2.00 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



vive. He was a member of the Wil- 
liamsburg church. The funeral service 
was conducted by Bro. D. Howard 
Keiper and burial was in the Odd 
Fellows cemetery at Mapleton Depot. 
— Mrs. Elizabeth Sollenberger, Wil- 
liamsburg, Pa. 

Moser, John E., was born in Pepin 
County, Wis., July 15, 1888 and died 
Dec. 6, 1961 in Rock Falls, Wis. On 
March 1, 1915 he was married to 
Lottie Harschlip. He became a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren in 
1958 and remained a faithful member 
until death. Surviving are his wife, 
two sons, one daughter, seven grand- 
children, two brothers and two sisters. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
the undersigned, and burial was in the 
Rock Falls cemetery. — Walter A. Mil- 
ler, Mondovi, Wis. 

Ours, Carol, daughter of Carroll and 
Florence Hosley, was born April 21, 
1934, in Portland, Maine, and killed at 
28 



Petersburg, W. Va., Dec. 5, 1961. Sur- 
viving are her mother, her husband, 
Paul Ours, one son, and one sister. The 
funeral service was conducted at the 
Bethel church, W. Va., by Brethren 
R. V. Simmons and Alfred Shaver. She 
was a member of the Bethel church. — 
Mrs. Lester Yokum, Petersburg, W. Va. 

Pope, Minnie Bell, died at Okeecho- 
bee, Fla., Dec. 19, 1961, at the age of 
fifty-one years. She was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren. Surviving 
are her husband, John Pope, four sons, 
four daughters, two brothers, one sister, 
and eight grandchildren. The funeral 
service was conducted at the Okeecho- 
bee church by Bro. F. C. Rohrer, and 
burial was in the Okeechobee ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Robert Arnold, Okeecho- 
bee, Fla. 

Powell, Charles H., son of Charles L. 
and Laura Lee Powell, died at Green- 
casde. Pa., Dec. 17, 1961, at the age of 
seventy-five years. He was a charter 
member of the Greencastle church. Sur- 
viving are his wife, one son, one daugh- 
ter, four grandchildren, and two sisters. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
the writer and Brethren Wayne A. 
Nicarry and John E. Rowland. Burial 
was in the Shanks cemetery. — Samuel 
D. Lindsay, Greencastle, Pa. 

Price, John Calvin, was born at Polo, 
III, July 26, 1901, and died at Pomona, 
Calif., Dec. 16, 1961. He was a long- 
time member of the La Verne church. 
Surviving are his wife, Eva B. Price, 
one daughter, two sons, eight grand- 
children, and three sisters. The me- 
morial service was conducted in the La 
Verne church by the undersigned, and 
burial was in the Evergreen cemetery. 
— Harry K. Zeller, Jr., La Verne, CaHf. 

Rhoades, Charles M., died Nov. 1, 
1961, at Dayton, Ohio, at the age of 
eighty-six years. He was a member of 
the Mack Memorial church. Surviving 
are his wife. Myrtle M. Rhoades, one 
daughter, one son, one sister, and two 
grandchildren. The funeral service was 
conducted by Bro. Raymond R. Peters, 
and burial was in the Memorial Park 
cemetery. — Joan Macy, Dayton, Ohio. 

Roberts, Hannah Catherine, daughter 
of Joseph and Jane Leatherman Rob- 
erts, was born July 13, 1884, at Antioch, 
W. Va., and died Dec. 20, 1961, at Key- 
ser, W. Va. She was a charter member 
of the Keyser church. Survivors include 
one daughter, one sister, three grand- 
children, and four great-grandchildren. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
the undersigned, and burial was in tlie 
Thrush cemetery. — C. H. Cameron, 
Keyser, W. Va. 

Saul, Margaret R., daughter of Fred 
and Betty Roden Berry Saul, was born 
May 13, 1891, at Flagstaff, Ariz., and 
died Dec. 20, 1961, at Waterloo, Iowa. 
On March 4, 1907, she was married to 
Hugh H. Saul. She was a member of 
the South Waterloo church, Iowa. Sur- 
viving are three sons, four daughters, 
nineteen grandchildren, and nineteen 
great-grandchildren. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by the undersigned, 
and burial was in the Elmwood ceme- 
tery. — Clarence D. Sink, Waterloo, 
Iowa. 

Stoops, Helen M., daughter of George 
C. and Doretta Harbaugh Freshman, 
was born in Waynesboro, Pa., and died 
Dec. 16, 1961, at the age of forty-eight 
years. On Jan. 26, 1932, she was mar- 
ried to Glenn R. Stoops. She was a 



member of the Waynesboro churi 
Surviving are her husband, one a 
one daughter, four brothers, one i 
ter, and five grandchildren. The i 
neral service was conducted by B 
Beverly B. Good, and burial was in t| 
Quincy cemetery. — Thelma M. W: 
dowson, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Wine, Norman B., died Aug. ; 
1961, at Dayton, Ohio. He had beer 
minister in the Church of the Brethr 
since 1918. He had served as elder 
the Mack Memorial church for fourte 
years, and also as elder of the W 
Alexandria, the Eaton, and the Be 
Creek churches. For twenty-two yea 
he had been a trustee at ManchesI 
College. He was married to Grace Ho 
gen Wine, who survives, together wi 
one daughter and two grandchildrt 
The funeral was conducted at the Ma 
Memorial church by Brethren Raymoi 
R. Peters and V. F. Schwahn. — Roi 
mond Young, Dayton, Ohio. 



ki 



Church News 

Washington 

Seattle, Olympic View Community 

Mrs. Douglas Chapman showed pictui 
of Palestine at the Christmas meeting 
the women's service guild. The procee 
from the sale of calendars at this ma 
ing went to sponsor migrant workers 
the state of Washington. Dec. 24 w 
white gift Sunday. The combim 
choirs gave special music for the servi 
on that Sunday. The pastor. Dew 
Rowe, was assisted by Gudrum Fehlii 
the exchange student from Germai 
At the senior fellowship potluck dimi 
following the morning service, Sv 
Ahlden told of Christmas in Swede 
We now have an attachment to the c 
gan that rings chimes automatica] 
every evening at six o'clock. Ea 
year something new in the way of ii 
provement is added to the chiurch. Tl 
year new tihng has been put on tl 
floors in the basement. On Jan. 7, ne 
members were received into the churi 
and honored at the coffee hour followii 
the morning service. — Mrs. Cald 
Muirhead, Seattle, Wash. 



Iowa-Minnesota 
Waterloo — Mrs. Ruby Williams 



rected the vacation Bible school in Ai 
gust. A number of volunteer moth( 
take their turn caring for the nurse 
during the worship services each Su 
day. The retreat was at Camp Pii 
Lake on Sept. 8 and 9, with Bro. Phil 
Bradley, pastor of the Iowa Riw 
church as the inspirational leader. ( 
Layman's Sunday, Bogdan Burdrich, 
refugeee from behind the Iron Curta 
who is making his home with tl 
Charles Bennett family, brought an Jl 
teresting message during the worshi 
service. Charles Albin and Arlene She! 
er from the Ivester church interprets 
the new curriculum at a meeting 
September. Mr. and Mrs. Bucher visite 
four odier churches in the district to " 
terpret the curriculum. Six babies ha\ 
been consecrated. The commission 
ministry and evangelism is organizin 
the undershepherd plan for the congr( 
gation. Seven of our men helped in & 
construction of the new central buildiiJ 
for Camp Pine Lake. We had a harve^ 
home dinner followed by a program 
GOSPEL MESSENGB 



It 



it 



. 28. The Sunday school Christmas 
;ram and the white gift offering was 
tlie evening of Dec. 17. The new 
: ch building is entirely enclosed and 
nope to have it completed so that we 
have Easter services in it. — Mrs. 
;. Schlotman, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Northeastern Kansas 

•lathe — The pastor, James L. Min- 
i, was moderator of the district con- 
ince at the First Central church in 
isas City. The guest leaders were 
F. Brightbill and Rosa Page 
ch. We observed communion on 
Vrld Communion Sunday. The youth 
pdcipated in the citywide trick or 
tilt for UNICEF on Halloween night. 
J) members are working each Wed- 
nliay evening on remodeling the 
clirch basement. The pastor is presi- 
dit of the Olathe ministerial associa- 
ti . for this year. — Mrs. Ivan Orr, 
C the, Kansas. 

Jorthem Illinois and Wisconsin 

reeport — Members of our congre- 
gion were in charge of two services 
a he Brethren Home at Mt. Morris in 
S tember. During the year, we have 
r'eived twenty-three members into 
d' church. A prayer fellowship has 
b'n formed of those who have indi- 
C 3d that they will pray regularly for 
tl work of the church and in special 
c 3S when called. This fall a monthly 
n/sletter was added to the publication 

he monthly calendar mailed to mem- 
bs and friends. Bro. John C. Eller of 
Cfcago spoke at the worship service on 
Sit. 19, bringing a message for com- 
Dment Sunday in the every-member 
eiistment program. We have a month- 
1;' fellowship supper followed by a 
F gram. Carl Zigler is the new moder- 
aif for the congregation. We observed 
tlj love feast on World Communion 
S iday. On Layman's Sunday, Dr. 
J eph Schechter deUvered the message. 
1 3 pastor, Foster Statler, was the 
i aker for die community Thanksgiving 
s \ ice. Esther Merkey, recently em- 
pyed by the Kings Daughter's Home 
i'the city, spoke and showed pictures 
O'her work in Ecuador. Members of 
t congregation have taken part in 
sh meetings as the district conference, 
t| regional conference, the Christian 
e'lcation workshop at Franklin Grove, 
81I the sectional youth rally. — Pearl 
Ihckner, Freeport, 111. 

iLena — On Mother's Day six babies 
^re dedicated. Mrs. Ted Kimmel was 

1 ■ speaker for the mother and daughter 
i lowship. At the close of the morning 
.'vice on July 16, we received four 
! mbers into the church by affirmation 
•I faith. Also in July, we had a fare- 
Ml dinner for David Ockerman and 
1 family. The program for the after- 
' 3n consisted of a This Is Your Life 
' t of the Ockerman family while at 
I • Lena church. On Sept. 3, Harvey 

ssler was installed as the new pastor. 

e ministers of the Lena churches 

■ i their famihes were guests at the 

I iner following the service. Five of 

' : churches of Lena participated in a 

.'lool of Christian growth each Sun- 

y evening through the month of No- 

nber. World Community Day was 

served at the Lena Amity Lutheran 

arch. This year's project was school 

tfits and school Idts. The children 

Jsented a Christmas program and the 

VUARY 27, 1962 



CLIP and MAIL TODAY 



Florida S-^bruary ^iJtA to *^inet&entU 



After serving the West Virginia and Western Maryland districts in 
Self-Allocation meetings late in January and early February, I will be 
driving on south to Florida. It is my intention to serve members in the 
Sunshine State for approximately two weeks subsequent to arrival the eve- 
ning of February 5. 

My coming by car enables me to have conversation with those members 
who would like to obtain information concerning a Christian will, the ex- 
ceptional benefits of the Brotherhood's Annuity Plan, the advantages of 
investing in the million dollar Church Extension Loan Fund, or other 
means by which our world-wide work may receive benefit, with generous 
income being assured to those members who place funds with the General 
Brotherhood during their lifetime. 

You who desire to confer with me about any of the above mentioned 
possibilities or other interests should feel free to write and request that I 
visit you. Your confidence will be respected fully and you will incur no 
obligation because of our conversation. If you are a Florida resident or 
anticipate being a visitor there between February 5 and 19, why not take 
advantage of this opportunity to talk with me personally sometime during 
the two weeks I will serve in Florida? Simply fill in the following invitation 
form and mail it to me, designated "personal," without delay. This deeply 
appreciated co-operation will enable me to effect travel economies as I 
journey throughout the state. 

Harl L. Russell, Director of Special Gifts 
General Brotherhood Board 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, Illinois 

Dear Brother Russell: 

I (we) wish to visit with you about my (our) interest in 



I (■we) are at home usually during the day, or between 
(a.m.) (p.m.) and (a.m.) (p.m.) 



Name 



St.; R.F.D. 
City 



Phone 



State 



adult choir a Christmas cantata. — Mrs. 
Harry Schoney, Lena, 111. 

Rockford — The youth group is very 
active this year. They have attended 
their sectional meetings and hold regu- 
lar meetings locally. During the sum- 
mer we had two singspiration services 
under the direction of Bob Wilbur, who 
is tlie adult choir leader. The choir also 
presented a Christmas music program 
on Dec. 24 at the morning worship 
hour. During the absence of the pastor, 
the pulpit was filled by outside speakers 
and laymen from our own group. The 
average church attendance was greater 
this past year. The church members 
have voted to buy a tract of land for a 
future building north and west of our 
present church in a new development. 
This is part of a long-range program. — 
Mrs. Elmer Haskell, Caledonia, 111. 

Southern Illinois 
Girard — In August, Clarence and 
Lucile Heckman, retired missionaries to 
Africa, were in charge of a morning 
service, giving many interesting experi- 
ences of their years in Nigeria. At the 
spring council, we voted to increase 
our outreach under the self-allocation 



plan. Gordon Gerlach and Virgil Knox 
and their wives were installed into the 
office of deacon. During the year, five 
were baptized and five received by 
letter. On Sept. 1, A. B. Pierson be- 
came the new pastor. Mrs. Pierson is 
directing the junior and senior choirs 
this year. Every month a group from 
the women's fellowship meets at the 
Home to give some kind of service 
where it is needed, such as writing 
letters, reading, sewing, or mending. 
Our love feast was held on World Com- 
munion Sunday. On Nov. 5, Farrel 
Culler preached for us in a pulpit ex- 
change program and led a discussion in 
the afternoon on Deepening the Spirit- 
ual Life, in the local church as well as 
in the district. Nine juniors attended 
Camp Emmanuel in tlie summer. We 
had a school of missions in January. — 
Mrs. Gail Myers, Waggoner, 111. 

Panther Creek — The parsonage has 
a new barn because of the combined 
efforts of all the church groups. The 
women's fellowship has been quilting 
and knotting comforters at their regular 
meeting. We participated in the union 
Thanksgiving servace at the Methodist 
church. The offering was given to 

29 




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portant. Daily devotions during Lent will 
help you to understand more clearly and 
share more fully in the joy of this greatest 
of Christian holy days. 

The Upper Room for March and April pro- 
vides daily devotions written especially for 
the coming Easter season. Place your 
order now for enough copies to supply 
every family in your church. 

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CROP. The young people went Christ- 
mas carohng in connection with practice 
for a play which was given on Dec. 24 
at the morning worship service. — Nina 
Thomas, Roanoke, III. 

Middle Indiana 
Bethel Center — During the absence 
of our pastor, Fred Miller, at Annual 
Conference, Bro. Walter Keller of Up- 
land, Ind., and Bro. George Mendenhall 
of Hickory Grove preached. Several of 
the young people went to Brown County 
to attend the sectional CBYF meeting. 
They also attended the older youth fel- 
lowship at Wabash, Ind. The elder, 
John Mishler, conducted the council 
meeting in September. Bro. Walter 
Stinebaugh was the evangelist for the 
meeting, Sept. 17-24. Some of the 
women attended the women's fellow- 
ship workshop at Markle on Sept. 20. 
The youth choir has been singing every 
other Sunday, and they plan to give 
a program at Markle. We observed 
our love feast on World Communion 
Sunday. Bro. Walter Keller was present 
for that service. Some of the men at- 
tended the eastern section men's meet- 
ing at the Loon Creek church. The 
women's fellowship has joined the 
United Church Women in this area and 
will participate in all of the activities 
of that group. One hundred thirty-six 
school kits for South America were 
brought to the World Community meet- 
ing in November. During January, we 
had a school of missions. Since the 
beginning of this school year we have 
had two family nights with supper and 
a program. — Mrs. Carl Wentz, Hartford 
City, Ind. 

Markle — Our congregation was host 
to the eastern section women's work- 
shop at which Mrs. Harriet Bright was 
the speaker. Bro. Moyne Landis was 
the evangelist for the week's meeting, 
Oct. 23-29. At the harvest and home- 
coming service on Nov. 5, the speaker 
was Albert Harshbarger. Our congrega- 
tion was host to the union Thanksgiving 
service on Nov. 22. One of the Sunday 
school classes sponsored a caroling 
party to a dozen homes of shut-ins. 
They also distributed Christmas boxes. 
Dr. Leonard and Betty Blickenstaff were 
speakers on the evening of Jan. 14, 
and Ronald Studebaker on Jan. 28. We 
are looking forward to the program by 
tlie Bethel Center children's choir and 
talks by Charles and Naomi Baldwin. 
On March 11, the deputation group 
from Manchester College will have 
charge of the morning worship service. 
— Jayde Brumbaugh, Markle, Ind. 

Northwestern Ohio 

Lima — In the absence of Pastor 
Dean L. Farringer, Rev. J. Ira Jones of 
the Trinity Methodist church and Dr. 
Lloyd L. Ramseye, professor at Bluff- 
ton College, spoke. The women worked 
one day at the Fostoria Home. A num- 
ber of our boys and girls attended Camp 
Mountain Lake, and two of the women 
helped there in the kitchen. The 
church was host to the children's work- 
shop in August. We also had a twenty- 
four hour prayer vigil for peace in the 
church and in the homes. Other speakers 
in the church have been Brother James 
and Bro. Donald Binkley, who has been 
licensed to the ministry. The women 
spent some time at the Roselawn con- 
valescent home, taking cookies and 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a i 
service in the interests of assist 
individuals or families to relocate 
secure employment in Brethren a 
munities. It does not provide for 
advertising of goods or property 
sale or rent. Iiiformation on paid 
vertising may be obtained from 
Church of the Brethren General OfiBi 

This service is part of the Brotl: 
hood program, assigned for adminis) 
tion to the Social Welfare Departm 
of Brethren Service. 



Tl 

J (01 

jlhv 



The right to edit and reject noti 
is reserved. Since no verification 
notices is made no responsibiHty can 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it ht 
necessary that the number be giv lsR< 
Write Brethren Placement Servi 
Church of the Brethren General Offic 
Elgin, 111. 



No. 551. Young married couple st 
employment in Brethren community, 
possible. Experienced in dairy farm: 
but willing to try other work. Hi 
school education. Both have served 
Brethren Volunteer Service. Conta 
Jack Lein, R. 1, Stanley, Wis. Pho) 
Midway 4-2403. 



No. 552. Wanted: The HoUansbi 
community, 14 miles from Greenw 
Ohio, is seeking a general pract "t' 
physician. We have two Brethi ^I 
churches in our community. Ple< ™ 
contact: Village Council, HoUansbu 
Ohio. 



mt 



I 



itt 



30 



flowers. The men attended the Norl 
western Ohio banquet at Toledo, Oh 
Some of our women attended the 1 
gional conference at Manchester 
lege. On Nov. 12, we observed t 
sixtieth anniversary of our church wi ™ 
a homecoming. The speaker for t 
occasion was Paul W. Kinsel, who al 
held a week's meeting. Seven w< 
baptized and one was received by lett 
Our church is taking part in the bask* 
ball league. In observance of Chri 
mas, we had a basket supper, fami 
festival, a choir cantata on one Sund 
morning, and a children's program 
the evening. The choir and Past 
Farringer led worship at the Goi 
Shepherd home at Fostoria. The Liu 
church is on the 100% Messenger listi 
Mrs. O. C. Anspach, Lafayette, Ohi( 

Southern Ohio 

Troy — The children collected $1 
for UNICEF before enjoying a coshui 
party. The youtli had a fall retreat ai 
planning session. They also had a boQ Wa 
at the county fair, gleaned com, ai is 
sold light bulbs and trees. Our groi i^ 
was host to the tri-county CBYF in la \j 
September. The film. Burden of Tnit ui 
was shown. Robert Mock, pastor of tl itt 
West Milton church, spoke about BV jk 
at a special meeting for youth and the lop 
parents on Nov. 26. The women's ft Sov 
lowship has been meeting one day eac lei 
month and one night each quarter. Th< %( 
GOSPEL MESSENGE l^ 



iei 



4 



been sewing for Bethany and the 
I hospital and rehef; besides they 

thirty blankets to Church World 
ice and friendship kits for rehabili- 
n. The pastor attended the re- 
I id conference at Manchester, and 
nd two other members were at the 
. stian education workshop at Brad- 
. Herman Conine, a member of 

congregation, has been elected 
ident of the Troy Council of 
rches. Paul Sluiter showed colored 
;s of Italy at the all-church men's 
iwship. He and his family were 
ight to Troy from Holland last year 
one of the Sunday school classes. 
Dec. 24, we had the annual white 
service in the Sunday school hour, 
a dedication of babies at the morn- 
worship. The two choirs and the 
h went caroling during Christmas 
k. During January we had a school 
lissions, with the Lichty family and 
Studebaker as speakers and pres- 
tion of the play. Eye of the Storm. 
IS. Raymond Becker, Troy, Ohio. 



Eastern Pennsylvania 

ast Fairview — Roy McAuley, pres- 
it of Elizabethtown College, was the 
iker for rally day. Bro. Ralph Jones 
Hatfield was the guest minister for 
tl'fall love feast services. Our congre- 
gion helped take the religious cen- 
Si of Manheim and vicinity, which 
w sponsored by the Manheim minis- 
te Jm. A number of the women at- 
teled the district women's fall fellow- 
sli at Chiques. They also made and 
fild schoolbags for the World Com- 
iriity Day project. Bro. Luke Brandt 
al)uakertown held evangelistic services 
fe one week. As a result, ten accepted 
C ist. The youth group of our con- 
gi Ration joined four other youth 
giaps in a visit to the Long Run 
cllrch. Bro. Wilbur Lehman was 
S|:iker at the evening services there. 
Allay, The Great Choice, directed by 
G ce Baker, brought out the theme of 
pee. Olden Mitchell moderated a 
p lie panel discussion on temperance. 
A 31m was also shown at the same 
p a;ram. The Thanksgiving season was 
rr ked by the community Thanksgiving 
S( ice and a service of thanksgiving 
a, praise, the next morning. Twelve 
h e been baptized and two received 
bletter. Bro. Wilbur Martin, mission- 
a: on furlough from Africa, showed 
p ures and displayed native curios of 
■* ica at an evening service. Our con- 
g gation was placed among the ranking 
b'nty churches of the Brotherhood in 
g ng to the Brotherhood fund. The 
E timore Pilot House was the recipient 
I truckload of clothing and furniture 
Slit by the young adults of our congre- 
g ion. We had our Christmas program 
Oi Dec. 17. - Mrs. Mahlon Graybill, 
Mnheim, Pa. 

Southern Pennsylvania 

jSuffalo Valley — Mr. and Mrs. Emory 
Siers were delegates to the district 
S iday school convention at the Sugar 
\ ley church. The young adult class 
s nsored a Halloween party for the 
e ire congregation. It was held in the 
bjement of the new parsonage, which 
v| hope to have completed by spring. 
I j November we packed relief clothing 
tioe sent to New Windsor, Md. The 
c Ldren's department presented a 
JIfUARY 27. 1962 



The church's changing role in social welfare 



Compassion and Community 

Haskell M. Miller 

Dr. Miller is concerned to restore not only communication but 
also direction and dynamic to the relations between church and 
social agencies, which were once so intimately connected. To 
this end he examines the historic background of modern social 
welfare in America, then the situation as it exists between 
church and administration, the social worker and the various 
agencies. $3.50 

CHURCH of Ihe BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. Illinois 



Christmas program. The youth decor- 
ated the sanctuary for this event. — Mrs. 
Richard Zechman, Lewisburg, Pa. 

Eastern Maryland 

University Park — The pastor, Philip 
E. Norris, officiated at the communion 
on World Communion Sunday. The 
women's fellowship attended the work- 
shop for the Eastern Maryland women 
at Camp Woodbrook on Oct. 7. Mrs. 
Gerald Brickett was the speaker for the 
women's fellowship meeting in October 
when the officers were installed. The 
pastor delivered the sermon one evening 
at the Twelfth Street Christian church 
in Washington, D. C. He was assisted 
by the young people and the senior 
choir. This is a Negro church with a 
Nigerian. Ph.D. candidate serving as 
pastor. The congregation has bought 
three lots across the street from the 
church, and the men are making a 
parking lot. In the absence of our pas- 
tor, Donald Alter, one of the licensed 
ministers, preached. Bro. C. Wayne 
Zunkel of Harrisburg, Pa., conducted a 
preaching mission the first week in No- 
vember. The young people were in 
charge of the Thanksgiving service as- 
sisted by two of the choirs. The youth 
presented a play and the children a 
program at the Christmas party on Dec. 
17. The women are rolling bandages 
and making nightshirts for a Nigerian 
hospital. On Sunday, Dec. 24, six 
babies were dedicated — Irene Smith, 
Hyattsville, Md. 

Tennessee 

Jackson Park — Our church has co- 
operated in many activities outside the 
local congregation. The young people 
attended summer camps at Camp Placid, 
adults went to district workshops, a 
group attended the district rally, and 



our pastor participated in joint Easter 
services in the city and in the pulpit ex- 
change in the district. Twelve have 
been baptized, and nine received by 
letter. The revival was held by Bro. 
Ova Edwards, and his son, Chadwick, 
was the song leader. The church con- 
tributed to the Share Our Surplus pro- 
gram, to clothing for relief, and to the 
Brotherhood fund. The parsonage fund 
is growing each year with a certain 
amount being placed in the budget for 
this purpose. We had a Christmas pro- 
gram on Dec. 22. The young aciults 
have a fellowship meeting each month 
and are studying topics of general in- 
terest. — Mrs. Roy E. Clarke, Johnson 
City, Tenn. 

Second Virginia 

Pleasant Hill — Our congregation was 
host to the members and friends of the 
Oak Grove church at McHenry, Md., on 
the 30th of July. After a picnic dinner, 
we went with them through the Grand 
Caverns. On Sept. 10, one of the Gid- 
eons told about their program of fur- 
nishing Bibles to servicemen and nurses. 
We have drilled a well on the church 
ground and have good drinking water 
in an unlimited supply. The board of 
finance conducted an every-member 
canvass which has been beneficial in 
attendance, tithes, and offerings. On 
Oct. 22, thirty-seven of our people were 
guests of the Oak Grove church. The 
trip included a visit to Deep Creek 
Lake, Oakland, Accident, and Black- 
water Falls and Canyon. Bro. Beverly 
Smith, pastor of the Summit church 
near Bridgewater, Va., conducted the 
revival services the first week of No- 
vember. Six were added to the church. 
During the last week of November, the 
pastor, Bro. Ross Speicher, served as the 
chaplain-of-the-week at the Waynesboro 

SI 



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Community hospital. — Mrs. Mary Sul- 
livan, Grottoes, Va. 

Southern Virginia 
Beaver Creek — Mrs. Laureen Reed 
directed the vacation Bible school in 
June. Bro. Maurice Wright served as 
part-time pastor and was evangelist for 
our meetings. During his ministry, 
seven were baptized and two received 
by letter. Our church was host to the 
district junior high rally. Mrs. EfBe 
Thomas and Mrs. India Dickerson were 
delegates to the district conference at 
Topeco. Bro. Frank Layman ofiBciated 
at the installation of three deacons and 
their wives in August, Mr. and Mrs. 
Paul Spangler and Mr. and Mrs. GrifBe 



H. Dickerson and Percy Reed. A group 
of women with Mrs. Herman Spangler 
had charge of the closing service for the 
women's fellowship rally at the Chris- 
tiansburg church. We observed our love 
feast on Oct. 21. Bro. Maurice Wright 
officiated, assisted by Bro. Graham Sow- 
ers of Lexington, N. C. Brother Sowers 
is now serving as part-time pastor. — 
India Dickerson, Floyd, Va. 

First West Virginia 
Bean Settlement — The highlight of 
the past year was the vacation Bible 
school with Mrs. Ray Peters, Mrs. 
Perry Riggleman, and Mrs. Lynn Bean 
at teachers, assisted by Mrs. Leland 
Ruckman, Mrs. Lloyd Poland, and Mrs. 



9 ^a6. a Bt^antf^en. 



RUTH B. STATLER 

Plotted in simple fashion, this novel tells the 
experiences of a German girl from the time 
she first hears about the high school student 
exchange program, through her weeks of 
competing for a place in the program, her 
voyage to America, and her year in this 
country, on to her return to her home. Dur- 
ing her stay in the States she was the foster 
daughter in a Brethren home in Pennsylvania. For youth and 
adults. $3.00 



CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. Illinois 




32 



Roy Heare. A program was present 
at the close of the school. Bro. Hira 
Gingrich of Lebanon, Pa., conducted 
revival, Aug. 7-19, which closed wi 
the love feast. Three of our childr' 
attended junior camp and one of o, 
adults was a counselor at the sar| 
camp. A home and family life pi 
was presented by the West Mar 
CBYF. We had a Christmas prograij 
— Mrs. Evelyn Bean, Rock Oak, W. V| 






in 

the 
Church 

FLORENCE B. LEE 

This book offers help in the 
areas of understanding pri- 
mary boys and girls, estab- 
lishing and working toward 
objectives, providing a cli- 
mate for growth, using the 
Bible, and in the techniques 
and methods of teaching 
which will enable teachers 
to guide boys and girls to- 
ward the great objective 
of Christian education — the 
new person in Jesus Christ. 
$3.00 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



GOSPEL MESSENGE 



"?^-yV; 



.< 



Gospel 



Mmm 



WEST SIDE STORY 

The Mony Faces o^ First Church 

by Richard N. Miller 




FEBRUARY 3. 1962 




HOSEA: 

The Disillusioned Lover 

by C. Wayne Zunkel 



IF WINTER COMES . . . " 

by May Allread Baker 




Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdom Come" 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE . . . to the edit 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles a 
news. Letters shoiold be brief and brotherly. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
IlL, at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service. 
Ecumenical Press Service 

FEBRUARY 3, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 5 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Did We Let Communists Into the 
World Council? Edward K. Ziegler 3 

The General Forum — 

West Side Story. The Many Faces of 
First Church. Richard N. Miller ... 4 

Hosea: a Disillusioned Lover. C. 
Wayne Zunkel 8 

Rehabilitation of Youth. 

Carl S. Smucker 12 

A Meditation on Married Love. 

Ross Snyder 14 

"If Winter Comes ..." 

May Allread Baker 18 

Church of the Brethren Washington 
Representative 20 

John Flory — Teacher, Writer, Church- 
man. Paul H. Bowman 20 

Reviews of Recent Books 23 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

Dateline 21 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 24 

Church News 27 

Our Contributors 

Edward K. Ziegler, pastor of the 
Oakton church. Eastern Virginia, was 
one of the official Church of the Breth- 
ren representatives at the New Delhi 
Assembly of the World Council. 

Richard N. Miller, pastor of the 
Prince of Peace church. Southern Ohio, 
writes the story of First church, Chi- 
cago, in a changing community; the 
first half of the story appears in this 
issue. 

C. Wayne Zunkel, whose second ar- 
ticle in the series on three prophets is 
in this issue, is pastor of the Harrisburg 
church. Eastern Pennsylvania. 

Carl S. Smucker, employed by the 
Illinois Youth Commission, is a counse- 
lor of youth. 



What Is Repentance? 

Repentance is not a set of rules 
carefully carried out or a sudden 
change to a heavenly life. Repent- 
ance is a state of being, a way of 
life, Christ's way. 

The Word of God (the Bible) con- 
victs us of our utter hopelessness and 
lostness to sin. The Holy Spirit con- 
vinces us of our need of help. Christ 
then becomes real. He becomes our 
help, our Savior and Lord. This is 
when and only when we're truly bom 
again. It's by his word and spirit 
that we are regenerated. 

When this new birth has taken 
place, then his ordinances, his church 
and his will become our desire. 

As we live repentance people seem 
better, the world seems to take on 
new meaning, and last, but not least, 
we ourselves become new as Rev. 
21:5b says, "Behold, I make all 
things new. . . ." 

After true repentance, obedience, 
loyalty, service, and all the graces of 
love will be toward Christ and his 
church, from our heart and not from 
our head. — Donald L. Lineburg, 
Vienna, Va. 

Anointing Experience 

After reading "Anointing with Oil 
for Healing," by Fred Miller (Dec. 2 
issue), I must speak of my anointing 
experience. 

In July 1955 I had very minor 
surgery which my doctor recom- 
mended because of one chance in a 
hundred of its revealing malignancy. 
So I was quite confident that every- 
thing would be all right. Several 
days later when the biopsy report 
came back my world crashed about 
me. No one knows, except those who 
have experienced it, what it feels 
like to be told something like this: 
"The report is pre-invasive cancer 
suggestive of squamous." In the 
meantime I was awaiting a call to go 
back into the hospital for a fifty-one 
hour radium treatment. 

It is hard to find words to express 
my feelings that first night. I slept 
but little. The next day I called for 
the anointing service. From the time 
of the anointing a feeling of peace 
and complete trust in the Lord re- 
placed the rebellion and frustration 
I had felt. Then began a wonderful 
experience with my Lord. The 
anointing service enabled me, by his 
grace, to leave everything as a trust- 
ful child in the Father's hands. Six 



weeks after the radium treatme 
which made me quite ill, I 
twenty-six X-ray treatments whi 
were a real trial. Today, nearly 
and one-half years later, I am si 
all right although I must have reg 
lar checkups. — Reader. 



1; 



« 



Do Not Sacrifice Principles 

In regard to the letter in the D( 
23rd issue by John Woodard, I woi 
say: It would surely be wonder 
if all churches could really be unit 
on the principles of the gospel, 
they were originally laid down 
our Lord, and the apostles who w« 
true followers of his. Of course, 
have never had reason to think tl 
the wearing of ties, or beards, or 1 
possession of photographs should 
any way become an issue in our f 
lowing of our Lord or practicing 
things which he taught. But I wot 
not agree to the sacrificing or char 
ing of any of the principles as tb 
are laid down in the Book! 

Of course, we can worship w 
other churches, so long as we i 
here to the teachings of our Lo: 

It seems to me, that we may ha 
already, in some instances perha; 
made too many concessions, there 
hindering our objective in our w( 
for the Lord. 

So I would suggest that we res 
to much thinking and much praj 
before we agree to uniting or a 
solidating with any other church 
whose faith or practices are at va 
ance with our own. 

Of course, we would do well 
remember that there is really oi 
one church: the church which Cb 
established. 

The names which we apply 
"churches" mean little. But folio 
ing Christ and the principles whi 
he laid down is all important. 

"Do not be conformed to i 
world but be transformed by the 
newal of your mind!" — Henry 
McClure, 432 Walnut St., Knoxvil 
Tenn. 



k 



I 



li 



"Karl Marx or Jesus Christ?" by Jc 
C. Middlekauff was excellent! Comn 
nism cannot be wished away. We si 
win converts to the democratic way 
life by Christlike deeds of mercy i 
by proving that our system actually p 
vides more justice, freedom, and eqv 
ity than communism. — Foster Myi 
Kearney, Nebr. 

GOSPEL MESSENG 



is 



lid We Let Communists Into the World Council? 



Guest Editorial by Edward E. Ziegler 

pHURCH OF THE BRETHREN delegates 
'^ joined with more than a hundred fifty 
c'ler church delegations in voting to admit the 
(thodox Church of Russia to membership in 
te World Council of Churches at the New 
Ij'lhi Assembly on November 20, 1961. Before 
a[d since, there have been serious questions by 
s cere Christians, as well as loud outcries and 
i se accusations by the apostles of discord about 
t s action. 

Let us examine and seek to answer the 
h aest inquiries about this area of World Coun- 
c Assembly action. 

Why did you and others allow the Russian 
C'lirchto come in? Because it is a church. The 
\ 3rld Council is a religious body, not political, 
/^plications for membership are judged on the 
I sis of religious belief, stated as follows: "The 
\3rld Council of Churches is a fellowship of 
cjrches which confess the Lord Jesus Christ 
a God and Savior according to the Scriptures 
ad therefore seek to fulfill together their com- 
nm calling to the glory of the one God, Father, 
Sn, and Holy Spirit." 

; The Orthodox Church of Russia fully ac- 
CDted this basis and sought to become a mem- 
br church in order to share in the faith and 
L ; of the whole church of Christ by such mem- 
fcrship. On the same grounds, Presbyterian, 
Itheran, Congregational, Baptist, Anglican, 
piformed, and Pentecostal churches were voted 
ijo membership at this assembly. We dele- 
g;es voted to admit all these churches because 
Vi had every reason to believe their applica- 
tns were made in good faith, and we believed 
tj!y should be admitted as brethren in Christ. 

But is not the Russian Church Communist? 
Le church in Russia has had unrelenting oppo- 
s on from the government ever since the 
Elshevik revolution in 1917. No Communist 
Firty member in the Soviet Union is permitted 
t( retain church membership. Russian church- 
n n do not pubhcly question their govem- 
n nt's political structure or its economic 
t; ories. Indeed, some of them heartily defend 
t. m. But the Soviet government is determined 
t; stamp out the church, and make the nation 
a.iation of atheists. At this point the govern- 
nnt and the church are in bitter and head-on 
Cjiflict. The Russian Church leaders will make 
I compromise at this point, come what may. 

The government and all its agencies and 

F RUARY 3, 1962 



its controlled press say that science and religion 
are irreconcilable. They teach that Christian 
faith is based upon falsehoods. The Russian 
Church, on the other hand, insists that science 
and religion stand side by side, and that the 
God who created the world which science ex- 
plores has revealed his heart and mind in the 
incarnation and in the Scriptures. The church 
is engaged in a life-and-death struggle to make 
the nation Christian, rather than atheist. 

But is this really a church? The Orthodox 
churches, including the Russian, hold them- 
selves to be truly the mother churches of Chris- 
tendom. They are in direct descent from the 
earliest churches at Antioch and Jerusalem. 
They accept the basis of membership in the 
council unreservedly. The Russian Church 
maintains worship in churches filled to over- 
flowing. Their liturgy and music are rich and 
beautiful. 

Is the church in Russia free? It is free in its 
internal affairs. It is not free to make pronounce- 
ments in international or political affairs. But it 
is not enslaved. The government wants to turn 
people away from the church but cannot dictate 
what Christians shall believe or how they shall 
worship. And between thirty and fifty million 
Christians in Russia, despite persecution and the 
discrimination practiced against them by the 
Soviet state, choose to be counted as Christians 
and adhere to the Orthodox Church. 

Will the Russians not infiltrate the council 
with communism? We have seen no reason to 
believe that any member of the delegation has 
tried to do so. In small groups and sections, 
delegates from the Russian Church talked like 
responsible and devout Christian leaders. Let 
us suppose, however, as stated in some of the 
less responsible charges, that one or more of the 
Russian delegates were Communist police agents 
in disguise. Should we fear this confrontation? 
Is it not likely that even such a person might so 
encounter the grace of Cod that he might be 
converted? It has happened before, and under 
God it may happen again. Such expressions as 
"wolves in sheep's clothing," have been used. 
But in God's eyes — and I pray in Brethren eyes 
— these are not wolves or sheep; they are men, 
my brothers for whom Christ died. Therefore, 
we should not fear such an attempt, but remain 
very alert, and seek by our ministry of reconcilia- 
tion to convert to Christ any such intmder 
should he come. 

In conclusion, of all people, we Brethren 

Continued on page 11 




West Side Ston 



The symbol speaks of the 
mission of First church. The 
circle symbolizes the world, 
with God's reconciliation in 
Jesus Christ breaking into 
the world through the cross, 
even into the heart of 
Chicago's West Side! That is 
God's activity. But he has 
given the church a ministry 
of reconciliation within 
the world: that regardless 
of race or belief or economic 
situation, men shall join 
hands in a brotherhood 
of life and service 



« 



Th Many Faces of First Chum 



by Richard N. Miller 



I 



\ 



THERE is nothing particularly unusual or interestil 
about Chicago's First church when viewed from t 
outside. Standing at Congress Parkway and Central Pai 
it looks like any other Brethren church. To the visitor 
the city, only the surroundings make it different. 

Behind and below the corner on which I stood, 
average of two hundred cars and trucks per minute we 
speeding and grinding their way on the new eight-la 
Congress Expressway that stretches like a concrete ribb 
from the Chicago Loop to the belt toll road that encircl 
the city. 

In the center a Rapid Transit train flashed in t 
sunlight, whisking some two hundred commuters eve 
five minutes from the suburbs to the heart of the city ai 
points in between — a run of seventy-five blocks in tweni 
five minutes. 

Above me was passing a commercial airhner headi 
for Midway ( once the busiest airport in the world ) or t 
new O'Hare field (soon to be the busiest) where 
hundred jetliners land and take off in a day for poii 
east, west, north, and south. 

On either side of where I stood were paper-strei 
gutters, mud-splattered sidewalks, soot-coated stone a 
brick homes and apartment houses, and patches of gi 
struggling against the odds of the inner city. 

In front of me stood the church, recently sandblas 
to reveal a red structure trimmed with cream-coloi 
brick; a three-foot strip of grass reminding it of its ruj 
heritage; an old bell tower no longer the home of mui 
a bulletin board announcing services in English, Spani 
and Chinese; and solid-looking doors that are loci 
against the terrors of the city. 

To the people on the expressway, if they notice itM^^ 
all, it is a church on a hill. To the pilot above, it i: 
speck on the full-scale relief map of Chicago. To i 
impersonal community that surrounds it, First church 

GOSPEL MESSEN 



mply another building in the 
implex of urban Hfe. But to 
increasing number of per- 
ms, First church is what inner 
ty churchman George Webber 
ills "God's colony in man's 
'orld." 

The big double doors, recent- 
' painted red, are locked, but 

is not difficult to gain en- 
ance. Conspicuous is the but- 
)n that activates the door 
iiime, bringing music to the 
krs of the disinherited and 
itrance to the needy, the curi- 
as and the professional beggar 
iiike. 

Through these doors pass an 
itimated 500 persons per week 
) participate in a diversified 
irogram that ministers to all 
orts and conditions of men, 

omen and children, white, 
jegro, Latin American and 
hinese — a program that in- 



cludes released time weekday 
religious education, girls' club, 
craftsmen club, scouting, choirs, 
discussion groups, membership 
seminars, and, durmg the sum- 
mer, a six-week day camp, a 
two-week daily vacation Bible 
school, and, of course, all Sun- 
days the church school and wor- 
ship services. 

Not all the program is carried 
on within the church building. 
Take, for example, the women's 
fellowship that meets in homes, 
the Saturday gym classes for 
some seventy community chil- 
dren and youth in the Bethany 
Seminary gymnasium a block 
away; the Latin American vol- 
leyball team, the basketball 
and Softball teams that play at 
the YMCA; and an interracial 
bowling fellowship that meets 
in a commercial establishment. 

The doors of the church open 



both ways. Of equal import- 
ance are the people who walk 
through these doors to serve in 
the community — some to oper- 
ate through the small group 
process to offer fellowship to 
lonely people; some to knock 
on doors and make phone calls; 
some to offer a Christlike con- 
cern through informal contact; 
and some to operate within 
community organizations such 
as the block clubs and the 
Bradley Honore Neighborhood 
Association, chaired for some 
years by Clair Petcher, a tnjstee 
at the church. 

Without seeing the people of 
the church, one senses that this 
church is different from the 
White Oaks and the Bethel 
Centers and the Pleasant Hills. 
A passing look at the names in 
the church directory will reveal 
such Brethren names as Iken- 



To many persons in the inner city, First church is "God's colony in man's world' 




I'.BRUARY 3, 1962 



berry, Eller, Miller, Eby, Meyer, 
and Wine. But you will also 
see names like Arroyo, Biggers, 
Bruzzichesi, Caliguri, De la 
Garcia, Chen, Jezek, Justiniano, 
Moy, Bertuca, Quan, Smith, 
Tse, Vera, Valesquez, Yatabe, 
Walkers, Wilson, White, Wong, 
Woo, and Zayas — which are 
now Brethren names, too. 

The face of First church is a 
round, full face — strained by 
the distance between its mem- 
bers, yet a face that shows char- 
acter and devotion. Take Silas 
and Emma Keim. This couple 
in their eighties can be found in 
worship almost every Sunday in 
spite of the fact that they live 
south of 121st Street and must 
spend one and a half hours on 
public transportation each way. 
Families come from as far 
west as Hillside, Elmhurst, La 
Grange and Downers Grove and 
from as far north as Skokie, 
some in excess of fifteen miles. 
Yet, for some reason not obvi- 
ous to the casual observer, they 
will pass more attractive sub- 
urban churches to carry on their 
ministry through First church. 

In terms of membership, the 
congregation numbers 346 resi- 
dent and 120 nonresident per- 
sons. Most of the Sunday 
morning attenders come from 
outside the immediate commu- 
nity. In the one mile square area 
around First church where 121 
regular attenders were living a 
year ago, only 69 are living now. 
Some who move away remain 
active. Others move both their 
residence and their member- 
ship. This is the trend. A con- 



gregation not far from this one 
must receive ninety new mem- 
bers each year just to hold its 
own. For First church it is 
thirty-six at present. 

Already the questions are be- 
ginning to form. Aheady the 
assumptions are being made. 
Already the suspicions are com- 
ing to the fore. The face of 
First church is not the face of 
any other church. It is a unique 
face, distinctive, a face intent 
upon its mission. 

It is a face that is constantly 
changing — reflecting the chang- 
ing complexion of the West 
Side, and yet, in a very real 
sense, changing the face of its 
community. It is both the mir- 
ror of its parish and the mirror 
of what Christ would like to see 
it become — and not the per- 
fect reflection of either. 

But to the weekend visitor, 
Chicago's First Church of the 
Brethren is not one face or two 
faces, but five faces. The faces 
are personified by the staff. 

Senior minister is Earle W. 
Fike, Jr., thirty-one, Caucasian; 
and associates : Thomas Wilson, 
thirty-one, Negro; Robert Frit- 
ter, twenty-seven, Caucasian; 
Fabricio Guzman, forty-two, 
from Mexico; and Philip Loh 
( pronounced Law ) , thirty-four, 
from China. 

The staff is youthful and, as 
far as pastoral experience is con- 
cerned, inexperienced. For Bob, 
Tom, and Fab, this is the first 
pastorate. For Earle and Philip, 
this is the second. 

I asked why it is that such 
young men have been given so 



e> 



pa 



To the close of the nineteenth century the Church of the 
Brethren has been almost entirely a rural church. ... It is generally 
accepted that the newest and most apparent opportunities for the 
church today are around the bulging edges of our growing cities. 
Rural methods are not all suitable for building strong urban 
churches . . . 

Annual Conference Minutes, 1953 



much responsibihty. The 
pression indicated that they ha 
not given much thought to tt 
question before, and then wit 
the look of near surprise the 
observed almost in uniso) 
"There aren't many older 
tors in the inner city." 

The reasons may be two: tl 
inner city calls for a speci 
kind of energy and a freedo: 
from the "we've always done 
this way" sort of thinking, ar 
the younger men with young 
children find it easier, thouj; 
far from easy, on their familie; 

Someone might add that oni 
since 1948 with the founding i 
the East Harlem project in Nej lot 
York City has cooperative Pre! \ 
estantism attempted to be rel 
vant to the changing city ai 
there is something inherent | ■ 
dangerous, demanding, pionee 
ing work that attracts the decf 
cated younger man and 1 
wife. j 

The most noticeable thii 
about the ministerial staff, ne 
to their faces, is the cleric 
garb. Like the Brethren min 
ters of days forgotten, these mi 
wear no ties. Instead, in th< 
community work, white cleric 
collars and a pale blue sh 
(blue to distinguish them frc 
the Roman Catholic priests w" 
wear black) are the style 

They are not being differe 
from other Brethi-en paste 
simply to be on the cutti 
edge, nor are they doing 
simply because other inner c; 
Protestant pastors are doing 
Rather, it is bom of the conv 
tion that in an impersonal c: 
they need an immediate iden 

To the stranger who respon 
to the doorbell at night, pe 
ing through the crack made 
a door somewhat open yet be ^ 
ed securely with a chain lat( 
the collar is a symbol that ti 
person comes as a friend. 

To the beaten, the discQi 
aged and to the wisely cautio 

GOSPEL MESSENC 



ert Fritter 
Associate 
Minister 



W. Fike 
Minister 






Phflip Loh 

Chinese 
Minister 




las Wilson 

Associate 

Minister 







mcio 
zman 
anish 
oister 




the garb is the symbol that here 
is a man that one may smile at 
with no fear, speak to and not 
be turned away, that one may 
approach with concerns and 
problems and not be used in re- 
turn. 

To the ministers themselves, 
it means that they go nowhere 
incognito. They go always as 
men sent from God. It means 
protection, depending on the 
person they confront and his 
feehngs about God and the 
church and man in general. 

I asked the question you 
would ask: "Doesn't the cleri- 
cal garb set you off from the 
community, making an unreal 
distinction between the clergy 
and the layman?" 

The answer was: "It sets us 
off from the rent collector, the 
plain clothesman, the would-be 
assailant, and makes us closer 
than one's telephone. It is a 
real help in time of trouble." 

The answer did not satisfy 
completely, but I realized that 
the knock at the door was not 
a fearsome thing for me — for I 
live in suburbia. 

There were some things that 
neither the garb nor the faces 
revealed. Hidden was the moti- 
vation of these men. Bob Frit- 
ter's presence in this situation 
as one with special responsibili- 
ties for the Sunday school and 
club program cannot be under- 
stood apart from the fact that 
he grew up in the shadow of 
the capitol building, a kid off 
the street in Washington, D.C., 
around the block from race riots 
and rumbles, who knows first- 
hand as a member of the Wash- 
ington city congregation what 
the church can mean. 

Hidden is the background. 
Philip Loh, for example, was a 
minister in the Christian and 
Missionary Alliance Church in 
Vietnam, born in South China, 
stopped off in Hong Kong be- 
fore coming to the United States 
two and a half years ago. On 



the Sunday I was present, he 
preached in English and in 
Chinese. 

Hidden also is the work 
schedule. Fabricio Guzman, the 
only part-time minister of the 
five, is a full-time worker on the 
assembly line at Hotpoint, at- 
tends Bethany Bible Training 
School, does pastoral work 
among the Spanish-speaking 
persons of the community, con- 
ducts a worship service with a 
sermon in his native language, 
and is both a husband and a 
father. Fab, bom and reared in 
Mexico, was formerly Roman 
Catholic, came to Chicago to 
visit, married, joined the Doug- 
las Park Church of the Brethren, 
and was recently licensed. 

Hidden are the individual 
abilities as well. As one observ- 
er puts it, "In the minds of too 
many, inner city work is re- 
garded as the Siberia of ecclesi- 
astical preferment." Earle Fike, 
however, is of the new breed. 
A native of Virginia, a pastor in 
Pennsylvania, Earle chose to 
accept the call to First church 
four years ago. This unlikely 
choice was preceded by an- 
other: the decision to be a 
pastor when the possibilities of 
being a coach held promise for 
a man of his athletic ability. 
That he is not a denominational 
castoff who has gravitated to 
the inner city is evidenced by 
the fact that two years ago the 
Annual Conference elected him 
to the General Brotherhood 
Board. 

Hidden is the dedication, the 
reality that inner city work is 
being presented as a vocation 
to which new men are commit- 
ting their lives. Tom Wilson, 
bom to early maturity in New 
Orleans, has studied at both 
Chicago Theological Seminary 
and Bethany. At present he is 
serving First church full-time, 
but employed by the Chicago 
City Missionary Society and in- 

Continued on page 11 



^lURUARY 3, IP62 




Joseph Binder 



HOSEA: 



by C. Wayne Zunkel 

a disillusioned lovei 



THE prophet Amos preached during the 
reign of Jeroboam II, king of Israel. Dur- 
ing the closing days of the reign of Jeroboam 
and in the midst of the chaotic days that fol- 
lowed, a second of the writing prophets ap- 
peared. His name was Hosea. 

The fact that his father's name is mentioned 
seems to indicate that Hosea came from a family 
of some social importance, living perhaps on a 
modest rural estate. Hosea, in our terms, was 
"a country gentleman." 

Religion in Israel was polluted by foreign 
influences. The Hebrews had allowed alien 
ideas and practices to be interwoven with their 
faith. In their day, to follow foreign gods meant 
the acceptance of a foreign way of life as well. 
The Baal worship of their pagan neighbors in- 
volved certain religious practices around the 
idea of fertility. These people had temple 



prostitutes who were hired out to the worshiper; 

Evidently this thing came to make inroad 
among the Hebrew people. Amos had de 
nounced this perversion of their life and woi 
ship. He had talked of a man and his fathe 
going in to the same maiden, and he said thes 
practices and this rehgion were wrong. Hose 
picked up this concern. 

More than this, Hosea was also conceme mj 
about the political decisions being made. As 
Syria to the north and east had begun to threate 
Israel's political independence. Israel, there 
fore, had turned to Egypt on the south and wei 
for help. Egypt was eager to make promises t 
Israel and pledges of help in the hope thd ji 
little Palestine would serve as an effective buffe 
against Assyria. 

Israel was in the position of many small im 
tions in Europe and Asia today, caught betwee 

GOSPEL MESSENGB 



*»[ 



i\ 



le pressures of Russia and the United States 
id eager to turn to one or the other for military 
d, not reahzing that such military installations, 

case war comes, could well mean that they 
ould be the first to be crushed, absorbing the 
lock of the onslaught. Let's face it : if there is 
ar over Berlin chances are there will not be 
ly Berlin. 

More clearly than any other man in the 
ngdom, Hosea saw the folly of the alliance 
ith Egypt, and he denounced it with all his 
ight. My nation, he said, "is like a dove, silly, 
id without sense, calling to Egypt . . ." He 
as convinced that such an alliance could only 
iger the Assyrians and hasten the day when 
leir land would be overrun. 

And history proved him right. Less than 
venty years after Hosea closed his ministry, 
le northern kingdom of Israel ceased to exist, 
he Assyrians came down in force, leveled the 
ipital, and carried oflF some 27,000 people into 
ivery. The nation passed off the stage of 
story and was never again to play a decisive 
lie, and for the very reasons that Hosea had 
5clared — a combination of a polluted religion, 
life that had become filled with immorality, 
id foolish, corrupt politics. 

Hosea's earlier sermons consisted of harsh 
enunciations of his people and their ways. He 
as keenly sensitive to their sin, their immorali- 
; he was passionate in his pleas that the 
ition should keep clear of military alliances. 
e spoke with deep passion, giving scathing 
nidemnations. 

But there was a turning point in the life of 
osea. It did not change his basic concerns. 
hey remained the same. But it changed Hosea. 
nd it changed completely the manner in which 
3 gave his message. The change came about 
ecause of great tragedy and heartache in his 
fe. 

Scholars divide on their interpretation of the 
ook. Hosea was married to a woman who was 
jie of the temple prostitutes. Verse 2 of the 
TSt chapter which tells of Hosea's marrying her 
ui also be intei*preted to read that when he 
I tarried her she was simply "one inclined toward 
arlotry" and not necessarily already a harlot at 
le time of their marriage. 

Some scholars feel she turned prostitute after 
16 marriage. Other scholars insist on a literal 
iterpretation of those opening verses, saying 
is wife was a prostitute when he manied her, 
lat their marriage might become a living il- 
istration of the spiritual truths he wanted to 
)ach. Floyd Mallott has suggested that maybe 
le was a harlot when Hosea married her, or at 

SBRUARY 3, 1962 



least a rather wild girl, but that perhaps when 
Hosea fell in love with her he was a naive young 
man, blind in his love, not fully aware of what 
she was. 

Hosea's wife was named Gomer. The fact 
that her father's name is mentioned indicates 
that she, too, came from a prominent home, 
probably the daughter of one of the small rural 
landed aristocrats. If not before their marriage, 
then sometime early in their marriage, Gomer 
became a part of the immoral rites practiced at 
the pagan shrines. She was not sold into the 
life as some were; she entered of her own free 
will. It is possible she did so for religious rea- 
sons which to her seemed justified. 

But the tragedy was not any less because 
it may have been prompted by religious moti- 
vation. The blow to Hosea was just as real. 
Indeed, if religious conviction was involved, 
the blow was compounded because there was 
coupled with it a rejection of his faith. How 
hard for one whose entire life was given over 
to the sharing of strong religious convictions. 

Their first child was named after the Hebrew 
town of Jezreel, which had long been associated 
with some of the bloodiest chapters in Israel's 
history. Hosea gave the name to the child as a 
sort of living sermon to the nation against mili- 
tarism and the bloody house of Jehu whose 
descendant still sat on the throne. The name 
was a protest against the proposed alhance with 
Egypt and an appeal to the nation to remain 
neutral and keep out of the impending war. 
Hosea was announcing the doom of his country 
because it oppressed the poor and spilled their 
blood in senseless war. 

The second child was called "Not pitied." 
This name, too, is a sermon of stem judgment 
to a nation showing no sign of repenting, and 
it reveals that Hosea's heart at this point was 
bitter and unloving. Surely God would show 
no pity for such a wayward nation. 

Hosea called the third child "Not my people," 
once again a sermon of judgment — God has 
cast his people off because of their sin. The 
Hebrews believed they were a chosen people. 
They convinced themselves that God was on 
their side and that he would never cast them 
off. Hosea is trying to impress on them that 
sinning is terrible business, that they can, if 
they choose, exclude themselves from the circle 
of God's love. He was trying to convince them 
of a truth which no people in history ha\ e quite 
been willing to accept: "It can happen here." 
You too can fall; your nation can be destroyed 
as other nations before you have fallen and been 
destroyed. 



And then, many scholars feel, came this 
great personal crisis in Hosea's own life. He 
became aware that his wife was a prostitute. 
She left him and began to sink deeper and deep- 
er into a life of sin. She sank to the lowest level 
of society; until at last, one day, Hosea found 
her for sale as a common slave. 

But he loved her. Through all her sin, he 
loved her. His heart was torn with aching. He 
was tempted to respond in anger, to cast her 
off, to hate her, to try to forget her. But he loved 
her. And when he saw her for sale on a slave 
block — dirty, haggard, her beauty and her life 
spent — he took his own money and bought her 
and took her home with him — not that she 
might live as a slave but that he might seek 
through love to win back her love. 

Tormented in soul, he came to see that if 
he so loved his wife, Gomer, who had wronged 
him, then God, who is so much greater, must 
also love the wayward Hebrew nation. The 
Israelite people had played the harlot. They, 
too, had thrown away their virtue in their mad 
pursuit of other gods. They were sinful and 
fallen. But even as he could not turn his back 
and cast out Gomer though she gleefully tor- 
mented him with her life of sin, even so God's 
heart must reach out in love for his people. 

Hosea experienced profound personal pain, 
and gradually a vast change was wrought in the 
heart of this able spokesman who had a keen 
mind and a powerful message. Hosea's concerns 
continued. But no longer did he pour out scald- 
ing denunciations. Now entered the possibility 
of love but not in any personal sense. To Hosea 
it was love toward the nation. But it was a 
strong love, the kind of love a husband may 
come to hold toward an erring wife. 

And his sermons changed. They came to be 
models of tenderness. With an emotional, wild- 
ly beautiful poetry he wrote in intimate terms. 
Hosea has come to be thought of as the John of 
the Old Testament because of his tenderness 
and his emphasis on love. And with the excep- 
tion of Isaiah and the Psalms, Hosea is quoted 
more by the New Testament writers than any 
other Old Testament book. 

With great afiFection Hosea referred to the 
nation as "Ephraim" no less than thirty-six times. 
Ephraim was the son of Joseph adopted by his 
sick grandfather, Jacob, and had therefore re- 
ceived the blessing of Jacob which by custom 
should have been bestowed on Jacob's eldest 
son. So when Hosea used this term, Ephraim, 
he spoke out of deep love. Hosea's own deep 
tragedy had served to correct his vision, to 
temper it with love. 

10 




Antonio Francisco Lisboa 

This sculpture of Hosea stands in the courtyard of tb 
church at Congonhas de Campo, in a Brazilian stat 

GOSPEL MESSENGE 



And tragedy may correct our vision. We, 
o, can become obsessed with ideas which are 
?ry true and very right. But it is possible some- 
mes to come to the place where we are more 
: love with our ideas than we are with people. 

is possible to be right and yet to be so petty 
id disagreeable in our rightness as to be wrong. 
Sometimes for us, as for Hosea, soul-search- 
ig takes place only as we taste heartache or 
grsonal defeat. Sometimes we need to be hurt 
sfore mellowing can take place and we come 

know that forgiving love is also essential for 
s if we are to come to an adequate understand- 
ig of our universe and if we are to come to an 
iequate understanding of hfe itself. 



Did We Let Communists 
Into the World Council? 

Continued from page 3 

should welcome any opportunity to strengthen 
ties of Christian brotherhood with believers be- 
hind the so-called iron curtain and should not 
fear opportunities to share our witness and our 
ministry of reconciliation. Even should the fore- 
bodings of the most bitter critics be correct, it 
will only provide us with one more frontier for 
living and proclaiming the gospel of the cruci- 
fied and risen Lord. God is at work among his 
people in Communist lands, and we ought to 
stay close to him, even there. 



West Side Story 

Continued from page 7 

olved in their one-year inten- 
ve intern program for those 
ho plan to minister where the 
rass is pavement and the needs 
re real. 

No observer could be honest 
/ithout noting where these five 
aces hve. Bob and Tom live a 
latter of doors from the church, 
ab near the Douglas Park 
]hurch, Philip north some 
iiiles, and Earle in Oak Park. 

It is not an easy decision. The 
'ritters and Wilsons have chil- 
Iren of below school age. The 
''ikes have a second and a 
ourth grader with a prospective 
Irst grader. Those who live in 
he community are cautious 
bout making statements that 
hey may someday wish to re- 
ract. All seem to feel that it is 
)est to live in the community in 
vhich one serves, which the 
'^ikes did until the overcrowd- 
;d schools became unbearable. 
Unfortunately, one's absence 
nakes one unavailable and 
;ometimes makes one's words 
lollow," was one comment. 

The others were quick to 
3oint out that Earle still serves 
^'ithin the larger community of 
he Brethren spread to the 
ar comers of the Chicago en- 

FEBRUARY 3, iq62 



virons and that his present 
residence does not altogether 
erase his identity with the 
community immediately around 
First church. No one made ex- 
cuses and no one felt secure 
in any answer. The city and 
the city's churches are always 
changing. 

What about a multiple staff? 
What does it say about a 
church? Without asking either 
question, a layman off the cuff 
observed, "I have the feeling 
that we are more inclined to 
pay someone else to do this 
ministering than we are to do 
it ourselves." 

The staff realized this to be 
a danger, but they interpreted 
their role as ministers to pioneer 
and share, to guide others to 
use their specific talents in 
every phase of the church's min- 
istry, and to encourage and 
train laymen to do work that 
they may never have dreamed 
of doing. 

That this is being done is to 
be seen in the fact that the 
ministers making what they be- 
lieve to be initial calls, discover 
that some have already met a 
person from the church — a per- 
son they refer to as "the lady 
with the white hair" who by 
name is Mrs. Daniel Horning, 



a former missionary with her 
doctor husband in China. 

Evidence also is the presence 
of Tom Wilson who "didn't 
want to get involved in a situa- 
tion that the members of the 
church were not willing to get 
involved in." Tom is involved 
as are many members. Increas- 
ingly, this is so. 

The five faces of First church 
— deeply concerned as is the 
face of every conscientious 
Christian by a task that is 
never done, bewildered by 
questions that seem to have no 
ready answers, and anxious to 
help heal the broken lives that 
only Christ can make whole 
again. These are the faces of 
not simply the ministers. These 
are the faces of First church. 

The concluding half of the West Side 
Story will appear in the next issue 



Christians in our time have often 
tried to find their ultimate salvation 
through reaching the ideal social 
principle. Every social decision, we 
realize now, is more ambiguous than 
we thought and throws us back on 
something deeper than social ethics. 
We are returning to justification by 
faith. It is only when we realize that 
we live by grace and not by our 
efforts toward social ideal that we 
can live without despair and self- 
deception. — John C. Bennett, dean 
of Union Theological Seminary. 

11 




of Youth 



by Carl S. Smucker 



A. Devaney 



12 



THERE are two points o 
view that many peoph 
have in our society regarding! 
youth. First, there are thosf 
who feel that our present geni 
eration of young people art 
irresponsible, incorrigible, imj 
moral, and the most destructive! 
in history. 

To those who hold this poini, 
of view, every child is thoughl| 
of as a delinquent or on thf 
verge of delinquency. Some: 
think that since we have such 
a bad generation of youth, t 
"get tough policy" should be 

GOSPEL MESSENGEF 



d for youth in trouble. 
::ineone has suggested that in 
ejsry town, hamlet, and city in 
/'lerica, whipping posts should 
b! built as a solution for the 
tirifying and perplexing prob- 
Itins of our youth. 
The other point of view sees 
i: today's youth reasons for 
gj^at hope for a promising and 
s "cessful future. Some believe 
t it the minds of our youth, if 
g'cn a chance for proper de- 
\ilopment through the home, 
cjurch, school, and community, 
vill foster for us a brighter and 
rpre secure future. 
(People who attend church 
ad people who do not attend 
ciurch may have either one of 
1 3se points of view. Either can 
£:ect a youth in a positive or 
rgative way. 
Who are these youth that we 
i 3 interested in rehabilitating? 
liarly all children go through 
stges of development which 
(ftier people in the community, 
tieir teachers, and sometimes 
teir harassed parents would 
(j scribe as delinquent. The 
iblings they express may be 
losely defined somewhere be- 
tjeen social and antisocial be- 
ll vior. Sometimes this behavior 
imains within the area of play 
i d adventure. Sometimes it 
laches hostility and aggression. 
We are not necessarily con- 
( rned with youth who are of- 
i'ially judged delinquent. The 
]iedelinquent youth must be 
i ilentified and helped before he 
Mimes before the courts. The 
' iindelinquent must be nur- 
Ijred in healthy growth. 
^ j Most oflFenses of our youth do 
1 1 >t appear in the headlines as 
imes of violence, as murder, 
pe, and robbery; usually they 
e lesser ofiFenses. Many a 
lung person who appears he- 
re the court has an aimless 
nse of behavior as one who is 
Irift without a sense of direc- 
)n. 
We cannot ignore the fact 

BRUARY 3, 1962 



there is delinquency of youth in 
America. The crimes among 
youth are increasing. There are 
more major and serious crimes 
committed by youth today than 
there were fifteen or twenty 
years ago. We could go on and 
build up a big case about youth 
and crime costs. 

It is important to know the 
facts and look at the other side. 
There are about ninety per cent 
of our youth who never get into 
the court or into serious trouble. 
This means we should be evalu- 
ating both sides, the delinquent 
and nondelinquent. 

We definitely have boys and 
girls who foster within them- 
selves hostile attitudes. What 
we view as delinquent behavior 
among our youth is in fact an 
outward manifestation of the in- 
ward rebellion going on in the 
minds and souls of these young 
people, rebellion against the 
world about them, rebellion 
even against their own homes, 
which have nurtured them all 
of their lives. Wherever we 
find parents shifting and re- 
nouncing their responsibilities 
we find this hostile reaction. 

There are many experiences 
of youth that cause them to ex- 
press their hostility by commit- 
ting delinquent acts. Some have 
experienced a deficiency of love. 
They have been crippled by an 
inadequate concept of home 
and community. There is also a 
lack of consistent ethical, moral, 
and spiritual standards in their 
lives. There are many more 
causes, a combination of causes, 
that create these problems in 
our youth so that we do not find 
an easy answer. 

To rehabilitate youth means 
that we want to reinstate them 
in their home and community, 
and that we want to help equip 
them with the right attitudes to 
become useful citizens. To re- 
habilitate could mean that it is 
important to direct and guide 
a person to develop values and 



standards that incite a motiva- 
tion to higher goals in life. 

The youth that needs reha- 
bilitation must have good com- 
munication with adults about 
him. He has a better image of 
himself if he has a good image 
of others. 

It takes time and skill to re- 
direct and reeducate youth so 
that they will be able to live 
with their emotional problems 
and live above and beyond 
them. It takes skill for a coun- 
selor to understand these mixed 
feelings, anxieties, and hostili- 
ties. It takes time to plan and 
organize some program that will 
help youth to meet their 
emotional needs either in an 
individual or a collective rela- 
tionship. 

The church must take a part 
in seeing that children who are 
and have been in trouble will 
not be lost to society and that 
youth do not continue antisocial 
behavior. The church must 
demonstrate its belief and con- 
cern in these matters. It must 
concern itself with the whole- 
ness of the individual self, with 
maturity, with harmonious re- 
lationships in the family and the 
community, and with God. 

Following are some objec- 
tives and goals for the church as 
it becomes an active influence 
and lends its leadership. 

First, let us consider that field 
of prevention. It is easier to 
work with youth before they 
get into the courts. 

The family unit, if at all pos- 
sible, needs to participate in 
prevention programs as well as 
in a program of rehabihtation. 
In the family the child receives 
its first impressions of love or 
hate. In his family lifelong 
habit patterns and behavior 
characteristics are first molded. 
In the home the basic values of 
life are first developed. 

Recreation usually is associ- 
ated with prevention and reha- 
bilitation. Recreation is not a 

13 



cure-all for all of our problems. 
It can contribute to both 
prevention, rehabilitation, and 
treatment. Young people are 
free from farm and home chores 
which were more common to 
the earlier generation. They 
have more free time in rural and 
urban areas. Recreation will 
help them to get more out of 
their leisure time. In this ac- 
tivity youth finds a rich learning 
experience, particularly in the 
scope of social relationships and 
developing individual responsi- 
bility. 

Recreation involves many 
types of activities. Some rec- 
reational pursuits are hobbies 
of collecting, knitting, home 
crafts, drawing, painting, read- 
ing, playing musical instru- 
ments, radio listening, TV 
viewing, playing checkers, 
chess, or bridge, and backyard 
activities like gardening, horse- 
shoe pitching, badminton, and 
croquet. Both the individual 
and family can have a very ef- 
fective relationship in this type 
of recreation. 

Some adults can be Big 
Brothers or Big Sisters by taking 
a friendly interest in some youth 
who is failing to make a good 
adjustment to society and is 
hostile to the world about him. 
A Big Brother or Big Sister 
can supplement the efforts of 
the psychiatrist, social worker, 
teacher, and other specialists. 
He is in reahty a friend of the 
boy or girl and he must work 
very close with the minister, 
court, agency, or institution 
which makes such a referral. 
Many laymen in the church 
have a quality of character that 
would be very beneficial to the 
youth who needs such an identi- 
fication. 

Employment is a problem 
among many of our youth. 
Many are unemployed because 
they are not equipped with the 
proper education, trade, or skill 
that would allow them to fit into 

14 



a useful and satisfying occupa- 
tion. 

The dropouts from our edu- 
cational program are a growing 
national concern. When a youth 
drops out of the school program 
before he has finished his high 
school education, he is selling 
himself short. Chances are very 
slim that he will be very useful 
in this scientific and technologi- 
cal area. 

Many of our problem youth 
came from the unemployed and 
dropout group. If we are in- 
terested in rehabihtation, we 
then must join hands with 
others in our communities to 
find out the causes and set up 
programs that will motivate 



these youth to develop a skill 
trade. 

The youth that has been 
trouble often is not able to fii 
employment. He often has tl 
attitude that he is not wantt 
and that no one wiU give hi 
a job. This youth can be helpt 
in such matters as cleanlinei 
courtesy, dependability, ai 
initiative. These values are li 
portant if he wants to be gal 
fully employed. 

More related fields can 
mentioned briefly that can 1 
used as rehabilitative resourc 
— the Boy Scouts, Girl Scou 
Boys' Club, YMCA, YWC 
youth centers, etc. Every coi 
munity agency should be u 



A Meditation on Married Love 

by Ross Snyder 



DEEP within the noise of the world's anger and travail in pain 
love. . . . Love that is of the God in whom we live and move a 
have our being together. If two people were to discover together this G( 
and with expectant loyalty were to establish a home that is a small ; 
persistent unit of this love. . . . Would not the sons of God shout for 
and all the morning stars sing together? 

And if through mutual giving and receiving with God and with as 
other, the love in this home became not merely idea and sentiment, 1 
concrete and creative ... if this home became a shared appropriation 
those things which are true, lovely, and good. . . . Would not the benedict 
of the God who created all things and saw that it was good, rest upon t 
home? 

And if these two, in courage and openness to God's power, were 
establish a home through which streamed the surrounding community 
life; that is, that this home became a dwelling place for friendship, a ho 
of faith for the fearful, a center of living unto a world order of Ufe 
Would they not indeed have established a colony of heaven? 

And if love and home building continue as the growing and sett 
intent of these discoverers of love, would not mankind's enduring trinity 
husband, wife, children, become the structure of their home? 

The light of enduring meaning play over their eating together, tl 
struggles together, their physical intimacies? And would not such a ho 
personalize its members . . . being strangely productive of distincti 
spontaneous, wholehearted, loving persons? 

In this home there would ever be the opening of new doors into perso 
existence, and into the doing of the new and the fresh. Beauty would res 
within its inhabitants, and leap to welcome all beauty. 

Common memories and faiths would be its household treasmres. Si i 
a home would be a vocation from God ... for it would be a continuity 
love ... a bringing together of men and God. Faithful men and won] 
have entered upon these discoveries; and have established such homes. 



:i 



This meditation was included as part of a service of worship 
for the observance of Youth Week, January 28 — February 
4 and published for the United Christian Youth Movement. 

GOSPEL MESSENCI 



ij ;d if it can be used to build 
ter character in lives of 
ytith. 

i^or those who are classed as 
diinquent, forestry camps and 
Stjiools are provided. These for- 
ejry camps and schools are 
ffDnsored by the community, 
s te, and federal government. 
%ese camps have various pur- 
ples and functions. Some 
Cjnps are set up for the purpose 
caring for youth who have 
b3n declared dehnquent and 
a; placed there for rehabilita- 
te purposes. Some camps are 
s )nsored by the government 
a:l operate as schools for 
yanger delinquent youth. The 
tileral government is now 
finning to support financially 
cnps that will care for the 
yath. that are dropouts and 
uemployed. Many of these 
cnps for the purpose of re- 
Lbihtation have been very suc- 
Cisful. 

The church has a responsi- 
ity to know more about these 
mps and how the lay member 
n take part in the total pro- 
am of rehabilitation. After a 
uth has been in forestry camp 
school and returns to his 
me and community he will 
ed support, guidance and en- 
uragement from the adult 
)rld. 

Many are sent by the court to 
me institution such as a train- 
g school, industrial school, or 
nitentiary. These institutions 
'<e away the freedom of the 
'iividual for a period of time. 
) take away this freedom does 
t mean that he is being re- 
bilitated. After a person is 
'leased from an institution he 
s a serious problem of adjust- 
jsnt to normal living. He needs 
; feel that he belongs to some- 
jing, that he is still useful, that 
|: is wanted and still has some 
'lue. A Christian community 
jn help to supply these 
■eds. 

Christian young people 

BRUARY 3, 1962 



should think about service as 
professional social workers. The 
demand for competent proba- 
tion and parole workers is in- 
creasing. The Sunday school, 
fellowship groups, men's and 
women's organizations and 
others can come to a clearer 
understanding of some of the 
problems of our youth by using 
the proper leadership in con- 
ducting forums and discussion 
sessions. A psychiatrist, psy- 
chologist, social worker, and 
probation and parole workers 



can be used as resource leaders. 
John Dewey once said, "Since 
learning is something that the 
pupil has to do himself and for 
himself, the initiative hes with- 
in the learner. The teacher is 
the guide and the director; he 
steers the boat, but the energy 
that propels it must come from 
those who are learning." We are 
learners so that we can become 
teachers. Jesus, our Master 
Teacher, tells his followers to 
go out into the world to help 
others to help themselves. 



Soul Saving or Hide Saving 

by Leonard Carlisle 

A FEW days ago two men came to my study. They were 
engineers under contract with the military and their desire 
was to survey the church to determine its "protection rating" in 
the event of a nuclear attack. They stated that if the church had 
a high protection rating it would be stockpiled with food and 
water and supplies after which it would be modified to raise its 
protection rating. 

The idea of the church being a refuge is not new. Theo- 
retically the church offers protection from the world and its 
troubles. It was at one time a refuge for criminals. In any event, 
the doors of the church ought to be open to all who wish to 
enter — in time of peace or peril. 

But to convert the church from a soul-saving to a hide-saving 
function is to misuse the church. To change the church into a 
fortress-type structure is to change its original calling. The 
church, as it stands, is a witness to the community for the Light 
of life. The church changed into a sandbagged fortress is an 
admission that the Prince of Peace has left and the god of war 
is in charge. The church stocked with supplies for survivors of 
nuclear devastation is saying, "We believe in peace but plan 
on war." 

Many people in many nations have lost hope for peace. 
Masses of men are furtively looking for the nearest hole or are 
thinking of digging one. This fear is not dignified by making 
the hole larger and calling it a community shelter. 

And now the church is being asked to subscribe to this 
fear, to abdicate its hope for peace, by being converted into a 
shelter. It is a bit faithless for the church to sing I Will Not 
Be Afraid from down in a sheltering tomb. 

How can the church hide its light under a bushel of sand 
(bags) and yet consider itself the light of the world? If that 
occurs, then the church has indeed conformed to this world of 
fear and frustration. It would be saying in effect, "Cod is dead, 
there is no hope except to hide." 

I prefer to think of the church as not being conformed to 

Continued on page 19 



Netherlands Religious Leaders Urge 
Peaceful Solution of Indonesia Crisis 

► Protestant and Roman Catholic authorities in Holland 
have made separate appeals for a peaceful solution lest 
the crisis between their country and Indonesia over 
Dutch New Guinea erupt into a new military conflict 
with grave international repercussions. 

Both appeals were issued in the wake of reports that 
Indonesia planned to follow the example of India in 
successfully invading Portuguese Goa by taking over 
the Dutch territory on the western half of New Guinea, 
on the ground that the area was an integral part of its 
country. 

The Protestant appeal came from the General Synod 
of the Netherlands Reformed Church which more than 
five years ago flatly called upon the Dutch people and 
government to abandon claims to Netherlands New 
Guinea. 

This time, it declared in a letter to government lead- 
ers that it "must be possible to find a way" of breaking 
the deadlock posed by Dutch insistence upon the prin- 
ciple of self-determination for the people of the territory 
and Indonesian demands that the area be turned over to 
her. 

Otherwise, it warned, "the tension between the 
Netherlands and Indonesian governments . . . may 
eventually lead to a war between both peoples which 
would seriously threaten world peace." 

The Catholic appeal was drafted by the Dutch 
hierarchy at a meeting in Utrecht and cabled to Hol- 
land's Prime Minister Dr. Jan DeQuay and Indonesian 
President Sukarno. It urged them to "make every 
possible eflFort and immediately start negotiations for a 
peaceful solution ... by means of open talks in mutual 
confidence." 

Although the bishops declared it was not their 
intention to suggest any particular solution to the crisis, 
they stressed, as did the Protestant leaders, that negotia- 
tions were needed to avoid bloodshed and bitterness. 
They said prayers for a just and wise solution would be 
offered in all Holland's Catholic churches. 

Observers meanwhile recalled that last Aug. 21 
leading professors at Nijmegen University, a Catholic 
institution, criticized the Dutch government's refusal 
to transfer Western New Guinea to Indonesia, calling 
it "a stumbling block and source of danger in the struggle 
for peaceful relations in the world." 

The professors, including both priests and laymen, 
declared in a letter to leaders of the Catholic People's 
Party that the transfer of New Guinea to Indonesia 
is "not considered impossible," and that "where such 
great interests [of peace] are at stake, the maintaining 
of the rightful position, however honorable, cannot 
suflice." This was an obvious reference to a condition 
of Indonesian independence allowing the Dutch to keep 
West New Guinea from the former Netherlands East 
Indies possessions. 

The same position was taken by the Reformed 
Church's Synod in June 1956, when it adopted a state- 
ment which stressed that the Dutch people and govern- 
ment could hope to find their "true vocation" in New 
Guinea only by completely divesting themselves of the 
idea that they were ordained to determine the area's 
future. 

The synod also emphasized that "our church is tied 
to the churches of Indonesia and New Guinea by close 
bonds and cannot remain indifferent over this matter." 
16 



It buttressed its appeal by asserting that neit 
good intentions nor historical rights justified the Du 
position in New Guinea, especially when "colonialisn 
still too fresh in the memory of the Asian peoples an. 
changing world is critically watching us." 

Three years ago, however. Prof. C. P. M. Ronu 
then top leader of the Catholic People's Party, defenc 
what he said was "the great responsibility of the Du 
to maintain their rightful position in New Guinea." 

He said that Indonesia "proclaims night and day i 
the Dutch are unlawful rulers of New Guinea," bul 
had "refused the offer of the Dutch government to ] 
the case before the International Court of Justice at 
Hague." Moreover, he added, the Netherlands had 
fered a joint Dutch-Indonesia government for N 
Guinea, "but again Indonesia has refused." 

The bone of contention between Holland and Ini 
nesia is the 150,000 square mile half of the worl 
largest island, next to Greenland, with a population^ 
700,000. Called West Irian by the Indonesians, it 
a partly unexplored land of vast swamps and h 
mountains. According to Catholic authorities, Cathol 
there number some 67,000. Officials of the Missi( 
Council of the Netherlands Reformed Church hi 
estimated the number of Protestants to be in the neij 
borhood of 140,000 or more. 

Protestantism was introduced in New Guinea 
1855 by two German missionaries named Geisler a 
Ottow. Four years later, the first Dutch missionai 
were sent out by the Utrecht Missionary Society, 
number of American and Australian evangelical groi 
are now working there, as well as several Indones 
missionaries representing the indigenous Protest 
Churches of Amboina and Celebes. The Netherlai 
government has provided subsidies for Christian miss 
work of any creed carried out on the island. In 
field of teaching and culture, much has been done 
both Protestant and Catholic missions. 

It was announced last October that the Du 
government had invited the Christian and Mission. 
Alliance to develop and supervise a teacher-train: 
program in the primitive highland areas of north' 
New Guinea. The government, it was stated, 1; 
agreed to provide passage and pay salaries for Du 
teachers chosen by the Alliance to serve a three-y 
term, during which they will instruct native Christii 
in the basic methods so they can return and set 
grade schools in their own areas. || 

Alliance missionaries entered the remote areas 
northern New Guinea immediately after World V 
II and found a completely stone-age culture exist 
there. The Alliance "witness schools," where nev 
converted Christians were taught to read the Bi 
were pioneering educational efforts in this area, 
the last four years. Alliance missionaries reported t 
some 15,000 natives have become Christians. 



The missionaries we want are those who will be fi 
interested in the people they serve, will appreciate 
good aspects of African tradition, and will seek to h\ 
upon it. They must acknowledge and demonstrate 
fact that all men are equal in the sight of God. Tl 
must be genuinely enthusiastic about developing Afri' 
leadership, and be happy to work under worthy Afri :i 
leaders. — Ezekiel C. Makunike, headmaster of a Pro- 
tant school in Southern Rhodesia. 

GOSPEL MESSENC 



Ad 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



The 1962 district conference for Middle Pennsyl- 
ania will be held at Lewistown on Oct. 16-18, and not 
t Burnham as was reported in the 1962 Yearbook. 

Robert and Margaret Knappenberger sailed from 
Jew York on Jan. 15 for Nigeria, where they will teach 
I the secondary school at Waka. Karen LaRue, R.N., 
ew from the States for Nigeria on Feb. 1. 

Juniata College's development program received a 
apital grant of $15,000 from the Du Pont Company, 
"his was given specifically "toward a new building for 
jihemistry, physics, and biology" to aid the fund for 
Liniata's proposed science center. 

Eleven bachelor's degrees and two two-year certifi- 
ates will be given by Elizabethtown College during 
he winter commencement exercises on Feb. 7. The 
Speaker for the occasion will be Desmond W. Bittinger, 
President of McPherson College and an alumnus of Eliz- 
bethtown, who will receive the honorary degree, Doc- 
or of Letters. 

Elizabethtown College is continuing its program of 
ducational television for college credit during the sec- 
md semester as part of the College of the Air series 
>u WGAL-TV (channel 8), Lancaster. The Method of 
A'ritten Composition, an English composition course, 
vas scheduled to begin Feb. 2 and continue for fourteen 
lalf-hour lectures on Friday mornings, 9:00 to 9:30. 

The Northern Indiana Regional Science Fair for 

962 will be held on the Manchester College campus 
)n March 31, according to Dr. R. Emerson Niswander, 
lead of the Manchester College department of biology, 
\ho is regional director. The fair will be cosponsored 
)y the college and the North Manchester News-Journal. 
Two winners will be selected to receive an all-expense 
xiid trip to the World's Fair in Seattle, Wash., where 
heir exhibits will go on display. 

Juniata and Manchester colleges were two of the 
)ne hundred colleges and universities to rec6ive grants 
pf $4,000 each from the Du Pont Company. The pur- 
pose of the grants is to help these institutions maintain 
jhe excellence of their teaching. The $4,000 grant in- 
pludes $2,500 for use by the department of chemistry 
jind $1,500 to be used in ways of the college's own 
bhoosing to strengthen the teaching of other intellectual 
pisciplines important in the education of scientists and 
engineers. 

Forty-nine Brethren Service volunteers began train- 
ing at New Windsor on Jan. 6. Leadership for the 
training includes: Don Snider, training director; Anne 
Haynes; Dale Motes; and Fred and Gail Michael. Guest 
leaders during the nine weeks include: Mary Brougher; 
Edward T. Angeny; Karyl Hartzler; Gunnar Niklasson; 
Wayne Eberly; John Barwick; Arthur Hunn; Paul Hoff- 
man; Leonard Styche, on leave from Chicago's West 
Side Christian Parish; Nancy Cox, director of Media 
Fellowship House, Media, Pa.; James B. Bowman; and 
Rodney Davis. 
FEBRUARY 3. 1962 



Newsweek, in the Dec. 25, 1961 issue, featured the 
inner Chicago ministry in an article, Faith in the City. 
The story tells of the Chapel of Hope, calling it an 
unusual experiment with a small congregation, being 
led by Julius Belser. The article and a picture, which 
includes Pastor Belser, is to be found on page 69. Ex- 
periences in the life of this congregation were also re- 
lated in the Nov. 4, 1961 issue of the Gospel Messenger 
under the title. Leave All and Follow, by Julius Belser. 

American Protestant and Eastern Orthodox church 
members will be asked to give $15,250,811 through the 
1962 United Appeal of Church World Service to help 
hungry, homeless, and destitute people overseas. The 
record goal, announced by CWS ofiicials, exceeds last 
year's target by almost $500,000. Funds collected 
through the United Appeal will support both individual 
denominational programs and cooperative projects car- 
ried on overseas by Church World Service, relief arm of 
the National Council of Churches and related interde- 
nominational organizations. 

Problems and Opportunities in Latin America is the 

theme of the third annual Social Science Institute to be 
held at Manchester College, Ind., on Feb. 15. Guest 
speaker is sociologist. Dr. Frank Bonilla of the American 
Universities Field Staff in Latin America. Dr. Bonilla 
will speak on Education and Economic Developments 
in Latin America at 9:30 a.m., which will be followed 
by a panel discussion with participants representing 
Latin American foreign students in the area, newsmen, 
public ofiicials, and faculty members. Social and Politi- 
cal Problems in Latin America will be Dr. Bonillla's 
topic at the 1:30 p.m. session. The institute will be 
concluded with an evening public meeting featuring 
Dr. Bonilla. 

Homecoming 

Modesto church, Northern California, will have a 
homecoming on Feb. 11. At 3:00 p.m. all conscientious 
objectors from World War II, all GPS men, and all 
alternative service men since the war will have a reunion 
at the church at which Dr. Henry Hitt Crane will be a 
special guest. 

The Church Calendar 
February 4 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: The Right Use of the Lord's 
Day. Ex. 20:8-11; Mark 2:23-3:6; Luke 4:16-20, 31- 
40; Neh. 13:15-22. Memory Selection: Remember the 
sabbath day, to keep it holy. Ex. 20:8 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 4-9 Youth Seminar, Washington and New York 

Feb. 11 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 13-15 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, Va. 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 25 Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 

March 3-4 Western Region executive committee and district 

executive secretaries 
March 4-9 Adult Seminar, Washington, D. C, and New York 

City 

17 




Francis Lee Jacques 

FEBRUARY is known for its 
sleet, its snow, and the 
thawing hazards of an icy road. 
Moreover, we have grown tired 
of winter. Yet, since all of God's 
seasons have their attractions, 
there is something likable about 
February, too. 

In the first place, since the 
month is two days shorter than 
its fellows, we can look forward 
to spring. Moreover, now is the 
time of the year when we can 
most enjoy feeding and watch- 
ing the birds, and when the 
little song sparrow tunes up 
his lay and pours forth his 
silvery notes from some snow- 
encrusted bough. 

In the wild cherry tree out- 
side our living room window, 
my husband put a simple bird 
feeder to hold suet. Here 
come nuthatches, hairy and 
downy woodpeckers, black- 
capped chickadees, and red 
squirrels to feast. There is no 
quarreling, no shoving. Every 
bird politely waits his or her 
turn. The squirrels come when 

18 



by May Allread Baker 



the birds leave, sitting up with 
a piece of suet in their front 
paws. 

Under the blue spruce we 
have corn on the ear, oats, and 
com bread mixed up with plen- 
ty of meat fryings in the bat- 
ter, and baked until done. This 
is most excellent for very cold 
days for the fat gives energy 
to the cardinals, slate-colored 
juncoes, song and English spar- 
rows, blue jays, starlings, and 
doves. 

One must admit that starHngs 
are a problem. They swoop 
down by the dozen and quickly 
gobble up all the available food, 
taking far more than their share. 
In the year 1890 sixty of these 
birds were brought over to this 
country from western Europe 
and released in Central Park, 
New York City. The following 
year forty more were released. 
And these large, dark, hardy 
birds have multipHed enormous- 



courtesy, Augsburg Publishing House 

■ f 

ly, taking winter food from oui 
native birds and driving out on 
lovely bluebirds, martins, wrens 
finches, and other birds whicl 
nest in cavities. 

They are harmful to appl( 
orchards, vineyards, and con 
on the stalk. Yet to be fair, W( 
must say that starlings are ex 
cellent parents and forage al 
day long for their brood 
destroying many noxious in 
sects, caterpillars, and beetles 
If their numbers can be held ii 
check, they may yet be desir 
able birds. 

I have found that if I put oul 
grain late in the evening, cardi 
nals and sparrows get most oi 
it, for starlings go rather earl) 
to roost. They seek out nooks 
and crannies, church towersi 
and the like in townis and cities 
where great flocks huddle to 
gether to keep warm. 

Every moonlight evening we 
have a regular Christmas care 
scene under the spruce trees | 
for now rabbits come to muncl 
on the com. As many as three 

GOSPEL MESSENGEI 



four gather under one tree, 
Iver in the silver moonhght, 
pitching their long ears, paus- 

g, now and then, as if in medi- 
Ition. 

One wonders what these 
j-eatures think about in the 
ee, rabbit brain 1 

Though icicles fringe the 
ives, it is not too soon to pore 
Ver seed catalogs and to order 
3w bulbs, plants, and seed, 
whatever is put into the good 
iirth is certain, in more or less 
egree, to bring results. Last 
immer, a few tuberous be- 
onias gave breathtaking beauty 
ii the shady side of the house, 
liis summer I plan many more 
lulbs to set in the large flower 
ed on the shady west lawn to 
:iake beauty after the tulips 
nd daffodils have disappeared, 
liniature cucumbers are a 
lust, too, for the vegetable 
arden. 

In no time at all, March will 
ome roaring in like a lion, toss- 
,ig oflF loose shingles from the 
jam roof; littering the lawn 
,'ith dead twigs, paper, and 
jther debris; tearing off stub- 
jom leaves which have clung 
11 winter to oak and beech 
ees, making room for the new 
'af buds. 

( Sunsets will be gorgeous and 
atkins will fluff on willow 
brubs down along the creek, 
'he first gay crocus will thrust 
p its bright head through the 
now, and the first homing 
Dbin will give its blithe, stac- 
ato call. 



Then follows April with its 
soft, warm rains washing off 
winter's soot and grime from 
the face of Mother Nature. 
Farmers will anxiously go out to 
test the soil, wondering when 
they can put in their oats. 
Young wheat will thrust up its 
emerald spears. 

April is capricious — cold one 
day, warm the next; raining on 
the third day — this we know. 
But always, there will be some 
days when old folks can sit 
out in the sun; when boys 
can fly kites after school or 
go along bouncing basketballs; 
when small mothers can take 
their dolls out for an airing and 
real babies can enjoy the fresh 
air from their carriages; days 
when young lovers stroll in the 
park, and tots ride on their tri- 
cycles. 

Soon busy tractors will hum 
from morning until night; birds 
will be nesting; cows, lowing in 
the barnyard, longing to be out 
on green pastures. There will 
be long-legged wobbly calves 
and colts, fleecy lambs, and vel- 
vety piglets. There will be 
frolicsome puppies and small, 
silken kittens. 

Life everywhere — fresh, new, 
abundant life. 

But without the winter period 
when the hidden forces of the 
earth -sleep to gather up new 
power, without the harsh winds, 
the snow, and the ice, we should 
not have God's tender resurrec- 
tion of the spring. 




iVhen the days begin to warm the farmers are eager to plow their fields 

EBRUARY 3, 1962 



God's Garden 

AGNES FINCH WHITACRE 

God's gifts to all the parents on 
earth 
Are as the blooming flowers; 
They are the children given to us 
To guide through growing 
hours. 
We nourish and we cherish each 
From birth to manhood 
grown — 
We hold them dear but still we 
know 
They're lent . . . we do not own! 



Soul Saving or 
Hide Saving 

Continued from page 15 

this world, and not being squeezed 
into its mold. Let the church be 
transformed not by sand, steel, and 
band-aids, but by the renewing of 
her mind and her faith. 

Let the church be the church. 
Pray God that the church of Christ 
will rise up in this troubled hour 
and point the way to peace, not to 
panic. Hope fervently that men will 
be so filled with the Spirit of God 
that they not only believe peace is 
possible, but bend every effort to 
that end. 

It was our Lord who said to his 
followers, as he faced death, "In 
the world you have tribulation; but 
be of good cheer, I have overcome 
the world." Again he said, "Blessed 
are the peacemakers, for they shall 
be called sons of God." 

The church must not only refuse 
to conform to the world and become 
an arm of the army, a hiding place 
for frustrated and fearful people; it 
must move forward positively seek- 
ing to learn the way of peace. 

The church is the hope of the 
world today. It must say with Jesus, 
"Love your enemies and pray for 
those who persecute you, so that 
you may be sons of your Father who 
is in heaven." 

The church is the hope of the 
world today because Jesus said, "He 
who believes in me wiU also do the 
works that I do; and greater works 
than these will he do, because I go 
to the Father." 

The appeal to the church is truly, 
"Do not be conformed to this world 
but be transformed by the renewal 
of your mind, that you may prove 
what is the will of God, what is 
good and acceptable and perfect" 
— even peacefiil. 

19 




Church of the Brethren 

Washington Representative 



■ On January 1, Ruth Early became 
the Church of the Brethren Wash- 
ington Representative. This is a new 
office for the Church of the Brethren, 
and reflects an interest in strengthen- 
ing the witness and service of the 
church to the government. 

The beginning of the position of 
Washington representative is in re- 
sponse to the action of the 1961 
Annual Conference. A query asking 
for the establishment of the office 
came originally at the 1960 Annual 
Conference from the Waterford 
church in Northern California. The 
query was referred to the General 
Brotherhood Board for a study and 
a report at the 1961 Conference. The 
report of the General Brotherhood 
Board included recommendations 
which would develop a greater re- 
lationship to concerns in Washington. 
The answer of the Conference was a 
request to the Board to "pursue 
actively" this direction and to re- 
port the new developments in 1962. 

Miss Early is currently the associ- 
ate director of the National Service 
Board for Religious Objectors. She 
will continue in that responsibility 
on a half-time basis and will serve 
as the Church of the Brethren Wash- 
ington representative also, as a half- 
time responsibility. Her offices in the 
latter capacity will be with those of 
the National Council of Churches at 
110 Maryland Ave., N.E., Wash- 
ington 2, D.C. The telephone number 
there is Lincoln 4-2350. 

The office will serve the whole 
Brotherhood in its program interests 
in Washington, and Brethren are 
encouraged to seek her counsel and 
advice. As Washington represent- 
ative, she is charged with advising 
the Brethren on developments in 
Washington that are of interest and 
concern; assisting in official visits to 
Washington; and handhng arrange- 
ments for political seminars, con- 
sultations, and conferences. Her task 
will not involve policy formulation 
or lobbying. Administratively she 
will be related to the General Broth- 
erhood Board through the Brethren 
20 



Service Commission. Limitations of 
time and function will not permit 
her to serve Brethren on matters of 
sight-seeing and general accommo- 
dations. 

Miss Early has been associated 
with the Brethren Service Com- 
mission since 1944, with the excep- 



tion of a period in 1960 as the 
associate director of the Disarma- 
ment Campaign, Nyack, N.Y. 

Much of her responsibility has 
been administered from the Brethren 
Service Center in New Windsor, 
Md., where she directed refugee re- 
settlement and immigration service. 
Academically, she has studied at 
McPherson College, the University of 
Wyoming and Western Maryland 
College. Recently, she has worked 
in the field of international relations 
at American University. 

Interdenominationally, Miss Earlyj 
has served on the Operations! 
Committee of Immigration Service, 
Church World Service, and has as-| 
sisted the Friends Committee onl 
National Legislation. ! 

The Rockingham church in Mis-i 
souri is her home church. | 



John Flory -- Teacher, Writer, Churchman 



■ John Flory early in life developed 
an ambition for an education. He 
entered the Virginia Normal School 
(Bridgewater College) in 1888. 
After two years he transferred to 
Ohio Northern University for one 
year, and then to Mt. Morris College, 
111., from which he graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Literature 
in 1894. 

He entered the faculty of Bridge- 
water College, which had now be- 
come a four-year college, in the fall 
of 1894. His life, from that time 
until his death, was intertwined with 
the college at Bridgewater. On leave 
of absence from the college, he en- 
tered the graduate school of the 
University of Virginia in 1902 and 
was granted the Doctor of Philosophy 
degree in 1907. He was honored at 
the university with membership in 
the Raven Society, with an assistant- 
ship in English, and finally with Phi 
Beta Kappa membership. 

He became vice-president and pro- 
fessor of English and German at 
Bridgewater in 1905, having then 
completed residence at the University 
of Virginia. He succeeded to the 
presidency of Bridgewater in 1910 
and served in that position until 
June 30, 1919. He then returned to 
the classroom and taught English on 
a full schedule until 1942. He con- 
tinued on a reduced schedule until 
1952. 

During all these thirty-two years 
and until the time of his death, he 
was president emeritus of the college. 
He served as secretary of the board 



of trustees from 1920 to 1946. Hej 
thus maintained an official connec-! 
tion with Bridgewater College for a 
period of sixty-seven years — more 
than twice as long as any other per- 
son in the history of the college. 

John S. Flory, as a college youtli 
of twenty-three years, had a religious 
awakening during his freshman year' 
He was baptized on Jan. 18, 1889 
He was a member of the Bridgewatei 
church for a span of seventy-twc 
years. Here he was chosen to the 
ministry on April 14, 1906, and or-t 
dained to the eldership in 1917. He 
served as presiding elder of the 
Bridgewater congregation from 192( 
to 1940. 

Dr. Flory served on Standing Com 
mittee ten times. He was a membei 
of the General Education Board oi 
the Church of the Brethren froir 
1912 to 1928. 

He was the author of several book; 
most of which relate to Brethren life 
and history. The titles of these 
volumes are: Literary Activities ol 
the German Baptist Brethren in the 
18th Century; Flashlights of History 
H. C. Early, Christian Statesman 
Builders of the Church; Dramas ol 
the Bible. He wrote many years foi 
the church school publications of tht 
Church of the Brethren. 

John Samuel Flory has left wit! 
us the record of a fruitful life. He 
will live in history as an eminen 
scholar, inspiring teacher, creative 
writer, devoted churchman, and .' 
Christian gentieman of the first rank 
— Paul H. Bowman. 

GOSPEL MESSENGEEl 



I 



.. 



NEWS OF BRETHREN IN MISSION 



dat&iim 



f f (jLiui P f l^CjQ'ViCL^^ For the first time, one of the gospels has been 
translated into Chibuk, a tongue spoken by 25,000 people served by the Church of the 
Brethren here. The ti-anslation of Mark was undertaken cooperatively by Nigerian 
evangehsts, missionaries, and teachers of the schools in the Chibuk area. 

Lawrence Clark, who joined in the project, reported that while the search for 
correct word and idiom was tedious, the experience as a whole was inspiring. "The 
figure of the Master striding through this gospel is a fast moving one, thrilling us ever 
as we witness his acts of healing the sick, casting out devils, raising the dead, feeding 
the hungry, walking on the water, teaching, admonishing, driving out the money chang- 
ers, at last forsaken, brutally beaten and murdered but arising triumphant over all 
this — truly a fast moving drama but more, a message of hope that meets all human 
longings." 

S^SCittlC, {XJci<dninCftOn" Millions of visitors to the Century 21 
Exposition, opening here April 21, will find a unique center dedicated to "Christian 
Witness in Century 21." Prominently located in the exposition will be a boldly modern 
pavilion topped by a slender cross. 

The central theme for the religious pavilion is "Jesus Christ — the same yesterday, 
today, and forever." The center will be dedicated "to the children of today who will 
be the citizens of Century 21." 

Members of the Church of the Brethren in Washington were urged by the district 
finance commission chaiiTnan, Bernard H. Suttle, to share in the cost of the $175,000 
project. Eighteen other denominations also are participating. 

iJUCllcivTcif ^^^rtf\Clt\\j" Lloyd Thomas, BVS'er and recreation 
leader in a camp for East German refugees, recently compared his present work with 
his earher task of remodeling a home for the aged at Hinterbruhl, Austria. 

"When I worked in Austria plastering walls, the satisfaction of the work came 
in tangible and visible effects. But here satisfaction is never so apparent. Yet there 
are moments in the relationships we share here that offer more than satisfaction and 
make the effort, loneliness, and cooking for myself more than worth it. Moments when 
a gang of kindergarten kids come running to me with 'flowers' that they picked for 
me ... or when a child wraps his arms around my legs and says: 'Uncle, pick me up!' 
The times shared with older youth in the camp . . . when we walk together to the 
gym for an evening of hard play . . . when a twenty-one-year-old boy comes into my 
room and for two hours pours forth his troubles (and they have them here), telling 
of the girl to whom he is engaged, but whom he may never see again because she 
happens to be across the 'curtain' . . . from all this to an ill mother whom he must 
support. It is when these things happen that my heart feels peculiarly warm. Then 
it is never hard to answer the constant question, 'Why am I here?' " 
LUARY 3, 1962 21 






dateline 



J^lA-waff ^^yicLld"^ Poverty is a relative thing, a Church of the Brethren 
missionary doctor here is convinced. 

The people of Bulsar are poor, at least by American standards, observed Dr. Fred 
M. Wampler. Yet he noted that many people of the city have incomes of $250 to 
$500 a year in contrast to poor villagers in outlying areas whose incomes may average 
less than $100 a year. 

Sometimes, said Dr. Wampler, the church presses for an opportunity to help the 
poor vilUagers. The Bulsar people find the desire hard to comprehend. "Why do you 
want to help those people when there is so much to be done here?" 

Such questions are disturbing, but not unfamihar, the missionary added. "I used 
to hear the same tune in America, only the words were slightly diflFerent. 'Why do you 
want to go to India?' " 

{^cdynyrCif t^na«)y(uaaiCl— a record album featuring the six 
choirs of the Palmyra Church of the Brethren has been dedicated to Rev. Frank S. 
Carper, retired pastor. Included in the recordings is a call to worship led by Brother 
Carper, a preacher-banker who has rendered nearly fifty years of service through the 
Palmyra church. 

'Xl^lznCWt, ^yiciiCitXCl" Northern Indiana's Little Pine Church of the 
Brethren changed this fall from the free ministry to employed pastoral service, bringing 
to an end the free ministry in the fifth largest district of the Brotherhood. 

New pastor of the seventy-six-member congregation is the Rev. Ralph HofiFman, 
for many years a schoolteacher and part-time pastor in Indiana. For a parsonage, Pastor 
Hoffman and his wife live in a trailer house. 



\ 



I 



I 



^^^rt-LCCiCIO f ^^itiflOUJ'^'^A Brethren writer recently was described by a 
Chicago Sun-Times book reviewer as "an interesting man ... a disturber of the 
peace ... a comforter of the afflicted and an afflcter of the comfortable. Perhaps we 
could use more men hke him." 

The subject was Kermit Eby, a University of Chicago professor, author of a new 
book on Protests of an Ex-Organization Man. Several sections of the "lively and 
provocative" volume have appeared as articles in the Gospel Messenger and in Brethren 
Life and Thought. 'A 

Reviewer Hoke Norris said of Eby: "A most unusual man — a clergyman who 
went into labor union work, a labor union man who became a university professor, an 
organizer who abandoned organization, and a writer who takes whacks at churches, 
labor unions, universities, and the cult of organizations." 

Eby's thesis, according to Norris, is that what has happened to churches, unions, 

and universities is success. "The first step in recapturing your freedom is to be wilhng 

to behave as if losing your secmrity made no difference," Eby is quoted as saying. 
22 GOSPEL MESSEN«|i: 



[eviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
1 constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
lurch of the Brethren General OfRces, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
I arch libraries are marked with an asterisk (*). — Editor. 



Science, Technology and the 
•juristian. C. A. Coulson. Abingdon 
;iess, 1960. Ill pages. $2.50. 

There have been two industrial 
i/olutions, says C. A. Coulson, 
i|ted British scientist and Methodist 
JfTnan. During the first revolution 
(the 18th century, technology was 
(icidedly nonscientific. During the 
j;ond revolution, technology was 
^lidded to science, indeed, the two 
iJTe synonymous. This scientific 
l|:hnology has brought the world 
jl!at progress and great problems. In 
t) future, energy for power, food for 
already expanded population, the 
l|;akdown of family life, and ade- 
tate education for all are some 
Ii)blems of a nuclear age which 
l)fessor Coulson says can be solved 
I'ire effectively by applying princi- 
j^s of Christian conduct and ethics. 
" )meone must claim that the Chris- 
td, just because he believes that 
t,s is God's world, must state his 
c« and show how the interpreta- 
tin of some of the great Christian 
fnciples of conduct bear on such 
E tters as the control of nuclear pow- 
e the implications of automation, 
al the feeding of a huge and 
lii5gry world." — William R. Eberly, 
^rth Manchester, Ind. 

!>pecial-day Sermons for Evan- 

giicals. Andrew W. Blackwood. 

Cannel Press, 1961. 448 pages. 
$95. 

Dne of America's best-known pro- 
f'lOrs of homiletics (formerly at 
piaceton Seminary 1930-50), An- 
d|w W. Blackwood has won a re- 
yicted place as a student of good 
p aching. In this book, he pre- 
Suts an annotated collection of 
tliy-eight sermons for special days 
the Christian and the calendar 
ylr, delivered by some of the more 
Piminent conservative churchmen 
oour day. In his foreword state- 
oht, Dr. Blackwood characterizes 
tl evangelical as one who is conserv- 
ai e in doctrine and progressive in 
njiod; one who strives to base his 
b efs and practices on the Holy 
S.ptures — "the only infallible rule 
oiaith and practice." The collection 
is| therefore, strongly Biblical in its 
ojntation, with fresh and relevant 
ailication. Pastors who observe the 
S).:ial days in their preaching pro- 
gjn will find it especially helpful. 
K RUARY 3. 1962 



And to those who do not give atten- 
tion to the Christian year in preach- 
ing, Blackwood's opening chapter 
will be of interest as he makes 
a rather convincing case for such 
a preaching emphasis. — Carl E. 
Myers. 

Worship Services Using the Arts. 
Louise H. Curry and Chester M. 
Wetzel. Westminster Press, 1961. 
251 pages. $4.50. 

Here are twenty-six worship serv- 
ices covering five areas of time or 
thought in the Christian year and 
experience. For instance, eight of 
them are suitable for Christmas; four 
concern Easter and the risen, con- 
tinuing Christ; five are on the theme 
of the incarnation; and five deal with 
the kingdom of God in general. 

These services are the arts — 
music, drama, pictures, etc. — and 
are for children of all ages and for 
adults. They are so constructed as 
to be suggestive to the creative user, 
making possible a rich variety in 
presentation and appeal. Some are 
calm and serious, some are light and 
gay, but all are deeply reverent. 

To show the variety of material 
and approach the one. The Creation, 
is based on James Weldon Johnson's 
famous Negro folk sermon. Another, 
The Crucifixion, uses his folk sermon 
by that name. Then there are those 
like We Would See Jesus, which use 
the Scriptural text, along with the 
great hymns and carols of the church 
to present the message. A Round of 
Carols uses the Christmas carols and 
presents their national background 
and contribution to our celebration of 
the birth of Christ. 

The authors are Louise H. Curry, 
who is drama consultant and direc- 
tor of junior youth and speaking 
choirs at the First Methodist church, 
Germantovim, Pa., and Chester M. 
Wetzel, now minister of Christian 
education at the West Side Presby- 
terian church, Ridgewood, N. J. Both 
have had backgrounds of excellent 
training for this labor of love they 
have shared with us. 

The authors stress two things: first, 
that these services are in the nature 
of suggestions or guides and should 
be freely adapted or changed to meet 
the particular need or facilities avail- 
able; second, that directors of wor- 
ship should not be slowed down by 



the fear that there is not enough 
talent in their church. It should be 
kept in mind that the persons who 
use these creatively will put in con- 
siderable work, for they involve the 
use of many persons and a wide 
variety of materials. For creative 
souls, and worship leaders should be 
such, they are a rich store of ma- 
terials. — Charles E. Zunkel, Port 
Republic, Va. 

Treasure in Earthen Vessels. James 
M. Gustafson. Harper and Brothers, 
1961. 141 pages. $3.50. 

This book offers a refreshing 
new approach to understanding the 
church. Its purpose is to weave to- 
gether the various strands of social 
theory into a fabric of knowledge 
about the church as a human institu- 
tion. This is a sociology of the 
church, and it is well done. 

The author succeeds in isolating 
social and psychological processes 
which are active in the religious 
community, past and present. He 
asserts that these processes are com- 
mon to all human social institutions 
and communities. Furthermore, a 
purely theological interpretation of 
the church is insufficient for a com- 
plete understanding. It does not ac- 
count for all facets of the church's 
life. A social interpretation, joined 
with a theological interpretation, ex- 
plains a wider range of phenomenon 
in the religious community. 

The writer does not make the 
mistake, however, of assuming that 
the church is merely human or that 
God does not express or reveal him- 
self through it, his "earthen vessel." 
The uniqueness of the church is in 
its object of loyalty and commitment 
and in its understanding of that ob- 
ject, God in Jesus Christ. 

In attempting to account for 
as much as possible by a social 
theory of the church, the author, 
of course, steals from the theological 
"egg-basket." Those interested in 
theology will readily see in this in- 
terpretation, however, that it may 
be necessary to begin to take into 
account the importance of natural 
social psychological processes within 
the religious community in any at- 
tempt to construct a theory of the 
church. Social thought has much to 
contribute here. It is here that this 
book will carry an impact. It is the 
first serious attempt of a scholar 
steeped both in sociological theory 
and theology to bring together an 
integrated social theory of the Chris- 
tian church. — Emmert F. Bittinger, 
Hagerstown, Md. 

23 



News and Comment From Around the Worll 



3.000 Cross Border for Christmas 
Celebrations in Bethlehem 

An estimated 3,000 pilgrims 
crossed the frontier between Israel 
and Jordan for Christmas celebra- 
tions in the town where Christ was 
bom. Some 300 other persons were 
denied permits by the Jordan author- 
ities, who apparently classified them 
as security risks. 

More than half the visitors were 
Christian Arabs from Israel. Besides 
Latin and Eastern Rite Catholics, the 
pilgrims included groups of Angli- 
cans and Protestants who met at 
Shepherds Field, where the angels 
brought tidings of the newborn Sav-, 
ior, to sing carols and join in a feast 
of roasted lamb. 

Greeting the pilgrims on their ar- 
rival in Bethlehem was a huge illu- 
minated Christmas tree placed in 
Manger Square, opposite the Basil- 
ica of the Nativity. 

Pacifists and Nonpacifists 
to Hold Consultation 

The Third Assembly of the World 
Council of Churches authorized the 
convening of a consultation between 
pacifists and nonpacifists. 

They will meet in an ecumenical 
setting to study the witness that the 
Christian is called upon to give to 
the cause of peace. The consulta- 
tion, which will last for about one 
week, will consider the Biblical and 
theological bases for such witness. 

The World Council's Division of 
Studies will arrange the date and 
place of the consultation and issue 
the invitations. 

Methodist Publishing House 
Marks 1 00th Year in India 

Indian public officials and noted 
churchmen joined in celebrating the 
100th anniversary of the Lucknow 
Publishing House, the oldest unit of 
its kind operated by the Methodist 
Church in Southern Asia. 

Governor Rama Krishna Rao of 
the state of Uttar Pradesh, of which 
Lucknow is the capital, praised the 
publishing house for "its wholesome 
literature" produced over the course 
of a century in seven Indian 
languages. 

The House was founded in 1861, 
five years after the arrival of the 
first American Methodist mission- 
aries in India. Besides turning out 
religious books in English and Indian 
languages, it sei-ved India by pub- 
lishing many scholarly works, not- 
ably the famed Hindustani and Urdu 
24 



dictionaries. As it grew, the publish- 
ing house also produced highly pop- 
ular school and college textbooks. 

Since 1871 it has published The 
Indian Witness, the official publica- 
tion of the Methodist Church in 
India. 

Japan United Church of Christ 
Plans National Youth 
Organization 

For the first time since it was 
formed in 1941 the United Church of 
Christ in Japan will have a national 
youth organization. The denomina- 
tion's Youth Council will be formed 
at a constituting convention in May. 
Following the meeting, a mass Chris- 
tian youth rally will be held. 

The main purpose of the national 
body will be to stimulate organiza- 
tion of additional youth groups in 
districts and churches and provide 
a channel of communication between 
the church and young people. 

Passion Play Revised Following 
Criticisms of Anti-Semitism 

Officials of the Oberammergau 
Passion Play Committee have con- 
firmed that the world-famous pro- 
duction, which was alleged to con- 
tain anti-Semitic passages, will be 
revised before its next presentation, 
probably in 1970. 

The new revision will be the 
seventh for the play, first presented in 
1634 by villagers of Oberammergau 
to fulfill a vow of thanksgiving for 
deliverance from the Black Plague. 
Traditionally it has been performed 
every ten years. 

In announcing the revision, com- 
mittee officials made no reference to 
the anti-Jewish allegations. In 1960 
the German Interfaith Coordination 
Committee inferred that some parts 
of the play might arouse anti-Semitic 
prejudices in spectators and that it 
would study its text. Jewish groups 
in the U.S. also charged that the 
play had anti-Semitic and Nazi 
tendencies. 

Protestant, Catholic Clergy in 
Brazil Hold Ecumenical Parleys 

A series of monthly conferences 
has been launched in Rio de Janeiro, 
at which Protestant and Roman 
Catholic clergy and laymen discuss 
the ecumenical movement. 

At each consultation one specific 
topic is considered, such as the forth- 
coming Second Vatican Council and 
the recent Third Assembly of the 
World Council of Churches. 



The meetings are noted for 
friendly atmosphere in which t 
are conducted, despite obvious 
ferences of viewpoints, and for 
mutual respect shown for the par 
ipants' respective doctrines. 

Sessions are held at the offices 
the Catholic Confederation of Rio 
Janeiro. In addition to Catholics 
meetings are attended by Episco 
lians, Presbyterians, Methodists, ; 
Baptists. 

Scottish Church Campaign 
Against "Quickie" Teen-age 
Marriages 

A campaign has been launched 
the Church of Scotland to end 
increasing number of teen- 
"quickie" marriages taking place 
Gretna Green, a small Scottish 
lage only a half mile from the E 
lish border. 

About two hundred young coujis 
elope every year to Gretna Greer!) 
take advantage of Scotland's libd 
marriage law pennitting weddis 
of sixteen-year-olds without pareil 
consent. The couples come from E 
land and other European countr . 

As part of this drive against sn 
practices, the church is likely to s \' 
legislation restricting teen-age n 
riages in Scotland. 

Lutheran Church — Missouri 
Synod Reports Elementary 
School Gains 

The Lutheran Church-Miss( 
Synod has noted an increase in 
total enrollment of students in 
elementary schools in North An 
ica. For the 1961-62 school year, 
total enrollment is 150,440. Th 
new schools were started last yi, 
bringing the total number to 1,3. 
These are served by 5,525 teach:, 
an increase of about 200 over 19!. 

In addition, the church oper;iS 
community high schools, board!,' 
high schools, and elementary sch(,i 
in Argentina and Brazil. The ^'- 
souri Synod maintains the larjt 
elementary school system of : 
Protestant denomination. The J- 
ond largest is the General Con- 
ence of Seventh-day Adventists. 

Bible Society Honors 
Missionary for Indian Tongue 
Translation 

A Church of the Nazarene v 

sionary who worked twenty-: 

years to give the Kekchi-speak 

Indians of Guatemala their first w 

GOSPEL MESSENC 



t language and their first printed 
Hole — a translation of the New Tes- 
t lent — was honored recently by 
t'' American Bible Society. 
;!vVilIiam Sedat, missionary-linguist, 
vjo first went to Guatemala in 1936, 
vs given a citation and a life mem- 
Lship in the Bible Society. The 
s iety helped to finance and print 
t Bible translation into Kekchi. 

n Guatemala there are some 
2 ),000 Indians who speak Kekchi, 
c;; of more than 20 Mayan lan- 
giiges in that country. 

Ibbis Not Agreed on Verdict 
c Death for Adolph Eichmann 

K survey on many of New York's 
Jyish spiritual leaders revealed that 
tlire was no unanimity among rab- 
bi on the Israeli court's sentence of 
dith by hanging in the case of 
Aalph Eichmann. 

!ome felt that the sentence was 
ji : and according to Jewish law. 
Ciers believed that Jewish justice 
w.ald have been better served 
tl Dugh a life imprisonment sentence 
f( the former Nazi official who was 
roonsible for the killing of six mil- 
li I Jews. 

n Jerusalem, meanwhile. Dr. Zer- 
a.| Wahrhaftig, Israel's minister of 
ngious affairs, said the sentence of 
d th was in keeping with Jewish 
n gious law. He said, however, that 
h would object to an execution he- 
ir; held in Jerusalem because the 
01 is regarded as holy. 

S ine for Dead Sea Scrolls 
Uder Construction in Israel 

V. sanctuary to house some of the 
did Sea Scrolls has been started 
ir erusalem with funds contributed 
b; the Gottesman Foundation of 
N V York. 

i"o be known as the Shrine of the 
Bilk, the sanctuary will be estab- 
li:ied on the site of the Israel Mu- 
stiji, now under construction. 

The sanctuary is being built by 
tl Israeli government through its 
a; ncy, the Israel American Museum 
Fimdation. Documents to be stored 
at he shrine include the Bar Kochba 
diuments, fifteeen letters dis- 
pel ;hed by Bar Kochba, Hebrew 
notary leader to the commanders 
oi'he rebelhon against the Romans 
irihe Dead Sea district in 135 A.D. 
mong the Dead Sea Scrolls to 
bi; exhibited in the shrine will be 
til two oldest known manuscripts 
oil he Book of the Prophet Isaiah — 
tl Manual of Discipline, containing 
tl book of statutes and regulations 
ol he Essenes Sect, and the Com- 
m itary of Habbakuk. 

Fl R.UARY 3, 1962 



Nationwide Drive for ^ 

Blankets for Needy 

A nationwide drive to collect at 
least a million pounds of blankets 
to meet urgent appeals from refugees 
and disaster victims in twenty-five 
countries abroad has been launched 
by Church World Service. 

Representing more than thirty 
major Protestant and Orthodox 
bodies. Church World Service offi- 
cials said recent heavy allotments to 
hurricane survivors in British Hon- 
duras and to Cuban refugees in Mi- 
ami have depleted the supply of 
blankets needed for winter weather. 

Among the more urgent requests 
for blankets and comforters are those 
from war victims in Algeria, Tunisia, 
and the Congo; refugees in Hong 
Kong, Burma, Egypt, Austria, India, 
Korea, and Turkey; and disaster vic- 
tims or destitute people in Greece, 
Chile, Ghana, Jordan, Liberia, Oki- 
nawa, and the Philippines. 

Church Group Sues Advertising 
Firm for Breach of Contract 

A $5,000 breach of contract suit 
has been filed against an advertising 
firm by the Christian Action League 
of North Carolina, charging the com- 
pany with rescinding an agreement 
to display antiliquor posters on four- 
teen outdoor billboards in the Char- 
lotte area during the Christmas 
season. 

The evangelical interdenomina- 
tional group representing eleven 
church bodies said that the Schloss 
Poster Advertising Company of 
Charlotte, after contracting to erect 
the displays, notified the league it 
"did not intend to carry out its part 
of the agreement." 

Meanwhile D. P. McFarland, the 
league's executive director, said that 
"to make billboard advertisements 
available to the brewers and to ex- 
clude groups who believe in total 
abstinence is unfair to the public 
and in a sense constitutes thought 
control. The league holds that its 
right to advertise in all media used 
by the brewers should be maintained 
and therefore has filed this suit for 
damages." 

United Church of Christ Plans 
Housing for Elderly 

The United Church of Christ re- 
cently outlined plans to build re- 
tirement centers in ten states for 
persons over sixty-two years. 

The first project in the long-range 
plan is scheduled to open in January 
1964. It will consist of clusters of 
from thirty to seventy unfurnished 



housing units, each of which wiU 
cost between $8,000 and $10,000 to 
build, and will be rented for betsveen 
$60 and $80 a month. 

Near the center of the ring of 
housing clusters will be a core unit 
designed primarily to accommodate 
old people unable or not desiring to 
maintain individual living units. 
Health services will be available at 
the core unit from a staff of nurses 
and aids at a cost of $4 a day. Ten- 
ants will be free to move from one 
to another unit within a project or 
to move out entirely. There will be 
no life tenancy agreement, no as- 
signment of assets, no admission 
charge, and no contract by which 
relatives pledge support. 

Lawrence M. Upton, head of the 
national program for the church, 
said "long-term bargain basement 
loans available from the federal gov- 
ernment" had enabled the church to 
get away from the institutional type 
of living sponsored in its homes for 
the aging in past years. 

German Protestants Mark 125th 
Anniversary of Mission Society 

Church ceremonies in Berlin 
marked the 125th anniversary of the 
Gossner Mission Society, one of Ger- 
many's oldest and most important 
Protestant missionary organizations. 

The society's activities have been 
mainly concentrated in the past in 
establishing a church which now 
numbers about 250,000 members. 

Since the end of World War II, 
the missionary group has worked on 
a special project to send mobile 
churches and tents into the Soviet 
Zone, where religious activity is at 
a minimum. However, this effort has 
been stopped by the Communist 
closing of the border. 

For several years the society also 
has sponsored a program of ecumen- 
ical work camps, some of which have 
been held in East Germany. 

National Review Board 
Committee Names Question 
7 Best Film 

The Lutheran film. Question Sev- 
en, has been named the best picture 
of 1961 by the Exceptional Films 
Committee of the National Board of 
Review, an independent film review- 
ing agency in New York City. 

Also included in the list of ten 
best films of the year, ranking fifth, 
was The Hoodlum Priest, which was 
based on the career of a Roman 
Catholic priest in St. Louis and 
which featured Don Muiray in that 
role. 



National Council Department 
Calls for Abolition of Capital 
Punishment 

Capital punishment is "contrary 
to the laws of God," members of 
the Department of Pastoral Services 
of the National Council of Churches 
have stated in a resolution calhng for 
its abolition. 

Their views, plus an accompany- 
ing statement of fact and opinion on 
the subject, are now being studied 
by denominational and local church 
committees. The resolution declares, 
"The claim is rejected that the death 
penalty is justified as retribution for 
crime, that it is a deterrent to crimes 
of violence, or that it protects society 
from dangerous persons." 

Backing this stand, the resolution 
quotes from National Prisoner Sta- 
tistics, No. 26, covering the period 
from 1930 to 1960. In that time, 
says the fact sheet, 3,724 people 
were executed in the United States, 
more than half of them Negroes. Of 
the 57 executed in the nation in 
1960, 22 were white and 35 were 
Negro. Of the latter, 24 were exe- 
cuted in Southern states. 

Of the fifty states, nine are listed 
as abolition states, but Delaware, 
which abolished the death penalty 
in 1958, has voted to restore it. 

The resolution declares that on the 
basis of their study, "Our studies 
lead us to the conclusion that the 
death penalty in the United States 
cannot be justified and should be 
abolished." 

Negro Named Peace Corps 
Head in Nigeria 

A prominent Negro clergyman 
and educator has been appointed as 
Peace Coips representative to Ni- 
geria. He is Dr. Samuel DeWitt 
Proctor, an ordained Baptist minister 
and president of North Carolina Ag- 
ricultural and Technical College. He 
will direct Peace Corps work in the 
Africa nation while on a two-year 
leave of absence from the academic 
post. 

Missionary Convention Told 
of Congo's Need for Doctors 

An expanded Christian medical 
aid program would help to save the 
Congo from communism, according 
to Dr. Glen Tuttle of the Congo 
Protestant Relief Agency. 

He told the second International 
Convention on Missionary Medicine 
that his agency is calling for a hun- 
dred doctors to serve a five-year term 
in the Congo. He said the mass 
exodus of medical personnel from 
26 



the Congo following independence 
resulted in much suflFering among the 
Congolese and that outbreaks of 
smallpox are now being reported. 

He said, "The principal need is 
for general practitioners to man 
small hospitals, although there are 
also many requirements for special- 
ists in the larger hospitals." 

While there were some 750 doc- 
tors in the Congo prior to independ- 
ence, the number is now about 250. 
Of this number, sixty are Protestant 
medical missionaries. Many hospi- 
tals in the Congo have not even a 
single doctor. 

West German Evangelical Synod 
Permits Ordination of Women 

A law permitting women to be 
ordained as ministers has been ap- 
proved by the Synod of the Evangel- 
ical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck in 
West Germany. 

Under the new law, ordained 
women will have the same rights as 
their male colleagues and will be 
authorized, in principle, to preach 
and administer the sacraments. They 
will hold the title of "pastoress" and 
wear robes corresponding to those 
of pastors. 

Before a woman may be appointed 
as a parish minister, however, she 
must first obtain the consent of the 
bishop and approval of the parish. 

The ordination of women was ap- 
proved by synods of various regional 
Evangehcal Churches in Germany 
during the acute clergy shortage 
after World War II. Previously 
women could study theology but 
were not eligible for ordination and 
appointment as pastors. 



Anniversaries 

Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Lewis of La- 
fayette, Ind., faithful members of the 
Fairview church, celebrated their fifty- 
second wedding anniversary on Nov. 
25, 196 L They have ten children, for- 
ty-two grandchildren, and three great- 
grandchildren. — Mary E. Hufford, La- 
fayette, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Waldo Peter of Lafay- 
ette, Ind., members of the Fairview 
church, celebrated their fifty-fifth wed- 
ding anniversary on Jan. 20, 1962. — 
Mary E. Hufford, Lafayette, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs, Archie Rhan observed 
their fifty-sixth wedding anniversary on 
Nov. 29, 1961. They have two daugh- 
ters and two grandsons. — Mary L. 
Riethof, Lafayette Hill, Pa. 

Brother and Sister Charles Spicher of 
Du Bois, Pa., celebrated their sixtieth 
wedding anniversary on Jan. 1, 1962. 
They have eight children all of whom 
were present for the occasion, thirty- 
four grandchildren, thirty-nine great- 



grandchildren, and two great-gr« 
grandchildren. They have been act 
members of the Bethel congregati 
Pa., for all of their married life, serv 
the church in the office of deacon 
many years. — E. M. Hertzler, Rockt 
Pa. 



Obituaries 



Borden, Sylvia, daughter of W. 
and Lucindia Carpenter Ross, died 
Seymour, Ind., Feb. 7, 1961. She 
came a member of the Church of 
Brethren thirty-six years ago. She \ 
married to J. T. Borden on Nov. 
1913. Surviving are her husband, ( 
daughter, two grandchildren, and ( 
sister. The funeral service was o 
ducted by Brethren E. L. McCuUoi 
and John Smeltzer, and birrial was™j 
the Riverview cemetery. — Mrs. 
Berry, Pendleton, Ind. 

Dinger, Amy, daughter of Solon 
and Leah Kreider Heisey, was bi 
June 10, 1910, and died Dec. 26, 19 
She was a member of the Midv 
church, Pa. Surviving are her husba' 
P. Clarence Dinger, one daught 
three brothers, and two sisters. ^ 
funeral service was conducted in 
Midway church by Brethren Paul 
Forney and Earl Forney, and bui 
was in the adjoining cemetery. — Eli 
beth B. Kreider, Lebanon, Pa. 

Eberly, Alvin B., died Dec. 25, 19 
at Altoona, Pa., at the age of nin 
years. He was a member of the Ephr 
church. Pa. Surviving are two dau) 
ters and three grandsons. The fune 
service was conducted in the Ephr 
church by Bro. Guy E. Wampler, 
and burial was in the Cedar Hill cei 
tery. — Mrs. H. Spencer Fry, Terre H 
Pa. 

Flory, John S., son of Daniel s 
Susanna Wampler Flory, was b( 
March 29, 1866, at Broadway, Va., a 
died Nov. 27, 1961, at Bridgewater, " 
He was twice married, first to Nan 
Coppock in 1897, who died one y 
later, and second to Vinnie Mikesel 
1908, who died in 1958. Surviving i 
five children. — Mattie V. Click, Bridi 
water, Va. 

Murphy, Manville E., son of Al' 
and Margaret Ross Murphy, was b< 
July 30, 1911, in Jackson County, In 
and died Nov. 1, 1961, at Crothersvi) 
Ind. On Nov. 7, 1934, he was marri 
to Iva Morgan. Surviving are his wi 
two sons, four brothers, and two h 
sisters. He was a member of the N 
Hope church in Indiana, serving in I 
office of deacon. Funeral service v 
held at the New Hope church by B 
Raymond LaRue, assisted by R 
Marion Ellis of the Freetown Christi 
church, and burial was in the Uni< 
town cemetery. — Mrs. Gertrude 
Seymour, Ind. 

Roberts, Isaac Walter, son of Ard 
bald and Anna DeVault Roberts, V 
born at Antioch, W. Va., Sept. 4, 181 
and died at Keyser, W. Va., Jan. 
1962. He was a member of the Knob! 
church, W. Va. The funeral service W 
conducted by the undersigned, and h 
ial was in the Roberts cemetery at M 
tin, W. Va. — C. H. Cameron, Keysi 
W. Va. 

Robinette, Matilda, daughter of Sal 

uel and Susan Miller Maust, died D 

GOSPEL MESSENG 



J 1961, at the age of seventy-nine 
y'rs. She was married to Arnold 
iSinette, who preceded her in death. 
had been a long-time member of 
f Sipesville church, Pa. Surviving 
a four children, nineteen grandchil- 
d D, and five great-grandchildren. The 
fi eral service was conducted by Bro. 
El C. Brubaker, and burial was in 
ti Sipesville cemetery. — Mrs. A. G. 
Must, Sipesville, Pa. 

toss, Herbert L., son of Roscoe and 
la Belle Bridges Ross, was born Aug. 
1 1921, in Jennings County, Ind., and 
dl Sept. 30, 1961, at Crothersville, 
I: . On Aug. 26, 1945, he was married 
ti Charlotte Elkins. Surviving are his 
V ?, three children, his father, six 
fathers, and three sisters. He was a 
n nber of the New Hope church, Ind., 
w ire tlie funeral service was conducted 
b Bro. Kenneth Fisher of Spencer, 
Co, assisted by Bro. Carnie Carpen- 
b; of Clarksville, Ind. Burial was in 
tl Riverview cemetery in Seymour, 
L . — Mrs. Gertrude Cox, Seymour, 
Ii. 

loyer, Irene, was born July 19, 1872, 
a died Nov. 13, 1961, at the Brethren 
t lie. New Oxford, Pa. She was a 
n nber of the Black Rock church in 
d Upper Codorus congregation. Sur- 
vng are two sons, three daughters, 
eiteen grandchildren, and forty-four 
g »t-grandchildren. The memorial 
a ice was conducted in the Black 
B k church by Brethren Earl K. Zieg- 
kand N. S. Sellers, and burial was in 
tl adjoining cemetery. — Lydia M. Res- 
si Manchester, Md. 

,,ust, John A., was born in Texas 
Cmty, Mo., Dec. 8, 1884, and died 
at^iis home south of Cabool, Sept. 29, 
111. In 1911 he was married to Jen- 
a Mason, who preceded him in death 
n:1931. In 1939 he was married to 
E othy Oxley, who survives. Also 
SI iving are one son, one daughter, 
tl e brothers, three sisters, and three 
gjiidchildren. He had been a faithful 
wker in die Cabool church for many 
yip. The funeral service was con- 
dted by Bro. Lee Kendall in the 
C,'Ool church, and burial was in the 
P.isant Grove cemetery. — Muriel Rey- 
ni 1, Elgin, 111. 

iheidy, B. Frank, was born July 4, 
1114, and ched near Bernville, Pa., Nov. 
1'1961. Surviving are his wife. Flora 
Rer Sheidy, one daughter, two sons, 
ai| five grandchildren. The funeral 
K|ice was conducted in the Maiden 
C ek church by the undersigned, as- 
ard by Rev. Frank W. Ruth of St. 
T mas United Church of Christ. Burial 
w, in the Viewpoint cemetery. — Cyrus 
Bj*Crall, Myerstown, Pa. 

jimmons, Neita, daughter of George 
sal Anna Smith, died Dec. 6, 1961, in 
K|sas City, Mo., at the age of sixty- 
oii years. On Nov. 1, 1925, she was 
niried to Charles D. Simmons, who 
di; in May 1954. Surviving are two 
sc'f and three daughters. She was a 
miiber of the Church of the Brethren. 
Tl funeral service was conducted by 
B Herbert Zeiler, and burial was in 
tti Pleasant Mound cemetery. — Mag- 
gii Simmons, Osceola, Mo. 

iiaid, Elvie Catherine, daughter of 
Nliolas and Sarah Angeline Anderson 
S]|d, was born at Concord, W. Va., 
aij died at Yellow Springs, W. Va., 
Dl. 2, 1961, at the age of eighty-three 
y< s. She had been a member of the 



Church of the Brethren for sixty-one 
years. The funeral service was con- 
ducted at the Congregational Christian 
church by Rev. Paul Dick, pastor of 
the Brethren church at Winchester, Va. 

— Daniel B. Spaid, Junior, W. Va. 
Spitzer, Jennie, daughter of Mr. and 

Mrs. Noah Early, was born near Mt. 
Sidney, Va., Dec. 26, 1868, and died 
Dec. 2, 1961. She was a sister of H. C. 
Early, and the last surviving member 
of her family. On Dec. 24, 1889, she 
was married to Bro. Isaac Spitzer, who 
preceded her in deatli. She was a mem- 
ber of the Middle River church, and was 
active in church affairs as long as health 
permitted. Surviving are three sons, 
five grandchildren, and thirteen great- 
grandchildren. The memorial service 
was conducted in the Middle River 
church by Bro. Marvin Clingenpeel, 
and burial was in the nearby cemetery. 

— Mae V. Diehl, Staunton, Va. 
Stephens, Frank Robert, son of Smith 

and Rosetta Lineback Stephens, was 
born in Wells County, Ind., March 21, 
1923, and died following an automobile 
accident Nov. 22, 1961. Surviving are 
his father, four brothers, and one sister. 
He was a member of the Markle church, 
Ind. The funeral service was conducted 
by Bro. W. C. Stinebaugh. — Jayde 
Brumbaugh, Markle, Ind. 

Stevens, India, daughter of Isaac and 
Minnie Lybrook Hart, was born Dec. 1, 
1893, in Wayne County, Ind., and died 
Jan. 31, 1961. She was married to J. 
Everett Stevens on Oct. 15, 1913. She 
was a member of the Four Mile church, 
Ind. Surviving are her husband, two 
sons, six grandchildren, and one great- 
grandson. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by Bro. Glenn Rohrer, and burial 
was in the College Corner cemetery, 
Ohio. — Mrs. Joseph Turner, Richmond, 
Ind. 

Swallom, Joseph Edward, was bom 
June 17, 1875, in Iowa, and died at 
Omak, Wash., Nov. 29, 1961. He was 
married to Lulu V. Dilley on June 30, 
1898. He was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. Surviving are his wife, 
two sons, two daughters, fourteen 
grandchildren, and fifteen great-grand- 
children. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by Rev. C. Thiele, and burial 
was in the Okanogan Valley Memorial 
Gardens. — Florence L. Breshears, 
Omak, W^sh. 



Church News 

Southern California and Arizona 

Covina — Some of our members at- 
tended Annual Conference at Long 
Beach for the first time. Three children 
were dedicated on Children's Day. Two 
have been received by letter and ten 
have been baptized following a mem- 
bership training program conducted by 
the pastor, Harry Thomas. During the 
absence of the pastor, the pulpit was 
filled by Jack Melhorn, a professor at 
La Verne College and a former interim 
pastor; Stanley Keller, district executive 
secretary and also a former pastor; and 
Galen Walker of La Verne. Marilyn 
Thomas has assumed the duties of 
church secretary. We observed com- 
munion on World Communion Sunday. 
The congegation cooperates in the com- 
munity school of missions each year. 



The theological 
basis of 

Christian ethics 

The Context 

of Decision 

GORDON D. KAUFAAAN 

This succinct introduction to 
the central problem of eth- 
ics — decision making — de- 
scribes in forthright terms 
the theological context of the 
Christian life. Dr. Kaufman's 
analysis of the nature of the 
self and the nature of deci- 
sion is concise enough not to 
be encumbered with techni- 
cal terminology, yet long 
enough to give a picture of 
the "Christian point of view" 
on ethics. $2.50 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



lUARY 3, 1962 



Completing the financial year, we met 
our commitments to La Verne College, 
the district, and the General Brother- 
hood Board. The ladies' aid sews for 
relief. They sent a sum of money to 
Lloyd Thomas, son of the pastor, to pur- 
chase Christmas gifts for the refugees 
among whom he is working in Germany. 
The women of our congregation co- 
operate with the United Church Women 
of the valley. — Margaret B. Fesler, 
Covina, Calif. 

Iowa-Minnesota 

English Prairie — A number from our 
church attended the district meeting 
and regional conference. The love feast 
was observed on World Communion 
Sunday. Ray Zook and Lyle Albright 
conducted a church-pastoral relations 
conference. Joe and Kay Grove at- 
tended a seminar on Africa at the 
United Nations as delegates of the 
Inter-Church Council. Bro. Paul E. 
Miller held a week's evangehstic meet- 
ings. Three were baptized. The home- 
builders and the children of the Sim- 
day school decorated a Christmas tree 
with money to be sent to Dick and Sara 
Ann Bittinger in Africa. The pastor, 
J. J. Johnson, attended a course. Con- 
tinuing Education in the Ministry, at 

27 



71 



ew 

CHURCH 
PROGRAMS 

with the Aging 

ELISE T. CULVER 



Here are the concrete, work- 
able ways to guide, enrich and 
utiHze the Hves of "post-re- 
tirees" in common service to 
God and man. That they have 
special needs — in income, diet, 
housing, emotional reactions, 
protection for the future, is 
amply recognized and ex- 
plained in opening chapters 
that offer careful, imaginative 
guidance. Then the bulk of 
the book is devoted to prepar- 
ing the aging for their new 
roles in worship, religious edu- 
cation, recreation, social and 
pohtical action. $3.50 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



WILL SAVE YOU MONEY 

Federal Tax Primer for Clergymen 



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1962 Edition 

Don't make out 
your 1961 Income 
Tax Return without 
this invaluable 
handbook that puts 
DOLLARS in your 
pocket. Sales in- 
creasing every 
year. A must for 
every congregation- 
al Board, pastor, 
evangelist, mission- 
ary. Also faculty 
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Yale University, Jan. 15-28. Christmas 
was phserved with a service by the 
choir and children of the Sunday school. 
Organ music was provided on Christmas 

28 



Eve, when families could come to the 
church for meditation. — Ollie Coffman, 
South English, Iowa. 

Western Kansas 

Pleasant View — The Bittingers 
showed slides of their work with the 
Navajo Indians one evening. The Man- 
chester College male quartet presented 
a program at the family night supper. 
Bro. Calvin Cheek is serving us as pas- 
tor this year and Bro. Harley Stump 
continues as elder. Delegates to dis- 
trict meeting at Hutchinson were Mr. 
and Mrs. Glen Finfrock. In commem- 
oration of the one hundredth year of 
the state of Kansas, the congregation 
along with the members of the Church 
of the Brethren at the Castleton Union 
church presented the pageant, Dunker 
Heritage in Kansas, by Myrtle Crist 
Porter. A pioneer-type supper was 
served. Harold Bomberger, pastor of 
the McPherson church, spoke at the 
Christmas party. The children's de- 
partment presented a Christmas pageant 
as part of the regular worship service 
on Dec. 24. The women have been 
making baby comforters and gathering 
clothing for relief. — Mrs. Melvin Horn- 
baker, Hutchinson, Kansas. 

Salem — The church and Sunday 
school officers were installed following 
the promotion program by the Sunday 
school on Sept. 24. Seventy of our 
members attended communion on Oct. 
1. The women have sewed clothing 
and knotted comforters for Church 
World Service. They spent one day at 
the Cedars giving a program for the 
guests there. A number of our mem- 
bers attended the district meeting at 
the Hutchinson church. Bro. Edward 
Murray of Roanoke, La., led the evange- 
listic service Nov. 18-25. Five were 
baptized and six were received by 
letter during the past year. We re- 
peated the pageant, Brethren History in 
Kansas, when the district youth were 
entertained. The children gave a Christ- 
mas program on the evening of Dec. 17. 
The missionary committee planned 
programs for each Sunday evening in 
January. — Mrs. J. M. Carney, Nicker- 
son, Kansas. 

Missouri 
Osceola — Sponsored by the minis- 
terial alliance, the cliildren went out for 
trick or treating for UNICEF on Hal- 
loween evening. They received over 
$72. Bro. Jim Mohler was guest minis- 
ter for Oct. 8. The women's fellowship 
sent clothing to Church World Service. 
The pastor, Bro. Robert Sooby, officiated 
at the love feast on Nov. 18. Our congre- 
gation participated in the union Thanks- 
giving service. On Dec. 8, we wel- 
comed Brother and Sister Waldo Jones 
from the Oak Grove church, where 
services are held no longer. On Dec. 
18, we had a Christmas supper. Two 
couples in our congregation have been 
married sixty-two years, Sam and Ella 
Strong and Dan and Myra Gripe. — 
Maggie Simmons, Osceola, Mo. 

Nebraska 
Beati-ice — A former pastor, Bro. Wil- 
liam Gahm, was a Standing Committee 
delegate to Annual Conference; his wife 
was delegate from the local church. 
The various Sunday school classes were 
in charge of the morning worship serv- 
ices in June. We began a joint pastoral 



program with the South Beatrice chvj 
on the first of September, with '. 
John Ditmars serving the two churc 
Bro. Edward Duncan, executive se 
tary for Colorado and Nebraska, sho- 
slides of the Nebraska churches, 
was also guest minister on the tl 
Sunday morning in November. We 
our Christmas program on the evei 
of Dec. 17. Besides our overseas re! 
the women's fellowship has given 
to Alaska and also at home. Sister E 
Bryant represented our congregation 
the World Community Day ser\ 
Clothing and schoolbags were givenj 
the children of Latin America, 
observed communion on World C 
munion Sunday. — Mrs. Ruth Di| 
Beatrice, Nebr. 

Middle Indiana 

West Manchester — Under the giS 
ance of the department of stewardif 
and finance, the fellowship enhstn 
program ended successfully witl ) 
loyalty dinner on Dec. 10. Roli 
McCleam of Markle was the guest 
rector. In observance of Christrl 
we had a play on Christmas Eve an 
live nativity scene on the church la 
Many of the young people helped v 
the latter project. The children ha| 
Christmas stocking dime project ai 
this year, with the money being usa 
medical aid for the Navajo Indi:! 
We studied Latin American countis 
in our January school of missions jl 
ended with a birthday banquet on '; 
first Sunday evening of February. -] 
G. Hoover, Manchester, Ind. 



Southern Indiana 

Buck Creek — Three of our jui 
boys atterided Camp Mack. The f 
Petra, was shown in July. We his 
elected four new deacons and |i 
deaconess. Bro. Robert Goodson C- 
ducted our revival in September. Bij' 
Jane Garmichael and Martha Lou I- 
vey were delegates to district meet'. 
The women's fellowship is making c(i- 
forters, rolling bandages, and coll- 
ing shoes and other clothing for re! 
Several from the congregation atten 
the workshop at White Branch. N 
Cross was present at the steward^ 
conference at North Manchester, 
had our homecoming in Septeml 
Some improvements have been m : 
around the church, cedars having bjt 
planted in front, and the sanctuary 
Sunday school rooms redecorated, 
young people's class presented the p. 
Home for Christmas on Dec. 17 
Carl Hilbert of Hagerstown will 
the pulpit while the pastor and his 
are on vacation in Florida. — Mrs. G 
erine Swinger, Muncie, Ind. 

Indianapolis, Northview — We 
served communion on World Comni 
ion Sunday. The men assisted ; 
finance committee in the every-mem 
canvass for commitments for the coir.j 
year. Children were consecrated 
the vesper service on Nov. 12. Folk 
ing this we had a Thanksgiving fell( 
ship meeting with a carry-in dinner : 
a program. The women contributed 
the white gift offerings for the Whe( 
mission in downtown Indianapc 
Canned goods and staple foods hel) 
to replenish the mission supphes 
the coming year. On Dec. 10, our c 
gregation was host to the section ! 
youth conference. The pastor, Geo 
GOSPEL MESSENC 






I 



etweiler, was the speaker. Gilbert 
iecker, who was in charge of Gospel 
{(essenger subscriptions for the coming 
'jar, renewed efforts to have the Mes- 
inger reach every church family. On 
'•ec. 17, the church observed a fellow- 
l:ip night with a carry-in supper and a 
Ihristmas program by the young people. 
n the following Sunday, at the morn- 
Ig worship hour, the choir sang many 
' the well-known Christmas carols. — 
'nnis Heiny, Noblesville, Ind. 
' New Hope — Bro. Estle McCullough 

Pendleton moderated the fall council 
leeting when the Sunday school and 
lurch officers were elected. The new 
istor, Raymond LaRue, began his serv- 
Ije the first of September. On Nov. 19, 
'e had a dedication service for the new- 
j purchased ground for the parsonage. 
in the evening of that day, we had a 
ihanksgiving service at which the film, 
bd's Earth, was shown, and the offer- 
g was given toward the new parson- 
ic. On Dec. 2, twenty-eight men 
jrked on the parsonage, and the young 
f;ople put water into the kitchen of 
ie basement on that day also. The 
bmen's fellowship visited the shut-ins 
^'ing a program and gifts. On New 

ar's Eve, the young people sponsored 

program at 9:00 o'clock and a service 

11:30 p.m. One of our couples, 

other and Sister Hobert Murphy, cele- 
ated their fortieth wedding anni- 
'rsary. The Sunday school and church 
tendance has increased. — Mrs. Ger- 

ide Cox, Seymour, Ind. 



Michigan 

Flint — Three members have been 
fceived by letter. In November we 
id our stewardship-call program under 
e direction of Dale Hess. More than 
i\ commitments totaled over $15,000, 
increase of 25% over the giving of 
t year. During the first quarter of 
e year, the actual giving exceeds that 
1 the same period last year by almost a 
lird. We had a candlelight vesper 
\ice on Christmas Eve attended by 
lie than one hundred people. The 
pmen's fellowship has redecorated the 
rsery. At the fall festival in Novem- 
T, Audley Bailey and some assistants 
Saginaw, Mich., led us in an old- 
hioned song festival. Five teachers 
>m the children's department attended 
ivses given by the Greater Flint Coun- 
of Churches. The pastor, Philip 
uver, taught one class on the books 
the Old Testament. — Mrs. Lydia 
am, Grand Blanc, Mich. 
Zion — We have made a number of 
provements on the church, building 
vv steps, putting in drain tile, and in- 
lling new windows and a new fur- 
re in the parsonage. The ladies' aid 
5 tied ten comforters for relief. We 
re host to the Christian education 
rkshop of the northeastern section of 
: district. Bro. J. B. Baldwin, our 
trict executive secretary, conducted 
•jweek of meetings. Two have been 
Iptized. Bro. Charles Baldwin, mis- 
i nary to Africa, told about his work 
1 re and showed pictures one Sunday. 
' e moderator, Bro. Arthur Whisler of 
1 averton, preaches one Sunday each 
j nth. On the other Sundays the 
I men take charge of the services. — 
rrine Good, Prescott, Mich. 

Northeastern Ohio 
Chippewa —In September we elected 
t officers for Sunday school and 
1 JRUARY 3. 1962 



church. Bro. John Wieand of Batavia, 
Iowa, was the evangelist for our meet- 
ings in August. At that time we had a 
dedication service for the newly pur- 
chased electric organ. We have added 
nineteen new members in the past year. 
Our congregation joins with the Chris- 
tian Council of churches in providing 
for a Korean orphan. One of tlie Sun- 
day school classes sponsored a refugee 
from Yugoslavia, who arrived in De- 
cember. The youth had a two-day re- 
treat to plan work for the year. They 
went to the homes of shut-ins and older 
members of the church to sing Christ- 
mas carols. We have contributed 
clothing for the needy in Africa, cloth- 
ing, soap, dishes, and canned goods to 
the Flat Creek Mission, Ky., and cloth- 
ing and friendship packets for relief, 
and seven comforters for local welfare 
work. — Mrs. John Beieler, Wooster, 
Ohio. 

Northwestern Ohio 

Stony Creek — Forty-five children of 
the Stony Creek congregation and com- 
munity attended the vacation Bible 
school in June, which was directed by 
Lois Blumenschein. The money from 
the offerings was sent to tlie Lybrook 
Indian mission in New Mexico. Rev. 
James Park told about his work as 
county probation officer at a family 
night, and on another occasion a man 
from Iceland spoke and showed slides 
of his country. Stony Creek was host to 
the district conference in September. 
We observed our love feast on Oct. 1. 
Bro. Curtis Dubble was the evangelist 
for our meeting, Oct. 8-15. The friend- 
ship and youth classes have been meet- 
ing together for the fall quarter in order 
to study doctrines and beliefs of the 
Church of the Brethren. The pastor, 
John D. Tomlonson, was in charge of 
tlie study. The other adult classes will 
follow a similar course of study during 
the spring and summer quarters. Our 
congregation was host to the community 
Thanksgiving service tliis year. The 
children in the Sunday school brought 
baby clothes at Christmas time, and 
these were given to the county welfare 
department for new babies at the hos- 
pital whose parents have no clothing 
for them. The women's fellowship 
sewed for a day at the county home. 
They have also been preparing infant's 
clothing' for relief. At their evening 
meeting the women are studying the 
book. Woman to Woman, by Eugenia 
Price. — Mary Early, Bellefontaine, 
Ohio. 



Southern Ohio 

Beech Grove — We observed our 
communion on World Communion Sun- 
day. The pastor and his family and 
three other members of the church at- 
tended the regional conference at Man- 
chester College. Six members also at- 
tended the Christian education meeting 
at Bradford. Some were present at the 
Brethren Home preview at Greenville, 
Ohio. Twenty-three children are en- 
rolled in a membership class that is be- 
ing taught by the pastor. Mr. and Mrs. 
Loren V. Miller, former members of 
the church, were present for the home- 
coming service. Brother Miller gave the 
message and Mrs. Miller led the sing- 
ing. Two carloads of our young people 
went to Flat Creek mission in Kentucky 



Recreation 

and the 

Local Church 



Frances Clemens, 
Robert TuUy, 
Ed Crill, 
editors 



Reepealion 



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The rightful place of rec- 
reation in the total pro- 
gram of the church is 
carefully and helpfully 
considered, along with 
methods of planning and 
carrying on a well-bal- 
anced recreational pro- 
gram. $2.75 



CHURCH of ihe BRETHREN 

GENERAL OFFICES, 

Elgin, Illinois 



for a weekend; they worked in the 
sorghum fields and attended church on 
Sunday. The young people presented a 
temperance play, Blue Angel. Bro. 
David Ockerman brought the message 
for the armual Thanksgiving service, 
which is sponsored by the Hollansburg 
Council of Churches. The Christmas 
Eve service was held at tlie Cedar 
Grove church. It was also sponsored 
by the community council of churches. 
The children had their Christmas party 
following the membership class. When 
deadi came to the family of one of our 
members, nineteen men with the requi- 
site equipment picked and hauled diirty 
acres of corn. The men's quartet of the 
church assisted in a hymn sing at the 
Christian church at Whitewater, Ind. 
— Mrs. Everett Druley, Hollansburg, 
Ohio. 

Brookville — Many of our members 
attended preview day at the Greenville 

29 




Meditations 
on 
small 
things 



GRAINS 
OF SAND 

BERNICE HOGAN 



These 60 devotions will ap- 
peal to women whose activ- 
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homes and work, but whose 
minds seek ever-expanding 
horizons. Whether used for 
group or private meditation, 
this book will help women 
everywhere discover that 
God may be found in small 
things. $2.00 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices, 

Elgin, Illinois 



Brethren Home on Oct. 22. It was esti- 
mated that a total of about 1,000 peo- 
ple visited there that day to see the 
new three-story addition. Mrs. Carl 
Eschbach, a returned missionary to the 
Philippines, was the speaker for the 
World Community Day observance in 
our church. During the absence of the 
pastor. Brethren Clarence Priser and 
Russell Helstern, brought the morning 
messages. Henry Driver showed pic- 
tures on Pigs to Paraguay on Oct. 15. 
Our pastor, Bro. Fred HoUingshead, 
represented the district at the Assembly 
of Ohio Council of Churches. On the 
evening of Nov. 12, we had fellowship 
cultivation night at which time sponsor 
families took a guest family to the home 
of a host family for a group fellowship. 
Two of our college students, Carolyn 
Williamson and Joel HoUingshead, at- 
tended the Brethren students confer- 
ence at Elizabethtown College. At a 
program plarming retreat for all mem- 
30 



bers of boards and committees, Bro. 
Raymond R. Peters, gave the keynote 
speech. Our women have made com- 
forters for relief, sixteen baby com- 
forters, seventeen shirts for a leper 
colony, rolled three dozen bandages, 
and made six ulcer pads. The women's 
fellowship Christmas project was a col- 
lection of bedding and children's cloth- 
ing. The children gave socks or mittens, 
which were sent to the Chicago West 
Side Parish for needy children. Ron 
Eby showed slides on Dec. 31 of his 
work with farm families under the di- 
rection of California Migrant Ministry. 
A community New Year's Eve program 
for all junior and senior high youth and 
adults was held at the Trinity Lutheran 
church. The program included the 
sound film, Africa and Albert Schweit- 
zer. The combined choirs sang at the 
worship service on Dec. 24. — Mrs. W. 
Russell Miller, Brookville, Ohio. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 
Spring Grove — Bro. Jacob N. Fahne- 
stock of Richland spoke at the Thanks- 
giving Day service. Brethren Alton R. 
Bucher of Heidelberg and Vernon Knell 
of East Berlin were guest ministers for 
the love feast on Oct. 1 at the Blue Ball 
church. Harold Martin of Spring Grove 
brought the Christmas message on Dec. 
24. On Christmas Day a group from the 
church went to the Bowery Mission in 
New York to serve dinner to the men. 
They served over a thousand. — I. Le- 
roy Nolt, Bird-in-Hand, Pa. 

North Atlantic 

Ambler — Irwin S. Hoffer was elected 
moderator emeritus and Walter Eshel- 
m^n, moderator at the July business 
meeting. A number of our parents have 
joined the "Godparents," recently or- 
ganized auxiliary at the Neffsville Home. 
During the absence of the pastor, Don- 
ald Rummel, who attended the ex- 
tension school at Juniata and the family 
life conference at Elizabethtown, James 
Weaver of Manheim, John Lengel of 
Philadelphia, and Roy McAuley, presi- 
dent of Elizabethtown, brought mes- 
sages. The first daily vacation Bible 
school was directed by Mrs. Stanley 
Davis, Sr., and Harry Stokes. A num- 
ber of our members, along with other 
North Atlantic district members at- 
tended the Billy Graham meetings in 
Philadelphia. Some of our members 
attended the leadership training school 
at the Greentree church. We had a 
youth and adult membership class for 
five Sunday evenings. Seven have been 
baptized and six received by letter. We 
observed the love feast on World Com- 
munion Sunday. The district men's and 
women's fellowship banquet was at the 
Harleysville school with Dr. Curtis 
Bowman of Chicago as the speaker; he 
also showed his film. Along the African 
Path. The Christian education commis- 
sion presented each family with an Ad- 
vent candle kit, helping to stress the 
importance of family worship in the 
home. The two choirs gave the pro- 
gram at the Christmas Eve service. Be- 
ginning on the first Sunday of January, 
we are now having a church service 
for four- and five-year-olds directed by 
Mrs. Janet Foster. — Mrs. Mary E. 
Haring, Lansdale, Pa. 

Royersford — Brother and Sister Wil- 
bur Martin were the speakers for the 
spring and fall missionary meetings. 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a : ; 
service in the interests of assis 
individuals or famiUes to relocate 
secure employment in Brethren c 
munities. It does not provide for 
advertising of goods or property 
sale or rent. Information on paid 
vertising may be obtained from 
Church of the Brethren General Offi 

This service is part of the Brotl 
hood program, assigned for adminis 
tion to the Social Welfare Departn 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject not 
is reserved. Since no verification 
notices is made no responsibihty car 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, i 
necessary that the number be gi' i 
Write Brethren Placement Sen- ; 
Church of the Brethren General OfiBi 
Elgin, m. 

No. 553. We invite anyone plani 
to locate in the Roanoke area, or 
ready in Roanoke planning a changi 
location, to take a look at the ( 
Grove community; homes cost t 
$20,000 to $50,000. We have a 
church building, shopping center, 
lion dollar elementary school, an( 
rapidly growing community. The i 
shopping center, with supermar 
drugstore, doctor's office, and a var 
store, will be completed in the spr. 
also a service station. The city bus 
passes through this area. Contact: 
C. Spangler, R. 4, Box 64, Roanoke, 



Four have been baptized and one 
ceived by letter. We had a daily vi 
tion Bible school, a new venture for 
congregation. Since Oct. 1, we li 
been having regular Sunday night si 
ices. On Wednesday evenings, the ] 
tor leads a study of the Bible. A gr 
of volunteer laymen conducted 
every-member visitation program 
had a special Sunday afternoon s 
ice at the Johnson Home. Seven c 
dren have been dedicated since our 
report. The youth group gave a Ch 
mas play and with the choir went ca 
ing at the Peimhurst state schoo 
Martha Hershberger, Spring City, 



ill 



Southern Pennsylvania 
York, Second — Bro. James D'An 
gave the message on rally day. Sept 
A deputation team from Elizabethb 
College conducted one of the Sun 
morning services. At our Octc 
council, Bro. Elmer Gleim was ele( 
elder. Delegates to district mee' 
were James D'Amico, Ida Markle. 
John Sprenkel. Harlan Grubb £ 
the Pleasant Hill church, Johnsto 
Pa., conducted our evangelistic m 
ings, Oct. 23-29. Bro. Ammon Me 
elder of the Fredericksburg chu 
was the guest minister for the I 
feast. Bro. Murray Lehman from P 
Fairview spoke as a representativf 
the children's home at Carlisle. For 
Christmas observance, the children i 
a musical Christmas program, and 
Christmas Eve, the young people ] 
GOSPEL MESSENt 



%) 



[Qted the play. Grandpa Hangs the 
illy. - Mrs. Robert A. Sipe, York, Pa. 

Western Pennsylvania 

Plum Creek — We dedicated the re- 

jdeled sanctuary and social room and 

's Sunday school addition on June 11. 

eakers for the occasion were Brethren 

enn Bowlby and Earl Kaylor. While 

r pastor was away, two of our college 

idents, Ronald Wood and Judson 

mniel, conducted our church services. 

number of our young people attended 

3 youth meeting at Juniata College. 

0. Andrew Smith, one of our laymen, 

•is the speaker for Layman Sunday. 

; ne children and youth attended Camp 

]!irmony during the summer months. 

' e observed love feast on World Com- 

I'lnion Sunday. We have established 

(Qursery during the Sunday morning 

■'Jirship services. At the women's fel- 

jvship monthly meeting, they are 

[dying the Bible and Anna Mow's 

:Iok. Six of our women attended the 

I eting at Morrellville. Donald Durn- 

;1 jgh was the speaker on Juniata Col- 

le day, Dec. 3. The choir gave a 

(itata during the worship hour on 

1 c. 17, and the children a Christmas 

I )gram on Dec. 24. The Messenger is 

I ng sent to 100% of our church fami- 

1 . —Mrs. Howard M. Kimmel, Sheloc- 

t Pa. 

First Virginia 

iopewell — We had open house at 
t parsonage to meet the new pastor 
3 1 his wife, Brother and Sister Walter 
\ Daggett. On Nov. 12, the men had 
c rge of the evening service. A talk 
\s given by Reverend Washburn. 
1 " Thanksgiving service was sponsored 
t the Hopewell Minsterial Association, 
"V' h the Rev. C. R. Stevens bringing 
t message. On Oct. 4, the women's 
g up had charge of the evening service, 
w ;n Linda Daggett showed colored 
s es, taken while in a work camp in 
E ope. We observed our love feast on 
C . 1. At Christmas a float, depicting 
^ Room in the Inn, was entered by 
tl Church of the Brethren in the an- 
n 1 Christmas parade and won first 
p e. The young people presented a 
, C istmas play. — Mrs. E. D. Green, 
V Jewell, Va. 

rinity — A number of cottage prayer 
tings were held during the first 
e weeks of October. The pastor, 
. E. J. Jacobs, held a revival meeting 
he Saunders Grove church the week 
3ct. 8-15. We had a consecration 
ice for the new church and Sunday 
)ol ofiicers and teachers on the first 
day of October. Bro. John Sayre, 
or of the Timberville church, con- 
ted our revival meeting, Oct. 22-29. 
was baptized. The young people 
e in charge of the Thanksgiving 
ice at which Rev. Ozzie Peery was 
speaker. We had a white gift of- 
ig on Dec. 17. Young people had 
mdlehghting service on Christmas 
. — Mrs. H. B. Layman, Troutville, 

Northern Virginia 

alvary — Five of our members at- 
ed district conference at the Dayton 
'ch. A number of our members 
ed pack clothing for overseas re- 
iUARY 3. 1962 



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HANGINGS 
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lief at New Windsor, Md., one day. 
Seven members attended the fall rally 
at the Round Hill church. At the coun- 
cil meeting in August, we elected teach- 
ers and officers for the Sunday school. 
The Sunday school is growing so that 
we need more room. Members of the 
choir, the music directors, and the 
organists attended the music institute 
at the Bridgewater church. At a special 
council meeting in October, we adopted 
plans for our building project, an ad- 
dition to the church. Two special events 
in December were a hymn sing, di- 
rected by Bro. Ernest Smith, and a 
family night supper at which delegates 
to Annual Conference showed pictures. 
The youth and junior highs gave the 
Christmas pageant, The Adoration of 
the Kings and Shepherds, on Christmas 
Eve. The offering will be used for dis- 
trict missions and Christian education. 
Two have been baptized. — Mrs. Ora L. 
Foltz, Winchester, Va. 

Harrisonburg — The family life com- 
mittee arranged a series of three dis- 
cussions during church school class peri- 
ods led by Philip Trout, Byron Flory, 
M. R. Wolfe, Grant Stoltzfus, Bernard 
Logan, Mrs. Francis Bell, and James 
Moyers. Guest ministers during the 
quarter have been Robert McFadden, 
Raymond Peters, and Donald Clague. 
We have reorganized the choirs, and 
now the boys and girls, nine to twelve, 
are known as the treble choir, and the 
high school age youth, as the alleluia 
choir. These participated in the Ameri- 
can Guild of Organists choir festival. 
The four choirs gave a Sunday night 
Christmas program. The Bridgewater 
College quartets were guests in Octo- 
ber. Under the sponsorship of the mis- 
sions and service board, Mr. and Mrs. 
Gordon Moore told about their work in 
Greece. We have a replay of the Dr. 
Bauman's TV course. Introduction to 
the New Testament. Twenty members 
attended the training school for leaders 
at Bridgewater College. Our church 
was co-host with the EUB church to the 
state WCTU convention in October. 
The junior high youth had a social 
hour to welcome new members into the 
department. They also had a series of 
programs on dating, led by Kent Moore. 
They were hosts to the Northern Vir- 
ginia junior high meeting at which 

32 



Merle Grouse was the guest speaker. 
Another event was the open house on 
a December Sunday morning for their 
parents. The senior high group had a 
reception for student nurses. They had 
a series on Preparation for Marriage, led 
by Mrs. Grant Stoltzfus. The Christmas 
offering went to the partial support of 
Mrs. Irven Stern and other mission 
projects. Two have been baptized and 
eight received by letter. — Mrs. D. C. 
Mundy, Harrisonburg, Va. 

First West Virginia 
Sandy Creek, Canaan — Susie Thom- 
as, returned missionary to Japan, was 
guest speaker at the women's fellow- 
ship meeting. At the same time she 
showed slides of work in the field. Mrs. 



John E. Maust, a member of our churcl 
was voted the most honored woman 
the year in the community. We ha\ 
completed the project of tiling tl 
basement. The women have made sei 
eral sets of cut garments for the lepf 
hospital and for the children in Afric 
These were sent to New Windsor f( 
distribution along with relief clothin 
and two comforters. The women's fe 
lowship made up twenty socks for 
men's mental institution at Somerse 
Pa. At Christmastime, the women 
fellowship had a candlelighting servi( 
to which members of the other church( 
of the congregation were invited. Tl 
adult young folks gave a play calle 
Joy to the World. On New Year's E\ 
we had a fellowship supper for all tl 
churches in the congregation follow€ 
by a watch night service. — Mrs. Ir 
J. Seese, Gibbon Glade, Pa. 



Preaching ventures 

in the Gospel 

of JOHN 




Encounter 
With Christ 

MERRILL R. ABBEY 



Many thoughtful people, trying 
use the Bible devotionally as 
source of light and strength for daill 
living, are discovering that they nei 
help. This book is for them. Thei 
16 sermons are marked by vital fai 
vigorous style, and fresh insight. Al 
who read them v^ill know what 
means to engage in a vital encouni 
with Christ, and will acquire insigl 
into the ways of using other passag( 
of scripture in their devotional lif 

$3.C 



CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES . . . Elgin, lUino 

GOSPEL MESSENGI 



kGospel 



mmm 



FEBRUARY 10, 1962 



'ind who is my neiglibor?" who stripped him and beat down that road; and when 

Fbus replied, him, he saw him 

■ man was going down and departed, leaving him he passed by on the other 

irom Jerusalem half-dead. side. 

4 Jericho, and he fell Now by chance a priest was So likewise a Levite . . . 



Imong robbers, 



going 




But a Samaritan, as he 

journeyed, 
came to where he was ; and 

when he saw him, 
he had compassion, and 

went to him 
and bound up his wounds, 
pouring on oil and wine . . . 
Which of these three . . . 

proved neighbor . . . ?" 
He said, 
"The one who showed mercy 

on him." 
And Jesus said to him, 
"Go and do likewise." 

Luke 10:29-37 



Three Lions 
Heinrich Nauen 



face: relations Sunday 



Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdom Come'' 

KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE . . . to the ediU 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
111., at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed In 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service. 
Ecumenical Press Service 

FEBRUARY 10, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 6 



Editorial — 

Read the Message in This Valentine . 3 
Making the Most of Limitations 3 

The General Forum — 

West Side Story. A Changing Commu- 
nity and a Church Becoming. 
Richard N. Miller 4 

Micah: Something of a Heretic. 

C. Wayne Zunkel 10 

"By This Shall All Men Know." 

Roswell P. Barnes 13 

My Brother's Keeper (verse). 

Theodora A. Fair 14 

Public Welfare: Ally or Foe? 

Charles E. DuMond 15 

The Seeds (verse). Ruth Griggs 16 

New Appointments to the Bethany 
Faculty. Paul M. Robinson 19 

United We Serve. 

Margaret J. Anderson 21 

Carl Waldo Roll. A. Blair Helman ... 21 

Things of Wonder. Gerald Neher .... 22 

Reviews of Recent Books 24 

News — 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 24 

Church News 28 

Kingdom Gleanings 17 

Our Contributors 

Richard N. Miller, pastor of the 
Prince of Peace church, Dayton, Ohio, 
concludes his story of First church, Chi- 
cago, as it meets the challenge of a 
changing community. 

Micah is the last of the three prophets 
treated by C. Wayne Zunkel, pastor 
of the Harrisburg church. Eastern 
Pennsylvania. 

Roswell P. Barnes is the executive 
secretary for the American Office of 
the World Council of Churches. 

Charles E. DuMond is pastor of the 
Elkhart church, Northern Indiana. 

Paul M. Robinson is president of 
Bethany Biblical Seminary, Chicago. 



"The Handwriting on the Wall" 

It seems a shame not to reply to 
the population article in the Oct. 28 
Messenger since it is unlikely that 
many Brethren have studied the mat- 
ter deeply or would perhaps care 
to debate publicly on such intimate 
grounds. . . . 

The natural regulation of plant, 
animal, and human population is a 
vast, subtle, and extremely interest- 
ing subject. In short, let me say that 
in spite of their clamor and per- 
sistence the philosophy and argu- 
ments of the would-be population 
regulators as represented by the 
author of the Messenger article are 
based on a deceptively simple and 
perverse misreading of a vast world 
of biological, historical, social, and 
statistical evidence. . . . 

That the tremendous modem pop- 
ulation increase is portentous cannot 
be denied, but the question is, what 
does it portend? Has the wisdom, 
goodness, and bounty of modem 
civilization made a farce of nature 
as God designed it? We think not. 
Strangely enough the increase of 
fecundity precedes rather than fol- 
lows the benefits of modern technol- 
ogy and is most particularly evident 
among those who are benefited least 
by it. 

This means, among other things, 
that instead of ushering in a golden 
age science is bringing us into an 
age of suflFering and want hitherto 
unparalleled and unknown. Modern 
men, by the means of scientific tech- 
nology, are in the process of convert- 
ing all of their own, their father's, 
their children's, and their neighbor's 
(let us say in one comprehensive 
word) spiritual credit into readily 
consumable material cash. Even I 
am not so stupid as to be unable 
to recognize that a nice home, car, 
vacation, ease, and the amenities of 
life are more convenient and self- 
serving than the care of a large fam- 
ily in this diflBcult time. 

The population regulators repre- 
sent a comfortable middle-class out- 
look which would like to maintain 
the status quo. Unfortunately, our 
present world is almost a whole cloth 
of injustice, violence, spiritual dis- 
ease, and decay which the built-in 
integrity of God's universe will not 
long tolerate. The prolific poor, on 
the other hand, denied all other ave- 
nues of creativity will not voluntarily 
choose to step off the earth in favor 



of their wealthier neighbors 

If one couple, group, or nal 
refuses to raise their natural far 
then other couples, groups, and 
tions will move in to fill the gap. 
The "population explosion," to 
mind, means to modem men e: 
the same thing that the handwri 
on the wall meant to Belshaz2 
court. Just how to avoid this 
treme sentence is not easy to 
It is possible to imagine some ] h 
found and worldwide repentae 
capable of destroying even anciely 
established and deeply revered sciJ 
sins and iniquities just as it is ' i 
sible to imagine horns on a ral i 
But the time is so terribly late. , 
Where we miss the door hen s 
elsewhere is in constantly identify g 
ourselves with the "wrong m ' 
with the old Adam rather 1 1 
Christ. . . . When will we Dt 
learn to distinguish the profane f;n 
the holy? Not, I fear, until ;is 
whole complex civilization as a c;i- 
ture of and movement to the >■ 
sumed godlikeness of the human o 
lies without one stone upon anofit 
as a source of everlasting amazec 
and instruction to those intellig 
happy, and holy men who by G 
grace will follow. — Fred W. Sn 
R. 1, Cedaredge, Colo. 

No Fear for Bom Again Christiai 

We are in a dark age; no his 
has ever revealed a more peri 
time than we are in this very 
The so-called lip service relig 
groups in the churches have ui 
with the world and its worldly i 
and governments. The world 
the patterns, and some of 
churches practice their worldly 
to bring about their own destruc 

"The world is hovering on 
brink of a nuclear war." Mayl 
is God's will to rain brimstone 
fire upon a wicked world; if so 
will be done, dear God 
prayers go up to heaven sucl 
"Lord, come soon and take thy 
again elect out of this world, 
let radioactive fallout take its cc 
according to thy will." 

Never in history has the vi 
faced so powerful and so devasb 
a weapon as the big nuclear bi 

We have millions of so-ci 
Christians who will use part 
Scriptures to justify their 
deeds. — Harry Mishler, Bret 
Home, Neffsville, Pa. mi, 

GOSPEL MESSEH 



i 



i 



ill 



h 



d 



It 



lead the Message in This Valentine 



EDITORIALS 



' N JUST a few days we can expect that some 

^ of our friends — and maybe even a few of 

enemies — will send us that token of affec- 

a we call a valentine. At least once a year 

Illy all of us become hopelessly romantic. 

I re in mid-February we look at the lovely red 

I I white decorations that catch our eye, we 
:( d the simple verses, sometimes also the silly 
/ ses, that adorn the cards we receive — and 
3;haps we do give a httle extra thought to the 
T'snds we love. 

Most valentines are not to be taken literally. 
;^;ly those who are really seriously in love, those 
\!o want each word to carry its full load of 
laning, give more than a passing thought to 
^isntine messages. 

Love is not just a sentiment for a season, 
11 an emotion that comes and goes with every 
:1 nge of circumstance, nor a feeling that can 
)( described in a clever verse on a greeting 
3i;d. No, love is far more profound, even when 
1 5 personal and so much a part of the close 
e tionship that binds two people together. 

All great literature is rich in stories and 
hmas, in songs and sonnets about love. Yet 
h|"e is another love that is greater than human 
', — but this kind of love is seldom reflected 
)ri valentine. It is the love of God, the love 
))iwhich each one of us loves, the love that 
irerlies and surrounds us, that supports and 
u.ains us. Charles Wesley saw that love as 
)€.' personified in Jesus Christ. He is "pure, 
irounded love." In him is the love which ex- 
:e all other loves. 

fou can turn to your hymnal for several of 
h, loveliest valentines you will ever receive, 
ill do not forget that these hymns, in turn, are 
)ui the reflection of another love letter — the 
n( sage that fills the pages of the New Testa- 
n<t. We sometimes quote from its pages on 
•u, Christmas greetings. We could do so just 
s I'ell on Valentine Day. 

Vhat did Jesus himself have to say about 

|\,P His commandments begin with the love 

lej/ished to share with all mankind: "This is 

n)| commandment, that you love one another as 

IVe loved you." 

n this love the first Christians found their 
ecjrity. They could testify that nothing — ab- 
^1 ely nothing — could separate them from 
be love of God. Paul writes, "Neither death, 
ife, nor angels, nor principahties, nor things 
r<pnt, nor things to come, nor powers, nor 

,;MjARY 10, 196? 



height, nor depth, nor anything else in all cre- 
ation, will be able to separate us from the love 
of God in Christ." 

Such a love as this cannot easily be de- 
scribed. About all that a Christian can do is to 
testify to its power in his own life and then 
pray that others may discover its vast resources. 
Think what a valentine message could be ex- 
pressed in these words of Paul: "That Christ 
may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, 
being rooted and grounded in love, may have 
power to comprehend with all the saints what 
is the breadth and length and height and depth, 
and to know the love of Christ which surpasses 
knowledge." 

Probably the one letter in the New Testa- 
ment that says most about love — love of God 
and love of neighbor — is the first letter of John. 
He is the one who tells us straight out that God 
is love. This is the quality of his nature and the 
character of his being. Accept, if you please, this 
lovely valentine from the first century — and ask 
yourself if it does not speak to your heart today. 

Whether or not you get a lovely valentine 
on Wednesday, remember that God has already 
sent you a message of unfailing love. — k.m. 



Making the Most of Limitations 

WE DO not expect the blind to lead the 
blind, but what is to deter someone with 
one physical handicap from assisting another 
person with quite a dijfferent disabihty? 

Paralyzed patients in a Massachusetts hos- 
pital have found a way to be of service. They 
take turns recording passages from theological 
books for the benefit of bhnd seminary students, 
who cannot find a Braille version of all the 
books they want to study. We suspect that in 
the process the hospital patients may also learn 
a little theology and surely the blind students, 
able to walk where they cannot see, feel a close 
tie with their helpers who can see where they 
cannot walk. 

Sometimes Christians talk as if a particular 
handicap or some personal loss will mean the 
end of effective service. It may be the be- 
ginning. If one member of the body of Christ 
is hindered by a particular hmitation, there are 
surely other members who can assist. In such 
material helpfulness individuals can discover 
one of the deeper meanings of membership. — 

K.M. 



A 

Changing 
Commun 




by Richard N. Miller 



Wallowitch 



GOSPEL MESSEl 



i /fORE people scattered throughout 
jyj^ the Brotherhood have hved for a 
oell in the community around Chicago's 
irst Church of the Brethren than have hved 
any other mile square area. 
Less than two blocks away is Bethany 
ospital, where all sorts and conditions of 
Tcthren from far and near have come for 
edical attention. 

Even closer is Bethany Biblical Seminary, 

here in the past twenty years more than 

)0 ministers and Christian education work- 

s have been trained for assignments from 

iklesvar, India, to Chibuk, Nigeria, and 

■;)ints north and south and in between. 

.'inety per cent of the trained pastors in the 

• [lurch of the Brethren have lived in this 

itimmunity. 

Add to this the normal movement of any 
cngregation in a nation where each year 
<ie out of five persons change their resi- 
(;nce and you have a dispersion of Breth- 
lin who have some acquaintance with the 
\ ce of the community as it was around First 
( urch. 

But the face that is remembered is not 
1e face that is. A community is like an 
( ganism — ever undergoing change. Some 
latures seem to improve with age, some to 
(jsintegrate beyond recognition. 
{ Gone are the friendly neighborhood 
spres who specialized in service and home 
(JHveries, replaced by the larger, less per- 
SQal supermarkets. Gone is the strip of 
Imes and apartments to make way for the 
fjpressway. Gone, also, are the people who 
lied on these blocks. 

Gone is the greasy spoon restaurant and 
t? darkened entrance to the elevated 
tiinsit line and the writing on the walls; 
tp restaurant gone where it should have 
^!ne long before and the elevated to the 
pgressive rapid transit line that speeds 
i silvery way down the center of the 
e Dressway. 

Gone, also, are the Jews, the Italians, and 

; Irish. Fifteen years ago the community 

s nearly half Jewish — so much so that 

irshall High School was crippled by the 

rimerous Jewish holidays. The other half, 

cj nearly so, were Irish and Italian Roman 

Citholics. Today the community is eighty- 

s; per cent nonwhite. The Latin American 

f pulation is five per cent, down from its 

ik three years ago. 

Garfield Park, once a beauty spot for the 
r al Brethren gone urban, is now the no- 

RUARY 10, 1962 



man's-land between the areas ruled by the Vice Lords 
and the Cobras, two of Chicago's largest gangs. 

The twenty-fifth police district, for more than a 
decade an area of unrest, has in the past two years 
moved from fourth to first in total crimes: first in 
robbery and burglary, second in rape offenses, third 
in violent, aggravated assault, fifth in murder, and 
second in car theft ( althought the senior minister had 
his hub caps stolen not in this community but in 
Elgin, the site of the denomination's headquarters, 
some thirty-five miles away). 

One surprising thing is that housing has not de- 
teriorated to the extent one would expect. The 
Bradley-Honore Neighborhood Association and its 
block clubs have helped to stem the tide. They re- 
sort to law to keep apartments from breaking up 
into rooming house situations and similar code varia- 
tions. The Brethren have been leaders in these 
organizations. 

Floyd Wagoner, a long-term member of First 
church and a member of the board of directors of 
the West Side Real Estate Board, says that there 
are even signs of improvement. Some of the homes 
which were once owned by absentee landlords are 
now the property of the Negroes who live in them. 
Some homes are in better repair than they were four 
years ago — newly painted, recently face-hfted — but 
this is not to say that the face of the community 
shows no scars and no evidence of aging. 

When asked if the homes were not being broken 
up into three residences instead of two, Mr. Wagoner 




Life is transformed where inquiring minds search 



'11 



aa^S'Sil'a.g 



<mn 



"M 






^,ris.». 




PhUip Loh, Chinese pastor, bapHzes 



one 



of his congregation 



GOSPEL MESSEl 



)ted that this change came 
iring the critical housing 
ortage of the last war. The 
uation has not changed since 
en to any marked degree. 
Inside the homes is some- 
ing else. One mother and 
ght children were found liv- 
g in a five-room apartment 
ith one bed as the only piece 
furniture. The electricity had 
en turned off because the 
lis had not been paid. The 
urch responded with food 
d arranged to give her two 
ittresses. 

Another family lived in a 
e-room kitchenette, unbeliev- 
Iv dirty and hopelessly un- 
mpt by an absentee landlord, 
d paid $75 per month. To 
ike the gospel relevant the 
urch had to deal with their 
using problem first, assisting 
im to find a cleaner three- 
^m apartment for $65 per 
nith. 

iMany of the mothers and 
hers both work. Economical- 
it is not an option for most 
i them. Over against the 
ivmal wants and desires is the 
iblem of unemployment. One 
her, for example, was laid off 
t:enty-nine weeks in the past 
1 \'-two. He is now working 
a two jobs even though he is 
)i t recovering from an opera- 
In. 

The children are a major con- 
cn to parents and church as 
V 11, and there are lots of chil- 
< n. In the block between the 
C'lrch and the seminary on 
\\n Buren Street live 250 chil- 



li of school age and below. 
5gory, the elementary school 
this district, was originally 
It for 900 students, and now 
over 2,600 students on 
ible shifts. It is rated as the 
jst overcrowded in the city, 
discipline is a problem. Many 

the children live in broken 
nes and are victims of emo- 
lal insecurity. Community 

V rkers and Sunday school 

RUARY 10, 1962 



teachers are doing very well in 
working through many of these 
problems. They have learned 
that when discipline is neces- 
sary it must be used, and that it 
can be used without the feeling 
conveyed to the child that he 
is no longer loved. 

One of the ministers ob- 
served, "In a community where 
fear governs so much of be- 
havior, it is hard to provide the 
kind of warm and intensive fel- 
lowship that will attract and 
keep the junior highs and 
youth." 

"Gangs exert a fearful pres- 
sure on boys to join or be beat- 
en up," he went on to say. "Only 
the strongest buck it. This, 
coupled with the awakening 
sexual urges and the abundance 
of opportunities for vice, magni- 
fies our problem." In spite of 
the odds, three have asked re- 
cently to join the church. 

As you have guessed, it is im- 
possible to give a balanced 
view of a community in a few 
short pages. This is simply the 
face that I began to see — the 
face, I fear, of a growing num- 
ber of communities. 

"One of the most exciting 
missionary opportunities of our 



age lies open to the church in 
the inner city." So reports 
twenty clergymen from inner- 
city Episcopal churches — a 
report called A Radical Mission- 
ary Reassessment. 

The report goes on to say that 
"thirty-five per cent of the pop- 
ulation growth in America to- 
day is in the inner city. . . . 
Research in urban areas seems 
to indicate that fifty per cent 
of those who identify them- 
selves as Protestants, sixty-five 
per cent as Jews, and thirty-five 
per cent as Roman Catholics do 
not accept the services of any 
local church or synagogue. All 
this adds up to one hundred 
million unchurched souls in 
America today." 

But how one church is meet- 
ing the challenge is our story. 

"When I first came," ob- 
served one of the ministers of 
Chicago's First Church of the 
Brethren, "I was quite aware of 
the Chinese faces, the Latin 
American faces, the Negro 
faces, the Caucasian faces, but 
now I see behind these faces a 
human face with human needs 
and concerns . . . the face of 
one for whom Christ died!" 

So begins the story of what 




Volleyball is played in the Bethany Seminary gym by youth of the community 



tf ! y»W'M 'W» « *"' t"* "*' * > J' "*i' ° * 't t' ^ *«'''*y«WW| 







•■ ri 





Philip Loh, Chinese 



pastor, baptizes one of his congregation 



. \^^ 



)ted that this change came 
iring the critical housing 
ortage of the last war. The 
uation has not changed since 
en to any marked degree. 
Inside the homes is some- 
ing else. One mother and 
ght children were found liv- 
g in a five-room apartment 
ith one bed as the only piece 
I furniture. The electricity had 
■en turned off because the 
lis had not been paid. The 
urch responded with food 
d arranged to give her two 
ittresses. 

Another family lived in a 
e-room kitchenette, unbeliev- 
ly dirty and hopelessly un- 
mpt by an absentee landlord, 
d paid $75 per month. To 
ike the gospel relevant the 
inch had to deal with their 
using problem first, assisting 
;m to find a cleaner three- 
^m apartment for $65 per 
)nth. 

|Many of the mothers and 
hers both work. Economical- 
it is not an option for most 
' them. Over against the 
imal wants and desires is the 
")blem of unemployment. One 
her, for example, was laid off 
enty-nine weeks in the past 

I \ -two. He is now working 
a two jobs even though he is 
ji t i-ecovering from an opera- 
tn. 

|rhe children are a major con- 
cn to parents and church as 
V 11, and there are lots of chil- 
( n. In the block between the 
c irch and the seminaiy on 
\ n Buren Street live 250 chil- 
)d'n of school age and below. 
Cegory, the elementary school 

II this district, was originally 
1 ; It for 900 students, and now 



; over 2,600 students on 
ible shifts. It is rated as the 
St overcrowded in the city, 
discipline is a problem. Many 

the children live in broken 
nes and are victims of emo- 
lal insecurity. Community 

V rkers and Sunday school 

RUARY 10, 1962 



teachers are doing very well in 
working through many of these 
problems. They have learned 
that when discipline is neces- 
sary it must be used, and that it 
can be used without the feeling 
conveyed to the child that he 
is no longer loved. 

One of the ministers ob- 
served, "In a community where 
fear governs so much of be- 
havior, it is hard to provide the 
kind of warm and intensive fel- 
lowship that will attract and 
keep the junior highs and 
youth." 

"Gangs exert a fearful pres- 
sure on boys to join or be beat- 
en up," he went on to say. "Only 
the strongest buck it. This, 
coupled with the awakening 
sexual urges and the abundance 
of opportunities for vice, magni- 
fies our problem." In spite of 
the odds, three have asked re- 
cently to join the church. 

As you have guessed, it is im- 
possible to give a balanced 
view of a community in a few 
short pages. This is simply the 
face that I began to see — the 
face, I fear, of a growing num- 
ber of communities. 

"One of the most exciting 
missionary opportunities of our 



age lies open to the church in 
the inner city." So reports 
twenty clergymen from inner- 
city Episcopal churches — a 
report called A Radical Mission- 
ary Reassessment. 

The report goes on to say that 
"thirty-five per cent of the pop- 
ulation growth in America to- 
day is in the inner city. . . , 
Research in urban areas seems 
to indicate that fifty per cent 
of those who identify them- 
selves as Protestants, sixty-five 
per cent as Jews, and thirty-five 
per cent as Roman Catholics do 
not accept the services of any 
local church or synagogue. All 
this adds up to one hundred 
million unchurched souls in 
America today." 

But how one church is meet- 
ing the challenge is our story. 

"When I first came," ob- 
served one of the ministers of 
Chicago's First Church of the 
Brethren, "I was quite aware of 
the Chinese faces, the Latin 
American faces, the Negro 
faces, the Caucasian faces, but 
now I see behind these faces a 
human face with human needs 
and concerns . . . the face of 
one for whom Christ died!" 

So begins the story of what 




Volleyball is played in the Bethany Seminary gym by youth of the commmiity 

7 




Eager youngsters answer where discovery is a joy 



this congregation is doing about 
the changing complexion of its 
community. It is meeting the 
problem of prejudice with op- 
portunities for fellowship. 

One out-of-town visitor last 
summer noted that she was the 
only Caucasian in her Sunday 
school class. She did not seem 
to object, just noticed it. 

One four-year-old observed 
that one of the church's min- 
isters is Negro, but said that 
he did not know any other 
Negroes. Interestingly enough, 
there are four Negro children 



in his Sunday school class, but 
he thinks of them as Sally and 
Billy, Suzie and Tom and not 
as Negroes. 

Prejudice creeps out in sur- 
prising ways. Some thought 
that the only thing the church 
had to do was to open the doors 
to Negroes and they would 
come rushing in to take over, 
implying that they are different 
from us in their response. Such 
has not been the case even with 
the calling of a Negro minister. 
People are people, and the 
Negroes who have joined since 



last summer have the same coi 
cems about changing denom 
nations, becoming involved : 
a different congregation, ar 
changing church letters as an 
one else. 

Even the "unprejudiced" ai 
in for surprises. When one mii 
ister greeted a Negro couple oi 
Sunday morning with "We a 
glad to have you people wo 
ship with us this morning," 1 
was asked by another, "Wt j 
didn't you just say 'you' instea ' 
of 'you people'?" He admittd 
ly had seen a race instead > 
individuals. 

One of the new opportunitii : 
to serve came when the mil 
isters discovered eleven racial 
mixed couples living aero 
from the church. These 
among the loneliest coupl 
in the community, accepte 
neither by Negroes nor Ca 
casians. Several weeks ago son 
of these couples were invited 
go bowhng with some of tl 
members of the church. Sa 
one of the ministers afterwar 
"I felt neither white nor blac 
but something in between." 

More people fear this th£ 



The Spanish congregation in a worship service led by Fabricio Guzman 



GOSPEL MESSENGM 



jiything else. One member 
!;ho is deeply committed to the 
rogram and is wonderfully 
pnest about his feelings, as 
j'ery member of First church 
.1 encouraged to be, confessed, 
it bothers me to see racially 
jixed couples — Negroes and 
•aucasians." The very fact that 
J; expressed the concern in the 
joup suggested that he felt 
at he should not feel this 
ay. 

'The group talked about this 
ieling for a while, raising ques- 
lpns about whether we feel the 
ijme way about other mixed 
ilarriages: Oriental and Cau- 
«!sian, North American and 
iWh American; whether the 
(lurch's ministry to them en- 
(furages more such marriages 
(' whether it was the church 
; d the parents' lack of under- 
anding that drove these indi- 
>duals into such a marriage; 
ltd what the church's responsi- 
I'lity is to anyone who is lonely 
( in need. 

ISaid one conclusively, "We 
lialize that we are prejudiced, 
lit realizing it is the first step 
overcoming it, step by step, 
gree by degree." 
|One of the things that sur- 
jjised me was that the church's 
Ingram is not more integrated 
tan it is. For instance, on Sun- 
y morning the Spanish-speak- 
people have their separate 
)rship service. On Sunday 
emoon, the Chinese-speak- 
l people have their services. 
A.S far as the Chinese are con- 
.ned, it is more than a Ian- 
age factor. It has to do with 
iir respect for their elders, 
3ir love for their heritage, 
iir desire to keep their identi- 
in a foreign culture. In addi- 
n to the religious aspect of 
nr Sunday afternoon pro- 
tm, they are teaching their 
Idren Chinese even though 
-y use both languages in their 
vices, 
^s I worshiped in both serv- 

RUARY 10, 1962 



ices, I gained a new apprecia- 
tion for the language factor. It 
was more than simply under- 
standing. It has to do with the 
associations that our religious 
symbols call to mind. The Latin 
Americans like to sing in their 
native language, partly because 
this is the language associated 
with their first steps in religion. 
The Chinese like to hear the 
Bible read in the words they 
memorized for the same rea- 
son that some English-speaking 
Brethren prefer the King James 
Version to the Revised Stand- 
ard Version. 

The membership is more in- 
tegrated than the program 
would indicate. Some Puerto 
Rican families attend the Eng- 
lish services on alternate Sun- 
days. This is less true with the 
Chinese. However, there are 
times when all do worship in 
one service. 

The question every observer 
asks sooner or later is what hap- 
pened when the congregation 
decided to minister to its chang- 
ing community. Edgar Butter- 
baugh, chairman of the church 
board, and Dr. Chalmer Faw, 
moderator of the congregation 
seven out of the last eight years, 
seemed the logical persons to 
ask. 

Surprisingly, the congrega- 
tion seems to have taken it in 
stride. • The decision did not 
bring the expected chain reac- 
tion of charge and counter- 
charge, of mass migration and 
withdrawal. 

Asked how this church had 
succeeded where others have 
failed, those questioned placed 
major emphasis on the study 
that went into the decision. The 
truth of the matter is that there 
has been more than one major 
decision about staying and serv- 
ing. Each decision was preced- 
ed by a study of the existing 
program, the community, and 
the mission of the church. They 
have come at three-year inter- 



vals spread over more than a 
decade. 

The last study, completed 
over a year ago, involved eleven 
study commissions with five 
persons on each commission. 
The one Dr. Faw served on was 
a Study of the Newcomers to 
the Community — Their Char- 
acteristics and Needs. They in- 
volved sociologists, people in 
the community, and almost 
everyone with something to say. 

"The studies had two values," 
observed Dr. Faw. "They gave 
a new sense of vitality to those 
who tended to be pessimistic, 
and made those who are by 
nature optimistic more realistic. 
But most of all, the studies 
helped to build unity." 

Why do people keep coming 
back, even though for school or 
economic or other reasons they 
moved to the suburbs? Replied 
one active board member, "We 
want to see what happens, and 
we want to have some part in 
helping it happen." 

No one knows what ought to 
happen. The church has not 
yet become. It is simply in the 
process of becoming. It does 
not have the answers. The an- 
swers are being sought. 

The ministers underscore 
what Don Benedict, the execu- 
tive director of the Chicago 
City Missionary Society, often 
has said: "Whenever anyone in 
inner city work speaks as if he 
has all the answers, it simply 
means that that person has not 
been in the work very long." 

We leave the unfinished story 
of First church — a church that 
began as a mission seventy 
years ago, served as the mother 
church to at least three congre- 
gations, and now moves in the 
direction of being a mission 
again. We leave with the feel- 
ing that this is our story — the 
story of a ministry we share — 
a ministry that seeks to preach 
and to live the gospel of recon- 
ciliation. 



"And they shall heat their swords into plowshares, 

and their spears into pruning hooks; 
nation shall not lift up sword against nation, 

neither shall they learn war any more; 
but they shall sit every man under his vine and under 
his fig tree, 
and none shall make them afraid." 

Micah 4:3-4 



micah 




Joseph Binder 



Something o'P a. Heretic 



FOR many years Bible students divided the 
prophetic writings into the works of what 
they called the "minor" prophets and the works 
of what they called the "major" prophets. By 
their definition Amos and Hosea and Micah were 
considered "minor" prophets, not because of 
what they said, but simply because the writings 
left by these men were smaller in size. Because 
they could preach their sermons in twenty 
minutes and sit down, therefore they were con- 
sidered less important. 

But that view is changing. Scholars are com- 
ing to see that the number of pages has no 
bearing whatsoever on the significance of a 
man's insights or his need to be heard. 

This is true of Amos and Hosea. They make 
a major contribution to our understanding of 
God even though their books are very short. 
And certainly in his own day, Micah was no 
"minor" prophet. The great prophet Jeremiah, 
perhaps the greatest of all the Hebrew prophets, 
had high regard for Micah and quoted him to 
prove some of his own points. Jeremiah credited 



10 



by C. Wayne Zunkel 



Micah with having brought about a major : 
pentance among his people. 

Hezekiah, the king at the time of Mica 
ministry, was probably one of the best kings 
Judah — about as good as their kings ever £! 
to be, at least in regard to religion. And ht 
again Micah was given the credit. Schol; 
speculate on whether King Hezekiah was nat 
rally inclined toward goodness or whether 
became good because of the prodding of Isai 
and Micah. Jeremiah indicated that it was t: 
prodding that did it. 

And Jeremiah indicated that "the elders 
the land" agreed that Micah deserved the crec 
for causing King Hezekiah to steer as good 
course as he did. Jeremiah recorded that the 
elders went so far as to indicate that the sparii 
of Jerusalem in the crisis of 701 B.C. was dire( 
ly related to Micah's prophetic work. 

There is a lesson here for men of God 

GOSPEL MESSENG 



ery age. If we are responsive to God's de- 
es for our world, if we have convictions and 
ights, then a certain burden rests on us to 
are our insights not only with our neighbors 
d friends but with men in high places. Lead- 
( s of nations are human beings, too. Like other 
lortals, they, too, need encouragement when 
ley attempt a course of action which is bold 
; d right. They, like many of us, can be en- 
( uraged and prodded into right paths, or they 
(n be discouraged and pressured into acting 
« en against their own best judgment. 
If the Berlin question is to be negotiated and 
ved, it will of necessity involve giving and 
ng on both sides, and our State Department 
d our President and his advisers are prepared, 
ilis reported, to make some concessions at some 
lilts in order to receive some concessions at 
(iier points from the Russians. At this point, 
t,e American people are willing to stand firmly 
lljhind the President in going to war if he deems 
i necessary. Will they also be willing to stand 
1 hind him in taking the steps he feels neces- 
^ \ to preserve the peace? 

And the consensus of a number of analysts 

i "no." They fear the President lacks a wide- 

sread public opinion — the kind of widespread 

linger for peace which would allow him the 

Itfeedom and the unity he needs to bring about 

^solution. Any attempt to negotiate and ease 

te tensions will probably be met with cries of 

^ipeasement, they say. The people who want 

J ace, who want the world to resolve its differ- 

f.ces, have been disturbingly quiet through all 

cthis. The President himself is reported to fear 

1 lacks the public backing he needs to take 

t? steps necessary to bring about peace. 

I Like Micah, we who follow in his tradition 

live a responsibility to see beyond the hysteria 

cjthe moment, beyond the cries and pressures 

(| men blinded by hate and fear and falsehood 

ad greed. And once we have concerns and 

ijiights, even though they be minority insights, 

i the spirit of Micah we need to make them 

liown. Through letters to the editors of local 

jlpers, through regular correspondence to our 

liesident and our elected representatives, 

tl'ough being aware and informed, through a 

si'.rit of prayer and sensitivity, we need to keep 

f|ve the application of the will of God to the 

ciairs of our world. 

Micah came on the stage of history shortly 

er Amos and Hosea passed from the scene. 

Syria, which had been threatening during the 

3time of Amos and Hosea, had begun to move. 

5 ria with her capital at Damascus had been 

iiquered in 732 B.C. Many of her people had 

I iRUARY 10, 1962 



been carried into exile. The northern kingdom 
of Israel suffered the same fate ten years later. 
As a helpless onlooker from the hills of Judah, 
Micah had watched Israel come to her pitiful 
end, with the gloomy predictions of Amos and 
Hosea fulfilled before his eyes. 

By the time of Micah, the southern kingdom 
of Judah remained as a small surviving buffer 
lying between Assyria and the eventual realiza- 
tion of Assyria's ambitions to conquer Egypt. 
Because of its hills and because the armies of 
Assyria were accustomed to waning on the 
plains, relatively small numbers of soldiers of 
Judah were able to withstand great numbers of 
Assyrians. 

When Micah began his ministry, Assyria had 
conducted thirteen major military campaigns 
toward Palestine and Egypt, and there was 
every reason to believe these military drives 
would continue and intensify. It seemed very 
evident to Micah that unless Judah became 




World Council of Churches 

"He has showed you, O man, what is good; 
... to love kindness" 



11 



scrupulous with regard to her internal life and 
her foreign relationships, the nation would be 
destined, sooner or later, for annihilation. 

Micah himself came from the village of 
Moresheth, a small town on the border between 
Judah and the Philistine country. His was a 
frontier village, an outpost in the direction of 
Egypt. It would be one of the first objectives 
for attack in case of a military campaign against 
Palestine from either the south or the west. It 
it natural, therefore, that he should be con- 
cerned over the international situation because 
the welfare of his own home and home town 
were very much at stake. 

Unlike Amos, who was a herder of sheep, or 
Hosea, who was a prosperous farmer, or Isaiah, 
who was an aristocrat reared at court in the 
capital city of Jerusalem, Micah came out of 
the laboring classes. The Interpreter's Bible 
suggests that in our day he would probably feel 
more at home speaking in a labor hall than in 
a cathedral. He was a small town artisan. His 
sermons reflect deep sympathy for the poor. 
Amos and Hosea were also friendly to the poor 
and concerned about their needs. But no other 
prophet threw all of his strength behind their 
cause with such abandon and intensity as did 
Micah. 

Micah would have been delighted with 
Luke's report of the Sermon on the Mount, 
where Luke quotes Jesus as saying, "Blessed are 
you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God." 
Micah upbraided the leaders of his day and 
the wealthy because they had no pity in their 
hearts. And with such strength did he drive 
home his conviction that true religion must al- 
ways involve pity and concern that to this day 
no one any longer can really seriously lay claim 
to being religious if he has no trace of pity. 
Micah, perhaps more than any other one man, 
helped make tenderness, sympathy, and kind- 
ness the hallmarks of religion. His message has 
stayed with us. 

After a time, Assyria began to demand a 
tribute in taxes first from the northern kingdom 
of Israel and later from the southern kingdom 
of Judah. Assyria cared little how the money 
was raised; therefore, the rich nobles and ofii- 
cials of Jerusalem simply passed the burden on, 
requiring the poor country districts to furnish 
the quota. They themselves were left untouched. 
All this was common knowledge. But the poor 
were helpless to defend themselves. Micah calls 
those who oppress the poor, "cannibals" 
"who tear the skin from off my people, 
and their flesh from off their bones." 

Further, Micah was concerned about the 

12 



lack of honesty and trustworthiness. The nci 
are full of violence and deceit. "The godly mai 
has perished from the earth," he says. 

In Micah's day men had come to worship lil 
works of their own hands; Moffatt translates ii 
"You must not worship the things you manil 
facture." They were pleased and found greJ 
comfort in their materialistic advance, thel 
know-how. 




Three Lions 
Micah as painted by John Singer Sargent 

GOSPEL MESSENGEI 



I And they are not interested in the stern 
>i)rds of a poor preacher. Micah records that 
tj3y said to him, "Do not preach. . . . One should 
lit preach of such tilings." 
i The most significant thing Micah had to say 
i| found in the sixth chapter beginning with 
tb sixth verse. And saying it, immediately 
rlide Micah a heretic. 

" 'With what shall I come before the Lord, 
J and bow myself before God on high? 

Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, 

with calves a year old? 
Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of 
rams, 
with ten thousands of rivers of oil? . . . 
He has showed you, O man, what is good; 
and what does the Lord require of you 
but to do justice, and to love kindness, 

and to walk humbly with your God?' " 
Micah does not say a thing about repenting 
feeling bad or joining a church. He believes 
a mans religion must relate to life or his re- 



ligion is useless. A careful reading of Jesus' 
own words would lead a man to agree that some- 
thing of Micah's kind of heresy is not far from 
the gospel of Jesus. 

These early prophets, products of their 
times, related as best they knew the truth of 
God to life about them. The truth they spoke 
was incisive. Often they were not listened to; 
often they were ridiculed. Then the little 
kingdoms of Israel and Judah passed off the 
scene — they disappeared. And the great em- 
pires of Assyria and Egypt took over. And today 
these great empires are the fields for archeologi- 
cal study with their great cities now in ruins. 

But through it all, one thing lives on: the 
simple, yet sublime truths of these prophets. 
Their moral and ethical insights are still with 
us, their great concepts of God. What they said 
is still radiant and creative; it speaks to our age 
even as they spoke to theirs; and after all these 
changing centuries, it is far more appreciated 
now than it was on the day it was first uttered. 



By THIS Shall All Men Know" 



TOW do people know who 
ji and what we are? Only 

)d really knows. He knows 
better than we know our- 

ves. But other people know 



Message for Race Relations Sunday 



rich about us. One of the 

I )st important things for them 
know is whether we are dis- 

cbles of Jesus Christ. How, 
n, do they know that? 
Superficially we distinguish 
e person from another by his 
pearance; thus we know 
nething about him from a 
:ture of him. We know about 
ideas by analyzing what he 
said and written. We know 
)re about him by gathering 
imates of him by those who 
e, work, and play with him. 
But to know him well we 
ist understand his basic ab- 
bing commitments, his ulti- 
vte purposes. For this we 

1 ist observe his attitude to- 

IRUARY 10, 1962 



ward other people, how he re- 
acts to all sorts and conditions 
of men. Is he sensitive to their 
individual situations? How does 
he respond to their needs? Is 
he contemptuous of them in the 
mass, or is he compassionate? 
Does he "look down" upon 
people of other races? 

Jesus Christ said: "By this 
all men will know that you are 
my disciples, if you have love 
for one another." Thus is the 
Christian to be judged — by his 
attitude of love manifested in 
his behavior. Thus is he to be 
known for what he is. 

The ideas a person holds 
about race relations are im- 
portant, but they are not 
enough to characterize him as 
a Christian. Any person with a 
lively concern for justice may 
have valid ideas about race. If 
a person is a disciple of Christ, 



by Roswell P. Barnes 

he goes beyond justice — he 
loves. He loves all of God's 
children for whom Christ died. 
Justice is inextricably involved 
in such love. 

Profession of faith in Christ 
is essential to discipleship, but 
it must go beyond mere assent 
of the mind. Faith that is ac- 
ceptable to God and convincing 
to men gives evidence of itself 
in the attitude of love, express- 
ing itself in behavior. Yet even 
good behavior, in itself, may 
reveal only conformity or con- 
sent to prevailing social patterns 
— a matter of good manners — 
adopted in order to avoid em- 
barrassment. It may be for 
effect. 

So the only sure test, for the 
disciple of Christ, is love. 

Love is not reserved for those 
who are congenial or who are 
of the same race and nationah- 

13 



ty. "And if you salute only your 
brethren, what more are you 
doing than others?" Moreover, 
we are commanded to love not 
only those who love us, but even 
our enemies. 

This test of Christian disciple- 
ship is not easy. It may at first 
be rebuffed by those who have 
been hurt so much that they 
fear being hurt again by expos- 
ing themselves to another rejec- 
tion. But persistent Christian 
love, which is costly, is even- 
tually reconciling, heahng, and 
restorative, for it is a witness to 
God's love. And God's love is 
the fact of which we constantly 
need to be reminded. 

We are known better by our 
attitude of love than by our ar- 
guments for what we believe to 
be right in the matter of race 
relations or anything else. Un- 
less we have love, argument 
may be a kind of combat, with 
loyalty to truth being confused 
with pride in our own ideas. 

Love marks the difference be- 
tween the disciples of Christ 
and the doer of good for the 
sake of credit for righteousness. 
Christ so loved us that he gave 



his hfe for blundering and will- 
ful sinners of all nations and 
races. 

The church of Christ is to be 
known by the same test that he 
set for his disciples. In the 
church especially, we are called 
to "have love for one another" 
across all lines of difference that 
so often divide people and are 
so often the occasion for an- 
tagonisms. 

Love repudiates and casts out 
whatever gives offense or causes 
humiliation to others. A church 
must therefore achieve and 
demonstrate a unity which 
manifests the attitudes demand- 
ed by Christian faith and disci- 
pline. Because of its professed 
allegiance and standards, it 
should be a fellowship dis- 
tinguishable from that of other 
agencies in the community. 

It is not enough for a church 
to conform to the best practices 
in the society around it. Rather, 
it is bound by the test Christ set 
for his disciples and by which 
they are to be known. It ac- 
knowledges his Lordship; it 
must so manifest it that all men 
may know his will for men. A 



church must be faithful to i! 
calling regardless of what othe; 
may think or do. j 

Christian love requires th 
we support laws to further ju; . 
tice and freedom in the righ^ 
of full citizenship, educatio 
employment, and residenc 
Above all, we who profess to I 
disciples of Christ have som 
thing even more essential ;| 
contribute to race relations 
the new commandment to \o\\ 
one another as he loves us. Tl 
church needs this active lev 
Our nation needs it. The worj 
needs it. 

On this Race Relations Sic 
day we should look into oi 
own hearts, repent for our fa: 
ures and hypocrisies, thank Gel 
for his love for all men, and r 
joice that we are called b 
Christ to be his disciples. 'U 
must witness to the onene 
of God's family through oi 
churches and in our commun 
ties. Only then can justic 
freedom, and human digniljgl 
become manifest through h\^ 
in our world. "By this all me| 
will know ..." 



MY BROTHER'S KEEPER 

THEODORA A. FAIR 

Hands, 

Beseeching hands, 
Reaching out of the darkness 
To me. 

Voices, 

Children's voices 

Crying that they have hunger 

And no bread. 

"Help me. 

Help me, trother," ' 
Is their plaintive call, 
But I turn my hack 



u 



Because their faces are black j 

And I refuse to hear them at all, * 

The voices grow fainter, \ 

Fainter, \ 

Dying, 

Because I failed to see 

What lies beyond the color of skin — 

Personality. 

Is there really a difference 
Between black and white? 
With this question I paused. 
But in that moment 
While I stopped to decide 
My ''brother" 
Died. 

GOSPEL MESSENGE 



I>UBLIC 
V\/ELFARE 



Ally or Foe? 



by Charles E. DuMond 



iPHARITIES and social 
\J agencies have often been 
smulated by Christian com- 
j'ssion. Individual Christians 
\ve been concerned about 
Ijman need in all areas of soci- 
e '. But today there is a greater 
eiphasis on pubhc welfare as 
givernments assume more re- 
SDnsibility for the well-being 
c their citizens. How shall we 
l,)k at public welfare? Is it an 
a!y — or a foe of the church? 

In the church's history, as 
Cidy as the writings of the 
{itriarchal fathers and John 
(irysostom, we find compas- 
snate concern for the poor, 
dirysostom said: "God did not 
c'iain the giving of alms only 
i order that the poor might be 
111 but also that blessing might 
l] added to the giver; even 
ii)re for the sake of the latter 
t|m of the former." This atti- 
t ie led to the development of 
Mat was known as the virtue 
(i charity. It was felt that the 
cjurch needed to express this 
(Impassion. 

The church gradually took 



over a system of alms. The poor 
were cared for with tithe 
money, and these funds were 
gathered more or less compul- 
sorily. With the growth of 
ecclesiastical endowments the 
church became the dispenser of 
alms. These were administered 
at first by parish priests, but 
later the bishop controlled the 
charitable treasuries. As a re- 
sult tension was created be- 
tween the church and wealthy 
princes, and the state estab- 
lished foundations to help take 
care of the crippled, maimed, 
and infirm. 

Not everyone rejoiced at the 
responsibilities the church had 
towards the less fortunate. 
There were three attitudes 
present: some felt that their 
duty was to get ready for the 
next world and be unconcerned 
about this one; others believed 
that poverty was a necessary 
evil in the world to challenge 
Christian "charity" and there- 
fore were unconcerned about its 
causes; the great group of 
people were too satisfied with 



5RUARY 10, 1962 



the present social order to be 
concerned about reform. These 
three forces combined to make 
it difficult for the "compassion" 
of Jesus to have much expres- 
sion in regard to the major 
social refonns engendered in 
public welfare. 

However, Christian compas- 
sion, finding growth in a seeth- 
ing unrest for the condition of 
the poor, launched many social 
movements. Frederick Maurice, 
Charles Kingsley, and J. M. 
Ludlow are a few of the many 
persons influenced by this com- 
passion. They helped to build 
such groups as the Guild of 
St. Matthew, The Industrial 
Fellowship in England, The 
Church League for Industrial 
Democracy, and similar move- 
ments in America. 

But the real beginning of the 
modern social movement is seen 
in the London Charity Organi- 
zation, established in 1869 by 
the Rev. Thomas Chalmers. He 
demonstrated effectively princi- 
ples that could be applied to 
other organizations. 

15 



He determined: (1) that all 
relief should be orderly and 
businesslike with the elimina- 
tion of indiscriminate charity; 
that there would be an investi- 
gation of all applicants to de- 
termine their actual needs; all 
agencies would cooperate to 
prevent an applicant from de- 
frauding many groups with his 
claims; (2) that the major pur- 
pose of their social work would 
be the reestablishment of the 
applicant as a self-supporting 
breadwinner. This London 
Charity Organization planted a 
tree that someday would har- 
vest in public welfare programs. 

With the federal government 
now moving aggressively, in co- 
operation with state, county, 
and local governments, into 
fields involving the aged, the 
unemployed, school lunch pro- 
grams, and administrative pro- 
grams for rehef. Christians 
should review their position in 
regard to charity and philan- 
thropy in the perspective of this 
new approach to human prob- 
lems. 

The federal government was 
forced to take action during the 
depression when individual or- 
ganizations would have been 
too slow to react. Since that 
time public welfare has been 
operating and has transformed 
the concept of Christian com- 
passion into the "democratic 
principle," wherein total society 
has a responsibility for the well- 
being of the individual. 

The church's approach to 
compassion calls for review be- 
cause much of our social respon- 
sibility has been transferred to 
the state. Arnold Toynbee, 
British historian, said, "The 
twentieth century will be re- 
membered not for its ideologi- 
cal conflicts or wars, its great 
technological advance, but be- 
cause for the first time man 
had come to realize that it was 
possible for the great masses of 
people to aspire to a decent 

16 



level of living." We are indeed 
in transition in regard to social 
attitudes, and the church must 
be aware of this change. 

Christian compassion, fortu- 
nately, has influenced some 
individuals, and they are now 
serving in that great humani- 
tarian tradition that helps the 
blind, the crippled, the aged, 
the maimed, the widow, and 
the fatherless, and has em- 
braced the total range of man's 
generosity to man. However, 
in acknowledging this modem 
miracle we hope that welfare 
will not forget the Judeo-Chris- 
tian belief that the individual 
person has social value because 
he was created by God. 

For welfare to divorce this 
concept from its pattern of 
thinking is to give birth to the 
totalitarian welfare state. Such 
a state can easily become ni- 
hilistic, just as the results of 
Nietzsche's teachings in Europe 
developed a nazi-type destruc- 
tion of those elements in society 
deemed unacceptable to con- 
trolling people. 

An examination of the scope 
of welfare's program in Elkhart 
County, Indiana, gives us in- 
sight to its coverage throughout 
this nation. These statistics do 



4 



1 

not tell the hour to hour, pers( 
to person relationships of pe 
sons and program, but tii( 
reveal areas of compassiona 
concern. Major funds are use 
as follows: Aid to the aged, 51 
recipients, $90 per month, tot£ 
$639,400; assistance to childn 
in custody of individuals ar 
institutions, 63 children, $129.f 
per month, total, $67,900; a: 
to dependent children, 2( 
families, 920 children, $48 p^ 
month, total, $530,000. The 
are a few of the major categorii 
of expenditure. 

At present time the counl 
welfare organization hires nini 
teen people. These handle 
case load of 1,752 peopl 
There are nine caseworker 
nine clerical workers, and oi 
superviser. Each casework 
has a case load of 195 famili 
Records and reports for 1 
families keeps each of the nir 
clerical workers busy. Salai 
range for a county director in 
county our size is $325 to $56| 
Our present social caseworkei 
are being paid only $4,200 p( 
year. 

The total program, involvii 
$1,450,935 in this county, is we 
administered with dedicate 

Continued on page 18 



THE SEEDS 

RUTH GRIGGS 

My God, I cannot pray, "Give peace 
To world at war. Bid fighting cease/' 
If in my heart deep grudges hide, 
If there are folks I can't aMde, 
If I pray really more for me 
Than for the souls whose needs I see. 

But God, your peace can live in me, 
Your love through me Mess all I see. 
Forgiveness, health, and wholeness flow 
From you, to me, to every soul; 
When Fm your instrument of peace 
Then dare I pray, "Make warfare cease.'' 



GOSPEL MESSENGEi 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



On Feb. 10 and 11, the First church, York, Pa., hon- 

, ;d M. Guy West for forty years of service in the min- 

ry. He was first installed into the ministry on Feb. 4, 

J 22, in the Nokesville church, Va. He is now in his 

1 ith year of pastoral work for the First church. 

; Betty Amett, nurse in Nigeria since 1958, and Wil- 

]m Hare, I-W teacher at the Lassa senior primary 

lool since January 1961, were married at the close 

the annual mission meeting at Waka, Jan. 21. They 

>|11 continue their work in the school and hospital at 



[i The Southern Ohio Choral Society will feature the 
jiblished anthems and arrangements of the Brethren 
(fnposer and hymnist, Don Frederick, at its spring con- 
(j-t on April 15, at the West Milton church. Professor 
Isderick is currently head of the department of music 
; McPherson College. 

A brochure describing the program of the Children's 
Ji Society of the Church of the Brethren at NefiFsville, 
l)., is now available to anyone requesting a copy. At 
I ^sent the major portion of the Children's Aid Society's 
r ponsibility is for teen-age girls with emotional or 
s ial disturbances. Glen Crago is superintendent. 

Manchester College is offering seven courses for the 
sing term Saturday classes, which began Feb. 3 and 
\ 1 continue until April 21. Introduction to sociology, 
rjasurement and guidance, elementary education, child 
fi'chology, American diplomacy, and modem poetry 
a;: being scheduled; the seventh course is the continua- 
tp of the National Science Foundation institute for 
j lior high school teachers of science. 

, Bridgewater College will launch a million dollar 
bilding program in April, when ground is broken for 
a.iew library estimated to cost $500,000. Designed to 
b nd architecturally with the other buildings on the 
cnpus, the library will be three stories high, house 
li),000 volumes, seat 269 readers, and provide sixty 
in ividual study alcoves. It will be ready for occupancy 
b the fall of 1963. 

The Manchester College a cappella choir was 

f'tured in a choral concert at the Ohio State pastors 
c [ference the last Monday of Januaiy. Raymond R. 
I |ers was chairman of the association; his son Bentley, 
ajenior at Manchester, is a member of the choir. The 
ciiir also sang at the Mack Memorial and the Donnels 
C ;ek churches on Sunday. 



Mrs. Nevin W. Fisher, assistant professor of Bible 
a 1 philosophy at Elizabethtown College, was honored 
b the Department of United Church Women of 
t Greater Philadelphia Council of Churches at its 
r ent annual luncheon. Mrs. Fisher was one of 
e bteen chosen from participating denominations to 
b honored. In addition to her teaching duties, Mrs. 
I her serves as director of religious education of the 
d ricts of Eastern and Southern Pennsylvania and 
^ tth Atlantic. 
i RUARY 10, 1962 



Herbert Hogan will become dean of La Verne Col- 
lege upon the retirement of Paul B. Baum on July 1. Dr. 
Baum will remain on the faculty as head of the newly 
developing graduate and fifth-year program of the col- 
lege. He will teach graduate courses in education and 
counsel at the graduate level. 

Rev. James W. Clarke, pastor of the Second Presby- 
terian church in Richmond, Va., will be the featured 
speaker at the Bridgewater College annual spiritual life 
institute, Feb. 13-15. Reverend Clarke will deliver four 
lectures entitled The World's Worst Preacher, The 
Lordship of Christ, The Ordinary Minister in Extra- 
ordinary Times, and The Magnificence of God. 

Six courses are being offered for the Southern Ohio 
school of Christian living, which began Feb. 5 and will 
continue each Monday evening until March 5. Coving- 
ton church is host for the school. The courses are: 
better church music, the church's program for youth, 
creative activities for the children's department, the new 
shape of American religion, the strange new world of 
the Bible, and new camping adventures. 



The Church Calendar 
February 11 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: Christian Family Living. Ex. 
20:12; Prov. 1:8; Mark 7:9-13; Luke 2:39-51; John 
19:25-27; Mark 7:9-13. Memory Selection: Honor your 
father and your mother. Ex. 20:12 (R.S.V.) 

Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 13-15 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, Va. 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 25 Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 

March 3-4 Western Region executive committee and district 
executive secretaries 

March 4-9 Adult Seminar, Washington, D. C, and New York 
City 

March 7 Ash Wednesday 

March 9 World Day of Prayer 

March 9-10 Historic peace churches conference, German- 
town, Ohio 

March 11 One Great Hour of Sharing 



With Oxir Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. S. Clyde Weaver of Lancaster, Pa., in the Bethel 
church. Pa., Feb. 18 — March 4. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Six baptized in the Syracuse church, Ind. Six baptized in 
the Milledgeville church. 111. 

Seven baptized in the Fairchance church, Pa. Five 
baptized in the Quakertown church, Pa. 

First District of India reports the following baptisms for 
1961: Bulsar, 40; Khergam, 3; Bamanvel, 6; Bhat, 4; Vyara, 
40; Agaswan, 11; Champavadi, 17; Gadat, 21; Lakhali, 5; 
Anklesvar, 13; Andala, 3; JitaU, 9; Mortalav, 14; Vah, 8; 
Taropa, 7; JamoU, 7; Netrang, 13; Umalla^5. 

17 



Public Welfare 

Continued from page 16 

personnel. When this amount 
of money is multiphed by the 
counties of this nation, you can 
see that no church would rise 
up to meet the human need 
this program embraces. The 
critics of welfare's program 
have never offered a positive 
working alternative! 

A superficial examination by 
uncompassionate individuals 
would lead one to think that 
this program involves too much 
money. But a breakdown on 
the per case level indicates that 
even with all this money and 
program we are meeting only 
minimum needs. Many of us 
rejoice that our government is 
concerned about the crippled, 
the maimed, the aged, the chil- 
dren of those in prison, the 
widows and orphaned, and the 
blind. 

Our welfare program admin- 
istered in Indiana has problems 
developing out of the sources 
of authority and funds. The 
federal, state, county, and town- 
ship governments all cooperate 
to make it effective. Sometimes 
the county director has diffi- 
culty with the strings of au- 
thority in regard to funds and 
channeling of aid or relief. 

An examination of the local 
county welfare program quickly 
reveals its major problems : ( 1 ) 
interpretation of program to all 
county citizens, ( 2 ) recruitment 
of leadership to enlarge staff, 
(3) the inadequate amount of 
money appropriated by legisla- 
tion for caseworkers' salaries. 

A study of welfare's total pro- 
gram causes several questions 
to be asked. First, will the wel- 
fare program increasingly be a 
tool in the hand of politicians? 
When you think of the enormity 
of the program throughout the 
United States and its influence 
on individuals and families, this 
question presents real concern. 

18 



The results of this social service 
state can only be realized as 
time passes. With its present 
arrangement of local adminis- 
tration and local control we do 
not feel that it will be used as 
a political tool for any dictator 
or demagogue. Some of the is- 
sues presented in such a welfare 
program might become cam- 
paign concerns in any political 
platform. 

Second, does this program 
compete with the church in ex- 
pressing compassion, or does it 
merely supersede it? Necessity 
created the program and it was 
fostered by Christian compas- 
sion. No church organization 
could raise the funds through 
voluntary contributions to meet 
immediate needs such as those 
which are marshalled by gov- 
ernment. There will always be 
a need for the "milk of kind- 
ness" to be expressed to one's 
neighbor, and it is hoped that 
compassion will enable many 
Christians to assist a program 
that meets the needs of so many 
people. Welfare workers wel- 
come compassionate concern. 

Third, will this state program 
tend to sponsor sloth and im- 
morality? Opponents of the 
program can always find cases 
where some mother had a child 
out of wedlock to get more wel- 
fare support or where some 
wealthy stepfather refuses to 
support his wife's children or 
where individuals seem to be 
just too lazy to work or where 
residence laws have kept indi- 
viduals from receiving needed 
aid. Welfare needs to establish 
legislation to tie up the loop- 
holes that permit fathers to 
escape family responsibilities, 
mothers to bear numberless 
children at welfare expense, and 
families to escape financial bur- 
dens that they are able to bear. 
Since the Newport case some 
legislators are beginning to 
work on this problem. 

Fourth, is the cream of our 



financial support and voluntar)' 
leadership automatically bein^ 
siphoned to leadership responsi- 
bilities of the state, leaving the 
church on a skim-milk diet fo] 
its own leadership? Leadership 
is always at a priority in all 
programs. But since the churcli 
is the only organization that 
teaches the value of the servant 
motif it is constantly being 
drained of leadership to service 
agencies. Since low prestige is 
associated with low economic 
returns in our monetary culture, 
not too many young people 
want to give of their time to 
lowly paid welfare positions. 
This creates a problem of re- 
cruitment for welfare and the 
church. ' 

These questions will be an- 
swered in different ways by 
different people. 

In a democratic society it is 
necessary for the responsible tO[ 
care for the less fortunate. Thei 
question remains. What is our 
attitude towards the welfare 
program? Is public welfare the 
church's foe or ally? In answer- 
ing this question we might ask 
ourselves the parallel questions: 
Do we play significant roles as 
citizens about social concern for! 
the unfortunate? Have we| 
joined forces with those that 
are opposed to improvement 
organizations? Are we inter- 
ested in better housing, civil 
liberties, civil rights? Are we 
concerned enough to help 
people at the point of their 
need as in the story of the Good 
Samaritan? 

As for this writer, I believe 
that compassion, the heart of 
Jesus' teaching, is demonstrated 
in welfare's program in America 
and that it is an ally helping 
the church meet human need. 



Nothing in life is more wonderful 

than faith — the one great moving 

force which we can neither weigh in 

the balance nor test in the crucible. 

Sir William Osier 

GOSPEL MESSENGER I 



New Appointments 

to the 

Bethany Faculty 

by Paul M. Robinson 



ARREN F. GROFF, who 
has been associate pro- 
fessor of theology at Bethany 
jSeminary since 1958, has been ap- 
pointed dean by the board o£ 
directors. He will begin his new 
position July 1, 1962. He has also 
been promoted to the rank of a 
full professor. 

, Dr. Groff is the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Reinhart R. Groflf of Harleys- 
iidlle, Pennsylvania. He was or- 
idained to the ministry in the Potts- 
jtown congregation of the North 
[Atlantic District. He graduated 
from Juniata College, summa cum 
laude, in 1949. After attending 
jBethany Seminary, he received 
pie B.D. degree from Yale Di- 
|/inity School in 1952 and was 
awarded the Ph.D. degree from 
aale University in 1955. His dis- 
sertation was entitled The Unity 
jf the Person of Christ in Con- 
emporary Theology. 



k 1 




Warren F. Groff 

EBRUARY 10, 1962 



While at Juniata, he was stu- 
dent pastor of the Beech Run 
congregation in Middle Pennsyl- 
vania. He also served as a sum- 
mer pastor in the Lewistown 
congregation in the same district. 

Following his graduation from 
Yale, Dr. Groflf was associate pro- 
fessor of religion at Bridgewater 
College from 1954 until 1958, 
when he was called to the semi- 
nary. 

The dean-elect is a member of 
the National Association of Bibli- 
cal Instructors and the American 
Theological Society. He was a del- 
egate for the Church of the Breth- 
ren to the North American Study 
Conference at Oberlin, Ohio, in 
the summer of 1957, and has been 
the representative of the Church 
of the Brethren on the Advisory 
Board of the American Bible So- 
ciety since 1958. In the summer 
of 1960 he gave an important ad- 
dress at the Second Puidoux Con- 
ference in Europe and directed a 
peace seminar in Germany. He 
was also a member of a study 
commission in preparation for the 
conference on The Nature and 
Function of the Church of the 
Brethren in 1960. At the recent 
meeting of the World Council of 
Churches in New Delhi, Dr. Groflf 
was named as one of 100 Chris- 
tian leaders across the world to 
the Commission on Faith and 
Order of the World Council. Dr. 
Groflf has written extensively in 
professional journals and in the 



various periodicals of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

He is married to the former 
Ruth N. Davidheiser of Pottstown, 
Pennsylvania, and has one son, 
David Warren, who was born in 
1956.. The Groflfs were the first 
seminary family to locate their 
home on the new campus near 
Lombard, Illinois. 

In addition to his responsibility 
as academic dean. Dr. Groff will 
continue to teach in the depart- 
ment of theology at the seminary. 

Also appointed to the depart- 
ment of theology is Dale W. 
Brown, presently a member of the 
faculty of McPherson College. 

Professor Brown is the son 
of Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Brown 
of Wichita, Kansas. He was 
ordained to the ministry in 
the Wichita church. He re- 
ceived his college training at Mc- 
Pherson College and graduated 
from Bethany Biblical Seminary 
in 1949. After a student summer 
pastorate in Enders, Nebraska, he 




Dale W. Brown 

was called to be the pastor of the 
new home mission church in Des 
Moines, Iowa, which has now be- 
come the Stover Memorial church; 
here he ministered from 1949 to 
1956. 

In 1956 he began graduate 
studies at Northwestern Universi- 
ty and Garrett Biblical Institute, 
during which time he served as a 
member of the faculty of both 
Bethany Bible Training School 
and Bethany Biblical Seminary. 
He is a candidate for the Ph.D. 
degree from Northwestern Uni- 
versity in June of 1962. The sub- 
ject of his doctoral dissertation is 
The Problem of Subjectivism in 
Pietism: A Redefinition with Spe- 
cial Reference to the Theology of 

19 



Philipp Jacob Spener and August 
Hermann Francke. 

When the residence require- 
ments for his graduate studies 
were completed, he was called to 
become director of religious life 
and assistant professor of philoso- 
phy and religion at McPherson 
College in which capacity he has 
served with distinction for the 
past four years. 

Professor Brown has served the 
Church of the Brethren in many 
ways. He has twice been a mem- 
ber of Standing Committee, has 
been moderator of Middle Iowa, 
has served on district and regional 
boards, and since 1960 has been a 
member of the General Brother- 
hood Board. In the summer of 
1948, he and his wife served in an 
international work camp in Car- 
rara, Italy. 

Professor Brown is married to 
the former Lois Darlene Kauff- 
mann and the Browns have three 
children, Deanna Gae, six, Dennis 
Dale, four, and Kevin Ken, born 
in October. He begins his work 
at Bethany on September 1, 1962. 

Donald F. Durnbaugh, a mem- 
ber of the faculty of Juniata 
College, has been appointed as- 
sociate professor of church history. 
Dr. Durnbaugh is the son of Ruth 
and the late Floyd Durnbaugh of 
Pontiac, Michigan. He was born 
in Detroit and has been licensed 
to the ministry in the Stone church 
of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. He 
graduated from Manchester Col- 
lege with distinction in 1949. He 
received his Master of Arts degree 
from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1960. 

Dr. Durnbaugh spent two years 
in Austria and Germany under 




Donald F. Durnbaugh 



the Brethren Service Commission 
from 1949 to 1951. After a year 
at New Windsor, he returned to 
Europe as director of the Austrian 
program from 1953 to 1956. He 
was invited to teach at Juniata 
College in 1958, where he has 
been a valued member of that 
faculty until the present time. 

Dr. Durnbaugh has been a Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania scholar, 
and a University of Pennsylvania 
fellow. He received the Colonial 
History Award of the Colonial 
Society of Pennsylvania in 1957 
and was a special lecturer at 
Bethany Biblical Seminary in 
1958. As a church historian, he 
has done extensive research in 
Brethren origins in Europe, which 
resulted in a significant book, 
European Origins of the Brethren, 
published during the 250th Anni- 
versary year of the Church of the 
Brethren. At the present time re- 
search is in progress for a second 
book on The Brethren in Colonial 
America. Professor Durnbaugh 
has also written widely in histori- 
cal journals such as the Pennsyl- 
vania Magazine of History and 
Biography, Pennsylvania History, 
and in various periodicals of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Professor Durnbaugh is married 
to Hedwig T. Raschka, whom he 
met in Austria and they have two 
sons, Paul and Christopher aged 
eight and three. 

While his major responsibility 
will be teaching in the field of 
church history. Dr. Durnbaugh 
will also direct a program of re- 
search for the students at the 
seminary and will serve as the 
seminary registrar. His term be- 
gins September 1, 1962. 

In addition to these appoint- 
ments in the teaching faculty, 
Marlin L. Heckman has been ap- 
pointed by the board of directors 
to the position of librarian at the 
seminary. Miss Carrie Simmers, 
who has for many years been the 
librarian, will continue her service 
as associate librarian. 

Mr. Heckman was born at 
Bethany Seminary when his par- 
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Vernon L. 
Heckman, now of Fresno, Cali- 
fornia, were students there. He 
was ordained to the ministry in 




20 



Marlin L. Heckman 

the Fresno church in the summe 
of 1961. He is a graduate of L; 
Verne College in 1958 and Betha 
ny Biblical Seminary in the clasi 
of 1961. Following his graduatio: 
from seminary, he entered upoi 
postgraduate studies at the Gradu' 
ate Library School of the Univer 
sity of Chicago, where he is 
candidate for the Master of Arts 
degree in library science in June 
of 1962. Mr. Heckman served as 
summer pastor in the San Fran- 
cisco and Empire churches ol 
Northern California and in thf 
Olympic View church in Seatde. 
Washington. He was a field coun- 
selor on church vocations in the 
Pacific Coast Region before com 
ing to seminary and was presideni 
of the Pacific Region CBYF and 
a member of the National Youth 
Cabinet from 1956 to 1958. ', 

Mr. Heckman is married to the 
former Shirley L. Ulrich ol' 
Wenatchee, Washington. He will; 
begin his service as librarian July 
1. ; 

William Beahm, who will be re-; 
tiring from his present post July 1,; 
has been appointed to the faculty 
of Bridgewater College in the de- 
partment of Bible. Dr. Mallott,! 
who will also complete his service 
to the seminary July 1, expects to^ 
retire to his new home near Day- 
ton, Ohio, where he will continue 
his studies and writing. Lois Eller, 
who has served Bethany for many 
years as registrar, expects to retire 
in the vicinity of Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia. 

• • • 

No bubble is so iridescent or floats 
longer than that blown by the successful 
teacher. — Sir William Osier. 

GOSPEL MESSENGERl 




!| Hildegard Wischermann of Datteln, Germany, Don Murray, and Eleanor 
[Vooters Plagge (from left in picture above), had a "family reunion" at the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices recently when Don and Hildegard 
topped in Elgin on their way to California. During the time that Don 
Jilurray served in the Brethren Service program in Europe, 1953-55, he lived 
11 the Wischermann home. At that time he promised to show America to 
flildegard, his GeiTnan sister. Now he is sponsoring the Geraian girl through 
"he Church of the Brethren student exchange program, and Hildegard will 
Ittend La Verne College, California, for one year. 

Eleanor Wooters Plagge, formerly of Maryland, was the second Brethren 
ei-vice volunteer to live with the Wischermann family in Kassel, Germany, 
j956-7. After she returned to the States, she moved to Elgin, Illinois, to 
/ork in the Church of the Brethren General Offices. 



UNITED WE SERVE 



Margaret J. Anderson 



It was just a chance remark heard in a Sunday sermon. Yet it 
tarted the wheels of my mind turning toward the brotherhood of man. 
I'd like to believe," the clergyman said, "the four men who carried 
^eir palsied friend to Jesus were not of the same household; not even 
f the same economic or religious background." 

Who were they then? I asked. Imagination supplied the answer, 
fhe Roman centurion to whom Jesus said, "I have not found so great 
lith, no, not in Israel." A Jewish tax gatherer, despised by his own 
eople for collaborating with the enemy. A publican, a mason perhaps, 
j man for whom Jesus had showed special concern. Lastly, a Samari- 
|in merchant, in Capernaum on business. 

Socially, materially incompatible, possibly not even liking each 
ther very much, they were drawn together by a common concern, a 
alsied friend, by a common trust, that Jesus would make him well. 

But, as they approached the Master they were thwarted in their 
lans. Like erupting lava the crowd spilled into the courtyard and 
irrounding streets. There was no way to get through. The tile roof? 
he publican mason suggested the possibility. Rope? The Roman 
jrmy commissary, of course. 

Finally the tense dramatic moment when the palsied man was 
)wered and Jesus healed his frail, long useless frame. 

Tliis time Jesus did not say, "Thy faith hath made thee whole." 
: is recorded, "When he saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the 
alsy, 'Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.' " 

CBRUARY 10, 1962 



Carl Waldo Holl 

► Carl W. Holl graduated from 
Manchester College in 1916. He be- 
gan his professional teaching career 
in the public schools of Ohio and 
Indiana and, subsequently, taught at 
Blue Ridge College in Maryland dur- 
ing the academic year 1919-20. 
After receiving the Doctor of Philos- 
ophy degree from Ohio State Uni- 
versity in 1923, he joined the faculty 
of Manchester College as head of the 
chemistry department. He held the 
distinction of being the first teacher 
with an earned doctorate to be em- 
ployed by the college. Having 
served as dean of the college from 
1927 to 1950, he resigned his admin- 
istrative responsibilities to return to 
full-time teaching as professor of 
chemistry. 

Dr. Holl was a master teacher. 
He had a rare insight into the unde- 
veloped potential of his students and 
an unusual ability to guide them 
wisely in the development of their 
inherent abilities. Combining com- 
petent scholarship with humanistic 
qualities, he helped his students 
reach beyond their greatest expecta- 
tions. His interest in his students 
did not end with their undergraduate 
years, but he maintained a continu- 
ous relationship with them through- 
out their graduate work and their 
professional careers. He remained 
a teacher in a small college and re- 
joiced as he saw his students achieve 
national and international distinc- 
tion. More than forty of his former 
students in chemistry have earned 
Doctor of Philosophy degrees and 
scores have gone on to become 
medical doctors, teachers, or indus- 
trial chemists. 

He was also a man of faith and a 
committed churchman. As a mature 
Christian scholar, he saw no conflict 
between science and religion. He 
served his church in humble ways; 
the spiritual foundations of his life 
were strong. His belief in immortal- 
ity sustained him in times of personal 
sorrow. Looking back across a life 
of study of the secrets of God's laws 
of science, and a life of personal 
faith, he could say with Robeit Milli- 
kan, an eminent scientist: "The Di- 
vine Architect of the universe has 
not built a stairway that leads to 
nowhere." — A. Blair Hehnan, presi- 
dent, Manchester College. 



A teacher affects eternity; he can 
never tell where his influence stops. 
Henry Brooks Adams 

21 




THINGS OF WONDER 



MANY unbelievable stories have 
been written about natural 
events in the great country of Africa. 
To us these are things of wonder. 
On the other hand, many things 
which Western culture brings to Af- 
rica are tagged "things of wonder" 
by our African brethren. 

Many times during the year I have 
heard this phrase used by people 
of the community as they walked 
by the farms of the students at Kulp 
Bible School. They really were 
farms of wonder; here, on sixty acres 
of land that the people had farmed 
and then left because it was unpro- 
ductive, sprouted and grew the best 
crops that had ever grown on this 
land, and it was accomplished by 
using only things which are available 
to anyone in the community. 

Observation of such accomplish- 
ments is the common way of learning 
in countries where literacy is not uni- 
versal. This is why Glen Draper, the 
22 



by Gerald Neher 



supervisor of mixed farming in the 
Church of the Brethren mission, had 
brought the farmers of the eastern 
area of the mission to Kulp Bible 
School for a field day. 

The term mixed farmer is used 
to denote a man doing diversified 
farming with a team of oxen and a 
plow. The Church of the Brethren 
mission has a revolving loan fund 
with which it helps young Christian 
farmers to buy oxen and plows to 
set up such a farming system. 

About twenty of these men gath- 
ered for the field day. During a tour 
of the farms they saw many "things 
of wonder." The fields are laid out 
so that a rotation can easily be fol- 
lowed. The three crops are cotton, 
guinea corn, and peanuts. 

All of these crops are planted on 
ridges for several reasons. Cross 



ridges can be put between the ro' 
to hold the rainfall when the 
are slack at the first and last of thi 
rainy season. Then, with the crop 
up on ridges during the heavy rai 
they are protected from water-l 
ging and dying. 

But the time the farmers appreci 
ate the ridges most is when it come 
time to harvest the peanuts, as al 
they have to do is break the ridgi 
rather than struggle with the olc 
method of digging them in hare 
ground. 

The farmers saw good stands o 
crops in the fields because insecti 
cides had been used when the seec 
was planted, and the plants werf 
spaced at the proper distances foi 
maximum yield. 

Soil conservation has never beer 
a serious concern to the African fo) 
land has always been plentiful. Tht 
muddy rivers of the rainy season and 
the huge mangrove swamps and del'i| 
GOSPEL MESSENGEB 



,s near the coast are witnesses to 
his fact. A new farm could be had 
or the clearing. But as Christian 
iien become aware that they have 
lome responsibihty for the land they 
Lok for methods to protect it. The 
jarmers had gathered during the 
iter part of the rainy season while 
/ater was still running in many 
itches. They saw that water run- 
ing oflF the farms was very muddy, 
/bile that which had run through 

grass waterway was crystal clear. 

Another "thing of wonder" was 
bat cotton, guinea corn, and peanuts 
ould all be grown on the same type 
f soil. Farmers in this area have 
raditionally divided their farms ac- 
ording to the type of soil. 
i The poultry project was observed; 
'nported stock, improved local stock, 
nd local stock are being compared. 
L trip was made to the students' 
ardens to see vegetables which are 
jecoming more popular in the Af- 
can diet. 

The farmers of the eastern area 
f the mission went home impressed, 
)r never before had they seen such 
i large single expanse of land cleared 
)r farming, nor had they seen such 
ood crops growing on land which 
leir grandfathers had farmed for 
enturies. 

The following week the "mixed 
irmers" of the central and western 
reas of the mission met at Waka 
or another field day. They too saw 
Ithings of wonder." About twenty 
irmers had gathered for the occa- 
on. Hans Beekkerk van Ruth, Har- 
Id Royer, and Dallas Oswalt work 



Farmers learn how 

to judge and 

evaluate crops 

in the field 




in the agriculture program at Waka. 
Waka was a good place to go, for 
the farmers could easily see the com- 
parisons of new land and land that 
had been farmed with improved 
practices for several years. 

In America new land is considered 
good land, but in Nigeria the farmers 
saw cotton on new land growing 
about a foot shorter than that on 




i Farmers study the effect of different amounts and types of fertilizer on crop 

;BRUARY 10, 1962 



land which had been planted one 
year before to peanuts! They also 
saw cotton which surpassed both of 
these grown on land that had been 
in a rotation for ten years. 

The tall stalks of guinea corn, often 
measuring ten or twelve feet, are 
very useful for making round house 
roofs and for making fences around 
the compounds. But as rectangular 
houses and corrugated roofs replace 
the round houses with grass roofs 
the long stalks become less impor- 
tant. To grow such a stalk requires 
much from the soil. In the farms 
the men saw varieties only half as 
tall as those normally grown but pro- 
ducing just as well or better than 
the taller varieties. 

Harold Royer prepared a demon- 
stration to show water retention on 
the land according to various farm- 
ing practices, pointing up the value 
of keeping the land covered with 
a crop. 

Several varieties of peanuts were 
being tested both for variety and 
for the effect of different amounts 
and types of feitilizer applied. 

Dallas Oswalt talked to the farm- 
ers about the stewardship of land, 
showing its value to us and to our 
children and the need for giving it 
all the protection that we possibly 
can. 

The fanners asked that we meet 

23 



again just before the rains begin to 
review the things which they had 
seen and to get seed for the coming 
year. 

It will be next year before it is 
known how many of the "things 
of wonder" will have turned into 



things of reality. All of the things 
that the farmers saw are things that 
they can do themselves, but it is 
not easy to give up traditional meth- 
ods which have always given food 
and to accept methods which are 
new and strange. 



Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
ily constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
church libraries are marked with an asterisk (♦). — ^Editor. 



Christology and Personality. Sur- 
jit Singh. Westminster, 1961. 206 
pages. $4.50. 

Current theological thought is 
working with the whole problem of 
Christianity's peculiar claims to 
uniqueness. This intellectual investi- 
gation has caused a flurry of activity 
by authors on Christology and on 
Christianity's relationship to the 
other great religions of the world. 
This book deals with these two 
problems and is an Asiatic Christian's 
attempt to come to grips with the 
whole matter. The author's burden 
of concern is an apologetic for the 
Christian doctrine of the incarnation 
in the face of the attacks made by 
contemporary Hindu thinkers. Chap- 
ters on the humanity and divinity of 
Jesus are included as may be ex- 
pected from such a work. In an- 
other chapter entitled God, the 
Absolute, and the Christ the reader 
finds the writer's answer and his af- 
firmation of faith in Christ's unique- 
ness. 

Persons interested in this problem 
will find the book interesting because 
of the hints of further available ma- 
terial made by the author's references 
to other authors. Followers of Nels 
Ferre wOl also be stimulated to ex- 
amine this volume when they dis- 
cover that Ferre's foreword calls it 
"more orthodox than the New Testa- 
ment." Although it may be helpful 
for those having a special interest in 
this area it is not the best volume to 
answer the average person's curiosity 
about the matter. — Floyd E. Bantz, 
McPherson, Kansas. 

"You and Your Grief. Edgar N. 
Jackson. Channel Press, 1961. 64 
pages. $1.50. 

It is fortunate for pastors and other 
counselors to whom people come for 
aid that some of the best help avail- 
able in the understanding and con- 
quest of grief is in small, readable, 
inexpensive booklets. Dr. Jackson, 
author of the volume. Understanding 
24 



Grief, a classic on the subject, offers 
in this brief treatise, immeasurable 
help to those who are grieving over 
death in the family. Not only to be 
given to a mourner, this book will 
enable a serious reader to face in- 
evitable death and resultant grief. 

The chapter. Religious Resources 
for Facing Grief, is very good but 
could have been still more valuable 
if called "Christian Resources" and 
the unique message of the Christian 
faith and the Biblical hope empha- 
sized. This limitation, however, 
should not discourage this excellent 
book's widespread distribution and 
use by pastor and people. — Harold 
Z. Bomberger, McPherson, Kansas. 

A Teacher's Guide to Children's 
Reading. Nancy Larrick. Charles E. 
Merrill Books, Inc., 1960. 277 pages. 
$4.95. 

Readers acquainted with Nancy 
Larrick's book, A Parent's Guide to 
Children's Reading, will find this a 
most worthy successor. The author 
writes from much experience in the 
classroom with children and as a 
teacher of teachers. Her concept of 
a good elementary literature program 
is based on the belief that the ele- 
mentary school reading program 
must encourage reading for pleasure. 
It must broaden the child's personali- 
ty, develop a better sense of life 
values, and make the child discrimi- 
native in selecting reading of an en- 
during quality. 

The book is true to its title — a 
teacher's book — for it is written to 
help teachers become "better ac- 
quainted with elementary school- 
children and the new books to which 
they respond eagerly." Part One is 
concerned with the characteristics 
and interests of children in the vari- 
ous grade levels, followed by lists of 
books to meet these grade level 
needs. Part Two discusses ways to 
stimulate the interests of children 
in good literature and correlate it 
to classroom activities and social 



New Book Discusses 
Prejudice and Educatioi 

► A new book with some arrestii 
assertions about the value of educi 
tion in curing social ills has be< 
published by the Institute of Hums 
Relations Press. The title is Educ 
tion and Attitude Change — The E 
feet of Schooling on Prejudi<! 
Against Minority Groups, by Charl 
Stember. 182 pages, $4.00. 

Writing in the January issue < 
Commentary, Lewis A. Coser sa] 
that many professional social ps; 
chologists have dogmatically a 
sumed that prejudice within 
population invariably decreases 
the level of education increases. 

"The main merit of Profess« 
Stember 's excellent book, howev* 
discomforting its results, is to sho' 
that such assertions simply do m 
stand up when confronted wit 
available evidence. . . . His result 
show clearly that there exists 
simple unilinear relation between ec 
ucation and prejudice." 



growth. Part Three explains how t 
evaluate classroom reading activitie 
and appraise books. Part Fou 
contains two annotated book lists 
favorite books for children ani 
teacher-enrichment material. Th 
book is stimulating and helpful. 
Mary E. Spessard. 

Seven Sins and Seven Virtuesj 

Karl A. Olsson. Harper and Brothers 
1962. 126 pages. $2.75. 

This book is a treatment of thi 
classical roster of vices and virtue 
in terms relevant to Christian livinj 
here and now. With keen mora 
insight, sharp wit, and fresh phrase 
ology, the author presents down-to 
earth guidance for the committee 
but uncertain Christian and a power 
ful challenge to the secular mind. H« 
reveals an acquaintance with th( 
contemporary scene and meets head 
on the "anything goes attitude" oi 
moral issues so widely held in oui 
day. But he does so without beinf 
"pious" and "holy." His illustration! 
are drawn from real life, and the 
reader feels that his problems are 
being dealt with by one who speaks 
to his deeper needs with understand- 
ing. There are evidences of freshness 
and imagination that will win the 
attention of the careful student anc 
more casual reader alike. — Carl E 
Myers. 

GOSPEL MESSENGEB 



News and Comment From Around the World 



Vlethodist Paper Hails Indian 
ntegration of Goa, Enclaves 

The ofiBcial organ of the Meth- 
idist Church in Southern Asia hailed 
India's armed action in integrating 
jhe three Portuguese colonies of Goa, 
paman, and Diu. 

I Declaring that there would be 
igeneral happiness in the country 
jfver the integration," the paper said 
jhe Salazar regime in Portugal, 
(which is still keeping to the out- 
ipoded ways of colonialism, must 
l/ake up and withdraw honorably 
rem other countries as the tide of 
,nticoloniahsm must ultimately tri- 
(mph in Portugal's colonies." 
''. Relief was felt in Roman Catholic 
ircles throughout India when re- 
orts were confirmed that no Cath- 
lic church had been damaged 
uring the Indian action in Goa. 
'ortuitously, or by design, the senior 
jadian commanders involved in the 
loa operations were Christians. The 
ir vice-marshal in charge of the 
ir force is a Catholic and the com- 
lander of the division which occu- 
ied Goa is a Protestant. Some 
lirty-seven per cent of Goa's popu- 
jition of 650,000 is Catholic, and the 
smainder is almost entirely Hindu. 
I Only eight Indian soldiers were 
jilled during the operation and the 
lumber of casualties among the 
ortuguese was not believed to be 
jmch higher. While many road 
iridges were blown up by the Portu- 
juese, no churches, mosques, or tem- 
jles suflFered even the slightest 
amage. 

oles Granting Exit 
lermits to Clergy 

Since early December, numerous 
-eiTnan Protestant and Roman Cath- 
c clergymen have been arriving in 
'/est Germany from fonner German 
■nitories now under Polish Commu- 
'ist administration. 

The clergymen reported that Pol- 



ish oiBcials had interviewed them, 
asking among other things whether 
they felt themselves to be Poles or 
Germans. If they said they wanted 
to be known as Germans, permission 
was given within a few days to leave 
Poland and take their belongings 
with them. 

Previously, German priests and 
pastors anxious to leave the annexed 
territories have had to wait several 
years for the necessary permission. 
A special center for returning clergy- 
men has been established at the 
Friedland frontier crossing. 

Protestant, Orthodox Churches 
Strive to Operate in "Red" 
Poland 

Little comment has been made in 
the free world on the trials of some 
twenty-four "legally recognized" 
churches that must operate behind 
the Iron Curtain in Communist 
Poland. 

This is largely due to the fact 
that the nation is 92.6 per cent Cath- 
olic and much of the world's atten- 
tion has been focused on the Roman 
Catholic Church's open fight against 
the pressures and atheistic propagan- 
da of the Red regime. But Protesant- 
ism, too, suffers from Communist 
oppression. 

Perhaps the only benefit derived 
from the government by the twenty- 
four Protestant churches is the fact 
that they are "recognized." The 
Communists do not recognize the 
existence of Jews or Jehovah's 
Witnesses. 

The largest non-Catholic religious 
body is the Polish Orthodox Church, 
which today has 413,000 followers. 
The Evangelical-Augsburg Church 
has many more churches but fewer 
members (143,350). 

Among the smaller churches are 
the Methodist (9,000 members) and 
the Baptist (4,000). 

Jewish religious life is virtually 



coming to an end. There are still 
many Jews in Poland despite the 
Hitlerite pogroms, and one of the 
Jews is a member of the Polish Party 
politburo. But there is only one rab- 
bi in all the land, according to the 
Communists, and but twenty-five 
synagogues. And some of the syna- 
gogues have been desecrated, turned 
into clubrooms, meeting halls, and 
factories. 

The Lutheran Church, now only 
a shadow of its prewar self, was once 
extremely strong in Silesia and East 
Prussia and in some scattered small 
communities. 

When Hitler overran Poland in 
1939, the Polish Lutherans suffered 
terribly. At one time the church was 
permitted to hold services in only 
five towns. It did not recover after 
the German exodus, which in time 
was followed by a government de- 
voted to communism and atheism. 

Protestant ministers and Orthodox 
priests in Poland are educated in the 
Christian Theological Academy in 
Warsaw, built in 1954. It has three 
sections. Evangelical, Old Catholic, 
and Orthodox, and provides a four- 
year course leading to degrees in 
theology. 

Settlement for Christians 
Planned in West Galilee 

Plans have been announced for 
the establishment of a largely Dutch- 
sponsored Christian settlement in 
Western Gahlee somewhat like a 
Jewish kibbutz. 

The settlement will become a 
school for practical Christianity but 
without any proselytizing purposes. 
The project is being devised by an 
international group. The first ten 
families to be settled will be "nom- 
inal" Jews converted long ago to 
Christianity. Dutch and other for- 
eign Christians, mostly faiTn and in- 
dustrial experts, are expected to join 
them. 



jhe work of reconstructing "the little Dunkard 
! lurch" on the Antietam battlefield had reached 
lis point as of October 1961; it will be completed 

time for the centennial observance of the Battle 

Antietam in September 1962. The story of the 

j lurch's relationship to the battle is told in the 

|ilhcoming book. Sidelights on Brethren History, 

' Freeman Ankrum, which will be published by 

e Brethren Press in late February or March. 

IBRUARY 10, 1962 




Anniversaries 

Mr. and Mrs. Norman N. Bollinger of 
Denver, Pa., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Nov. 5, 1961. 
They have been members of the Church 
of die Brethren for forty-eight years. 
They have one daughter, two sons, 
and eleven grandchildren. — Ada Ruth 
Leininger, Denver, Pa. 

Brother and Sister H. M. Brubaker 
celebrated their fiftieth wedding an- 
niversary at La Verne, Calif., on Jan. 1, 
1962. Brother Brubaker has served in 
the free ministry and has been pastor 
of several churches. They have three 
daughters and eight grandchildren. 
They are members of the La Verne 
congregation. — H. M. Brubaker, La 
Verne, Calif. 

Brother and Sister Homer F. Caskey 
celebrated their fifty-ninth wedding an- 
niversary on Feb. 18, 1962, at their 
home at Council Bluffs, Iowa. — Homer 
F. Caskey, Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Phares G. Frantz of 
Denver, Pa., celebrated their sixtieth 
wedding armiversary on Dec. 24, 1961. 
They are members of the Cocalico 
congregation. — Ada Ruth Leininger, 
Denver, Pa. 

Brother and Sister Charles Herr of 
Goshen, Ind., celebrated their fiftieth 
wedding anniversary on Nov. 12, 1961. 
They are members of the West Goshen 
church. They have two children and 
four grandchildren. — Verda Weaver, 
Goshen, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Kelley cele- 
brated their fiftieth wedding anniversary 
on Dec. 24, 1961, at La Fayette, Ohio. 
They have been members of the Church 
of the Brethren all of their married life. 
They have four daughters, one son, and 
nine grandchildren. — Mrs. Lester L. 
Moorehead, Midland, Mich. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Peters celebrated 
their fifty-seventh wedding anniversary 
on Jan. 12, 1962. They have eight 
children, seventeen grandchildren, and 
three great-grandchildren. — Audrey 
Layman, Rocky Mount, Va. 



Obituaries 



Anderson, Minnie, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Michael Mengenson, was born 
Sept. 16, 1883, in Norway, and died 
Dec. 30, 1961, in Waterloo, Iowa. She 
was married to Torger Anderson on 
Sept. 12, 1912. She was a member of 
the Waterloo City church. Surviving 
are her husband, one son, one grandson, 
two brothers, and four sisters. The fu- 
neral service was conducted by Bro. 
Walter E. Bucher, and burial was in 
the Waterloo Memorial Park cemetery. 
— Mrs. S. R. Schlotman, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Anderson, William H., son of Thomas 
and Sara Anderson, was born Aug. 9, 
1874, in Huntingdon County, Pa., and 
died Nov. 29, 1961. He was a member 
of the Pine Glen church, serving there 
for many years on the deacon board 
and as a Sunday school teacher. Sur- 
viving are three sons, four daughters, 
one brother, twenty-three grandchil- 
dren, and thirty-two great-grandchil- 
dren. The funeral service was conducted 
in the Pine Glen church by Bro. Fred 
Driver, and burial was in the Pine 
26 



Glen cemetery. — Laura A. Swigart, 
McVeytown, Pa. 

Bangs, Merle M., daughter of Irvin 
and Emma Shafer Helman, was born at 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, Aug. 19, 1885, and 
died at Bradford, Ohio, Nov. 28, 1961. 
Surviving are her husband, Levi, two 
sons, one daughter, and one grandchild. 
She was a member of the church for 
many years. The funeral services were 
conducted by Bro. Wayne Wheeler, and 
burial was in the Harris Creek cemetery. 
— Mrs. Chester I. Hooker, Bradford, 
Ohio. 

Bisel, Earl William, was born July 7, 
1906, in Jefferson Township, Pa., and 
died Jan. 8, 1962, in Somerset, Pa. 
Surviving are his wife, Mary Hoffman 
Bisel, four children, two grandchildren, 
three half brothers, and one half sister. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Earl C. Brubaker, and burial was 
in the Sipesville cemetery. — Mrs. A. G. 
Maust, Sipesville, Pa. 

Boeberg, Edna, was born March 5, 

1895, at Albion, Ohio, and died Nov. 6, 
1961, at Ashland, Ohio. Her husband, 
William Boeberg, survives. She was a 
member of the Maple Grove church. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. George Sheets, and burial was in 
the Nankin cemetery. — Mrs. AUce Way, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Buckingham, Elsie Dean, daughter of 
Edward and Sarah Webb, was born 
Jan. 25, 1896, near Prairie City, Iowa, 
and died Jan. 5, 1962, at Des Moines, 
Iowa. On Feb. 14, 1914, she was mar- 
ried to Irvin Buckingham. She became 
a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren shortly after her marriage. Surviv- 
ing are her husband, three daughters, 
four sons, nineteen grandchildren, and 
two sisters. The funeral service was 
conducted by the undersigned in the 
Prairie City church, and burial was in 
the Monroe cemetery. — Edward C. 
Zook, Prairie City, Iowa. 

Christenberry, Mary E., daughter of 
D. B. and Lottie Oberlin Hirt, was born 
in Pulaski County, Ind., Sept. 13, 1923, 
and died at Monticello, Ind., Nov. 12, 
1961. She was married to Leonard 
Christenberry on June 29, 1947. She 
was a member of the Buffalo church, 
Ind. Surviving are her husband, two 
children, two brothers, two sisters, and 
her parents. The funeral service was 
conducted by the writer, assisted by 
Bro. Leo Van Scoyk. Burial was in the 
Riverview cemetery, Monticello. — Ira 
H. Frantz, North Manchester, Ind. 

Dennis, Mentie, was born March 24, 

1896, in Massillon, Ohio, and died at 
New Philadelphia, Ohio, Sept. 20, 1961. 
She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Surviving are four daughters, 
one son, twelve grandchildren, ten 
great-grandchildren, two brothers, and 
five sisters. The funeral service was 
conducted in New Philadelphia church 
by Bro. Alvin Kintner, and burial was 
in the East Avenue cemetery. — Mrs. 
Robert Goudy, New Philadelphia, Ohio. 

Fahnestock, Harry G., was born Oct. 
24, 1882, and died at Pottsville, Pa., 
Dec. 16, 1961. He is survived by his 
wife, Emma Zerbe Fahnestock, one 
daughter, seven sons, two brothers, one 
sister, twenty-eight grandchildren, and 
eight great-grandchildren. He was li- 
censed to the ministry in 1924, ordained 
in 1925, and ordained to the eldership 
in 1932. He served the East Fairview 



church as associate minister, and lat 
the Schuylkill church as elder and mi 
ister. The memorial service was co 
ducted in the East Fairview church I 
the undersigned, assisted by Bro Amnw 
Merkey, and biirial was in the adjoi: 
ing cemetery. — H. A. Merkey, Ma;j 
heim. Pa. 

Ferguson, Lucinda Ann, died De 
20, 1961, at Rocky Mount, Va., at tl| 
age of eighty-three years. She was 
member of the Fairview, Rocky Moid 
church for many years. Surviving ai 
her husband, Alonza Ferguson, oi 
daughter, three sons, ninteen grand 
children, eleven great-grandchildre 
one great-great-grandchild, and oi 
brother. The memorial service was coil 
ducted by Brethren I. D. Hoy and Frai 
B. Layman, Jr., and burial was in tl 
Mountain View cemetery. — Audr(| 
Layman, Rocky Mount, Va. 

Fry, Ola, daughter of Frank aiij 
Sarah Fry, died Aug. 13, 1961, at tl 
age of seventy-eight years. She was 
member of the South Beatrice churcl 
at Holmesville, Neb. Surviving 
three sons, two daughters, eight gri 
children, and one brother. The funeri 
service was conducted by Rev. Sherma 
Kirkpatrick of Wymore, Nebr., an| 
burial was in the Blue Springs cemetei 
— Mrs. Addie Jenkins, Wymore, Nel 

Gallespie, Loretta, daughter of Ml 
and Mrs. I. S. Grady, was born in Syri 
cuse, Ind., June 12, 1876, and died D«] 
30, 1961, at Elkhart, Ind. She was 
member of the West Goshen chur( 
Surviving is one daughter. The funer; 
service was conducted by Bro. Pail 
Lantis, and burial was in the Wei 
Goshen cemetery. — Verda Weave 
Goshen, Ind. 

Hanes, Anna, was bom May 17, 188^ 
and died Dec. 29, 1961. She was " 
member of the Mount Morris churd 
111. On Feb. 28, 1909, she was marri 
to Samuel Hanes, who survives; on 
daughter, one grandson, one brothe 
and two sisters also survive. The funeri 
service was conducted by Brethr( 
Warren Hoover and Foster B. Stad( 
and burial was in the Oakwood cem( 
tery. Mount Morris. — Mrs. Robert 1 
Fridley, Mount Morris, 111. 

Harlan, Lois, daughter of Chesti 
and Sylvia Pepple, was born Nov. ! 
1915, and died Oct. 18, 1961. Survivin 
is her husband. Laurel Harlan, 
Ligonier, Ind. She was a member 
the Cedar Creek church, Ind. Th 
funeral service was conducted by Broj' 
Glen Mulligan. — Mrs. Harry Ricciusj 
Garrett, Ind. 

Helsel, Nora E., daughter of Jaspe 
and Laura Price Lake, was born Apri 
18, 1881, in Argos, Ind., and died Dec 
12, 1961, at Plymouth, Ind. She wa 
married to Jasper J. Helsel, who die( 
June 12, 1948. She was a member o 
the Plymouth church. Surviving an 
one son, two daughters, four brothers 
two sisters, twelve grandchildren 
twenty-three great grandchildren, anc 
one great-great-grandchild. The funera 
service was conducted by Brethrei 
Homer Kiracofe and Clyde Joseph ii 
the Plymouth church, and burial was ii 
the Poplar Grove cemetery. — Mrs 
Raymond Ullery, Plymouth, Ind. 

Hillery, Elmira, was born in Goshen 

Ind., Oct. 7, 1863, and died there Dec; 

12, 1961. On Sept. 21, 1891, she vvm] 

married to Lemuel Hillery, who diec' 

GOSPEL MESSENGEIl!_ 






,ug. 31, 1912. She was a longtime 
Member of the West Goshen church, 
lid., where her husband had served as 
I minister and elder for many years, 
iirviving are four grandchildren, seven 
■eat-grandchildren, one sister, and one 
;:other. The funeral service was con- 
I'jcted in the West Goshen church by 
ro. Paul Lantis, and burial was in the 
S/est Goshen cemetery. — Verda Weav- 
;•, Goshen, Ind. 

J Homer, Lillian B., daughter of Mr. 
lid Mrs. Levi Watson, was born near 
fiippensburg, Pa., Feb. 2, 1879, and 
'.ed at Newport News, Va., Nov. 18, 
'^61. She became a member of the 
jlhurch of the Brethren at an early 
;e. In 1918 she was married to Moses 
. Homer. With her husband she served 
';. the office of deacon for many years. 
pe was a charter member of the New- 
'jrt News church, Va. Surviving are 
3r husband, an adopted daughter, one 
'ster, three brothers, and six grand- 
jiiildren. The funeral service was con- 
victed in the Newport News church 
/ Bro. Forest O. Wells, and burial 
as in the Peninsula Memorial Park. — 
irs. Robert Callahan, Newport News, 
a. 

f Kann, Cora E., was born July 16, 
376, and died Aug. 26, 1961, at the 
7indber Home, Pa. She had been a 
) ember of the Pittsburg church for 
iany years. Her husband, John Kann, 
;.ed in 1917. Surviving is one brother, 
ihe funeral service was conducted by 
ifo. William Rummel, and burial was 
• the Smithfield cemetery. — Mrs. Jack 
/alter, Verona, Pa. 

, Knox, Thomas E., three-month-old 
m of John and Evelyn Dorst Knox, 
ed in December 1961, near Grants- 
lie, Pa. Surviving is one brother. The 
meral service was conducted at the 
laughlin church, Md., by the under- 
jgned, and burial was in the family 
femetery. — Earl Harper, Flintstone, 
|[d. 

j Mahan, Walter K., son of Grant and 
,illus Mahan, was born June 15, 1893, 
, Elgin, 111., and died at Crisfield, Md., 
lec. 24, 1961. On Oct. 12, 1919, he 
as married to Chloa B. Kreider, who 
,ed July 16, 1936. Two years later 
;; was married to Anna Weidema. He 
as called to the ministry in 1914, and 
id been active until his retirement 
1960. For six weeks in 1960 he 
\rved as a volunteer in a Bible institute 
I the mission in Ecuador. He had a 
|;sire to return and minister to their 
|;ed. Because of this desire a memorial 
,nd has been established for the 
pnstruction of a church in Ecuador, 
irviving are his wife, four sons, six 
jiughters, one foster son, and twenty- 
ven grandchildren. The funeral service 
as conducted by Bro. Elmer Ebersole, 
jsisted by Brethren Herbert Wolge- 
jath and William McDaniel. Burial 
is in the Rehobeth Methodist ceme- 
|ry. — Elmer E. Ebersole and Mrs. Eva 
jisey, Westover, Md. 
I Miller, Bessie C, daughter of Henry 
lid Ellen Platter Wilt, was born in 
jttinger, Md., Feb. 9, 1896, and died 
I January 1962. She was a member 
\ the Cherry Grove church, Md. Sur- 
ging is her husband, Frank Miller, 
e son, and four daughters. The fu- 
ral service was conducted by the un- 
Tsigned, and burial was in the 
antsville cemetery. — Earl Harper, 
intstone, Md. 
BRUARY 10, 1962 



Miller, Eva Mae, daughter of Samuel 
H. and Anna Terwilleger, was born 
Sept. 25, 1896, at Blue Springs, Nebr., 
and died Sept. 4, 1961. On Sept. 6, 
1917, she was married to Swigart F. 
Miller. For many years she had been 
a member of the Beatrice church, where 
her husband had served as pastor. Sur- 
viving are her husband, five daughters, 
three sons, twelve grandchildren, three 
great-grandchildren, and one brother. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
the undersigned and burial was in the 
Blue Springs cemetery. — John Ditmars, 
Holmesville, Nebr. 

Miller, Samuel E., was born in Elk- 
hart Township, Ind., Aug. 30, 1889, 
and died in Goshen, Ind., Dec. 28, 
1961. On April 22, 1909, he was mar- 
ried to Edna Kirkendorfer, who sur- 
vives. Also surviving are one daughter, 
one son, three grandchildren, three 
brothers, and three sisters. He was 
called to the ministry in 1928 and 
ordained to the eldership in 1932. He 
had served the West Goshen and Yel- 
low Greek churches as pastor and elder. 
The funeral service was conducted in 
the West Goshen church by Brethren 
Eldon Evans, M. D. Stutsman, Foster 
Berkey, and Paul Lantis. Burial was 
in the West Goshen cemetery. — Verda 
Weaver, Goshen, Ind. 

Moore, Naomi, daughter of Robert 
and Emma Patrick, was born Aug. 27, 
1890, at Palmyra, Pa., and died Nov. 
5, 1961, near Cornwall, Pa. On Jan. 
21, 1911, she was married to William 
T. Moore, who survives. She was a 
longtime member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Also surviving are one son, 
two brothers, one sister, and eight 
grandchildren. The funeral service was 
conducted in the Hanoverdale church. 
Pa., by Bro. Norman Patrick, and bu- 
rial was in the adjoining cemetery. — J. 
Herbert Miller, Hershey, Pa. 

Nickler, Rosette, was born near Nap- 
panee, Ind., Sept. 16, 1875, and died 
at Goshen, Ind., Dec. 29, 1961. On 
Jan. 8, 1893, she was married to Wil- 
liam H. Nickler, who died Nov. 5, 1945. 
Surviving are two daughters, three sons, 
fifteen grandchildren, twenty-six great- 
grandchildren, and three brothers. The 
memorial service was conducted at the 
Goshen City church by Bro. Clarence 
B. Fike, and burial was in the Grace 
Lawn cemetery at Middlebury. — Mrs. 
Lewis Dixon, Goshen, Ind. 

Nisley, Christina, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. John Schrock, was born near 
Shipshewana, Ind., Sept. 20, 1886, and 
died Dec. 11, 1961, at Elkhart, Ind. 
On March 21, 1903, she was married 
to Valentine D. Nisley, who died in 
1949. Surviving are four daughters, 
three sons, twenty-five grandchildren, 
twelve great-grandchildren, and three 
sisters. The memorial service was con- 
ducted at the Goshen City church, of 
which she was a member, by Bro. Clar- 
ence B. Fike, and burial was in the 
Yoder cemetery. — Mrs. Lewis Dixon, 
Goshen, Ind. 

Pepple, Chester W., son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Albert Pepple, was born Nov. 18, 
1881, near Laotto, Ind., and died Nov. 
28, 1961, at Garrett, Ind. On Feb. 24, 
1909, he was married to Sylvia Bosler. 
Surviving are two daughters, two sons, 
one brother, two sisters, twelve grand- 
children, and twenty-one great-grand- 
children. He was a member of the 




HANDBOOK 
of 

DENOMINATIONS 

in the United States 

Second Revised Edition 

by Frank S. Mead 

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most authentic data avail- 
able on the history, doc- 
trines, organization, and 
present status of denomina- 
tions in the U.S. Includes 
information on the recent 
mergers of several leading 
churches. $2.95 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



Cedar Creek church, Ind., where he 
served as a deacon. The funeral service 
was conducted at the Cedar Creek 
church by Bro. Glen Mulligan, and 
burial was in the Fairview cemetery. — 
Mrs. Harry Riccius, Garrett, Ind. 

Peters, Rollie Roscoe, was born Sept. 
30, 1875, in Darke County, Ohio, and 
died at Patterson, Calif., June 17, 1961. 
He was married to Julia K. Gilbert on 
Dec. 25, 1902. Surviving are his wife, 
two daughters, two sons, eight grand- 
children, and five great-grandchildren. 
Burial was in the Modesto cemetery. — 
Mrs. Ralph Webber, Modesto, Calif. 

Rickey, Eva, was born in Liberty 
Township, Ind., May 17, 1894, and died 
Jan. 10, 1962. On March 15, 1913, she 
was married to Glen Rickey, who sur- 
vives. Also surviving are two sisters. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. A. P. Wenger, assisted by Rev. 
M. L. Bel, and burial was in the North 
Liberty East Lawn cemetery. — Virgil 
Houser, North Liberty, Ind. 

Rockwell, Grace, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph Filburn, was born June 
27, 1901, in Worthington, Minn., and 
died at Santa Ana, Calif., Jan. 2, 1962. 
She was married to Ralph W. Rockwell, 

27 



i 




KERMIT EBY 



For Brethren Only 



The author — a Church of the Brethren minister whose major life 
activity has been in the field of teaching the social sciences and 
working in labor unions and other social movements — looks at his 
church from the viewpoint of a devoted critic. Illustrating his 
philosophy from a wide variety of experiences, he writes in a rever- 
ent and sensitive manner which makes his observations and con- 
clusions refreshing, pertinent, and stimulating. $3.00 

CHURCH of Ihe BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin. 111. 




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who survives. Also surviving are one 
son, two sisters, and three grandchil- 
dren. She was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. The funeral service 
was conducted by Bro. Galen K. Walk- 
er, and brurial was in the Evergreen 
cemetery at La Verne. — H. M. Bru- 
baker. La Verne, Calif. 

Schoonover, Clyde, son of John and 
Winnie Bell Schoonover, was born in 
Ashland County, Ohio, Oct. 30, 1903, 
and died Dec. 22, 1961, at Ashland, 
Ohio. On June 6, 1931, he was married 
to Lois Gail Piper, who survives. Three 
sons and four daughters also survive. 
He was a member of the Maple Grove 
church, Ohio. The funeral service was 
conducted by Bro. John Sheets, and 
burial was in the Maple Grove ceme- 
tery. — Mrs. Alice Way, Ashland, Ohio. 

Stump, Sarah A., daughter of Harvey 
and Bessie E. Stump, was born April 
12, 1912, near Walkerton, Ind., and 
died Dec. 24, 1961, at Wenatchee, 
28 



Wash. Surviving are her parents, two 
brothers, and one foster sister. The 
memorial service was conducted by Bro. 
R. H. Miller, and burial was in the 
Evergreen Memorial Park. — Willard 
Stump, Walkerton, Ind. 

Timmons, Leroy Albert, son of Jesse 
and Rebecca Hoff Timmons, was born 
April 9, 1898, near New Paris, Ohio, 
and died Nov. 21, 1961, at Henderson- 
ville, N. C. On Oct. 2, 1922, he was 
married to Virgil Garber, who survives. 
One sister and four brothers also sur- 
vive. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by Rev. M. M. Goss and the 
undersigned. — Charles Rinehart, Cam- 
pobello, S. C. 

Walton, Edna, daughter of John 
Wesley and Florence Goettle Grimm, 
was born Aug. 24, 1899, at Dover, 
Ohio, and died there Sept. 4, 1961. She 
was a member of the New Philadelphia 
church, Ohio. Surviving are her hus- 
band, Edward, four daughters, seven 
grandchildren, three great-grandchil- 
dren, and five sisters. The funeral serv- 
ice was conducted by Bro. Alvin 
Kintner, and burial was in the Ever- 
green Burial Park. — Mrs. Robert 
Goudy, New Philadelphia, Ohio. 

Wenger, John D., died at Royersford, 
Pa., at the age of seventy-five years. 
He was a member of the Green Tree 
church at Oaks, Pa. He was married 
to Verdie Garber, who died in 1957. 
Surviving are two sons, one brother, 
and three sisters. The funeral service 
was conducted at the Green Tree 
church, and burial was in the adjoining 
cemetery. — Mrs. Harry Buckwalter, 
Norristown, Pa. 

Wingert, Florence Louise, daughter 
of Joshua and Mary Myers Benedick, 
was born Oct. 2, 1873, near Lemasters, 
Pa., and died Dec. 27, 1961, at Dallas 
Center, Iowa. On Feb. 8, 1894, she was 
married to Harry E. Wingert, who died 



SlfJ 



# 



in May 1950. As a young woman, s 
became a member of the Church of t 
Brediren but later affiliated with f 
Dunkard Brethren church. SurvivL 
are two sons, three daughters, fi 
grandchildren, and six great-grandch 
dren. The funeral service was co 
ducted by Brethren W. S. Reed ai 
Joseph Flora, and burial was in tl 
Brethren cemetery. — Mrs. Harry A 
drews, Dallas Center, Iowa. 

Woodie, Mrs. Elbert C, daughter 
E. H. and Ida Davis Robertson, w 
born Dec. 8, 1894, at Forsythe Count 
N. C, and died Nov. 27, 1961, at Trou 
ville, Va. Surviving are two daughtei 
two song, and eight grandchildren. H 
husband, Elbert, preceded her 
death. — J. Weldon Myers, Troutvill 
Va. 

Wright, Walter S., died Dec. 1 

1961, at Harrisburg, Pa., at the age i 
sixty-six years. He was a member i 
the Hanoverdale church. Pa. Survivir 
are his wife, Mabel Cassel Wright, oi 
daughter, one sister, two brothers, io\ 
grandchildren, and four great-grah( 
children. The funeral service was coi 
ducted by Brethren Norman W. Patric 
and Hiram J. Fry singer, and burial wi 
in the Hanoverdale cemetery. — Claj 
Frysinger, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Yingling, Jacob M., son of Willia: 
J. and Mary Walter Yingling, was hoi 
at Blue Knob, Pa., April 7, 1892, an 
died at Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan, 

1962. He was a member of the Roarin 
Spring church. In 1921 he was marrie 
to Elda Ray, who survives, togethe 
with two sons, three grandchildren, fi\ 
brothers, and four sisters. The funer; 
service was conducted in the Roarin 
Spring chvuch by Bro. Berkey Knave 
and burial was in the Greenlawn cem( 
tery. — Margaret E. Guyer, Roarin 
Spring, Pa. 

Young, Milton Thomas, died No^ 
19, 1961, at Rocky Mount, Va., at th 
age of sixty years. Besides his wife, h 
is survived by his mother, foiur daugl 
ters, three sons, six grandchildren, tw 
brothers, and three sisters. He ha 
served as a trustee of the Fairvie^: 
Rocky Mount church for many yeari 
The funeral service was conducted b 
Brethren I. D. Hoy and Frank B. Lay 
man, Jr., and burial was in the Frankli 
Memorial Park. — Audrey Laymar 
Rocky Mount, Va. 



Church ISews 

Northern California ! 

Modesto — All of the church school 
classes studied stewardship three Sun! 
days prior to the every-member visita 
tion on Oct. 1. Guest speakers for tli' 
worship hour that day were Brethrei; 
John Hunter, of Sacramento, Herber, 
Hogan, of La Verne College, and Tru! 
man Northup, the pastor. Robert Keini 
of Sacramento directed the visitation! 
The one dollar for the outreach pro I 
gram for every two dollars used locall; 
was adopted by the chvurch council 
The district conference, Oct. 19-22, pu 
special emphasis upon prayer; Dr. Ceci 
Osborne, area director of Yokefellov; 
Groups, was the speaker. Several oi 
our young people attended the Li| 
Verne College homecoming event thi! 
first part of October. Our church school 
children collected funds for UNICEIj 
GOSPEL MESSENGER 



n Halloween. The church is sponsor- 
ag a 4-H Club, which includes five 
,:iroject groups. One of the adult Sun- 
llay school classes had an international 
(inner at which foreign students were 
pecial guests. — Mrs. Ralph Webber, 
Modesto, Calif. 

Colorado 

Colorado Springs — H. Stover Kulp 
dsited the church on the way to Annual 
'Conference. L. VV. Shultz was also a 
;uest speaker on a Sunday before Con- 
•erence. We had Bible Study each 
'Wednesday evening during the summer 
nonths. Four have been received by 
etter. Bro. Jack Havice concluded his 
jastorate in our church the latter part 
)i July, and on Sept. 3 Samuel J. 
vIcCamann began his work with our 
■hurch. The pastor attended the re- 
jional conference at the South Water- 
00 church. The CBYF have been 
'neeting every Sunday evening, and the 
vomen's group twice each month. The 
:vomen made four complete outfits for 
jhe Lybrook mission, two for boys and 
;wo for girls. They have also knotted 
;omforters, one of which was given 

a family who were burned out. We 
lad communion on World Communion 
mnday. Eleven of our members at- 
ended the ministry and missions train- 
,ng conference at the Denver First 
church. The church is helping to sup- 
)ort a Lybrook mission student at Mc- 
'herson College. — Mrs. Bessie Rink, 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Iowa-Minnesota 

Prairie City — Bro. Alvin Frantz, a 
ormer pastor of this church, showed 
Hdes and told about his experiences 
ivhile on a trip to Europe for CROP. 
\U of the churches in Prairie City and 
unrounding community participated in 
.1 four-night evangelistic service in the 
iiigh school gym; D. W. Bittinger of 
McPherson was the speaker. Six of our 
I'outh attended the camp at Pine Lake 
■lear Eldora. One of our members, 
Jetty Jo Buckingham, who spent part 
j)f the summer in Bretliren Service work 
in California, shared some of her expe- 
diences with us. — Mrs. Carl M. Elrod, 
prairie City, Iowa. 

1 Nebraska 

I Omaha — Bro. Max McAuley has 
oeen elected moderator of the congre- 
jjation. A new plan for church business 
meetings is being tried for one year; 
Ive conduct short business sessions once 
i!ach quarter at tlie close of the morning 
lervice. On Dec. 17, a Christmas drama 
vas given, which was followed by an 
iiU church fellowship. On April 1, there 
,vill be a fellowship meeting of all grad- 
lates and former students of McPher- 
ion College in the metropolitan area of 
pmaha and Council Bluffs. Graduates 
!>f other Brethren colleges will be in- 
lited as guests. The McPherson a cap- 
•)ella choir will be giving a concert 
jin April 29. - Mrs. O. J. Dickey, 
Pmaha, Nebr. 

Oklahoma 

Antelope Valley — On the first Sun- 
lay of each month we have a commun- 
on service and a fellowship dinner. 
Jsually, there are a number of visitors 
•resent. The congregation was host to 
he district youth rally Dec. 27-29. 
'EBRUARY 10, 1962 



i ^ 



Envy 
Anger 
Sloth 
Pride 
Avarice 
Gluttony 
Lust 



Wisdom 
Justice 
Courage 
Temperance 
Faith 
Hope 
Love 



7 SINS and /VIRTUES 



KARL A. OLSSON 



Karl Olsson revives the classical roster of vices and virtues to revital- 
ize Christian living here and now. With the spiritual insight and 
wit of a C. S. Lewis, and a brilliance of phrasing all his own, his 
every chapter cuts to the heart of modem illusions and spiritual 
dis-ease, and prescribes a Christian cure. A brilliant helpful guide 
to Christian truth and Cliristian living. $2.75 



CHURCH of Ihe BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. 111. 



David HefBey and Harley Stump were 
the speakers. The women's fellowship 
meets twice a month, usually in the 
homes. On Christmas Eve tlie young 
people gave the play, The Babe in the 
Manger. On Dec. 31, the pastor 
showed film and served as host to the 
congregation. The men's fellowship 
meets twice a month. We participated 
in Share Our Surplus offering in No- 
vember. — Maggie Cook, Garber, Okla. 

Washita — Bro. S. E. Caster has been 
serving as pastor since March 1960. 
Two have been baptized and four re- 
ceived by letter since our last report. 
Gene Hartman, a Brethren Service 
worker. Dr. Byrl McCann, a missionary 
to Africa, and Edith Merkey, a teacher 
at Lybrook Indian mission in New Mex- 
ico, have been guest speakers. Miss 
Merkey also showed slides of her work. 
At the birthday supper, Bro. Byron Dell 
of Thomas, Okla., spoke. Bro. Pearl 
Merkey was installed in the office of 
deacon. The women's fellowship has 
sent clothing and bedding to Lybrook 
and New Windsor for relief. Bro. Ches- 
ter Quine conducted the morning serv- 
ice on Layman's Sunday. The women's 
fellowship sponsored a family night 
with supper and a program. Anna Sue 
Gray and her husband showed pictures. 
Three from our church attended the 
district meeting at Clovis, N. Mex. — 
Mrs. Frank W. Jones, Cordell, Okla. 



Southern Illinois 

Springfield — In November 1961, we 
began our fortieth aimiversary year. 
The first major event was the message 
brought by Paul M. Robinson, president 



FOR 1962 

HARRY 

EDWARDS 

BARTOW 

Here is the 46th edition of this 
valuable aid for use by super- 
intendents and Sunday school 
leaders. It contains an abun- 
dance of practical program 
material for the Sunday school 
and for personal leadership. 
92 pages. Size 3)2 x 5'A. 85c 

CHURCH of the 

BRETHREN GENERAL 

OFFICES 

Elgin, Illinois 



29 



m 




Blessed 
Are You 



JANE MERCHANT 

Based on the Beatitudes, each 
of these devotions begins with 
a scripture quotation and is 
followed by one of Miss Mer- 
chant's perceptive poems and 
prayers. There are 84 medita- 
tions, all revealing the depth 
of feeling and beauty of spirit 
that readers of Miss Mer- 
chant's books have come to ex- 
pect. $1.75 

Church of the 

Brethren General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



of Bethany Seminary, on the occasion 
of the anniversary of the cornerstone 
laying. On Dec. 10, the pastor and 
Bro. Elvin Frantz, state CBOP director, 
shared the morning worship hour. 
Brother Frantz spoke of his impressions 
gained while on a trip to the Near 
East and Europe in the spring. We 
had our white gift offering the follow- 
ing week. This food was distributed the 
week afterwards. The laymen have 
been helping during the morning 
worship service. The ushers have reor- 
ganized; they studied the booklet 
distributed by the men's fellowship cab- 
inet. A part of our anniversary year 
program was the fellowship age-group 
meetings on Sunday evenings. One was 
a Christmas party at which the young 
couples and their children enjoyed an 
evening of singing, fellowship, recrea- 
tion, and dedication of the mittens giv- 
en for the Sangamon County children's 
home in Springfield. Every third month 
30 



we have an all-church fellowship sup- 
per, with a program of interest to all 
ages. The youth presented the Christ- 
mas play. The Greatest of These, di- 
rected by the pastor, Daniel C. Flory. 
On Feb. 4, Alvin Brightbill of Chicago 
conducted the morning and evening 
hymn service. This was the fortieth 
anniversary of the first church service in 
the church building. — Fred C. Brown 
III, Springfield, 111. 

Middle Indiana 

Logansport — Since the church is 
growing we have purchased the build- 
ing next door to use for the classes in 
the children's department. This build- 
ing was dedicated in September, with 
Bro. Charles Oberlin bringing the mes- 
sage. We joined with other Christians 
in observing World Communion Sunday 
on Oct. 1. We had an all-member en- 
listment in October. Bro. Herbert Fish- 
er spent one week in our congregation 
at this time. The children presented a 
Christmas program and the white gifts 
were dedicated by the pastor, Herman 
Landis. At the children's Christmas 
party each brought a wrapped gift to 
be given to the Salvation Army. Five 
of our members have earned recogni- 
tion in the Fellowship of Growth. — 
Mrs. Sarah Stamper, Logansport, Ind. 



Northern Indiana 
Bethany — Seventeen children and 
young people attended Camp Mack. 
Bro. Kenneth Long conducted the 
evangelistic meetings. Eight were bap- 
tized and two received by letter. The 
church school classes have been taking 
turns visiting the elderly people in nurs- 
ing homes, reading scripture and sing- 
ing songs for them. The young people 
went to Warsaw to vote against a liquor 
store. Bro. Israel Gorden has a class 
in church membership. — Mrs. Ben Swi- 
hart, New Paris, Ind. 

Cedar Creek — We had a communion 
service on the evening of World Com- 
munion Sunday. Each Wednesday eve- 
ning we have prayer meeting in the 
homes of the members. At the annual 
birthday supper in October an offering 
was taken for missions. Mrs. Lois 
Davidson, a missionary to Rhodesia, 
Africa, lectured and showed pictures 
at the community breakfast at our 
church. We participated in the union 
Thanksgiving services at the Baptist 
church. We had a supper and Christ- 
mas program on the evening of Dec. 
17. Six children were dedicated on 
Christmas Eve. On Dec. 31, Bro. Glen 
Schmucker brought the morning mes- 
sage. — Mrs. Harry Riccius, Garrett, 
Ind. 

Goshen City — A new club for chil- 
dren has been formed, known as the 
Pathfinders; it is for children from 
kindergarten up to eight years. There 
are two other clubs. Pilot and Pioneer, 
for older children. The children's de- 
partment participated in the UNICEF 
drive at Halloween. At Christmas the 
juniors decorated a tree with new mit- 
tens, gloves, or socks for needy chil- 
dren. During January the children 
brought bars of soap to be sent to 
missions in Tibet. All church workers 
were honored at a supper at the begin- 
ning of the new church year. Twenty- 
three of our members completed 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a fire 
service in the interests of assistin 
individuals or families to relocate o 
secure employment in Brethren com 
munities. It does not provide for th 
advertising of goods or property fo 
sale or rent. Information on paid ad 
vertising may be obtained from thi 
Church of the Brethren General OfiBces 

This service is part of the Brother 
hood program, assigned for administra 
tion to the Social Welfare Departmen 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject notice 
is reserved. Since no verification o: 
notices is made no responsibility can b( 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it i 
necessary that the number be given 
Write Brethren Placement Service, 
Church of the Brethren General OfiBces. 
Elgin, 111. 

No. 553. We invite anyone planning 
to locate in the Roanoke area, or al- 
ready in Roanoke planning a change in 
location, to take a look at the Oal 
Grove community; homes cost fro: 
$20,000 to $50,000. We have a n& 
church building, shopping center, mil' 
lion dollar elementary school, and al 
rapidly growing community. The new| 
shopping center, with supermarket, 
drugstore, doctor's office, and a variety! 
store, will be completed in the spring;' 
also a service station. The city bus line 
passes through this area. Contact: H, 
C. Spangler, R. 4, Box 64, Roanoke, Va. 

No. 554. Position available soon, for 
an ambitious young man or couple with 
experience, on modern dairy farm. 
Terms to suit. House provided. 4 miles 
from Brethren church. An exceptional 
opportunity for the right person. Con- 
tact: Bacon and Yoder Dairy Farm, 
Ashley, Ind. 



another year of growth experience and 
received recognition from the Fellow- 
ship of Growth-in-Service. Mrs. Roger 
Seibert is now full-time Christian edu- 
cation director for our congregation. A 
six-month training course. Introduction 
to the New Testament, has been set up 
for the young people who had asked 
for help in understanding the Bible. 
It is being taught by a Mennonite Sem- 
inary student. Following this course, 
the pastor, Clarence Fike, will have a 
class in Brethren beliefs. During the 
summer one of our youth, Trudy Crum, 
worked at the West Side Christian Par- 
ish in Chicago. The youth of the con- 
gregation cut pictures from magazines 
and mounted them for a picture file 
for use in Sunday school. They also 
addressed the church envelope boxes 
and delivered them to the members of 
the congregation. Bro. Mervin Cripe 
of Cleveland, Ohio, conducted revival 
meetings in November. The women 
participated in the World Community 
Day observance, taking schoolbags for 
children in Latin American countries. 
Prior to Christmas we had a family 
night Christmas tree festival, when each 
GOSPEL MESSENGER 



iamily brought a decoration for the tree 
Vhich was later given to a convalescent 
lome. On New Year's Eve we had a 
■andleUghting service in which all par- 
icipated. The members shared in a 
ioyalty dinner on the first of January, 
kt this time six doors of opportunity 
jvere opened to all: to teach, worship, 
Vitness, minister, share in world mis- 
'ions, and sacrifice. — Mrs. Lewis Dix- 
in, Goshen, Ind. 

North Liberty — The church mem- 
bership responded in numbers that 
hade rally day, Oct. 8, a success. Many 
i)f our youth attended the fall sectional 
iellowship conference at the First South 
;knd church, at which Robert West was 
'. guest speaker. The junior high class 
iupphed and planted trees in front of 
'he church. Bro. Robert Knechel of 
liouth Bend spoke at the harvest meet- 
ng and homecoming service. All of 
ihe North Liberty churches participated 
n the community Thanksgiving service. 
rhe pastor, A. P. Wenger, and his fam- 
jiy had open house at the parsonage 
fo meet and greet members and friends 
if the church. On the last two days 
;f December, Grant Steele and Brother 
;Venger attended a work conference at 
Manchester College on the revival and 
nission of the church. Two babies were 
dedicated on Dec. 17. The children 
;;ave a well-planned Christmas pro- 
:;ram. We had a watch night program 
onsisting of candlelighting and prayer. 
During the past year, three have been 
laptized and ten received by letter. 
The indebtedness on the building has 
)een paid off. — Virgil Houser, North 
Jberty, Ind. 

Plymouth — We had our love feast 
in World Communion Sunday. The 
ihildren's workers retreat met at the 
itaff house at Camp Mack. Dr. Vernon 
Ichwalm was the guest speaker while 
lur pastor, Bro. Homer Kiracofe, was 
■onducting a preaching mission at the 
jiew church at Sweetser, Ind. Mr. and 
klrs. Paul Nye gave a talk about their 
iCuropean trip, illustrated with slides. 
!)ur congregation was host to the World 
ilommunity Day observance sponsored 
i)y the United Church Women. Several 
,if our leaders in the children's depart- 
nent attended the district children's 
vorkers conference at Goshen City. 
rhe youth sponsored a twenty-four 
lOur prayer vigil for peace on Nov. 
.1. Larry Weaver, who served for two 
'ears in Nigeria, told about his work 
here. Other guest speakers this past 
luarter have been Dr. John Young, 
llussell Bollinger, dean at Manchester 
'vollege, and Roland Young. Nearly 
iwo hundred members and friends 
loured the new parsonage during the 
jipen house. We have a new electric 
jTgan in the church sanctuary. One of 
he church school classes gave a play 
|or the boys' ward at Westville. The 
liastor gave one of the addresses at 
jhe district study conference at North 
|4anchester. Since the last report four 
lave been received by letter and five 
liave been baptized. Several new inter- 
I St groups have been organized. Among 
;hem are three neighborhood prayer 
!;roups, a sewing group, a creative art 
.roup, a reading group, special decora- 
ions group, lend-a-hand group, and an 
vangelism group. We had a watch 
light party on New Year's Eve, closing 
j/ith a candlelighting service. A new 
EBRUARY 10, 1962 



Fellowship 




^ Sm 



FELLOWSHIP contains articles vital to every church mem- 
ber on peace issues, new thinking on important questions, 
news on capital punishment, and conscientious objection to 
war. FELLOWSHIP is published bimonthly as a 36-page 
magazine and biweekly as a 4-page "Peace Information 
Edition." 



"For Brethren who want to be not merely pacifist but 
informed thinking peacemakers, here is the magazine, the 
best peace publication in the world." — Dale Aukerman, 
outstanding young pacifist and Brethren Service worker in 
Europe. 



"Persons who want to interpret our Brethren historic 
peace position in today's ferment need what FELLOW- 
SHIP ofl^ers. Those desiring to understand in depth 
concepts such as "nonresistance," "nonviolence," "paci- 
fism," "conscientious objection," need to read this publi- 
cation regularly." — A. StaufFer Curry, director of family 
education and men's fellowship. Christian Education 
Commission. 

"I consider FELLOWSHIP the most helpful periodical 
on pacifism published in this country. The depth of its 
treatment of aspects of the pacifist's concern and the 
breadth of its coverage of news on pacifist developments 
in the US are its outstanding qualities. Every Christian 
pacifist or person interested in pacifist developments 
ought to read FELLOWSHIP regularly." - Ralph E. 
Smeltzer, director of peace and social education. Brethren 
Service Commission. 



Our readers interested in subscribing to or securing a sample copy of 
FELLOWSHIP may use the blank below. 

To : Fellowship 
Box 271 
Nyack, New York 

□ Please enter my subscription to FELLOWSHIP. I enclose $3.00 for one 
year (student $2.00). 

□ Please send me a free sample issue of FELLOWSHIP. 




NAME 



STREET 

CITY STATE 

SCHOOL OR COLLEGE, IF STUDENT 



class in church membership was started 
at the beginning of the year. — Mrs. 
Raymond Ullery, Plymouth, Ind. 

Walnut — Since our last report Bro. 
Floyd Leeper showed pictures of the 
trip he took to Europe. Mrs. Paul 
Halladay was another guest speaker 
who shared some of her experiences 
in Europe. Bro. Ralph Retry conducted 
the evangelistic services, which closed 
with a love feast. The laymen had 
charge of the worship on Layman's 
Sunday. At one Sunday morning wor- 
ship we heard a member of the Gideon 
Society. The young people were repre- 
sented at the district conference youth 



night. The young people, under the 
leadership of the pastor, Eldon Evans, 
are active and ready to help carry out 
the program of the church. E. Paul 
Weaver spoke at the harvest meeting 
and homecoming service in October. 
At Thanksgiving time we had a carry-in 
supper and a program. The young 
people took fruit plates to the residents 
of the Marshall County Home. The 
children sang for the residents of the 
nursing home in Argos, and also took 
refreshments for them. The junior de- 
partment brought Christmas gifts for 
the Intermountain Indian School in 
Utah. The women meet twice a month 

31 



MY NEW ADDRESS IS . . . 

Name 



R. D. or St. 



P.O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 



for all day. They visited the Mexico 
Home one afternoon, giving a program 
and remembering each patient with a 
gift. The friendship class was in charge 
of the Christmas program. — Pearl 
Starner, Tippecanoe, Ind. 



Northeastern Ohio 

Cleveland, First — After surrmier va- 
cation we had a special rally day service 
for the whole family. The board of 
Christian education served a teachers' 
recognition dirmer to all board mem- 
bers, Sunday school ofiBcers and teach- 
ers. Reverend and Mrs. Edward Bar- 
tunek of the Euclid Avenue Christian 
church were guests. The pastor, Bro. 
Cletus S. Myers, and Dr. Robert Stew- 
art represented us in a citywide school 
of Christian living. The love feast was 
observed on World Communion Sun- 
day. Grayce Brumbaugh showed pic- 
tures and told about the work in 
Nigeria. A new church building was 
dedicated recently in the Cleveland 
Inter-City Parish, where a number of 
Brethren young people have been serv- 
ing. Special efforts have been made to 
increase the number of subscriptions to 
the Gospel Messenger. We had a fam- 
ily Christmas Sunday, which included 
the morning service, potluck dinner, the 
film. The Life of Christ, in color, and 
a pantomime with scripture and music, 
and a candlelight service. The Brethren 
Beacon, the church paper, has been 
appearing quarterly under the direction 
of Mrs. Robert Stewart. Nancy Olinger 
has been giving informative mission re- 
ports to the church school on the first 
Sunday of each month. Approximately 
fifty young people from the Jewish 
Temple Emanu El took part in a ques- 
tion period and attended our morning 
service. The women of our church 
made nineteen schoolbags, filled them 
with essential needs, clothing, and edu- 
cational tools, and sent them to Latin 
America. The church joined the Cleve- 
land Area Church Federation to save 
our Sunday and make it a day of wor- 
ship and relaxation. — Henry P. Harley, 
Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Maple Grove — We had a Cradle Roll 
membership of sixty-five and an average 

32 



Sunday school attendance of 196 for 
the first quarter of the new year. Since 
our church attendance has been grow- 
ing, we are making plans for building 
in the near future. Ten of our women 
attended the district children's workers 
conference in November. Brother Wal- 
ters of the Mansfield church was the 
evangelist for our meetings. — Mrs. Al- 
ice Way, Ashland, Ohio. 

North Atlantic 

Philadelphia, Germantown — The pas- 
tor, John E. Ebersole, was installed 
prior to the love feast service on Sunday 
evening, Nov. 12. Lester Rosenberger, 
a member of the ministry and evange- 
hsm commission of the district, offici- 
ated and was assisted by the former 
pastor, Donald E. Leiter, who is now 
serving the Paoh fellowship as pastor. 
A number of our members attended the 
Billy Graham meetings, and five the 
district leadership training school. A 



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fund has been provided to place a pul- 
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ory of our former pastor, Benjamin F. 
Waltz, as a recognition of his faithful 
services to the Germantown church and 
the North Atlantic District. — Mrs. Lfr 
one H. Hackman, Philadelphia, Pa. 



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CHURCH of the BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin, Illinois 

GOSPEL MESSENGERI 



Gospel 



MESSENGER 



FEBRUARY 17, 1962 




Three Llona 



GOOD MANNERS IN CHURCH 



Page 14 



Gospel Messenger READERS WRITE . . . to the editoii 

'Thy Kingdom Come" 



The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles anj 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 



KENNETH MORSE Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Rougher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
III, at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 
Ecumenical Press Service 

FEBRUARY 17, 1962 
Volume 111 Number 7 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

What Is Responsible Parenthood? . . 5 
How to "Uncomplicate" Your Life . . 5 

The General Forum — 

We Are Brethren. Carroll M. Petry 

and Richard Eisinger 3 

Another Answer to Question Seven. 

Lauree Hersch 6 

Under the Cloud (verse). Ruth Griggs 8 
The Observer (verse). Geo. L. Ehrman 9 
The Living Church in New India. 

Edward K. Ziegler 10 

Exercise at Night (verse). 

Howard W. Winger 13 

Good Manners in Church 

(picture story) 14 

Thoughts at Dawn. Frances Rolston . 16 
The Paul Nobody Knows. H. A. Brandt 18 
The Walls Must Go. Elmer Q. Gleim . 20 

Reviews of Recent Books 21 

Because You Cared. Mary Ann Kulp . 22 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 17 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 24 

Church News 27 

Our Contributors 

Carroll M. Petry is the pastor of the 
Wabash church, Middle Indiana; his co- 
author, Richard Eisinger, is the pastor 
of the Richvalley Evangehcal United 
Brethren church near Wabash. 

Lauree Hersch, a former Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker in Europe, is 
now working with a German organiza- 
tion in Berhn. 

Howard W. Winger is a resident of 
Park Forest, IlUnois. 

Frances Rolston is with her husband 
in St. Lucia, an island in the West 
Indies, where a Peace Corps unit is lo- 
cated. Wendell Rolston is the director. 

H. A. Brandt, a former managing edi- 
tor of the Gospel Messenger, is now 
living at La Verne, California. 



Not Based on Selfishness 

As I read in the Dec. 9 issue, the 
letter entitled "Based on Selfishness," 
I was reminded how we as finite 
humans are so prone to judge the acts 
of the infinite God by our own in- 
sights and ways of thinking, and how 
we try to fit them into our own mold 
of reasoning and ethics. . . . 

God loved man so much, that to 
save man from his lost estate of sin 
and death he ordained his marvelous 
plan of redemption, wherein he gave 
his Son through whose righteousness, 
eternal life was restored to man. . . . 

We do not earn our salvation. It 
is the gift of God, through Christ. 
"He was wounded for our transgres- 
sions. He was bruised for our iniqui- 
ties." "And with his stripes we are 
healed." 

Missionaries are called and sent 
out by the church and they willingly 
give theii- lives in service, in response 
to the great commission of Jesus: "Go 
into all the world, make disciples . . . 
baptize . . . teach all nations." This 
is not to gain satisfaction for them- 
selves, but to heed the call of Christ. 
And because some people are satis- 
fied with their ways, this is no assur- 
ance of eternal life or of a good life 
here. And many peoples are longing 
for a better life. 

Dr. Charles MalOc of Lebanon, 
who is noted for having an under- 
standing of the ideological struggle 
in the world, as few other men of 
our day, has this to say, "The great- 
est thing to come out of America has 
been the American missionary effort. 
The quiet selfless men and women, 
who left the comfort and security of 
their homeland to bring the gospel of 
Christianity to less favored nations 
. . . have been more effective ambas- 
sadors than any of the money men 
or agricultural experts or industrial 
technicians." 

Jesus suffered many hardships, re- 
buffs and insults and finally death 
because he proclaimed the truth. He 
told his disciples that they would 
suffer. Paul wrote Timothy: "Indeed 
all who desire to live a godly life will 
be persecuted." 

If God's motive was selfish, if 
Jesus Christ the Son, who reflects in 
himself the glory of God, gave him- 
self as a means to get glory and 
prominence, if missionaries and all 
Christians endure hardships and even 
death to heed the call of God and 



tq witness for Christ for the salvatio | 
of others, if they do this only to get 
name and reward, if these are ncl 
examples of the noblest unselfishnesi 
selflessness, where, in all the worl| 
and all history, will you find thosj 
who are not selfish? — William il 
Sanger, Cordova, Md. 

Timely Articles 

My sentiment was so beautifull 
expressed by Inez Long in her art 
cle on The Word Alive (Jan. 20; 
Jesus had a cross during the years cj 
his ministry here on earth. What waj 
it but his new revelation against th 
worldly wisdom of his day? What i 
the Christian's cross today but hi 
faith that stands in humble servic 
to an unbelieving world? 

Robert Mock's article, "God 1 
Speaking: Listen" (Jan. 13), came 
heavy weight. — Mrs. Paul Kidwel 
McPherson, Kansas. 

i 

One Way God Works 

May I sum up my thinking abou 
one's refusal to pay tax money to ou 
government for the support of the bi; 
military build-up (one half to thre 
fourths of the total of one's incom 
taxes assessed)? 

Men bearing arms were the essen 
tial part of a war machine in all his 
tory up to within a few years agcj 
But recently money has becom 
the essential in plans using guidei 
missiles, etc. ' 

The government came to recog; 
nize the consciences of men wh 
were unwilling to bear arms to tak 
life only after some fearless ones wer 
willing to defy the government am 
accept imprisonment to prove thei 
convictions. These men caused ou 
laws to be changed. What had bee: 
considered wrong came to be recog 
nized as right. For similar reasons i 
can hardly be expected that our gov 
ernment will change its laws to ex 
empt money (allow it to be heli 
back) without being morally forca 
to do so by conscientious objectoi 
being willing to bear the conse 
quences — probably imprisonment. 

History, both Biblical and seculai 
has borne out this general principl 
— at critical times governments musj 
be disobeyed if truth is to be vindi 
cated and right standards more gen 
erally accepted. This is one way tha 
God works in history. — O. E. Gib 
son, 214 N. Wilnette, Westmont, H 
GOSPEL MESSENGEl 




WE ARE 
BRETHREN 



,)y Carroll M. Petry and Richard Eisinger 



When each person felt ready, by himself or with 
another, he went and knelt at the altar rail to 
receive the bread and the cup from the minister 



Kneeling in humility the communicants washed 
one another's feet while familiar hymns were sung 




T ALL started in Wabash, Indiana, when a 
^ Church of the Brethren pastor was instructed 
\y his ministry and worship commission to try 
3 arrange for several union services with anoth- 
r church of the community during Holy Week. 
iJpon checking, the pastor found that most 
earby churches had already made plans for 
hat week. However, the Richvalley church, 
Ivangelical United Brethren, just seven miles 
/est of town, also was looking for something a 
ttle different, and since the pastors were good 
fiends, the news crossed. 

In preliminary conversations Pastor Petry 
If the Church of the Brethren and Pastor 
lisinger of the EUB church shared with one 
nother what they would like to see happen, 
hey soon decided that a full Holy Week em- 
hasis was both needed and necessary, so they 
3t to work quite enthusiastically. As the people 
f both churches heard about it they, too, looked 
dth anticipation toward this new experience. 

The two pastors met several times for plan- 
ing sessions. One of them took responsibilities 

BRUARY 17, 1962 



for publicity so that the community would be 
made aware of this ecumenical undertaking. 
The other consented to take the extra preaching 
assignment. Well before the week began stories 
had appeared in the local paper and been heard 
on the local radio station. 

Both pastors emphasized the coming meet- 
ings by featuring them in their church news- 
letters. ^ Choirs and musicians were approached 
about special music during the week. Helpers 
for the children's stories were secured. A theme 
was chosen, scriptures were selected, and ser- 
mon topics agreed upon. Slides for worship 
meditation and filmstrips for the children were 
reserved. 

Thus the following well-received program 
was presented. 

On Palm Sunday evening the Church of the 
Brethren drama club presented the play, As 
Easter Dawns, from which the entire week's ac- 
tivities took their theme. A fellowship hour 
followed the play in order for members of both 
churches to get acquainted. Two hundred people 



attended. Each congregation had been told by 
its pastor that morning: "This will be an op- 
portunity to make new Christian friends. Don't 
use it to chat with someone you've known for 
twenty years!" Evidently the advice was fol- 
lowed. 

On Monday evening the scene shifted to 
the EUB church. Its pastor directed the wor- 
ship, which included the meditation slide of 
the lost sheep, an interpretation of the picture, 
the singing of hymns, the filmstrip. Caterpillar's 
Journey, an anthem by the home choir, and the 
message by the visiting pastor. As Easter Dawns, 
It Brings Peace. 

On Tuesday evening the service was held 
in the Church of the Brethren with its pastor 
leading in the worship which included the 
slide, Salhnan's Head of Christ, and the interpre- 
tation, the filmstrip, Easter in the Family, an 
anthem by the choir, and the message by the 
visiting pastor. As Easter Dawns, It Brings Vic- 
tory. 

On Wednesday evening the final preaching 
service was held at the EUB church. It included 
the slide, Christ in Gethsemane, its interpreta- 
tion, the filmstrip, Babu and the Easter Fair, an 
anthem sung by the combined choirs of the 
churches, and the final message by the visiting 
pastor, As Easter Dawns, It Brings Faith. 

If the congregations had anticipated these 
joint services with enthusiasm, the enthusiasm 
was even more evident when it came time for 
the communion services, for the churches had 
decided to share one another's communion ex- 
periences. 

On Maundy Thursday evening holy com- 
munion was given at the Richvalley EUB 
church with its pastor presiding. Total attend- 
ance was one hundred with members of both 
churches participating. It was a meditation-type 




communion. Each person upon entering was 
given a worship folder which served as a devo- 
tional guide for the service. Using the hymnal 
as a resource for poetry and scripture as well 
as prayer, each person took time to make prepa- 
ration for the holy experience. 

When preparation had been made and the 
person felt ready, he, by himself or with an- 
other, would go and kneel at the altar rail. 
Reverently and inspiringly the ofiiciatuig pastor 
offered the bread and the cup to the communi- 
cants, who, after partaking, returned to their 
seats for further meditation or quietly left the 
sanctuary. 

Then on Saturday evening the Brethren love 
feast service was held in that church. Again 
members of both churches shared in the service 
of guided preparation in the sanctuary and 
candlelight communion in the fellowship hall. 
Kneeling in humility they washed one another's 
feet while the strains of familiar hymns were 
being sung. After the feetwashing, the holy 
kiss and a firm, "God Bless You," were exchanged 
by the men in one room and the women in an^ 
other. 

Returning to the long tables where they 
were seated in family groups or with close 
friends, they shared the meal of fellowship 
symbohc of their closeness in Christ. It is tra- 
ditionally a simple meal — in this case, sand- 
wiches. After the meal of fellowship came the 
breaking and eating of the bread (unleavened), 
and the partaking of the cup. A hymn of devo- 
tion was sung and the communicants left the 
room in silence. 

A city church and a country church ol 
different denominations expressed by this weel 
of joint meetings the true nature of the church 
of Jesus Christ who prayed, ". . . that they all 
may be one." Each other's ways were accepted 
and appreciated, developing a wonderful spirit 
of unity. 

Any evaluation of this experience would 
have to include the new friendships that blos- 
somed between the members of the churches 
the awareness of the fact that Christians reall) 
have more likenesses than differences, and the 
crowning glory of the week as climaxed in the 
communion services. 

Perhaps direct quotes would sum up ou) 
contention that more Christians ought to have 
such ecumenical experiences. They are fron 
folks of both denominations who shared in the 



communions. 



The two pastors, Carroll Petry (left) and Richard 
Eisinger, met several times for plamiing sessions 



Said many of the Church of the Brethrer 
people about the communion at the EUI 

Continued on page 9 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 



w 



^hat Is Responsible Parenthood? 



EDITORIALS 



rHE future of our planet is in danger. 
There will eventually be too many people. 
Dciologists, editorial writers, preachers, and 
atisticians generally agree that overpopulation 
lay soon be as great a threat to world stability 
; revolution and poverty are now. 

They make their points e£Fectively. It is 
ird to argue with projected population statis- 
cs that sound ominous. Some of us whose 
imilies are a little larger than the national 
v^erage are made to feel just a little guilty 
hen we hear such dire predictions about an 
v^ercrowded world. But we still love our chil- 
ren — and we are inclined to ask if statistics 
re the only way to measure responsible parent- 
bod. 

We agree with the concerns that have 
een expressed. We beheve the church can 
sip to define the Christian attitude toward 
miting families. But we wonder also if we 
lould not give far more attention to what is 
Lvolved in responsible parenthood. It surely 
not sufficient to distribute information that 
iiight help to lower the number of births. It is 
jir more important to make sure that every 
jiild, whether he is the only one in a family 
r whether he has six brothers and sisters, is 
anted and that he is loved. 



The parents who are so intent upon achiev- 
ing success or fulfilling their own careers that 
they can have only one or two children — and 
then can give them only a marginal share of 
their time — may be far more irresponsible 
than the parents of several children who give 
them the love and security that each individual 
needs. 

It would be interesting to know whether the 
children who are most emotionally disturbed, 
who most often cause trouble for teachers and 
social workers, whose problems contribute most 
to the general burden of society, come from 
large famihes where they are denied certain 
privileges or whether they come from smaller 
family units where they are unwanted and ig- 
nored. In any case, it is surely not the size of 
the family as much as the attitude of the 
parents that counts. 

The census takers may have helped us to 
see the scope of our problem. But their statisti- 
cal measurements do not necessarily determine 
the best answer. Christian family education, 
developed around the concept of parents who 
feel responsible to God as partners in the cre- 
ative process, may have something more im- 
portant to say about responsible parenthood. 



— K.M. 



low to ^^Uncomplicate" Your Life 



IF YOU are tired of winter, tired of working, 

I. if you feel all tied up in knots, the travel 
|)lder will appeal to you. It shows a lazy, 
imny scene, somewhere in southern Europe, 
nd it invites you to go where you can "un- 
3mpHcate" your life. 

You may not find the word in Webster, but 
jou get the idea. What you need, you tell 
ipurself, is a vacation from all the responsi- 
jilities that tie up your hours, from the stresses 
,iid strains that twist your muscles and torture 
our spirit. You need to be untangled, released, 
nraveled, relaxed — or, in the made-up word 
I the tourist agency, why not "uncomplicate" 
our life? 

Many a person, caught in the clutter of 
lodem living, longs for the simple life. If he 

as hardy as Thoreau, he will achieve it by 
rict adherence to principle and by living as 
n individual on the shores of Walden Pond. Or, 
t the other extreme, if one has no principles at 

II, he may find release as a beachcombing loafer 
'ho ignores all responsibility. 

SBRUARY 17, 1962 



But few of us find simplicity so easily. If 
we follow the travel agency's advice and run 
away from it all, we soon discover how mis- 
leading the invitations are. For the tourist takes 
his old complicated self right with him — and 
he is just as worried a bundle of anxieties away 
from home as he ever was there. The simplifi- 
cation of life must begin from within. The 
setting is unimportant. A man with single- 
minded commitment to a worthy cause can 
find serenity wherever he lives because he gives 
primacy to the kingdom of God, and having put 
it in first place he is not much concerned about 
all the details. 

To be honest, life will never be simple for 
active persons participating in a highly complex 
civilization. But it can be simplified by a single- 
ness of purpose that puts God at the center of 
every endeavor. And many of our nei'vous ten- 
sions could be eased and our twisted muscles 
relaxed if we trusted ourselves to the guidance 
of God's Holy Spirit. Let Jesus Christ "un- 
complicate" your life. — k.m. 



ANOTHER ANSWER 






Some believe that Christ is Lord 
even in a Communist land 

by Lauree Hersch 

Photo by Religious News Service 



M 



OVIES like Question 7 and many news releases call our 
attention to the threats of communism. We are tempted to be- 
lieve that Christians cannot love under this sort of rule, and we 
wonder if those who decide to remain behind the iron curtain 
can be faithful Christians. 

Imagine how it would be if a line were suddenly drawn 
between the Central and Southeastern regions of the United 
States, and the eastern coast were communist while Washington, 
also divided, belonged half to each part of the U.S. Then the 
Church of the Brethren would experience something of the 
painful situation of the German people. 

Those employed in government service would likely still be 
in their old posts, but now working for governments with differ- 
ent aims. Some would continue with the "eastern" government 
because they needed some source of income and already had 
experience in this type of work even if they did not agree with 
the principles used. The church would rapidly establish head- 
quarters in the eastern part of Washington in addition to Elgin, so 
that we could remain in close touch with our eastern counter- 
part. 

This is something of the situation of the organization with 
which I work in West Germany. Our steady contact with those 





in the East has given me many 
opportunities to visit and talk 
with them. I have seen that 
many Christians consider care- 
fully and then make the choice 
to remain in East Germany be- 
cause they are Christians, not 
because they are Communists. 
You ought to meet some of 
these folks. 

A year ago one lady told me 
at our semiannual meeting of 
the East and West staff mem- 
bers (this was the last one), 
"We understand it when people 
flee from our country to West 
Germany because they cannot 
take the strain, the tension, and 
the pressure, because they 
physically or emotionally are 
not strong enough. We are 
able to help them when they, 
under these conditions, say they 
must leave. But when they say 
it is God's will that they go 
where they can worship freely 
and live without force, we do 
not understand and are not able 
to help them go. 

"If God cannot live in the 
communist world, he is defeat- 
ed. We worship him who is 
Lord over all, also over commu- 
nism. If he is powerless in com- 
munism, he is not Lord, and our 
faith is in vain. Our question 
is not how to flee communism 
but how to withstand it. If you 
would help us, support us and 
learn to understand us but do 
not tempt us to leave the fight 
to further prove what the Com- 
munists seek to tell us: that 
there is no living God who 
holds us and guides and 
strengthens us in our daily 
lives." 

When the wall went up in 
East Berlin, a number of East 
Germans were in West Ger- 
many (legally) on vacation. A 
Christian publisher had to de- 
cide if he would return or stay. 
He would have been more 
fortunate than most refugees. 
His family were all together 
even if they had no other pos- 



BRUARY 17, 1962 



sessions with them than some 
clothing. He was well-trained 
and could get a job at the drop 
of a hat. If he went back, his 
children would likely never get 
out to study or visit Western 
countries, they would be in- 
fluenced away from his wife 
and their beliefs, and they 
might be swayed to commu- 
nism. He did not know how 
long he would be free to run 
the publishing house. He 
would return to total uncer- 
tainty. 

But he said, "If I do not go 
back, there will be no one to 
do my job. The others who 
could have done it have already 
gone to the West. If I do not 
go back, there will be no possi- 
bility for a printed Christian 
voice in East Germany. Though 
I do not know how long I will 
be able to continue or what to 
expect in the long run, I can do 
no other than return." And his 
wife, who agreed with him, ac- 
companied him and their chil- 
dren back across the border on 
the last day of their vacation. 

Our headquarters in East 
Berlin were right on the border. 
You may have seen a picture 
in the papers of a church be- 
hind a wall, a church whose 
only entrance had been in West 
Berlin although the church and 
lot were in East Berlin. Ninety- 
five per cent of the congrega- 
tion lived in the West and the 
pastor lived in the East. Before 
the division of Berlin this was 
a normal parish. Even after the 
division it operated well. 

After the wall was up, the 
pastor could not get to his 
people and his people could not 
get to their church. This 
church, interestingly enough 
named Versohnungskirche 
( Church of Reconciliation ) , 
stood on the same lot as our 
headquarters in the East. Im- 
mediately after East Berlin was 
closed, there was no wall be- 
fore this church. The walls 



UNDER THE CLOUD 

RUTH GRIGGS 

Almost paralyzing . . . this fear cloud, 
atomic war, 
fallout, 
genetic mutations. 

Where is hope enough 
to raise children? 
work for peace? 
fight for what ought to be? 

Must life be long to be significant? 

Is one day less important tlian fifty years? 

Soul, cherish each day's gifts . . . 
the chubby leg of sleeping child, 
eager eyes of waking minds, 
flower cups lifted to catch, morning . . . 

Every precious thing dearer. 
Each opportunity more urgent 
under the cloud. 



I 



t 



i 



came up about a week later in 
the detailed process of shutting 
off the East. 

Our sixty students and about 
that many staff members and 
workers who lived and worked 
there had to go off the property 
to mail letters, to buy any- 
thing in town, etc. The only 
entrance and exit to the prop- 
erty was onto the West Berlin 
sidewalk until the wall went up 
(at which time a hole was 
made into and through the 
graveyard behind to permit 
entry and exit only through the 
East), and our people had oflB- 
cial permission to cross through 
West Berlin to get to the East. 

Every day they had to go 
out, day and night, they were 
tempted to flee into the West. 
They were training for full- 
time Christian service; they had 
already learned another voca- 
tion so they would be able to 
earn another living when the 



church could no longer supper 
them financially. In the Wes 
they would have had a white 
collar job in the church and i 
good reputation; to remaii 
meant to belong to a grouj 
which was not popular and t( 
have to earn a poor living evei 
to serve there. 

All they had to do was wall 
across the street and into 
home — just across the street 
— and they would have beei 
"free," out of reach of th( 
police. But none of the stu 
dents or workers did this. Thej 
chose to stay. This was thei 
home and their place of service 
they did not feel that the diffi 
culty of the coming or presen 
life could justify their leaving, i 

When the wall went up, the} 
said it was something of a re 
lief no longer to be temptec 
day and night. But it was pain 
ful to see this visible sign o 
separation, this symbol of fea- 

GOSPEL MESSENGH 



ind hate over which only the 
inity of men in Christ can leap, 
'vith even this being questioned 
everely by many in the West, 
irother could not understand 
he way brother (literally, not 
nly "brothers in the Spirit") 
ad come to be and think. 

One of the girls told me that 
er mother was a member of 
be Communist party although 

Christian. I asked her how 
he could reconcile this. "It is 
ot easy," she said. "I am not 
itrong enough to do it, but my 
iiother is. She knows what she 
telieves and sticks to it. When 
he is given an order to carry 
ut which conflicts with her be- 
ig a Christian, she refuses, 
iven though she cannot know 
Inhere this will lead. Of course, 
,'e are all sure where it will 
\ entually lead, but this is part 
f the courage and maturity 
.'hich is necessary; she has to 
•e willing to take whatever 
tonsequences come. 

"Usually her refusal to co- 
iperate is respected, but when 
jhe orders to collectivize the 
arms came, she said she could 
lot tell the villagers this and 
iefused to carry out the order, 
i'he received the answer that 
he had to do it; they would 
jiot accept 'No' for an answer 
his time. She replied that she 
lid not believe in it and could 
jiot declare a thing she did not 
jupport. 'You are not preach- 
pg a sermon or making a 
leclaration of faith,' they an- 
Iwered, 'but only carrying out 

decree.' 'And what if they ask 
ae what I think about it?' she 
sked. 'That has nothing to do 
i^ith your business,' came the 
eply. So mother went out and 
old the folks what the decree 
wsis and when they asked her 
yhat she thought, she said she 
lid not believe it was good but 
new they would do everything 
enforce it." 

Questions came to my mind, 
>ut 1 did not ask them, for I 

EBRUARY 17. 1962 



had by now begun to know that 
these people hve with a fact 
which we fear but do not 
know. They must make deci- 
sions which we do not face. 

A man in a position of respon- 
sibility and training within the 
East German Church summed 
this up, "We are not Commu- 
nists but this is the govern- 
ment in which and under which 
we live. The question is not 
how we like it, but how we 
shall live with it; not how to 
escape or even defeat it, but 
how to remain true to Christ 
and understand the meaning 
and demands of Christianity 
within it. 

"You in the West do not seem 
able to grasp that our decision 
is not if, but how to live under 
a Communist government. Our 
situation is different from yours; 
whether we like it or not is 
beside the point. We must 
make our decisions differently 
from yours; we must remind 
you that the Christian life is 
not a code of living but a re- 
lationship to God, that you and 
we will have to do some things 
in responsible relationship to 
Christ which will not be under- 
stood by each other, but we 
must remain in conversation 
with and trust one another. We 



The Observer 

GEO. L. EHRMAN 

I watched a maple seed set sail 
And fly across a little wood. 
And wondered if it would alight 
In fertile soil, so moist and good. 
Where maple trees could sturdy 

grow 
To shade the grass and brave the 

snow . . . 

I listened as a teacher taught 
Some boys and girls in iunior class 
And marveled as the seeds of truth 
Were set in flight for lad and 

lass — 
And prayed the seeds would lodge 

and start 
A sturdy growth in every heaii! 



must support and uplift one an- 
other rather than to suspect and 
criticize. 

"We must ask if, on two sides 
of a political wall, we are more 
aware of our unity in Christ or 
of our disunity govemmentally, 
whether we take more seriously 
our membership in Christ or our 
citizenship as East and West 
Germans, or perhaps also citi- 
zens of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., etc. 
You wonder if we in East Ger- 
many will remain Christian. 
We can only say that this is 
our faith. We confess that we 
feel the need of praying for you 
in your temptations as much as 
we beg you to pray for us. 

"Finally, we can do no more 
than look to God and trust that 
he will bring us together de- 
spite all our differences and 
separation from without and 
within. Do not forget that we 
have chosen Christ as Lord, 
that we will continue meeting 
together for strength and guid- 
ance, to serve and worship and 
confess God as Lord. If our 
next church is a prison, we are 
consoled to know that we will 
not be the first Christians whom 
God led there." 



We Are Brethren 

Continued from page 4 

church, "It was so much more 
personal than anything we have 
ever felt before." 

Said an EUB teen-ager, as 
well as several others, in refer- 
ence to the Brethren love feast 
and specifically concerning the 
feet-washing experience, "I 
have never felt cleaner in my 
hfe." 

Said the pastors, "It was good 
that we could share. May it 
happen again." And our heaii;- 
felt prayer is that other congre- 
gations will sometime attempt 
something hke this experiment 
for the sake of Jesus Christ who 
would unite us all under his 
leadership, for we are Brethren! 




Edward Ziegler 
The hope of the future church 



The 

Living 

Church 

in 

New 
India 



by Edward K. Ziegler 



BEFORE the World Council 
of Churches Assembly at 
New Delhi, I had the great 
privilege of spending nineteen 
busy and wonderful days on a 
mission to the congregations of 
the Brethren in India. This mis- 
sion of encouragement and help 
fulfilled in part a long-standing 
dream of returning to visit 
the churches among whom I 
worked as a missionary in the 
nineteen-thirties. 

A journey to India today by 
jet plane is so swift that there 
is little time for the leisurely 
preparation and thorough study 
which is afforded by an ocean 
voyage. Twenty hours of fly- 
ing time from Washington to 
Bombay leaves one breathless, 
and indeed unsure whether his 
spirit could catch up with him! 

In the visit to Western India, 
it was my privilege to visit 
more than twenty churches and 
many rural centers, to spend a 
full day in a youth camp, to 
share in a two-and-a-half-day 
retreat for pastors and evan- 
gelists, and to visit the Gujarat 
United School of Theology at 
Ahmedabad. I spoke some 
forty times in the Gujarati lan- 
guage, and had rewarding fel- 
lowship with most of our 
missionary staff and many of 
our Indian Christian leaders. 

It was a moving and heart- 
warming experience to return 
after nearly twenty-three years' 
absence from India and to see 
the vast changes in India, and 
the progress of the church. The 
welcome afforded an old friend, 
punctuated by the garlands, 
banquets, welcome songs, and 
the ubiquitous cups of tea, 
was really overwhelming. 

THE MISSION AND THE CHURCH 

A notable advance in our 
area in India is in the relation- 
ship of mission and church. Our 
mission in India began in 1895, 
with the pioneer work of Wil- 
bur and Mary Stover and 



10 



Bertha Ryan. The greatesi 
number of missionaries at worl 
in India was in the 1920's. Fo] 
a generation now, the numbej 
of missionaries has decreased 
In part this has been due to the 
assumption of leadership anc 
responsibility by Indian Chris 
tians, in part to the restrictions 
on the entry of new missionaries 
by the Indian government, ir 
part to the policy of the Genera! 
Brotherhood Board to assigr 
greater priority to other fields 
where there is fresh and urgeni 
opportunity, such as in Nigeria 

There is continuing need 
however, for certain types ol 
missionaries in India. The) 
must be persons who have spe 
cial skills needed by the Indian 
Church in its program today 
We no longer may consider the 
Indian Church an infant or ever 
an adolescent daughter church 
Now we must think of each 
other as partners in obedience 
to our Lord and in mission 
This partnership idea is certain' 
ly the guiding principle in al 
the work done now by oui 
representatives in India. The 
relationship they maintain wit! 
the Indian Church and theii 
Indian colleagues is one o] 
mutual respect, trust, anc 
sharing of responsibility anc 
burdens. 

There are, in my judgment- 
certain areas of continuing neeC 
for missionary personnel. The 
church needs wise and con- 
tinuing guidance in the whole 
area of evangelism and churcl: 
extension. We do not think i\ 
strange when a district ir 
America needs such help. Noi 
do we deem it failure if a small 
district faced with large oppor- 
tunities needs continued finan- 
cial aid. Consider then the faci 
that the Church of the Brethren 
in India, made up chiefly ol 
small farmers and with a memi 
bership of about 9,000, is set in 
the midst of a population oJ 
about two million persons, foi 

GOSPEL MESSENGEE 



horn our church has sole re- 
ponsibihty. By any criterion 
f mission, this constitutes a 
lajor challenge. The church 
^ants and needs our continued 
'elp in evangelizing this large 
rea. 

It is significant that by Sep- 
?mber of this year, the Indian 
Ihurch will have assumed full 
ipport of all its pastors. This 
: no small accomplishment and 
' a long step toward full self- 
jipport. The next long step is 
\ carrying responsibility for 
le evangelistic outreach, and 

is here that they will need our 
Dntinuing partnership. There 
re in the Brethren area in 
idia places of rapid industri- 
lization and social change. To 
nter these places with a vital 
Christian program will require 
ar helping the Indian Church. 

Another significant area of 
leed is in the training of lead- 
Irs. While we have a number 
jf devout and competent pas- 
brs, we have not one B.D. 
bined Indian pastor. The 
IJujarat United School of The- 
logy is an institution of college 
;vel rather than a graduate 
:hool of theology. For many 
;ears to come, the great majori- 
/ of pastors for all churches in 
lujarat will be the graduates 
!f this school. We need to be 
jontinuing partners in provid- 
hg staff and guidance for the 
bhool. Right now, there is ur- 
ent need for a strong mission- 
ry professor from the Church 
f the Brethren at this strategic 
est. Also, we should in the 
ext few years assist in bring- 
ig at least three or four of our 
:rongest young Indian leaders 
) the B.D. level of training. 

Other areas of significant 
artnership with the church in 
India are in a creative Christian 
pproach to rural life, as ex- 
mplified by the program of the 
lural Service Center at Ankles- 
ar. Perhaps nowhere in India 
an be found so creative and 

EBRUARY 17, 1962 



far-reaching an approach to 
lifting the whole level of the 
life of the people as here. The 
teamwork of the staff is a not- 
able demonstration of real 
Christian partnership in mis- 
sion. The many-splendored ap- 
proach to the improvement of 
rural life through agricultural 
extension work, public health, 
literacy, and on-the-spot con- 
tinuing Christian guidance, has 
made the Rural Service Center 
one of the most esteemed Chris- 
tian projects in all India. 

Still another area of need for 
partnership is in helping the 
churches to develop adequate 
lay leadership in all the places 
where Christians live, to carry 
on a continuing and effective 
ministry of the Word and sacra- 
ments and religious instruction 
under the guidance of the full- 
time pastors. The "traveling 
Bible school," which is in its 
first year of ministry, has great 
possibilities. It is directed by 
Glen Campbell and Mr. and 
Mrs. Benjamin Jani. 

Here, too, is an area where 
our continued partnership is 
needed and welcomed. A re- 
turn to a wide use of the "free" 
ministry may be a creative re- 
sult of this program. This will 
not and should not supplant 
the ministry of the pastors, but 
will provide a very important 
and needed extension of their 
service. 

THE STATE OF THE INDIAN 
CHURCH 

The Church of the Brethren 
in India has some obvious 
weaknesses and equally obvious 
points of strength. An ob- 
servant visitor, having as I have 
the ability to converse with the 
people in their own language, 
could not fail to note these. 

The church today is not 
growing rapidly in numbers. 
In part this is due to lack of 
evangelistic zeal; in part it is 
due to the resurgence of mih- 



tant Hinduism. It is often 
costly to become or remain 
Christian, for in many areas 
there is discrimination against 
Christians in awarding jobs 
and in economic matters. The 
church has been struggling to 
be ready to assume full support 
of the pastoral program and in 
this has lost some of its concern 
for outreach. 





-i 

\ 



\ 



It is often costly to become a 
Christian in the India of today 



11 




Earl Zigler 

Pastors and Evangelists Committee of the First District of India at the Stewardship Institute 



The church has not learned 
adequately the joys of responsi- 
ble Christian stewardship. Yet 
this criticism comes ill from us 
whose stewardship in America 
falls so far below our capacity. 
But there has been progress, 
especially in the past year. 
The Ahwa church, in our most 
remote and primitive area, is 
setting a shining example of 
joyous stewardship. There is 
now a vigorous program of 
stewardship education which is 
most promising. 

On the positive side I would 
note three very encouraging 
signs in the church. ( 1 ) There 
is now an excellent group of 
devout, intelligent, competent 
pastors in the Indian Church. 
There are five or six of these 
men, at least, who would equal 
the five or six best pastors in 
any of our large districts in 
America in their ability, spirit, 
and spiritual stature. To be 
sure, there are not enough of 
such men. Hence, the concern 
I expressed above for our con- 
tinuing help in training pastors 
and leaders for the Indian 
Church. But we may well 
thank God for these dedicated 
men and continually remember 
them in our prayers. 

(2) To me one of the most 
encouraging signs was the large 
number of Christian laymen in 
the fields of teaching, nursing, 
governmental services, and in 
such areas as cooperative soci- 

12 



eties and local self-government. 
I met hundreds of these young 
people. Many of them were 
village children during my term 
of service. Now they are re- 
spected, responsible, creative 
Christians, many of them mak- 
ing a resolute Christian witness 
in communities where there is 
no professional church leader- 
ship. While some have for- 
saken church loyalties under 
the pressure of a pagan society, 
there are many others whose 



witness is effective and cours 
geous. 

(3) There is in the India; 
Church, and in the nation a 
a whole, a certain wholesom 
proud independence of spirii 
While there is often some dis 
illusionment because of th 
venality of some pubhc official 
and the slowness of progress, o: 
the whole, Indians are proud o 
their country, of the far-reach 
ing plans for improvement, o 

Continued on page 16 




Holderreed 

One of the village workers with the Rural Service Center brings to 
Dr. Leonard Blickenstaff (right) a patient with a more serious illness 

GOSPEL MESSENGBJ 




EXERCISE 

AT 

NIGHT 



by Howard W. Winger 

Beside still waters once we walked upright 
And in green pastures we increased our flocks. 
Remembering what was taught in Moriah, 
We used our shepherds' crooks to smite the wolves 
And unafraid made music in the night. 

Oh, days and nights of truce when we have built 

With post and lintel, dome, and pointed arch, 

Those studies wherein late by candlelight 

We mapped discoveries to the end of time 

And thinking on the living head of God 

We found the words of life and made them fly 

On metal wings to every cottage door! 

Then came recurrent sunset, red on black, 
As blood streamed on the ancient altar stone! 
We all went back into the woods again 
To fill a fearful night with furtive sounds 
Where leaf mould crumbled in the sunken road 
And rocks played tunes on raw civilian knees 
While we with weary weapon-weighted hands 
Crept through dark thickets looking for the hght. 

Wolf at the door and shepherd far from home! 
Through battered arches where the battle bloomed 
At night, we saw a fierce false sun arise 
Above Hiroshima, projecting on 
The screen of generations yet unborn 
Mutated shadows of our bootless spears. 

We are no shepherds more in manly pride — 
We are the sheep and we are lost beside. 
Who fainting in a desert we have made 
Cry out again for rock-of-ages shade. 



Good Shepherd, come! And he our certain guide. 



13 



Good Manners in Church 



► Ninety-nine out of one hundred churchgoers 
need no primer to instruct them in church etiquette. 
But everyone occasionally falls from a high stand- 
ard. Here is a look at the most common faults of 
the churchgoer who forgets at times he is in the 
house of God. Most of the breaches are in location, 
not in kind, that is, they are merely acts which are 
out of place in church. 

The assumption is erroneously made that adults 



are infallible in their church attendance, that they | 
behave as might be expected of them. The number | 
of transgressing adults hints at a more thorough 
education in church etiquette for the younger 
members of the congregation. 

In the accompanying picture the young people's 
group of a New Jersey chtirch indicate some com- 
mon breaches of good manners that might be 
avoided. 



Photos by Three Lions 



Old friends who have 
not seen each other since 
the day before carry on a 
whispering campaign 
across the aisle to the 
distress of the persons in 
the immediate vicinity 

14 





This is no time for making later appointments 



He came late and slid into his seat without taking 
off his coat. Becoming warm as time passed, he 
decided to take it off; in the process he poked and 
stroked until he had thoroughly jarred his neighbors 





Maybe she needs it, maybe she does not, but the 
right place to apply it is at home, not in church 



A late date the night before calls for a nap during 
the sermon to the amusement of those around him 







B In the early morning dark- 
ness the httle hght on the 
point flickered out to sea and 
then across to the harbor. The 
hghts on a few small sailboats 
and the stars above were the 
only other lights. As the mo- 
ments passed, the night gave 
way to dark blue gray clouds. 
The sunrise brought with it 
pale blue and lovely shades of 
coral. The leaves of the bread- 
fruit tree moved gently and the 
top of the palm waved in the 
breeze. There was no sound, 
excepting the tree frogs. All 
seemed to be quiet. 

But within my soul and mind 
there was no quiet. There was 
little peace. I looked to the 
heavens to pray. The church 
bell chimed; it was half past 
five. I thought of the faithful 
who entered its sanctuary and 
I thought of the white statues 
in a West Indian land. 

I thought also of class and 
color and oppression. I thought 
of the wealth of a few and the 
poverty of many. I thought of 
the misery of other men who 
had been slaves and of their 
records of endurance under the 
lash. I glanced out over the 



16 




■ 



Religious News Service 



sea and was reminded of other 
downtrodden people of this 
earth. 

The day now broke forth in 
all its color. There were the 
sounds of people. Girls were 
going to town to sweep the 
streets. Men were leaving to 
work on the estates. Workmen 
were on their way to repair the 
roads. Life was on the move. 



Men were attempting to im- 
prove the meager standard that 
had been their inheritance. 
How cruel society had been! 

But was it too late for man to 
make amends? Could he be- 
come reconciled to his God and 
his brother? The Httle children " 
that we saw daily never failed 
to respond to a friendly greet- 
ing. Adults with questioning 
eyes, whose ancestors had 
been on the auction block, re- 
turned in full measure the re- 
spect shown to them. Had not 
the man in the literacy class 
said with intense feeling, "Here 
you sit at a table with me." 
Why should I not sit there? 

Oh, when will creed become 
deed? When will the church 
catch the vision of a greater out- 
reach? When will love build 
for brotherhood? 

The church bells in town 
again were ringing. I rose to 
go, meditating on the lines of 
a West Indian poet: 
"For there is promise in all 

human pain. 
There is morning in all human 

night 
And life and birth and beauty 

beyond death." 



I 
.a 



k 



i 



A Living Church 

Continued from page 12 , 

their status as a free people. The 
Indian Christians I have met 
share this pride. They believe 
the church of Christ has a place 
in India. They know that at cer- 
tain times and places they may 
be persecuted or encounter dis- 
crimination because they are 
Christians. But they are stand- 
ing much taller and assuming 
responsibility as Christian citi- 
zens to a far greater extent than 
was visible before independ- 
ence. 

We cannot foresee the future 
for India. The church there is 
set in an area of vast and rapid 
change. There is tremendous 



tat 



political ferment. Red China 
glowers menacingly over the icy 
wall of the Himalaya Moun- 
tains. But the church will abide. 
We ought to do all we can to 
assure our Indian brethren of 
our continued partnership with 
them in mission. 

The Church of the Brethren 
in India is a living part of 
Christ's church in India. Let us 
support that church in prayer 
and responsible partnership in 
obedience and sacrifice. 



There is something the matter with 
nations when they can spend more 
money getting a man in a rocket to a 
manless moon than in sending mission- 
aries and teachers to the far corners of 
the earth. — Louis H. Evans, Presby- ! 
terian minister. 

GOSPEL MESSENGER 1 



BU 



KINGDOM GLEANINGS 



The six choirs of the Palmyra church, Pa., have 
corded two record albums. The first supply of two 
iiidred has been sold out, but recently a new shipment 
IS been received. Persons interested in these records 
ould write: Mrs. Kenneth Frey, Music Director, Pal- 
yra Church of the Brethren, Palmyra, Pa. 

W. E. lakes of the Dallas Center church, Iowa, is 
ailable to meet and speak with church groups in the 
estern Region. Brother Ickes has made six trips to 
Lirope during which he had opportunity to visit the 
[ork carried on by the church there and to meet persons 
I many different countries. He may be contacted at 
jdel, Iowa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl Spangler of Roanoke, Va., com- 
eted a two-year term of volunteer service in the 
fethren Service program at Kassel, Germany, in De- 
j'mber. They have now begun serving as host and 
jjstess of the Brethren Service Center at New Windsor, 
)d. Persons wishing to contact them may write to them 
care of the center. 

Teachers using Course I, Brethren Graded Series, 
ill be interested to know of these materials for use in 
e spring quarter: Through the Year, a Geneva record 
Ibum, for Unit VII; Nonebah of the Navajos, a filmstrip 
i'r Unit VIII; and Jim's Family, a filmstrip for Unit LX, 
jssions 2, 3, and 4. Order from the Church of the 
rethren General Offices, Elgin, 111. 

A Holy Land tour, directed by Charles R. Munson 
■ Ashland, Ohio, and George J. MacDonald of Denver, 
olo., is scheduled for June 18 to July 12. The cost is 
1,285, originating in Cleveland, Ohio, and concluding 

New York. For further information write: Rev. 
harles R. Munson, 616 Park St., Ashland, Ohio, or 
ev. George J. MacDonald, 1334 Pennsylvania Ave., 
enver 3, Colo. 

The American Bible Society reports that circulation 
Scriptures in Uruguay in 1961 broke all previous 
;cords. This is due in part to a "Bible army" consisting 
: over a thousand laymen who have promised to sell or 
3nate at least one Bible a year. Several seminary 
udents have been giving their holidays to Scripture 
blportage, and groups of young people have been 
iving their Saturday evenings to Bible distribution in 
leir neighborhoods, going out "with baskets full of 
2riptures in teams of two or three." 

Ground breaking ceremonies for the new Bethany 
eminary campus will be held on Saturday, Feb. 17, 
: two o'clock. Members of the Bethany board of 
(rectors. General Brotherhood staff, the faculty and 
udents of the seminary will participate. It is ex- 
acted that the contract to build the new seminary 
ill be awarded at the meeting of the seminary board 
a Feb. 16. Present plans call for occupancy of the 
sw campus by the fall of 1963. Whether or not the 
Dmplete campus can be built at this time will depend 
pon the continuing response of the churches and con- 
ibutions of interested individuals and upon a favorable 
id on construction. 
iBRUARY 17. 1962 



The Brethren Service Commission and the Min- 
istry and Home Mission Commission of the General 
Brotherhood Board are interested in securing the names 
and addresses of Brethren ministers working part time 
or full time as chaplains of social welfare institutions. 
Kindly send information to Ministry and Home Mission 
Commission, Church of the Brethren General Offices, 
Elgin, 111. 

Test ban talks in Geneva have broken down. Ac- 
cording to sources in the administration and the press, 
the President is expected to make final decision on 
whether to resume U.S. atmospheric nuclear tests by 
mid-Februaiy. Thirty organizations including the Breth- 
ren Sei-vice Commission are cooperating in a nationwide 
effort in early February to persuade the President not 
to resume atmospheric nuclear tests but to deliberately 
put the peace race first. Through the Action Sheet on 
the Nuclear Test Ban, which was mailed to pastors and 
Brethren Service chaiiTnen, the Brethren Service staff 
urges members to write or wire President Kennedy. 

Junior Year Abroad 

This is the popular designation for a cooperative 
project among our six colleges which will be initiated 
in 1962. William G. Willoughby, professor of philoso- 
phy and religion at Bridgewater College, will serve as 
director the first year. Dean Earl Carver of Manchester 
is the coordinator of the program, with counsel from 
an administrative committee composed of Harold D. 
Fasnacht of La Verne, Morley Mays of Juniata, and 
S. Loren Bowman. The basic plan was approved by 
the Committee on Higher Education. The study pro- 
gram will center at Philipps Universitiit, Marburg/Lahn 
in Germany (Marburg University). 

The Church Calendar 
February 18 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday School Lesson: Respect for Human Life 
(Temperance) Ex. 20:13; Matt. 5:21-26, 38-48; 19:13-15; 
Luke 12:4-7. Memory Selection: Love your enemies and 
pray for those who persecute you. Matt. 5:44 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 18-25 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 25 Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 

March 3-4 Western Region executive committee and district 
executive secretaries 

March 4-9 Adult Seminar, Washington, D. C, and New York 
City 

March 7 Ash Wednesday 

March 9 World Day of Prayer 

March 9-10 Historic peace churches conference, German- 
town, Ohio 

March 11 One Great Hour of Sharing 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. Robert Hess of Mastersonville, Pa., in the West 
Conestoga congregation, Pa., March 28— April 1. 

17 



The PAUL 
Nobody Knows 



by H. A. Brandt 



PAUL is the author of one 
less than half of the books 
of the New Testament. But 
since he dominates the last half 
of the Book of Acts we can easi- 
ly make up the deficiency, and 
so credit him with thirteen and 
a half books out of a total 
of twenty-seven. However, it 
should be noted that a number 
of his books are a little on the 
short side. This means we can- 
not credit him with more than 
something like forty per cent 
of the linear space in the New 
Testament. 

In his writing Paul can hardly 
be accused of reticence con- 
cerning himself. Indeed, there 
are a few occasions on which he 
really boasts of certain of his 
gifts and attainments. From 
which it would appear that here 
is a man without secrets — a 
man most completely known. 

How, then, could there be a 
Paul whom nobody knows? 
The very fact that we know as 
much as we do gives us the 
material to probe more deeply 
for possible mysteries in the 
character of Paul. Then, too, 
what public figure is ever quite 
the person his public thinks 
him to be? It could be that the 

18 



well-known man is also a man 
of mystery. 

Now we know that Paul was 
of Hebrew lineage, of the tribe 
of Benjamin, and that he was 
bom and spent his early years 
in Tarsus, no mean city in terms 
of trade and culture. That cul- 
ture was to be compared with 
the best then to be found in 
the other great cities of the 
Roman world — Athens and 
Alexandria. Thus it should be 
evident that Paul, as Saul, 
began life with a basic con- 
flict between Hebrew heritage 
and Greco-Roman environment. 
When as a youth he went up to 
Jerusalem to finish his educa- 
tion it would appear that he 
had resolved this conflict in 
favor of his Hebrew heritage. 

And how completely Paul 
became a Hebrew of the He- 
brews! Being exceedingly zeal- 
ous of the law, he led in the 
persecution of all deviators 
therefrom, and especially those 
of the Way. But the very zeal 
of Paul set him up for an atomic 
explosion in his intellectual life. 

It was out of Judaism that 
Christianity emerged, but Paul 
did not emerge with it. He re- 
sisted, persecuting Christians 



ii 



t\ 



to the death. Then on the 
Damascus way his eyes were 
opened. He discovered he 
would have to about-face. His 
old world fell apart. His life 
had to be reorganized. He whojIiK 
had been an enemy of ChrKt 
was to be the apostle to the 
Gentiles! 

That on-the-way-to-Damas- it 
cus experience left him shaken, n 
and well it might. He groped !i 
his way to the house of Judas k 
and to the help that a devout li 
Ananias could give. But Paul It 
was left with a residue sense of iti 
guilt. He was never to forget 
those he had harried to the 
death. One face in particular i I li 
haunted him. It was the face 
of Stephen, as it were the face 
of an angel. And the words of 
Stephen rang in his ears. They 
were words that could not be 
controverted. Paul felt that the 
mistakes of his life had been 
many. Of sinners, he was the 
chief! 

To compensate, Paul drove 
headlong into the Jewish op- 
position. He would preach 
Christ more earnestly than he 
had opposed him. Paul was 
saved from early martyrdom by | 
the advice of cooler heads! 
around him. He made goodi 
his escape into Arabia. There! 
in the silence of the desert he^ 
was able to reorganize his inner | 
life and plan for the future. ' 

But for a long time there was | 
no opening for him even among 
those of his newfound faith. 
Eventually he returned to his 
native city of Tarsus. Here a 
new test of his character must 
have awaited him. There must 
have been those who wondered 
why a man of Paul's education 
would turn to the lowly work 
of tentmaking. Consider what 
jibes must have come to his 
ears. A man with a white- 
collar education condemned to 
one of the more menial trades! 
The years of frustration wore 
on. 



GOSPEL MESSENGERS 



It was something like ten 
jars after his conversion that 
(iportunity began to come to 
Jul. Barnabas remembered 
In. He persuaded Paul to 
(me to Antioch and try for a 
I w start in life. And that is 
j|it what it turned out to be 
f- Paul. Now the years of 
Miting and thinking were to 
|y off. Paul soon launched 
ct into the great missionary 
tdeavors for which he is just- 
1 famous. 

But what false starts, what 
flistrations and heartache came 
Ifore the years of his release! 
Me forget this when we think 
c him moving from city to 
ty, everywhere preaching the 
^ispel. It is so much more 
rtural for us to thrill with 
I ul in the days of his success. 
I sides, and for Paul, it meant 
tit he was measurably aton- 
1!^ for his early opposition to 
tose of the Christian way. 

Yet in the midst of his suc- 
cjises as measured from our 
cy, Paul must have experi- 
e;ced many lonely hours. For 
1 3re are times when every man 



who ventures is alone. And 
how many times Paul must 
have stood alone — with noth- 
ing but his faith and the angel 
of the Lord to support him. In 
the very devotion he gave to the 
cause he compounded certain 
personal problems. For he had 
no real home — except as he 
made it with friends or in some 
prison cell. When he did have 
his own hired house it was to 
share it with a soldier. No good 
wife was there to make it a 
haven from the harshness of 
the world. 

Some have interpreted some 
of Paul's sayings as against mar- 
riage. But what is the deeper 
significance of the bachelor at- 
titude? How does one explain 
the plaintive undertones in that 
remark (1 Cor. 9:5) about 
others able to be accompanied 
by a wife? Does it not seem 
more as if Paul was conscious 
of the fact that he was missing 
something normal to human 
life, something which for him 
was a part of the price of de- 
voted leadership? 

For the values of home life 




Harmon 

Paul describes his Damascus Road experience for King Agrippa 
r ;RUARY 17, 1962 



which were missing from Paul's 
experience he tended to com- 
pensate in interesting ways. 
Consider his appreciation of 
worthy women like Lydia, 
Phoebe, Eunice, and Lois. Also 
his thought of Timothy as a 
spiritual son. There are other 
touches which suggest how 
much Paul must have missed 
real home life. 

Thus the Paul whom every- 
one knows — or thinks he 
knows — begins to emerge as 
a man not completely known. 
Our purpose is not to deflate 
a hero. Rather, it is to show 
that Paul was a man of like 
passions with the rest of us. 
And we do this by looking at 
the obverse of the coin of his 
life. Generally we see Paul as 
a dauntless person, driving 
ahead, sure of his destiny and 
crown. 

But there is another side to 
his life. Paul came up the hard 
way. He survived many ob- 
scure and often overlooked 
conflicts. The first of these was 
the clash between heritage and 
environment. And then there 
was the catastrophe in his in- 
tellectual world, the sudden 
realization that all he was fight- 
ing for was a mistake, that he 
was on the wrong side! The 
burden of guilt that he was to 
carry he transmuted into a 
courageous drive to atone for 
past mistakes. His devotion to 
this task brought him the lone- 
liness that comes to everyone 
who ventures. Paul's greatness 
lies as much in what he sur- 
vived as in what he did. Here 
is the Paul nobody knows. 



The church which expects to grow, to 
prosper, and to speak with authority in 
the community today, must take an ac- 
tive interest in tlie conditions under 
which the members of its congregation 
live. When the life of a neighborhood 
is renewed, so, too, is the life of its 
churches. — Dr. Robert C. Weaver, head 
of the Federal Housing and Home Fi- 
nance Agency. 

19 



fa. 



The 



WALLS 



Must Gc 



THE walls in Berlin and 
Jerusalem are symbols of 
a world that is badly broken. 
From the caste system of India 
to the practice of segregation 
in America, our world has or- 
ganized itself into exclusive 
groups. We have ranged coun- 
try against country, racial 
group against racial group, 
community against community; 
and we have blessed the divi- 
sion with organization. There 
are times when the brokenness 
of our world has reflected itself 
in the brokenness of the church. 
As church people we have 
had difficulty in keeping pace 
with our finest dreams. Wood- 
row Wilson once reminded us 
that we grow great by our 
dreams. After nineteen cen- 
turies of dreaming, we are 
probably closer today than we 
have ever been to Paul's vision 
of the all-inclusive, united 
church. In spite of our progress, 
there are many points in our 
church life where we have 
erected walls. With our sec- 
tarian views, our self-serving 
motives, and our class-conscious 
regulations, we need to be re- 
minded again by Paul that 
Christ "has broken down the 
dividing wall of hostility" ( Eph. 
2:14). 

It has been difficult for the 
church to achieve the New 

20 



Testament ideal. Part of the 
diflBculty arises because the 
church is composed of many 
individuals at many levels of 
development. There are some 
who have grown only a little 
in many years, and there are 
others who have grown much in 
a few years. These differences 
in our rates of growth have led 
to misunderstandings and to 
open conflicts. Perhaps Arch- 
bishop Temple was correct 
when he suggested that we 
should not speak of the failure 
of the church. Instead, we 
should speak of the "failure of 
Christian people to be thor- 
oughly Christian." 

So often the church has been 
hurt by its friends. Christians 
have not always acted maturely 
and consistently, nor have they 
been as earnest as they might 
have been. We have sometimes 
allowed differences between us 
to sharpen our tempers and 
to dull our will to fellowship. 
We have become self -regarding 
and oversensitive, so that our 
churches have experienced a 
bankruptcy of brotherliness. 
Because the church has not 
heeded the Galilean proverb, 
"Physician, heal thyself," it has 
stood impotent before a divided 
world. 

Christianity has tried to save 
men from that selfishness, ego- 



by Elmer Q. Gleim 



tism, jealousy, arrogance, ai 
indifference which has fosterf 
spite fences. It asks each of 
to subject ourselves to regu] 
self-examination so that 
searchlight might be turned 
our own motives and idea 
Such self-awareness guards 
from those vices which dest 
the will to fellowship. It as 
us to face up to our respon 
bility for preserving chur 
unity. Self-examination gi^ 
us opportunity to square c 
lives with our highest Christi 
ideals. 

The walls between us bej 
to crumble whenever we keji 
the lines of communicatijt 
open. The less we are ableji 
deal frankly with one anotb 
the more we are able to or 
cize and depreciate another, 
we grow fearful of express]}; 
disagreement or if we are afr;,! 
of what others may think of , 
then we lose the ability to h 
a hurt. The whole problem 
conflict must be kept in an 
mosphere of liberty in wh 
people may meet and sp< 
openly with one another. 

Above all. Christian libe 
requires that we hold one ; 
other in the highest respe 
Genuine love and respect m 

GOSPEL MESSEN'jR 



p 



-ossible a sympathetic appreci- 
ition of another's views and 
ontentions. It means that we 
re wilhng to approach the one 
i/ith whom we disagree in an 
Attitude of open-mindedness. 
inch love and respect are not 
jilind, but actually are farseeing 
nd hberating. For such atti- 
Lides raise the whole problem 
f conflict to the level where 
|liey may be attacked in a cre- 
ative, wholesome atmosphere, 
luch charity and kindness 
ause us to show tremendous 
fare for other personalities. I 
jpelieve Paul expressed the ideal 
jor us when he wrote of his own 
ittitude toward the Thessaloni- 
ns, "But we were gentle 
i,mong you, like a nurse taking 
^are of her children." 

Destroying walls of hostility 
jequii"es the finest kind of pa- 
tience. There are times when 
laste simply compounds prob- 
lems. We have been so well 
Indoctrinated by the spirit of 
imr age that we are inclined to 
[egard patience as weakness 
jmd a mild manner as a defect. 
Tremendous courage is re- 
quired in the exercise of pa- 
ience. With the help of 
psychology we are beginning 
see that impatience and ag- 
gressiveness can often be a 
fcamouflage for weakness. 

An English missionary and 
.eacher once confessed, "I used 
:o think that it was rather noble 
;o convict other people of sin 
md to see the timid and weak 
'ihrink from the militant and 
itrong. Gradually I am learn- 
ing my mistake. I am learning 
i:o see that there is such a thing 
IS spiritual bullying and that 
oehind the aggressiveness of 
:he bully, there always lies the 
faint heart of the coward. . . . 
When we seek by violent means 
:o force the growth of a ten- 
ier plant, we may sometimes 
achieve quick fruits for our- 
selves; it is more doubtful 
vvhether we shall encourage the 

FEBRUARY 17, 1962 



ultimate growth of the plant 
into fullness of strength." 

We have been more inchned 
to reform, to improve, and to 
correct than we have been 
to forgive. Forgiving seventy 
times seven requires an endless 
patience and a tireless concern 
for any person who has com- 
mitted a wrong. Christian for- 
giveness as taught and practiced 
by Christ is not a policy which 
can be discarded if it does not 
work the first few times. It is 
basically a principle of the 
Cliristian life which demands 
patience if it is to be effective. 
It requires the kind of mentality 
which can face many failures 
and not lose the will to try 
again. 

The walls between us will 
begin to go if we ever keep in 



mind the purposes of the 
church. Here we learn that we 
live a related Ufe. The ground 
for our unity as Christians is our 
consciousness of God through 
Christ. The church exists to 
make God's will contemporary, 
to preserve for our society the 
spirit of Christ. Let a church 
people reahze that the church 
does not exist for its own sake, 
and we shall begin to grow in- 
to the largeness which is in 
Christ. Walls will begin to 
tumble, and men will meet on 
a plane of fellowship to be 
found nowhere else in our 
world. George Tyrrell once 
said, "God will not ask us, Tn 
what sort of church have you 
lived?' but 'What sort of church 
have you longed for?' " 



Revieivs of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessar- 
ily constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for 
church libraries are marked with an asterisk (*). — Editor. 



"Sacraments: A Language of 
Faith. Kendig Brubaker Cully. 
Christian Education Press, 1961. 83 
pages. $2.00. 

"If the religious revival of our time 
is to be more than a passing phase," 
writes Dr. Cully, "it will certainly 
be necessary for all Christians to 
appreciate more fully these central 
symbols of the Christian faith." This 
small and easily read volume pur- 
ports to do this. The interesting 
story of the development of the sac- 
ramen+s, or ordinances, as we Breth- 
ren claim them to be, is told in a 
direct style which any person can 
understand. 

The major attention of the book 
is given to baptism and to holy 
communion. Perhaps the most en- 
lightening part of this book is the 
discussion of the five additional sac- 
raments — confirmation, ordination, 
marriage, penance, and extreme 
unction — considered vital by the 
churches of the Catholic tradition, 
and their parallels in Protestant 
thought and practice. 

In succinct style Brethren will find 
their Anabaptist belief outlined in 
contrast to infant baptism, and the 
full love feast conti-asted with the 
communion service only. In fact, the 
Church of the Brethren's practice in 



regard to feetwashing is mentioned 
on page 14 and the same sentence 
goes on to state that the ceremony 
has been revived in Vatican City. 
This book is recommended without 
reservation to all Brethren. — Mrs. 
Virginia S. Fisher, Elizabethtoivn, 
Pa. 

Religion in the Old Testament. 

Robert H. Pfeiffer. Haiper and 
Brothers, 1961. 276 pages. $6.00. 
The pen of Robert H. Pfeiffer has 
produced some of the Old Testa- 
ment's classic studies. This study of 
religion in the Old Testament was 
an uncompleted manuscript which 
has been edited by Dr. Pfeiffer's 
friend and colleague, C. C. Forman. 
The first part, The Religion of Israel, 
was written by Dr. Pfeiffer while 
the last two parts, Judaism and 
Normative Judaism, were written by 
Dr. Forman on the basis of class 
lectures. Like his previous works in 
the Old Testament this monograph 
is delivered in a very attractive style 
and with monumental erudition. 
Nevertheless, this work is out of tune 
with our age. Dr. Pfeiffer describes 
the "religion" of the Old Testament 
as though he could separate religious 
customs from the context of that 
faith in which tlrey were used (pp. 

21 



8f). For example, he can describe 
the festivals as only agricultural cele- 
brations and must lay aside the spe- 
cial historical usage of festivals 
which is peculiar to the Israelites. 
So Religion in the Old Testament can 
be read with considerable profit in 
learning, but the basic thesis of the 
book is unacceptable. — Graydon F. 
Snyder, Chicago, III. 

"Even Unto Death. John Chris- 
tian Wenger. John Knox Press, 1961. 
127 pages. $2.50. 

We who take our Christian lib- 
erties for granted should occasionally 
be reminded that freedom such as 
we enjoy was not always available. 
This book is an arresting account 
of the testimony and sufiFering of 
those who chose to differ on the 
practice of infant baptism in the 16th 
century. One is appalled at the cruel- 
ty of some Christians and humbled 
by the heroics of others. What these 
martyrs suffered was surely no less 
than the horrors of the Spanish In- 
quisition. Those who come from tra- 
ditions such as the Church of the 
Brethren should put this volume on 
the "must" list. 

As one reads this book it is made 
apparent that although the differ- 
ences between the Anabaptists and 
the state church are not to be dis- 
missed as minor, these differences 
centered around believers' baptism 
and the free church. There was such 
a great body of corrunon agreement 
about the nature of the Christian 
faith apart from these doctrinal dif- 
ferences that it is diflBcult to see why 
the Anabaptists were so sorely 
treated. 

Perhaps the answer lies in the 
mysterious ways in which God moves 
men toward his purpose. There is 
no little significance in the fact 
that this account of the martyrdom 
of heroic Anabaptists has been writ- 
ten by one of their descendants, 
but published by the ecclesiastical 
descendants of some of the prose- 
cutors. — Dale W. Brown, McPher- 
son, Kansas. 

"Layman's Bible Commentary, 
Volumes 6, 13, 16, 21. Various 
authors. John Knox Press, 1961. 
142 and 152 pages. $2.00 per single 
copy; $1.75 each, four or more 
assorted. 

Like other volumes in this series, 
these are ably and clearly done, an 
invaluable tool for layman and min- 
ister alike. Of particular value is 
the ability with which each commen- 
tator has been able to "cut a trail" 
22 



down through the intricacies and 
complexities of each book of the Bi- 
ble treated. For example, Romans, 
treated along with 1 and 2 Corin- 
thians, in Volume 21, is very clearly 
and lucidly outlined and each para- 
graph of the book summarized and 
fitted into the larger pattern in such 
a way that the reader may indeed 
begin with the larger contexts and 
proceed to the smaller in the only 
true way to understand the Scrip- 
tures. Then, for detailed exegesis of 
individual sentences and smaller 
units, he will want to consult the 
larger commentaries. — Chcdmer E. 
Faw, Chicago, III. 

Man in Whose Image. William 
Lazareth. Muhlenberg Press, 1961. 
54 pages. $1.00. 

This book is very readable, for it 
is written in a manner that will speak 
to the average person. It is challeng- 
ing reading for youth and adults. 
The writer, Lazareth, confronts man 
anew with the question, "Whose am 
I?" This small book is one of a series 
of books "to deal with central themes 
of Christian faith and life in an un- 
complicated way." This it does. — 
Wilbur E. Mullen. 

Perspectives on a College Church. 

Marilee K. Scaff, editor. Association 
Press, 1961. 239 pages. $4.00. 

This is a report of an experiment 
in meeting the religious needs of col- 
lege students. Five colleges are in 
the community of Claremont, Calif. 
They organized a "college church," 
without denominational ties, for stu- 
dents and faculty, employed a chap- 
lain, and conducted a campus 
ministry. This book is a series of 
reports by various people, including 
a student, involved in the exciting 
project. 

The situation is far different from 
any of our Brethren college and col- 
lege-church situations or any in 
which most of our youth will become 
involved. Nevertheless, parents, pas- 
tors, students, college trustees, fac- 
ulties and staffs, as well as college 
church leaders who seriously read 
this interestingly written study will 
gain imusual insight into contempo- 
rary student thinking, religious 
doubts and struggles, and the gen- 
eral disinterestedness in denomina- 
tional and organized Christianity. 

The experiment is realistic and the 
findings a valuable contribution, but 
hardly reassuring. Students mirror 
their culture! — Harold Z. Bomber- 
ger, McPherson, Kansas. 



THE African night was black j 
rain haunted, but even this 
membered darkness cannot dim 
me the poignant memory of t 
midnight hour when one more 
gerian baby quietly left this wo 
Through the drenching darkr 
of the rainy season night Galadi 
walked the miles to bring his cl 
to the mission dispensary. Cha; 
hanging from the neck and wi 
of the little one had failed; 
was near, very near. We work 
we prayed; but even the mii-a 
of modem medicine could not rei 
ate life in the small, disease-rid 
form which soon lay still. 

It was another death to be 
corded in the dispensary regis 
But this was a special case — a de 
which overcame the boundary of 
ligious beliefs, one which t'-j 
scended the barrier between Mosul 
and Christian. I I 

Galadima, the father, a recent c - 
vert to Christianity, came f ron a 
predominantly Moslem village, e 
was one of the first to seek help f q 
a mission dispensary. Against e 
advice of his Moslem friends he - 
ried his child away to find heljn I 
a Christian community. His c d 
died. What better argument c(d 
the Moslems in this village he j 
now? Surely this child's death wed i 
prove the folly he had shown 
his faith in the Christians' medi e 
and the Christians' God! j 

So it was with a heavy heart tit 
I carried the little body to its ifil 
earthly home. Our brief wor;lp 
service and words of comfort }tr 
Galadima seemed a small offerin is 
he started home without his cH. 

Days passed, and other nfe 
pressing events crowded thought )f 
this event from my mind. But g|l- 
ually we were aware of an incriie 
in dispensary attendance. Whe I 
inquired of its origin, the dispeJr 
replied, "They come from Cji- 
dima's village." And come jy 
did — Moslem and Christian a^e, 
seeking help from our dispensary 

We treated them in quiet wor r, 
until one day Galadima retur i 
We exchanged greetings, and « 
I asked him the question that id 
been weighing upon my h':t 
"Why, Galadima, when you cie 
for help and we were not abl to 
help you, why did you tell 'Jf 
villagers to follow your exam^ 
His answer can best be transla 
"Because you cared." 

Is it not this caring, this coir 
sion, this desire to help even v 
help is impossible, which is the 

GOSPEL MESSENGE 






sence of Christianity? Does not 

is, in a real and perceptible way, 

nvey the message of a pitying, re- 

leming Christ? "Because you 

•red" — is this not the cup of cold 

(iter, the warm winter coat, the 

.iireomycin and penicilhn, the veg- 

•iable seeds, and school kits? 

The pagan gods are gods of 

ngeance; the Moslem god is a 

id of tyranny; the Christian God 

a God of love, of caring — caring 

r each one of the least of these. 

jr God cared enough to send bis 

|Jy Son that we — and Galadima — 

:(ight live. I have pondered Gala- 

fna's faith, and I ask, "Do we 

re — enough?" 



BECAUSE 
YOU 



CARED 



by Mary Ann Eulp 




News and Comment From Around the World 



German Churchmen Study 
Compulsory Welfare Service 
for German Girls 

Religious leaders in Germany are 
following with close interest discus- 
sions in West German government 
circles regarding the possibility and 
practicahty of legislating compulsory 
service for girls to help reheve an 
acute and growing shortage of per- 
sonnel in charitable, social and wel- 
fare institutions. 

Several Protestant and Roman 
Catholic officials and groups have 
endorsed in principle the introduc- 
tion of a general conscription of girls 
for a one-year tenn following com- 
pletion of school. They regard it 
as the only way to cope with the 
increasing labor shortage in welfare 
fields. 

However, the Evangelical Youth 
Movement in West Germany said it 
regretted that the admittedly grave 
shortage of personnel had "prompted 
also many Protestant church quarters 
to support the shortsighted idea of 
a compulsory service for girls which 
was questionable not only from the 
constitutional standpoint, but also 
from the practical and pedagogical 
view." 

Opponents of compulsory service 
also argued that it would be "too 
remindful" of the duty year intro- 
duced by the Nazis, under which 
young girls had to serve one year 
in households having many children, 
or in hospitals. 

Number of Refugees in 
European Camps Decline 

Significant progress in resetthng 
refugees in European camps was 
made in 1961, according to a year- 
end report by Felix Schnyder, the 
United Nations High Commissioner 
for Refugees. 

The number of refugees in camps 
was reduced to 8,700 at the end of 
the year as against 15,000 persons 
in camps a year ago. 

American Baptists Move to 
Valley Forge Headquarters 

At the beginning of January, de- 
nominational personnel began mov- 
ing into the new American Baptist 
Convention headquarters at Valley 
Forge, Pa. A circular building 
that looks like a Roman colosseum, 
the structure will, for the first 
time, house all the denominational 
agencies under one roof. Previously 
offices had been spread over three 
24 



locations in Philadelphia and in 
rented space in four buildings in 
New York City. 

The new building is circular with 
an open courtyard, and the ground 
floor is broken up with large 
open spaces to give it a floating 
appearance. 

Two rectangular buildings, a cafe- 
teria and a combination graphic arts 
center and printing plant, are at- 
tached to the central office building 
by covered walkways. 

The new center will be dedicated 
during the American Baptist Nation- 
al Convention in Philadelphia, May 
23-27. 

Leaders of Women's 
Organizations Named to 
President's Commission 

Secretary of Labor Arthur J. Gold- 
berg has announced the appointment 
of three leaders of women's religious 
organizations to the President's Com- 
mission on Status of Women. 

Named to the commission are Miss 
Margaret J. Mealey, executive secre- 
tary of the National Council of Cath- 
olic Women; Mrs. Theodore O. 
Wedel, cochairman of the National 
Council of Churches' Committee on 
Cooperation of Men and Women; 
and Mrs. Viola H. Hymes, president 
of the National Council of Jewish 
Women. 



The commission was establishec 
in December by executive order o 
President Kennedy and was assignee 
to consider employment practice 
and policies of the federal govern 
ment as related to women. 

Churches in Merger Proposal 
to Hold Discussions in April 

The first full-scale discussioi 
among representatives of the fou 
churches included in Dr. Eugea 
Carson Blake's sweeping Protestan 
merger proposal will be held ij 
Washington during April. 

Approximately thirty-six repre 
sentatives, including both clergymei 
and laymen, will meet at the Wash 
ington Cathedral, April 9-10. Th 
four groups involved are the Units 
Presbyterian, Protestant Episcopa 
the Methodist Church, and th 
United Church of Christ. 

Conservative Jews Ask Repeal 
of Law Permitting Bingo 

The United Synagague of Am© 
ica, congregational arm of Conservs 
tive Judaism in the United State: 
has urged repeal of New York stat 
laws legalizing bingo. 

The organization sent a telegrai 
criticizing state statutes which alio' 
houses of worship to become "m: 
ature Monte Carlos and Las Vegase 
and pointing out that legahzin 







Religious News Service 

Sunday worshipers linger outside the Evangelical-Baptist church at Ki( 
Russia, after a two-hour service which included three sermons. A toun| 
who took the picture reported that the 200-seat sanctuary was packed wi 
people standing in the aisles and lining the walls. Although there we 
many young people in the congregation, no one under eighteen was prese 
since it is illegal for churches to teach religion to youth below that a 

GOSPEL MESSENGl 



jngo for charitable purposes runs 
i'lunter to a code of approved syna- 
■)gue practices. The organization 
id that fund-raising for synagogues 
charitable purposes "is in itself 
I act of sanctity and therefore must 
ive the same spiritual quality as 
e ends to which the funds are to 
; employed." 

!. Niemoeller Honored 
1 Seventieth Birthday 

Dr. Martin Niemoeller, contro- 

.;rsial figure in the Evangelical 

Shurch in Germany, and one of the 

< presidents of the World Council 

Churches, received felicitations 

m church and civic figures 

oughout the world on his sev- 

tieth birthday. 

A message sent on behalf of the 
i'angelical Church stressed that Dr. 
iiemoeller, who is president of the 
L-angelical Church of Hesse and 
(assau, had become "a true witness 

the gospel and a servant devoted 
the unity of the Christian 
;iurches." It said that "even if his 
Iterances and activities were often 
fiticized, he is everywhere regarded 
ith the highest respect." 

The Protestant and secular press 
iid radio paid tribute to Dr. Nie- 
oeUer in long articles and editor- 
Is. The West German press noted 
s strong views against West Ger- 
an armament, but stressed that 
ven his critics must admit his in- 
ntions are the best." 

se in Number of Catholics 
ining Anglican 
hurch Reported 

A statistical survey of the Church 

England showed a gain in the 

imber of Roman Catholics admitted 

the church in 1958 as compared 

ith the years from 1954 through 

)56. However, the survey also noted 

considerable drop in the number of 

;rsons other than Catholics received 

to the church for the same period. 

The survey also reported a decline 

Sunday school attendance, which 

said was related to the increase 

the number of automobiles in the 

untry. 

lost Discrimination Is 
3und in Social Clubs 

Religious discrimination, particu- 
rly against Jews, is far harsher in 
tnerican social clubs than it is in 
nployment, education, and other 
eas, according to the Anti-Defama- 
)n League of B'nai B 'rith, Jewish 
rvice organization. 
IBRUARY 17, 1962 



A nationwide survey conducted by 
the league has found that two thirds 
of 1,152 private clubs it investigated 
practice religious discrimination. 
Most of these clubs maintained their 
restrictions "unofficially" without re- 
ligious barriers in their constitutions 
or bylaws. Most of the clubs that 
discriminate practice total exclusion 
although a few permit some token 
members of other religions to join. 

Russian Church Declines Bible 
Society Offer of Scriptures 

The American Bible Society an- 
nounced that the Russian Orthodox 
Church had declined an oflier made 
some time ago by the American 
agency to supply the Moscow Pa- 
triarchate with Russian-language 
Bibles. 

A message received from an offi- 
cial of the Moscow Patriarchate ex- 
pressed gratitude for the offer but 
claimed "it is possible for us to print 
in our national print shops all of 
the books of the Holy Scriptures we 
need, as well as other books required 
for our worship." 



ON THE IMPORTANCE 
OF LISTENING 

► Let's Listen to the Rus- 
sians, is the title of an ar- 
ticle in the December issue 
of MINUTES, a magazine 
of Nationwide Insurance 
Company. The author is 
S. I. Hayakawa, professor 
of language arts at San 
Francisco State College, 
who proposes nonevalua- 
tive listening as a way to 
break the communicative 
deadlock between the 
United States and the So- 
viet Union. He says: 

"If, however, we genu- 
inely believe in ourselves, 
our way of life, and our 
inner strength, we do not 
have to be rigid. We can 
listen to the Russians and 
perhaps make them less 
rigid in the process. In a 
general relaxation of rigid- 
ities, then, we may begin 
to create a new kind of 
atmosphere in which new 
information may be ex- 
changed, new perceptions 
made, and a resolution 
found to some of the 
differences." 



Soviet Court Sentences 
Pentecostal Preacher 

A Pentecostal preacher in the 
Western Ukraine has been sentenced 
to five years in prison, followed by 
five years of exile in distant regions 
of Russia, on charges of "attempting 
to recruit peasants" as sect members. 

According to a report in a Moscow 
paper, the preacher succeeded so 
well in his evangelistic efforts that 
the peasants participated in "fierce 
prayers" for many hours with the 
result that they were so effected emo- 
tionally that they had to be sent to 
"mental houses." 

Despite decisive measures taken 
by Communist officials against reli- 
gion in Russia, Pentecostals remain 
active especially in the Western 
Ukraine and some Siberian regions. 

Presbyterian Men to Study 
Juvenile Delinquency 

The National Council of United 
Presbyterian Men has announced 
that it will sponsor a three-year study 
and action program on juvenile de- 
linquency. The project was ap- 
proved at the fourteenth annual 
meeting of the council along with 
another plan to make a survey of 
conditions in Africa's new nations. 
Council oflBcials said the two studies 
are designed to acquaint members 
of the United Presbyterian Church 
with current problems of youth in 
the U.S. and developments in the 
newly-emerging countries of Africa. 

More than 400,000 men will be 
enlisted in tire study of tlie two 
projects. 

Australia and Ethiopia Seek 
Next World Council Assembly 

Both Ethiopia and Australia wish 
to be hosts to the World Council 
of Churches when it holds its next 
assembly in six or seven years' time. 
Invitations from churchmen in these 
countries were extended at the last 
session of the Third Assembly. 

Both invitations will be passed to 
the Central Committee, who wiU fix 
the date and place of the meeting 
about three years in advance. 

Committees Told Factories 
in South Bar Negroes 

No Negroes are employed by more 
than twenty-five per cent of indus- 
trial plants in four Southern states 
having federal government contracts. 
This was the observation of a race 
relations expert speaking before a 
special house subcommittee. Dr. 
Herman H. Long, director of United 

25 






Church of Christ's board of home- 
land ministries' race relations depart- 
ment, reported on a survey of Negro 
workers before a subcommittee hold- 
ing hearings on legislation for fair 
employment practices. 

Dr. Long said, "The Negro work- 
er, occupying a long-standing mar- 
ginal position in the industrial 
situation, is literally held in that 
position by a vicious cycle of de- 
partures and preferences, of which 
the industrial procedures are a prom- 
inent and determining aspect." 

Award Winning Radio Series 
Made Available to 
Local Stations 

The award-winning radio series, 
Christianity and Communism, is be- 
ing made available nationwide to lo- 
cal radio stations by the National 
Council of Churches. 

The series, consisting of eight pro- 
grams, was hailed by the Freedoms 
Foundation as "pointing up the dif- 
ferences between Christianity and 
communism and the unique values 
of the American way of life." 

The radio series was part of the 
ABC network Pilgrimage series mod- 
erated by Quincy Howe and pro- 
duced in cooperation with the 
National Council of Churches Broad- 
casting and Film Commission. 

Peace Corps Director Backs Ban 
on Aid to Missionary Groups 

The director of the Peace Corps 
has upheld the agency's rule 
against aiding private missionary 
organizations. 

R. Sargent Shriver, addressing a 
gathering of representatives of over- 
seas voluntary agencies, said the de- 
cision had been made because "it 
would be a mistake, in our opinion" 
for missionary or denominational 
groups to operate Peace Corps 
projects. 

Indian Official Lauds 
Heifer Project Work 

The arrival of thirty-nine Jersey 
heifers and fifteen bulls, tended by 
two Congregational ministers from 
the United States, was hailed by 
India's minister of agriculture as 
"an occasion of historic importance 
to India's livestock development 
program." 

Dr. Panjab Rao Deshmukh, the 
Indian official, said the Heifer Proj- 
ect had been of considerable assist- 
ance in raising India's production of 
milk. Begun in 1955, the Indian 
program of the Heifer Project al- 
26 



ready has been proved successful. 
U. S. cattle and the crossbred cows 
developed there produce on the aver- 
age four times the amount of milk 
taken from local stock. 

Fireman Objects to 
Sunday Rescue Drills 

A Presbyterian fireman's strict ob- 
servance of the Sabbath may be re- 
ferred to Parliament. He is Thomas 
McCabe, forty-six, an auxiliary fire- 
man in the Northern Ireland fire 
service. He has steadfastly refused 
to attend occasional lifesaving 
courses on Sunday on the ground of 
religious principle. 

Mr. McCabe refuses to resign from 
the fire service, despite the prospect 
of disciplinary action by the fire 
authority in Northern Ireland. A 
carpenter by trade and the father 
of two children, he says he will 
continue to observe the Sabbath 
rather than obey his superiors. 

Baptists to Mark Anniversary 
of Pioneer Missionary 

Baptists from the United States 
and some 200 denominational mis- 
sionaries from various parts of the 
world are expected to participate in 
a series of services and events in 
March to commemorate the 150th 
anniversary of the sailing of Adon- 
iram Judson, pioneer Baptist mis- 
sionary who left Salem, Mass., for 
Burma in 1812. 

Methodists Plan Major 
Evangelism Campaign 

The Methodist Council on Evan- 
gelism plans to launch in 1963 an 
"Alders gate Year" to commemorate 
the 225th anniversary of the "spirit- 
ual rebirth" of John Wesley, British 
founder of Methodism. 

It was at a meeting on London's 
Aldersgate Street on May 24, 1738, 
that John Wesley, an Anglican min- 
ister, was moved to launch his move- 
ment while listening to a reading 
of Martin Luther's Preface to St. 
Paul's Epistle to the Romans. Meth- 
odists usually consider this the be- 
ginning of their church. 

News Briefs 

The Church of the Nazarene has 

adopted a record budget of $3,391,- 
000 to finance its program for the 
next year. Most of the budget, or 
more than $2,100,000, has been allo- 
cated to foreign missions. The for- 
eign missions department directs 
missionary work in thirty-two foreign 
areas. 



Quotes in the News 

Setaraki Tuilovani, director o 
young people's work for the Meth 
odist Church in the Fiji Islands: "Iii 
former times religion was the centel 
of the islander's life and there wajjj 
no rift between what today is know 
as secular and what is regarded a 
religious. Today the danger exist 
that under the uncoordinated influ 
ences of such groups as missions 
governments, and trade enterprises 
the people will separate thei 
lives into religious and secula 
compartments." 

Rabbi Samuel Sandmel, presiden 
of the Society of Biblical Literatur 
and Exegesis, discussing the Dea( 
Sea Scrolls: "Respecting the scroD 
and Christian origins, I for oq 
would gladly swap all the sectariai 
documents and the hymns for on 
tiny Qumran fragment that wouli 
contain the name of Jesus or Cepha 
or James or Paul. Until such a frag 
ment is found, I shall persist in re 
garding the scrolls as adding a {e\ 
more drops to the bucket tha 
was already half full, a bucket en 
abling us to know no more thai 
perhaps fifty per cent about Chris 
tian origins." 

Dr. Paul Lee Sturges, executiv 
secretary of the Massachusetts ~ 
tist Convention: "No people in th 
world today are more apprehensiv 
regarding the future than the Amei 
ican people and none live in moi 
fear. The threat of the hydroge 
bomb hangs over us as a threatenin 
cloud and would drive us unde 
ground. For the first time in oi 
history we find ourselves in a situ;' 
tion with which we cannot cop 
without a sense of security. Thl 
result is that we act as citizens witl 
out patience, hope, and faith. W 
are unable to combat this lack < 
security, the less emotionally stabl 
among us seek a scapegoat, someor 
to blame. Some place the fault upo 
Russia. Others place the blame upc 
our leaders whose loyalty up uni 
now has never been questioned. 

"They imagine there is a conspi 
acy everywhere. The consequenc(j 
are that America is panicky, frigh 
ened, and insecure. In this soil tl 
evil seeds of suspicion, mistrust, an 
division are taking root. 

"The hope which has its rootaj 
in the Christian faith is the antido; 
to our anxiety, to the poisons of mi 
trust and suspicion. It is this hop 
we may have and this hope we mu; 
have if we are to meet the demani' 
of the months ahead." 

GOSPEL MESSENGli 



)bituaries 

Anderson, Josie B., daughter of Mr. 
iid Mrs. E. B. Hammontree, was born 
.jb. 22, 1880, and died January 1962. 
n Jan. 30, 1899, she was married to 
'red Anderson, who died in 1949. She 
as a longtime member of the Church 
the Brethren. Surviving are three 
,ns, one daughter, seven grandchil- 
Jen, and eight great-grandchildren. 
'he funeral service was conducted by 
se F. Spitzer and W. B. DeVilbiss, and 
irial was in the Hope cemetery. — 
rs. Roy Gerhard, Ottawa, Kansas. 
Baker, George Landis, son of John 
'. and Iva Replogle Baker, was born 
Bedford County, Pa., and died at 
lana, Va., Dec. 27, 1961, at the age of 
jcty-three years. At the time of his 
feath, he was serving as pastor of the 
|. Paul church. In 1935, he was mar- 
j3d to Honor Snyder, who survives, 
jne son, two brothers, and three sis- 
Irs also survive. The funeral service 
las conducted at the St. Paul church 
^ Brethren Rufus McDannel, L. D. 
bwman, and Robert Jones, and burial 
jas at Waterside, Pa. — W. M. Left- 
'ich, Mount Airy, N. C. 
Baker, Wilbur, was born Aug. 22, 
)06, and died Dec. 29, 1961. Surviving 
le his wife, Lucille, one daughter, one 
n, and three brothers. The funeral 
rvice was conducted by Bro. D. Alfred 
;plogle, pastor of the Salem church, 
ihio. — Esther M. Bittinger, Union, 
hio. 

Clevenger, Mark Samuel, seven- 
;onth-old son of Alex J. and Ruth 
rong Clevenger, died at Pittsburgh, 
I. Besides his parents, he is survived 
' one brother, his paternal grand- 
other, and maternal grandparents. The 
neral service was conducted at Indi- 
la. Pa., by Bro. Raymond Boose, and 
irial was in the Lutheran cemetery at 
rushvalley. — Mrs. Charles Strong, 
bnn Run, Pa. 

I Erbaugh, Howard, son of Samuel and 
irbara Bookwalter Erbaugh, was born 
arch 20, 1896, at New Lebanon, Ohio, 
id died Jan. 3, 1962, at Hamilton, 
hio. He had served the Hamilton 
iiurch as pastor since 1957, having 
eviously been a supply pastor after the 
iath of his brother, Orion Erbaugh. 
e was also moderator of the Middle- 
wn, Bethany, Straight Creek, and 
arble Furnace churches. Surviving 
e his wife, Elizabeth Wonner Er- 
uigh, to whom he was married on July 
1953, two sons, three daughters, 
two brothers. Funeral services 
,ere held at the Hamilton church in 
e morning and Bear Creek church in 
e afternoon by Bro. Chester Harley, 
sisted by Bro. Walter Hawke. — Mrs. 
jarry Spaulding, Hamilton, Ohio. 
Hochstetler, Ada, daughter of Noah 
id Sophie Swinehart, died Dec. 16, 
)61, at the age of seventy-one years, 
le became a member of the Church 
the Brethren in 1906. On Dec. 24, 
)10, she was married to Frank Hoch- 
etler, who preceded her in death, 
irviving are one daughter, three sons, 
ne grandchildren, and one foster sis- 
r. The funeral service was conducted 
the Danville church by the under- 
ined, and burial was in the adjoining 
•metery. — WiUiam H. Loucks, Dan- 
He, Ohio. 

Hoffer, Isaac W., son of Joshua and 
'.BRUARY 17. 1962 



Hanna Wechter Hofler, was born Oct. 

18, 1883, and died Dec. 30, 1961. He 
was married to Martha Martin. Sur- 
viving are his wife, nine children, twen- 
ty-five grandchildren, and fifteen great- 
grandchildren. The funeral service was 
conducted by the undersigned and Bro. 
Abram N. Eshelman, and burial was in 
the Mount Tunnel cemetery. — Nevin 
H. Zuck, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Holsopple, Harry A., son of Joseph 
and Catherine Lehman Holsopple, was 
born in Indiana County, Pa., Sept. 7, 
1871, and died at Indiana, Pa., Oct. 14, 

1961. On March 12, 1896, he was mar- 
ried to Alice Nicholson, who preceded 
him in death. Surviving are one daugh- 
ter, one son, three grandchildren, two 
great-grandchildren, and two brothers. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Eli S. Keeny, and burial was in the 
Manor cemetery near Penn Run, Pa. — 
Mrs. Charles L. Strong, Penn Run, Pa. 

King, Albert C, son of George W. 
and Lizzie Ribblett King, was born in 
Cambria County, Pa., Sept. 21, 1884, 
and died at Vintondale, Pa., Jan. 10, 

1962. Surviving are his wife, the former 
Eva Ohmart, one daughter, four grand- 
children, two brothers, and four sisters. 
He was a member of the Locust Grove 
church. Pa. The funeral service was 
conducted by Rev. C. M. Bennet, pas- 
tor of the Methodist church, and Bro. 
Edward Cauffiel, and burial was in the 
Locust Grove cemetery. — Mrs. W. C. 
Dishong, Johnstown, Pa. 

Leatherman, Retta, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. David Smith, was born Sept. 

19, 1887, and died Jan. 11, 1962. She 
was a member of the New Paris church, 
Ind. On Aug. 14, 1909, she was married 
to Guy Leatherman, who survives. Also 
surviving are three sons, one daughter, 
eight grandchildren, and two brothers. 
The funeral service was conducted at 
the New Paris church by the under- 
signed and Bro. Kenneth Hollinger, and 
burial was in the New Paris cemetery. — 
Eldon Evans, Argos, Ind. 

Sibert, Emma Mae, was born Dec. 19, 
1887, and died Dec. 23, 1961. She was 
a faithful member of the Salem church, 
Ohio. Surviving are her husband, Ezra, 
two daughters, one son, and one brother. 
The funeral service was conducted by 
Bro. Alfred Replogle. — Esther Bitting- 
er, Union, Ohio. 



Church News 

Idaho 
Mountain View — During October the 
congregation made many improvements 
throughout the church. The ceiling 
was refinished and tile laid on the floor; 
new pews were installed, as well as a 
serving counter in the kitchen. The 
church was host to the district confer- 
ence the last weekend of October. We 
had a community visitation during Janu- 
ary, going from door to door, telling the 
story of our church to the community. 
We also left with each family a bro- 
chure which told about the church and 
its functions. — Joanne Shaffer, Boise, 
Idaho. 

Oregon 

Sunrise Community — The congrega- 
tion gave a community dinner which 
was very successful. The fellowship 
class, composed of the older folks in 



the congregation, meet once each month 
for lunch after the Sunday morning 
service. They have had pictures and 
talks on the Bible land, and other pro- 
grams. The children gave a Christmas 
program. The church recognized the 
sixty-eighth wedding anniversary of 
Brother and Sister H. H. Bitter. The 
congregation will be host to the woman's 
rally in the spring. Galen Ogden spent 
one day in our midst as a representa- 
tive of the General Brotherhood Board. 
— Mrs. Harley Hoover, Albany, Oregon. 

Washington 

Seattle, Olympic View Community — 

Dean Roloof, a senior at Seattle Pacific 
College, was the guest at a women's 
service guild. She told of her ex- 
periences while touring the villages of 
Mexico and also showed her slides. The 
Peacemakers, in addition to their sewing 
for the home in Korea and the migrant 
workers of Washington, are now mend- 
ing at Fir Crest home once each month. 
The evening interest group heard a 
book review of Dear and Glorious 
Physician by Mrs. Karl Gaylord at the 
first meeting of the year. Thirteen new 
members were received into the church 
on World Communion Sunday. Ralph 
Turnidge assisted the pastor, Dewey 
Rowe, at the service. Immediately fol- 
lowing the service, the deaconesses were 
hostesses to the new members at a coffee 
hour. A film on western flowers was 
shown at the senior fellowship potluck 
dinner, which followed the morning 
service on Jan. 14. On Jan. 28 the mem- 
bership class. Adventuring Into Church, 
began. Two new deacons and deacon- 
esses were installed at a morning serv- 
ice, making a total of twenty-two. — 
Mrs. Calder Muirhead, Seattle, Wash. 

Middle Indiana 

Akron Cooperative — Four were bap- 
tized on Dec. 31. The church is plan- 
ning a visitation and witnessing program 
before the meeting on March 11-18. 
Bro. Edward Kintner of North Man- 
chester, Ind., will be the minister for 
this meeting. Moyne Landis of North 
Manchester was reelected moderator 
for this year. Horace Huse is the pas- 
tor. — Mrs. Fred Walgamuth, Akron, 
Ind. 

Southern Indiana 

Nettle Creek — Brother and Sister 
Leonard Blickenstaff, who are on fur- 
lough from the India mission field, spoke 
one Sunday morning. We had a fel- 
lowship meal and an informal program 
afterwards. Sister Anna Mow met with 
various groups during a meeting which 
she held in our church. As a result 
eleven were baptized and one receixed 
by letter. We had a school of Christian 
service in October, with Ira Frantz of 
North Manchester as the teacher. The 
youth had a retreat at the Mounds 
state park to welcome new members. 
They also took part in tlie Thanksgiving 
service and planned the Christmas pro- 
gram. We observed our love feast on 
Oct. 21. Arthur Dean, the church 
building counselor, met with the con- 
gregation to discuss and draw up plans 
for future expansion of our church fa- 
cilities. Eugene Stone is the new mod- 
erator. The women's fellowship had a 
party for a unit at the epileptic state 
hospital. Members of the church have 
attended various conferences related to 

27 



How 
Love 
Grows 
in 
Marriage 



LELAND 
FOSTER WOOD 



This new, revised and great- 
ly expanded edition is abun- 
dant in helpful illustrations 
and deals with such perti- 
nent topics as "We grow into 
our ability to love," "It is 
normal for love to grow," 
and "Marriage achieves its 
heights through growth." 
Here is a book for those re- 
cently married and those 
who are planning marriage. 

$3.50 



Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



their interests. — Mrs. Elmer Wampole, 
Greensfork, Ind. 

Northeastern Ohio 

New Philadelphia — Church and Sun- 
day school officers were elected at the 
business meeting in September, at 
which Robert Fryman was moderator. 
We had a rally and promotion on Oct. 
1, in the morning and the love feast 
in the evening. The pastor, Bro. Alvin 
Kintner, spoke at the Eden church dur- 
ing the week of their preaching mission. 
He also attended regional conference 
at North Manchester. We had a family 
covered-dish supper when Wilbert Mil- 
ey, professor at Ashland College, 
showed pictures taken din'ing his visit 
to the Holy Lands. A new pulpit Bible 
was presented to the church in memory 
of Thomas and Emma Francis by their 
children. On Dec. 3, we had a special 
oflEering for the relocation of Bethany 
Biblical Seminary. A Christmas pro- 

S8 



gram was given on Dec. 17. At this 
time the white gift offering was dedi- 
cated. The youth distributed baskets 
of fruit and caroled for the county home 
and also for the shut-in members of 
the church. We had a candlelight serv- 
ice on Christmas Eve. The church 
bowling team gave two new black- 
boards to the church, one for the 
kindergarten class and another for the 
junior department. — Mrs. Robert Gou- 
dy. New Philadelphia, Ohio. 

Sugarcreek — The children gave a 
Christmas program on Dec. 24. In the 
absence of the pastor, Robert Brown 
and Junior Trachsel filled the pulpit. 
Mr. and Mrs. Edison Moomaw and 
their sons gave a gift of $200 toward 
the church debt and Mrs. Lois Shepfer 
Carver gave a gift of $90 in memory 
of her grandfather. The women had a 
fellowship work night at which com- 
forters were knotted and some quilting 
done. On Jan. 7, the ministerial associ- 
ation sponsored a Twelfth Night service 
in the community park. It was con- 
cluded by the burning of all the Christ- 
mas trees. — Mrs. Peter H. Domer, 
Sugarcreek, Ohio. 

Southern Ohio 

Bradford — During the past year one 
was received by letter and fifteen were 
baptized. Bro. Calvin Bright of Rich- 
mond, Ind., conducted the revival serv- 
ice in October. Delegates representing 
the Bradford church at district meeting 
were Goldie Detrick, Sarah Lehman, 
and Harry Royer. Two of the women 
attended the workshop at Fort McKin- 
ley. The women have divided into 
three circles for this year. Fixing ban- 
dages for the local hospital has been 
one project of the circles. A white 
gift offering was given to Mary Eiken- 
berry to be used on the mission field 
on her return to Nigeria. The adults 
presented the Christmas program. Let 
Us Adore, on Dec. 17, and the chil- 
dren's department the program, Joy to 
the World, on Dec. 24. The Bradford 
and Harrisburg churches co-operated in 
a daily vacation Bible school. — Mrs. 
Chester J. Hocker, Bradford, Ohio. 

Donnels Creek — We had a consecra- 
tion service for Sunday school and 
church workers on Sept. 24. The love 
feast was observed on World Commun- 
ion Sunday. At the semiannual birthday 
party Chester Harley showed pictures 
of his Western trip. Some of our work- 
ers attended the district children's 
workers conference at the East Dayton 
church and also the regional conference 
at Manchester College. The laymen 
took part in the worship service on 
Layman's Sunday. The local young 
adults entertained the district group. 
The pastor, Bro. Robert Hoover, and 
the junior choir held a service at the 
I.O.O.F. home in Springfield. One of 
the church school classes worshiped at 
the Strait Creek church one Sunday. 
The junior choir of our congregation 
sang in the Southern Ohio children's 
choir directed by Alvin Brightbill. Dur- 
ing the week of Thanksgiving Robert 
K. Higgins, pastor of the Covington 
church, held an inspirational preaching 
mission, showing pictures to the chil- 
dren prior to the church service. Two 
were baptized. On Dec. 17 the com- 
bined choirs presented the cantata. The 
Cospel Song of Christmas. The follow- 



ing Sunday morning the children gav« 
a Christmas program. On New Year' 
Eve we had a watch night service a 
which the picture. So Dear to M] 
Heart, was shown. The evening closec 
with a worship service led by the pas 
tor. — Edith Dresher, Springfield, Ohio 

Salem — Bro. Ivan Eikenberry tolc 
about his work on the Africa missioi 
field. Four delegates represented thi 
congregation at the district meeting a 
the Bear Creek church. Next year thi 
district will have its business meetin; 
at our church. In the absence of thi 
pastor, Alfred Replogle, Bro. Rober 
Mock of the West Milton church fillet 
the pulpit. Bro. Don Robinson of Read 
ing. Pa., conducted the preaching mis 
sion, Nov. 5-10, which closed with thi 
love feast. Six were baptized. Th. 
church cooperated in the Northmen 
area Thanksgiving day service held a 
the high school. Eight babies have beei 
dedicated since June. The men's fellow 
ship sponsored Henry Driver, wb 
showed pictures of his trip to Paragua; 
with a shipment of pigs donated by th 
district heifer committee. On Dec. 14 
the classes of the children's departmeu 
visited a number of the aged and shul 
ins, taking to them remembrances. On 
of the church families entertaine 
Tiwalde Oke, a premedical studer 
from Nigeria, during the hoHdays. H 
is presently attending Center State Co! 
lege near Xenia, Ohio. The men's fe: 
lowship is making possible every-famil 
subscriptions to the Gospel Messengi 
and the Southern Ohio Herald. — Esthi 
M. Bittinger, Union, Ohio. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Cocalico — Five decisions were mad 
for Christ at the revival conducted b 
Bro. James Ober. Two letters were ri 
ceived. Brethren that have preachi 
for us have been Ehner Brubaker, How 
ard Merkey, Luke Bucher, David Gil 
bel, and John Patrick. Bro. Abrai 
Eshelman officiated at the love feas 
Bro. Monroe Good talked about tl 
work in Nigeria, illustrating his ta. 
with slides. Bro. Henry Hackme 
showed slides of his trip to Polani 
The four prayer meetings were led Y^ 
Bro. Henry Bucher. Bro. Ralph Schlo 
ser conducted the Bible institute. Oth' 
speakers have been Rev. Ben Dav 
Lew, a converted Jew, who shared h;, 
experiences under Hitler; Bro. Clareni 
Showalter, who conducted a revivl 
meeting; Brethren Ray Kurtz and G 
aid Greiner, who were ministers at tl 
love feast service. Three children wei 
dedicated on Mother's Day. The wor 
en sponsor services at the various o 
folks' homes. A number of the womij 
helped process clothing at New Win 
sor. Before the Monroe Good fi 
returned to Africa, we had a farew>| 
for them. One Sunday evening we h:' 
a home talent program. The Codori 
chorus gave a program of music il 
another Sunday. The speaker for f j 
watch night service was Bro. Hen 
Bucher. — Mrs. Ada Leininger, Denvfj 
Pa. 

Hatfield — Four from our church t| 
tended the leadership training schc' 
at the Greentree church. Bro. Robi 
Byerly of Elizabethtown conducted t 
fall Bible institute. Nineteen worn 
attended the district women's fello] 
ship rally in the Chiques church, ^j 

GOSPEL messeng:. 



u Mrs. Leroy Clemens served as dele- 

; s to the district conference. Sev- 

women have become members of 

ladies' auxiliary of the Neffsville 

le. Bro. Wilbur Lehman officiated 

he fall love feast. On missionary 

1. Sara Shisler brought the morning 

n evening messages. The pastor 

jl ce at the Thanksgiving service and 

ti'offering was taken for district home 

miions. The choir under the direction 

ji Mr. Hiram Hershey presented a 

Cistmas concert featuring the cantata, 

T Song of Christmas. The Sunday 

sc)ol gave the Christmas program, 

T^ Three Gifts of Christmas. We had 

a yhite gift service for relief when 

D'lald Rummel, pastor of the Ambler 

clirch, spoke. Since Jan. 1, we are 

u;-ig the envelope system and have a 

u: ied budget. — Mary A. Nyce, Lans- 

d^, Pa. 

[kippack — We have used the eve- 
n}i service during the last year as an 
O],ortunity to have neighboring min- 
is,rs as guest speakers. We have heard 
F old Jones, Ralph Jones, Jesse Stayer 
ai Ralph Fry. The superintendent of 
tt children's home at Neffsville, Glen 
C;go, brought pictures for the meeting 
f(Owing a fellowship supper. Bro. 
V bur Martin held evangelistic serv- 
ic, Sept. 24 to Oct. 1. A large group 
fin our congregation attended the 
Wiship service at the Neffsville Home 
iii^ugust. A group of women also at- 
tfied the open house and barbecue 
tl same month. Many of our members 
a 'uded the Billy Graham rally at Phil- 
a Iphia. The deputation team from 
E^abethtown College was in charge 

the service on Nov. 19. Children 
we dedicated on Oct. 29. The women 
hie been making bandages for relief; 
tl.y also gave a donation for CARE at 
t] Christmas season. The women also 
riliember some of the aged women in 
tl| Johnson Home throughout the 
y\i. — Mrs. Eugene S. Berry, Sollege- 
ve, Pa. 

I Middle Pennsylvania 

|iverett — On World Communion 
ly we observed a love feast. Percy 
lor, our representative in the state 
lijislature, was the speaker at a joint 
DJeting of the churches in our area on 
Ivman's Sunday. Our church was host 
t 'district meeting, Oct. 17 to 19. The 
jjiors of our church shared in trick 
c|treat for UNICEF in the community, 
li'ven members of the chiu-ch proc- 
eied relief clothing at New Windsor 
c|e day in November. In November we 
H a fellowship visitation to all mem- 
bs of the congregation. The Everett 
cinmunity Thanksgiving service was 
Hd in our church with Rev. Paul Get- 
t'?er preaching. Bro. Ora Huston, 
Iiice counselor for the brotherhood, 
5|ike on Dec. 10 on Peace in Our In- 
sole World. Our church participated 
i!the community carol singing. The 
ijn's and women's fellowships pre- 
ijited a Christmas program at the Mor- 

1 m Cove Home. The junior high and 
i|iior choirs of our church gave the 
ntata, The Music of Bethlehem, on 

ristmas Eve. Six babies were dedi- 
ed at the morning worship. We 
led 1961 by joining the Everett com- 
nity New Year's service at the 
ited Church of Christ. - Freda Har- 
rode, Everett, Pa. 
BRUARY 17, 1962 



THE MINISTER 

AND 

THE CARE OF SOULS 



DANIEL DAY WILLIAMS 



What does being a "pastor" mean in today's age of outer space 
and inner anxiety? The author of the widely-acclaimed What 
Present-Day Theologians Are Thinking opens new perspectives 
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understanding of psychology are necessary for ministers to 
fulfill the goal of all pastoral care: the bringing of salvation to 
the human spirit. $3.50 

CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES. Elgin. 111. 



Holsinger and New Paris — Eight per- 
sons were baptized following the 
evangehstic service at Holsinger. The 
love feast was observed on World Com- 
munion Sunday. A. Jay Replogle of 
Windber, representing the Pennsylvania 
Temperance League, was with tlie 
church one Sunday. Lay members at 
both New Paris and Holsinger con- 
ducted services on Layman's Sunday. A 
number of the members sang in the 
choir at district meeting. Delegates 
were Daisy Manges, Agnes Miller, and 
Ada Stambaugh. Some of the teachers 
attended the school for children's work- 
ers at Yellow Creek in November. The 
youth fellowship banquet was held at 
New Paris on Nov. 5. For the Thanks- 
giving services for the congregation at 
the New Paris church house Bro. 
Thomas Shoemaker was the speaker. 
Foodstuffs brought to the service were 
donated to the Morrison's Cove Home. 
The pastor is serving as vice-president 
of the district minister's fellowship for 
this year. A carload of members went 
to New Windsor in December to help 
pack relief clothing. At Holsinger the 
women's fellowship had a Christmas 
party with a kitchen shower for the 
church kitchen. At New Paris, there 
was a family night Christmas party. 
Both churches had Christmas programs, 
with new hymnals dedicated at the Hol- 
singer house. The Messiah by Handel 
was broadcast over radio station WBFD 
on Dec. 24, with Bro. Thomas Shoe- 
maker serving as commentator. — Thel- 
ma Wentz, Alum Bank, Pa. 

Roaring Spring — Under the leader- 
ship of the pastor, Bro. Berkey Knavel, 
and Bro. Floyd Mitchell, a retreat for 
inspiration and evaluation was held for 
the board of administration and related 
church school officers. Later several of 
the commissions led in panel discus- 




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sions, seeking to lead the members to 
a fuller understanding of how we can 
make the work more effective. Beverly 
Laird told about her work and experi- 
ences in BVS at the CBYF and junior 
high meetings. Special recognition was 

29 




yAjonddauqhtim, 
INGLENOOK 
COOKBOOK 




COOKBOOK 



$2.00 

Here are over 1500 favorite 
recipes contributed b y 
Brethren cooks. Included 
are sections on invalid 
cookery, outdoor meals, 
school lunches, group 
cooking, international cook- 
ery, as well as food charts 
and useful household in- 
formation. 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



given to the senior citizens of our con- 
gregation at the morning worship serv- 
ice, and they were guests at the noon 
meal. Through the use of pictures and 
narration Bro. John Keiper brought to 
our attention many interesting historical 
facts of the churches of the North At- 
lantic District. Bro. Earl Kaylor was 
the speaker for our Christian emphasis 
week. Since our last report sixteen have 
been baptized and seven received by 
letter. Sandra Housel, who served a 
year in BVS in Chicago and in a work 
camp in Ecuador the past summer, told 
about her experiences, illustrating them 
with pictures. In addition to the mes- 
sages brought by the pastor, the Advent 
season was made more meaningful be- 
cause of the various services of music 
and pageantry which concluded on 
Christmas Eve with the white gift and 
candlelighting service. — Margaret E. 
Guyer, Roaring Spring, Pa. 
30 



North Atlantic 

Norristown — In September, Sister 
Emma Ziegler spent a day in our con- 
gregation, speaking at both services. 
Bro. Glen Crago of the Neffsville Chil- 
dren's Home told about the work there. 
Our Sunday school brought offerings of 
canned goods and money for him to 
take to the home. The children gave a 
Christmas program. The watch night 
services had to be cancelled because of 
the icy roads. Bro. Donald Leiter, pas- 
tor of the Paoli fellowship, baptized 
one person, using our baptismal facili- 
ties. — Carrie W. Ellis, Norristown, Pa. 

Southern Pennsylvania 

Knobsville — In May we had our love 
feast and a groundbreaking for the 
new building. Bro. Noah Sellers was the 
speaker. In July a group from the New 
Fairview church gave a program in our 
congregation. Bro. Samuel Parmer of 
the Back Creek congregation showed 
slides of his trip to Europe. We ob- 
served rally day the first of October. 
The building has been put on the new 
foundation, and we hope to be in it by 
spring. At the present we are holding 
services in the Methodist church each 
Sunday afternoon. — Sara Jane Martin, 
Chambersburg, Pa. 

Lost Creek — Bro. J. E. Rowland of 
Greencastle was the speaker for the 
dedication service of the Bunkertown 
church in June. Vacation Bible schools 
were held at both the Bunkertown and 
Free Spring churches. We also had 
Christmas programs at both places. 
We observed Layman's Sunday in Oc- 
tober. The choir sponsored several 
Sunday evening programs of music dur- 
ing the year. The women's fellowship 
group spent one afternoon at a local 
nursing home and had a worship pro- 
gram there. Several carloads of women 
went to New Windsor to help process 
clothing. They have also been making 
comforters for relief. Several of our 
youth and our pastor served as coun- 
selors at Camp Swatara in the summer. 
The pastor attended the faith and group 
laboratory at Juniata College and the 
Bethany extension school. We had a 
candlelight service on New Year's Eve. 
Twelve have been baptized and two 
received by letter. We had the love 
feast on World Communion Sunday at 
the Free Spring house. The youth had 
a speech contest on Jan. 14. — Elsie K. 
Leonard, McAlisterville, Pa. 

Western Pennsylvania 

Pittsburgh — The church choir under 
the direction of Mrs. Leonard Blough 
presented a cantata at the morning wor- 
ship on Dec. 17. That same afternoon 
members of the young adult class went 
Christmas caroling for the shut-ins of 
the congregation. In the evening the 
Sunday school Christmas party was 
sponsored by the youth group. This 
included a skit on the true meaning 
of Christmas. The congregation is 
grateful for the leadership of Bro. Rus- 
sell Bixler; the Holy Spirit is working 
through him for the growth of our 
fellowship, both in numbers and in 
spiritual depth. The pastor is now con- 
ducting the third series of Sunday eve- 
ning Bible study meetings. Members 
and friends of the congregation sur- 
prised Brother and Sister William Rum- 
mel at a reception on Dec. 31. The 



Brethren Placement 
Service . . . 



This column is conducted as a fe 
service in the interests of assistii 
individuals or families to relocate 
secure employment in Brethren coi 
munities. It does not provide for tl 
advertising of goods or property f 
sale or rent. Information on paid a 
vertising may be obtained from tl 
Church of the Brethren General OfBc< 

This service is part of the Brothf 
hood program, assigned for administi 
tion to the Social Welfare Departme 
of Brethren Service. 

The right to edit and reject notic 
is reserved. Since no verification 
notices is made no responsibility can 
assumed. 

When writing about a notice, it 
necessary that the number be give 
Write Brethren Placement Servi< 
Church of the Brethren General OfiBci 
Elgin, 111. 

No. 553. We invite anyone planni 
to locate in the Roanoke area, or 
ready in Roanoke planning a change 
location, to take a look at the 
Grove community; homes cost frc 
$20,000 to $50,000. We have a m 
church building, shopping center, m 
lion dollar elementary school, and 
rapidly growing community. The n< 
shopping center, with supermark 
drugstore, doctor's office, and a varie 
store, will be completed in the spriii 
also a service station. The city bus li 
passes through this area. Contact; 
C. Spangler, R. 4, Box 64, Roanoke, \ 

No. 554. Position available soon, f 
an ambitious young man or couple wi 
experience, on modern dairy far 
Terms to suit. House provided. 4 mil 
from Brethren church. An exceptioi 
opportunity for the right person. Cc 
tact: Bacon and Yoder Dairy Far 
Ashley, Ind. 

No. 555. Wanted: A married couj 
for dairy farm and general farmii 
Modern two-bedroom home. Five mi 
to Brethren church. Good wages w: 
extras. Contact: Harvey Moeckly, P(| 
City, Iowa. Phone 984-6086. 



Rummels have been active members! 
the fellowship for many years wj 
Brother Rummel serving as moderal 
for nineteen years. After an extendi 
vacation in the West, they will maf 
their home at Hollsopple, Pa. — M| 
Jack Walter, Verona, Pa. 

Scalp Level — The church obsersl 
the fifth anniversary of the dedicatil 
of the new church on Jan. 28. Fom| 
living pastors were the guest ministe| 
Clarence H. Rosenberger spoke at 
morning service, and in the afterncl 
Raymond R. Boose brought the ani 
versary address with Lewis Knepperl 
charge of the devotional period. Ij 
mortgage was also bruned at the afti 
noon service. — J. H. Lehman, So] 
Level, Pa. 

Sipesville — We participated in 
community Thanksgiving service at 
GOSPEL MESSENC 



lilted Church of Christ. Rev. Earl 
( Brubaker brought the message. The 
caring was given to the Children's Aid 
jne at Somerset. At the father and 
i,\ banquet tlie speaker was Bro. J. E. 
■".litacre of the Walnut Grove church. 
^ ; had a 100% attendance on Rally 
( /. The speaker for the occasion was 
1 ). Guy N. Hartman of Meyersdale. 
] J. Ora Huston, peace counselor for 
ti? Brotherhood, spent some time with 
i and met with the youth and any 
(iiers confronted with the draft. John 
Jier, administrator at Bethany Hos- 
jal, was the speaker for the open 
iLise at the Scalp Level Brethren 
I'ime. The women's fellowship spon- 
s ed a family night with a covered 
clh dinner and a program, at which 
dim was shown. We contributed to 
t! Share Our Surplus at Thanksgiving 
tie. On the morning of Christmas 
] e the cantata. The Music of Bethle- 
In, was given, and in the evening we 
Id a carol singing and candlelighting 
5 vice. — Mrs. A. G. Maust, Sipesville, 
1 

Eastern Maryland 

Piney Creek — Bro. Clarence Bow- 
in conducted a revival service in Oc- 
tier. Seven were baptized. The 
j|itor, Warren Eshbach, is directing 
t- senior and youth choirs. He has 
£0 started a midweek prayer meeting, 
A'ich is being well attended. We are 
hking forward to the completion of 
t; new parsonage, which is now in 
t* process of being erected. We have 
ijO renovated the church interior. Wil- 
l;Ti Copenhaver, who is studying at 
l;dgewater College, delivered the 
i|'rning message during the Christmas 
sson. The women's fellowship spon- 
5ied a youth night in January. The 
I'itor had a panel discussion pertain- 

; to family life. — Elizabeth M. Mort, 
Itlestown, Pa. 

First Virginia 

Froutville — A revival was conducted 

I Bro. Albert Sauls, pastor of the 
l(ters Creek church. Thirteen new 
limbers were received during the past 
(jarter by letter and baptism. The 
'putville Baptist church was host to 
t|; community Thanksgiving service on 
t': evening before Thanksgiving. The 
llitor of our church, J. Weldon Myers, 
^:S die speaker. On Dec. 17, during 
t|' morning worship hour, the com- 
I'led choirs of Daleville, Cloverdale, 
ill Troutville presented the Christmas 
cjitata. Born a King, directed by Dr. 
I IX E. Bertholf. In the evening we 

I I the children's Christmas program 
i 1 fellowship hour. — Mrs. Rowland 
] Wampler, Troutville, Va. 

Southern Virginia 

iFairview, Rocky Mount — A group of 
tl^ men attended the men's fall ban- 
<J3t at the Brick church and some of 
' ■ youth the rally at the Christians- 
'irg church. A potluck supper was 
l|d during tlie Thanksgiving season. 
Ijtlie absence of the pastor, Bro. C. A. 
1 )ra preached one Sunday in Decem- 
I ■. The adult class gave fruit baskets 

the older members of the church. 

ring the Sunday school hour, Christ- 
1 s carols were sung. — Audrey Lay- 

n, Rocky Mount, Va. 
IjSRUARY 17, 1962 



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Christian beliefs that apply to everyday life. 


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Doing What Is Christian, Harold Bosley 
A discussion of the responsibihty and witness of 
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An understanding of spiritual relationship in com- 
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A study of the world's great faiths. 




The Message of the Bible, Charles M. Laymon 
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CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, 111. 



WORSHIP 




SERVICES 



USING THE ARTS 



LOUISE H. CURRY and CHESTER M. WETZEL 

It is the authors' thesis that those in positions of leadership should draw 
upon the resources of the local church to develop a medium of artistic 
representation and inspirational teaching for tlie Christian gospel. The 
services in this book range from a simple vesper service to an elaborately 
costumed pageant, from a Negro folk sermon to series of tableau.x, and 
they present interpretations of the great seasons of the Christian year. 
Examples are also given of how familiar stories and parables can be 
conceived in dramatic and artistic settings. Even some of die problems 
of contemporary society are touched upon. For creative persons, here is a 
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CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin. 111. 



31 






ill il/.i ^1 






i^ 1- 





I HE Church is not to conduct missions as one 
of her many activities; she has in all her activities 
a mission; she is a missionary people; if she is not 
that, she is not the Church. 

— John Bright, the Kingdom of God 



Brotherhood Interpretation Sunday 
Sunday, February 25, 1962 

CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



^niitca c^ Cn£<^^j&in/te/v^ 




ll[SSENG[ll 



FEBRUARY 24. 1962 




Gari Melchers 



Three Lions 



iflC l^iStSTlST'S • • Many a sermon appears startling and dynamic when it appears 

ii print, but you would hardly think so from the effect upon its Hsteners. Take this painting by 

( ri Melchers, an American artist, as an illustration of what happens all too often in the midst 

cia well-prepared sermon. The setting may be early American but the situation is indeed con- 

ttiporary. Someone has fallen asleep. Some others have let their attention drift. Still others 

t disapproving glances at the offenders. But a few are absorbed as they listen. Thus the 

mal Word is communicated by means of the foolishness of preaching. There are those who 

en and heed. But there are many more in need of an awakening. 



Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdoryi Come" 

KENNETH MORSE ------ Editor 

ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 



READERS WRITE 



to the editoi 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, Official 
organ of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Rougher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
111., at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Second class postage paid at Elgin, 
Illinois. Acceptance for mailing at spe- 
cial rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. Printed in 
U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 
Ecumenical Press Service 

FEBRUARY 24, 1962 



Volume 111 



Number 8 



In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

The Listeners 1 

The General Forum — 

An Appeal to All Governments and 

Peoples From the World Council of 

Churches Assembly 3 

Jesus, Remember Me. 

John C. Middlekauff 4 

Minority With a Mission. 

Leland Wilson 8 

Thp Christian Cause. 

Christian Bashore 7 

Recruitment May Be Your Responsi- 

bilty. H. H. Helman 12 

Adoption: The Church Helps 14 

Joyful, Joyful, We Adore Thee. 

Kenneth 1. Morse 16 

A Pattern for Work in Emerging Africa. 

Hugh Samson 18 

A Statement of Purpose 20 

Reviews of Recent Books 21 

News — 

Churchmen Review Religious Aspects 
of Kennedy's First Year 23 

News and Comment From Around the 
World 24 

Church News 26 

Our Contributors 

John C. Middlekauff is pastor of the 
New Carlisle church, Southern Ohio. 
His article beginning on page 4 is one 
of a series of Lenten sermons. Several 
more of the series are scheduled for 
future issues. 

Leland Wilson is director of the de- 
partment of interpretation for the 
General Brotherhood Board. He was 
formerly a pa'stor in the Western 
Region. 

H. H. Helman, a pastor retired from 
full-time service who stills serves 
churches as interim pastor, expresses his 
concern about the failure of young men 
to consider the ministry as a vocation. 



The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles ar 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 



Memorial Service 

After reading the letter from Mrs. 
Naragon (Jan. 6) I had the urge to 
write my suggestion. When the time 
arrives for the body to be taken from 
the funeral home for burial I think I 
would like to have the burial first, 
and then have friends meet at the 
church for a memorial service, and 
especially for the family to go there 
to meet God in prayer and seek re- 
newed strength and guidance for the 
future. It seems to me that the 
prayers and the minister's message 
would soon be forgotten if you would 
have to go to the cemetery and go 
through the ordeal of the burial after 
the memorial service. With the bur- 
ial first, before the memorial service 
at the church, the family could leave 
the church with renewed strength, 
and the prayers and message would 
linger with them much longer and 
give them the spiritual strength they 
need. — Mrs. Dorothy Hart, R. 6, 
Huntington, Ind. 

Not Selfishness 

The letter by O. A. Workman in 
the Dec. 9 issue needs to be an- 
swered. 

In my dictionary self-interest is de- 
fined as "undue regard for one's own 
interest, regardless of the rights of 
others." 

In John 10:10 Jesus says, "I am 
come that they may have life, and 
that they might have it more abun- 
dantly." Is that selfishness? 

Giving one's energy and a lifetime 
of toil to help mankind and one's 
children to a better, happier life, is 
that selfishness? 

If non-Christians in many lands 
are satisfied with their way of living, 
why are they so thrilled and made 
happy when they learn of God, Jesus, 
and the Holy Spirit and want to tell 
others? — Mrs. Ollie F. Benjamin, 
608 West Jefl[erson St., Monticello, 
Ind. 

God Is Love 

The article in the Dec. 9 issue by 
O. A. Workman, "Based on Selfish- 
ness?" calls for an answer. God's 
gift of his Son can't possibly show 
any degree of selfishness. The Word 
says, "God is love," (1 John 4:16). 
All that pertains to love devotes 
something to others. John 3:16 



tells us: "God so loved the worl 
that he gave his only begotten So 
that whosoever believeth in hi 
should not perish, but have eve 
lasting life." Again, in Luke 12:3 
Jesus says to his disciples: "Fearnc 
little flock; for it is your Fathe: 
good pleasure to give you the kin 
dom." And in the story of the jud 
ment, when the Son of man shall 
on his throne to judge all the natioi 
he will say to the righteous, "Coir 
ye blessed of my Father, inherit t 
kingdom prepared for you from t 
foundation of the world." God 
love, and all the good things he l 
provided for his people have be 
from love. 

Those who love Ghrist, serve h 
and are willing to give themselv 
to present their bodies a living sac 
fice, which Paul says is their reasc 
able service. Not from a self 
motive at all, but out of the depth 
Christian love, they do it for otb 
and in his name to prove what 
the will of God, what is good a 
acceptable and perfect. There is 
element of selfishness in Christ: 
living, but because of what God 1 
done for us, a spirit of thanksgivi 
and satisfaction, that can only 
expressed through true worship 
God our heavenly Father. . . . 

Let us not misconstrue loving se3 
ice with selfishness. — Oscar E. Ste| 
Franklin Grove, 111. 

Heads in the Sand? 

I call attention to the article 
Bro. John Middlekauff in the Dec.jj 
issue and the one to follow on 
same question. 

I hope our readers will not 0>| 
look even the unpleasant readMlT 
the MiddlekauflF article, when hesl 
our record is anything but pleas| 
reading. . . . 

In talking to a fellow ministeij 
another church who reads more t| 
I can (at my age) he declares <| 
our men in Washington have 
been realistic; that they (along \3 
all of us) have been "sticking tj 
heads in the sand." 

Let us, therefore, read, pray,! 
pent and, if God leads us to, writ| 
our men in Washington, D. C. 
F. Sherfy, 162 Courtney N. E., l\ 
noke, Va. 

GOSPEL MESSENfl 



/a Appeal to All Governments and Peoples 
ffom the World Council of Churches Assembly 



'"^HE Third Assembly of the World Council 
of Churches, at which are gathered Chris- 
f;Qs from all parts of the world, addresses this 
. )cal to the government and people of every 
njjion. 

'' Today, war itself is a common enemy. War 
ij n oflFense to the nature of man. The future of 
nny generations and the heritage of ages past 
hig in the balance. They are now easy to 
ditroy, since the actions or miscalculations of 
I ew can bring about a holocaust. They are 
Q der to safeguard and advance, for that re- 
q'ires the dedicated action of all. Let there be 
njtraint and self-denial in the things which 
rr ke for war, patience and persistence in seek- 
ir to resolve the things which divide, and bold- 
n s and courage in grasping the things which 
trke for peace. 

I To turn back from the road towards war into 
tl, paths of peace, all must renounce the threat 
force. This calls for an end to the war of 
Q'jVes, to pressures on small countries, to the 
Ktling of bombs. It is not possible to follow at 
tl same time policies of menace and mutual 
daraiament. 

j To halt the race in arms is imperative. Com- 
pjte and general disarmament is the accepted 
gijil, and concrete steps must be taken to reach 
it: Meanwhile, the search for a decisive first 
st3, such as the verified cessation of nuclear 
t€;s, should be pressed forward despite all 
olitacles and setbacks. 

j To substitute reason for force and undergird 
tlj will to disarm, institutions of peace and 
o.'jerly methods to effect change and to settle 
djputes are essential. This imposes a duty to 
stj>ngthen the United Nations within the frame- 
wirk and spirit of the Charter. All countries 
sljre this duty, whether ahgned with the major 
p'ver blocs or independent of them. The non- 
a]|;ned can contribute through their impartiali- 
t}iwith others they can be champions of the 
pliciples of the Charter. 

jTo build peace with justice, barriers of 
nrjtual distrust must be attacked at every level. 
N j tual confidence is the most precious resource 
iiihe world today; none should be wasted, more 
nrjst be found. The fundamentals of an open 
S(|iety are essential that contacts may freely 
d elop, person to person and people to people. 

Tiers to communication must go, not least 

are thev divide peoples, churches, even fami- 
• Freedom of human contact, information, 

R.UARY 24. 1962 



and cultural exchange is essential for the build- 
ing of peace. 

To enhance mutual trust, nations should be 
willing to nm reasonable risks for peace. For 
example, an equitable basis for disarmament 
involves, on the one hand, an acceptance of 
risks in an inspection and control which cannot 
be foolproof, and, on the other, the danger that 
inspection may exceed its stated duties. Those 
who would break through the vicious circle of 
suspicion must dare to pioneer. 

There is a great opportunity for constructive 
action in the struggle for world development. 
To share the benefits of civilization with the 
whole of humanity is a noble and attainable 
objective. To press the war against poverty, 
disease, exploitation, and ignorance calls for 
greater sacrifice and for a far greater commit- 
ment of scientific, educational, and material 
resources than hitherto. In this common task, 
let the people find a positive program for peace, 
a moral equivalent for war. 

A creative strategy for peace with justice re- 
quires universal recognition of the claims of 
humanity — of all people, whatever their status, 
race, sex, or creed. Lest man's new powers be 
used to degrade his human freedom and dignity, 
governments must remember that they are the 
servants of their citizens and respect the worth 
of each individual human being. The supreme 
achievement for a government is to enhance the 
dignity of man, and free him for the creative 
exercise of his higher powers. 

In making this appeal to all governments and 
peoples, we are constrained by obedience to 
Jesus Christ, the Lord of history, who demands 
righteousness and mercy and is a light unto the 
nations and the hearts of men. For the achieve- 
ment of peace with justice, we pledge our un- 
remitting efforts and call upon the churches for 
their support in action and in prayer. 



Lord, thou canst help when earthly armor faileth; 
Lord, thou canst save when deadly sin assaileth; 
Lord, o'er thy rock nor death nor hell prevaileth; 
Grant us thy peace, Lord. 

Peace in our hearts our evil thoughts assuaging, 
Peace in thy church, where brothers are engaging; 
Peace, when the world its busy war is waging, 
Send us, O Savior. — Matthaus A. von Lowenstern 



Christians have been impressed 

with the words that came from 

Jesus on the cross. There is merit 

also in considering some of the 

words addressed to the cross . . . 



by John C. Middlekauff 



w, 



HEN the Romans crucified Jesus, they 
erected his cross between two criminals who were 
sufiFering the same fate — although for radically 
diflFerent reasons. Jesus felt right at home. He 
was often in the company of criminals, prostitutes, 
and social outcasts such as tax collectors and 
drunkards. He would not regret that he was be- 
tween two criminals — it gave him a chance to 
help them. 

But no two men are alike. Though these men 
were alike in that both were criminals, they 
di£Fered in that one was bitter and the other was 




Giovanni Batista Tiepolo 



Jesus 



eager for any help he could get. As 1 
second criminal looked back over his hfe, 
could blame no one but himself for i 
tragic end to which he was coming. But 
saw that Jesus was different. He was ini 
cent; he was the victim of injustice; he ( 
not deserve to die. Recognizing this, 
dying thief turned to Jesus and said, "]ei\ 
remember me when you come in your kin 
power." 

Just when and where this criminal f 
heard about Jesus, we do not know. At | 

GOSPEL MESSENi| 




Three Lions 



I 
I 

Remember Me 



|ne he was not moved to 

ijiange his way of hfe, but now 

]! was in a jam. So he did what 

ery man does when he faces 

: crisis; he looked at himself, 

! took stock, he reviewed the 

ist, and he got a philosophy 

life. As this criminal looked 

ick, he saw nothing that gave 

m satisfaction — and as he 

oked forward, he saw nothing 

at gave him hope. 

BRUARY 24, 1962 



And then something hap- 
pened. It was the same thing 
that always happens when a 
man actually gets into the 
presence of Christ; he saw him- 
self for what he really was, he 
had his mask taken off, and, for 
the first time in his life, he 
knew who he was and what he 
could have been had he al- 
lowed God to mold and shape 
his life. 



As this criminal hung there 
— suspended between earth and 
sky and with death staring him 
in the face — he did the one 
thing that every man must do 
if he would have his sins for- 
given and if he would inherit 
eternal life — he repented. What 
keeps a man out of the king- 
dom? Certainly not his race, his 
lack of money, his lack of ability 
or education, but his unrepent- 



ed sins, his refusal to accept 
God's terms of life. 

What is repentance? In es- 
sence, it is a man turning his 
back on sin and turning to God 
and his way of life; it is a man 
changing his way of thinking 
about life and accepting God's 
way of thinking, having the 
mind of Christ instead of the 
mind of man. 

There are many things which 
keep men out of the k